1 Digital Imaging and Communications in Medicine (DICOM) Part 11: Media Storage Application Profiles Published by National Electrical Manufacturers Association 1300 N. 17th Street Rosslyn, Virginia USA Copyright 2011 by the National Electrical Manufacturers Association. All rights including translation into other languages, reserved under the Universal Copyright Convention, the Berne Convention for the Protection of Literacy and Artistic Works, and the International and Pan American Copyright Conventions.
2 Page 2 NOTICE AND DISCLAIMER The information in this publication was considered technically sound by the consensus of persons engaged in the development and approval of the document at the time it was developed. Consensus does not necessarily mean that there is unanimous agreement among every person participating in the development of this document. NEMA standards and guideline publications, of which the document contained herein is one, are developed through a voluntary consensus standards development process. This process brings together volunteers and/or seeks out the views of persons who have an interest in the topic covered by this publication. While NEMA administers the process and establishes rules to promote fairness in the development of consensus, it does not write the document and it does not independently test, evaluate, or verify the accuracy or completeness of any information or the soundness of any judgments contained in its standards and guideline publications. NEMA disclaims liability for any personal injury, property, or other damages of any nature whatsoever, whether special, indirect, consequential, or compensatory, directly or indirectly resulting from the publication, use of, application, or reliance on this document. NEMA disclaims and makes no guaranty or warranty, expressed or implied, as to the accuracy or completeness of any information published herein, and disclaims and makes no warranty that the information in this document will fulfill any of your particular purposes or needs. NEMA does not undertake to guarantee the performance of any individual manufacturer or seller s products or services by virtue of this standard or guide. In publishing and making this document available, NEMA is not undertaking to render professional or other services for or on behalf of any person or entity, nor is NEMA undertaking to perform any duty owed by any person or entity to someone else. Anyone using this document should rely on his or her own independent judgment or, as appropriate, seek the advice of a competent professional in determining the exercise of reasonable care in any given circumstances. Information and other standards on the topic covered by this publication may be available from other sources, which the user may wish to consult for additional views or information not covered by this publication. NEMA has no power, nor does it undertake to police or enforce compliance with the contents of this document. NEMA does not certify, test, or inspect products, designs, or installations for safety or health purposes. Any certification or other statement of compliance with any health or safety related information in this document shall not be attributable to NEMA and is solely the responsibility of the certifier or maker of the statement.
3 Page 3 CONTENTS NOTICE AND DISCLAIMER... 2 CONTENTS... 3 FOREWORD Scope and field of application Normative References Definitions REFERENCE MODEL DEFINITIONS DICOM INTRODUCTION AND OVERVIEW DEFINITIONS DICOM CONFORMANCE DICOM INFORMATION OBJECT DEFINITIONS DICOM DATA STRUCTURE AND ENCODING DEFINITIONS DICOM MESSAGE EXCHANGE DEFINITIONS DICOM MEDIA STORAGE AND FILE FORMAT DEFINITIONS MEDIA STORAGE APPLICATION PROFILES Application Profile Class Symbols and abbreviations Conventions Purpose of an Application Profile requirements Structure of application profile CLASS AND PROFILE IDENTIFICATION - SECTION X CLINICAL CONTEXT - SECTION X ROLES AND SERVICE CLASS OPTIONS SECTION X GENERAL CLASS PROFILE - SECTION X SOP CLASSES AND TRANSFER SYNTAXES - SECTION X PHYSICAL MEDIA AND MEDIA FORMATS - SECTION X DIRECTORY INFORMATION IN DICOMDIR - SECTION X OTHER PARAMETERS - SECTION X SPECIFIC APPLICATION PROFILES - SECTION X.4 AND FOLLOWING SECURITY PARAMETERS - SECTION X Annex A Basic Cardiac X-ray Angiographic Application Profile (Normative) A.1 CLASS AND PROFILE IDENTIFICATION A.2 CLINICAL CONTEXT A Roles and service class options A FILE SET CREATOR A FILE SET READER A FILE SET UPDATER A.3 STD-XABC-CD BASIC CARDIAC PROFILE A SOP classes and transfer syntaxes... 18
4 Page 4 A Physical media and media formats A Directory information in DICOMDIR A ADDITIONAL KEYS A ICON IMAGES A Other parameters A IMAGE ATTRIBUTE VALUES A ATTRIBUTE VALUE PRECEDENCE Annex B (Normative) X-ray Angiographic Application Profile B.1 CLASS AND PROFILE IDENTIFICATION B.2 CLINICAL CONTEXT B Roles and Service Class Options B File Set Creator B File Set Reader B File Set Updater B.3 STD-XA1K APPLICATION PROFILE CLASS REQUIREMENTS B SOP Classes and Transfer Syntaxes B Physical Media And Media Formats B Directory Information in DICOMDIR B Additional Keys B Icon Images B Other Parameters B Image Attribute Values B Multiframe JPEG Format B Attribute Value Precedence Annex C Ultrasound Application Profile (Normative) C.1 CLASS AND PROFILE IDENTIFICATION C.2 CLINICAL CONTEXT C Roles C FILE SET CREATOR C FILE SET READER C FILE SET UPDATER C.3 GENERAL CLASS PROFILE C Abstract and Transfer Syntaxes C Ultrasound Single and Multi-frame Pixel Formats Supported C Physical Media And Media Formats C DICOMDIR...31 C Additional Keys C File Component lds C.4 SPATIAL CALIBRATION (SC) CLASS REQUIREMENTS C.5 COMBINED CALIBRATION (CC) CLASS REQUIREMENTS Annex D (Normative) - General Purpose CD-R, DVD and BD Interchange Profiles D.1 PROFILE IDENTIFICATION D.2 CLINICAL CONTEXT D Roles and Service Class Options D File Set Creator D File Set Reader D File Set Updater D.3 STD-GEN PROFILE CLASS D SOP Classes and Transfer Syntaxes D Physical Medium And Medium Format D Directory Information in DICOMDIR... 36
5 Page 5 D Additional Keys D Attribute value precedence D Other Parameters D Security Parameters Annex E (Normative) - CT and MR Image Application Profiles E.1 PROFILE IDENTIFICATION E.2 CLINICAL CONTEXT E Roles and Service Class Options E File Set Creator E File Set Reader E File Set Updater E.3 STD-CTMR PROFILES E SOP Classes and Transfer Syntaxes E Physical Medium And Medium Format E Directory Information in DICOMDIR E Additional Keys E Localizer Related Attributes E Icon Images E Other Parameters E Image Attribute Values E Attribute Value Precedence Annex F (Normative) - Waveform Diskette Interchange Profile Annex G (Normative) - General Purpose MIME Interchange Profile G.1 PROFILE IDENTIFICATION G.2 CLINICAL CONTEXT G ROLES AND SERVICE CLASS OPTIONS G File Set Creator G File Set Reader G.3 STD-GEN-MIME PROFILE G SOP Classes and Transfer Syntaxes G Physical Medium and Medium Format G Directory Information in DICOMDIR G Additional Keys Annex H (Normative) - General Purpose DVD with Compression Interchange Profiles H.1 PROFILE IDENTIFICATION H.2 CLINICAL CONTEXT H Roles and Service Class Options H File Set Creator H File Set Reader H File Set Updater H.3 STD-GEN-DVD AND STD-GEN-SEC-DVD PROFILE CLASSES H SOP Classes and Transfer Syntaxes H Physical Medium And Medium Format H Directory Information in DICOMDIR H Additional Keys H Other Parameters H Multiframe JPEG Format H Security Parameters Annex I (Normative) - DVD MPEG2 Interchange Profiles I.1 PROFILE IDENTIFICATION... 55
6 Page 6 I.2 CLINICAL CONTEXT I Roles and Service Class Options I File Set Creator I File Set Reader I File Set Updater I.3 STD-DVD-MPEG2-MPML AND STD-DVD-SEC-MPEG2-MPML PROFILE CLASSES I SOP Classes and Transfer Syntaxes I Physical Medium And Medium Format I Directory Information in DICOMDIR I Additional Keys I Security Parameters I Dual-format (Informative) Annex J (Normative) - General Purpose USB and Flash Memory with Compression Interchange Profiles59 J.1 PROFILE IDENTIFICATION J.2 CLINICAL CONTEXT J Roles and Service Class Options J File Set Creator J File Set Reader J File Set Updater J.3 STD-GEN-USB, STD-GEN-SEC-USB, STD-GEN-MMC, STD-GEN-SEC-MMC, STD-GEN- CF, STD-GEN-SEC-CF, STD-GEN-SD AND STD-GEN-SEC-SD PROFILE CLASSES J SOP Classes and Transfer Syntaxes J Physical Medium And Medium Format J Directory Information in DICOMDIR J Additional Keys J Other Parameters J Multiframe JPEG Format J Security Parameters Annex K Dental Application Profile (Normative) K.1 CLASS AND PROFILE IDENTIFICATION K.2 CLINICAL CONTEXT K Roles K FILE SET CREATOR K FILE SET READER K FILE SET UPDATER K.3 GENERAL CLASS PROFILE K SOP Classes and Transfer Syntaxes K Physical media and media formats K Directory information in DICOMDIR K Other Parameters K IMAGE ATTRIBUTE VALUES K IMAGE ATTRIBUTE SPECIALIZATION Annex L (Normative) ZIP File over Interchange Profiles L.1 PROFILE IDENTIFICATION L.2 CLINICAL CONTEXT L Roles L File Set Creator L File Set Reader L File Set Updater L.3 GENERAL CLASS PROFILE L STD-GEN-ZIP-MAIL and STD-GEN-SEC-ZIP-MAIL Abstract and Transfer Syntaxes... 71
7 Page 7 L Medium Format L Directory Information in DICOMDIR L Additional Keys L Secure Transport L.4 DENTAL CLASS PROFILE L STD-DTL-SEC-ZIP-MAIL Abstract and Transfer Syntaxes L Medium Format L Directory Information in DICOMDIR L Additional Keys L Specific Image Requirements for STD-DTL-SEC-ZIP-MAIL L Secure Transport Annex M (Normative) - General Purpose BD with compression Interchange Profiles M.1 PROFILE IDENTIFICATION M.2 CLINICAL CONTEXT M Roles and Service Class Options M File Set Creator M File Set Reader M File Set Updater M.3 STD-GEN-BD AND STD-GEN-SEC-BD PROFILE CLASSES M SOP Classes and Transfer Syntaxes M Physical Medium And Medium Format M Directory Information in DICOMDIR M Additional Keys M Other Parameters M Multiframe JPEG Format M Security Parameters... 79
8 Page 8 FOREWORD This DICOM Standard was developed according to the procedures of the DICOM Standards Committee. The DICOM Standard is structured as a multi-part document using the guidelines established in the following document: ISO/IEC Directives, 1989 part 3 - Drafting and Presentation of International Standards. PS 3.1 should be used as the base reference for the current parts of this Standard.
9 Page 9 1 Scope and field of application This part of the DICOM Standard specifies application specific subsets of the DICOM Standard to which an implementation may claim conformance. Such a conformance statement applies to the interoperable interchange of medical images and related information on storage media for specific clinical uses. It follows the framework, defined in PS 3.10, for the interchange of various types of information on storage media. This part is related to other parts of the DICOM Standard in that: - PS 3.2,, specifies the general rules for assuring interoperability, which are applied for media interchange through the Application Profiles of this part - PS 3.3, Information Object Definitions, specifies a number of Information Object Definitions (e.g., various types of images) that may be used in conjunction with this part. It also defines a medical Directory structure to facilitate access to the objects stored on media - PS 3.4, Service Class Specifications, specifies the Media Storage Service Class upon which Application Profiles are built - PS 3.5, Data Structure and Encoding, addresses the encoding rules necessary to construct a Data Set that is encapsulated in a file as specified in PS PS 3.6, Data Dictionary, contains an index by Tag of all Data Elements related to the Attributes of Information Objects defined in PS3.3. This index includes the Value Representation and Value Multiplicity for each Data Element - PS 3.10, Media Storage and File Formats for Media Interchange, standardizes the overall open Storage Media architecture used by this part, including the definition of a generic File Format, a Basic File Service and a Directory concept - PS 3.12, Media Formats and Physical Media, defines a number of standard Physical Media and corresponding Media Formats. These Media Formats and Physical Media selections are referenced by one or more of the Application Profiles of this part. PS 3.12 is intended to be extended as the technologies related to Physical Medium evolve - PS 3.15, Security Profiles defines a number of profiles for use with Secure DICOM Media Storage Application Profiles. The Media Storage Security Profiles specify the cryptographic techniques to be used for each Secure DICOM File in a Secure Media Storage Application Profile. 2 Normative References The following standards contain provisions that, through reference in this text, constitute provisions of this Standard. At the time of publication, the editions indicated were valid. All standards are subject to revision, and parties to agreements based on this Standard are encouraged to investigate the possibilities of applying the most recent editions of the standards indicated below. ISO/IEC Directives, 1989 part 3 - Drafting and presentation of international standards. ISO , Information Processing Systems - Open Systems Interconnection - Basic Reference Model. ISO , Information processing systems - Open Systems Interconnection - Basic reference Model - Part 2: Security Architecture
10 Page 10 ISO 8859, Information Processing - 8-bit single-byte coded graphic character sets - part 1: Latin Alphabet No. 1. RFC-2630, Cryptographic Message Syntax, June Definitions For the purposes of this standard the following definitions apply. 3.1 REFERENCE MODEL DEFINITIONS This part of the Standard is based on the concepts developed in ISO and makes use of the following terms defined in it: a) Application Entity b) Service or Layer Service c) Transfer Syntax This Part of the Standard makes use of the following terms defined in ISO : a. Data Confidentiality The definition is the property that information is not made available or disclosed to unauthorized individuals, entities or processes. b. Data Origin Authentication The definition is the corroboration that the source of data received is as claimed. c. Data Integrity The definition is the property that data has not been altered or destroyed in an unauthorized manner. d. Key Management The definition is the generation, storage, distribution, deletion, archiving and application of keys in accordance with a security policy. 3.2 DICOM INTRODUCTION AND OVERVIEW DEFINITIONS This part of the Standard makes use of the following terms defined in PS 3.1 of the DICOM Standard: - Attribute 3.3 DICOM CONFORMANCE This part of the Standard makes use of the following terms defined in PS 3.2 of the DICOM Standard: a)
11 Page 11 b) Standard SOP Class c) Standard Extended SOP Class d) Specialized SOP Class e) Private SOP Class f) Standard Application Profile g) Augmented Application Profile h) Private Application Profile 3.4 DICOM INFORMATION OBJECT DEFINITIONS This part of the Standard makes use of the following terms defined in PS 3.3 of the DICOM Standard: a) Information Object Definition b) Basic Directory IOD c) Basic Directory Information Model 3.5 DICOM DATA STRUCTURE AND ENCODING DEFINITIONS This part of the standard makes use of the following terms defined in PS 3.5 of the DICOM Standard: a) Data Element b) Data Set 3.6 DICOM MESSAGE EXCHANGE DEFINITIONS This part of the Standard makes use of the following terms defined in PS 3.7 of the DICOM Standard: a) Service Object Pair (SOP) Class b) Service Object Pair (SOP) Instance c) Implementation Class UID 3.7 DICOM MEDIA STORAGE AND FILE FORMAT DEFINITIONS This part of the standard makes use of the following terms defined in PS 3.10 of the DICOM Standard: a) Application Profile b) DICOM File Format c) DICOM File Service d) DICOM File e) DICOMDIR File f) File g) File ID h) File Meta Information i) File-set j) Media Storage Model k) Secure DICOM File l) Secure Media Storage Application Profile
12 Page MEDIA STORAGE APPLICATION PROFILES This part of the DICOM Standard uses the following definitions: Application Profile Class A group of related Application Profiles defined in a single annex to this part. 4 Symbols and abbreviations The following symbols and abbreviations are used in this part of the standard. ACC ACR AP ASCII AE ANSI BD CEN TC 251 American College of Cardiology American College of Radiology Application Profile American Standard Code for Information Interchange Application Entity American National Standards Institute Blu-ray Disc TM (that is a trademark of Blu-ray Disc TM Association) Comite Europeen de Normalisation - Technical Committee Medical Informatics CF Compact Flash card DICOM Digital Imaging and Communications in Medicine DVD A trademark of the DVD Forum that is not an abbreviation FSC File-set Creator FSR File-set Reader FSU File-set Updater HL7 Health Level 7 IEEE Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers IETF Internet Engineering Taskforce IS&C Image Save and Carry ISO International Standards Organization ID Identifier IOD Information Object Definition JIRA Japan Industries Association of Radiological Systems MIME Multipurpose Internet Mail Extension MMC Multimedia Card NEMA National Electrical Manufacturers Association OSI Open Systems Interconnection RFC Request for Comments SD Secure Digital card SMTP Simple Mail Transfer Protocol SOP Service-Object Pair TCP/IP Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol UDF Universal Disk Format
13 Page 13 UID Unique Identifier USB Universal Serial Bus VR Value Representation 5 Conventions Words are capitalized in this document to help the reader understand that these words have been previously defined in Section 3 of this document and are to be interpreted with that meaning. 6 Purpose of an Application Profile An Application Profile is a mechanism for selecting an appropriate set of choices from the parts of DICOM for the support of a particular media interchange application. Application Profiles for commonly used interchange scenarios, such as inter-institutional exchange of x-ray cardiac angiographic examinations, or printing ultrasound studies from recordable media, are meant to use the flexibility offered by DICOM without resulting in so many media and format choices that interchange is compromised. Media interchange applications claim conformance to one or more Media Storage Application Profiles. Two implementations that conform to identical Application Profiles and support complementary File-set roles (e.g. an FSC interchanging media with an FSR) are able to exchange SOP Instances (pieces of DICOM information) on recorded media within the context of those Application Profiles. A DICOM Application Profile specifies: a. which SOP Classes and options must be supported, including any required extensions, specializations, or privatizations b. for each SOP Class, which Transfer Syntaxes may be used c. what information should be included in the Basic Directory IOD d. which Media Storage Service Class options may be utilized e. which roles an application may take: File-set Creator, File-set Reader, and/or File-set Updater f. which physical media and corresponding media formats must be supported g. whether or not the DICOM Files in the File-set shall be Secure DICOM Files h. which Media Storage Security Profile must be used for the creation of Secure DICOM Files and any additional conformance requirements. The result of making the necessary choices means that the Application Profile can be thought of as a vertical path through the various parts of DICOM that begins with choices of information to be exchanged and ends at the physical medium. Figure 6-1 shows the relationship between the concepts used in an Application Profile and the parts of DICOM.
14 Page 14 requirements PS 3.2 PS 3.3 PS 3.4 PS 3.5 PS 3.10 PS 3.12 PS 3.15 Information Object Definitions Service Classes Transfer Syntax File Format, Directory Medium Format, Physical Medium Security Profile Parts of DICOM PS 3.11: Application Profile Figure 6-1 RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN AN APPLICATION PROFILE AND PARTS OF DICOM An Application Profile is organized into the following major parts: a. The name of the Application Profile, or the list of Application Profiles grouped in a related class b. A description of the clinical context of the Application Profile c. The definition of the Media Storage Service Class with the device Roles for the Application Profile and associated options d. Informative section describing the operational requirements of the Application Profile e. Specification of the SOP Classes and associated IODs supported and the Transfer Syntaxes to be used f. The selection of Media Format and Physical Media to be used g. If the Directory Information Module is used, the description of the minimum subset of the Information Model required h. Other parameters that need to be specified to ensure interoperable media interchange i. Security parameters that select the cryptographic techniques to be used with Secure Media Storage Application Profiles The structure of DICOM and the design of the Application Profile mechanism is such that extension to additional SOP Classes and new exchange media is straightforward. 7 requirements Implementations may claim conformance to one or more PS 3.11 Application Profiles in a as outlined in PS 3.2. NOTE : Additional specific conformance requirements for an Application Profile may be listed in the Application Profile definition.
15 Page 15 8 Structure of application profile Application Profiles specific to various clinical areas are defined in the annexes to this part. Each Annex defines an Application Profile Class related to a single area of medical practice, e.g., cardiology, or to a single functional context, e.g., image transfer to a printer system. Several specific Application Profiles may be defined in each Application Profile class, and an identification scheme is established to label each specific Application Profile. An example of an Application Profile structure is provided in below. The section identifier "X" should be replaced by the identifier of the annex. CLASS AND PROFILE IDENTIFICATION - SECTION X.1 Section X.1 of the Application Profile defines the class and specific Application Profiles in that class. This section assigns an identifier to each Application Profile of the form ttt-x...x-y...y, where ttt indicates the type of Application Profile, "x...x" is an abbreviation of a significant term for the clinical context and "y...y" is a significant term for a distinguishing feature of the specific Application Profile. The ttt type term shall be one of STD, AUG, or PRI, indicating whether the Application Profile is a Standard, Augmented, or Private Application Profile respectively (see PS 3.2). Identifiers shall be written such that they may be encoded with LO (Long String) Value Representation (see PS 3.5). s may use the earlier prefix of APL, which is equivalent to STD. This use is deprecated and may be retired in future versions of the standard. CLINICAL CONTEXT - SECTION X.2 Section X.2 of the Application Profile shall describe the clinical need for the interchange of medical images and related information on storage media, and its context of application. This section shall not require any specific functionality of the Application Entities exchanging information using media interchange beyond their capabilities in the roles of File-set Creator, File-set Reader, and File-set Updater. NOTE : This Section does not, for example, place any graphical presentation or performance requirements on workstations that read DICOM interchange media. Such requirements are beyond the scope of a DICOM Media Storage Application Profile. The requirements that fall within the scope of an Application Profile are the specific functional storage media interchange capabilities associated with the defined roles. ROLES AND SERVICE CLASS OPTIONS SECTION X.2.1 Section X.2.1 describes the Service Class Options used and the contextual application of the roles of File-set Creator, File-set Reader, and File-set Updater. GENERAL CLASS PROFILE - SECTION X.3 Section X.3 defines characteristics of the Application Profile Class that are constant across all specific Application Profiles in the class. SOP CLASSES AND TRANSFER SYNTAXES - SECTION X.3.1 Section X.3.1 lists the SOP Classes and Transfer Syntaxes common to all specific Application Profiles in the class, if any. This section specifies which SOP Classes are mandatory and optional for the roles of FSC, FSR, and FSU, including any required groupings or SOP options.
16 Page 16 PHYSICAL MEDIA AND MEDIA FORMATS - SECTION X.3.2 Section X.3.2 defines the physical media and corresponding media formats common to all specific Application Profiles in the class, if any. This section also specifies any file service functionality beyond the DICOM File Service required by the clinical application to be supplied by the Media Format Layer. DIRECTORY INFORMATION IN DICOMDIR - SECTION X.3.3 Section X.3.3 specifies the type of Directory Records that shall be supported and any additional associated keys. It also defines any extensions to or specializations of the Basic Directory Information Object Definition, if any. OTHER PARAMETERS - SECTION X.3.4 Section X.3.4 is optional; if present, it should define any other parameters common to all specific Application Profiles in the class, which may need to be specified in order to ensure interoperable media interchange. SPECIFIC APPLICATION PROFILES - SECTION X.4 AND FOLLOWING Sections X.4.and following, each define the unique characteristics of a specific Application Profile. If there are any Application Profile specific changes to IODs, Transfer Syntax, DICOMDIR, or other general class requirements, they should be described for each Application Profile that specifies such changes. SECURITY PARAMETERS - SECTION X.3.5 Section X.3.5 is optional; if absent, the Application Profile is unsecure and the Secure DICOM File Format shall not be used for any DICOM File in the File-set. If present, this section defines the Media Storage Security Profile to be used for encapsulating all DICOM Files in the File-set, including the DICOM Directory. If this section is present, the Application Profile is called Secure Media Storage Application Profile.
17 Page 17 Annex A Basic Cardiac X-ray Angiographic Application Profile (Normative) A.1 CLASS AND PROFILE IDENTIFICATION This Annex defines an Application Profile Class for Basic Cardiac X-ray Angiographic clinical applications. The identifier for this class shall be STD-XABC. This annex is concerned only with cardiac angiography. The specific Application Profile in this class is shown in the Table A.1-1. NOTE: This table contains only a single Application Profile. It is expected that additional Application Profiles may be added to PS Table A.1-1 BASIC CARDIAC XA PROFILE Application Profile Identifier Description Basic Cardiac X-Ray Angiographic Studies on CD-R Media STD-XABC-CD It handles single frame or multi-frame digital images up to 512x512x8 bits; biplane acquisitions are encoded as two single plane information objects. A.2 CLINICAL CONTEXT This Application Profile Class facilitates the interchange of primary digital X-ray cine runs, typically acquired as part of cardiac catheterization procedures. Typical media interchanges would be from in-lab acquisition equipment to either a display workstation or to a data archive system, or between a display workstation and a data archive system (in both directions). This context is shown in figure A.2-1 below. X-Ray Angiographic LAB X-Ray Angiographic LAB Removable Media Review Removable Media Domain of DICOM Media Data Interchange Removable Media Review Removable Media Possible Network for DICOM Network Interchange Removable Media Removable Media Archive Archive Figure A.2-1 CLINICAL CONTEXT DIAGRAM
18 Page 18 The operational use of media interchange is potentially both intra-institutional and inter-institutional. A.2.1 Roles and service class options This Application Profile Class uses the Media Storage Service Class defined in PS 3.4. The Application Entity shall support one or more of the roles of File-set Creator, File-set Reader, and Fileset Updater, defined in PS A FILE SET CREATOR The Application entity acting as a File-Set Creator generates a File Set under the STD-XABC Application Profile Class. Typical entities using this role would include X-ray angiographic lab equipment, and archive systems that generate a patient record for transfer to another institution. File Set Creators shall be able to generate the Basic Directory SOP Class in the DICOMDIR File with all types of Directory Records related to the SOP Classes stored in the File-set. FSC shall offer the ability to either finalize the disc at the completion of the most recent write session (no additional information can be subsequently added to the disc) or to allow multi-session (additional information may be subsequently added to the disk). NOTE : A multiple volume (a logical volume that can cross multiple physical media) is not supported by this Application Profile Class. If a set of Files, e.g., a Study, cannot be written entirely on one CD-R, the FSC will create multiple independent DICOM File-sets such that each File-set can reside on a single CD-R media controlled by its individual DICOMDIR file. The user of the FSC can opt to use written labels on the discs to indicate that there is more than one disc for this set of files (e.g., a study). A FILE SET READER The role of File Set Reader is used by Application Entities that receive a transferred File Set. Typical entities using this role would include display workstations, and archive systems that receive a patient record transferred from another institution. File Set Readers shall be able to read all the SOP Classes defined for the specific Application Profile for which a is made, using all the defined Transfer Syntaxes. A FILE SET UPDATER The role of File Set Updater is used by Application Entities that receive a transferred File Set and update it by the addition of information. Typical entities using this role would include analytic workstations, which, for instance, may add to the File-set an information object containing a processed (e.g., edge-enhanced) image. Stations that update patient information objects would also use this role. File-set Updaters do not have to read the images. File-set Updaters shall be able to generate one or more of the SOP Instances defined for the specific Application Profile for which a conformance statement is made, and to read and update the DICOMDIR file. FSU shall offer the ability to either finalize the disc at the completion of the most recent write session (no additional information can be subsequently added to the disc) or to allow multi-session (additional information may be subsequently added to the disk). NOTE : If the disc has not been closed out, the File-set Updater shall be able to update information assuming there is enough space on the disc to write a new DICOMDIR file, the information, and the fundamental CD-R control structures. CD-R control structures are the structures that are inherent to the CD-R standards, see PS A.3 STD-XABC-CD BASIC CARDIAC PROFILE A.3.1 SOP classes and transfer syntaxes This Application Profile is based on the Media Storage Service Class (see PS 3.4).
19 Page 19 SOP Classes and corresponding Transfer Syntaxes supported by this Application Profile are specified in the Table A.3-1. Information Object Definition Table A.3-1 STD-XABC-CD SOP CLASSES AND TRANSFER SYNTAXES Service Object Pair Class UID Basic Directory X-Ray Angiographic Image Transfer Syntax and UID Explicit VR Little Endian Uncompressed JPEG Lossless Process 14 (selection value 1) FSC Requirement FSR Requirement FSU Requirement Mandatory Mandatory Mandatory Mandatory Mandatory Optional Notes: 1. This application profile does not allow the use of the X-Ray Angiographic Bi-Plane Image Object. Biplane acquisitions must therefore be transferred as two single plane SOP instances. A future Application Profile that permits X-Ray Angiographic Bi-Plane Image Object transfer is under development. 2. This Applicaton Profile includes only the XA Image SOP Instances. It does not include Standalone Curve, Modality LUT, VOI LUT, or Overlay SOP Instances. A.3.2 Physical media and media formats Basic Cardiac Application Profiles in the STD-XABC class require the 120 mm CD-R physical media with the ISO/IEC 9660 Media Format, as defined in PS A.3.3 Directory information in DICOMDIR Conformant Application Entities shall include in the DICOMDIR File a Basic Directory IOD containing Directory Records at the Patient and subsidiary levels appropriate to the SOP Classes in the File-set. DICOMDIRs with no directory information are not allowed by this Application Profile. A ADDITIONAL KEYS Table A.3-2 specifies the type of Directory Records that shall be supported and the additional associated keys. Refer to the Basic Directory IOD in PS 3.3.
20 Page 20 Table A.3-2 STD-XABC-CD ADDITIONAL DICOMDIR KEYS Key Attribute Tag Directory Record Type Type Patient s Birth Date (0010,0030) PATIENT 2 Patient s Sex (0010,0040) PATIENT 2 Institution Name (0008,0080) SERIES 2 Institution Address (0008,0081) SERIES 2 Performing Physicians Name Icon Image Sequence (0008,1050) SERIES 2 (0088,0200) IMAGE 1 Image Type (0008,0008) IMAGE 1 Calibration Image (0050,0004) IMAGE 2 Referenced Image Sequence >Referenced SOP Class UID >Referenced SOP Instance UID Notes (0008,1140) IMAGE 1C Required if the SOP Instance referenced by the Directory Record has an Image Type (0008,0008) of BIPLANE A or BIPLANE B. (0008,1150) IMAGE 1C Required if Referenced Image Sequence (0008,1140) is present (0008,1155) IMAGE 1C Required if Referenced Image Sequence (0008,1140) is present A ICON IMAGES Directory Records of type IMAGE shall include Icon Images. The icon pixel data shall be supported with Bits Allocated (0028,0100) equal to 8 and Row (0028,0010) and Column (0028,0011) attribute values of 128. Notes: 1. This icon size is larger than that recommended in PS 3.10 because the 64x64 icon would not be clinically useful for identifying and selecting x-ray angiographic images. 2. For multi-frame images, it is recommended that the icon image be derived from the frame identified in the Representative Frame Number attribute (0028,6010), if defined for the image SOP Instance. If the Representative Frame Number is not present, a frame approximately one-third of the way through the multi-frame image should be selected. The process to reduce a 512x512 image to a 128x128 image is beyond the scope of this standard. A.3.4 Other parameters This section defines other parameters common to all specific Application Profiles in the STD-XABC class that need to be specified in order to ensure interoperable media interchange. A IMAGE ATTRIBUTE VALUES The attributes listed in Table A.3-3 used within the X-Ray Angiographic Image files shall take the values specified.
Digital Imaging and Communications in Medicine (DICOM) Part 10: Media Storage and File Format for Media Interchange Published by National Electrical Manufacturers Association 1300 N. 17th Street Rosslyn,
Digital Imaging and Communications in Medicine (DICOM) Part 10: Media Storage and File Format for Media Interchange Published by National Electrical Manufacturers Association 1300 N. 17th Street Rosslyn,
Digital Imaging and Communications in Medicine (DICOM) Part 1: Introduction and Overview Published by National Electrical Manufacturers Association 1300 N. 17th Street Rosslyn, Virginia 22209 USA Copyright
Digital Imaging and Communications in Medicine (DICOM) Supplement 113 Email Transport Prepared by: DICOM Standards Committee, Working Group 1300 N. 17th Street Suite 175 Rosslyn, Virginia 09 USA VERSION:
Version 8 DICOM Conformance Statement Version 3.04, September 2014 1 Conformance Statement Overview The application described in this Conformance Statement VEPRO EMR Manager PACS is a collection of processes
Digital Imaging and Communications in Medicine (DICOM) Part 4: Service Class Specifications Published by National Electrical Manufacturers Association 1300 N. 17th Street Rosslyn, Virginia 22209 USA Copyright
Version 2.7 DICOM 3.0 Conformance Statement 1 1. Conformance Statement Overview SOP Classes Query and Retrieve Study Root Query/Retrieve Information Model Find Study Root Query/Retrieve Information Model
Digital Imaging and Communications in Medicine (DICOM) Part 1: Introduction and Overview Published by National Electrical Manufacturers Association 1300 N. 17th Street Rosslyn, Virginia 22209 USA Copyright
Document tracking Dept Responsibility: R&D Last DCO #: S11220 Release date: 10/11/11 Unless stamped Distribution Copy and dated, this document is for reference only. User is responsible for obtaining current
MiPACS Storage Server Conformance Statement Version 1.02.0.000 December 2009 Version 1.00.4.001 Conformance Statement Document Information Issued by: Medicor Imaging 1927 S. Tryon St., Suite 200 Charlotte,
Dx MM DICOM 3.0 Conformance Statement NAME FONCTION VISA AUTHOR Alain Battistini Senior Engineer CONFORM TO ORIGINAL REVIEW Jean-François Hoh Senior Engineer CONFORM TO ORIGINAL APPROVAL Pascal Gilbert-Jeantet
DigitizingStation DICOM V3.0 Conformance Statement Copyright 2004 by image diagnost GmbH Page 1 of 17 Image Diagnost International GmbH Reproduction of this document without prior written approval is prohibited.
American National Standard for Lighting Equipment Voltage Surge Requirements Secretariat: National Electrical Manufacturers Association Approved: June 19, 2015 American National Standards Institute, Inc.
1 2 3 4 5 Digital Imaging and Communications in Medicine (DICOM) 6 7 8 Supplement 44: Clarification of network addressing and the retirement of non-tcp/ip communication. 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 VERSION:
HP Medical Archive Solutions DICOM Conformance Statement January 2007 (Third Edition) Part Number Copyright 2007, 2007 Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P. Confidential computer software. Valid license
Picture Archiving and Communication System DICOM 3.0 Conformance Statement CODE NO.1245 Manufacturer: 1 Sakura-machi, Hino-shi Tokyo 191-8511, Japan Important Notes Konica Minolta Medical & Graphic, Inc.
g GE Medical Systems Advantage Cluster Storage / Archive System Release 1 v126.96.36.199 Conformance Direction number: 2160628 Revision: 2 Date: September 20, 1996 Revision History Revision Date Author Reason
Technical Publication DICOM Conformance Statement Document Revision 3 October 20, 2010 2010 Copyright Brainlab AG 1 Conformance Statement Overview This is a conformance statement for the Brainlab software
SwissVision TR4000 DICOM Conformance Statement File Media Storage Services Program Version 9.3 or later Document Revision 1.2 Date: 22-Mar-06 SHD_15_121_415_12_E Page I Document Revision History Version
CARESTREAM PACS Suite (Client, Server, and CD Direct) Version 11.0 DICOM Conformance Statement Publication # 8G8913 22 April 2009 Table of Contents Table of Contents...2 1 Introduction...5 1.1 Abbreviations
PS3.8 DICOM PS3.8 2015c - Network Communication Support for Message Exchange Page 2 PS3.8: DICOM PS3.8 2015c - Network Communication Support for Message Exchange Copyright 2015 NEMA DICOM PS3.8 2015c -
This printed copy is not subject to any change control XXXXXXXXXXXXxxXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX MR 2013-03-14 Siemens AG 2013 All rights reserved Siemens AG Healthcare Sector, Henkestr. 127, D-91050 Erlangen,
NEMA XR 29-2013 Standard Attributes on CT Equipment Related to Dose Optimization and Management Published by: National Electrical Manufacturers Association 1300 North 17th Street Rosslyn, Virginia 22209
Digital Imaging and Communications in Medicine (DICOM) Part 5: Data Structures and Encoding Published by National Electrical Manufacturers Association 1300 N. 17th Street Rosslyn, Virginia 22209 USA Copyright
g GE Healthcare Technical Publications Direction 1007228 Revision 0 Navigation Plus System Version 5.2 For DICOM Copyright 2004 by General Electric Co. Do not duplicate THIS PAGE LEFT INTENTIONALLY BLANK
HDI 4000 Ultrasound System DICOM Conformance Statement Rev 1.0 Philips Medical Systems HDI 4000 DICOM Conformance Rev. 1.0 12/17/2001 Philips Medical Systems Table of Contents 0. Introduction...3 0.1 DICOM
Philips Medical Systems DICOM Conformance Statement DSI Pro 1.0 Document Number 4522 164 07221 20 February 2001 Copyright Philips Medical Systems Nederland B.V. 2001 Page ii DICOM Conformance Statement
DICOM Conformance AquariusNET 4.4 Rev. 12.03.2015 B 1 1 Conformance Overview The AquariusNET server is a 2D/ 3D enterprise thin client-server solution. This central 3D processing server streams real-time
NEMA Standards Publication A Brief Comparison of NEMA 250 Enclosures for Electrical Equipment (1000 Volts Maximum) and IEC 60529 Degrees of Protection Provided by Enclosures (IP Code) Published by National
Digital Imaging and Communications in Medicine (DICOM) Supplement 30: Waveform Interchange DICOM Standards Committee, Working Group 1 - Cardiac and Vascular Information 1300 N. 17 th Street, Suite 1847
Philips Medical Systems DICOM Conformance Statement Integris Systems with High Speed DICOM Image Interface MCV 2974 MCV 3621 Cardiac DICOM XA MCV 3761 Vascular DICOM XA MCV 3031 DICOM RIS Interface and
Infinity Medical Image Server DICOM Server Conformance Statement Part Number: 900-420-002 Rev. 02 Document/Software Version: v1.3.0 Date: May 12, 2009 Copyright 2008-2009 Codonics, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
Page 1 of 79 AGFA HEALTHCARE DICOM Conformance Statement IMPAX 6.5 Solution Document No. 001310 Revision: 1.1 When printed, this is NOT a controlled document. Page 2 of 79 Document Information Service-related
Extracting, Storing And Viewing The Data From Dicom Files L. Stanescu, D.D Burdescu, A. Ion, A. Caldare, E. Georgescu University of Kraiova, Romania Faculty of Control Computers and Electronics www.software.ucv.ro/en.
DICOM Correction Proposal STATUS Assigned Date of Last Update 20165/01/08 Person Assigned Submitter Name Harry Solomon Harry Solomon Submission Date 2015/09/21 Correction Number CP-1550 Log Summary: Refactor
NEMA SSL 3 HIGH-POWER WHITE LED BINNING FOR GENERAL ILLUMINATION NEMA Standards Publication SSL 3-2011 High-Power White LED Binning for General Illumination Published by: National Electrical Manufacturers
PARCA Certified PACS Interface Analyst (CPIA) Requirements Copyright notice: Copyright 2005 PACS Administrators in Radiology Certification Association (PARCA). All rights reserved. All rights reserved.
DOLPHIN DICOM IMAGING DICOM CONFORMANCE STATEMENT NOTICE The software described in this document has been validated in accordance with the governing DICOM standard at the time of this document's release.
g GE Healthcare Technical Publications Direction 5357330-1EN (DOC1498472) Revision 3 Xeleris 3.0 and Xeleris 3.1 DICOM CONFORMANCE STATEMENT Copyright 2014 by General Electric Co. Do not duplicate g GE
Date: 2010-10-7 DICOM Conformance Statement Stratus OCT Instrument and Review Software Version 7.0 Carl Zeiss Meditec, Inc. 5160 Hacienda Drive Dublin, CA 94568 USA www.meditec.zeiss.com Document: DICOM_Conformance_Statement_Stratus_7.0.doc
DICOM Conformance Statement Envisor Software Version C.0 COPYRIGHT KONINKLIJKE PHILIPS ELECTRONICS N.V. 2005. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. NO PART OF THIS PUBLICATION MAY BE REPRODUCED OR TRANSMITTED IN ANY FORM
DICOM Conformance Statement For Diagnostic Review Workstation Software Version 5-x MAN-00546 SecurView DX DICOM Conformance Statement Part Number MAN-00546 Revision 001 For Software version 5-X Service
Hologic Physician s Viewer 7.0 DICOM Conformance Statement MAN-02386 REV 001 Page 1 of 32 1. Conformance Statement Overview This document is the DICOM Conformance Statement for Hologic Physician s Viewer,
g GE Healthcare Technical Publications Direction DOC1486636 Revision 2 Optima CT Dicom Conformance Statement for DICOM * Refer to section 1 for a list of products in the Optima CT families to which this
DICOM Digital Imaging and Communications in Medicine INF5081 / Vårsemester 2007 Wolfgang Leister Reidar Øksnevad Pedro Cruz G. April 2007 PACS PACS = Picture Archive and Communication System Archive for
Technical Publications Revision 2 Reporting Tool DICOM CONFORMANCE STATEMENT Copyright 2005-2009 by General Electric Co. Do not duplicate Page 1 of 31 REVISION HISTORY Revision Date Reason for Change A
Technical Publications Direction DOC0708777 Revision 3 Centricity Enterprise Archive V4.0 DICOM CONFORMANCE STATEMENT Copyright 2011 by General Electric Company 1 CONFORMANCE STATEMENT OVERVIEW The Enterprise
Technical Publications Revision 3 Reporting Tool 2.7 DICOM CONFORMANCE STATEMENT Copyright 2005-2010 by General Electric Co. Do not duplicate Page 1 of 34 REVISION HISTORY Revision Date Reason for Change
g GE Healthcare Technical Publications DIRECTION 5168972-100 Revision 2 Xeleris 2.0 Conformance Statement for DICOM V3.0 Document Structure Information: The DICOM Print Services for Xeleris are defined
Integrating the Healthcare Enterprise 5 IHE Radiology Technical Framework Supplement 10 Web-based Image Capture (WIC) 15 Draft for Public Comment 20 Date: February 19, 2015 Author: IHE Radiology Technical
DICOM Conformance Statement DICOMscope 3.5 Software developed by: M. Eichelberg 1, K. Kleber 2, J. Riesmeier 1, A. Schröter 2, A. Thiel 1 Organizational support: J. Holstein 2, H. Oosterwijk 3 1) Kuratorium
DICOM 3.0 CONFORMANCE STATEMENT JETStream Workspace Version 1.0 9705-0067, Rev A October, 004 Copyright Statement Philips Medical Systems has taken care to ensure the accuracy of this document. However,
Date: 2014-12-18 DICOM Conformance Statement CIRRUS TM HD-OCT 5000 and 500 Instrument Version 7.5/8.0 Carl Zeiss Meditec, Inc. 5160 Hacienda Drive Dublin, CA 94568 USA www.meditec.zeiss.com Document: DICOM_Conformance_Statement_CIRRUS_7.5_8.0.Docx
DICOM Conformance Statement Merge Eye Care PACS v. 4.0 Merge Healthcare 900 Walnut Ridge Drive Hartland, WI 53029 USA 877.44.MERGE 2012 Merge Healthcare. The information contained herein is confidential
NEMA ICS 61131-1-2005 (R2013) IEC Publication 61131-1 Programmable Controllers Part 1: General Information Published by: National Electrical Manufacturers Association 1300 North 17 th Street, Suite 900
Revision of ANSI C84.1-2006 American National Standard For Electric Power Systems and Equipment Voltage Ratings (60 Hertz) Secretariat: National Electrical Manufacturers Association Approved December 6,
DICOM Conformance Statement For Diagnostic Review Workstation Software Version 6-x MAN-00974 SecurView DX DICOM Conformance Statement Part Number MAN-00974 Revision 003 For Software version 6-X Service
What s New in DICOM DICOM Workshop @ SPIE MEDICAL IMAGING February 2010 Bas Revet, Philips Healthcare (Chair WG 6) DICOM is the International Standard for Medical Imaging and related information: images,
g GE Healthcare Technical Publications Direction 2067192-001 Revision 4 Universal Viewer* Web Client Version 5.0 SP5 * Trademark of General Electric Company Copyright 2014 by General Electric Co. Do not
DICOM Conformance Statement CBS Images and Worklist Version 2.01 Compulink Inc. 1100 Business Center Circle Thousand Oaks, CA 91320 Internal document number: 4226-000-000-001 rev 1 Creation Date: 20131101
18821 Bardeen Ave. Irvine, CA 92612 Phone: 800.800.8600 Fax: 949.752.7317 Candelis, Inc. DICOM Conformance Statement ImageGrid Storage Server 0 INTRODUCTION ImageGrid Storage Server is a complete hardware/software,
DICOM Server version 7.6.2 Revision 2.0 Copyright 2011 Medflow, Inc. Revision History Date June 14, 2011 August 30, 2011 Rev Description 7.6.1 First version. 7.6.2 Revised to reflect version 7.6.2 changes
Revision of ANSI C12.10-2004 American National Standard Physical Aspects of Watthour Meters Safety Standard Secretariat: National Electrical Manufacturers Association Approved June 28, 2011 American National
Digital Imaging and Communications in Medicine (DICOM) Part 8: Network Communication Support for Message Exchange Published by National Electrical Manufacturers Association 1300 N. 17th Street Rosslyn,
DICOM INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE & SEMINAR Oct 9-11, 2010 Rio de Janeiro, Brazil Tools for DICOM Implementation David Clunie CoreLab Partners, Inc. Outline Tools for DICOM implementation Toolkits and sample/reference
NEMA Standards Publication No. WC 26-2008 EEMAC Standards Publication 201-2008 Binational Wire and Cable Packaging Standard Published by National Electrical Manufacturers Association 1300 North 17th Street,
NTCIP 2301 v02 National Transportation Communications for ITS Protocol Simple Transportation Management Framework (STMF) Application Profile (AP) (AP-STMF) A Joint Standard of AASHTO, ITE, and NEMA version
Page i 5 Digital Imaging and Communications in Medicine (DICOM) Supplement 119: Frame Level Retrieve SOP Classes 10 15 20 Prepared by: Working Group 6 DICOM Standards Committee, Working Group 6 1300 N.
IEC 62304 CONSOLIDATED VERSION Edition 1.1 2015-06 colour inside Medical device software life cycle processes INTERNATIONAL ELECTROTECHNICAL COMMISSION ICS 11.040 ISBN 978-2-8322-2765-7 Warning! Make sure
Liberate Your Image Data Does Adherence to the DICOM Standard Guarantee Interoperability? 2009-2014 Mach7 Technologies, Inc. Page 1 of 9 Table of Contents Abstract...3 The DICOM Standard Does Not Guarantee
g GE Healthcare Technical Publications Direction DOC0855383 Revision 2 Centricity TM RIS-i MedoraCom 4.2 Plus Copyright 2011 by General Electric Co. Do not duplicate REVISION HISTORY REV DATE REASON FOR
Carestream DryView 5700 Laser Imager DICOM Conformance Statement June 15, 2011 Document # 8J5397 PAGE 1 of 40 This publication is protected by Federal Copyright law, with all rights reserved. Note: Publication
Integrating the Healthcare Enterprise 5 10 IHE Cardiology (CARD) Technical Framework Volume 2 CARD TF-2 Transactions 15 20 Revision 5.0 - Final Text August 29, 2013 Copyright 2013: IHE International, Inc.
5 10 Digital Imaging and Communications in Medicine (DICOM) Supplement 132: Surface Segmentation Storage SOP Class 15 20 Prepared by: DICOM Standards Committee, Working Group 17 (3D) and 24 (Surgery) 25
Revision of ANSI C12.11-2006 American National Standard For Instrument Transformers for Revenue Metering 10kV BIL through 350 kv BIL (0.6 kv NSV through 69 kv NSV) Secretariat: National Electrical Manufacturers