Evaluating and Reforming Urban Schools

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Evaluating and Reforming Urban Schools"

Transcription

1 Evaluating and Reforming Urban Schools Holger Sieg University of Pennsylvania November 2, 2015

2 The U.S. Education System The U.S. system of public education is generally perceived as in need of some serious reform by most measures. Real dollar spending per student for K-12 public education has risen from $6,650 (2007 dollars) in 1970 to $11,286 in Student achievement performance in reading and math by age 17 has remained essentially flat since that date. International comparison of test performances in mathematics and science shows that U.S. students typically rank in the bottom quartile of test performance. The U.S. is spending more resources; getting nothing more in learning for the effort; and falling behind the rest of world in math and science. Not an enviable record. The purpose of this lecture is to discuss how we can empirical methods to determine which reform options are promising.

3 Example: Pittsburgh Public Schools Allegheny county has a population of 1,281,669 persons in The City of Pittsburgh has a population of 334,563. The racial make-up was 67 percent White and 27 percent African American. The county has 130 municipalities and 42 school districts, each governing itself. In 2007 Pittsburgh Public Schools operated 65 schools with 5,180 full-time employees and serves 29,445 students with an operating budget of $533.6 million.

4 Enrollment: PIT vs PHL

5 Expenditures: PIT vs PHL

6 Student Teacher Ratio: PIT vs PHL

7 Grade 11 Reading: Increased 2.4 points (4.8%) from 2009 and decreased 0.6 points (1.1%) since Advanced: Increased 3.2 points (13.8%) from 2009 and 5.9 points (28.7%) since

8 Grade 11 Mathematics Proficiency: Decreased 0.3 points (0.7%) from 2009 and 1.4 points (3.2%) since Advanced: Increased 6.1 points (36.3%) from 2009 and 4.3 points (23.2%) since

9 Policy Reform Options Early childhood education programs. Competition within the public school system: magnet schools. Competition among public schools: charter schools. Private school competition and school choice: vouchers. Gifted Education

10 Early Childhood Education The HighScope Perry Preschool Project provided early childhood education for disadvantaged children in In contrast to existing nursery school programs, the Perry program focused on a child s intellectual maturation rather than a child s social and emotional advances. It was evaluated in a randomized controlled trial of 123 children (58 were randomly assigned to a treatment group). The Rate of Return to the Highscope Perry Preschool Program, by James J. Heckman, Seong Hyeok Moon, Rodrigo Pinto, Peter A. Savelyev and Adam Yavitz; Journal of Public Economics, They provide empirical evidence which suggests that educational, employment and other outcomes for the children receiving the program were slightly better to outcomes for the children not receiving the program. The biggest social returns come from differences in crime (small sample).

11 Magnet Schools Magnet schools are public schools with specialized courses or curricula. Magnet refers to how the schools draw students from across the normal school zones that feed into regular public schools. Magnet schools emerged in the United States in the 1960 s as one means of remedying racial segregation in public schools. Some magnet schools have a competitive entrance process, requiring an entrance examination, interview, or audition. Other magnet schools select all students who apply or use a lottery system, or a system combining some elements of competitive entrance and a lottery. Most magnet schools concentrate on a particular discipline or area of study, while others such as International Baccalaureate schools have a more general focus.

12 Oversubscribed Magnet Programs Many of the most popular magnet programs are oversubscribed. School district runs a variety of lotteries to determine access. A lottery can be viewed as randomized experiment, where randomization occurs at the admission stage, and not at the participation stage. The lottery is binding in the sense that students with lower numbers are accepted, higher numbered students are rejected

13 Lotteries as a Quasi-Experimental Design If the lotteries are fair and balanced, the randomization should create treatment and control groups that have similar observed and unobserved characteristics. Suppose that individuals comply with the intended treatment: all students that win the lottery attend the magnet school and all students that lose the lottery do not attend a magnet school. From the lottery winners, we obtain: E[Y D = 1, W = 1] = E[Y 1 D = 1] (1) From he lottery losers, we obtain E[Y D = 1, W = 0] = E[Y 0 D = 1] (2) Hence lotteries give rise to a quasi-experimental design with proper randomization.

14 Effectiveness of Oversubscribed Magnet Schools Engberg, J., Epple, D., Imbrogno, J., Sieg, H. and R. Zimmer (2013), Evaluating Education Programs that have Lotteried Admission and Selective Attrition. Journal of Labor Economics. They study the effectiveness of magnet programs in Pittsburgh. They find that magnet programs are effective tools to attract and retain middle class households in urban districts. However, the differential retention rates create a differential attrition problem which makes it more difficult to evaluate the impact of the program on other outcomes such as student achievement. Overall the effect on achievement seem to be small.

15 Effectiveness of Oversubscribed Charter Schools Charter Schools are part of the public education system and are not allowed to charge tuition. In exchange these schools are accountable for student achievement. But they are not subject to some of the rules, regulations, and statutes that apply to other public schools. There are currently 80 charter schools in Philadelphia. A. Abdulkadiroglu, J. Angrist, S. Dynarski, T.J. Kane, and P.A. Pathak (2011), Accountability and Flexibility of Public Schools: Evidence from Boston s Charters and Pilots. Quarterly Journal of Economics. Lottery estimates show large and significant score gains for charter students in middle and high school. Charter schools with binding assignment lotteries appear to generate larger gains than other charters.

16 The Effectiveness of Vouchers Educational vouchers provide a fixed amount of money given by the government to families with school-age children, who can spend it at any type of school, public or private. Vouchers put private schools and public schools on equal footing. Rouse (1998) studies the Milwaukee voucher program. She focuses on oversubscribed schools that randomly admit students. Vouchers increased test scores by 1-2 percentage points. Recent evidence suggests that vouchers have a more substantial effect on high school graduation rates. Angrist et al. (2002) focus on Columbian vouchers distributed by lottery. Voucher winners 10 percent more likely to finish 8th grade, scored higher on standardized tests.

17 Gifted Programs Gifted programs have the dual objective of engaging and challenging gifted students to reach advanced levels of achievement as well as attracting and retaining students who might otherwise leave for suburban or private schools. Specialized lab schools, such as Masterman in Philadelphia, are also gifted programs. Gifted programs often employ IQ thresholds for admission, with those above the threshold being admitted. Assignment based on thresholds is not random, nevertheless we can use these thresholds to evaluate the program. The intuition is that participants slightly above the threshold and non-participants slightly below the threshold are likely to be similar.

18 Sample District (K-12) Tested Admitted Male African American Subsidized Lunch Income (11153) (13967) (16058) IQ (12.2) (7.7) Math (221) (177) (182) Reading (217) (163) (150) Offenses (1.884) (0.950) (0.521) 1 year retention year retention Standard deviations in parentheses.

19 Figure: Proportion Gifted by Max(FSIQ,GAI)

20 The Regression Discontinuity Design This is another quasi-experimental design that is popular to evaluate educational interventions. Let Z denote the observed IQ score. The probability to participate in the program is defined as: E[D Z] = Pr{D = 1 Z} (3) The RD design is then based on the assumption that Pr{D = 1 Z} is known to be discontinuous at Z 0. The basic idea is then to compare outcomes of individuals who are just below and just above the cut-off value.

21 Potential Outcome Recall that: then we obtain Y = Y 0 + (Y 1 Y 0 ) D = Y 0 + D (4) E[Y ] = E[Y 0 ] + E[ D] (5) If is constant among individuals that receive the treatment, then we have: E[Y ] = E[Y 0 ] + E[D] (6)

22 Local Treatment Effects Let e > 0 denote an arbitrarily small positive number. Then we have in the constant treatment case: E[Y Z = Z 0 + e] E[Y Z = Z 0 e] = (E[D Z = Z 0 + e] E[D Z = Z 0 e]) + E[Y 0 Z = Z 0 + e] E[Y 0 Z = Z 0 e] If we assume that E[Y 0 Z] is continuous at Z 0, the second term in the equation above vanishes in the limit. As a consequence, the treatment effect is identified from the following equation: = lim e 0 E[Y Z = Z 0 + e] E[Y Z = Z 0 e] E[D Z = Z 0 + e] E[D Z = Z 0 e] (7)

23 From a Broader Perspective The important question is What is good for students? not What is good for school districts?. Movement of more affluent students up the district income hierarchy may be beneficial if such relocations provide access to better educational opportunities. If peer effects are important, the departure of high SES or high ability students from urban schools adversely affect those who remain. This is the classic peer effect dilemma. The current decentralization of districts provides no mechanism for assessing or addressing such tradeoffs. As a consequence, the U.S. primary and secondary education system is highly segregated based on SES status, race, and ethnicity, which results in unequal access to economic opportunities.

From Birth to School: Examining the Effects of Early Childhood Programs on Educational Outcomes in NC

From Birth to School: Examining the Effects of Early Childhood Programs on Educational Outcomes in NC From Birth to School: Examining the Effects of Early Childhood Programs on Educational Outcomes in NC Update with Preliminary Results March 16, 2011 Kenneth Dodge dodge@duke.edu Helen Ladd hladd@duke.edu

More information

STUDENTS WITH DISABILITIES ATTENDING PUBLIC CHARTER SCHOOLS

STUDENTS WITH DISABILITIES ATTENDING PUBLIC CHARTER SCHOOLS STUDENTS WITH DISABILITIES ATTENDING PUBLIC CHARTER SCHOOLS. IMPORTANT: ELC's publications are intended to give you a general idea of the law. However, each situation is different. If, after reading our

More information

Early Childhood Advocates Push for Investment

Early Childhood Advocates Push for Investment Early Childhood Advocates Push for Investment Study Suggests Preschool Pays for Itself in Net Bene

More information

February 2003 Report No. 03-17

February 2003 Report No. 03-17 February 2003 Report No. 03-17 Bright Futures Contributes to Improved College Preparation, Affordability, and Enrollment at a glance Since the Bright Futures program was created in 1997, Florida s high

More information

Student Achievement in Massachusetts Charter Schools. January 2011

Student Achievement in Massachusetts Charter Schools. January 2011 Student Achievement in Massachusetts Charter Schools January 2011 Joshua D. Angrist Sarah R. Cohodes Susan M. Dynarski Jon B. Fullerton Thomas J. Kane Parag A. Pathak Christopher R. Walters Massachusetts

More information

CHARTER SCHOOL PERFORMANCE IN PENNSYLVANIA. credo.stanford.edu

CHARTER SCHOOL PERFORMANCE IN PENNSYLVANIA. credo.stanford.edu CHARTER SCHOOL PERFORMANCE IN PENNSYLVANIA credo.stanford.edu April 2011 TABLE OF CONTENTS INTRODUCTION... 3 DISTRIBUTION OF CHARTER SCHOOL PERFORMANCE IN PENNSYLVANIA... 7 CHARTER SCHOOL IMPACT BY DELIVERY

More information

ILLINOIS DISTRICT REPORT CARD

ILLINOIS DISTRICT REPORT CARD -63-56-6- McHenry CHSD 56 McHenry CHSD 56 McHenry, ILLINOIS 2 ILLINOIS DISTRICT REPORT CARD and federal laws require public school districts to release report cards to the public each year. Starting in

More information

Andhra Pradesh School Choice Project Proposal

Andhra Pradesh School Choice Project Proposal Andhra Pradesh School Choice Project Proposal 1. Background: In recent years, access to primary education has expanded tremendously in India and gender gaps have narrowed. Approximately 95% of both boys

More information

2. The AEC must be identified in AskTED (the Texas School Directory database) as an alternative campus.

2. The AEC must be identified in AskTED (the Texas School Directory database) as an alternative campus. 2. The AEC must be identified in AskTED (the Texas School Directory database) as an alternative campus. 3. The AEC must be dedicated to serving students at risk of dropping out of school as defined in

More information

Connecting Education and Economic Development

Connecting Education and Economic Development Connecting Education and Economic Development Selected Characteristics of Texas Education 2nd in Total Student Enrollment 1st in Total Student Enrollment Growth 1st in Hispanic Student Enrollment Growth

More information

The Effects of Early Education on Children in Poverty

The Effects of Early Education on Children in Poverty The Effects of Early Education on Children in Poverty Anna D. Johnson Doctor of Education Student Developmental Psychology Department of Human Development Teachers College, Columbia University Introduction

More information

Do charter schools cream skim students and increase racial-ethnic segregation?

Do charter schools cream skim students and increase racial-ethnic segregation? Do charter schools cream skim students and increase racial-ethnic segregation? Ron Zimmer, Michigan State University Brian Gill and Kevin Booker, Mathematica Policy Research Stephane Lavertu and John Witte,

More information

Early Childhood Education. Remarks by. Ben S. Bernanke. Chairman. Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System. via prerecorded video.

Early Childhood Education. Remarks by. Ben S. Bernanke. Chairman. Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System. via prerecorded video. For release on delivery 8:45 a.m. EDT July 24, 2012 Early Childhood Education Remarks by Ben S. Bernanke Chairman Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System via prerecorded video to the Children

More information

The Milwaukee Parental Choice Program

The Milwaukee Parental Choice Program The Milwaukee Parental Choice Program Description of Program The publicly-funded Milwaukee Parental Choice program has been in existence since 1990. Between 1990 and 1994, the number of students in the

More information

Charter School Demand and Effectiveness A Boston Update. Prepared for The Boston Foundation and NewSchools Venture Fund

Charter School Demand and Effectiveness A Boston Update. Prepared for The Boston Foundation and NewSchools Venture Fund U N D E R S T A N D I N G B O S T O N Charter School Demand and Effectiveness A Boston Update Prepared for The Boston Foundation and NewSchools Venture Fund October 2013 The Boston Foundation The Boston

More information

CHARTER SCHOOL PERFORMANCE IN INDIANA. credo.stanford.edu

CHARTER SCHOOL PERFORMANCE IN INDIANA. credo.stanford.edu CHARTER SCHOOL PERFORMANCE IN INDIANA credo.stanford.edu March 2011 TABLE OF CONTENTS INTRODUCTION... 3 CHARTER SCHOOL IMPACT BY STUDENTS YEARS OF ENROLLMENT AND AGE OF SCHOOL... 6 DISTRIBUTION OF CHARTER

More information

Randomized Evaluations of Interventions in Social Service Delivery

Randomized Evaluations of Interventions in Social Service Delivery Randomized Evaluations of Interventions in Social Service Delivery By Esther Duflo, Rachel Glennerster, and Michael Kremer What is the most effective way to increase girls participation in school? How

More information

Myths and Realities in Public Education

Myths and Realities in Public Education Myths and Realities in Public Education All too often, public schools have been defined by a few narrow measures, cherrypicked data that neither puts public schools in the most positive light nor provides

More information

ELEMENTARY AND SECONDARY EDUCATION ACT

ELEMENTARY AND SECONDARY EDUCATION ACT ELEMENTARY AND SECONDARY EDUCATION ACT Comparison of the No Child Left Behind Act to the Every Student Succeeds Act Congress passed the Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA) 1 to replace the No Child Left

More information

STUDENTS WITH DISABILITIES ATTENDING PUBLIC CHARTER SCHOOLS

STUDENTS WITH DISABILITIES ATTENDING PUBLIC CHARTER SCHOOLS Making sure that all of Pennsylvania s children have access to quality public schools STUDENTS WITH DISABILITIES ATTENDING PUBLIC CHARTER SCHOOLS IMPORTANT: ELC's publications are intended to give you

More information

This act shall be known and may be cited as the Oklahoma Charter Schools Act. ( )

This act shall be known and may be cited as the Oklahoma Charter Schools Act. ( ) Section 42.11. Charter Schools Incentive Fund. A. There is hereby created in the State Treasury a fund to be designated the Charter Schools Incentive Fund. The fund shall be a continuing fund, not subject

More information

An overview of Value-Added Assessment

An overview of Value-Added Assessment An overview of Value-Added Assessment Ted Hershberg Director, Operation Public Education Professor, Public Policy and History University of Pennsylvania Without much thought, we answer: Good schools are

More information

Education Next Program on Education Policy and Governance Survey 2014

Education Next Program on Education Policy and Governance Survey 2014 Education Next Program on Education Policy and Governance For details on the methodology behind these survey responses, please see No Common Opinion on the Common Core: Also teacher grades, school choices,

More information

Bryan Middle School. Bryan Middle School. Not Actual School Data. 100 Central Dr Anywhere, DE 19900 (555) 555-5555. Administration.

Bryan Middle School. Bryan Middle School. Not Actual School Data. 100 Central Dr Anywhere, DE 19900 (555) 555-5555. Administration. O Hare School District Emma Haviland 100 Central Dr Anywhere, DE 19900 (555) 555-5555 Administration Principal Assistant Principal Assistant Principal Emma Haviland Stan Westfield Barbara Powell Accountability

More information

July 1, 2014. Dr. William Keresztes Interim Superintendent Buffalo Public Schools 712 City Hall Buffalo, New York 14202

July 1, 2014. Dr. William Keresztes Interim Superintendent Buffalo Public Schools 712 City Hall Buffalo, New York 14202 July 1, 2014 Dr. William Keresztes Interim Superintendent Buffalo Public Schools 712 City Hall Buffalo, New York 14202 Re: Case No. 02-14-1077 Buffalo Public Schools Dear Dr. Keresztes: This letter is

More information

Admission Lotteries: The Ins and Outs. Carol Aust Director of Operations and Partnership Development Public Charter School Alliance of South Carolina

Admission Lotteries: The Ins and Outs. Carol Aust Director of Operations and Partnership Development Public Charter School Alliance of South Carolina Admission Lotteries: The Ins and Outs Carol Aust Director of Operations and Partnership Development Public Charter School Alliance of South Carolina 1 How can we make sure Charters are casting a wide net?

More information

Investments in Pennsylvania s early childhood programs pay off now and later

Investments in Pennsylvania s early childhood programs pay off now and later Issue Brief Project Partnership Name for America s Economic Success Investments in Pennsylvania s early childhood programs pay off now and later American children are struggling to achieve. The majority

More information

Testimony before the Basic Education Funding Commission October 21, 2014

Testimony before the Basic Education Funding Commission October 21, 2014 Testimony before the Basic Education Funding Commission October 21, 2014 Good morning. My name is Patrick Dowd and I am the executive director of Allies for Children, a nonpartisan, child advocacy nonprofit

More information

March 2004 Report No. 04-23

March 2004 Report No. 04-23 March 2004 Report No. 04-23 Most Bright Futures Scholars Perform Well and Remain Enrolled in College at a glance Bright Futures scholarship recipients perform well in college. Students who receive Bright

More information

CHARTER SCHOOL QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS

CHARTER SCHOOL QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS CHARTER SCHOOL QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS Q. What are charter schools? A. Charter schools are public, nonsectarian, independent schools that operate independently of a local or regional board of education pursuant

More information

Public Housing and Public Schools: How Do Students Living in NYC Public Housing Fare in School?

Public Housing and Public Schools: How Do Students Living in NYC Public Housing Fare in School? Furman Center for real estate & urban policy New York University school of law wagner school of public service november 2008 Policy Brief Public Housing and Public Schools: How Do Students Living in NYC

More information

QUESTIONS TO ASK BEFORE YOU ENROLL YOUR CHILD IN A CHARTER SCHOOL

QUESTIONS TO ASK BEFORE YOU ENROLL YOUR CHILD IN A CHARTER SCHOOL QUESTIONS TO ASK BEFORE YOU ENROLL YOUR CHILD IN A CHARTER SCHOOL IMPORTANT: ELC's publications are intended to give you a general idea of the law. However, each situation is different. If, after reading

More information

Learning from Lotteries: Using Administrative Data to Estimate the Short- and Long-Run Effects of Charter Schools

Learning from Lotteries: Using Administrative Data to Estimate the Short- and Long-Run Effects of Charter Schools Learning from Lotteries: Using Administrative Data to Estimate the Short- and Long-Run Effects of Charter Schools Professor Susan Dynarski University of Michigan & National Bureau of Economic Research

More information

Atrisco Heritage Academy High

Atrisco Heritage Academy High District: Albuquerque Public s Grade Range: 0912 Code: 1576 Grade Report Card 20112012 inal Grade D Performance in ath and Reading Current Standing How did your students perform in the most recent school

More information

YEAR 3 REPORT: EVOLUTION OF PERFORMANCE MANAGEMENT ALBANY NY CHARTER SCHOO CHARTER SCHOOL PERFORMANCE IN NEW YORK CITY. credo.stanford.

YEAR 3 REPORT: EVOLUTION OF PERFORMANCE MANAGEMENT ALBANY NY CHARTER SCHOO CHARTER SCHOOL PERFORMANCE IN NEW YORK CITY. credo.stanford. YEAR 3 REPORT: EVOLUTION OF PERFORMANCE MANAGEMENT CHARTER SCHOOL PERFORMANCE IN NEW YORK CITY IN credo.stanford.edu ALBANY NY CHARTER SCHOO January 2010 SUMMARY This report supplements the CREDO National

More information

How to Randomize. Nassreena Sampaco-Baddiri Innovations for Poverty Action Philippines. 3 rd September, 2014

How to Randomize. Nassreena Sampaco-Baddiri Innovations for Poverty Action Philippines. 3 rd September, 2014 How to Randomize Nassreena Sampaco-Baddiri Innovations for Poverty Action Philippines 3 rd September, 2014 Lecture Overview Unit and method of randomization Real-world constraints Revisiting unit and method

More information

U.S. Department of Education - EDCAPS G5-Technical Review Form (New)

U.S. Department of Education - EDCAPS G5-Technical Review Form (New) U.S. Department of Education - EDCAPS G5-Technical Review Form (New) Status: Submitted Last Updated: 8/25/214 5:25 PM Technical Review Coversheet Applicant: Reader #1: ********** Success Academy Charter

More information

ESE and Charter Schools RIGHTS AND RESPONSIBILITIES

ESE and Charter Schools RIGHTS AND RESPONSIBILITIES ESE and Charter Schools RIGHTS AND RESPONSIBILITIES Overview Charter landscape ESE in Florida charter schools Responsibilities for schools and districts Do s and don ts Discussion Charter schools at a

More information

NAEYC SUMMARY OF EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATOR/PROGRAM PROVISIONS IN THE HIGHER EDUCATION OPPORTUNITY ACT OF 2008 PUBLIC LAW 110-315

NAEYC SUMMARY OF EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATOR/PROGRAM PROVISIONS IN THE HIGHER EDUCATION OPPORTUNITY ACT OF 2008 PUBLIC LAW 110-315 NAEYC SUMMARY OF EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATOR/PROGRAM PROVISIONS IN THE HIGHER EDUCATION OPPORTUNITY ACT OF 2008 PUBLIC LAW 110-315 The Higher Education Act of 1965 (HEA) had not been reauthorized for many

More information

Conley, D. T. (2010). College and Career Ready: Helping all Students Succeed Beyond High School. San Francisco: Jossey Bass.

Conley, D. T. (2010). College and Career Ready: Helping all Students Succeed Beyond High School. San Francisco: Jossey Bass. 1 Conley, D. T. (2010). College and Career Ready: Helping all Students Succeed Beyond High School. San Francisco: Jossey Bass. (Abstract prepared for AVID Postsecondary by Harriet Howell Custer, Ph.D.)

More information

The contributions of school quality and teacher qualifications to student performance: Evidence from a natural experiment in Beijing middle schools

The contributions of school quality and teacher qualifications to student performance: Evidence from a natural experiment in Beijing middle schools Forthcoming in Journal of Human Resources The contributions of school quality and teacher qualifications to student performance: Evidence from a natural experiment in Beijing middle schools Fang Lai New

More information

Parent Attitudes About Education in Arizona: 2004 TECHNICAL APPENDICES

Parent Attitudes About Education in Arizona: 2004 TECHNICAL APPENDICES Parent Attitudes About Education in Arizona: 2004 TECHNICAL APPENDICES Arizona Education Policy Initiative (AEPI) Education Policy Studies Laboratory College of Education Division of Educational Leadership

More information

Sept. 3, 2014 Prashant Loyalka and Hongmei YI

Sept. 3, 2014 Prashant Loyalka and Hongmei YI Role of Impact Evaluation: Evaluating Expansion of Vocational Education and Laying the Foundation for Further Vocational Education/Upper Secondary School Evaluation Sept. 3, 2014 Prashant Loyalka and Hongmei

More information

Implementing RTI Using Title I, Title III, and CEIS Funds

Implementing RTI Using Title I, Title III, and CEIS Funds Implementing RTI Using Title I, Title III, and CEIS Funds Key Issues for Decision-makers U.S. Department of Education 1 As Response to Intervention, or RTI expands across the country, the question we at

More information

MAINE K-12 & SCHOOL CHOICE SURVEY What Do Voters Say About K-12 Education?

MAINE K-12 & SCHOOL CHOICE SURVEY What Do Voters Say About K-12 Education? MAINE K-12 & SCHOOL CHOICE SURVEY What Do Voters Say About K-12 Education? Interview Dates: January 30 to February 6, 2013 Sample Frame: Registered Voters Sample Sizes: MAINE = 604 Split Sample Sizes:

More information

Mansfield School District

Mansfield School District 78-00 STRATEGIC SCHOOL PROFILE Mansfield School GORDON SCHIMMEL, Superintendent Telephone: 860-429-3350 This profile was produced by the Connecticut State Department of Education in accordance with CT

More information

What Do America s Traditional Forms of School Choice Teach Us about School Choice Reforms?

What Do America s Traditional Forms of School Choice Teach Us about School Choice Reforms? What Do America s Traditional Forms of School Choice Teach Us about School Choice Reforms? Caroline M. Hoxby The majority of U.S. states are currently considering or have recently passed reforms that increase

More information

Early Childhood Education: A Strategy for Closing the Achievement Gap

Early Childhood Education: A Strategy for Closing the Achievement Gap Early Childhood Education: A Strategy for Closing the Achievement Gap The achievement gap can be considerably minimized with exposure to high-quality pre-kindergarten. Closing Achievement Gaps: Future

More information

Policy Position Charter and Cyber Charter School Law March 2013

Policy Position Charter and Cyber Charter School Law March 2013 Policy Position Charter and Cyber Charter School Law March 2013 Background The passage of Pennsylvania s charter school law in the late 1990s gave children and families more choices within public education

More information

OPERATING STANDARDS FOR IDENTIFYING AND SERVING GIFTED STUDENTS

OPERATING STANDARDS FOR IDENTIFYING AND SERVING GIFTED STUDENTS OPERATING STANDARDS FOR IDENTIFYING AND SERVING GIFTED STUDENTS Ohio Administrative Code 3301-51-15 March 2008 3301-51-15 Operating standards for identifying and serving gifted students. (A) Definitions

More information

Rethinking the Cultural Context of Schooling Decisions in Disadvantaged Neighborhoods: From Deviant Subculture to Cultural Heterogeneity

Rethinking the Cultural Context of Schooling Decisions in Disadvantaged Neighborhoods: From Deviant Subculture to Cultural Heterogeneity Rethinking the Cultural Context of Schooling Decisions in Disadvantaged Neighborhoods: From Deviant Subculture to Cultural Heterogeneity Sociology of Education David J. Harding, University of Michigan

More information

Testimony on New Early Childhood Education Initiatives Provisions of House Bill 64, the Fy16-17 Biennial Budget

Testimony on New Early Childhood Education Initiatives Provisions of House Bill 64, the Fy16-17 Biennial Budget Testimony on New Early Childhood Education Initiatives Provisions of House Bill 64, the Fy16-17 Biennial Budget Ohio House of Representatives Finance Subcommittee On Health and Human Services Representative

More information

YEAR 3 REPORT: EVOLUTION OF PERFORMANCE MANAGEMENT ALBANY NY CHARTER SCHOO CHARTER SCHOOL PERFORMANCE IN FLORIDA. credo.stanford.edu.

YEAR 3 REPORT: EVOLUTION OF PERFORMANCE MANAGEMENT ALBANY NY CHARTER SCHOO CHARTER SCHOOL PERFORMANCE IN FLORIDA. credo.stanford.edu. YEAR 3 REPORT: EVOLUTION OF PERFORMANCE MANAGEMENT CHARTER SCHOOL PERFORMANCE IN FLORIDA IN credo.stanford.edu ALBANY NY CHARTER SCHOO June 2009 INTRODUCTION This report supplements the CREDO National

More information

Better Schools, Less Crime? David Deming

Better Schools, Less Crime? David Deming Better Schools, Less Crime? David Deming Simone Schotte Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul - UFRGS Programa de Pós-Graduação em Economia - PPGE Course: ECOP 85 Crecimento Economico Professor: Sabino

More information

The Returns to Community College Career Technical Education Programs in California

The Returns to Community College Career Technical Education Programs in California The Returns to Community College Career Technical Education Programs in California Michel Grosz Michal Kurlaender Ann Stevens University of California, Davis September 2014 Estimating the Returns to Education

More information

policy STUDY Comparing Public and Private Schools in Omaha A First Look at the Available Evidence on Students, Schools, Funding, and Achievement

policy STUDY Comparing Public and Private Schools in Omaha A First Look at the Available Evidence on Students, Schools, Funding, and Achievement policy STUDY Platte Institute January 2013 Comparing Public and Private Schools in Omaha A First Look at the Available Evidence on Students, By Vicki E. Alger, Ph.D. Schools, Funding, and Achievement Public

More information

Data Housed at the North Carolina Education Research Data Center

Data Housed at the North Carolina Education Research Data Center Data Housed at the North Carolina Education Research Data Center District-level data Community Index Data, Year 2004 Each file has one record per Local Education Agency with the percent of students (a)

More information

Discussion of State Appropriation to Eastern Michigan University August 2013

Discussion of State Appropriation to Eastern Michigan University August 2013 Discussion of State Appropriation to Eastern Michigan University August 2013 Starting in 2012-13, the Michigan Legislature decided to condition a portion of the state appropriation on how well the 15 public

More information

THE EDUCATIONAL PROGRESS OF BLACK STUDENTS

THE EDUCATIONAL PROGRESS OF BLACK STUDENTS NATIONAL CENTER FOR EDUCATION STATISTICS Findings from THE CONDITION OF EDUCATION 1994 NO. 2 THE EDUCATIONAL PROGRESS OF BLACK STUDENTS U.S. Department of Education Office of Educational Research and Improvement

More information

YEAR 3 REPORT: EVOLUTION OF PERFORMANCE MANAGEMENT ALBANY NY CHARTER SCHOO CHARTER SCHOOL PERFORMANCE IN ARIZONA. credo.stanford.edu.

YEAR 3 REPORT: EVOLUTION OF PERFORMANCE MANAGEMENT ALBANY NY CHARTER SCHOO CHARTER SCHOOL PERFORMANCE IN ARIZONA. credo.stanford.edu. YEAR 3 REPORT: EVOLUTION OF PERFORMANCE MANAGEMENT CHARTER SCHOOL PERFORMANCE IN ARIZONA IN credo.stanford.edu ALBANY NY CHARTER SCHOO June 2009 INTRODUCTION This report supplements the CREDO National

More information

Public vs. Private School Education: The Case for Public School Vouchers in Primary and Secondary Education

Public vs. Private School Education: The Case for Public School Vouchers in Primary and Secondary Education Koppelmann 1 Jordan Koppelmann Professor Piasecki English 101 5 December 2013 Public vs. Private School Education: The Case for Public School Vouchers in Primary and Secondary Education The issue of performance

More information

Professional Development Schools (PDS) Research Quality Coding Instrument Final Draft: 12/31/14

Professional Development Schools (PDS) Research Quality Coding Instrument Final Draft: 12/31/14 Coding Date: Coder: (first initial & last name) Professional Development Schools (PDS) Research Quality Coding Instrument Final Draft: 12/31/14 Codes: NA = Non Applicable (Leave Blank) = Missing Author(s):

More information

FY 2013 Budget Request

FY 2013 Budget Request FY 2013 Budget Request DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION Education for the Disadvantaged Program FY 2012 Administration FY 2013 Request Difference Title I, Part A (ESEA) $14,516,457,000 $14,516,457,000 $0 School

More information

Return on Investment: Cost vs. Benefits. James J. Heckman, University of Chicago

Return on Investment: Cost vs. Benefits. James J. Heckman, University of Chicago Return on Investment: Cost vs. Benefits James J. Heckman, University of Chicago Context Research on early childhood integrates theory and public policy to the mutual benefit of both. Expands the scientific

More information

Madison Park Technical Vocational High School ADMISSION POLICY Lottery Process

Madison Park Technical Vocational High School ADMISSION POLICY Lottery Process Madison Park Technical Vocational High School ADMISSION POLICY Lottery Process 1. INTRODUCTION An admission process is necessary in technical vocational schools where space is a limiting factor. Vocational

More information

Wilder Research. 2010-11 Statewide Census of Private Education (SCOPE) Summary of a study of private K-12 schools in Minnesota.

Wilder Research. 2010-11 Statewide Census of Private Education (SCOPE) Summary of a study of private K-12 schools in Minnesota. Wilder Research 2010-11 Statewide Census of Private Education (SCOPE) Summary of a study of private K-12 schools in Minnesota To better understand the reach and impact of private education in Minnesota,

More information

College Transition Programs: Promoting Success Beyond High School

College Transition Programs: Promoting Success Beyond High School College Transition Programs: Promoting Success Beyond High School I s s u e P a p e r s T h e H i g h S c h o o l L e a d e r s h i p S u m m i t Parents have higher educational aspirations for their children

More information

A Summary of Arizona s Education Laws Designed to Promote School Choice

A Summary of Arizona s Education Laws Designed to Promote School Choice A Summary of Arizona s Education Laws Designed to Promote School Choice Tom Pickrell, General Counsel Mesa Public Schools I. Arizona s Open Enrollment Law (A.R.S. 15-816) A. School districts must adopt

More information

What We Know About Dual Enrollment

What We Know About Dual Enrollment RESEARCH OVERVIEW / FEBRUARY 212 What We Know About Dual Enrollment What Is Dual Enrollment? In dual enrollment (DE), high school students are enrolled in a college course and complete all the assignments

More information

The North Carolina Principal Fellows Program: A Comprehensive Evaluation

The North Carolina Principal Fellows Program: A Comprehensive Evaluation The North Carolina Principal Fellows Program: A Comprehensive Evaluation In this policy brief, we report on our comprehensive evaluation of the North Carolina Principal Fellows program. We find that: (1)

More information

Strategies for Promoting Gatekeeper Course Success Among Students Needing Remediation: Research Report for the Virginia Community College System

Strategies for Promoting Gatekeeper Course Success Among Students Needing Remediation: Research Report for the Virginia Community College System Strategies for Promoting Gatekeeper Course Success Among Students Needing Remediation: Research Report for the Virginia Community College System Josipa Roksa Davis Jenkins Shanna Smith Jaggars Matthew

More information

Evaluating the Impact of Charter Schools on Student Achievement: A Longitudinal Look at the Great Lakes States. Appendix B.

Evaluating the Impact of Charter Schools on Student Achievement: A Longitudinal Look at the Great Lakes States. Appendix B. Evaluating the Impact of Charter Schools on Student Achievement: A Longitudinal Look at the Great Lakes States Appendix B June 27 EPRU EDUCATION POLICY RESEARCH UNIT Education Policy Research Unit Division

More information

Denver School of Nursing Denver, CO

Denver School of Nursing Denver, CO C O L L E G E P R O F I L E - O V E R V I E W Denver School of Nursing Denver, CO Web Site www.denverschoolofnursing.edu/ Institution Type Private for-profit Coeducational Yes Undergraduate Students Women

More information

General Statutes of North Carolina Copyright 2013 by Matthew Bender & Company, Inc. a member of the LexisNexis Group. All rights reserved

General Statutes of North Carolina Copyright 2013 by Matthew Bender & Company, Inc. a member of the LexisNexis Group. All rights reserved General Statutes of North Carolina Copyright 2013 by Matthew Bender & Company, Inc. a member of the LexisNexis Group. All rights reserved *** Statutes current through the 2013 Regular Session *** *** Annotations

More information

The Evaluation of Charter School Impacts

The Evaluation of Charter School Impacts NCEE 2010-4030 U.S. DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION The Evaluation of Charter School Impacts Executive Summary This page is intentionally left blank. The Evaluation of Charter School Impacts Executive Summary

More information

Essays in Education Economics

Essays in Education Economics Essays in Education Economics Billie S. Davis April 25 th 2013 A dissertation submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy (Economics) from Carnegie Mellon

More information

15 HB 372/AP A BILL TO BE ENTITLED AN ACT

15 HB 372/AP A BILL TO BE ENTITLED AN ACT House Bill 372 (AS PASSED HOUSE AND SENATE) By: Representatives Coomer of the 14 th, Glanton of the 75 th, Nimmer of the 178 th, Dickey of the 140 th, Coleman of the 97 th, and others A BILL TO BE ENTITLED

More information

Pittsburgh Public Schools. General Application FOR THE 2015 16 SCHOOL YEAR

Pittsburgh Public Schools. General Application FOR THE 2015 16 SCHOOL YEAR Pittsburgh Public Schools General Application FOR THE 2015 16 SCHOOL YEAR PLEASE CHECK THAT ALL REQUIRED SECTIONS OF THIS FORM ARE COMPLETED. INCOMPLETE APPLICATIONS WILL NOT BE PROCESSED. NO EXCEPTIONS.

More information

New York State Profile

New York State Profile New York State Profile Jennifer Guinn EDUC 547 FALL 2008 According to 2006 U.S. Census estimates, with a total population of over 19 million people, 20 percent of New York State s population were foreign-born

More information

The Condition of College & Career Readiness l 2011

The Condition of College & Career Readiness l 2011 The Condition of College & Career Readiness l 2011 ACT is an independent, not-for-profit organization that provides assessment, research, information, and program management services in the broad areas

More information

Few things are more feared than statistical analysis.

Few things are more feared than statistical analysis. DATA ANALYSIS AND THE PRINCIPALSHIP Data-driven decision making is a hallmark of good instructional leadership. Principals and teachers can learn to maneuver through the statistcal data to help create

More information

education policy think tank Education Sector writes about New Orleans enrollment system:

education policy think tank Education Sector writes about New Orleans enrollment system: While New Orleans is at the vanguard of a number of public education innovations, it was not the first public school system to put into place an open enrollment policy. School districts in Cambridge, San

More information

Program Grant Application Guidelines

Program Grant Application Guidelines Pennsylvania Department of Education Dual Enrollment Grant Program Program Grant Application Guidelines In accordance with Article XVI-B of the Public School Code, 24 P.S. 1601-B-1615-B, the Pennsylvania

More information

Title 20-A: EDUCATION

Title 20-A: EDUCATION Title 20-A: EDUCATION Chapter 802: MAINE ONLINE LEARNING PROGRAM Table of Contents Part 9. LEARNING TECHNOLOGY... Section 19151. DEFINITIONS... 3 Section 19152. PROGRAM ESTABLISHED... 3 Section 19153.

More information

Experimentally Estimated Impacts of School Vouchers on College Enrollment and Degree Attainment

Experimentally Estimated Impacts of School Vouchers on College Enrollment and Degree Attainment Program on Education Policy and Governance Working Papers Series PEPG 15-01 Experimentally Estimated Impacts of School Vouchers on College Enrollment and Degree Attainment Matthew M. Chingos 1 Brown Center

More information

EDUCATING CHILDREN EARLY:

EDUCATING CHILDREN EARLY: EDUCATING CHILDREN EARLY: WHY IT MATTERS She after greatest to he not we to fundamental; A intrigued the prior it view. To herself into far pouring their mouse comments by day in not, his and academic

More information

State of New Jersey 2014-15

State of New Jersey 2014-15 Page 1 of 22 OVERVIEW COUNTY VOCATIONAL GRADE SPAN 0912 1.00 313995050 WAYNE, NJ 074702210 The New Jersey Department of Education (NJDOE) is pleased to present these annual reports of Performance. These

More information

One argument made by policymakers who advocate

One argument made by policymakers who advocate Fiscal Impact of School Vouchers and Scholarship Tax Credits One argument made by policymakers who advocate for private school choice is that policies such as school vouchers and scholarship tax credits

More information

NBER WORKING PAPER SERIES A NEW COST-BENEFIT AND RATE OF RETURN ANALYSIS FOR THE PERRY PRESCHOOL PROGRAM: A SUMMARY

NBER WORKING PAPER SERIES A NEW COST-BENEFIT AND RATE OF RETURN ANALYSIS FOR THE PERRY PRESCHOOL PROGRAM: A SUMMARY NBER WORKING PAPER SERIES A NEW COST-BENEFIT AND RATE OF RETURN ANALYSIS FOR THE PERRY PRESCHOOL PROGRAM: A SUMMARY James J. Heckman Seong Hyeok Moon Rodrigo Pinto Peter Savelyev Adam Yavitz Working Paper

More information

The Influence of a Summer Bridge Program on College Adjustment and Success: The Importance of Early Intervention and Creating a Sense of Community

The Influence of a Summer Bridge Program on College Adjustment and Success: The Importance of Early Intervention and Creating a Sense of Community The Influence of a Summer Bridge Program on College Adjustment and Success: The Importance of Early Intervention and Creating a Sense of Community Michele J. Hansen, Ph.D., Director of Assessment, University

More information

Executive Summary DRAFT. Martin Luther King, Jr. Elementary School

Executive Summary DRAFT. Martin Luther King, Jr. Elementary School Executive Summary Martin Luther King, Jr. Elementary School Dougherty County School System Mr. David C Adams, Assistant Principal 3125 Martin Luther King Drive Albany, GA 31707 TABLE OF CONTENTS Introduction

More information

Friedrich-Naumann-Stiftung. Jennifer Marshall. An Overview of Parental Choice in Education in the United States. OccasionalPaper 15

Friedrich-Naumann-Stiftung. Jennifer Marshall. An Overview of Parental Choice in Education in the United States. OccasionalPaper 15 Friedrich-Naumann-Stiftung Jennifer Marshall An Overview of Parental Choice in Education in the United States OccasionalPaper 15 Imprint: Published by The Liberal Institute of the Friedrich Naumann Foundation

More information

PUBLIC EDUCATION (Pre-K-12) IN MICHIGAN

PUBLIC EDUCATION (Pre-K-12) IN MICHIGAN Structure, Financing, and Goals adopted 1969, 1970, 1972; Section A.1.C. added 1993; LWVUS position on Equality of Opportunity adopted 1969, revised 1989; portions of the LWVUS positions on The Role of

More information

Data Housed at the North Carolina Education Research Data Center

Data Housed at the North Carolina Education Research Data Center Data Housed at the North Carolina Education Research Data Center District-level data Community Index Data, Year 2004 Each file has one record per Local Education Agency with the percent of students (a)

More information

- - Each Split Sample = ± 5.6 percentage points

- - Each Split Sample = ± 5.6 percentage points - - Interview Dates: February 11 to 21, 2012 Sample Frame: Registered Voters Sample Size: TENNESSEE = 606 Split Sample Sizes: Split A = 303; Split B = 303 Margin of Error: TENNESSEE = ± 4.0 percentage

More information

Should Ohio invest in universal pre-schooling?

Should Ohio invest in universal pre-schooling? Should Ohio invest in universal pre-schooling? Clive R. Belfield Queens College, City University of New York Ohio has almost 150,000 three-year old children; however, fewer than 41,000 are covered by publicly

More information

Mathematics Placement and Student Success: the High School / College Disconnect

Mathematics Placement and Student Success: the High School / College Disconnect Mathematics Placement and Student Success: the High School / College Disconnect Dave Boyles PI of 2009 11 UW-System Grant Prof. of Mathematics, UW Platteville boyles@uwplatt.edu UW-Platteville New Freshman

More information

The Case Against School Vouchers:

The Case Against School Vouchers: Policy Brief The Case Against School Vouchers: The Texas Miracle Depends on Strong Public Schools, Not Unproven Gimmicks SM Table of Contents Back to the Basics 3 Accountability Is Key 4 The True Cost

More information

Benedict College Columbia, SC

Benedict College Columbia, SC C O L L E G E P R O F I L E - O V E R V I E W Benedict College Columbia, SC Benedict, founded in 1870, is a private, liberal arts college. Its 100-acre campus is located in Columbia. Web Site www.benedict.edu/

More information

The Education Savings Account Act

The Education Savings Account Act The Education Savings Account Act Summary The Education Savings Account Act allows parents to use the funds that would have been allocated to their child at their resident school district for an education

More information