1 An ABBREVIATED GUIDE to Chicago and Religion & Literature Style Prepared by Katie Bascom and Vienna Wagner 2015
3 A Note on this Guide Here you ll find helpful excerpts from The Chicago Manual of Style as well as discussion of the Religion & Literature House Style sheet, which should provide the necessary foundation to begin editorial work on the journal. While you ll, no doubt, find it necessary to frequently consult the online style guide, this abbreviation covers some of the problem areas for those new to Chicago style and the R&L style sheet. Though The Chicago Manual of Style includes treatments of general usage issues, its citation and documentation system proves most daunting to new editors. Further, Religion & Literature modifies Chicago documentation practices with an eye toward brevity, concision, and aesthetic appeal. Consequently, this guide devotes most of its attention to practices such as the shortened endnote plus bibliography citation style. In general, Chicago style considers the documentation of material cited in-text the primary function of the endnote system because endnotes can provide documentation without interfering with the reading experience. Therefore, Chicago discourages discursive endnotes. Every system has its drawbacks, of course, but, properly executed, the Chicago/R&L style creates clean, well-documented essays free from cumbersome in-text apparatus. Basically, the reader shouldn t need to read the endnotes unless the reader needs to track down the sources, and the citation system makes it clear, early on, that little more than such information will be found there. In addition to the endnote/bibliography citation style, Chicago downstyle consistently proves confusing to new editors. In short, Chicago s preference is for sparing use of capital letters, and you re about to discover that the typical academic writer tends to use capital letters quite liberally.
4 R&L House Style Religion and Literature uses American English spelling as given in Merriam Webster s Dictionary and follows the specifications for American English punctuation, abbreviations, numbers, translations, idioms, syntax, and vocabulary given in the Chicago Manual of Style (CMS). For the most part, we also follow CMS for citations, endnotes (rather than footnotes), and capitalization. We would like to highlight a few specifications and modifications: Articles should include a full alphabetized bibliography of all works cited or mentioned under the heading BIBLIOGRAPHY, formatted as specified in CMS (for more details, see ). All endnoted citations should use the shorted citation form, not the full citation form, as explained in CMS (for details, see ). In the case of consecutive entries from the same source, subsequent entries should be labeled Ibid. (e.g.) 8. Minow and LaMay, Presidential Debates, 138. But never: Newton N. Minow and Craig L. LaMay, Inside the Presidential Debates: Their Improbable Past and Promising Future (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2008), Ibid., Articles that deal primarily with one specific text may cite page or line numbers from that text parenthetically after the first citation. The first citation s endnote should contain the phrase Hereafter cited by [page/line] number at the end of the note. For capitalization, we follow the CMS with a preference for down style. For capitalization of religious words, we follow the Liturgical Press Style Guide ( with the exception that we do not capitalize scripture.
5 In-Text Quotation Formatting Quoted text may be either run in to the surrounding text and enclosed in quotation marks, like this, or set off as a block quotation, or extract. Block quotations, which are not enclosed in quotation marks, always start a new line. They are further distinguished from the surrounding text by being indented (from the left and sometimes from the right) or set in smaller type or a different font from the text. These matters are normally decided by the publisher s designer or by journal style. Authors preparing block quotations should simply use the indention feature of their word processors (13.9). In deciding whether to run in or set off a quotation, length is usually the deciding factor. In general, a short quotation, especially one that is not a full sentence, should be run in. A hundred words or more (at least six to eight lines of text in a typical manuscript) can generally be set off as a block quotation. Other criteria apply, however. A quotation of two or more paragraphs is best set off, as are quoted correspondence (if salutations, signatures, and such are included), lists, and any material that requires special formatting. If many quotations of varying length occur close together, running them all in may make for easier reading. But where quotations are being compared or otherwise used as entities in themselves, it may be better to set them all as block quotations, however short. Poetry is set off far more often than prose (13.10). Quoted material of more than a paragraph, even if very brief, is best set off as a block quotation. A multiparagraph block quotation should generally reflect the paragraph breaks of the original. But if the first paragraph quoted includes the beginning of that paragraph, it need not start with a first-line paragraph indention. Subsequent paragraphs in the quotation should be indicated either by first-line paragraph indention or (less desirably) by extra line space between the paragraphs. The following example, from Jane Austen s Pride and Prejudice, includes four full paragraphs: He began to wish to know more of her, and as a step towards conversing with her himself, attended to her conversation with others. His doing so drew her notice. It was at Sir William Lucas s, where a large party were assembled. What does Mr. Darcy mean, said she to Charlotte, by listening to my conversation with Colonel Forster? That is a question which Mr. Darcy only can answer. But if he does it any more I shall certainly let him know that I see what he is about. He has a very satirical eye, and if I do not begin by being impertinent myself, I shall soon grow afraid of him. If the first part of the opening paragraph were to be omitted, it would still begin flush left (13.20). A long quotation may begin with a few words run in to the text. This device should be used only when text intervenes between the quoted matter in the text and its continuation (13.21).
6 If the text following a block quotation is a continuation of the paragraph that introduces the quotation, it begins flush left. If the resuming text begins a new paragraph, it receives a paragraph indention. In works where all new paragraphs appear flush left, however, it may be necessary to impose extra line spacing before new paragraphs following block quotations (13.22). Two or more lines of verse are best set off as a block quotation (cf ). A poetry quotation, if isolated, is often visually centered on the page between the left and right margins (usually relative to the longest line), but if two or more stanzas of the same poem appear on the same page, a uniform indention from the left may work better (see 13.24). A half line to a full line of space should appear between stanzas. Within each piece or stanza, the indention pattern of the original should be reproduced (13.23). Where all or most poetic quotations consist of blank verse (as in studies of Shakespeare) or are very long, uniform indention from the left margin usually works best (e.g., a left indention that matches the one, if any, used for prose extracts) (13.24). Runover lines (the remainder of lines too long to appear as a single line) are usually indented one em from the line above, as in the following quotation from Walt Whitman s Song of Myself : My tongue, every atom of my blood, form d from this soil, this air, Born here of parents born here from parents the same, and their parents the same, I, now thirty-seven years old in perfect health begin, Hoping to cease not till death. Runover lines, although indented, should be distinct from new lines deliberately indented by the poet. Generally, a unique and uniform indent for runovers will be enough to accomplish this (13.25).
7 Shortened Citations The short form usually consists of the author s last name, the main title of the work (shortened if more than four words), and the page numbers referenced. (14.25) A shortened title consists of key words from the main title, omitting any initial A or The and leaving the words in their original order. (14.28) Multiple consecutive references to the same work can be marked by Ibid., acting as a placeholder for the name(s) of the author(s) and editor(s), the title of the work, and as much of the following information as is identical. (14.29) Examples taken from 14.25: 1. Morley, Poverty and Inequality, Schwartz, Nationals and Nationalism, Kaiser, Literature of Harlem, Morley, Poverty and Inequality, Schwartz, Nationals and Nationalism, Kaiser, Literature of Harlem, Parenthetical Citations If the source of a direct quotation is not given in a note or in the introductory text to the quotation, it is placed following the quotation in parentheses. Full in-text citation includes all information usually given in endnotes. This can either be in the style of an entire bibliography entry or supplementing information given in the text. (13.63) Multiple consecutive references to the same work can be marked by ibid., following the same rules applied to endnotes. If consecutive references occur in an extended discussion of a single work, only the page number is necessary. If quotations of other sources have intervened, a shortened reference may be used (again, following the same rules as endnotes). (13.64) The source should follow the closing quotation mark and come before the rest of the surrounding sentence, including any punctuation. The citation may be located elsewhere, as long as it is clear what quotation it is referring to. (13.66) If a quotation comes at the end of a sentence and ends in a question mark or an exclamation point, the original punctuation is retained, and a period is added following the citation. (13.67)
8 Bibliography Entries Bibliography entries differ from notes in that elements are separated by periods rather than commas, facts of publication are not enclosed in parentheses, and the author s name is listed lastfirst rather than first-last. (14.16) See the following examples taken from 14.18: (single author) Pollan, Michael. The Omnivore s Dilemma: A Natural History of Four Meals. New York: Penguin, (single editor) Greenberg, Joel, ed. Of Prairie, Woods, and Water: Two Centuries of Chicago Nature Writing. Chicago: U of Chicago P, (multiple authors) Ward, Geoffrey C., and Ken Burns. The War: An Intimate History, New York: Knopf, (author plus editor or translator) García Márquez, Gabriel. Love in the Time of Cholera. Translated by Edith Grossman. London: Cape, (chapter in an edited book) Gould, Glenn. Streisand as Schwarzkopf. In The Glenn Gould Reader, edited by Tim Page, New York: Vintage, (journal article) Blair, Walter. Americanized Comic Braggarts. Critical Inquiry 4, no. 2 (1977):
9 Chicago Downstyle Proper nouns are usually capitalized, as are some of the terms derived from or associated with proper nouns. For the latter, Chicago s preference is for sparing use of capitals what is sometimes referred to as a down style. Although Brussels (the Belgian city) is capitalized, Chicago prefers brussels sprouts which are not necessarily from Brussels (see 8.60). Likewise, President Obama is capitalized, but the president is not (see ). (In certain nonacademic contexts e.g., a press release such terms as president may be capitalized.) (8.1) Civil, military, religious, and professional titles are capitalized when they immediately precede a personal name and are thus used as part of the name (typically replacing the title holder s first name). In formal prose and other generic text (as opposed to promotional or ceremonial contexts or a heading), titles are normally lowercased when following a name or used in place of a name (8.18). Words denoting political divisions from empire, republic, and state down to ward and precinct are capitalized when they follow a name and are used as an accepted part of the name. When preceding the name, such terms are usually capitalized in names of countries but lowercased in entities below the national level. Used alone, they are usually lowercased (8.50). Some names of periods are capitalized, either by tradition or to avoid ambiguity (8.72). Examples taken from 8.72: the Augustan Age the Common Era the Counter-Reformation the Dark Ages the Enlightenment the Gay Nineties the Gilded Age the Grand Siècle the High Middle Ages (but the early Middle Ages, the late Middle Ages) the High Renaissance the Jazz Age the Mauve Decade the Middle Ages (but the medieval era) the Old Kingdom (ancient Egypt) the Old Regime (but the ancien régime) the Progressive Era the Reformation the Renaissance the Restoration the Roaring Twenties Names of prehistoric cultural periods are capitalized. Similar terms for modern periods are often lowercased (8.73).
10 Examples taken from 8.73: the Bronze Age the Ice Age the Iron Age the Stone Age the age of reason the age of steam the information age the nuclear age Nouns and adjectives designating cultural styles, movements, and schools artistic, architectural, musical, and so forth and their adherents are capitalized if derived from proper nouns. (The word school remains lowercased.) Others may be lowercased, though a few (e.g., Cynic, Scholastic, New Criticism) are capitalized to distinguish them from the generic words used in everyday speech. Some of the terms lowercased below may appropriately be capitalized in certain works if done consistently especially those that include the designation often capitalized in Webster s. (But if, for example, impressionism is capitalized in a work about art, other art movements must also be capitalized which could result in an undesirable profusion of capitals.) (8.78) Examples taken from 8.78: abstract expressionism Aristotelian art deco art nouveau baroque Beaux-Arts (derived from École des Beaux-Arts) camp Cartesian Chicago school (of architecture, of economics, of literary criticism) classicism, classical conceptualism cubism Cynicism; Cynic Dadaism; Dada deconstruction Doric Epicurean (see text below) existentialism fauvism formalism Gothic (but gothic fiction) Gregorian chant Hellenism Hudson River school humanism idealism imagism impressionism Keynesianism mannerism miracle play modernism mysticism; mystic naturalism neoclassicism; neoclassical Neoplatonism New Criticism nominalism op art Peripatetic (see text below)
11 philosophe (French) Platonism pop art postimpressionism postmodernism Pre-Raphaelite Reaganomics realism rococo Romanesque romanticism; romantic Scholasticism; Scholastic; Schoolmen scientific rationalism Sophist (see text below) Stoicism; Stoic (see text below) structuralism Sturm und Drang (but storm and stress) surrealism symbolism theater of the absurd transcendentalism Some words capitalized when used in reference to a school of thought are lowercased when used metaphorically (8.78). Examples taken from 8.78: epicurean tastes peripatetic families she s a sophist, not a logician a stoic attitude Index of capitalization standards for religious terms (Liturgical Press Style Guide): abba, amma Abba Moses abbey, abbot, abbess AD (Anno Domini) ad limina Advent season Advocate, the (Holy Spirit) agape (Greek: agap ) aggiornamento Agnus Dei agony in the garden, the Alexandrine Rite Alleluia (before gospel) All Saints, feast of All Saints Day All Souls Day almighty God Almighty, the Alpha and Omega (Christ) a.m., p.m. Ambrosian Rite, Missal, chant Amendment, First, etc. anamnesis anaphora ancient Near East angel Gabriel, the Angelus Anglican Church Anglican orders Annunciation, the (feast of) annunciation, the (to Mary) Anointed One (Christ) anointing, sacrament of ante-nicene Antichrist
12 Antiochene Rite antiphon Antiphonary, the Apocalypse, the Apocrypha, apocryphal apostle Paul, the apostles, the Apostles Creed Apostle to the Gentiles apostolic apostolic age apostolic blessing apostolic church apostolic constitution apostolic exhortation (by a pope) Apostolic Fathers Apostolic See archabbot archangel Michael, the archdiocese Archdiocese of Seattle archimandrite ark (Noah s) ark of the covenant Armenian Rite Ascension, the (feast of) ascension of Christ, the Asperges Assumption, the (feast of) assumption, the (of Mary) Athanasian Creed auxiliary bishop Ave Maria Babylonian captivity bachelor s degree (BA) baptism, sacrament of Baptist Church baptistery (also baptistry) BC (see CE or BCE) beatific vision Beatitudes, the Being (God) Beloved Disciple Benediction (of the Blessed Sacrament) Benedictus berakah (pl.: berakoth) Bible, biblical bishop(s) Bishop of Rome (the pope) Blessed Mother Blessed Sacrament Blessed Trinity Blessed Virgin blessing of palms, the Body and Blood of Christ (the Eucharist) Body of Christ (the church) book of Genesis, etc. Book of Hours Book of Mormon Book of the Covenant Bread of Life (Christ) breviary, a Breviary, the brief, papal brother, lay brother (religious) Buddhism, Buddhist bull, papal Byzantine (or: Greek) Rite Canaan, Canaanite canon (of the Code or of a council) (abbr.: c ; pl.: cc.) Canon (of the Mass) canonical Hours canon law canon of Scripture, the canticle Canticle of Zechariah, the captivity, the Captivity Epistles, the captivity of the Jews, the
13 cardinal cardinal-bishop cathedral Catholic Church, the Catholic Epistles Catholicism Catholic Worker Movement CE or BCE (Common Era or Before the Common Era; use in material dealing with Judaism or JewishChristian relations) Cenacle, the censor deputatus censor librorum Chair of Peter Chaldean Rite chapter (abbr.: chap., chaps.) chapter house charismatic renewal cherubim Chi-Rho chosen people, the chrism Mass Christ Child Christendom Christian Christian Era christianize* Christlike Christmas Day Christmas Eve Christmas season christological* Christology Christ the King Chronicler, the church, the (universal) church and state church fathers church of Antioch, the (local) church year, the City of David coadjutor bishop coauthor Code, the (1917; 1983) Code of Canon Law Code of the Covenant, the Codex Sinaiticus, Vaticanus, etc. collect college of bishops College of Cardinals Comforter, the (Holy Spirit) commandments, the (but: the Ten Commandments, the first commandment) Common of the Blessed Virgin Common of the Saints communal penance service Communion, Holy (when referring to the sacrament; Eucharist) communion antiphon communion of saints Compline concordat Confession of Augsburg confirmation, sacrament of Confiteor congregation (religious) consecration (of the Mass) consistory Constitution, the (U.S.) constitutions, papal or religious contrition, act of Coptic Rite council, the (Vatican II) council fathers Council of Jerusalem Council of Nicea Counter-Reformation covenant creation, the (of the world, etc.) creation, the (unmodified) Creator, the (God) Creed, the (Nicene, Athanasian)
14 cross (wooden object) cross, the (the event) cross-bearer crucifix crucifixion, the (of Jesus) Crusades, Crusaders Curia, the Roman; curial Day of Atonement (Yom Kippur) Day of Judgment Day of the Lord Daytime Prayer Dead Sea Scrolls Decalogue Deluge, the (the Flood) De profundis Desert Fathers or Mothers deuterocanonical Deutero-Isaiah (Second Isaiah) Deuteronomic Deuteronomic Code, the devil, the Diaspora (the event or the dispersed Jewish community) Diatessaron (Tatian s) Dies Irae diocesan see diocese Diocese of Duluth disciples dismissal (at Mass) Divine Liturgy, the (Eastern churches) Divine Office Divine Persons (the Trinity) Divine Praises, the Divine Providence (God) Divinity (personified) divinity, the (of Christ) Docetism Doctor of the Church doctor s degree (PhD) doctorate dominations Dormition, the (feast of) dormition, the (of Mary) doxology (greater, lesser) early church east, eastern (direction) East, Eastern, Easterner (region) Eastern church Eastern Rite Eastern-rite (adj.) Easter season Easter Vigil East Syrian Rite ecumenical council ecumenical movement editio typica Elohim Elohist Ember Days embolism Emmanuel (in Matthew) Emperor Nero (but: the emperor Nero) empire, the (but: the Persian/ Roman Empire) Encratites encyclical end time, the end-time (adj.) entrance antiphon, song Enuma Elish Ephphetha epiclesis Epiphany, the feast of Episcopal Church episcopal conference Epistle, the (of Jude, etc.) Epistles, Pastoral epistle(s), the eschatology, eschatological Essene(s)
15 Ethiopian Rite Eucharist, sacrament of eucharistic Eucharistic Prayer I, II, etc. (but: the eucharistic prayer) Euchologion, Euchology Evangeliary Evangelical, an (member of an Evangelical Church) evangelical counsels evangelist (writer of a gospel) Evening Prayer ex cathedra exile, the (Babylonian) exile of the Jews, the exodus, the (from Egypt) exodus of the Jews, the ex opere operantis ex opere operato Exsultet faith, the (Catholic) Fall, the (Adam) fall of Adam, the Father Smith (abbr.: Fr.) Father, the (God) fathers (of the church) fathers of the council feast day feast of Booths (Sukkot or Sukkoth) feast of Epiphany feast of the Immaculate Conception feast of Pentecost (Weeks) feast of Purim (Lots) feast of Tabernacles (Booths or Ingathering) feast of the Ascension feast of the Incarnation feast of the Nativity feast of Unleavened Bread (Passover) feria, ferial Fertile Crescent filioque First Communion First Friday First Letter of John, the First Person (of the Trinity) firstborn firstfruits Flood, the footwashing, the Forty Hours Devotion Fourth Evangelist, the (John) Fourth Gospel, the (John) Franciscan Order free will fundamentalism funeral Mass Garden of Eden Garden of Gethsemane (but: the Abbey of Gethsemani) Gelasian Sacramentary general absolution general chapter general intercessions (of Mass) Gentile (n. and adj.) Gethsemane, Garden of (but: the Abbey of Gethsemani) Gloria (of Mass) Glorious Mysteries (of the rosary) Glory to God (of Mass) gnosis (Greek: gnøsis) Gnosticism, Gnostic Godhead God-Man Good News, the Good Samaritan, the Good Shepherd, the Good Thief, the gospel music gospel (of the Mass; one of the four) Gospel of Matthew, etc. (title) Gospel (Good News) Gospel, the Fourth (John)
16 government, the (federal, etc.) gradual psalms (Pss ) Great Commandment, the (Matt 28:19) Great Schism, the Greco-Roman Greek Rite Gregorian chant (plainsong or plainchant) Gregorian Sacramentary guardian angel Hades Haggadah, haggadic Hail Mary (pl.: Hail Marys) Halakah, Halakic Hanukkah Hasidean Hasmonean Heart of Jesus Heart of Mary heaven hell Hellenism, Hellenistic hellenize Hemisphere, Western hermeneutics (sing.) hesychasm Hexapla Hexateuch High Church High Mass High Middle Ages high places (Heb.: bamoth) high priest High Priest (Christ) High Priestly Prayer, the Historical Books, the Holiness Code, the Holy Bible Holy Child Holy City, the (Jerusalem) Holy Communion holy day holy day of obligation Holy Eucharist Holy Family Holy Father (pope) Holy, Holy, Holy (of Mass) Holy Hour Holy Land Holy Mass holy of holies holy orders, sacrament of holy place, the (of the temple) holy places, the Holy Scripture Holy See, the Holy Sepulcher Holy Shroud, the Holy Spirit Holy Week holy year homily Host (consecrated) Hours, the (Divine Office) hypostatic union Immaculate Conception, the (feast of) immaculate conception, the (of Mary) Immanuel (in Isaiah) imprimatur incarnate Word incarnation, the (of Christ) infancy narratives infant Jesus, the institutes (religious or secular) instruction (by Holy See) internet* intratrinitarian invitatory Jerusalem Bible Jesus Prayer, the Johannine
17 Jordan River Valley Joyful Mysteries (of the rosary) Judea Judeo-Christian Judge, the (Christ) judgment (general, particular) Judgment Day Justinian Code Kaddish kenosis, kenotic kerygma Kiddush King James Version King of Glory King of Kings King of the Jews kingdom, northern (Israel) kingdom, southern (Judah) kingdom of God, the kingdom of heaven, the kingdom of Israel kingdom of Judah kingship of Christ kiss of peace koinē Kyrie (of Mass) Kyrios Lamb (Christ) Lamb of God (of Mass) Last Judgment Last Supper, the last things, the Latin Rite Latter-day Saints (Mormons) Lauds law, the (Mosaic) law of Holiness, the law of Moses Law, the Prophets, the Writings, the Law, the (Pentateuch) layperson (pl.: laypeople) lectio divina Lectionary, the (pl.: lectionaries) Lent, Lenten Lenten season Leonine Sacramentary letters of St. Paul letter to the Romans, the (but: the Letter of Paul to the Romans) Levites, Levitical liberation theology Light (Christ) Light of the World, the (Christ) Litany of the Saints Little Hours, the liturgical movement liturgical year liturgy Liturgy, Divine (Eastern Rites) Liturgy of St. Basil, etc. Liturgy of the Eucharist Liturgy of the Hours Liturgy of the Word living God logion (pl.: logia) Logos, the (Christ) Lord, Have Mercy (of Mass) Lord of Hosts Lord of Lords Lord s Day, the Lord s Prayer, the Lord s Supper, the lordship of Christ Loreto, Our Lady of Low Church Low Mass Lucifer Lukan Luminous Mysteries (of the rosary) Maccabees, Maccabean magi magisterium Magna Carta
18 Magnificat, the major orders Major Prophets, the Malabarese Rite mammon Manichean, Manicheanism Manual of Discipline, the Markan Maronite Rite marriage, sacrament of Masorete, Masoretic Mass Mass at Dawn (Christmas) Master (Christ) master of ceremonies master s degree (MA) Mater Dolorosa Matins matrimony, sacrament of Matthean Mediator (Christ) Melchizedek Melkite Rite mercy seat messiah, a Messiah, the (Christ) messiahship messianic metanoia metropolitan see Midafternoon Prayer Midday Prayer Middle Ages Midnight Mass midrash (pl.: midrashim) millenarianism millennial/ism/ist millennium ministry of the Word minor orders minor prophet, a Minor Prophets, the Miraculous Medal Miserere Mishnah, the missal, a Missal, the (Roman, etc.) Missale Romanum modernism monastic Office Monophysitism monsignor Morning Prayer Mosaic Law Most High, the Most Holy Trinity motherhood of Mary motherhouse Mother of God motu proprio Mount of Olives (Mount Olivet) Mount Sinai, Carmel, Zion, etc. Mozarabic Rite Muhammad Muslim(s), not Moslem(s) Mystical Body name of Christ, the name (of God), the Native American nativity, the (of Christ) natural family planning nature, divine Near East Negev (or Negeb) Neo-Babylonian Empire neoconservatism neo-pentecostalism neoplatonism* neoscholastic(ism)* New Adam (Christ)
19 New American Bible New City (part of Jerusalem) New English Bible new Jerusalem New Revised Standard Version New Testament New World, the New Year s Day Nicea (or: Nicaea) Nicene Creed Nicene Fathers Night Prayer nihil obstat Noah s ark non-catholic non-christian (n. and adj.) nondenominational None nonsectarian north (direction) North, the (region) northern kingdom (Israel) novice master Nunc Dimittis nuptial blessing nuptial Mass O antiphons octave offering of gifts offertory offertory hymn offertory procession Office, the (Divine) Office of Readings Office of the Dead oil of catechumens oil of the sick Old City (part of Jerusalem) Old Testament Omega, the Only-Begotten, the only-begotten Son, the opening prayer (of Mass) oration Order, Benedictine, etc. Order of Mass, New orders, holy (sacrament of) order(s), religious ordinal ordinary (bishop) Ordinary of the Mass Ordinary Time ordination ordo (pl.: ordines) Orient Orthodox Church Our Father, the our Lady our Lord Oxford Movement papal nuncio Papal States parable (of the Prodigal Son, etc.) Paraclete, the (Holy Spirit) paradise (heaven) Paradise (Garden of Eden) Parousia Pasch, the paschal paschal candle paschal lamb (Exodus) Paschal Lamb (Christ) paschal mystery Paschaltide Paschal Vigil passion, death, and resurrection of Jesus, the Passion Sunday passion narratives, the passion of Christ, the Passiontide Passover
20 Pastoral Epistles, the pastoral letter(s) (from hierarchy) Pastoral Letters, the (in Bible) Pater Noster patriarch(s) patriarchate patristic(s) patrology Pauline letters Paul the Apostle penance, sacrament of penitential psalm(s) penitential rite Pentateuch Pentecostal movement people of God, the pericope peritus, periti Person (First, Second, Third) Persons, Divine Pesach (Passover) petitions (at Mass) pharaoh, the (general) Pharaoh (used as name without article) Pharisees, Pharisaic phylacteries (tephillim) plainchant Plain of Esdraelon plainsong plēroma pneuma pontiff pontificate pope, a (general) pope, the (specific) Pope Benedict XVI postconciliar postexilic post-nicene post Nicene Fathers post Vatican II power of the keys powers prayer after Communion prayer book prayer of the faithful (of Mass) prayer over the gifts Preacher, the (Qoheleth) pre-christian Precursor, the (John the Baptist) preexilic preexistence preface (of Mass) preface of Epiphany, the Presbyterian Church Presentation, the (feast of) presentation of Jesus, the prie-dieu(s) priesthood of Christ Priestly Code, the Priestly writer, the Prime Prince of Peace (Christ) principalities prior, prioress Prodigal Son, the profession (solemn, simple) profession of faith Promised Land, the Promised One, the (Christ) Proper of the Saints, the Proper of the Season, the prophet, a prophet Isaiah, the Prophetic Books, the protocanonical Protoevangelium Providence (God) psalm(s)
21 psalmist, the psalmody Psalms, the (OT book) Psalter, the (the Psalms) pseudepigrapha publican(s) purgatory Purim Puritans Queen of Heaven Qur an (not Koran) rabbi(s), rabbinic(al) Rapture, the RCIA RCIC reading (first, second of Mass) Real Presence Received Text, the reconciliation, sacrament of Redeemer, the (Christ) redemption Red Mass Reform Judaism Reformation Reformed Reformers, the Regina Coeli reign of God, the religious, a (monk, nun, etc.) religious order(s) remnant, a Reproaches, the responsorial psalm responsory Resurrection, the (feast of) resurrection, the (of Christ) retreat house retreat master revelation Revised Standard Version risen Lord, the Rite (Latin, Roman, etc.) ritual Mass Rogation Days Roman Breviary Roman Canon Roman Catholic Church (when referring to the church of the Latin Rite) Roman Empire, the (but: the empire) Roman Martyrology Roman Missal Roman Pontifical Roman Rite Roman Ritual (book) Roman Rota Roman See, the rosary Rosh Hashana (preferred spelling for Jewish new year) rule, a monastic Rule, the (specific) Rule of St. Augustine Rule of St. Basil Rule of St. Benedict Rule of St. Francis Rule of the Master Ruler (Christ) Sabbath Sacramentary, the (pl.: sacramentaries) sacrament(s) sacramental(s) Sacred Heart Sacred Host Sacred Scripture Sadducee(s) saint (abbr.: St., Sts.) salvation history Sanctus (of Mass) Sanhedrin Satan, satanic Savior (Christ)
22 Schism, the Great schola cantorum scholasticism, scholastic(s)* scribe(s), the Scripture(s), scriptural Scripture, Holy scrutinies, the season (of Advent, etc.) Second Coming, the second coming of Christ, the Second Isaiah (DeuteroIsaiah) Second Person (of the Trinity) Second Vatican Council (first mention) Second World War Seder (meal) see, diocesan semi-pelagianism Semite, Semitic Septuagint (LXX) sequence (of Mass) seraphim Sermon on the Mount Servant (Christ) Servant, the (in Isaiah) Servant Songs (Isaiah) Session IV, Council of Trent Seven Sorrows of Our Lady Seventh-day Adventist Church Sext Shavuot (Jewish feast of Weeks) Shekinah Shema Sheol Shoah sign of peace sign of the cross sister (religious; use with article; abbr.: Sr.) Slavonic Rite solemn blessing song of ascents (Pss ) Son of David Son of God Son of Man son of Mary (Jesus) sonship (Jesus ) Sorrowful Mysteries (of the rosary) soteriology, soteriological south (direction) South, the (region) southern kingdom (Judah) Spirit, Holy Star of David Stations of the Cross Stoic(ism) subprior, subprioress Sukkot or Sukkoth (feast of Tabernacles) Suffering Servant, the (in Isaiah) suffragan bishop Summa Theologiae II-II, q. 83, a. 13 (abbr.: ST II-II, q. 83, a. 13) Sunday in Ordinary Time, Twenty-Second, etc. Sunday School Supreme Being, the supreme council (Sanhedrin) Symbol, the (Creed) synagogue synod Synoptic Gospels Synoptic Problem, the Synoptics, the Syrian Rite tabernacle, the (desert sanctuary) Tabernacles, feast of (Sukkot or Sukkoth) Talmud, Talmudic Tanak (or: Tanakh) Targum (of Onkelos, etc.) Teacher (Christ) Te Deum temple (of Jerusalem; Solomon s temple) Temple Mount
23 temptation, the temptation of Christ, the Ten Commandments, the Terce Tetragrammaton Textus Receptus Theodosian Code Third Isaiah (Trito-Isaiah) Third Person (of the Trinity) Thomism, Thomistic thrones Thummim titular see, bishop, church Torah tower of Babel tradition traditio symboli Transfiguration, the (feast of) transfiguration, the (of Christ) Transjordan transubstantiation tree of life tribes, the twelve Triduum, Sacred Trinity trinitarian triune God Twelve, the twelve apostles, the unchristian Upper Room, the Urim Valley of Jehoshaphat Vatican II (second mention) veneration of the Cross versicle Vespers Viaticum vicar general* Vicar of Christ (Pope) Victim, the (Christ) Victor, the (Christ) vigil Vigil of Pentecost, the Vine, the (Christ) Virgin, the (Mary) virgin birth Virgin Mary, the virtues (angels) Visitation, the (feast of) visitation, the (of Mary) votive Mass Vulgate (Bible), the wadi Wadi Qumran wake service washing of feet, the Way, the (Christ) Way, the Truth, and the Life, the (Christ) Way of the Cross web site* west, western (direction) West, Western (region) Western church Western Rites West Syrian Rite Wisdom literature Word Incarnate, the Word made flesh, the Word, the (Christ) Word, the (Scripture; but: The word of God came to me. ) worldview worshiping* Yad Vashem Yahwist, the Year A, B, C Year I, II Yhwh Yom Kippur (Day of Atonement)
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