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2 Published annually by the California Department of Justice California Justice Information Services Division Bureau of Criminal Information and Analysis Criminal Justice Statistics Center

3 2011 Juvenile Justice in California This report and other reports are available on the California's Attorney General's website /oag.ca.gov

4 The Role of the Criminal Justice Statistics Center is to: Collect, analyze, and report statistical data that provide valid measures of crime and the criminal justice process. Examine these data on an ongoing basis to better describe crime and the criminal justice system. Promote the responsible presentation and use of crime statistics. CALIFORNIA DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE Kamala D. Harris, Attorney General

5 C ontents Executive Summary... i Juvenile Justice System at-a-glance... iv Data Analysis... viii Arrests... 1 Referrals Petitions Adult Court Dispositions Data Tables Appendices Background Data Limitations California Code Sections Felony-Level Offense Codes Misdemeanor-Level Offense Codes Juvenile Justice Glossary

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7 Executive Summary Juvenile Justice in California 2011 provides insight into the juvenile justice process by reporting the number of arrests, referrals to probation departments, petitions filed, and dispositions for juveniles tried in juvenile and adult courts. Law enforcement agencies provide information on the number of arrests, and probation departments provide information on the types of offenses and administrative actions taken by juvenile and adult courts. The California Department of Justice (DOJ) is required to collect and report statistics on juvenile justice in California. Since 1947, the DOJ s Criminal Justice Statistics Center has compiled and published data on California s juvenile justice system. Juvenile Justice in California 2011 reflects data extracted from the Juvenile Court and Probation Statistical System. (Appendix 1 describes the evolution of this system.) Referral and petition statistics reported in Juvenile Justice in California 2011 are compiled from data submitted by 57 of California s 58 counties, representing over 99 percent of the state s juvenile population. Sierra County is not included in the referral and petition sections of this report. Juvenile Justice in California 2011 presents juvenile justice statistics in four sections: Arrests, Referrals, Petitions, and Adult Court Dispositions. The arrest data were reported by law enforcement agencies and law enforcement referral data were reported by probation departments. Comparisons between arrest data and referral data should not be made because of differences in the way data were reported between the two sources. See Appendix 2 for more detail. z The Arrests section presents information on the number of juveniles arrested, the types of arrest charges, and the demographic characteristics of the juveniles. z The Referrals section presents information on the number of juveniles referred to county probation departments, who referred the juveniles to the probation departments, the type of referral, the demographic characteristics of the juveniles referred, and the probation department dispositions. z The Petitions section presents information on cases where a petition was filed, including the number of petitions filed, the types of petitions filed, the demographic characteristics of the juveniles, and the dispositions for those petitions handled in juvenile court. z The Adult Court Dispositions section presents information on juveniles whose cases were processed in adult court, including the number of juveniles tried in adult court, the characteristics of the juveniles, and the adult court dispositions. Below is a summary of highlights from each of the sections. Arrests The Arrests section (pages 1 11) provides data on reported juvenile arrests made by law enforcement agencies in z More than half of the juveniles (56.4 percent) were arrested for a misdemeanor offense. Nearly a third (29.0 percent) were arrested for a felony offense, and the remainder (14.6 percent) were arrested for a status offense. i

8 Juvenile Justice in California, 2011 z Nearly eight out of ten juveniles arrested (78.9 percent) were referred to county juvenile probation departments. Referrals The Referrals section (pages 13 27) provides data on juveniles who were brought to the attention of the county probation department in z Nearly nine out of ten juveniles referred to county probation departments (88.0 percent) were referred by law enforcement agencies. z One-fourth (24.9 percent) of juveniles referred to county probation departments were detained. z More than one-third (37.7 percent) of the juvenile cases referred to county probation departments were closed at intake, indicating that no further action was taken. z In one-half (49.7 percent) of the referrals to the probation departments, a petition was filed in juvenile court. Petitions The Petitions section (pages 29 45) provides data on juvenile cases that proceeded for formal processing to the juvenile court in z Of the juveniles handled formally by the juvenile court, nearly two-thirds (64.7 percent) were made wards of the court. z Less than one-sixth (14.8 percent) of the petitions for formal juvenile court adjudication were dismissed. Adult Court Dispositions The Adult Court Dispositions section (pages 47 53) provides data on juveniles processed through the adult court system. z More than three-fourths (84.1 percent) of the juveniles tried in adult court were convicted. ii

9 iii Executive Summary

10 A t-a Glance JUVENILE JUSTICE SYSTEM, 2011 Juvenile Arrests Juvenile Probation Arrests 149,563 % Referred to Probation 118, % Counseled and Released 29, % Turned Over 1, % Law Enforcement Referral Cases 130, % Public Agency/ Individual 8, % Other Sources 3, % Transfers 2, % Schools, Parents, Private Agency/ Individual 2, % Probation Department Dispositions 148,250 % Closed at Intake 55, % Informal Probation 3, % Diversion 10, % Transferred 1 4, % Petitions Filed 73, % Direct File in Adult Court % Juvenile Court Dispositions 73,639 % Source: Tables 1, 8, 13, 21, and 30. Note: Percentages may not add to because of rounding. 1 Transferred includes traffic court and deported. 2 In 2011, probation departments reported information on 912 transfers to the adult system. The adult court disposition information discussed here is for the 548 dispositions received in iv

11 Wardship 47, % Dismissed 10, % Diversion, Deferred Entry of Judgment, or Transferred 1 5, % Own or Relative s Home 26, % Secure County Facility 15, % Non-Secure County Facility % z Arrest data were reported by law enforcement agencies and referral data were reported by probation departments. Data comparisons should not be made because of differences in the way data are reported between sources. See Appendix 2 for more detail. z Typically, referrals are made to the probation department in the juvenile s county of residence. The majority of referrals in this report came from police and sheriff s departments (88.0 percent). z Probation departments decide how to process referred cases. A case may be closed or transferred; a juvenile may be placed on informal probation or in a diversion program; or a petition may be sought for a court hearing. z Most formal juvenile court hearings resulted in the juvenile being made a ward of the court (64.7 percent). Most wards were allowed to go home under the supervision of the probation department (54.6 percent). z Juveniles can be transferred to the adult criminal justice system for prosecution of offenses if the district attorney files charges directly in adult court or remands to adult court after the juvenile fails a fitness hearing. Approximately eight out of ten dispositions received in adult court in 2011 resulted in a conviction (84.1 percent). Informal Probation 4, % Non-Ward Probation 4, % Remanded to Adult Court % Other Public or Private Agency 5, % Division of Juvenile Justice % Juveniles to Adult Court Adult Dispositions Received in % Convicted % Acquitted 6 1.1% Dismissed % Certified to Juvenile Court 2 0.4% Diversions Dismissed 1 0.2% Adult Prison/ DJJ % Probation % Probation with Jail % Jail 8 1.7% Fine 2 0.4% Other 7 1.5% v

12 Juvenile Justice in California, 2011 vi

13 Juvenile Justice in California Data Analysis

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15 A rrests A juvenile may be arrested for either violating a criminal statute or committing a status offense. Status offenses are acts that are offenses only when committed by a juvenile, such as curfew violations, truancy, running away, and incorrigibility. This section contains information on the 149,563 juvenile arrests reported by law enforcement agencies in This section also includes information on the characteristics of juvenile arrests and the final law enforcement dispositions of those arrests. Although some arrests involve more than one offense, only the most serious are shown in this report. Data for all 58 participating counties were extracted from the Monthly Arrest and Citation Register. The law enforcement disposition of a juvenile arrest is affected by several variables: investigative findings and the facts surrounding the alleged offense; prior arrest record; seriousness of the offense; determined need for admonishment; recourse to other authority; and other factors determined by the individual case. Law enforcement agencies have three methods for the disposition of a juvenile arrest: z Refer to probation departments for further processing. Some are handled at the probation level, and others are sent to juvenile and criminal courts for final disposition. z Handle within the department, where juveniles are counseled and released. z Turn over to another agency. Notes: References to race/ethnicity will be made throughout this report. The subjectivity of the classification and labeling process must be considered in the analysis of race/ethnic group data. As commonly used, race refers to large populations that share certain physical characteristics, such as skin color. Because these physical characteristics can vary greatly within groups, as well as between groups, determination of race is frequently, by necessity, subjective. Ethnicity refers to cultural heritage and can cross racial lines. For example, the ethnic designation Hispanic can include persons of any race. Most commonly, selfidentification of race/ethnicity is used in the classification and labeling process. Percentages throughout this section may not add to because of rounding. 1

16 Juvenile Justice in California, 2011 LEVEL OF OFFENSE Juvenile Arrests, 2011 By Level of Offense In 2011, of the 149,563 juvenile arrests reported: STATUS OFFENSES 14.6% FELONY 29.0% z Felony arrests accounted for 29.0 percent (43,403). z Misdemeanor arrests accounted for 56.4 percent (84,333). z Status offense arrests accounted for 14.6 percent (21,827). MISDEMEANOR 56.4% Source: Table 1. Juvenile Arrests, 2011 Gender of Arrestee by Level of Offense MALE 33.3% 53.1% 13.5% FEMALE 18.0% 64.7% Source: Table 1. PERCENT 17.3% FELONY MISDEMEANOR STATUS OFFENSES In 2011, of the 107,653 arrests of males: z Felony arrests accounted for 33.3 percent (35,870). z Misdemeanor arrests accounted for 53.1 percent (57,202). z Status arrests accounted for 13.5 percent (14,581). In 2011, of the 41,910 arrests of females: z Felony arrests accounted for 18.0 percent (7,533). z Misdemeanor arrests accounted for 64.7 percent (27,131). z Status arrests accounted for 17.3 percent (7,246). 2

17 Arrests LEVEL OF OFFENSE UNDER % Juvenile Arrests, 2011 Age Group of Arrestee By Level of Offense 61.4% 8.5% In 2011: z Juveniles in each age group were arrested for similar proportions of felony, misdemeanor, and status offenses % 61.3% 12.1% % 54.7% 15.5% PERCENT FELONY MISDEMEANOR STATUS OFFENSES Source: Table 1. Juvenile Arrests, 2011 Race/Ethnic Group of Arrestee By Level of Offense In 2011: z A greater percentage of whites were arrested for a misdemeanor (61.9 percent). WHITE 25.0% 61.9% 13.2% z A greater percentage of Hispanics were arrested for a status offense (16.8 percent). HISPANIC 28.2% 55.0% 16.8% z A greater percentage of blacks were arrested for a felony (37.8 percent). BLACK 37.8% 52.2% 10.0% OTHER 27.8% 59.7% 12.5% PERCENT FELONY MISDEMEANOR STATUS OFFENSES Source: Table 1. 3

18 Juvenile Justice in California, 2011 FELONY ARRESTS Felony Arrests, 2011 By Category In 2011, of the 43,403 juvenile felony arrests reported: ALL OTHER OFFENSES 24.8% VIOLENT OFFENSES 25.7% z 25.7 percent (11,158) were for violent offenses. z 38.4 percent (16,670) were for property offenses. z 11.1 percent (4,797) were for drug offenses. DRUG OFFENSES 11.1% PROPERTY OFFENSES 38.4% z 24.8 percent (10,778) were for all other felony offenses. Source: Table 3. Source: Table 3. Felony Arrests, 2011 Gender of Arrestee by Category MALE 25.5% 36.6% 11.2% FEMALE PERCENT VIOLENT OFFENSES 26.7% 47.0% PROPERTY OFFENSES DRUG OFFENSES 10.2% 26.7% 16.1% ALL OTHER OFFENSES In 2011, of the 35,870 felony arrests of males: z Violent offenses accounted for 25.5 percent (9,148). z Property offenses accounted for 36.6 percent (13,127). In 2011, of the 7,533 felony arrests of females: z Violent offenses accounted for 26.7 percent (2,010). z Property offenses accounted for 47.0 percent (3,543). 4

19 Arrests FELONY ARRESTS UNDER Felony Arrests, 2011 Age Group of Arrestee by Category 27.4% 26.5% 40.8% 37.9% 1.5% 7.3% 30.3% 28.3% 25.4% 38.5% 12.3% 23.7% In 2011: z Juveniles in each age group were arrested for similar proportions of violent and property offenses. z Juveniles in the age group were more likely to be arrested for a felony drug offense than juveniles in any other age group (12.3 percent) PERCENT VIOLENT OFFENSES PROPERTY OFFENSES DRUG OFFENSES ALL OTHER OFFENSES Source: Table 3. WHITE Felony Arrests, 2011 Race/Ethnic Group of Arrestee by Category 20.6% 41.2% 16.0% 22.3% In 2011: z A greater percentage of blacks were arrested for a felony violent offense (35.1 percent) and a felony property offense (43.3 percent) than any other race/ethnic group. HISPANIC BLACK 24.0% 35.1% 35.2% 11.3% 29.5% 5.2% 43.3% 16.4% z Regardless of race/ethnic group, the smallest proportion of felony arrests were for drug offenses. OTHER 23.7% 39.6% 14.5% 22.2% PERCENT VIOLENT OFFENSES PROPERTY OFFENSES DRUG OFFENSES ALL OTHER OFFENSES Source: Table 3. 5

20 Juvenile Justice in California, 2011 MISDEMEANOR ARRESTS Misdemeanor Arrests, 2011 By Category In 2011, of the 84,333 juvenile misdemeanor arrests reported: ALL OTHER 21.7% ASSAULT AND BATTERY 18.4% z 18.4 percent (15,536) were for assault and battery. z 23.3 percent (19,657) were for theft offenses. Source: Table 3. MALICIOUS MISCHIEF 18.5% DRUG AND ALCOHOL 18.1% THEFT 23.3% z 18.1 percent (15,223) were for drug and alcohol offenses. z 18.5 percent (15,615) were for malicious mischief offenses. z 21.7 percent (18,302) were for all other misdemeanor offenses. Misdemeanor Arrests, 2011 Gender of Arrestee by Category MALE 18.2% 16.5% 19.8% FEMALE 18.8% 37.6% 20.3% 14.4% 14.7% 25.1% 14.5% PERCENT In 2011: z Males were more likely to be arrested for a misdemeanor drug and alcohol offense than females (19.8 vs percent, respectively). z Females were more likely to be arrested for a misdemeanor theft offense than males (37.6 vs percent, respectively). ASSAULT AND BATTERY THEFT DRUG AND ALCOHOL MALICIOUS MISCHIEF ALL OTHER Source: Table 3. 6

21 Arrests MISDEMEANOR ARRESTS UNDER Misdemeanor Arrests, 2011 Age Group of Arrestee by Category 25.5% 21.2% 8.0% 32.2% 21.9% 23.0% 14.9% 23.6% 13.1% 16.6% In 2011: z A greater percentage of juveniles in the under 12 age category were arrested for misdemeanor assault and battery (25.5 percent) and malicious mischief (32.2 percent) than any other age category % 23.5% 19.4% 16.3% 23.8% PERCENT z A greater percentage of juveniles in the age category were arrested for misdemeanor drug and alcohol offenses (19.4 percent) than any other age category. ASSAULT AND BATTERY THEFT DRUG AND ALCOHOL MALICIOUS MISCHIEF ALL OTHER Source: Table 3. WHITE Misdemeanor Arrests, 2011 Race/Ethnic Group of Arrestee by Category 16.8% 22.9% 25.8% 13.7% 20.9% In 2011: z A greater percentage of whites were arrested for a misdemeanor drug and alcohol offense (25.8 percent) than any other race/ethnic group. HISPANIC BLACK 17.9% 24.2% 21.0% 17.3% 20.9% 27.7% 8.5% 19.9% 22.9% 19.8% z A greater percentage of blacks were arrested for a misdemeanor assault and battery offense (27.7 percent). OTHER 15.1% 34.4% 16.4% 14.1% 19.9% PERCENT ASSAULT AND BATTERY THEFT DRUG AND ALCOHOL MALICIOUS MISCHIEF ALL OTHER Source: Table 3. 7

22 Juvenile Justice in California, 2011 STATUS ARRESTS OTHER STATUS OFFENSES 15.2% Status Arrests, 2011 By Category INCORRIGIBLE 4.1% TRUANCY 24.8% In 2011, of the 21,827 status offenses reported: z Truancy violations accounted for 24.8 percent (5,423). z Runaways accounted for 17.2 percent (3,758). z Curfew violations accounted for 38.7 percent (8,441). CURFEW 38.7% RUNAWAY 17.2% z Incorrigible offenses accounted for 4.1 percent (887). Source: Table 3. Note: Other includes minor beyond parental control and failure to obey a juvenile court order. Status Arrests, 2011 Gender of Arrestee by Category MALE 25.1% 12.3% 41.2% 3.0% 18.4% In 2011: z Males were more likely to be arrested for curfew violations than females (41.2 vs percent). FEMALE 24.3% 27.2% 33.6% 6.2% 8.7% z Females were more than twice as likely to be arrested for being a runaway than males (27.2 vs percent) PERCENT TRUANCY RUNAWAY CURFEW INCORRIGIBLE OTHER STATUS OFFENSES Source: Table 3. Note: Other includes minor beyond parental control and failure to obey a juvenile court order. 8

23 Arrests STATUS ARRESTS UNDER % Status Arrests, 2011 Age Group of Arrestee by Category 37.2% 20.9% 6.1% 27.5% 23.9% 32.5% 5.8% 12.8% 10.1% In 2011: z A greater percentage of runaways were in the under 12 age group than any other group (37.2 percent). z Juveniles in the age group were more likely to be arrested on a truancy violation than any other age group (27.5 percent). 3.5% % 15.3% 40.4% 16.6% PERCENT z Juveniles in the age group were more likely to be arrested for a curfew violation than any other age group (40.4 percent). TRUANCY RUNAWAY CURFEW INCORRIGIBLE OTHER STATUS OFFENSES Source: Table 3. Note: Other includes minor beyond parental control and failure to obey a juvenile court order. WHITE Status Arrests, 2011 Race/Ethnic Group of Arrestee by Category 13.2% 28.5% 35.8% 8.9% 13.6% In 2011: z White juveniles were more likely to be arrested for runaway offenses than any other race/ethnic group (28.5 percent). HISPANIC 28.4% 14.0% 2.5% 39.2% 15.9% z Hispanic juveniles were more likely to be arrested for truancy violations compared to any other race/ethnic group (28.4 percent). BLACK 25.6% 14.7% 40.2% 3.9% 15.7% OTHER 26.4% 17.1% 40.7% 4.0% 11.9% PERCENT TRUANCY RUNAWAY CURFEW INCORRIGIBLE OTHER STATUS OFFENSES Source: Table 3. Note: Other includes minor beyond parental control and failure to obey a juvenile court order. 9

24 Juvenile Justice in California, 2011 LAW ENFORCEMENT LEVEL DISPOSITIONS Law Enforcement Dispositions, 2011 By Type of Disposition COUNSELED & RELEASED 19.8% TURNED OVER 1.3% When processing juvenile arrestees, law enforcement agencies may refer juveniles to the probation department, counsel and release them, or turn them over to another agency. In 2011, of the 149,563 law enforcement dispositions reported: z 78.9 percent resulted in a referral to probation (118,058). REFERRED TO PROBATION 78.9% z 19.8 percent resulted in the juvenile being counseled and released (29,590). z 1.3 percent resulted in the juvenile being turned over to another agency (1,915). Source: Table 1. FEMALE Law Enforcement Dispositions, 2011 Gender by Disposition MALE 80.0% 76.2% 1.3% 18.7% 1.3% 22.5% PERCENT In 2011: z Males were more likely than females to be referred to the probation department (80.0 vs percent). z Females were more likely than males to be counseled and released (22.5 vs percent). REFERRED TO PROBATION COUNSELED AND RELEASED TURNED OVER Source: Table 1. 10

25 Arrests LAW ENFORCEMENT LEVEL DISPOSITIONS UNDER Law Enforcement Dispositions, 2011 Age Group by Disposition 72.9% 78.0% 79.4% 26.2% 0.9% 1.3% 20.7% 1.3% 19.4% In 2011: z Regardless of age group, the majority of juvenile offenders were referred to probation. z Juveniles under 12 were more likely to be counseled and released than any other age group (26.2 percent) PERCENT REFERRED TO PROBATION COUNSELED AND RELEASED TURNED OVER Source: Table 1. WHITE HISPANIC BLACK Law Enforcement Dispositions, 2011 Race/Ethnic Group by Disposition 79.0% 78.1% 81.7% 0.9% 20.2% 1.1% 20.8% 2.5% 15.8% In 2011: z More than 78 percent of juveniles in each race/ethnic group were referred to probation departments by law enforcement. z White, Hispanic, and other race/ethnic groups were more likely to be counseled and released than black juveniles (approximately 20 percent vs percent). OTHER 78.6% 0.9% 20.5% PERCENT REFERRED TO PROBATION COUNSELED AND RELEASED TURNED OVER Source: Table 1. 11

26 Juvenile Justice in California,

27 R eferrals Juvenile referrals occur when a juvenile is brought to the attention of the probation department for a case review. Juveniles can be referred by a number of sources, with the largest percentage of referrals coming from law enforcement. Referrals may also be generated by schools, parents, public or private agencies, individuals, or by transfers from another county or state. Referrals to the probation department consist of two types: new and subsequent. The term new referral applies to a juvenile who is not currently supervised by the probation department and is typically a first-time offender. The term subsequent referral applies to a juvenile who is currently supervised by the probation department. A subsequent referral generally results from a new arrest or probation violation. After a juvenile is referred to the probation department, a probation officer determines whether the juvenile should be detained or released. The probation department also conducts an investigation and determines whether the case should be closed or transferred; whether the juvenile should be placed on informal probation; or whether a petition should be filed with the court. This section examines referrals by gender, age group, and race/ethnic group. A new section highlighting juveniles directly filed into adult court has been added. Direct filing into adult court occurs when a juvenile of a certain age commits an offense that is subject to mandatory filing by a prosecutor (Welfare and Institutions Code section 602(b)) or discretionary filing by a prosecutor (Welfare and Institutions Code section 707(d)). This process is separate from the fitness hearing process that is conducted in juvenile court and is highlighted in the Petitions section of this publication. For the purpose of this section, the term juvenile refers to those individuals processed through the juvenile court system. The data used in this section originated from the 57 participating county probation departments (Sierra County is not included). This information was routed to the DOJ from referrals reported in the Juvenile Court and Probation Statistical System (see Appendix 2). Notes: Arrest data are reported by law enforcement agencies, whereas referral data are reported by probation departments. Comparisons between arrest data and referral data should not be made because of differences in the way data are reported between the two sources. See Appendix 2 for more detail. Percentages throughout this section may not add to because of rounding. 13

28 Juvenile Justice in California, 2011 REFERRAL SOURCE AND TYPE PUBLIC AGENCY/ INDIVIDUAL 5.7% SCHOOL/PARENT/ GUARDIAN 1.9% Referrals, 2011 By Source TRANSFERS 1.8% OTHER SOURCES 2.7% LAW ENFORCEMENT 88.0% In 2011, of the 148,250 referrals to probation reported: z 88.0 percent (130,468) were from law enforcement. z 1.9 percent (2,827) were from schools, parents, and private agencies and individuals. z 5.7 percent (8,426) were from public agencies or individuals. z 1.8 percent (2,597) were transfers from another county or state. z 2.7 percent (3,932) were from other sources. Source: Table 8. Referrals, 2011 By Type In 2011, of the 148,250 referrals reported: z 67.0 percent (99,364) were new referrals. z 33.0 percent (48,886) were subsequent referrals. SUBSEQUENT 33.0% NEW 67.0% Source: Table 8. 14

29 Referrals OFFENSE LEVEL Referrals, 2011 By Level of Offense STATUS OFFENSES 12.5% FELONY 32.9% In 2011, of the 195,269 referral offenses reported: z 32.9 percent (64,213) were for felonies. z 54.6 percent (106,697) were for misdemeanors. z 12.5 percent (24,359) were for status offenses. MISDEMEANOR 54.6% Source: Table 8. Note: As many as five offenses can be reported for each referral. Consequently, the number of referral offenses is higher than the number of referrals. 15

30 Juvenile Justice in California, 2011 REFERRALS FOR FELONY OFFENSES Type of Referrals, 2011 By Category In 2011, of the 64,213 referrals for felony offenses: OTHER OFFENSES 28.6% VIOLENT OFFENSES 23.6% z 23.6 percent (15,159) were for violent offenses. z 37.5 percent (24,087) were for property offenses. z 10.2 percent (6,578) were for drug offenses. DRUG OFFENSES 10.2% PROPERTY OFFENSES 37.5% z 28.6 percent (18,389) were for other felony offenses. Source: Table 9. Referrals for Felony Offenses, 2011 Gender by Category MALE 23.4% 35.9% 10.2% 30.4% In 2011: z Females were more likely than males to have been referred to the probation department for felony property offenses (46.3 vs percent). FEMALE 24.6% 46.3% 10.3% 18.8% PERCENT VIOLENT OFFENSES PROPERTY OFFENSES DRUG OFFENSES OTHER OFFENSES Source: Table 9. 16

31 Referrals REFERRALS FOR FELONY OFFENSES UNDER 12 Referrals for Felony Offenses, 2011 Age Group by Category 26.1% 35.4% 0.4% 38.1% In 2011: z Regardless of age group, juveniles were least likely to be referred to probation departments for a felony drug offense % 6.0% 37.0% 33.7% % 37.8% 10.9% 27.4% % 36.5% 13.4% 28.4% VIOLENT OFFENSES PROPERTY OFFENSES PERCENT DRUG OFFENSES OTHER OFFENSES Source: Table 9. WHITE 18.2% Referrals for Felony Offenses, 2011 Race/Ethnic Group by Category 40.6% 13.4% 27.9% In 2011: z A greater percentage of blacks were referred to the probation department for a violent offense (33.1 percent) more than any other race/ethnic group. HISPANIC 22.3% 34.0% 10.9% 32.9% BLACK 33.1% 43.3% 4.9% 18.8% OTHER 20.5% 38.6% 13.1% 27.8% PERCENT VIOLENT OFFENSES PROPERTY OFFENSES DRUG OFFENSES OTHER OFFENSES Source: Table 9. 17

32 Juvenile Justice in California, 2011 REFERRALS FOR MISDEMEANOR OFFENSES Referrals for Misdemeanor Offenses, 2011 By Category ALL OTHER 26.3% MALICIOUS MISCHIEF 17.4% DRUG AND ALCOHOL 16.1% ASSAULT AND BATTERY 24.1% THEFT 16.1% In 2011, of the 106,697 misdemeanor referral offenses reported: z 24.1 percent (25,716) were for assault and battery. z 16.1 percent (17,137) were for theft offenses. z 16.1 percent (17,210) were for drug and alcohol offenses. z 17.4 percent (18,525) were for malicious mischief offenses. z 26.3 percent (28,109) were for all other misdemeanor offenses. Source: Table 9. MALE 23.0% 12.3% 16.9% FEMALE Referrals for Misdemeanor Offenses, 2011 Gender by Category 27.2% 26.4% 19.3% 14.0% 11.9% 28.5% 20.4% PERCENT In 2011: z Males were more likely to be referred to the probation department for misdemeanor drug and alcohol and malicious mischief offenses than were females. z Females were more likely to be referred to the probation department for misdemeanor assault and battery and theft offenses than were males. ASSAULT AND BATTERY THEFT DRUG AND ALCOHOL MALICIOUS MISCHIEF ALL OTHER Source: Table 9. 18

33 Referrals REFERRALS FOR MISDEMEANOR OFFENSES UNDER Referrals for Misdemeanor Offenses, 2011 Age Group by Category 37.1% 30.2% 23.0% 18.4% 16.1% 13.7% 16.9% 8.0% 17.3% 16.4% 21.9% 23.0% 12.7% 21.0% 16.8% 13.6% 14.6% 19.2% 27.7% 32.4% In 2011: z Juveniles under 12 years of age were twice as likely as juveniles in the age group to be referred for misdemeanor assault and battery (37.1 vs percent). z The proportion of juveniles referred to probation departments for misdemeanor drug and alcohol offenses increased with age. Conversely, the proportion of juveniles referred to probation departments for misdemeanor assault and battery, theft, and malicious mischief decreased with age PERCENT ASSAULT AND BATTERY THEFT DRUG AND ALCOHOL MALICIOUS MISCHIEF ALL OTHER Source: Table 9. WHITE Referrals for Misdemeanor Offenses, 2011 Race/Ethnic Group by Category 19.5% 17.0% 22.2% 13.6% 27.7% In 2011: z A greater percentage of whites were referred to probation departments for a misdemeanor drug and alcohol offense more than any other race/ethnic group. HISPANIC BLACK 24.3% 32.9% 13.5% 15.2% 20.2% 7.5% 21.3% 15.7% 26.8% 22.6% z A greater percentage of Hispanics were referred to probation departments for a misdemeanor malicious mischief offense more than any other race/ethnic group. OTHER 21.8% 21.7% 13.2% PERCENT ASSAULT AND BATTERY THEFT 17.3% DRUG AND ALCOHOL 25.9% MALICIOUS MISCHIEF ALL OTHER z A greater percentage of blacks were referred to probation departments for a misdemeanor assault and battery offense more than any other race/ethnic group. Source: Table 9. 19

34 Juvenile Justice in California, 2011 STATUS REFERRALS Referrals for Status Offenses, 2011 By Category In 2011, of the 24,359 referrals for status offenses: OTHER STATUS OFFENSES 71.6% TRUANCY 11.8% RUNAWAY 7.2% CURFEW 5.1% INCORRIGIBLE 4.2% z 11.8 percent (2,878) were for truancy. z 7.2 percent (1,756) were for running away. z 5.1 percent (1,252) were for violating curfew. z 4.2 percent (1,032) were for incorrigibility. z 71.6 percent (17,441) were for other status offenses. Source: Table 9. Note: Other includes minor beyond parental control and failure to obey a juvenile court order. Referrals for Status Offenses, 2011 By Gender In 2011, of all referrals for status offenses: z 75.9 percent (18,478) were males, and 24.1 percent (5,881) were females. FEMALE 24.1% MALE 75.9% Source: Table

35 Referrals STATUS REFERRALS Referrals for Status Offenses, 2011 By Age Group % UNDER % % In 2011, of all referrals for status offenses: z 0.5 percent (133) were for juveniles under 12 years of age. z 14.3 percent (3,481) were for juveniles in the age group. z 71.6 percent (17,434) were for juveniles in the age group. z 13.6 percent (3,311) were for juveniles in the age group % Source: Table 12. Referrals for Status Offenses, 2011 By Race/Ethnic Group OTHER 6.1% In 2011, of all referrals for status offenses: z 25.1 percent (6,118) were white. z 53.8 percent (13,094) were Hispanic. z 15.0 percent (3,660) were black. BLACK 15.0% WHITE 25.1% z 6.1 percent (1,487) were from other race/ ethnic groups. HISPANIC 53.8% Source: Table

36 Juvenile Justice in California, 2011 DETENTIONS Detentions, 2011 By Type In 2011, of the 137,555 known preadjudication detentions reported: z 75.1 percent (103,363) of juveniles were not detained. DETAINED 24.9% z 93.7 percent (34,192) of those juveniles detained were in a secure facility. NOT DETAINED 75.1% SECURE FACILITY 93.7% NON-SECURE FACILITY 3.3% 2.9% HOME SUPERVISION Source: Table 13. Detentions, 2011 Gender by Detention Type 2.8% MALE 94.4% 2.8% FEMALE 90.2% 6.1% 3.7% PERCENT In 2011: z Regardless of gender, the majority of juveniles detained were held in a secure facility. z Females were more likely to be detained in a non-secure facility than males (6.1 vs. 2.8 percent). SECURE FACILITY NON-SECURE FACILITY HOME SUPERVISION Source: Table

37 Referrals DETENTIONS UNDER Detentions, 2011 Age Group by Detention Type 84.3% 90.8% 10.1% 5.6% 5.2% 3.9% In 2011: z The proportion of juveniles detained and placed in a secure facility increased with age. Conversely, the proportion of juveniles detained under home supervision decreased with age % 3.0% 3.0% % 3.2% 1.3% PERCENT SECURE FACILITY NON-SECURE FACILITY HOME SUPERVISION Source: Table 13. WHITE Detentions, 2011 Race/Ethnic Group by Detention Type 91.3% 5.1% 3.6% In 2011: z Regardless of race/ethnic group, the majority of detained juveniles were in a secure facility. HISPANIC 93.8% 3.1% 3.0% BLACK 95.3% 2.6% 2.2% OTHER 94.5% 2.5% 3.0% PERCENT SECURE FACILITY NON-SECURE FACILITY HOME SUPERVISION Source: Table

38 Juvenile Justice in California, 2011 PROBATION DEPARTMENT DISPOSITIONS Probation Department Dispositions, 2011 By Type TRANSFERRED 1.1% CLOSED AT INTAKE 37.7% PETITIONS FILED 49.7% DIVERSION 6.8% INFORMAL PROBATION 2.5% In 2011, of the 148,250 referrals handled by probation departments: z 49.7 percent (73,639) resulted in a petition being filed. z 37.7 percent (55,949) were closed at intake. z 1.1 percent (1,673) resulted in being transferred. z 6.8 percent (10,070) received diversion. z 2.5 percent (3,699) received informal probation. Source: Table 13. Note: Transferred includes the dispositions of traffic court, deported, direct filed, and transferred. Probation Department Dispositions, 2011 Gender by Disposition Type 2.3% MALE 53.6% 35.4% 5.7% FEMALE 37.3% 45.3% 3.1% 3.1% 10.4% 4.0% PERCENT In 2011: z Males were more likely than females to have petitions filed to proceed to juvenile court (53.6 vs percent). z Females were more likely than males to receive diversion (10.4 vs. 5.7 percent) or be closed at intake (45.3 vs percent). PETITION FILED CLOSED AT INTAKE INFORMAL PROBATION DIVERSION TRANSFERRED Source: Table 13. Note: Transferred includes the dispositions of traffic court, deported, direct filed, and transferred. 24

39 Referrals PROBATION DEPARTMENT DISPOSITIONS UNDER 12 Probation Department Dispositions, 2011 Age Group by Disposition Type 13.4% 65.7% 6.0% 12.5% 2.4% In 2011: z More than one-half (51.1 percent) of juveniles in the age group had petitions filed in juvenile court % 51.1% 4.3% 45.6% 2.3% 36.4% 9.8% 2.0% 6.5% 3.8% z The proportion of juveniles having petitions filed increased with age. Conversely, the proportions being closed at intake or receiving informal probation decreased with age. 0.5% % 3.0% 30.1% 2.5% PERCENT PETITION FILED CLOSED AT INTAKE INFORMAL PROBATION DIVERSION TRANSFERRED Source: Table 13. Note: Transferred includes the dispositions of traffic court, deported, direct filed, and transferred. WHITE HISPANIC BLACK Probation Department Dispositions, 2011 Race/Ethnic Group by Disposition Type 43.0% 50.9% 56.7% 39.9% 37.8% 3.0% 33.4% 2.7% 1.3% 8.6% 5.6% 6.0% 2.6% 6.5% 2.2% In 2011: z A greater percentage of whites received diversion than did any other race/ethnic group (8.6 percent). z Regardless of race/ethnic group, close to half of the referrals resulted in a petition being filed. OTHER 45.0% 41.0% 2.5% 7.4% 4.0% PERCENT PETITION FILED CLOSED AT INTAKE INFORMAL PROBATION DIVERSION TRANSFERRED Source: Table 13. Note: Transferred includes the dispositions of traffic court, deported, direct filed, and transferred. 25

40 Juvenile Justice in California, 2011 DIRECT FILE-ADULT COURT Direct File-Adult Court, 2011 By Disposition Type DIRECT FILE INTO ADULT COURT 0.5% In 2011, of the 148,250 referrals handled by probation departments: z 0.5 percent (686) resulted in a direct file with adult court. z 99.5 percent (147,564) resulted in a disposition other than direct file with adult court. ALL OTHER DISPOSITIONS 99.5% Source: Table 16. Direct File-Adult Court, 2011 By Gender FEMALES 5.2% In 2011, of the 686 referrals resulting in a direct file disposition: z Males were more likely than females to be directly filed into adult court (94.8 vs. 5.2 percent). MALES 94.8% Source: Table

41 Referrals DIRECT FILE-ADULT COURT Direct File-Adult Court, 2011 By Age Group ALL OTHER AGES 6.0% AGE % AGE % In 2011: z More than half (57.4 percent) of juveniles directly filed into adult court were 17 years old. AGE % AGE % Source: Table 16. Direct File-Adult Court, 2011 Race/Ethnic Group by Disposition Type OTHER 6.9% In 2011: z A greater percentage of Hispanics were directly filed into adult court (56.9 percent). BLACK 27.6% HISPANIC 56.9% WHITE 8.7% Source: Table

42 Juvenile Justice in California,

43 P etitions In the juvenile justice system, a case may be handled informally by the probation department or formally by the juvenile court. If the case proceeds for formal processing, the district attorney files a petition with the juvenile court to initiate court action. There are two types of petitions filed in juvenile court: new and subsequent. The term new petition applies to a juvenile who is not being supervised by the probation department and is typically a first-time offender. The term subsequent petition applies to a juvenile who is currently being supervised by the probation department and subsequently re-offends. This section examines petitions by gender, age group, race/ethnic group, offense, fitness hearings, and disposition. The data used in this section originated from the 57 participating county probation departments (Sierra County is not included). This information was routed to the DOJ from petitions reported in the Juvenile Court and Probation Statistical System (see Appendix 2). Note: Percentages throughout this section may not add to because of rounding. 29

44 Juvenile Justice in California, 2011 PETITION TYPE Petitions Filed, 2011 By Type In 2011, of the 73,639 reported petitions filed in juvenile court: z 50.7 percent (37,309) were new petitions. z 49.3 percent (36,330) were subsequent petitions. SUBSEQUENT 49.3% NEW 50.7% Source: Table

45 Petitions PETITION LEVEL Petitions Filed, 2011 By Level of Offense In 2011, of the 108,086 petitioned offenses filed: STATUS OFFENSES 15.1% MISDEMEANOR 41.4% FELONY 43.5% z 43.5 percent (46,973) were for felonies. z 41.4 percent (44,756) were for misdemeanors. z 15.1 percent (16,357) were for status offenses. Source: Table 18. Note: As many as five offenses can be reported for each petition filed. Consequently, the number of petition offenses is higher than the number of petitions. 31

46 Juvenile Justice in California, 2011 FELONY PETITIONS Petitions for Felony Offenses, 2011 By Category In 2011, of the 46,973 petitioned felony offenses filed in juvenile court: OTHER OFFENSES 26.4% VIOLENT OFFENSES 24.3% z 24.3 percent (11,423) were for violent offenses. z 38.9 percent (18,292) were for property offenses. z 10.3 percent (4,859) were for drug offenses. DRUG OFFENSES 10.3% PROPERTY OFFENSES 38.9% z 26.4 percent (12,399) were for other felony offenses. Source: Table 19. Petitions for Felony Offenses, 2011 Gender by Category MALE 23.8% 37.7% 10.3% 28.3% In 2011: z Regardless of gender, the largest proportion of felony petitions were filed for property offenses (37.7 and 46.7 percent). FEMALE 27.6% 46.7% 10.9% 14.8% PERCENT VIOLENT OFFENSES PROPERTY OFFENSES DRUG OFFENSES OTHER OFFENSES Source: Table

47 Petitions FELONY PETITIONS UNDER Petitions for Felony Offenses, 2011 Age Group by Category 25.8% 39.3% 38.3% 32.6% 5.2% 28.1% 30.7% In 2011: z Juveniles under the age of 12 had a greater percentage of petitions filed for felony violent offenses than any other age group. z The proportion of petitions filed for felony drug offenses increased with age % 39.3% 10.9% 25.5% % 37.8% 13.8% 26.5% VIOLENT OFFENSES PROPERTY OFFENSES PERCENT DRUG OFFENSES OTHER OFFENSES Source: Table 19. WHITE Petitions for Felony Offenses, 2011 Race/Ethnic Group by Category 18.5% 42.2% 13.8% 25.5% In 2011: z A greater percentage of blacks had petitions filed for felony violent offenses and the least petitions filed for felony drug offenses than did any other race/ethnic group. HISPANIC 23.0% 35.3% 11.0% 30.7% BLACK 33.7% 44.9% 4.7% 16.7% OTHER 20.7% 39.1% 13.8% 26.3% PERCENT VIOLENT OFFENSES PROPERTY OFFENSES DRUG OFFENSES OTHER OFFENSES Source: Table

48 Juvenile Justice in California, 2011 MISDEMEANOR PETITIONS Petitions for Misdemeanor Offenses, 2011 By Category In 2011, of the 44,756 petitioned misdemeanor offenses filed in juvenile court: ALL OTHER 26.9% ASSAULT AND BATTERY 29.4% z 29.4 percent (13,177) were for assault and battery offenses. z 12.3 percent (5,485) were for theft offenses. z 13.4 percent (6,004) were for drug and alcohol offenses. MALICIOUS MISCHIEF 17.9% DRUG AND ALCOHOL 13.4% THEFT 12.3% z 17.9 percent (8,031) were for malicious mischief offenses. z 26.9 percent (12,059) were for other misdemeanors. Source: Table 19. Petitions for Misdemeanor Offenses, 2011 Gender by Category MALE 27.7% 11.3% 13.2% FEMALE 35.8% 15.7% 20.0% 14.1% 10.4% 27.7% 24.1% PERCENT In 2011: z Males were twice as likely than females to have petitions filed for misdemeanor malicious mischief offenses (20.0 vs percent). z Females were more likely than males to have petitions filed for misdemeanor assault and battery offenses (35.8 vs percent). ASSAULT AND BATTERY THEFT DRUG AND ALCOHOL MALICIOUS MISCHIEF ALL OTHER Source: Table

49 Petitions MISDEMEANOR PETITIONS UNDER 12 Petitions for Misdemeanor Offenses, 2011 Age Group by Category 48.1% 13.2% 0.9% 23.6% 14.2% In 2011: z The proportions of petitions filed for misdemeanor malicious mischief offenses and misdemeanor assault and battery offenses decreased with age % 28.9% 11.6% 12.5% 13.5% 7.1% 20.8% 17.8% 23.0% 27.2% z The proportions of petitions filed for misdemeanor drug and alcohol offenses increased with age % 11.1% 21.4% 15.0% 30.6% PERCENT ASSAULT AND BATTERY THEFT DRUG AND ALCOHOL MALICIOUS MISCHIEF ALL OTHER Source: Table 19. WHITE Petitions for Misdemeanor Offenses, 2011 Race/Ethnic Group by Category 24.2% 14.1% 20.7% 15.1% 25.9% In 2011: z A greater percentage of whites had petitions filed for misdemeanor drug and alcohol offenses (20.7 percent). HISPANIC BLACK OTHER 29.4% 38.0% 28.4% 10.2% 12.2% 20.6% 27.6% 5.4% 15.9% 14.8% 26.0% 14.1% 16.0% 13.8% 27.7% z A greater percentage of Hispanics had petitions filed for misdemeanor malicious mischief offenses (20.6 percent). z A greater percentage of blacks had petitions filed for misdemeanor assault and battery offenses (38.0 percent) PERCENT ASSAULT AND BATTERY THEFT DRUG AND ALCOHOL MALICIOUS MISCHIEF ALL OTHER Source: Table

50 Juvenile Justice in California, 2011 STATUS PETITIONS Petitions for Status Offenses, 2011 By Category In 2011, of the 16,357 petitioned status offenses reported: RUNAWAY 0.3% TRUANCY 2.5% OTHER STATUS OFFENSES 96.9% CURFEW 0.1% INCORRIGIBLE 0.2% z 2.5 percent (408) were for truancy. z 0.3 percent (45) were for running away. z 0.1 percent (23) were for violating curfew. z 0.2 percent (29) were for incorrigibility. z 96.9 percent (15,852) were for other status offenses, the majority of which were violations of court orders. Source: Table 19. Note: Other includes minor beyond parental control and failure to obey a juvenile court order. Petitions for Status Offenses, 2011 By Gender FEMALE 18.1% In 2011: z 81.9 percent (13,392) of petitions for status offenses were male. z 18.1 percent (2,965) of petitions for status offenses were female. MALE 81.9% Source: Table

51 Petitions STATUS PETITIONS Petitions for Status Offenses, 2011 By Age Group UNDER 12 <0.1% % % % In 2011: z Less than 0.1 percent (1) of petitions for status offenses were for juveniles under the age of 12. z 10.4 percent (1,697) of petitions for status offenses were for juveniles in the age group. z 72.9 percent (11,926) of petitions for status offenses were for juveniles in the age group. z 16.7 percent (2,733) of petitions for status offenses were for juveniles in the age group. Source: Table 24. Petitions for Status Offenses, 2011 By Race/Ethnic Group OTHER 5.2% In 2011: z 24.8 percent (4,063) of those petitioned for status offenses were white. z 53.5 percent (8,745) of those petitioned for status offenses were Hispanic. BLACK 16.5% HISPANIC 53.5% WHITE 24.8% z 16.5 percent (2,697) of those petitioned for status offenses were black. z 5.2 percent (852) of those petitioned for status offenses were from other race/ethnic groups. Source: Table

52 Juvenile Justice in California, 2011 DEFENSE REPRESENTATION Defense Representation, 2011 By Type NOT REPRESENTED 0.9% In 2011, of the 61,500 known defense representations reported: z 99.1 percent (60,968) of the juveniles were represented by counsel. z 0.9 percent (532) of the juveniles were not represented by counsel. REPRESENTED 99.1% 6.3% PRIVATE COUNSEL 25.6% COURT- APPOINTED COUNSEL 67.1% PUBLIC DEFENDER 1.0% OTHER Source: Table 20. Defense Representation, 2011 Gender by Type In 2011, of the 60,968 juveniles represented by counsel: MALE 6.6% 26.7% 65.7% 1.0% z Males were more likely to be represented by private counsel than females (6.6 vs. 5.0 percent). FEMALE 5.0% 20.7% 73.2% 1.1% PERCENT z Females were more likely to be represented by a public defender than males (73.2 vs percent). PRIVATE COUNSEL COURT-APPOINTED COUNSEL PUBLIC DEFENDER OTHER Source: Table

53 Petitions DEFENSE REPRESENTATION UNDER % 27.0% Defense Representation, 2011 Age Group by Type 66.7% 3.5% In 2011: z Regardless of age group, the proportional breakdown of defense representation was similar. The majority of juveniles were represented by a public defender % 24.3% 69.5% 0.9% % 26.3% 66.5% 1.1% % 22.9% 67.9% 0.7% PERCENT PRIVATE COUNSEL COURT-APPOINTED COUNSEL PUBLIC DEFENDER OTHER Source: Table 20. WHITE 11.2% Defense Representation, 2011 Race/Ethnic Group by Type 18.9% 69.5% 0.4% In 2011: z Regardless of race/ethnic group, nearly six out of ten juveniles were represented by a public defender. HISPANIC 5.5% 25.6% 68.0% 1.0% BLACK 2.4% 35.8% 59.5% 2.3% OTHER 9.3% 17.8% 72.6% 0.3% PERCENT PRIVATE COUNSEL COURT-APPOINTED COUNSEL PUBLIC DEFENDER OTHER Source: Table

54 Juvenile Justice in California, 2011 FITNESS HEARINGS Fitness Hearings, 2011 By Outcome FIT 25.3% In 2011, of the 304 fitness hearings reported: z 74.7 percent (227) were determined to be unfit for juvenile court and were transferred to adult court for trial. z 25.3 percent (77) were determined to be fit and remained in the juvenile system. UNFIT 74.7% Source: Table 28. Fitness Hearings, 2011 Gender by Outcome MALE 23.7% 76.3% In 2011: z Females were two times more likely than males to be found fit and remain in juvenile court (47.6 vs percent). FEMALE 47.6% 52.4% PERCENT FIT UNFIT Source: Table

55 Petitions FITNESS HEARINGS 14 Fitness Hearings, 2011 Age by Outcome 83.3% 16.7% In 2011: z As juveniles aged, their likelihood of being found unfit and transferred to adult court increased % 45.5% % 59.2% % 79.7% ALL OTHER 13.5% 86.5% PERCENT FIT UNFIT Source: Table 28. WHITE Fitness Hearings, 2011 Race/Ethnic Group by Outcome 48.7% 51.3% In 2011: z A greater percentage of whites were found to be fit to remain in the juvenile system compared to the percentage of Hispanic and black juveniles. HISPANIC 21.4% 78.6% BLACK 18.9% 81.1% OTHER 55.6% 44.4% PERCENT FIT UNFIT Source: Table

56 Juvenile Justice in California, 2011 JUVENILE COURT DISPOSITIONS Juvenile Court Dispositions, 2011 By Type In 2011, of the 73,639 juvenile court dispositions: NON-WARD PROBATION 6.1% INFORMAL PROBATION 6.6% DISMISSED 14.8% OTHER 7.8% WARDSHIP 64.7% z 64.7 percent (47,655) resulted in wardship probation. z 14.8 percent (10,868) were dismissed. z 6.6 percent (4,866) resulted in informal probation. z 6.1 percent (4,522) resulted in non-ward probation. z 7.8 percent (5,728) resulted in dispositions including transfer, remand to adult court, deportation, diversion, and deferred entry of judgment. Source: Table 21. Note: Other includes transferred, remanded to adult court, deported, diversion, and deferred entry of judgment. MALE 14.5% FEMALE 15.9% Juvenile Court Dispositions, 2011 Gender by Type 10.5% 5.8% 5.5% 66.3% 7.9% 9.0% 7.1% 57.6% In 2011: z Males were more likely to receive a wardship disposition than females (66.3 vs percent). z Regardless of gender, approximately 15 percent of cases were dismissed PERCENT DISMISSED INFORMAL PROBATION NON-WARD PROBATION WARDSHIP OTHER Source: Table 21. Note: Other includes transferred, remanded to adult court, deported, diversion, and deferred entry of judgment. 42

57 Petitions JUVENILE COURT DISPOSITIONS UNDER % Juvenile Court Dispositions, 2011 Age Group by Type 34.9% 14.4% 11.3% 6.0% 5.8% 7.4% 28.0% 0.6% 29.1% 8.4% 6.4% 59.5% 67.3% 8.3% In 2011: z Juveniles under the age of 12 were more likely to receive informal probation or have their cases dismissed than juveniles in any other age group. z Juveniles in the age group were more likely to receive a wardship disposition than juveniles in any other age group % 4.4% 5.3% 56.4% 6.3% PERCENT DISMISSED INFORMAL PROBATION NON-WARD PROBATION WARDSHIP OTHER Source: Table 21. Note: Other includes transferred, remanded to adult court, deported, diversion, and deferred entry of judgment. WHITE 16.2% Juvenile Court Dispositions, 2011 Race/Ethnic Group by Type 10.1% 7.9% 56.1% 9.6% In 2011: z A greater percentage of whites received informal probation than any other race/ ethnic group. HISPANIC 13.5% 5.9% 5.6% 68.1% 7.0% z A greater percentage of Hispanics received wardship than any other race/ethnic group. BLACK 4.7% 16.3% 5.6% 66.0% 7.4% OTHER 17.1% 7.2% 7.2% 58.0% 10.5% PERCENT DISMISSED INFORMAL PROBATION NON-WARD PROBATION WARDSHIP OTHER Source: Table 21. Note: Other includes transferred, remanded to adult court, deported, diversion, and deferred entry of judgment. 43

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