1 METHODOLOGIES FOR ADDRESSING RISKS AND OPPORTUNITIES ENGENDERED BY BIG DATA: THE BYTE PROJECT Rachel L. Finn, Hayley Watson, Kush Wadhwa, Arild Waaler, Ahmet Soylu, Guillermo Vega-Gorgojo, Hans Lammerant, Stephane Grumbach and Scott Cunningham Critical Explorations of Data and Security Workshop, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, USA Nov 2013
2 Big data in Europe 2 A Google search for big data generates more than 1.5 billion hits. Neelie Kroes, VP for Digital Agenda- Data is the new gold European governments could save more than 100 billion in efficiency improvements using big data. Europe has been relatively slow to adapt to the changes and opportunities posed by big data. All the big players are US-based Policy push to maximise the social and economic potential of ICT (Digital Agenda for Europe)
3 European big data research 3 Horizon 2020 Security Forensics prosecuting cyber-crime and identifying trends Privacy big data, cloud services, internet of things, etc. ICT Big data and open data innovation Advancing big data analytical tools Excellent Science E-infrastructures for big data Focus on innovation, capacities and competitiveness
4 BYTE project 4 Big data roadmap and cross-disciplinary community for addressing societal Externalities (BYTE) project Define research efforts and policy measures necessary for responsible participation in the big data economy 1. Consider positive and negative societal externalities associated with big data 2. Generate a big data vision for Design a research and policy roadmap 4. Build the big data community to monitor progress
5 Project details 5 Jan 2014 Dec 2016; 36 months 2.25 million 11 Partners
6 What are externalities? 6 The effects of a decision by stakeholders (e.g., governments, industry, scientists, policy-makers) that have an impact on a third party (especially members of the public). May be positive or negative Economic Legal Social & Ethical Political Boost to the economy Innovation Smaller actors left behind Shrink economies Privacy Data protection Data ownership Copyright Transparency Discrimination Methodological difficulties Spurious relationships Reliance on US services Services have become utilities Legal issues become trade issues Public opinion surveys reveal that citizens are concerned about many of these issues, especially privacy and data protection.
7 Case studies 7 Environmental data European Space Agency Global Monitoring for Environment and Security Commercial data Google Utilities / Smart Cities Siemens Energy Statoil Health GOSgene Initiative, University College London Transport SNCF Cultural Data The European Library
8 BYTE Vision 8 Foresighting exercises to create a broadly based vision of big data and its impacts Involve key stakeholders Representatives from government, industry, academia, political advocacy groups and the media Eye towards the short term (5 years) and the 2020 goals of the Digital Agenda for Europe Current externalities as well as potential externalities
9 BYTE Roadmap & community 9 Research and policy roadmap Involve the same key stakeholders Series of incremental steps to achieve the vision Steered, monitored and updated by the big data community (Please join!)
10 Responsible big data? 10 Big data is here to stay! Industry, government and education cannot ignore these new capabilities if they wish to remain competitive in the global market. BYTE focus on commercial activities Precedent setting for government surveillance Externalities already in evidence can harm the inter-relationships between industry, the government and citizen-consumers.
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