Table of contents Document code: DPD00288B3 Edited:

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2 Table of contents Document code: DPD00288B3 Edted: Safety Warnngs Safety nstructons Earthng and earth fault protecton Before runnng the motor 7 2. Recept of delvery Type desgnaton code Storage Mantenance Warranty Manufacturer s declaraton of conformty Installaton Mechancal nstallaton Vacon 10 dmensons Coolng EMC levels Changng the EMC protecton class from C2 or C3 to C4 for IT networks Cablng and connectons Power cablng Control cablng Cable and fuse specfcatons General cablng rules Strppng lengths of motor and mans cables Cable nstallaton and the UL standards Cable and motor nsulaton checks Commssonng Commssonng steps of Vacon Fault tracng Vacon 10 Applcaton Interface Introducton Control I/O 30

3 7. Control panel General Dsplay Keypad Navgaton on the Vacon 10 control panel Man menu Reference menu Montorng menu Parameter menu Fault hstory menu STANDARD applcaton parameters Quck setup parameters (Vrtual menu, shows when par = 1) Motor settngs (Control panel: Menu PAR -> P1) Start/stop setup (Control panel: Menu PAR -> P2) Frequency references (Control panel: Menu PAR -> P3) Ramps and brakes setup (Control panel: Menu PAR -> P4) Dgtal nputs (Control panel: Menu PAR -> P5) Analogue nputs (Control panel: Menu PAR -> P6) Dgtal and analogue outputs (Panel: Menu PAR -> P7) Protectons (Control panel: Menu PAR -> P9) Fault autoreset parameters (Panel: Menu PAR -> P10) PI control parameters (Control panel: Menu PAR -> P12) Easy usage menu (Control panel: Menu PAR -> P0) System parameters Parameter descrptons Motor settngs (Control panel: Menu PAR -> P1) Start/Stop setup (Control panel: Menu PAR -> P2) Frequency references (Control panel: Menu PAR -> P3) Ramps & brakes setup (Control panel: Menu PAR -> P4) Dgtal nputs (Control panel: Menu PAR -> P5) Analoque nputs (Control panel: Menu PAR -> P6) Dgtal and analoque outputs (Panel: Menu PAR -> P7) Motor thermal protecton (parameters ) Fault autoreset parameters (Panel: Menu PAR -> P10) PI control parameters (Control panel: Menu PAR -> P12) Easy usage menu (Control panel: Menu PAR -> P9) Termnaton resstor Modbus address area Modbus process data 80

4 10. Techncal data Vacon 10 techncal data Power ratngs Vacon 10 - Mans voltage 115 V Vacon 10 - Mans voltage V Vacon 10 - Mans voltage V Vacon 10 - Mans voltage 575 V Brake resstors 86

5 safety vacon 4 1. SAFETY ONLY A COMPETENT ELECTRICIAN IS ALLOWED TO CARRY OUT THE ELECTRICAL INSTALLATION! Ths manual contans clearly marked cautons and warnngs whch are ntended for your personal safety and to avod any unntentonal damage to the product or connected applances. Please read the nformaton ncluded n cautons and warnngs carefully: = Dangerous voltage Rsk of death or severe njury = General warnng Rsk of damage to the product or connected applances 1.1 Warnngs The components of the power unt of the frequency converter are lve when Vacon 10 s connected to mans. Comng nto contact wth ths voltage s extremely dangerous and may cause death or severe njury. The control unt s solated from the mans potental. The motor termnals U, V, W (T1, T2, T3) and the possble brake resstor termnals -/+ are lve when Vacon 10 s connected to mans, even f the motor s not runnng. The control I/O-termnals are solated from the mans potental. However, the relay output termnals may have a dangerous control voltage present even when Vacon 10 s dsconnected from mans. The earth leakage current of Vacon 10 frequency converters exceeds 3.5mA AC. Accordng to standard EN , a renforced protectve ground connecton must be ensured. If the frequency converter s used as a part of a machne, the machne manufacturer s responsble for provdng the machne wth a man swtch (EN ). If Vacon 10 s dsconnected from mans whle runnng the motor, t remans lve f the motor s energzed by the process. In ths case the motor functons as a generator feedng energy to the frequency converter. 24-hour support +358 (0) Emal: 1

6 5 vacon safety After dsconnectng the frequency converter from the mans, wat untl the fan stops and the ndcators on the dsplay go out. Wat 5 more mnutes before dong any work on Vacon 10 connectons. The motor can start automatcally after a fault stuaton, f the autoreset functon has been actvated 1 Tel (0) Fax +358 (0)

7 safety vacon Safety nstructons The Vacon 10 frequency converter has been desgned for fxed nstallatons only. Do not perform any measurements when the frequency converter s connected to the mans. Do not perform any voltage wthstand tests on any part of Vacon 10. The product safety s fully tested at factory. Pror to measurements on the motor or the motor cable, dsconnect the motor cable from the frequency converter. Do not open the cover of Vacon 10. Statc voltage dscharge from your fngers may damage the components. Openng the cover may also damage the devce. If the cover of Vacon 10 s opened, warranty becomes vod. 1.3 Earthng and earth fault protecton The Vacon 10 frequency converter must always be earthed wth an earthng conductor connected to the earthng termnal. See fgure below: The earth fault protecton nsde the frequency converter protects only the converter tself aganst earth faults. If fault current protectve swtches are used they must be tested wth the drve wth earth fault currents that are possble to arse n fault stuatons. 24-hour support +358 (0) Emal: 1

8 7 vacon safety 1.4 Before runnng the motor Checklst: Before startng the motor, check that the motor s mounted properly and ensure that the machne connected to the motor allows the motor to be started. Set the maxmum motor speed (frequency) accordng to the motor and the machne connected to t. Before reversng the motor shaft rotaton drecton make sure that ths can be done safely. Make sure that no power correcton capactors are connected to the motor cable. 1 Tel (0) Fax +358 (0)

9 recept of delvery vacon 8 2. RECEIPT OF DELIVERY After unpackng the product, check that no sgns of transport damages are to be found on the product and that the delvery s complete (compare the type desgnaton of the product to the code below). Should the drve have been damaged durng the shppng, please contact prmarly the cargo nsurance company or the carrer. If the delvery does not correspond to your order, contact the suppler mmedately. 2.1 Type desgnaton code Vacon L Machnery +SMO1 +EMC2 Changes to default setup: +SM01 = API RS-485 -> API Full +EMC2 = EMC C4 -> EMC C2 Verson Voltage ratng 1 = 115 Vac 2 = Vac 4 = Vac 6 = 575 Vac Current ratng 2.2 Storage Fgure 2.1: Vacon 10 type desgnaton code Input phase Product range: If the frequency converter s to be kept n store before use make sure that the ambent condtons are acceptable: Storng temperature C Relatve humdty < 95%, no condensaton 2.3 Mantenance In normal operatng condtons, Vacon 10 frequency converters are mantenancefree. 24-hour support +358 (0) Emal: 2

10 9 vacon recept of delvery 2.4 Warranty Only manufacturng defects are covered by the warranty. The manufacturer assumes no responsblty for damages caused durng or resultng from transport, recept of the delvery, nstallaton, commssonng or use. The manufacturer shall n no event and under no crcumstances be held responsble for damages and falures resultng from msuse, wrong nstallaton, unacceptable ambent temperature, dust, corrosve substances or operaton outsde the rated specfcatons. Nether can the manufacturer be held responsble for consequental damages. The Manufacturer's tme of warranty s 18 months from the delvery or 12 months from the commssonng whchever expres frst (General Condtons NL92/Orgalme S92). The local dstrbutor may grant a warranty tme dfferent from the above. Ths warranty tme shall be specfed n the dstrbutor's sales and warranty terms. Vacon assumes no responsblty for any other warrantes than that granted by Vacon tself. In all matters concernng the warranty, please contact frst your dstrbutor. 2 Tel (0) Fax +358 (0)

11 recept of delvery vacon Manufacturer s declaraton of conformty EU DECLARATION OF CONFORMITY We Manufacturer's name: Vacon Oyj Manufacturer's address: P.O.Box 25 Runsornte 7 FIN Vaasa Fnland hereby declare that the product Product name: Vacon 10 Frequency Converter Model desgnaton: Vacon 10 1L to 1L Vacon 10 1L to 1L Vacon 10 3L to 3L Vacon 10 3L to 3L Vacon 10 3L to 1L has been desgned and manufactured n accordance wth the followng standards: Safety: EN (2003) EMC: EN (2004) and conforms to the relevant safety provsons of the Low Voltage Drectve 2006/95/EC and EMC Drectve 2004/108/EC. It s ensured through nternal measures and qualty control that the product conforms at all tmes to the requrements of the current Drectve and the relevant standards. In Vaasa, 6th of May, 2008 Vesa Las Presdent 2 24-hour support +358 (0) Emal: 2

12 11 vacon nstallaton 3. INSTALLATION 3.1 Mechancal nstallaton There are two possble ways to mount Vacon 10 n the wall; ether screw or DIN-ral mountng. The mountng dmensons are gven on the back of the drve and on the followng page. MI1 MI2-3 =M 4 =M 5 Fgure 3.2: Screw mountng 1 2 Fgure 3.3: DIN-ral mountng 3 Tel (0) Fax +358 (0)

13 nstallaton vacon Vacon 10 dmensons W2 W3 D2 H1 H2 H3 W1 Fgure 3.4: Vacon 10 dmensons, MI1-MI3 D1 Type H1 H2 H3 W1 W2 W3 D1 D2 MI ,3 65,5 37,8 4,5 98,5 7 MI ,5 5,5 101,5 7 MI3 254, , ,5 108,5 7 Table 3.1: Vacon 10 dmensons n mllmetres 24-hour support (0) Emal: 3

14 13 vacon nstallaton Coolng Forced ar flow coolng s used n all Vacon 10 drves. Enough free space shall be left above and below the frequency converter to ensure suffcent ar crculaton and coolng. You wll fnd the requred dmensons for free space n the table below: Type Dmensons (mm) A B MI MI MI Table 3.2: Dmensons requred for coolng A Type Coolng ar requred (m 3 /h) MI1 10 MI2 10 MI3 30 Table 3.3: Requred coolng ar B NOTE! See the mountng dmensons on the back of the drve. Leave free space for coolng above (100 mm), below (50 mm), and on the sdes (10 mm) of Vacon 10! (Sde-to-sde nstallaton allowed only f the ambent temperature s below 40 C) EMC levels EN defnes the dvson of frequency converters nto fve classes accordng to the level of electromagnetc dsturbances emtted, the requrements of a power system network and the nstallaton envronment (see below). The EMC class of each product s defned n the type desgnaton code. Category C1: Frequency converters of ths class comply wth the requrements of category C1 of the product standard EN (2004). Category C1 ensures the best EMC characterstcs and t ncludes converters the rated voltage of whch s less than 1000V and whch are ntended for use n the 1st envronment. NOTE: The requrements of class C are fulflled only as far as the conducted emssons are concerned. Category C2: Frequency converters of ths class comply wth the requrements of category C2 of the product standard EN (2004). Category C2 ncludes converters n fxed nstallatons and the rated voltage of whch s less than 1000V. The class C2 frequency converters can be used both n the 1st and the 2nd envronment. 3 Tel (0) Fax +358 (0)

15 nstallaton vacon 14 Category C3: Frequency converters of ths class comply wth the requrements of category C3 of the product standard EN (2004). Category C3 ncludes converters the rated voltage of whch s less than 1000V and whch are ntended for use n the second envronment only. Category C4: The drves of ths class do not provde EMC emsson protecton. These knds of drves are mounted n enclosures. Category C4 for IT networks: Frequency converters of ths class fulfl the product standard EN (2004) f ntended to be used n IT systems. In IT systems, the networks are solated from earth, or connected to earth through hgh mpedance to acheve a low leakage current. NOTE: f converters are used wth other supples, no EMC requrements are compled wth. Envronments n product standard EN (2004) Frst envronment: Envronment that ncludes domestc premses. It also ncludes establshments drectly connected wthout ntermedate transformers to a low-voltage power supply network whch supples buldngs used for domestc purposes. NOTE: houses, apartments, commercal premses or offces n a resdental buldng are examples of frst envronment locatons. Second envronment: Envronment that ncludes all establshments other than those drectly connected to a low-voltage power supply network whch supples buldngs used for domestc purposes. NOTE: ndustral areas, techncal areas of any buldng fed from a dedcated transformer are examples of second envronment locatons Changng the EMC protecton class from C2 or C3 to C4 for IT networks The EMC protecton class of Vacon 10 frequency converters can be changed from class C2 or C3 to class C4 for IT networks by removng the EMC-capactor dsconnectng screw, see fgure below. Note! Do not attempt to change the EMC level back to class C2 or C3. Even f the procedure above s reversed, the frequency converter wll no longer fulfl the EMC requrements of class C2/C3! 24-hour support (0) Emal: 3

16 15 vacon nstallaton 3.2 Cablng and connectons Power cablng Note! Tghtenng torque for power cables s Nm 3~ (230V, 400V) 1~ (230V) Motor out MAINS Strp the plastc cable coatng for 360 earthng MOTOR Fgure 3.5: Vacon 10 power connectons, MI1 3~ (230V, 400V) External brake resstor 3~ (230, 400V) 1~ (230V) 1~ (115V) Motor out L1 L2/N L3 R+ R- U/T1 V/T2 W/T3 Strp the plastc cable coatng for 360 earthng MAINS BRAKE RESISTOR MOTOR Fgure 3.6: Vacon 10 power connectons, MI2 - MI3 3 Tel (0) Fax +358 (0)

17 nstallaton vacon Control cablng Attach the support AFTER nstallng the power cables Attach ths plate BEFORE nstallng the power cables Fgure 3.7: Mount the PE- plate and API cable support 24-hour support (0) Emal: 3

18 17 vacon nstallaton Fgure 3.8: Open the ld Control cable tghtenng torque: 0.4 Nm Strp the plastc cable coatng for 360 earthng Fgure 3.9: Install the control cables. See Chapter Tel (0) Fax +358 (0)

19 nstallaton vacon Cable and fuse specfcatons Use cables wth heat resstance of at least +70 C. The cables and the fuses must be dmensoned accordng to the tables below. Installaton of cables accordng to UL regulatons s presented n Chapter The fuses functon also as cable overload protecton. These nstructons apply only to cases wth one motor and one cable connecton from the frequency converter to the motor. In any other case, ask the factory for more nformaton. EMC category cat. C2 cat. C3 cat. C4 Mans cable types Motor cable types Control cable types Table 3.4: Cable types requred to meet standards. EMC categores are descrbed n Chapter Cable type Descrpton Power cable ntended for fxed nstallaton and the specfc 1 mans voltage. Shelded cable not requred. (NKCABLES/MCMK or smlar recommended) Power cable equpped wth concentrc protecton wre and 2 ntended for the specfc mans voltage. (NKCABLES /MCMK or smlar recommended). Power cable equpped wth compact low-mpedance sheld and ntended for the specfc mans voltage. 3 (NKCABLES /MCCMK, SAB/ÖZCUY-J or smlar recommended). *360º earthng of both motor and FC connecton requred to meet the standard Screened cable equpped wth compact low-mpedance sheld 4 (NKCABLES /Jamak, SAB/ÖZCuY-O or smlar). Table 3.5: Cable type descrptons 24-hour support (0) Emal: 3

20 19 vacon nstallaton Frame Type Fuse [A] Mans cable Cu [mm 2 ] Motor cable Cu [mm 2 ] Termnal cable sze (mn/max) Man termnal [mm 2 ] Earth termnal [mm 2 ] Control termnal [mm 2 ] Relay termnal [mm 2 ] MI * * MI * * Table 3.6: Cable and fuse szes for Vacon 10, 115V, 1~ Frame Type Fuse [A] Mans cable Cu [mm 2 ] Motor cable Cu [mm 2 ] Termnal cable sze (mn/max) Man termnal [mm 2 ] Earth termnal [mm 2 ] Control termnal [mm 2 ] Relay termnal [mm 2 ] V, 1~ MI * * MI * * MI *6+6 3* V, 3~ MI * * MI * * MI * * Table 3.7: Cable and fuse szes for Vacon 10, V, 1~ and 3~ Frame Type Fuse [A] Mans cable Cu [mm 2 ] Motor cable Cu [mm 2 ] Termnal cable sze (mn/max) Man termnal [mm 2 ] Earth termnal [mm 2 ] Control termnal [mm 2 ] Relay termnal [mm 2 ] MI * * MI * * MI * * Table 3.8: Cable and fuse szes for Vacon 10, V, 3~ 3 Tel (0) Fax +358 (0)

21 nstallaton vacon 20 Frame Type Fuse [A] Mans cable Cu [mm 2 ] Motor cable Cu [mm 2 ] Termnal cable sze (mn/max) Man termnal [mm 2 ] Earth termnal [mm 2 ] Control termnal [mm 2 ] Relay termnal [mm 2 ] MI * * MI * * MI * * Table 3.9: Cable and fuse szes for Vacon 10, 575V Note! To fulfl standard EN , the protectve conductor should be at least 10mm 2 Cu or 16mm 2 Al. Another possblty s to use an addtonal protectve conductor of at least the same sze as the orgnal one. 24-hour support (0) Emal: 3

22 21 vacon nstallaton General cablng rules 1 Before startng the nstallaton, check that none of the components of the frequency converter s lve. Place the motor cables suffcently far from other cables: Avod placng the motor cables n long parallel lnes wth other cables If the motor cable runs n parallel wth other cables, the mnmum dstance between the motor cable and other cables s 2 0,3 m. The gven dstance also apples between the motor cables and sgnal cables of other systems. The maxmum length of the motor cables s 30 m The motor cables should cross other cables at an angle of 90 degrees. 3 If cable nsulaton checks are needed, see Chapter Connectng the cables: Strp the motor and mans cables as advsed n Fgure Connect the mans, motor and control cables nto ther respectve termnals, see Fgures Note the tghtenng torques of power cables and control cables gven n page 15 and page 17. For nformaton on cable nstallaton accordng to UL regulatons see Chapter Make sure that the control cable wres do not come n contact wth the electronc components of the unt If an external brake resstor (opton) s used, connect ts cable to the approprate termnal. Check the connecton of the earth cable to the motor and the frequency converter termnals marked wth Connect the separate sheld of the motor cable to the earth plate of the frequency converter, motor and the supply centre 3 Tel (0) Fax +358 (0)

23 nstallaton vacon Strppng lengths of motor and mans cables Earth conductor 8 mm 8 mm 35 mm 20 mm Fgure 3.10: Strppng of cables Note! Strp also the plastc cover of the cables for 360 degree earthng. See Fgures 3.5, 3.6 and Cable nstallaton and the UL standards To meet the UL (Underwrters Laboratores) regulatons, a UL-approved copper cable wth a mnmum heat-resstance of +60/75 C must be used Cable and motor nsulaton checks These checks can be performed as follows f motor or cable nsulatons are suspected to be faulty. 1. Motor cable nsulaton checks Dsconnect the motor cable from termnals U/T1, V/T2 and W/T3 of the frequency converter and from the motor. Measure the nsulaton resstance of the motor cable between each phase conductor as well as between each phase conductor and the protectve ground conductor. The nsulaton resstance must be >1MOhm. 2. Mans cable nsulaton checks Dsconnect the mans cable from termnals L1, L2/N and L3 of the frequency converter and from the mans. Measure the nsulaton resstance of the mans cable between each phase conductor as well as between each phase conductor and the protectve ground conductor.the nsulaton resstance must be >1MOhm. 3. Motor nsulaton checks Dsconnect the motor cable from the motor and open the brdgng connectons n the motor connecton box. Measure the nsulaton resstance of each motor wndng. The measurement voltage must equal at least the motor nomnal voltage but not exceed 1000 V. The nsulaton resstance must be >1MOhm. 24-hour support (0) Emal: 3

24 23 vacon commssonng 4. COMMISSIONING Before commssonng, note the warnngs and nstructons lsted n Chapter 1! 4.1 Commssonng steps of Vacon Read carefully the safety nstructons n Chapter 1 and follow them. After the nstallaton, make sure that: both the frequency converter and the motor are grounded the mans and motor cables comply wth the requrements gven n Chapter the control cables are located as far as possble from the power cables (see Chapter, step 2) and the shelds of the shelded cables are connected to protectve earth 3 Check the qualty and quantty of coolng ar (Chapter 3.1.2) 4 Check that all Start/Stop swtches connected to the I/O termnals are n Stop-poston. 5 Connect the frequency converter to mans Note: The followng steps are vald f you have API Full or API Lmted Applcaton Interface n your Vacon Set the parameters of group 1 accordng to the requrements of your applcaton. At least the followng parameters should be set: motor nomnal voltage (par. 1.1) motor nomnal frequency (par. 1.2) motor nomnal speed (par. 1.3) motor nomnal current (par. 1.4) You wll fnd the values needed for the parameters on the motor ratng plate 4 Tel (0) Fax +358 (0)

25 commssonng vacon 24 Perform test run wthout motor. Perform ether Test A or Test B: A) Control from the I/O termnals: Turn the Start/Stop swtch to ON poston. Change the frequency reference (potentometer) Check n the Montorng Menu that the value of Output frequency changes accordng to the change of frequency reference. Turn the Start/Stop swtch to OFF poston B) Control from the keypad: Select the keypad as the control place wth par 2.5. You can also move to keypad control by pressng the navgaton wheel for 5 seconds. Push the Start button on the keypad Check n the Montorng Menu that the value of Output frequency changes accordng to the change of frequency reference Push the Stop button on the keypad Run the no-load tests wthout the motor beng connected to the process, f possble. If ths s not possble, secure the safety of each test pror to runnng t. Inform your co-workers of the tests. Swtch off the supply voltage and wat up untl the drve has stopped. Connect the motor cable to the motor and to the motor cable termnals of the frequency converter. See to that all Start/Stop swtches are n Stop postons. Swtch the mans ON Repeat test 7A or 7B Perform an dentfcaton run (see par. 1.18), especally f the applcaton requres a hgh startup torque or a hgh torque wth low speed. Connect the motor to the process (f the no-load test was run wthout the motor beng connected) Before runnng the tests, make sure that ths can be done safely. Inform your co-workers of the tests. Repeat test 7A or 7B. 24-hour support (0) Emal: 4

26 25 vacon fault tracng 5. FAULT TRACING Note: The fault codes lsted n ths chapter are vsble f the Applcaton Interface has a dsplay, lke e.g. n API FULL or API LIMITED or f a personal computer has been connected to the drve When a fault s detected by the frequency converter control electroncs, the drve s stopped and the symbol F together wth the ordnal number of the fault and the fault code appear on the dsplay n the followng format, e.g: F1 02 Fault code(02=overvoltage) Fault ordnal number (F1=latest fault) The fault can be reset by pressng the Stop button on the control keypad or va the I/ O termnal or feldbus. The faults wth tme labels are stored n the Fault hstory menu whch can be browsed. The dfferent fault codes, ther causes and correctng actons are presented n the table below. Fault code Fault name Possble cause Correctng actons 1 Overcurrent 2 Overvoltage 3 Earth fault Table 5.10: Fault codes Frequency converter has detected too hgh a current (>4*I N ) n the motor cable: sudden heavy load ncrease short crcut n motor cables unsutable motor The DC-lnk voltage has exceeded the nternal safety lmt: too short a deceleraton tme hgh overvoltage spkes n mans Current measurement has detected extra leakage current at start: nsulaton falure n cables or motor Check loadng. Check motor sze. Check cables. Increase the deceleraton tme (P.4.3) Check motor cables and motor 6 Tel (0) Fax +358 (0)

27 fault tracng vacon 26 Fault code Fault name Possble cause Correctng actons 8 System fault 9 Undervoltage Output phase supervson Frequency converter undertemperature Frequency converter overtemperature 15 Motor stalled 16 Motor overtemperature 17 Motor underload Table 5.10: Fault codes component falure faulty operaton The DC-lnk voltage has gone below the nternal safety lmt: most probable cause: too low a supply voltage frequency converter nternal fault Power outages Current measurement has detected that there s no current n one motor phase Heat snk temperature s under - 10 C Heat snk s overheated. Motor stall protecton has trpped Motor overheatng has been detected by frequency converter motor temperature model. Motor s overloaded Motor underload protecton has trpped Reset the fault and restart. Should the fault re-occur, contact the dstrbutor near to you NOTE! If fault F8 occurs, fnd out the subcode of the fault from the Fault Hstory menu under M (mnutes)! In case of temporary supply voltage break reset the fault and restart the frequency converter. Check the supply voltage. If t s adequate, an nternal falure has occurred. Contact the dstrbutor near to you Check motor cable and motor Check the ambent temperature Check that the coolng ar flow s not blocked. Check the ambent temperature. Make sure that the swtchng frequency s not too hgh n relaton to ambent temperature and motor load. Check that the motor s able to rotate freely Decrease the motor load. If no motor overload exsts, check the temperature model parameters. Check motor and load, e.g. for broken belts or dry pumps 24-hour support +358 (0) Emal: 6

28 27 vacon fault tracng Fault code Fault name Possble cause Correctng actons 22 EEPROM checksum fault 25 Mcrocontroller watchdog fault 27 Back EMF protecton 34 Internal bus communcaton 35 Applcaton fault 41 IGBT Overtemperature 50 Analogue nput I n < 4mA (selected sgnal range 4 to 20 ma) 51 External fault 53 Feldbus fault Parameter save fault faulty operaton component falure faulty operaton component falure Drve has detected that the magnetzed motor s runnng n start stuaton A rotatng PM-motor Ambent nterference or defectve hardware Applcaton s not workng properly Overtemperature alarm s ssued when the IGBT swtch temperature exceeds 110 C Current at the analogue nput s < 4mA control cable s broken or loose sgnal source has faled Dgtal nput fault. Dgtal nput has been programmed as external fault nput and ths nput s actve. The data connecton between the feldbus Master and the feldbus of the drve broken 57 Idenfcaton fault Identfcaton run has faled. Table 5.10: Fault codes Contact the dstrbutor near to you Reset the fault and restart. Should the fault re-occur, contact the dstrbutor near to you. Make sure that there s no rotatng PM-motor when the start command s gven. Should the fault re-occur, contact the dstrbutor near to you. Contact the dstrbutor near to you Check loadng. Check motor sze. Make dentfcaton run. Check the current loop crcutry Check nstallaton. If nstallaton s correct contact the nearest Vacon dstrbutor. Run command was removed before completon of dentfcaton run. Motor s not connected to frequency converter. There s load on motor shaft 6 Tel (0) Fax +358 (0)

29 vacon 10 ap vacon VACON 10 APPLICATION INTERFACE 6.1 Introducton There are three versons of Applcaton Interfaces (API) avalable for the Vacon 10 drve: API Full API Lmted API RS-485 (Modbus RTU) 6 Dgtal nputs 3 Dgtal nputs 1 Dgtal nput 2 Analogue nputs 1 Analogue nput 1 Relay output 1 Analogue output 1 Relay output RS-485 Interface 1 Dgtal output RS-485 Interface 2 Relay outputs RS-485 Interface Table 6.1: Avalable Applcaton Interfaces Ths secton provdes you wth a descrpton of the I/O-sgnals for these versons and nstructons for usng the Vacon 10 general purpose applcaton. The frequency reference can be selected from the analogue nputs, feldbus, preset speeds or keypad. Basc propertes: Dgtal nputs DI1 DI6 are freely programmable. The user can assgn a sngle nput to many functons Dgtal-, relay- and analogue outputs are freely programmable Analogue nput 1 can be programmed as current or voltage nput n API Lmted verson Specal features n all API versons: Programmable Start/Stop and Reverse sgnal logc Reference scalng. Programmable start and stop functons DC-brake at start and stop Programmable U/f curve Adjustable swtchng frequency Autoreset functon after fault Protectons and supervsons (all fully programmable; off, alarm, fault): 24-hour support +358 (0) Emal: 6

30 29 vacon vacon 10 ap Current sgnal nput fault External fault Undervoltage fault Earth fault Motor thermal, stall and underload protecton Feldbus communcaton Specal features n API Full and API Lmted: 8 preset speeds Analogue nput range selecton, sgnal scalng and flterng PI-controller 6 Tel (0) Fax +358 (0)

31 vacon 10 ap vacon Control I/O ma Reference Potentometer:1~ 10K +/- 5% Termnal Sgnal Factory preset Descrpton 1 +10Vre Ref. voltage out Maxmum load 10 ma 2 AI1 Analog sgnal n 1 Freq. reference P) V R = 200 k Ω (mn) 3 GND I/O sgnal ground 6 24Vout 24V output for DI's ±20 %, max. load 50 ma 7 GND I/O sgnal ground 8 DI1 Dgtal nput 1 Start forward P) V R = 12 kωmn 9 DI2 Dgtal nput 2 Start reverse P) 10 DI3 Dgtal nput 3 Preset speed B0 P) A A RS485 sgnal A FB Communcaton Postve B B RS485 sgnal B FB Communcaton Negatve 4 AI2 Analog sgnal n 2 PI actual value P) 0(4) - 20 ma, R = 200Ω 5 GND I/O sgnal ground 13 GND I/O sgnal ground 14 DI4 Dgtal nput 4 Preset speed B1 P) V R = 12 k Ω 15 DI5 Dgtal nput 5 Fault reset P) (mn) 16 DI6 Dgtal nput 6 Dsable PI contr. P) 18 AO Output frequency P) 0(4) - 20 ma, RL = 500Ω 20 DO Dgtal sgnal out Actve = READY P) Open collector, max. load 48V/50mA 22 RO 13 Relay out 1 Actve = RUN P) Max. swtchng load: 23 RO Vac/2A or 250Vdc/ 0,4A 24 RO 22 Relay out 2 Actve = FAULT P) Max. swtchng load: 25 RO RO 24 API FULL 250Vac/2A or 250Vdc/ 0,4A Table 6.2: Vacon 10 General purpose applcaton default I/O confguraton and connectons for API FULL verson P) = Programmable functon, see parameter lsts and descrptons, chapters 8 and hour support +358 (0) Emal: 6

32 31 vacon vacon 10 ap API LIMITED Termnal Sgnal Factory preset Descrpton 1 +10Vre Ref. voltage out Maxmum load 10 ma 2 AI1 Analog sgnal n 1 Freq. reference P) Can be changed to 0(4)mA - 20mA current nput wth the dp swtch (see ch ) V R = 200 k Ω 3 GND I/O sgnal ground 6 24Vout 24V output for DI's ±20 %, max. load 50 ma 7 GND I/O sgnal ground 8 DI1 Dgtal nput 1 Start forward P) V R = 12 kωmn 9 DI2 Dgtal nput 2 Start reverse P) 10 DI3 Dgtal nput 3 Preset speed B0 P) A A RS485 sgnal A FB Communcaton Postve B B RS485 sgnal B FB Communcaton Negatve 24 RO 22 Relay out 2 ACTIVE (Relay Max. swtchng load: 25 RO 21 opened) = FAULT P) 250Vac/2A or 250Vdc/ 0,4A Table 6.3: Vacon 10 General purpose applcaton default I/O confguraton and connectons for API LIMITED verson P) = Programmable functon, parameter lsts and descrptons, chapters 8 and 9. API RS-485 Termnal Sgnal Factory preset Descrpton 3 GND I/O sgnal ground 6 24Vout 24V output for DI's ±20 %, max. load 50 ma 7 GND I/O sgnal ground 8 DI1 Dgtal nput 1 1 = Start forward V R = 12 kωmn A A RS485 sgnal A FB Communcaton Postve B B RS485 sgnal B FB Communcaton Negatve 24 RO 22 Relay out 2 ACTIVE (Relay Max. swtchng load: 25 RO 21 opened) = FAULT P) 250Vac/2A or 250Vdc/ 0,4A Table 6.4: Vacon 10 General purpose applcaton default I/O confguraton and connectons for API RS-485 verson P) = Programmable functon, parameter lsts and descrptons, chapters 8 and 9. 6 Tel (0) Fax +358 (0)

33 control panel vacon CONTROL PANEL 7.1 General The Vacon 10 API Full and API Lmted versons have smlar control panels. The panel s ntegrated to the drve consstng of correspondng applcaton card and an overlay on the drve cover wth status dsplay and button clarfcatons. The Control panel conssts of an LCD dsplay wth backlght and a keypad ncludng a navgaton wheel, a green START button and a red STOP button (see Fgure 7.11). 7.2 Dsplay The dsplay ncludes 14-segment and 7-segment blocks, arrowheads and clear text unt symbols. The arrowheads, when vsble, ndcate some nformaton about the drve, whch s prnted n clear text on the overlay (numbers 1 14 n the fgure below). The arrowheads are grouped n 3 groups wth the followng meanngs and Englsh overlay texts (see Fgure 7.11): Group 1-5; Drve status 1= Drve s ready to start (READY) 2= Drve s runnng (RUN) 3= Drve has stopped (STOP) 4= Alarm condton s actve (ALARM) 5= Drve has stopped due to a fault (FAULT) Group 6-10; Control selectons 6= Motor s rotatng forward (FWD) 7= Motor s rotatng reverse (REV) 8= I/O termnal block s the selected control place (I/O) 9= Keypad s the selected control place (KEYPAD) 10= Feldbus s the selected control place (BUS) Group 11-14; Navgaton man menu 11= Reference man menu (REF) 12= Montorng man menu (MON) 13= Parameter man menu (PAR) 14= Fault hstory man menu (FLT) 24-hour support +358 (0) Emal: 7

34 33 vacon control panel Navgaton wheel Stop button Start button 7.3 Keypad Fgure 7.11: Vacon 10 Control panel The keypad secton of the control panel conssts of a navgaton wheel and START and STOP buttons (see Fgure 7.11). The navgaton wheel s used for navgatng on the panel dsplay, but t also works as a reference potentometer when KEYPAD has been selected as the control place of the drve. The wheel has two separate functons; - rotatng the wheel e.g. for changng parameter value (12 steps / round) - pressng the wheel e.g. for acceptng the new value. The drve stops always, regardless of the selected control place, by pressng the keypad STOP button. The drve starts by pressng the keypad START button, but only f the selected control place s KEYPAD. NOTE! You can quckly change the actve control place from remote (I/O or feldbus) to local (keypad) by pressng the navgaton wheel for about 5 seconds! 7 Tel (0) Fax +358 (0)

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