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1 PI.'s"'1-SlttlllIl. bstili Market Implementation linda J. Clarke Strategist PJM Market Design y Supports many options for energy traders. balanced bilateral transactions (Le. scheduling coordinator) with no spot market backup. bilateral transactions with implicit spot market backup. submit flexible generation offers and demand bids y Two Settlement System. suppliers offer & customers bid day-ahead prices and quantities into PJM market (first settlement). suppliers offer in real-time market to supply incremental requirements (second settlement)

2 PJM Market Mechanisms» Supports a variety of financial contracts that are separate from the physical spot market )y Forward Energy Market. PJM Trading Hubs & NYMEX Contract. Day-ahead Market (Two-Settlement system). Financial Transmission Rights ).- Financial Energy Contracts. PJM eschedules 3 Market Liquidity Energy Volume at U.S Hubs 8,000 I ElMay.J.Jljyl 5,000 <,000 ~3,000 * Dow Jones Electricity Index.. PJM Settlements Data 2,000 1,000 PJMoWHub~ MidColumbia" Palo Verde" Clnergy" COB- FourComers* 4 2

3 What is Two-Settlement? It provides PJM Market Participants with the option to participate in a forward market for electric energy in PJM +consists of two markets +separate settlements performed for each market 5 Two-Settlement Markets y Day-aheadMarket. develop day-ahead schedule using least-cost security constrained unit commitment and security constrained economic dispatch programs. calculate hourly LMPs for next Operating Day using generation offers, demand bids, and bilateral transaction schedules y Real-time Energy Market. calculate hourly LMPs based on actual operating conditions

4 Two Settlements >- Day-ahead Market Settlement. based on scheduled hourly quantities and dayahead hourly prices. binding financial commitment >- Real-time Market Settlement. based on actual hourly quantity deviations from day-ahead schedule hourly quantities and on realtime prices 7 Fundamental Requirements

5 Day-ahead Market Mechanisms ).>Generation. submit offers. self-schedule ).>Demand Resources. submit fixed quantity & location. submit bids for price responsive load r Transactions. submit schedules into the day-ahead market. may specify maximum amount of congestion they are willing to pay ).>Financial. submit increment offer. submit decrement bid 9 Why Implement Two-Settlement? r To enhance robust & competitive market in PJ M Control Area ).>To provide additional price certainty to Market Participants by allowing them to.... commit & obtain commitments to energy prices & transmission congestion charges in advance of real-time dispatch (forward energy prices). submit price sensitive demand bids. inform PJM of maximum congestion charges it is willing to pay. submit increment offers & decrement bids 10 5

6 Fixed Transmission Rights )r-day-ahead LMPs are used to determine FTR economic value (FTR target Allocation) ).>Provide protection against day-ahead market congestion charges. apply only to day-ahead settlement. cannot provide financial hedging in both dayahead and balancing markets ).>Real-time market congestion charges can be hedged by submitting energy schedules in day-ahead market 11 FTRAuction Trading Volume ww --. _"'JIIR 'ti CD :; os! ~ :i 'ti ai o nnu.. I I I I ii On Peak & Off Peak I ~ ~ ~ 9,)'1> S) "" ~ S) S) ~ ~OJ r(oj~, 5:1 ~ ~ ~cs r(cs ~f/) )V C:J0'< ~o- )f/)~ ~'li ~f/) )V C:J0'< 12 6

7 PJM FTRAuction Summary May September 2000 ~ Total Bids Submitted - 26,043 ~ Total Bids Cleared - 5,336 ~ Total FTR MW Cleared - 70,231 ~ Total Auction Revenue - $3,699,076 ).-Percent of Congestion Charges Allocated Through FTRs % % % 13 Two Settlement Participation ~ participants trained 'Y 'Y 'Y PJM Members participating emkt Interface - over 1000 registered users Broad-based participation

8 Day-ahead vs Real-time Average LMPs For The Period 6/1/00-6/30/00... :IE /Iou. I~Day Ahead lmp Average _Real Time lmp Average I Dav-ahead vs Real-time Averaae Load For The Period 6/1/00-6/30/ Hour I Day Ahead load Average _Real Time Load Average I

9 a HOUR I---Day-Ahead load ~Real.1ime Load-.-Day AheadLMP x..-real TimeLMPI 17!!gJ 'DrL Dr':=J.'JJJ.JJf' _ ' I I Ir.>t--...)f, / '\). 20 " W " ~ ~ M ~ ~ D ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~R 1 DayAheadLoad -+- RealTimeLoad-+- DayAheadLMP...K RealTimeLMP

10 Successful Regulation Market Implementation >- Prior to implementation. insufficient regulation available in some situations >- Post implementation observations. sufficient regulation available. purchase price remained the same. significant improvement in system control >- Results. Reduced transaction notification times. Evaluating regulation requirements 19 Regulation Market Prices 1 $20 j $10 $40_... $30..Opportunity Cost Payments Regulation Market Clearing Price ~ $0 Jan-OO Feb-OOMar-OOApr-OOMay-OOJun-OO Jul-OOAug-OO

11 Questions? P.JMCustomer Relations & Training Telephone: (610) Fax: (610) World wide web: 11

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