Algorithmic Trading: A Quantitative Approach to Developing an Automated Trading System

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Algorithmic Trading: A Quantitative Approach to Developing an Automated Trading System"

Transcription

1 Algorithmic Trading: A Quantitative Approach to Developing an Automated Trading System Luqman-nul Hakim B M Lukman, Justin Yeo Shui Ming NUS Investment Society Research (Quantitative Finance) Abstract: In Flash Boys: A Wall Street Revolt, Lewis wrote "The market is rigged" by HFT traders who front run orders placed by investors. Indeed, if makers cannot win by getting a good price, they will win by speed. In this paper, we focus on the foreign exchange market. Although they are OTC markets where each brokers managed their inventory separately and as such each quoting a slightly different bid-ask spread, an emerging trend is that more brokers are providing ECN accounts for retail investors. Users of ECN accounts receive their pricing from a pool of large liquidity providers and hence there are smaller price discrepancies. That said, we are not just trading with other retail traders but also dealers from banks who provide these liquidity. They make a market with an advantage of being fast and access to the market depth of their clients. Building a trading bot will increase the speed and accuracy of our trade execution and hence, enhance our chance of survival in the competitive world of trading. Keywords: Trading Systems 1. Motivation The foreign exchange market is the most liquid and lucrative market, where trillions of currencies worth are traded daily. Yet because of its high liquidity, traders are susceptible to perils of overtrading which decreases their profit factor. A recent research study undertaken by Ph.D. researcher John Forman, reveals that 99.6% of retail Forex traders are unable to achieve more than 4 back-to-back profitable quarters. Sound strategy or not, losses are apparently inevitable. Yet we cannot deny that there are still 0.4% of successful discretionary traders. Looking at Expert Advisors Market at MQL5 ( we see that based on historical back testing, there are some systems which can more than breakeven. It could be curve fitting to historical data and so may not hold its good performance into the future. Nevertheless, it is an interesting topic to explore on how trading systems are developed. To simplify and narrow the scope on this limited paper, we will focus on a simple trading system on USD/JPY, neglecting other major and cross pairs and their relationships with one another. 2. Background of USD/JPY Firstly, we need to recognise that USD/JPY is a safe haven currency as JPY has a near zero interest rate and hence is a good currency for financing. Due to low yield of JPY, if there is major unrest in other parts of the world (e.g. such as the outbreak of Ebola), investors will shift their funds from riskier, higher yielding currencies such as AUD or NZD into JPY. This will often cause large fluctuation in the value of USD/JPY. US Dollar is sensitive to major economic events such as Non-Farm Payroll, Federal Open Market Committee meetings and unemployment claims. These indicators vary over time, depending on what is the goal of the central banker. Thus, it is safer to stop the systems before such important events.

2 Secondly, it is the second most widely traded pair and accounts for 18.3% of transactions, hence its spread is consistently low and good for automated trading on tick. However, the start of the first hour after a weekend has inconsistent and unusually high spread at times. Thirdly, we need to recognise the realistic expectation of movement in USDJPY and we did it by looking at historical data of the last 6 months from August 2014 to February From figure 1, we observed that there is hourly seasonal pattern in both liquidity (tick volume) and price movement (lower stick, body, upper stick), regardless of direction. There is clearly a surge in liquidlity when 2100 GMT+8 arrives, sometimes an hour before. Liquidlity and price movement are larger coming end of the week, especially Thursday and Friday. Generally, the higher liquidity and capital flows into the pair generate larger price movements. These could be good filters and targets for our trading systems. Figure 1: USD/JPY Weekly View. Time is GMT+2 compared to Singapore s GMT+8. Hence we add 0600 hours to the ones we observed Fourth, we want to explore if there is any autocorrelation between the time series data. From Figure 2, lag in 10, 12, 14, 25 and 30 days failed the t-test and exceeded the 95% confidence interval, implying that there is possibly some relationship between daily close price at such intervals. From Figure 3, hourly intervals of 4, 8, 16, 18 and 24 failed the t-test and exceeded the

3 Autocorrelation Autocorrelation confidence interval implying that there is possibly some relationship between hourly closing price at such intervals. These could be good estimates for our trading systems parameters. Autocorrelation Function for C lag 1 (with 5% significance limits for the autocorrelations) Autocorrelation Function for H lag 1 (with 5% significance limits for the autocorrelations) Lag Lag Figure 2: Autocorrelation analysis for daily close price Figure 3: Autocorrelation analysis for hourly close price 3. Types of Trading Systems To create a good trading system, one needs a good understanding of the trading instrument and it is beyond the scope of this limited paper. In general, products are developed for certain group of investors for specific needs. That means the instrument exhibits unique characteristics. Some of these may then be exploited in a trading system. A trading system could be simple or complicated, but a basic one comprises a few functions: entry and exit signals (including target profit and stop loss), filters on entry; position sizing on entry and exit, and risk management. The objective is to utilize a trading strategy that has an edge over other participants of the market and that suits the trader s needs. Depending on one s risk profile, it is recommended to take a 2% risk on each trade. Professionals have proven that good entries ensure that you have a good safety margin and hence experience a lower drawdown. However, a volatile market can change a winning position to a losing one in seconds and thus, a stop loss is imperative. Managing the trade is actually more important than the entry itself. Target profits are important because the difference between closing a position on hitting target profit and hitting a stop loss is very big. Filters are subjective depending on the instrument you are trading but are also the factor that adds the most value to the trading system. In this example, we will use a simple breakout strategy for USDJPY. Simple Breakout (24) system Timeframe: 1 Hour Currency Pair: USD/JPY Breakout HH-LL Look back Period: 24 Stop Loss: 20 pips Target Profit: 100 Volume: 10,000 (0.1 Standard Lot) Starting Capital: USD 10,000 Spread: 0.5 pips (consistent average) Back testing period: 1-April-2011 to 31-Jan-2015

4 Close USD/JPY Price Chart April Jan Equity Curve: Trading Statistics for USD/JPY Summary All Trades Net Profit $ Profit Factor 1.18 Max Balance Drawdown 5.61% Total Trades 458 Winning (%) 41% Max Consecutive Winning Trades 6 Max Consecutive Losing Trades 8 Largest Winning Trade $ Largest Losing Trade $ Average Trade 1.85 Sharpe Ratio 0.06 In summary, this strategy produces good results when the market is trending as seen from the price chart. However, the system failed to make progress when the market ranges: the maximum number of consecutive losing trades was 8. Overall, profit factor is 1.18 and max equity drawdown was 6.77%. Sharpe Ratio or reward-to-variability is 0.06 which means a risk-adjusted return of 6%. Interested

5 readers can think of further ways to further improve this strategy, e.g. by varying the look back period or by incorporating further filters to reduce the number of trades when market is ranging.

NEW TO FOREX? FOREIGN EXCHANGE RATE SYSTEMS There are basically two types of exchange rate systems:

NEW TO FOREX? FOREIGN EXCHANGE RATE SYSTEMS There are basically two types of exchange rate systems: NEW TO FOREX? WHAT IS FOREIGN EXCHANGE Foreign Exchange (FX or Forex) is one of the largest and most liquid financial markets in the world. According to the authoritative Triennial Central Bank Survey

More information

Evolution of Forex the Active Trader s Market

Evolution of Forex the Active Trader s Market Evolution of Forex the Active Trader s Market The practice of trading currencies online has increased threefold from 2002 to 2005, and the growth curve is expected to continue. Forex, an abbreviation for

More information

The foreign exchange market is global, and it is conducted over-the-counter (OTC)

The foreign exchange market is global, and it is conducted over-the-counter (OTC) FOREIGN EXCHANGE BASICS TERMS USED IN FOREX TRADING: The foreign exchange market is global, and it is conducted over-the-counter (OTC) through the use of electronic trading platforms, or by telephone through

More information

The purpose of this ebook is to introduce newcomers to the forex marketplace and CMTRADING. Remember that trading in forex is inherently risky, and

The purpose of this ebook is to introduce newcomers to the forex marketplace and CMTRADING. Remember that trading in forex is inherently risky, and The purpose of this ebook is to introduce newcomers to the forex marketplace and CMTRADING. Remember that trading in forex is inherently risky, and you can lose money as well as make money. Manage your

More information

What is Forex Trading?

What is Forex Trading? What is Forex Trading? Foreign exchange, commonly known as Forex or FX, is the exchange of one currency for another at an agreed exchange price on the over-the-counter (OTC) market. Forex is the world

More information

Scalping Trade Strategies April 14, 2009

Scalping Trade Strategies April 14, 2009 www.fxcm.com sales@fxcm.com Scalping Trade Strategies April 14, 2009 DailyFX Research Team John Kicklighter David Rodriguez Currency Strategists 1-212-897-7660 1-888-50-FOREX (36739) Just a decade ago,

More information

Maverick FX Trading. Forex 101 Session #4 Preparation for Demo Trading

Maverick FX Trading. Forex 101 Session #4 Preparation for Demo Trading Maverick FX Trading Forex 101 Session #4 Preparation for Demo Trading Session #3 Review Time frames Relative Strength/Weakness Determine Strong/Weak News Events Correlations Session #4 Schedule Demo Account

More information

Contents Risk Disclaimer... 3 Introduction... 4 Choosing the Right Broker... 4 The Financial Markets... 5 The Forex Market...

Contents Risk Disclaimer... 3 Introduction... 4 Choosing the Right Broker... 4 The Financial Markets... 5 The Forex Market... Contents Risk Disclaimer... 3 Introduction... 4 Choosing the Right Broker... 4 The Financial Markets... 5 The Forex Market... 6 Trading methodologies... 7 Developing a trading strategy... 8 Risk Management...

More information

Carry Trade Explained What Is the Carry Trade?

Carry Trade Explained What Is the Carry Trade? I The Forex Trading Formula Carry Trade Triad Trading Formula - The Introduction Carry Trade Carry Trade Explained What Is the Carry Trade? The carry trade is a trading strategy in which you simultaneously

More information

5 Pitfalls To. Avoid For. Sucessful

5 Pitfalls To. Avoid For. Sucessful 5 Pitfalls To Avoid For Sucessful Forex Trading Contents Page Legal and Copyright 3 Introduction To The 5 pitfalls 4 Pitfall 1- Unlimited Losses 6 Pitfall 2-Forex Brokers Closing Our Accounts 8 Pitfall

More information

SPOT FX Trading Strategies. Copyright Powerup Capital Sdn Bhd

SPOT FX Trading Strategies. Copyright Powerup Capital Sdn Bhd SPOT FX Trading Strategies Currency Codes USD = US Dollar EUR = Euro JPY = Japanese Yen GBP = Great Britian Pound CHF = Swiss Franc CAD = Canadian Dollar AUD = Australian Dollar NZD = New Zealand Dollar

More information

CommSeC CFDS: IntroDuCtIon to FX

CommSeC CFDS: IntroDuCtIon to FX CommSec CFDs: Introduction to FX Important Information This brochure has been prepared without taking account of the objectives, financial and taxation situation or needs of any particular individual.

More information

MICHAEL HODGES AND BRETT COOPER

MICHAEL HODGES AND BRETT COOPER WHY COPY TRADE FOREX MICHAEL HODGES AND BRETT COOPER WHAT IS FOREX COPY TRADING Forex copy trading is a relatively new way of trading currency. It takes a lot of the risk and hassle out of trading and

More information

Terms and definitions

Terms and definitions Terms and definitions Abnormal market conditions mean Fast market. Account history means a list of completed transactions and non-trading operations on the Client s account. Account type means the terms

More information

How To Consistently Make $900 - $9,000 in 48 Hours or Less

How To Consistently Make $900 - $9,000 in 48 Hours or Less Forex & Gold Trading Bootcamp Break-Out Session How To Consistently Make $900 - $9,000 in 48 Hours or Less CHEAT & ACTIVITY SHEET MARK SO (THE HANDSOMEST FOREX TRADER THAT EVER EXISTED ;-) MARK SO (THE

More information

Forex Basics brought to you by MatrasPlatform.com

Forex Basics brought to you by MatrasPlatform.com Forex Basics brought to you by MatrasPlatform.com Table of Content What is FOREX... 3 FOREX Basics... 4 Trading Hours... 4 What Is Traded on FOREX?... 4 The Six Majors... 4 Currency Pair Distribution...

More information

EUR/USD Trading Strategy

EUR/USD Trading Strategy EUR/USD Trading Strategy TRADING SIGNALS TRADING EDUCATION TRADING STRATEGIES Kathy Lien & Boris Schlossberg www.bkforex.com TRADING SIGNALS & TRADING EDUCATION Risk Disclosure BKForex LLC is a registered

More information

Hedge Hog Trade Rules

Hedge Hog Trade Rules Hedge Hog Trade Rules Using Inverse correlation to decrease market exposure By: www.forextradersdaily.com Incomplete Draft Copy If you are reading this please note that the system is still in testing and

More information

The World s Elite Trading School. The Trusted Source for Online Investing and Day Trading Education Since 1994. What is a Forex?

The World s Elite Trading School. The Trusted Source for Online Investing and Day Trading Education Since 1994. What is a Forex? What is a Forex? Forex is the market where one currency is traded for another Unlike stocks and futures exchange, foreign exchange is indeed an interbank, over-the-counter (OTC) market which means there

More information

A Manual for New FOREX Traders

A Manual for New FOREX Traders FOREX Tradiing 101 A Manual for New FOREX Traders Table of Contents I. INTRODUCTION... 1 II. LEGAL RISK WARNING DISCLAIMER... 1 III. INTERNET INFORMATION DELIVERY SYSTEMS DISCLAIMER... 1 IV. WHAT IS THE

More information

Real Time Short-Term Trading Gregory McLeod Currency Strategist

Real Time Short-Term Trading Gregory McLeod Currency Strategist Real Time Short-Term Trading Gregory McLeod Currency Strategist Risk Disclosure Trading foreign exchange on margin carries a high level of risk, and may not be suitable for all investors. The high degree

More information

MICHAEL HODGES AND BRETT COOPER

MICHAEL HODGES AND BRETT COOPER WHY TRADE FOREX MICHAEL HODGES AND BRETT COOPER WHY DO YOU WANT TO TRADE FOREX Why do you want to trade forex? For that matter, why would you or anyone want to trade forex? Is it because of the access

More information

Guide to Online Forex Trading

Guide to Online Forex Trading Start Trading and Making Money in Forex WebTrader and MetaTrader If this is your first time coming across the online Forex market, then you have come to the right place! This guide will provide you with

More information

A practical guide to FX Arbitrage

A practical guide to FX Arbitrage A practical guide to FX Arbitrage FX Arbitrage is a highly debated topic in the FX community with many unknowns, as successful arbitrageurs may not be incentivized to disclose their methodology until after

More information

Active Currency Trading Model Product Guide for Individually Managed Discretionary Accounts (MDA)

Active Currency Trading Model Product Guide for Individually Managed Discretionary Accounts (MDA) Active Currency Trading Model Product Guide for Individually Managed Discretionary Accounts (MDA) A high growth alternative investment for private and institutional investors wanting exposure to macro

More information

The Impact of Gold Trading

The Impact of Gold Trading The Impact of Gold Trading By: Dan Edward, Market Analyst: FOREXYARD Date: December 2010 In this Issue: I. Introduction A brief history of gold trading II. What affects commodity prices? III. The Global

More information

ActTrader Forex Trading Guide

ActTrader Forex Trading Guide ActTrader Forex Trading Guide If this is your first time coming across the online Forex market, then you have come to the right place! This guide will provide you with the basic knowledge, tools and techniques

More information

Best Times to Trade Forex

Best Times to Trade Forex Best Times to Trade Forex The Forex Market The forex market is the largest financial market in the world, trading around $3.1 trillion each day. (Every three years, the Bank of International Settlements

More information

BEST TIMES TO TRADE THE FOREX MARKET

BEST TIMES TO TRADE THE FOREX MARKET BEST TIMES TO TRADE THE FOREX MARKET The forex market is the largest financial market in the world, trading around $3.1 trillion each day. (Every three years, the Bank of International Settlements (BIS)

More information

Forex Trading Strategies: One way to trade the Non Farm Payroll report.

Forex Trading Strategies: One way to trade the Non Farm Payroll report. Forex Trading Strategies: One way to trade the Non Farm Payroll report. June 3 2011 1 Upshot Trade Signals disclaimer The information provided in this report is for educational purposes only. It is not

More information

Foreign Exchange Trading Managers

Foreign Exchange Trading Managers Foreign Exchange Trading Managers Quantum Leap Capital (abbreviated as QLC ) is a Forex Trading Manager which focuses on trading worldwide foreign currencies on behalf of institutions, corporates and individual

More information

Trading Station / MetaTrader 4 Product Guide 2 October 2015. Page 1 of 15

Trading Station / MetaTrader 4 Product Guide 2 October 2015. Page 1 of 15 Trading Station / MetaTrader 4 Product Guide 2 October 2015 Page 1 of 15 Notice This product summary should be read in conjunction with our Terms of Business. Whilst every effort has been made to ensure

More information

How to Find Your Fortune in the Forex Markets by Tom Willmott

How to Find Your Fortune in the Forex Markets by Tom Willmott How to Find Your Fortune in the Forex Markets by Tom Willmott DISCLAIMER WARNING: Any and all trades discussed during this webinar are FOR EDUCATIONAL PURPOSES ONLY. Stock, option, futures, and Forex trading

More information

SHADOWTRADERPRO FX TRADER USERS GUIDE

SHADOWTRADERPRO FX TRADER USERS GUIDE SHADOWTRADERPRO FX TRADER USERS GUIDE How to get maximum value from your ShadowTraderPro FX Trader subscription. ShadowTraderPro FX Trader delivers value to its subscribers on multiple levels. The newsletter

More information

Trading University Trade Successfully with Trend Following

Trading University Trade Successfully with Trend Following Trading University Trade Successfully with Trend Following By Kevin J. Davey Today s Agenda Who Am I? What is Trend Following? Does Trend Following Work? Different Methods of Trend Following Trend Following

More information

Forex Cantata User Manual

Forex Cantata User Manual Forex Cantata User Manual CFTC RULE 4.41 - HYPOTHETICAL OR SIMULATED PERFORMANCE RESULTS HAVE CERTAIN LIMITATIONS. UNLIKE AN ACTUAL PERFORMANCE RECORD, SIMULATED RESULTS DO NOT REPRESENT ACTUAL TRADING.

More information

NDD execution: NDD can help remove the conflict of interest >>> providing a confl ict free environment for Retail FX traders CLIENT.

NDD execution: NDD can help remove the conflict of interest >>> providing a confl ict free environment for Retail FX traders CLIENT. The Broker team NDD execution: providing a confl ict free environment for Retail FX traders In forex trading, the electronic execution engine used by Non Dealing Desk (NDD) brokers provides traders with

More information

Trading System: BatFink Daily Range (A) Investment Market: Forex

Trading System: BatFink Daily Range (A) Investment Market: Forex 1. Level Trading System: BatFink Daily Range (A) Investment Market: Forex Daily-Range trading technique used to capitalise on high daily range price moving pairs Author MarkJ Related Thread Reference Version

More information

DEALING HANDBOOK FOR FX TRADERS

DEALING HANDBOOK FOR FX TRADERS DEALING HANDBOOK FOR FX TRADERS ONLINE TRADING Trading on the QuestradeFX platforms is available 24hrs a day from 5pm ET Sundays through 5pm ET Fridays. Clients have the ability to execute trades directly

More information

1 Introduction. 1.5 Margin and Variable Margin Feature

1 Introduction. 1.5 Margin and Variable Margin Feature Risk Disclosure Spread Betting and CFDs are high risk investments. Your capital is at risk. Spread Betting and CFDs are not suitable for all investors and you should ensure that you understand the risks

More information

The Awesome Trading System (2 nd Edition)

The Awesome Trading System (2 nd Edition) The Awesome Trading System (2 nd Edition) By Victor Chan Wai-To Note: You may freely distribute this ebook as long as you do not alter the content of it. All materials are copyright Victor Chan Wai-To

More information

SAMPLE TRADERS BUSINESS PLAN

SAMPLE TRADERS BUSINESS PLAN SAMPLE TRADERS BUSINESS PLAN Sample Trading Business Plan Page 1 TRADING BUSINESS PLAN Introduction. A traders trading plan is very similar in nature to a business plan for most entrepreneurs. In order

More information

FxPro Education. Introduction to FX markets

FxPro Education. Introduction to FX markets FxPro Education Within any economy, consumers and businesses use currency as a medium of exchange. In the UK, pound sterling is the national currency, while in the United States it is the US dollar. Modern

More information

FOREX STRATEGIES BY ANDREA UNGER

FOREX STRATEGIES BY ANDREA UNGER the purple forex company FOREX STRATEGIES BY ANDREA UNGER 4-time winner of the prestigious World Cup Trading Championships Axiory is proud to present you with the unique opportunity to invest in forex

More information

Introduction to Forex Trading

Introduction to Forex Trading Introduction to Forex Trading The Leader in Rule-Based Trading 1 Important Information and Disclaimer: TradeStation Securities, Inc. seeks to serve institutional and active traders. Please be advised that

More information

World Cup University. Trade Successfully with Trend Following. By Kevin J. Davey

World Cup University. Trade Successfully with Trend Following. By Kevin J. Davey World Cup University Trade Successfully with Trend Following By Kevin J. Davey Today s Agenda Who Am I? What is Trend Following? Does Trend Following Work? Different Methods of Trend Following Trend Following

More information

Trading forex is buying one currency while at the same time selling a different currency.

Trading forex is buying one currency while at the same time selling a different currency. F O R E I G N E X C H A N G E B A S I C S T E R M S U S E D I N F O R E X T R A D I N G The foreign exchange market is global, and it is conducted over-the-counter (OTC) through the use of electronic trading

More information

ALL RIGHTS RESERVED TO REAL-FOREX.COM

ALL RIGHTS RESERVED TO REAL-FOREX.COM Golden cross of moving Averages Strategy General: The golden cross is a strategy that is based on moving averages in the volatile hours of trading session with best value during the London and New York

More information

Chapter 1.2. Currencies Come in Pairs

Chapter 1.2. Currencies Come in Pairs Chapter 1.2 Currencies Come in Pairs 0 GETTING STARTED You know the advantages of trading forex, and you are excited to start trading. Now you need to learn what this market is all about. How does it work?

More information

Regulated by CySEC 185/12

Regulated by CySEC 185/12 Regulated by CySEC 185/12 01 Traders often fail because they don t learn from mistakes. Keep a diary of trades to discover what works and what doesn t. 02 Don t set a stop loss order too close to the opening

More information

96 97 98 99 00 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08* FDI Portfolio Investment Other investment

96 97 98 99 00 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08* FDI Portfolio Investment Other investment Chartbook Contact: Sebastian Becker +49 69 91-3664 Global Risk Analysis The unwinding of Yen carry trades Some empirical evidence 3 2 1-1 -2-3 -4 October 31, 28 Many years before the sub-prime crisis hit

More information

Welcome to FOREX e-book

Welcome to FOREX e-book Welcome to FOREX e-book Table of Contents 1. About BRAND... 2 2. Trading Platforms... 3 3. What is Traded in the Forex Market?... 4 4. What is Forex?... 4 5. Advantages of the Forex Market... 5 6. How

More information

The Forex Profit System :

The Forex Profit System : The Forex Profit System : How to Earn $50 to $500 a day Forex Trading from the Comfort of Your Own Home! OVERVIEW Dear Friend, Thanks for your interest in my Forex Profit System. The Forex Profit System

More information

Forex Diamond EA. User Guide - 1 -

Forex Diamond EA. User Guide - 1 - Forex Diamond EA User Guide - 1 - Contents: - Getting Started ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 3 - The MetaTrader 4 (MT4) Trading Platform -------------------------------------------------

More information

LET S GET TO KNOW FOREX

LET S GET TO KNOW FOREX LET S GET TO KNOW FOREX AN INTRODUCTION TO TRADING CURRENCIES A FOREX.COM EDUCATIONAL GUIDE LET S GET TO KNOW FOREX AN INTRODUCTION TO TRADING CURRENCIES 4 INTRODUCTION: THE BULLS & THE BEARS 6 WHAT IS

More information

At 17:00 hours (5:00 pm) each Friday, trading will be disabled until Sunday 17:00 hours (5:00 pm).

At 17:00 hours (5:00 pm) each Friday, trading will be disabled until Sunday 17:00 hours (5:00 pm). Trading Hours A Client may execute a trade 24 hours a day beginning at 17:00 hours (5:00 pm) on Sunday, (17:30 hours for off-exchange options) and ending at 17:00 hours (5:00 pm) on Friday for all investment

More information

Option Contract Size. Spreads as low as (in pips) Standard Lot 100,000 of 1st Ccy, Mini Lot 10,000 of 1st Ccy. 10:00am EST**

Option Contract Size. Spreads as low as (in pips) Standard Lot 100,000 of 1st Ccy, Mini Lot 10,000 of 1st Ccy. 10:00am EST** MARKET INFORMATION SHEETS FX OPTIONS* Pairs Available (Calls & Puts) Trading Hours Margin Requirement Contract Listings Strikes*** Option Expiration (Cut) Time** Option Contract Size Spreads as low as

More information

Session #1 Building a Trading Plan

Session #1 Building a Trading Plan Session #1 Building a Trading Plan Legal Disclosure Trading Currencies may involve high risk and, potentially, the loss of any funds invested. Investment information provided may not be appropriate for

More information

1 Introduction. 1.5 Leverage and Variable Multiplier Feature

1 Introduction. 1.5 Leverage and Variable Multiplier Feature Risk Disclosure BUX is a trading name of ayondo markets Limited. ayondo markets Limited is a company registered in England and Wales under register number 03148972. ayondo markets Limited is authorised

More information

Firststrike (1997 through 2007--no compounding)

Firststrike (1997 through 2007--no compounding) Firststrike (1997 through 2007--no compounding) --------------Rules for FIRSTSTRIKE ------------- On Monday morning @ 01:00 EST (00:00 Central Standard Time) note the opening price for GBP/USD. This will

More information

Trading Station II / MetaTrader 4 Product Guide 12 November 2012. Page 1 of 14

Trading Station II / MetaTrader 4 Product Guide 12 November 2012. Page 1 of 14 Trading Station II / MetaTrader 4 Product Guide 12 November 2012 Page 1 of 14 Notice This product summary should be read in conjunction with our Terms of Business. Whilst every effort has been made to

More information

International Academy of Exchange Trading. Lesson 2: Forex lowdown

International Academy of Exchange Trading. Lesson 2: Forex lowdown Contents Lesson 1: All you need is... Lesson 3: Leverage (a little help from your friends) Lesson 4: Orders Lesson 5: A beginner s guide to technical analysis Lesson 6: Technical indicators Lesson 7: Fundamental

More information

ECONOMIC ROADBLOCKS FOR THE YEN p. 6

ECONOMIC ROADBLOCKS FOR THE YEN p. 6 ECONOMIC ROADBLOCKS FOR THE YEN p. 6 TRADING THE ASIAN session s predictable nature p. 18 TIME-ADJUSTING INTRADAY range and volume data p. 22 ROUGH SEAS AHEAD for dollar, Euro? p. 12 THE EFFECTS OF British

More information

TRADING RULES ONLINE FX AND PRECIOUS METAL Effective August 10, 2015

TRADING RULES ONLINE FX AND PRECIOUS METAL Effective August 10, 2015 TRADING RULES ONLINE FX AND PRECIOUS METAL Effective August 10, 2015 PRODUCTS Contract Size EUR/USD EUR 100,000 USD/JPY USD 100,000 GBP/USD GBP 100,000 USD/CHF USD 100,000 AUD/USD AUD 100,000 NZD/USD NZD

More information

AN INTRODUCTION TO TRADING CURRENCIES

AN INTRODUCTION TO TRADING CURRENCIES The ins and outs of trading currencies AN INTRODUCTION TO TRADING CURRENCIES A FOREX.com educational guide K$ $ kr HK$ $ FOREX.com is a trading name of GAIN Capital - FOREX.com Canada Limited is a member

More information

The Truth About Forex* TRADING GUIDE

The Truth About Forex* TRADING GUIDE The Truth About Forex* TRADING GUIDE *High Risk Investment Trading foreign exchange on margin carries a high level of risk, and may not be suitable for all investors. The high degree of leverage can work

More information

AN INTRODUCTION TO THE FOREIGN EXCHANGE MARKET

AN INTRODUCTION TO THE FOREIGN EXCHANGE MARKET DUKASCOPY BANK SA AN INTRODUCTION TO THE FOREIGN EXCHANGE MARKET DUKASCOPY BANK EDUCATIONAL GUIDE AN INTRODUCTION TO THE FOREIGN EXCHANGE MARKET www.dukascopy.com CONTENTS INTRODUCTION TO FOREX CURRENCY

More information

TOPFX. General Questions: FAQ. 1. Is TOPFX regulated?

TOPFX. General Questions: FAQ. 1. Is TOPFX regulated? General Questions: 1. Is TOPFX regulated? TOPFX has been a regulated broker since April 2011, when it was granted a license by the Cyprus Securities and Exchange Commission (http://www.cysec.gov.cy/en-

More information

Algorithmic Trading Session 1 Introduction. Oliver Steinki, CFA, FRM

Algorithmic Trading Session 1 Introduction. Oliver Steinki, CFA, FRM Algorithmic Trading Session 1 Introduction Oliver Steinki, CFA, FRM Outline An Introduction to Algorithmic Trading Definition, Research Areas, Relevance and Applications General Trading Overview Goals

More information

INDUSTRY LEADING DERIVATIVES EXPERTS. www.insightcapitalstrategies.com Tel: 0141 375 1246

INDUSTRY LEADING DERIVATIVES EXPERTS. www.insightcapitalstrategies.com Tel: 0141 375 1246 INDUSTRY LEADING DERIVATIVES EXPERTS www.insightcapitalstrategies.com Tel: 0141 375 1246 Insight specialises in generating tax-free capital growth by investing client funds using spread betting platforms

More information

International Academy of Exchange Trading. Lesson 4: Orders

International Academy of Exchange Trading. Lesson 4: Orders Contents Lesson 1: All you need is... Lesson 2: Forex lowdown Lesson 3: Leverage (a little help from your friends) Lesson 5: A beginner s guide to technical analysis Lesson 6: Technical indicators Lesson

More information

WebTrader User Guide

WebTrader User Guide WebTrader User Guide Our trading platform is the most user-friendly tool for spot forex trading you will find anywhere. Pip Value The last decimal of a spot forex rate is called a Pip (price interest point).

More information

Forex Currency Trading Conditions Overview for Colmex Pro MT4 Users

Forex Currency Trading Conditions Overview for Colmex Pro MT4 Users Forex Currency Trading Conditions Overview for Colmex Pro MT4 Users Colmex Pro high-speed execution and advanced trading environment puts all the right tools at your disposal enabling you to take advantage

More information

GAIN Capital FOREX.com Australia Pty Limited EXECUTION POLICY for the Dealbook Suite of Platforms

GAIN Capital FOREX.com Australia Pty Limited EXECUTION POLICY for the Dealbook Suite of Platforms GAIN Capital FOREX.com Australia Pty Limited EXECUTION POLICY for the Dealbook Suite of Platforms 1) Introduction The Execution Policy should be read in conjunction with our Account Agreement or General

More information

Introduction to Foreign Exchange. Andrew Wilkinson

Introduction to Foreign Exchange. Andrew Wilkinson Introduction to Foreign Exchange Andrew Wilkinson Risk Disclosure Options and Futures are not suitable for all investors. The amount you may lose may be greater than your initial investment. Before trading

More information

Forex Capital Trading Pty Ltd. does not make any recommendations on the validity of any financial product referred to in this advertisement, emails

Forex Capital Trading Pty Ltd. does not make any recommendations on the validity of any financial product referred to in this advertisement, emails Forex Capital Trading Pty Ltd. does not make any recommendations on the validity of any financial product referred to in this advertisement, emails or its related websites and the information enclosed

More information

FOREX SCALPING. August (free short course)

FOREX SCALPING. August (free short course) FOREX SCALPING (free short course) August 2011 www.freescalpingindicators.com 1 DISCLAIMER Please be aware of the loss, risk, personal or otherwise consequences of the use and application of this book

More information

Getting Started With Forex Trading: A Forex Primer. Member NASD, NYSE, SIPC, and NFA

Getting Started With Forex Trading: A Forex Primer. Member NASD, NYSE, SIPC, and NFA Getting Started With Forex Trading: A Forex Primer Member NASD, NYSE, SIPC, and NFA 1 Important Information and Disclaimer: TradeStation Securities, Inc. seeks to serve institutional and active traders.

More information

JOURNAL THE BASIC GANN SWING PLAN FOR STOCKS QUESTIONS ROBERT KRAUSZ'S. Volume 1, Issue 4

JOURNAL THE BASIC GANN SWING PLAN FOR STOCKS QUESTIONS ROBERT KRAUSZ'S. Volume 1, Issue 4 ROBERT KRAUSZ'S JOURNAL Volume 1, Issue 4 THE BASIC GANN SWING PLAN FOR STOCKS T his issue of the Fibonacci Trader Journal will focus on trading stocks. Some traders, those who focus on just stocks, have

More information

WallStreet FOREX Robot User Guide

WallStreet FOREX Robot User Guide WallStreet FOREX Robot User Guide - 1 - Contents: - Getting Started -----------------------------------------------------------------3 - The MetaTrader4 (MT4) Trading Platform -------------------------------------4

More information

INTRODUCTION. This program should serve as just one element of your due diligence.

INTRODUCTION. This program should serve as just one element of your due diligence. FOREX ONLINE LEARNING PROGRAM INTRODUCTION Welcome to our Forex Online Learning Program. We ve always believed that one of the best ways to protect investors is to provide them with the materials they

More information

Click on the below banner to learn about my revolutionary method to trade the forex market:

Click on the below banner to learn about my revolutionary method to trade the forex market: By Avi Frister http://www.forex-trading-machine.com Click on the below banner to learn about my revolutionary method to trade the forex market: Copyright 2008 The Forex Navigator System. All rights reserved

More information

TRADING MECHANISM FOR DYNAMIC STP & DYNAMIC FIXED SPREAD TRADING ACCOUNTS Contents

TRADING MECHANISM FOR DYNAMIC STP & DYNAMIC FIXED SPREAD TRADING ACCOUNTS Contents WINDSOR BROKERS LTD Ref:42342 TRADING MECHANISM FOR DYNAMIC STP & DYNAMIC FIXED SPREAD TRADING ACCOUNTS Contents 1. Purpose and Scope 2. Definitions and Interpretations 3. Financial Instruments offered

More information

THIS IS THE TRADING METHOD FOR THE STEALTH FOREX TRADING SYSTEM V10

THIS IS THE TRADING METHOD FOR THE STEALTH FOREX TRADING SYSTEM V10 THIS IS THE TRADING METHOD FOR THE STEALTH FOREX TRADING SYSTEM V10 YOU SHOULD HAVE ALREADY READ AND APPLIED THE INFORMATION IN THE SET-UP DOCUMENT. IF YOU HAVE NOT ALREADY DONE SO - PLEASE COMPLETE SET

More information

Trading with the flow

Trading with the flow ASIA PACIFIC S PREEMINENT TRADING MAGAZINE TM www.traders-journal.com VOLUME 3 ISSUE 3 Trading with the flow SG$8.80 / A$9.95 / HK$68 / RM$19.80 Trading Tools: Be Aware Of The Hindenburg Intermarket Analysis

More information

Synthesis Multi-Strategy Currency Fund* * Subject to approval from the Luxembourg Financial Regulator

Synthesis Multi-Strategy Currency Fund* * Subject to approval from the Luxembourg Financial Regulator Synthesis Multi-Strategy Currency Fund* * Subject to approval from the Luxembourg Financial Regulator INDEX 3 Introduction and Objectives 4 Investment Strategy 5 Diversification and Portfolio Construction

More information

The Truth about Forex TRADING GUIDE

The Truth about Forex TRADING GUIDE The Truth about Forex TRADING GUIDE Contents No Dealing Desk vs. Dealing Desks... 2 1. How does FXCM's No Dealing Desk (stp) service make money?... 2 2. How do traditional dealing desks make money?...

More information

Forex Trade Copier 2 User manual

Forex Trade Copier 2 User manual Forex Trade Copier 2 User manual Contents REQUIREMENTS........... 3 QUICK START.........4 INSTALLATION.........8 REGISTRATION......10 CUSTOM CONFIGURATION..... 12 FEATURES......14 SOURCE FUNCTIONS DESCRIPTION........16

More information

Partnerships you can depend on

Partnerships you can depend on Introducers Partnerships you can depend on There s more than one way to profit from forex. At FxPro we ve made it our business to offer clients and partners every opportunity to benefit from the world

More information

3. The Foreign Exchange Market

3. The Foreign Exchange Market 3. The Foreign Exchange Market The foreign exchange market provides the physical and institutional structure through which the money of one country is exchanged for that of another country, the rate of

More information

Pro Picks Quick Reference

Pro Picks Quick Reference SUMMARY PAGE Asset Tabs Filter Bar Subscription Status Portfolio Performance Summary Multi-select Filter Drop-down lists Asset Performance Summary Listing Panel Asset Tabs The tabs in the upper left allow

More information

Spike Trading: Spot FX Vs Futures

Spike Trading: Spot FX Vs Futures You should be aware of all the risks associated with foreign exchange and futures trading. There is a substantial risk of loss in foreign exchange and futures trading. Past performance is not indicative

More information

The information contained herein is derived from sources we believe to be reliable, but of which we have not independently verified. Forexyard.

The information contained herein is derived from sources we believe to be reliable, but of which we have not independently verified. Forexyard. STRATEGIES FOR FOREX MARKET PREDICTIONS IN 2011 By: Russel Glaser, Chief Market Analyst: FOREXYARD Date: February 2011 In this Issue: 1. Incorporating Long Term Charts for Market Predictions 2. What is

More information

RISK WARNING. Retail transactions conducted with NatureForex are not insured by any deposit insurance of any kind.

RISK WARNING. Retail transactions conducted with NatureForex are not insured by any deposit insurance of any kind. RISK WARNING High Risk Investment Margined retail foreign exchange or currency ( forex ), commodities and financial derivatives transactions are extremely risky. Trading with Nature Forex Ltd. ( NatureForex

More information

An Introduction to Online Trading. National University of Singapore 22 March 2007 Klaus Buhl

An Introduction to Online Trading. National University of Singapore 22 March 2007 Klaus Buhl An Introduction to Online Trading National University of Singapore 22 March 2007 Klaus Buhl Introduction Saxo Capital Markets Pte. Ltd. Financial Markets: - Yesterday -Today -Tomorrow Saxo Trader Multiple

More information

When firms need to raise capital, they may issue securities to the public by investment bankers.

When firms need to raise capital, they may issue securities to the public by investment bankers. CHAPTER 3. HOW SECURITIES ARE TRADED When firms need to raise capital, they may issue securities to the public by investment bankers. Primary market is a market for new securities. Secondary market is

More information

FOREX CAPITAL MARKETS

FOREX CAPITAL MARKETS Company Profile Forex Capital Markets (FXCM) offers traders direct access to the global currency market. FXCM pioneered the process of dealing directly from live, streaming two-way prices, enabling traders

More information

Case Study: Double No Touch and Other FX Option Strategies for Low Volatility Markets

Case Study: Double No Touch and Other FX Option Strategies for Low Volatility Markets Case Study: Double No Touch and Other FX Option Strategies for Low Volatility Markets This case study covers various foreign exchange (FX) option strategies that take advantage of low volatility market

More information

Liquidity in the Foreign Exchange Market: Measurement, Commonality, and Risk Premiums

Liquidity in the Foreign Exchange Market: Measurement, Commonality, and Risk Premiums Liquidity in the Foreign Exchange Market: Measurement, Commonality, and Risk Premiums Loriano Mancini Swiss Finance Institute and EPFL Angelo Ranaldo University of St. Gallen Jan Wrampelmeyer University

More information

Introduction to Forex Trading

Introduction to Forex Trading Introduction to Forex Trading The Leader in Rule-Based Trading 1 Important Information and Disclaimer: TradeStation Securities, Inc. seeks to serve institutional and active traders. Please be advised that

More information