To Degree or not to Degree: Women, Nursing and Baccalaureate Education in Twentieth-Century America

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "To Degree or not to Degree: Women, Nursing and Baccalaureate Education in Twentieth-Century America"

Transcription

1 To Degree or not to Degree: Women, Nursing and Baccalaureate Education in Twentieth-Century America Policy Issue: State Proposals for BSN IN TEN Patricia D Antonio, RN, PhD, FAAN Statistics released from the 2004 National Sample Survey of Registered Nurses in the United States presents rather straightforward data about the educational backgrounds of American nurses. (FIGURE 1) Today, approximately 25 percent of all registered nurses in the United States receive their initial professional preparation in diploma programs; approximately 42 percent receive associate degrees from community colleges; and a little over 31 percent are awarded the baccalaureate in nursing from four-year colleges and universities. Initial Education Preparation of All American Registered Nurses

2 Interestingly, when one shifts the perspective from initial entry preparation to highest educational preparation achieved over a lifetime of practice, a rather different picture emerges. Now (FIGURE 2) for the first time, we see the importance of the baccalaureate degree in nursing, if not for entry into practice, then at least for sustained success in practice. Almost 48 percent of practicing nurses in this country today hold at least a baccalaureate degree in nursing. Highest Educational Level Achieved over a Lifetime by American Registered Nurses Finally, looking at the distribution of practicing American nurses with baccalaureate degrees or higher earned over a lifetime by race and ethnic background presents an even more interesting perspective (FIGURE 3). As the National Sample Survey notes, the essential ambiguity of racial and/or ethnic categorization demands caution when interpreting statistics. Still, approximately 47 percent of nurses who identify themselves as white hold at least a baccalaureate degree in nursing as do 53 percent of those reporting African American backgrounds, almost 47 percent of those reporting Hispanic or Latino backgrounds, and 72% of those reporting Asian backgrounds (17-18). Highest Educational Level Achieved over a Lifetime by American Registered Nurses (by Race and Ethnicity)

3 What this data means, of course, is a source of sustained debate. Do we celebrate the slow but steady ascendancy of the baccalaureate degree even among those who, for a variety of social, financial, or geographic reasons, had chosen an alternative pathway into nursing practice? Or do we worry that nurses still remain less well educated than colleagues in other health care disciplines? There are no easy answers. But the debate has deep roots in nursing s history in what the profession has called the entry into practice debate. The Historical Debate In the opening decades of the twentieth century, at the same moment that medicine was celebrating the conclusions of the Flexner Report, nursing first found itself grappling with issues of education and educational reform. The insatiable demand for student nurses by an ever-increasing number of hospitals had led inexorably to the admission to hospital training schools of almost any willing body regardless of social and educational background (Burgess, 1928). Nursing s leadership sounded the alarm. Their ostensible language was that of education in the service of the nation s health (Burgess, 1928; Goldmark, 1923). But their most compelling argument explicitly emphasized the clear slippage of nursing s educational background relative to that of American women. First the Goldmark Report of 1923 and later the Grading Committee Reports of the later 1920s and the 1930s spelled out the disastrous implications for American s hard won health care gains if nurses educational backgrounds continued to fall behind those of the population at large. Nursing standards have been rising slowly but steadily, May Ayres Burgess (1928a), the principle architect of the American Nurses Association Grading Committee s surveys, acknowledged in a presentation to the American Hospital Association (AHA) in But for the general population, she warned, they have fairly leaped upward. Her charted data,

4 presented to the AHA membership (FIGURE 4), told an important piece of this story: given current trends, the overall educational background of American women would outstrip that of nurses by Burgess, 1928: Comparative Distribution of Women and Nurses with High School Degrees (as %) On the other hand, it does seem historically that the choice of nursing by privileged working class women was a reasonably effective strategy of upward social mobility (Friss, 1994). A number of these women who attended the more prestigious training schools, for example, rose to leadership positions in early twentieth-century American nursing (Bullough, Bullough, and Wu, 1992). More importantly, the markers of learning and culture middle-class women brought to the work of nursing by virtue of their particular place in the social order elevated the status of their working class sisters within their own communities. When one remembers that, historically, middle class is as much a sensibility as a social place, one can more easily see how. An identity as a nurse gave these women, often, by virtue of their training, among the more educated of their communities, a socially valued and valuable place as the trusted conveyers of legitimated medical authority (D Antonio, 1999; D Antonio, 2007). This use of a particular kind of work as a means across the class divide was not, of course, unique to nursing. In ways constantly repeated in the history of women and work, where middle-class women went first, working class women soon followed. Domestic service, for example, was initially the domain of young, middling, girls, apprenticed to learn the necessary housekeeping skills; immigrant and African-American labor soon followed. Women of good Yankee stock first worked the looms of the early American textile mills; poor, working class labor soon

5 followed. But when immigrant and African American women entered domestic service, middling girls fled. When poor and working class women entered the mills, Yankee women abandoned them (Dublin, 1994). Yet, in ways we have yet to fully appreciate but to the profession's credit, middle-class flight did not occur in nursing. Real opportunities for talented and ambitious persons of all classes and races, regardless of gender, as well as stratified patterns education and practice have kept both groups tied tightly together throughout our history. Still, it must be noted, Burgess was wrong in her overall predictions. Advances in educational opportunities for American women as a whole stalled during the 1930 s as the ravages of the Great Depression took their toll. By 1940, only approximately 28 percent of American women had a high school diploma. But almost 100 percent of all nurses did. State licensing boards ultimately demanded much more stringent educational criteria to certify graduate nurses as able to manage increasingly complicated medical technologies and treatments, and meet constantly changing expectations about effective symptom management and proper medication administration (Reverby, 1987). Burgess was, however, correct in her prediction that all too soon, even a high school degree would be a meaningless predictor. In the old days, she wrote in 1928, to say that a girl was a high school graduate was the same thing as saying she was far above the rank and file. Today it means she is only slightly above; and very soon it won t even mean that (Burgess, 1928a, ). Burgess's dream, and that of other nursing leaders, including those incorporated into the influential Goldmark Report of 1924, was to move the education of some nurses into institutions of higher learning. As nursing leadership requested, and in keeping with the social equation that connected education with middleclass aspirations, the education of future educators, administrators, and

6 public health nurses did move into colleges and universities. Only 16 programs of higher education in nursing existed in 1916; and there were only 25 in But by 1936, there were 70 such programs across the country; and by 1945, there were 138. Most were, to be sure, collegiate degrees earned after nurses had completed standardized hospital-based training. But the ultimate result was that, by 1960, white American nurses had moved ahead of white American women in percent with a baccalaureate degree earned over a lifetime, and they have remained ahead to the present time. (FIGURE 5). Comparative Population Distribution of white Women and Nurses with at Least a Baccalaureate Degree over their Lifetime (as %) The way was tortuously slow and incremental. Early-twentieth-century nursing leaders found little social support for their battles to improve the educational preparation of all nurses. The educational needs of most nurses, many Americans believed, were reasonably well addressed by the more practical orientation of the training schools owned and operated by hospitals. Networks of wealthy benefactors and philanthropies did provide generous financial and social support for the stunning achievements of the new practice of public health nursing. However, their educational philanthropy centered on the promise women s colleges held to enhance the lives of middle-class women. And, as significantly, the American middle class tended to agree with these choices. In the economic prosperity of the early twentieth century, relatively secure middle-class families increasingly insisted that their daughters attend college, while the daughters of the social elite generally passed up such

7 opportunities, and those of working families were almost always passed over (Solomon, 1985, 71). While the proportion of American nurses who have earned a baccalaureate degree over their lifetime remains strong among white American women through 2000, the increase in the proportion of those reporting different racial and ethnic backgrounds is even more pronounced (FIGURE 6). Comparative Population Distribution of Women and Nurses with at Least a Baccalaureate Degree over their Lifetime (as %) Because the numbers of women reporting different African American and Hispanic backgrounds who earned baccalaureate degrees in any field over their lifetime remained relatively low prior to the Civil Rights movement of the 1960 s and 1970 s, such early data need to be treated cautiously. But recent data suggest that the current proportion of African American nurses with baccalaureate degrees earned over a lifetime is greater than that of white nurses; and that African American nurses are substantively more educated vis-à-vis their reference community of African American women than white nurses are vis-à-vis their reference community. Forty-eight percent of practicing African American nurses hold at least a baccalaureate degree, as compared to only approximately 17 percent of all African American women. Similarly, Hispanic and Asian American nurses currently are also substantively more educated vis-à-vis both white nurses and their particular reference communities. Almost 45 percent of practicing Hispanic nurses hold at least a baccalaureate degree in nursing, as

8 compared to just 11 percent of Hispanic women overall. Slightly more than 60 percent of practicing Asian American nurses hold at least a baccalaureate degree, as compared to 41.7 percent of all Asian American women. In sum, given the link between class, education, and middle-class community status first forged in nineteenth century America, nurses seem relatively privileged in comparison with other women of their racial and ethnic backgrounds. This perception, I would argue, makes the explicit linkage between scientific knowledge and nursing practice in the service of educational reform particularly problematic: it just does not match social perception. The technologies of health care are, today, moving out of the hospital and into the home, and the transfer of skills from nurses to nonnurse women (still families primary caretakers) has intensified, confounding the issue of how much more education all nurses need than those nursing sick family members at home. But this social perception that nurses are already relatively welleducated rests on quite tenuous footings. As Jerome Lysaught first pointed out in 1973, success in terms of baccalaureate degrees earned over a lifetime for both groups of nurses has come at an enormously high personal, emotional, social, and financial cost to individual nurses (140 41). Moreover, given the numbers of returning students who depend on employer-based tuition assistance, one may be looking at the single largest inefficiency remaining in the restructured American health care system. But even this route to a baccalaureate degree may today be compromised. Recent data suggests that the numbers of nurses receiving employerbased tuition assistance has dropped from a high of 54 percent in 1992 to 39 percent in (The Registered Nurse Population, March 2000).

9 More alarmingly, to paraphrase May Ayres Burgess, saying one has a baccalaureate degree in this day and age does not mean much of import. Indeed, when one compares American white nurses and white women using the initial baccalaureate academic degree as a relevant measure (FIGURE 7), it becomes clear that nursing s status has been slipping since the 1970 s. The slight up tick in 2000 is likely to prove short-lived: more men and women are now enrolling in baccalaureate programs since the federal tax credit passed during the Clinton administration has made college almost the equivalent of a middle-class entitlement (Klein, 2002). As we look to more recent 2003 data we see that the good news is that there has been no change. But the bad news is that: even though the numbers of nurses enrolling in baccalaureate programs have increased since 2000, the numbers of American women enrolling in such programs have increased every bit as much. Nurses have made no gains. New Calculations Through 2003: Comparative Population Distribution of All Women and All Nurses with a Baccalaureate as the Initial Academic Degree (as %) 2003 data for women from data for nurses: What might all this mean? First, I would suggest: despite the public perception that nursing are better educated that most people of their gender and ethnic background, the perceived social status that draws diverse men and women into the profession is in clear danger of eroding. And second, nurses may be asking the wrong questions in the debate over the best credentials for entry into practice. Rather than wondering if they are doing better or worse in their quest for baccalaureate education, they

10 might be wondering: why they always scrambling to catch-up to relative reference groups? And, why has the burden of playing such catch-up been assumed by individual nurses, rather than by the society as a whole? Nurses regardless of their original educational backgrounds clearly want more education. Individual by individual, course by course, they return to school and earn their credits toward higher degrees. Some want to learn new ways about caring for their patients; others want to broaden their occupational options; and some others want the sense of accomplishment and prestige a baccalaureate degree brings. State proposals, popularly known as the growing movement for the BSN IN TEN for mandating that all nurses earn a baccalaureate degree within ten years of graduating from diploma or associate degree nursing programs can be seen as formalizing that which most nurses already want. But how can we increase social and financial support to make such ideals a reality? History may provide one answer. Certainly, as historians who have studied communities of nurses in countries with more centralized national governments have long argued, interest in and support for nursing s educational initiatives have often been motivated by reasons that have little to do with ensuring improvements in health care services. In France, for example, the government of the Third Republic promoted reforms in nursing education and practice as part of a policy to diminish the influence of the Roman Catholic Church, in general, and the religious nursing sisterhoods, in particular (Schultheiss, 2001). Likewise, the South African state championed the professionalizing aspirations of nursing as a remarkably effective tool to create a stable, bourgeois middle class that might support the policies of the apartheid government (Marks, 1994).

11 Thus, within the particularly American, decentralized, state, we may be observing the social role of nursing education in supporting both the class aspirations and the genuine mobility of diverse social groups. We may, in fact, be seeing the role of nursing in the creation of what journalists and sociologists increasingly describe as the new middle class of African Americans, Hispanics, and Asian Americans. Unlike most other professions, nursing has provided real opportunities to those seeking upward mobility through socially respected and wellpaid work. Nurses have also always been in and of their particularly diverse communities, returning to them in marriage and parenthood, working within them as part of an informal system of health care and service, and ultimately drawing upon them to consistently lead the American public s list of trusted professionals (D Antonio, 1999). But supporting increased educational standards that contribute to social status as well as patient care needs also acknowledges the need for the American state s political commitment to more opportunity for those without access to substantive material resources. In the end, capitalizing on the social as well as the clinical advantages of baccalaureate education increases the support necessary for nursing to continue a mission of both care for the sick and care for practitioners as diverse as the patients they treat.

12 References Anderson, Carole (2000). Current strengths and limitations of doctoral education in nursing: Are we prepared for the future? Journal of Professional Nursing, 16, 4: Armeny, S. (1983). Organized nurses, women philanthropists, and the intellectual bases for cooperation among women, In E. Lageman (ed) Nursing History: New Perspectives, New Possibilities (New York: Teachers College Press). Blumin, S. (1989). The emergence of the middle class: Social experience in the American city, (New York: Cambridge University Press). Brown, E. Richard (1985). He who pays the piper: Foundations, the medical profession and medical education. In S. Reverby and D. Rosner (eds) Health Care in America: Essays in Social History (New York: Basic Books), Buhler-Wilkerson, K. (2001). No place like home: A history of nursing and home care in the United States (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Press). Bullough, V., Bullough, B., and Wu, Y. (1992). Achievement of eminent American nurses of the past: A prosopographical study. Nursing Research, 41, Burgess, M. A. (1928). Nurses, patients, and pocketbooks (New York: Committee on the Grading of Nursing Schools).

13 Burgess, M.A. (1928a). The grading committee s first report. Transactions of the American Hospital Association, 30, Chrisman, L. (1998). Who is a nurse? Image: The Journal of Nursing Scholarship, 30, 3, D Antonio, P. (1993). The legacy of domesticity: Nursing in early nineteenth century America. Nursing History Review, 1, D Antonio, P. (1999). Revisiting and rethinking the rewriting of nursing history. Bulletin of the History of Medicine, 73, D Antonio, P. (2007). Nurses as Wives and Mothers: The Later-Day Saints Training School Class of Journal of Women s History. Dublin, T. (1994). Transforming women s work: New England lives in the industrial revolution (Ithica: Cornell University Press). Friss, L. (1994). Nursing studies laid end to end form a circle. Journal of Health Politics, 19, 3, Goldmark, J. (1923). Nursing and nursing education in the United States: Report of the committee for the study of nursing education and the report of a survey by Josephine Goldmark (New York: Macmillan Co.). Haase, P. (1990). The origins and rise of associate degree nursing education (Durham, NC: Duke University Press). Hine, D. C. (1989). Black women in white: Racial conflict and cooperation in the nursing profession, (Bloomington & Indianapolis: Indiana University Press).

14 Jacobs, L.A., DiMattio, M.J., Bishop, T.L., Fields, S.D. (1998). The baccalaureate degree in nursing as an entry-level requirement for professional nursing practice. Journal of Professional Nursing, 14, 5, Joel, L. (2002). Education for entry into nursing practice: Revisited for the 21 st century. Online Journal of Issues in Nursing, 7, 2, Manuscript #4, Kalish, P & Kalish, B. (1975). The advance of American nursing (Boston: Little Brown). Klein, J. (2002). The natural: The misunderstood presidency of Bill Clinton (New York: Doubleday). Ludmerer, Kenneth (1985). Learning to heal: The development of American medical education (New York: Basic Books). Lysaught, J. (1973). From abstract to action: National committee for the study of nursing and nursing education (New York: McGraw Hill). Markowitz, Gerald E. and Rosner, David (1985). Doctors in crisis: Medical education and medical reform during the Progressive Era, In S. Reverby and D. Rosner (eds) Health Care in America: Essays in Social History (New York: Basic Books), Marks, S. (1994). Divided sisterhood: Race, class, and gender in the South African nursing profession (New York: St. Martin s Press). Melosh, B. (1982). The physician s hand : Work, culture and conflict in American nursing (Philadelphia: Temple University Press).

15 Nelson, M. (2002). Education for professional nursing practice: Looking backward into the future. Online Journal of Issues in Nursing, 7, 2, Manuscript #3, O Brien, Patricia (1987). All a woman s life can bring : The domestic roots of nursing in Philadelphia, Nursing Research 36(1): Reverby, S. (1987). Ordered to care: The dilemma of American nursing, (New York: Cambridge University Press). Rosenberg, C. (1987). Clio and caring: An agenda for American historians and nursing. Nursing Research, 36, 1, Ryan, M. (1981). Cradle of the middle class: The family in Oneida County, New York, (New York: Cambridge University Press). Schultheiss, K. (2001). Bodies and Souls: Politics and the professionalization of nursing in France, (Cambridge: Harvard University Press). Solomon, B. (1985). In the company of educated women: A history of women and higher education in America (New Haven: Yale University Press). Starr, P. (1982). The social transformation of American medicine (New York: Basic Books) Stevens, R. (1998). American medicine and the public interest (Berkeley: University of California Press. Weinberg, D.A. (2003). Code green: Money driven hospitals and the dismantling of nursng (Ithica, NY: Cornell University Press.

History of Psychiatric Hospitals

History of Psychiatric Hospitals History of Psychiatric Hospitals Patricia D Antonio, PhD, RN, FAAN The history of psychiatric hospitals was once tied tightly to that of all American hospitals. Those who supported the creation of the

More information

臺 灣 大 學 師 資 培 育 中 心 教 育 系 列 演 講 ( 二 )

臺 灣 大 學 師 資 培 育 中 心 教 育 系 列 演 講 ( 二 ) 臺 灣 大 學 師 資 培 育 中 心 教 育 系 列 演 講 ( 二 ) 主 辦 單 位 : 國 立 臺 灣 大 學 師 資 培 育 中 心 協 辦 單 位 : 國 立 臺 灣 大 學 教 學 發 展 中 心 講 題 :California's Higher Education System - Its Successes and Troubles 演 講 人 : Dr. John Douglass

More information

What Is a Public Health Nurse? Historical Visions of Public Health Nursing

What Is a Public Health Nurse? Historical Visions of Public Health Nursing What Is a Public Health Nurse? Historical Visions of Public Health Nursing Karen Buhler-Wilkerson, PhD, RN, FAAN Lillian Wald, founder of the Henry Street Settlement (1893) in New York city, invented the

More information

Modernizing the American Medical School and its Architecture

Modernizing the American Medical School and its Architecture Modernizing the American Medical School and its Architecture By Katherine L. Carroll Ph.D. Candidate, Boston University 725 Commonwealth Avenue, Room 302 Boston, Massachusetts 02215 carrollk@bu.edu 2009

More information

School Counseling in California

School Counseling in California The College Board National Office for School Counselor Advocacy (NOSCA) School Counseling in California A College Board 2011 National Survey of School Counselors State Brief A Brief for the College Board

More information

2013 Survey of registered nurses

2013 Survey of registered nurses We ve earned The Joint Commission s Gold Seal of Approval 2013 Survey of registered nurses Generation Gap Grows as Healthcare Transforms AMN Healthcare, Inc., 2013 12400 High Bluff Drive, San Diego, CA

More information

Community College Presidents National Meeting on Academic Progression in Nursing

Community College Presidents National Meeting on Academic Progression in Nursing Community College Presidents National Meeting on Academic Progression in Nursing Convened by: The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Hosted at: The American Association of Community Colleges April 9, 2013

More information

School Counseling in Michigan

School Counseling in Michigan The College Board National Office for School Counselor Advocacy (NOSCA) School Counseling in Michigan A College Board 2011 National Survey of School Counselors State Brief A Brief for the College Board

More information

Dean, College of Health and Human Services California State University, Los Angeles

Dean, College of Health and Human Services California State University, Los Angeles Dean, College of Health and Human Services California State University, Los Angeles OVERVIEW California State University, Los Angeles (Cal State L.A.) seeks an inspiring and innovative leader to serve

More information

Bowen, Chingos & McPherson, Crossing the Finish Line

Bowen, Chingos & McPherson, Crossing the Finish Line 1 Bowen, W. G., Chingos, M. M., and McPherson, M. S. (2009). Crossing the Finish Line: Completing College at America s Public Universities. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press. The authors begin

More information

2010 NLN NURSE EDUCATOR SHORTAGE FACT SHEET

2010 NLN NURSE EDUCATOR SHORTAGE FACT SHEET 2010 NLN NURSE EDUCATOR SHORTAGE FACT SHEET The National League for Nursing and the Carnegie Foundation Preparation for the Professions Program conducted a study of the nation's estimated 32,000 nurse

More information

Fredessa Hamilton Cobb s Graduate Student Address for Fall 2013 Communication Department Commencement Ceremony

Fredessa Hamilton Cobb s Graduate Student Address for Fall 2013 Communication Department Commencement Ceremony Fredessa Hamilton Cobb s Graduate Student Address for Fall 2013 Communication Department Commencement Ceremony Good afternoon, Class of 2013! Good afternoon, parents, family members, friends, and the esteemed

More information

Computer Science Education in California

Computer Science Education in California SEPTEMBER 2014 Computer Science Education in California From Kindergarten to the Workforce: Findings and Policy Recommendations Overview and Summary As new technology grows, the demand for computer scientists

More information

UWEP Utah Women and Education Project

UWEP Utah Women and Education Project Research and Policy Brief UWEP Utah Women and Education Project May 25, 2010 UWEP 2010-204 Women and Higher Education in Utah: A Glimpse at the Past and Present According to Lumina Foundation researchers,

More information

Nurses play many roles. Make yours one of leadership.

Nurses play many roles. Make yours one of leadership. Nurses play many roles. Make yours one of leadership. More than million nurses are expected to enter the workforce through 2022. What does this mean for an experienced RN like you? It means you have more

More information

Access & Equity in Higher Education: Issues and Complexities

Access & Equity in Higher Education: Issues and Complexities Access & Equity in Higher Education: Issues and Complexities Liz Reisberg UNICAMP April 2010 Issues The imperative Defining the problem Dilemmas Strategies Access or Attainment The Imperative: Where is

More information

Degree Type Bachelor of Arts (BA) Degree Title History

Degree Type Bachelor of Arts (BA) Degree Title History Degree Type Bachelor of Arts (BA) Degree Title History As an integral part of a liberal arts education, history courses introduce students to different historical eras, diverse cultures, famous and ordinary

More information

Testimony. National League for Nursing. Committee on Finance United States Senate. Hearing on

Testimony. National League for Nursing. Committee on Finance United States Senate. Hearing on Testimony of National League for Nursing to Committee on Finance United States Senate Hearing on Workforce Issues in Health Care Reform: Assessing the Present and Preparing for the Future March 12, 2009

More information

Is an Executive MBA right for you?

Is an Executive MBA right for you? Is an Executive MBA right for you? A GUIDE TO THE EXECUTIVE MBA achieve goals busy schedule support classroom contribution cost peer network the new MBA What is an Executive MBA? The Executive MBA is a

More information

The Baccalaureate Degree in Nursing as Minimal Preparation for Professional Practice

The Baccalaureate Degree in Nursing as Minimal Preparation for Professional Practice 3/17/15 downloaded from webpage http://www.aacn.nche.edu/publications/position/bacc degree prep The Baccalaureate Degree in Nursing as Minimal Preparation for Professional Practice Position Statement:

More information

California Board of Registered Nursing

California Board of Registered Nursing California Board of Registered Nursing 2006 Survey of Registered Nurses Conducted for the California Board of Registered Nursing by the University of California, San Francisco School of Nursing and Center

More information

The Earning Power of College Degrees and Majors

The Earning Power of College Degrees and Majors The Earning Power of College Degrees and Majors Trung Le Academic-Services.com Thursday, February 26, 2009 The Earning Power of a College Degree With the economy down, massive layoffs, and no sign of immediate

More information

Dana Beth Weinberg, PhD AFSCME/ UNA Nurse Congress May 5, 2015

Dana Beth Weinberg, PhD AFSCME/ UNA Nurse Congress May 5, 2015 Dana Beth Weinberg, PhD AFSCME/ UNA Nurse Congress May 5, 2015 Case study of effects of hospital restructuring Intervention research on care coordination for knee replacement patients Case studies of nursing

More information

Jane Kirschling, PhD, RN, FAAN Dean and Professor, University of Maryland School of Nursing kirschling@son.umaryland.edu, 410 706 6740 Immediate Past President, American Association of Colleges of Nursing

More information

School Counseling in Texas

School Counseling in Texas The College Board National Office for School Counselor Advocacy (NOSCA) School Counseling in Texas A College Board 2011 National Survey of School Counselors State Brief A brief for the College Board Advocacy

More information

Pathways to BSN: A look at Virginia s Registered Nurse Workforce

Pathways to BSN: A look at Virginia s Registered Nurse Workforce Pathways to BSN: A look at Virginia s Registered Nurse Workforce Healthcare Workforce Data Center October 2014 Virginia Department of Health Professions Healthcare Workforce Data Center Perimeter Center

More information

To be admitted into the RN to BSN Program, you must: If you re ready to accept new challenges and increase your earning potential,

To be admitted into the RN to BSN Program, you must: If you re ready to accept new challenges and increase your earning potential, RN to BSN If you re ready to accept new challenges and increase your earning potential, Marian University s RN to BSN is a great way to advance your knowledge and take your nursing career to the next level.

More information

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY. Findings from the Annual Survey of Schools of Nursing Academic Year 2009-2010

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY. Findings from the Annual Survey of Schools of Nursing Academic Year 2009-2010 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Findings from the Annual Survey of Schools of Nursing Academic Year 2009-2010 NLN Data Show Both Progress and Challenges in Meeting IOM Objectives This executive summary describes findings

More information

Women See Value and Benefits of College; Men Lag on Both Fronts, Survey Finds

Women See Value and Benefits of College; Men Lag on Both Fronts, Survey Finds Social & Demographic Trends Wednesday, August 17, 2011 Women See Value and Benefits of College; Men Lag on Both Fronts, Survey Finds Paul Taylor, Director Kim Parker, Associate Director Richard Fry, Senior

More information

FALLING BEHIND IN JOB GROWTH: Is semi-skilled labor the answer?

FALLING BEHIND IN JOB GROWTH: Is semi-skilled labor the answer? Technical Brief FALLING BEHIND IN JOB GROWTH: Is semi-skilled labor the answer? Lydia Quarles, J. D., Senior Policy Analyst, Stennis Institute of Government quarles 2015 In late November, 2014, the Labor

More information

SREB Council on Collegiate Education for Nursing 592 10th Street N.W. Atlanta, GA 30318-5776. SREB Annual Survey. Return by April 19, 2013

SREB Council on Collegiate Education for Nursing 592 10th Street N.W. Atlanta, GA 30318-5776. SREB Annual Survey. Return by April 19, 2013 TO: FROM: SREB Council on Collegiate Education for Nursing 592 10th Street N.W. Atlanta, GA 30318-5776 Dean/Director SREB Annual Survey Return by April 19, 2013 Katherine Nugent, Ph.D., RN President SREB

More information

Recent increases in medical school tuition and high levels of indebtedness

Recent increases in medical school tuition and high levels of indebtedness Medical School Tuition And Young Physicians Indebtedness If tuition continues its rapid increase, young physicians may find it difficult to repay their medical school debts, and some students may be deterred

More information

A New Measure of Educational Success in Texas. Tracking the Success of 8th Graders into and through College

A New Measure of Educational Success in Texas. Tracking the Success of 8th Graders into and through College A New Measure of Educational Success in Texas Tracking the Success of 8th Graders into and through College National Center for Management Systems (NCHEMS) Contents Introduction 1 The Challenge 2 Purpose

More information

Home Care. Caring for the Sick at Home. Origins of Organized Home Care

Home Care. Caring for the Sick at Home. Origins of Organized Home Care Home Care Caring for the Sick at Home Patients with disabling illnesses have always required a complex assortment of private, voluntary, and public organizations to supplement family caregiving. The needs

More information

Tri-Council for Nursing

Tri-Council for Nursing For Immediate Release Tri-Council for Nursing Issues New Consensus Policy Statement on the Educational Advancement of Registered Nurses WASHINGTON, D.C., May 14, 2010 In light of the recent passage of

More information

LONG-TERM CARE IN AMERICA: AMERICANS OUTLOOK AND PLANNING FOR FUTURE CARE

LONG-TERM CARE IN AMERICA: AMERICANS OUTLOOK AND PLANNING FOR FUTURE CARE Research Highlights LONG-TERM CARE IN AMERICA: AMERICANS OUTLOOK AND PLANNING FOR FUTURE CARE INTRODUCTION In the next 25 years, the U.S. population is expected to include 82 million Americans over the

More information

Seven Great Foundations

Seven Great Foundations Seven Great Foundations Leonard Porter Ayres with a new introduction by David C. Hammack New material in this edition, copyright 2007 by the Hauser Center for Nonprofit Organizations, John F. Kennedy School

More information

State of the South Dakota Nursing Workforce: Data, Trends & Opportunities

State of the South Dakota Nursing Workforce: Data, Trends & Opportunities State of the South Dakota Nursing Workforce: Data, Trends & Opportunities Linda Young, RN, MS, FRE Nursing Practice Specialist SD Board of Nursing SD Center for Nursing Workforce 2012-2022 National Employment

More information

School of Nursing Program

School of Nursing Program School of Nursing Program 18 School of Nursing Program The Duke University School of Nursing Program Mission The mission of the Duke University School of Nursing is to create a center of excellence for

More information

Women s Participation in Education and the Workforce. Council of Economic Advisers

Women s Participation in Education and the Workforce. Council of Economic Advisers Women s Participation in Education and the Workforce Council of Economic Advisers Updated October 14, 214 Executive Summary Over the past forty years, women have made substantial gains in the workforce

More information

State College Readiness Initiatives and Community Colleges

State College Readiness Initiatives and Community Colleges 8 This chapter traces the author s work in developing California State University s Early Assessment Program, an initiative that aligned eleventh-grade performance standards, new English and mathematics

More information

A 33-year Trend in Tuition and Fees:

A 33-year Trend in Tuition and Fees: A 33-year Trend in Tuition and Fees: The Cost of Attending the University of Texas at Austin 2002 UT Watch Tuition and Fees Since 1970 Tuition and fees at the University of Texas at Austin have risen dramatically

More information

Parental Educational Attainment and Higher Educational Opportunity

Parental Educational Attainment and Higher Educational Opportunity Parental Educational Attainment and Higher Educational Opportunity Federal higher education policy recognizes certain student characteristics as limiting higher educational opportunity, and has created

More information

CHALLENGES AND OPPORTUNITIES OF ORGANIZATIONAL BEHAVIOR

CHALLENGES AND OPPORTUNITIES OF ORGANIZATIONAL BEHAVIOR CHALLENGES AND OPPORTUNITIES OF ORGANIZATIONAL BEHAVIOR 1. The creation of Q global village 2. Workforce diversity 3. Improving quality and productivity 4. Improving People skills 5. Management control

More information

Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP) Programs Frequently Asked Questions

Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP) Programs Frequently Asked Questions Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP) Programs Frequently Asked Questions On October 25, 2004, the members of the American Association of Colleges of Nursing (AACN) endorsed the Position Statement on the Practice

More information

URSULINE ACADEMY OF DALLAS

URSULINE ACADEMY OF DALLAS Application for Admission 2016/2017 Admission URSULINE ACADEMY OF DALLAS Founded in 1874, Ursuline Academy of Dallas is an independent Catholic, college preparatory school for young women sponsored by

More information

Frequently Asked Questions Updated November 20, 2015

Frequently Asked Questions Updated November 20, 2015 Frequently Asked Questions Updated November 20, 2015 What is Say Yes to Education? Say Yes to Education is a nonprofit organization founded in the late 1980s by money manager George Weiss, whose business

More information

Embrey Family Foundation

Embrey Family Foundation Embrey Family Foundation Findings from a survey for 600 residents of Dallas, Texas Joshua Ulibarri, Celinda Lake, and Geoff Puryear Washington, DC Berkeley, CA New York, NY LakeResearch.com 202.776.9066

More information

Women, Wages and Work A report prepared by the UNC Charlotte Urban Institute for the Women s Summit April 11, 2011

Women, Wages and Work A report prepared by the UNC Charlotte Urban Institute for the Women s Summit April 11, 2011 A report prepared by the UNC Charlotte Urban Institute for the Women s Summit April 11, 2011 A report prepared for the Women s Summit by the UNC Charlotte Urban Institute 1 Table of Contents Table of Contents...

More information

VALPARAISO UNIVERSITY

VALPARAISO UNIVERSITY VALPARAISO UNIVERSITY APPLICATION FOR ADMISSION TO THE GRADUATE SCHOOL Kretzmann Hall Room 116 1700 Chapel Drive Valparaiso, Indiana 46383-6493 Telephone: 1.219.464.5313 Toll Free: 1.800.821.7685 Fax:

More information

STUDENTS PERCEPTIONS OF ONLINE LEARNING AND INSTRUCTIONAL TOOLS: A QUALITATIVE STUDY OF UNDERGRADUATE STUDENTS USE OF ONLINE TOOLS

STUDENTS PERCEPTIONS OF ONLINE LEARNING AND INSTRUCTIONAL TOOLS: A QUALITATIVE STUDY OF UNDERGRADUATE STUDENTS USE OF ONLINE TOOLS STUDENTS PERCEPTIONS OF ONLINE LEARNING AND INSTRUCTIONAL TOOLS: A QUALITATIVE STUDY OF UNDERGRADUATE STUDENTS USE OF ONLINE TOOLS Dr. David A. Armstrong Ed. D. D Armstrong@scu.edu ABSTRACT The purpose

More information

American Nursing: An Introduction to the Past

American Nursing: An Introduction to the Past American Nursing: An Introduction to the Past Professional nursing holds a unique place in the American health care system. As members of the largest health care profession, the nation s 2.9 million nurses

More information

DIABLO VALLEY COLLEGE CATALOG 2015-2016

DIABLO VALLEY COLLEGE CATALOG 2015-2016 HISTORY HIST Obed Vazquez, Dean Social Sciences Division Faculty Office Building, Room 136 Possible career opportunities The study of history contributes to cultural literacy, developing critical thinking

More information

EDUCATING SCHOOL LEADERS EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

EDUCATING SCHOOL LEADERS EXECUTIVE SUMMARY EDUCATING SCHOOL LEADERS EXECUTIVE SUMMARY EXECUTIVE SUMMARY EDUCATING SCHOOL LEADERS At a time when America s schools face a critical demand for effective principals and superintendents, the majority

More information

Thank you for that warm introduction. I am delighted to be here with you today to discuss the ability of education to transform lives and communities.

Thank you for that warm introduction. I am delighted to be here with you today to discuss the ability of education to transform lives and communities. Dr Jill Biden Thank you for that warm introduction. I am delighted to be here with you today to discuss the ability of education to transform lives and communities. Thank you Director-General Matsuura

More information

Florida Post-Licensure Registered Nurse Education: Academic Year 2012-2013

Florida Post-Licensure Registered Nurse Education: Academic Year 2012-2013 Florida Post-Licensure Registered Nurse Education: Academic Year 2012-2013 The information below represents the key findings regarding the post-licensure (RN-BSN, Master s, Doctorate) nursing education

More information

COLLEGE EDUCATED POLICE? SHAPING THE FUTURE

COLLEGE EDUCATED POLICE? SHAPING THE FUTURE COLLEGE EDUCATED POLICE? SHAPING THE FUTURE By Captain Brian K. Strock Brentwood Police Department Command College Class 41 September 2007 This Command College Independent Study Project is a FUTURES study

More information

During the past century,

During the past century, Academic preparation is still a core function of community colleges. But today their mission is more comprehensive, thanks to a gradual shift toward vocational education, job training, and programs catering

More information

Research Based Health IT CRI Experience

Research Based Health IT CRI Experience The Power & Potential of Research Based Health I.T. for Behavioral Health Dennis P. Morrison, PhD Chief Executive Officer Centerstone Research Institute Introduction Thank you for inviting me to speak

More information

Part 2: Focus on Research

Part 2: Focus on Research Part 2: Focus on Research RESEARCH STUDIES Military and Veteran Families Well-Being: Focus on Spouse Employment Mady W. Segal, Ph.D. Professor Emerita and Distinguished Scholar Teacher University of Maryland,

More information

Topic: Nursing Workforce Snapshot A Regional & Statewide Look

Topic: Nursing Workforce Snapshot A Regional & Statewide Look Topic: Nursing Workforce Snapshot A Regional & Statewide Look Nursing Workforce in Texas 184,467 registered nurses (2011) Median age of RN is 47 (2011) Gender 89% Female and 11% Male (2011) Race/Ethnicity

More information

NAHN NURSING SCHOLARSHIPS Recognizing Excellence in Nursing Students

NAHN NURSING SCHOLARSHIPS Recognizing Excellence in Nursing Students NAHN NURSING SCHOLARSHIPS Applications Deadline: June 18, 2013 Extended Deadline Scholarships will be presented at the 2013 NAHN Annual Conference Scholarship awards are presented to NAHN members enrolled

More information

Janet E. Helms, Ph.D. Augustus Long Professor, Department of Counseling, Boston College

Janet E. Helms, Ph.D. Augustus Long Professor, Department of Counseling, Boston College Janet E. Helms, Ph.D. Augustus Long Professor, Department of Counseling, Boston College Interviewed by Carlos P. Zalaquett, Ph.D., L.M.H.C Department of Psychological & Social Foundations University of

More information

A VISION FOR Doctoral Preparation for Nurse Educators A Living Document from the National League for Nursing

A VISION FOR Doctoral Preparation for Nurse Educators A Living Document from the National League for Nursing A VISION FOR Doctoral Preparation for Nurse Educators A Living Document from the National League for Nursing Mission Promote excellence in nursing education to build a strong and diverse nursing workforce

More information

THE PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL WORKFORCE

THE PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL WORKFORCE Fact Sheet 2013 THE PROFESSIONAL AND TECHNICAL WORKFORCE Introduction The professional and technical workforce is defined to include all workers in the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) category management,

More information

Diversity in California s Health Professions: Physical Therapy September 2008

Diversity in California s Health Professions: Physical Therapy September 2008 Diversity in California s Health Professions: Physical Therapy September 2008 A report of the California Health Workforce Tracking Collaborative Timothy Bates and Susan Chapman UCSF Center for the Health

More information

Applying to Graduate School Frequently Asked Questions 1. What are the differences between Master s, PhD, and MFA programs?

Applying to Graduate School Frequently Asked Questions 1. What are the differences between Master s, PhD, and MFA programs? 1 Applying to Graduate School Frequently Asked Questions 1. What are the differences between Master s, PhD, and MFA programs? The main difference between master s and doctoral programs has to do with the

More information

Adding Advanced Practice Providers to a Neurology Practice Four Perspectives By Amy Lindgren

Adding Advanced Practice Providers to a Neurology Practice Four Perspectives By Amy Lindgren Adding Advanced Practice Providers to a Neurology Practice Four Perspectives By Amy Lindgren If you could change your neurology practice to serve more patients more quickly, with no loss of care to those

More information

Diversity in California s Mental Health Workforce and Education Pipeline

Diversity in California s Mental Health Workforce and Education Pipeline Non-White Students Make up the Majority of Californians Pursuing Healthcare Education Diversity in California s Mental Health Workforce and Education Pipeline Tim Bates, MPP; Lisel Blash, MPA; Susan Chapman,

More information

Robert Wood Johnson Foundation New Careers in Nursing

Robert Wood Johnson Foundation New Careers in Nursing 40 YEARS OF IMPROVING HEALTH AND HEALTH CARE Robert Wood Johnson Foundation New Careers in Nursing 2013 Call for Applications Round 6 Application Deadline January 9, 2013 Program Overview (For complete

More information

Undergraduate Degree Completion by Age 25 to 29 for Those Who Enter College 1947 to 2002

Undergraduate Degree Completion by Age 25 to 29 for Those Who Enter College 1947 to 2002 Undergraduate Degree Completion by Age 25 to 29 for Those Who Enter College 1947 to 2002 About half of those who start higher education have completed a bachelor's degree by the ages of 25 to 29 years.

More information

How Do We Measure Success? Data Needs for the Changing Health Workforce

How Do We Measure Success? Data Needs for the Changing Health Workforce How Do We Measure Success? Data Needs for the Changing Health Workforce Joanne Spetz, PhD, FAAN University of California, San Francisco March 2, 2012 What Do We Need to Know? Do we have enough nurses?

More information

Why Are We Assessing? Rethinking Assessment s Purposes. By Linda Suskie

Why Are We Assessing? Rethinking Assessment s Purposes. By Linda Suskie Why Are We Assessing? Rethinking Assessment s Purposes Electronically published in Inside Higher Ed, October 26, 2010 and Adapted from opening plenary remarks, 2010 Assessment Institute, Indianapolis,

More information

This presentation was made at the California Association for Institutional Research Conference on November 19, 2010.

This presentation was made at the California Association for Institutional Research Conference on November 19, 2010. This presentation was made at the California Association for Institutional Research Conference on November 19, 2010. 1 This presentation was made at the California Association for Institutional Research

More information

Survey of Registered Nurses 2008

Survey of Registered Nurses 2008 California Board of Registered Nursing Survey of Registered Nurses 2008 Conducted for the Board of Registered Nursing by School of Nursing, University of California, San Francisco and Center for the Health

More information

North Carolina Trends in Nursing Education: 2005 2010

North Carolina Trends in Nursing Education: 2005 2010 North Carolina Trends in Nursing Education: 2005 2010 September 2011 This report was prepared by the North Carolina Board of Nursing Data Source: NC Board of Nursing 2010 Annual Survey of Education Programs

More information

North Dakota Nursing Needs Study

North Dakota Nursing Needs Study North Dakota Nursing Needs Study 2011 Licensed Nurse Supply Analysis January, 2012 Patricia L. Moulton, Ph.D. North Dakota Center for Nursing Research Publication #3 Funding for this project was provided

More information

Racial/Ethnic and Gender Diversity in Nursing Education

Racial/Ethnic and Gender Diversity in Nursing Education Racial/Ethnic and Gender Diversity in Nursing Education Southern Regional Education Board 592 10th St. N.W. Atlanta, GA 30318 (404) 875-9211 www.sreb.org COUNCIL ON COLLEGIATE EDUCATION FOR NURSING Acknowledgments

More information

USTESTBANK.COM. 1. What was believed to be the cause of health problems in ancient times? A) Fresh air B) Evil spirits C) The gods D) Germs

USTESTBANK.COM. 1. What was believed to be the cause of health problems in ancient times? A) Fresh air B) Evil spirits C) The gods D) Germs Chapter 1: Historical Perspective and Current Trends 1. What was believed to be the cause of health problems in ancient times? A) Fresh air B) Evil spirits C) The gods D) Germs 2. Which of the following

More information

Registered Nurse Survey 2012 Executive Summary

Registered Nurse Survey 2012 Executive Summary Wisconsin Registered Nurse Survey 2012 Executive Summary wicenterfornursing.org Wisconsin Center for Nursing Mary Ellen Murray, PhD, RN, School of Nursing University of Wisconsin-Madison Judith Westphal,

More information

January 22, 2015. Thank you Chairman Pitts, Ranking Member Green, and members of the Committee. I

January 22, 2015. Thank you Chairman Pitts, Ranking Member Green, and members of the Committee. I STATEMENT Of Kenneth P. Miller, PhD, RN, CFNP, FAAN, FAANP To United States House of Representatives Committee on Energy & Commerce Subcommittee on Health On A Permanent Solution to the SGR: The Time is

More information

HIGHER EDUCATION PRACTICE RESEARCH ABSTRACTS

HIGHER EDUCATION PRACTICE RESEARCH ABSTRACTS 1750 H Street NW, Suite 200, Washington, DC 20006 P 202.756.2971 F 866.808.6585 www.hanoverresearch.com HIGHER EDUCATION PRACTICE RESEARCH ABSTRACTS January 2012 The following abstracts describe a sampling

More information

The Condition of College & Career Readiness l 2011

The Condition of College & Career Readiness l 2011 The Condition of College & Career Readiness l 2011 ACT is an independent, not-for-profit organization that provides assessment, research, information, and program management services in the broad areas

More information

Addendum: American History II:

Addendum: American History II: Addendum: American History II: On June 23, 2011, the North Carolina General Assembly passed The Founding Principles Act (SL 2011-273). This act calls for local boards of education to require, as a condition

More information

Curriculum Vita Tammie D. Moore, PhD 1

Curriculum Vita Tammie D. Moore, PhD 1 Curriculum Vita Tammie D. Moore, PhD 1 Tammie D. Moore, Ph.D., HSP-P Licensed Psychologist & NC Board Health Services Provider President & Founder Western Wake Counseling & Psychological Services, PLLC

More information

A U.S. healthcare executive s recent visit to China By Richard F. Peisch

A U.S. healthcare executive s recent visit to China By Richard F. Peisch A U.S. healthcare executive s recent visit to China By Richard F. Peisch Richard F. Peisch is the founder and president of MDP, Inc., a medical revenue cycle management company headquartered in Boston.

More information

Thank you for your interest in applying to the Exploring College Program! This packet contains all the necessary forms for application.

Thank you for your interest in applying to the Exploring College Program! This packet contains all the necessary forms for application. APPLICATION INSTRUCTIONS Thank you for your interest in applying to the Program! This packet contains all the necessary forms for application. Program Information is a four-year enrichment program, generously

More information

February 2003 Report No. 03-17

February 2003 Report No. 03-17 February 2003 Report No. 03-17 Bright Futures Contributes to Improved College Preparation, Affordability, and Enrollment at a glance Since the Bright Futures program was created in 1997, Florida s high

More information

Soka University of America

Soka University of America Soka University of America MA in Educational Leadership and Societal Change Fall 2014 Application for Graduate Admission Fall 2014 Welcome to Soka University of America s graduate application process!

More information

THE MARYLAND STUDY ON PHYSICIAN EXPERIENCE WITH MANAGED CARE. September 2001

THE MARYLAND STUDY ON PHYSICIAN EXPERIENCE WITH MANAGED CARE. September 2001 THE MARYLAND STUDY ON PHYSICIAN EXPERIENCE WITH MANAGED CARE September 2001 TABLE OF CONTENTS Executive Summary...1 I. Introduction...3 II. Methodology...5 A. Sample B. Data Collection C. Statistical Analysis

More information

MCPS Graduates Earning College Degrees in STEM-Related Fields

MCPS Graduates Earning College Degrees in STEM-Related Fields Graduates Earning College Degrees in -Related Fields September 2012 Natalie Wolanin & Julie Wade OFFICE OF SHARED ACCOUNTABILITY Adrian B. Talley, Associate Superintendent 850 Hungerford Drive Rockville,

More information

Writing for Change. 4.1 Analyzing Argumentation in Your Major

Writing for Change. 4.1 Analyzing Argumentation in Your Major 4.1 Analyzing Argumentation in Your Major Objectives Develop an awareness of how arguments are constructed in professional journals in students majors or fields. Analyze the process of argumentation as

More information

Mission and Goals Statement. University of Maryland, College Park. January 7, 2011

Mission and Goals Statement. University of Maryland, College Park. January 7, 2011 Summary of Mission Statement Mission and Goals Statement University of Maryland, College Park January 7, 2011 The mission of the University of Maryland, College Park is to provide excellence in teaching,

More information

California s Economic Payoff

California s Economic Payoff California s Economic Payoff Dr. Jon Stiles, Dr. Michael Hout, Dr. Henry Brady Institute for the Study of Societal Issues, UC Berkeley EXECUTIVE SUMMARY April 2012 The benefits of higher education extend

More information

Evaluation of Ford Scholars Program. Executive Summary PREPARED BY. SUBMITTED TO The Ford Family Foundation

Evaluation of Ford Scholars Program. Executive Summary PREPARED BY. SUBMITTED TO The Ford Family Foundation Evaluation of Ford Scholars Program Executive Summary PREPARED BY Irene F. Goodman, Ed.D. Rucha Londhe, Ph.D. Karina Lin, B.A. Helena Pylvainen, B.A. SUBMITTED TO The Ford Family Foundation November 2011

More information

NURSING IN CALIFORNIA:

NURSING IN CALIFORNIA: NURSING IN CALIFORNIA: A Workforce Crisis JANUARY 2001 Janet Coffman, MPP Joanne Spetz, PhD Jean Ann Seago, PhD, RN Emily Rosenoff Edward O Neil, PhD 2001 Center for the Health Professions, University

More information

An Invitation to Apply: Dean, College of Nursing

An Invitation to Apply: Dean, College of Nursing An Invitation to Apply: Dean, College of Nursing Texas Woman s University College of Nursing invites applications and nominations for the position of Dean of the College of Nursing. The Dean serves as

More information

Assessing the State of Undergraduate Education in Urban Planning

Assessing the State of Undergraduate Education in Urban Planning Charisma Acey Christopher Auffrey Tim Chapin Ann Forsyth Jerry Mitchell Pomona Alice Novak Urbana-Champaign David Sloane, Chair Assessing the State of Undergraduate Education in Urban Planning Report of

More information

Offering Baccalaureate Degree Programs at Community Colleges May 2009

Offering Baccalaureate Degree Programs at Community Colleges May 2009 Offering Baccalaureate Degree Programs at Community Colleges May 2009 This document is in response to House Bill No. 4837, establishing education programs and grant baccalaureate degrees in nursing, cement

More information