1 Towards Longer, Better, and More Active Lives -Building Mutual Assisted Living Community for Elder People Hong Sun University of Antwerp, PATS Group Interdisciplinary institute for BroadBand Technology (IBBT)
2 Brief Introduction My topic is about the vision of providing a seamless integration of human power and assistive devices to help the independent living of our elder generation. The goal is to build up an online mutual assistance community to provide the elder people with longer, better, and more active lives. In such a community, social connections will be enhanced, dependence on societal resources will be reduced, and the elder people are expected to have a more active attitude.
3 Challenges we are currently facing The proportion of elderly people keeps increasing Daily activities of these elderly people are hampered by aging Percentage of people hampered in daily activities, by age [EUROSTAT ] These elderly people need assistance to maintain their independent lives. 3
4 Ambient Assisted Living A concept aiming at prolonging the time, people can live in a decent way in their own flat by increasing their autonomy and self-confidence, the discharge of monotonously everyday activities, to monitor and care for the elderly or ill person, to enhance the security and to save resources. -from Article 169 (of the EC treaty), Responding to the needs of Europe's growing ageing population, the Commission has today adopted a European Action Plan for "Ageing Well in the Information Society". - e-inclusion :: Ageing Well in the Information Society
5 How to assist these aging people?
6 How to assist these aging people? Nobody wants to be taken care of only by a bunch of cold metals Risto Karlsson (Printed in Helsingin Sanomat )
7 How to assist these aging people? Solution = Technologies + Interactions of human beings Philips Smart Environment Scenario
8 Human Tasks in Ambient Assisted Living The (assistive) devices are not useful if not combined with services and formal or informal support and help (from human beings) - AAL country report of Finland I share this view and deem that human resource is indispensable in Ambient Assisted Living. Assistances from informal carer may help to provide needed services in a prompt and cost effective way. And also keep the social connection of the elder people to the outside world.
9 Mutual Assistance Community Informal service provider Commercial vender ABC Shop OSGI bundle OSGI Gateway Create OWL-S Smart devices Access OSGI bundle OSGI bundle Service Request OWL-S service publication Coordination center OWL-S Matcher OWL-S service publication OWL-S service publication Doctor (professional) A smart house Community 9
10 Combine Technologies Together Smart Devices SOA Adaptive Human Computer Interface Mutual Assistance Community Human Task Computation Virtual Reality Semantic Description Matching
11 Smart D evi ces Service Oriented Architecture SOA Mutual Assistance Community Adaptive Human C om put er Interface Service Registry Service Description Human Task C om put at i on Semantic Description Matching Virtual Reality Service Consumer Find Bind and invoke Publish Service Provider Service Service Description Service Oriented Architecture (SOA) is a paradigm for organizing and utilizing distributed capabilities that may be under the control of different ownership domains. SOA also allow different applications to participate in business processes. These functions are loosely coupled with the operating systems underlying the applications.
12 Smart D evi ces Human Tasks Computation SOA Mutual Assistance Community Adaptive Human C om put er Interface Web Services Human Task (WS-HumanTask), Version 1.0, June, 2007 Provides a notation, state diagram and API for human tasks, as well a coordination protocol that allows interaction with human tasks in a more service-oriented fashion and at the same time controls tasks autonomy. Human Task Computation C i on Semantic Description M at chi ng Virtual Reality WS-BPEL Extension for People (BPEL4People), Version 1.0, June, 2007 Introduces an Extension to BPEL in order to support a broad range of scenarios that involve people within business processes. Human tasks are services implemented by people. They allow the integration of humans in service-oriented applications.
13 13 Smart Devices SDM-Building ontology SOA Mutual Assistance Communi ty A dapt i ve Human C om put er Interface Human Task Computation Virtual Reality Semantic D escr i pt i on Matching Ontology library should be pre-built so that the objects could be used for service description. An ontology library defines objects and the relationship between certain objects, such as parent class, etc. There are some ontology libraries existing, but for the mutual assistance community we require a customized ontology library for its service description.
14 Smart Devices SDM-Service Service Description SOA Mutual Assistance Communi ty A dapt i ve Human C om put er Interface Human Task Computation Virtual Reality Semantic D escr i pt i on Matching Define inputs/outputs Specify OWL (Web Ontology Language) library 14
15 Smart Devices SDM-Service Service Matching SOA Mutual Assistance Communi ty A dapt i ve Human C om put er Interface Human Task Computation Virtual Reality Semantic D escr i pt i on Matching Setting Matching Requirements 15
16 Smart Devices Media Technologies-Virtual Reality SOA Mutual Assistance Communi ty A dapt i ve Human C om put er Interface Human Task Computation Virtual Reality Semantic D escr i pt i on Matching Second Life Google Earth You Tube Towards building up online virtual community for mutual assisted living.
17 Smart Human Computer Interface SOA Devices Mutual Assistance Communi ty A dapt i ve Human C om put er Interface Human Task Computation Virtual Reality Semantic D escr i pt i on Matching Interactive TV, etc.
18 Scenario Request stored in service center Required service: Walk with someone. Location: Some park, Antwerp. Deadline: 7pm, 1st, August, Service model: Participant of Group Activities, or help from informal carer. Service Matching Required service: Walk with someone. Location: Middelheim park, Antwerp. Deadline: 8pm, 1st, August, Service model: Participant of Group Activities. Request Join Mary? Join Kate? NA Request Interactive TV Join Kate? Yes Walk in park Request NA Kate Setting Matching Requirements Bind, take activity together Yes Mary 18
19 Role Transition Passively receive help; dependant on assistances; frustration, unhappy. Actively participate in group activities; less assistance is required; more independence & happy. Actively participate in group activities; provide answers/ advices to the online people in need. Living creatively; degree of satisfaction improved as finding themselves useful. Feeling very happy!
20 Conclusion Human services are indispensable to provide high quality services to elder people; informal carers are important! Mutual assistance community, which integrate the human power and assistive devices, may provide better services to the elder people than ever before. Societal resources may also be greatly saved! Elder people may greatly improve their satisfaction, and live in more active ways! Technology is now ready! Actions are now required!
21 Turning the silver challenge into a golden opportunity! -Frans de Bruïne, Director ICT addressing Societal Challenges, DG Information Society and Media
22 Publications Towards Building Virtual Community for Ambient Assisted Living H. Sun, V. De Florio, N. Gui & C. Blondia in the Proceedings of 16th Euromicro International Conference on Parallel, Distributed and networkbased Processing (PDP2008). IEEE Computer Society, Service Matching in Online Community for Mutual Assisted Living H. Sun, V. De Florio, N. Gui & C. Blondia in the Proceedings of the third International Conference on Signal-Image Technology & Internet Based Systems(SITIS' 2007 ). IEEE Computer Society, Participant: A New Concept for Optimally Assisting the Elder People H. Sun, V. De Florio, N. Gui & C. Blondia in the Proceedings of the 20th IEEE International Symposium on Computer-Based Medical Systems (CBMS-2007), IEEE Computer Society, 2007.p A Service-oriented Infrastructure Approach for Mutual Assistance Communities N. Gui, H. Sun, V. De Florio & C. Blondia in the Proc. of the First IEEE WoWMoM Workshop on Adaptive and DependAble Mission- and businesscritical mobile Systems (ADAMUS 2007), IEEE Computer Society, 2007.p.1-6 A Design Tool to Reason about Ambient Assisted Living Systems H. Sun, V. De Florio & C. Blondia in the Proc. of the International Conference on Intelligent Systems Design and Applications (ISDA 06), IEEE Computer Society, 2006.p I would like to thank for the contributions from my promoters: Vincenzo De Florio, Chris Blondia; and my colleague Ning Gui.
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