1 Program Overview FY 2013
2 ICE Organization Office of the Director Principal Deputy Assistant Secretary Thomas Winkowski Office of Homeland Security Investigations Office of Enforcement and Removal Operations Office of Management and Administration Executive Associate Director Peter Edge Executive Associate Director Thomas Homan Acting Executive Associate Director Radha Sekar ICE is comprised of three Directorates with a combined staff of more than 20,000 law enforcement and civilian professional employees and a current budget of $5.2 Billion. 2 ERO Organization Office of the Executive Associate Director Secure Communities & Enforcement Repatriation Custody Management Field Operations Law Enforcement Systems & Analysis ICE Health Service Corps Operations Support ERO consists of seven Headquarters divisions and 24 Field Offices. ERO leadership and management are collectively responsible for an approximate budget of $2.8 billion and nearly 8,000 staff. 3
3 Mission Statement To identify, arrest and remove aliens who present a danger to national security or are a risk to public safety, as well as those who enter the United States illegally or otherwise undermine the integrity of our immigration laws and our border control efforts. ERO upholds America s immigration laws at, within and beyond our borders through efficient enforcement and removal operations Field Offices 5
4 Agency Priorities June 2010: Director Morton issued memorandum entitled Civil Immigration Enforcement: Priorities for the Apprehension, Detention, and Removal of Aliens. The memo articulates ICE s commitment to prioritizing the use of its enforcement personnel, detention space, and removal resources to ensure ICE focuses the agency s enforcement efforts on its highest priorities: Aliens who pose a danger to national security or a risk to public safety; Recent illegal entrants; Repeat violators of immigration law; Aliens who are fugitives or obstruct immigration controls. 6 Agency Priorities June 2011: Director Morton issued a memorandum that provides guidance for ICE law enforcement personnel and attorneys regarding their authority to exercise prosecutorial discretion (PD) when appropriate. Prosecutorial discretion is not new, it is an inherent part of our law enforcement and criminal justice systems--all federal, state, and local law enforcement agencies use prosecutorial discretion to ensure that resources are focused on agency priorities. The judicious exercise of PD authority helps ICE effectively prioritize cases and better focus use of limited resources to target criminals, individuals who pose a public safety risk, and other immigration enforcement priorities. The expenditure of limited resources on cases outside of ICE s enforcement priorities can hinder ICE s public safety mission by diverting resources from high priority cases. 7
5 ERO Removals 450, , , , , , , , , , ,343 (35%) 195,772 (50%) 216,698 (55%) 225,390 (55%) 216,810 (59%) 200, , ,000 50, ,491 (65%) 197,090 (50%) 180,208 (45%) 184,459 (45%) 151,834 (41%) 0 FY2009 FY2010 FY2011 FY2012 FY2013 Non-Criminal Immigration Violator Convicted Criminal ERO Removals (FY 2013) In FY 2013, ERO removed 368,644 aliens Ninety-eight percent of all ICE FY 2013 removals met one or more of ICE s stated immigration enforcement priorities. The aliens removed originated from 189 different countries including: Mexico: 241,493 (66%) Guatemala: 47,749 (13%) Honduras: 37,049 (10%) El Salvador: 21,602 (6%) 9
6 ERO Removals (FY 2013) ERO removed 216,810 convicted criminals in FY 2013 Level 1: 74,159 (34%) Level 1 offenders are those aliens convicted of aggravated felonies, as defined in 101(a)(43) of the Immigration and Nationality Act, or two (2) or more crimes each punishable by more than one year of incarceration, commonly referred to as felonies. Level 2: 47,198 (22%) Level 2 offenders are aliens convicted of any other felony or three (3) or more crimes each punishable by less than one year of incarceration, commonly referred to as misdemeanors. Level 3: 95,453 (44%) Level 3 offenders are aliens convicted of misdemeanor crime(s) punishable by less than one year of incarceration. Crimes of those removed include: Homicide (1,099); DUI (22,276); Drug Offenses (24,871); and Sex Offenses (5,919). 10 Secure Communities Key ERO initiative to improve and modernize the identification and removal of criminal aliens. Secure Communities utilizes an existing federal informationsharing partnership between ICE and the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI). The FBI receives fingerprints of individuals arrested or booked into custody from local jurisdictions and shares the biometric information with DHS to check against its immigration databases. Secure Communities is activated in all federal agencies, as well as 3,074 jurisdictions in 50 states, four territories, and Washington, D.C. 11
7 Secure Communities Metrics 12 Criminal Alien Program (CAP) Provides ICE-wide direction and support in the identification and processing for removal of aliens incarcerated within federal, state, and local prisons and jails, as well as the investigation and arrest of at-large convicted criminal aliens. Identifies and processes incarcerated criminal aliens prior to release from jail/prison, which decreases or eliminates time spent in ICE custody, therefore reducing the overall cost to the federal government. CAP screening is conducted at approximately 4,300 federal, state, and local detention facilities in the U.S. 13
8 287(g) Program Allows a state and local law enforcement entity to enter into a partnership with ICE, under a joint Memorandum of Agreement (MOA), in order to receive delegated authority for immigration enforcement within their jurisdictions. The 287(g) program serves as a force multiplier for ICE at the state and local level and enhances the safety and security of communities. More than 1,300 officers have been trained and certified. 14 ICE currently has 37 active MOAs with partner LEAs in 18 states. National Fugitive Operations Program Fugitive: An alien who has failed to depart the U.S. based upon a final order of removal, deportation or exclusion, or who has failed to report to ICE after receiving notice to do so. There are 129 ERO Fugitive Operations Teams which focus on tiered enforcement priorities and execute national and regional operations, including Cross Check, Return to Sender, SOAR and Secure Streets, to: Locate, arrest, and remove fugitives aliens, previously removed aliens, and removable aliens convicted of a crime from the U.S. Reduce the fugitive alien backlog in the U.S. In FY 2013, ERO Fugitive Operations Teams made 31,222 arrests, 75% of which were criminal. 15
9 Fugitive Operations Support Center The FOSC employs a proprietary data system comprised of millions of data points on criminal alien targets derived from dozens of DHS, other agency, and commercial data sources. The FOSC is able to tailor lead production and delivery from this unique system. In FY 2013, the FOSC generated over 343,747 Leads and Information Referrals for the 129 fugitive operations teams and other ERO enforcement operations. 16 Law Enforcement Support Center The LESC is located in Williston, VT and serves as a national enforcement operations center, responding to inquiries from federal, state, and local criminal justice agencies regarding aliens under investigation or in custody. The LESC operates 24 hours a day, 365 days a year. In FY 2013, the LESC responded to 1,424,320 immigration alien queries from law enforcement agencies and 26% more Secure Communities biometric queries (666,225) than in FY The LESC inputs and accurately maintains all ICE criminal and administrative warrants in the National Crime Information Center (NCIC). In FY 2013, entered 11,251 and maintained 300,487 records. 17
10 Custody Management Detention ERO manages ICE detention operations to efficiently and effectively provide for the safety, security, and care of persons in ICE custody. ICE s detention system currently consists of approximately 250 local and state facilities operating under Intergovernmental service agreements (IGSAs), contract detention facilities (CDFs), ICE-owned facilities (SPCs), and facilities operated by the Federal Bureau of Prisons. In FY 2013, the Average Daily Population was 33,788 and the average length of stay was 28.6 days. 18 Custody Management Alternatives to Detention (ATD) Monitors and supervises aliens released from ICE custody and serves to: Improve appearance rates at immigration interviews and hearings; Improve compliance with final orders issued by immigration judges; Reduce absconder rates. ATD helps prioritize limited detention capacity for higher risk and convicted criminal alien populations.
11 Custody Management ATD (continued) Types of Alternatives to Detention: Voice Verification: Participants telephone calls are compared against their voiceprint, which is obtained during initial enrollment. In FY 2013 the average daily Voice Verification population was 15,716. Global Positioning System: Participants are monitored via satellite to ensure compliance with the conditions of release. In FY 2013, the average daily GPS population was 6,335. ICE Health Service Corps ICE Health Service Corps (IHSC) Provides medical care and public health services to detained aliens in the custody of ICE. Administers direct care to approximately 15,000 detainees housed in 21 facilities across the country. IHSC is the health authority for an additional 19,000 detainees housed at non-ihsc-staffed detention facilities. Consists of 610 providers of direct patient care services. The total cost for detainee care in FY 2013 was $150,920,
12 ICE Health Service Corps On-Site IHSC Medical Facilities 22 IHSC (continued) 23 Provides medical care for: ICE Health Service Corps Tuberculosis and other infectious diseases Chronic medical conditions Mental health concerns, such as support coping with family separation, fear of removal, depression, anxiety, schizophrenia, suicide watch, transgenderism, etc. Dental conditions, including tooth decay treatment, root canals, gingivitis, etc. Routine female health concerns, including pap smears, mammograms, pelvic pain, etc. Sick call for routine/emergent care needs such as musculoskeletal injuries, skin laceration, colds/flu, sore throats, rashes, allergies, etc.
13 ICE Health Service Corps IHSC (continued) In FY 2013, IHSC provided the following number of health care services (by type): Intake Screenings - 200,004 Physical Exams - 101,024 Sick Calls - 135,970 Urgent Care Visits - 12,948 Emergency Room/ Off-Site Referrals 15,346 Dental Visits - 29,351 Mental Health Interventions - 52,552 Prescriptions Filled - 362, Removals Coordination ERO coordinates with foreign governments to obtain travel documents for foreign nationals who are ordered removed. ERO utilizes the electronic Travel Document system (etd), which facilitates the electronic transfer of information between ICE offices and foreign consulates/embassies to facilitate the issuance travel documents. The ERO HQ Repatriation division collaborates with embassies and consulates as well as with interagency and international networks in support of removal efforts. Also manages the daily activities of 11 Assistant Attachés for Removal assigned worldwide; identifies the need for, negotiates, and maintains record of all removal agreements with foreign countries; and coordinates special charter removal missions.
14 ICE Air Operations Removals Program ERO s Principal air transportation and removal coordination entity: Orchestrates the unique requirements of mass air transportation of aliens to their countries of origin; Manages flights to the southern tier of the U.S., the Caribbean, Central America, and northern South America; Manages eight aircraft with a seating capacity of 136 passengers each and one aircraft with a seating capacity of 10 passengers; ICE flights depart from Mesa, AZ; San Antonio, TX; Alexandria, LA; and Miami, FL; Routine flights to: Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Jamaica, Haiti, Colombia, Ecuador, and the Dominican Republic. Removals Program Routes ICE Air Operations Domestic
15 Removals Program Routes ICE Air Operations International ERO A Day in the Life ERO tracks more than 1,813,735 aliens in various stages of immigration removal proceedings. ERO processes more than 1,200 aliens into ERO detention facilities. ERO monitors more than 22,000 aliens enrolled in the Alternatives to Detention program. ERO provides 550 health screenings, 280 physical exams, and more than 410 sick call & urgent care visits. ERO removes 1,010 aliens from the U.S. to countries around the globe. 29