Bexar County Community Supervision and Corrections Department

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1 Bexar County Community Supervision and Corrections Department Jarvis Anderson Chief Probation Officer Redirecting Behavior Reclaiming Lives 1

2 Mission Statement To promote safety and provide protection throughout the community at all times by reducing the incidence of criminal activity of the offender placed under community supervision. (Redirecting Behavior) Achieved through the rehabilitation and social reintegration offenders by utilizing community-based sanctions and/or services through community partnerships. (Reclaiming Lives) 2

3 Definition of Community Supervision Placement of a defendant by a court under a continuum of programs and sanctions with: Conditions imposed by the court for a specified period of time Proceedings are deferred OR Imprisonment, confinement, and fines are probated and the imposition of sentence is suspended in whole or in part 3

4 Four Types of Community Supervision in the State of Texas Regular Misdemeanor and Felony Community Supervision Deferred Adjudication Community Supervision Shock Community Supervision State Jail Felony Community Supervision 4

5 Common Conditions of Community Supervision 1. Neither commit nor be convicted of any offense against the Laws of Texas, other states or the United States of America 2. Avoid injurious or vicious habits and abstain from the illegal use of controlled substances or alcoholic beverages 3. Avoid places or persons of harmful or disreputable character 4. Obtain and keep gainful employment 5. Report to assigned supervision as ordered and submit to field visits 6. Remain within Bexar County 7. Support your dependents 8. Provide proof of residence 9. Pay fine, court costs, supervisory fees 5

6 Texas Direct, Indirect and Pretrial Populations FY ,899 Felony Offenders 168,194 Misdemeanor Offenders Bexar County Direct, Indirect and Pretrial Populations FY 13 14,928 Felony Offenders 13,779 Misdemeanor Offenders 6

7 The Bexar County CSCD Employs: 257 Certified Supervision Officers who service 13 County Courts and 10 District Courts 223 staff are employed in residential treatment, administrative and support services Supervise 21,000 + direct offenders in Bexar County 7

8 CSCD Funding Sources 67% of the Department s funding is appropriated from the State The 31% of funds are collected from offenders such as Supervision Fees or program fees. Bexar County funds 2% of the department s operations. 8

9 Collections of Offender Fees in FY 13 Fine & Court Costs - $6,528,150 Supervisory Fees - $7,262,173 Restitution Agency - $600,710 Restitution Individual - $1,382,657 CSCD Program Fees - $406,319 9

10 Problem Solving Courts Felony Drug Court Misdemeanor Drug Court Felony Re-Entry Court Misdemeanor Re-Entry Court Misdemeanor Mental Health Court Misdemeanor Veterans Treatment Court Misdemeanor DWI Court 10

11 Specialized Programs Sex Offender Management Unit High Risk Gang Caseload Intermediate Sanctions Program Field Surveillance Unit Aftercare Program Mentally Impaired Caseload Out of County 11

12 Specialized Programs Court Liaison Unit Pre-Sentence Investigation Unit Assessment Unit Intake Unit 12

13 Regional Units 5 North Units 5 South Units 2 Central Units 13

14 Residential Treatment Facility Intermediate Sanctions Facility-II Mentally Impaired Offender Facility Substance Abuse Treatment Facility 14

15 Outpatient Treatment Programs Intensive Outpatient Track Supportive Outpatient Track Aftercare Outpatient Track Dual Diagnosis Outpatient Track 15

16 Evidence Based Practices and the Progressive Sanctions and Incentives Model The model reduces total felony and misdemeanor revocations by responding to violations in a swift, fair, consistent and proportional manner. The model is divided by offense type and risk level of the offender to determine the response to a violation. 16

17 Evidence Based Practices and the Progressive Sanctions and Incentives Model 17

18 Evidence Based Practices and the Progressive Sanctions and Incentives Model 18

19 Moving Assessment to a New Generation

20 TEXAS RISK ASSESSMENT SYSTEM (TRAS) TRAS Re-validated the Ohio Risk Assessment System (ORAS) TRAS includes Pretrial tool Community Supervision Tool Prison Tool Prison Reentry Tool

21 WHAT ARE THE RISK FACTORS? Criminal History Peers Criminal Attitude & Personality Factors Neighborhood Substance Abuse Ed & Employment Family

22

23 Questions???

24 Mary Helen Lopez Director of Residential Programs

25 The Perfect Storm: Veterans, Culture, and the Criminal Justice System Justice Policy Journal In a Justice Policy Journal, Volume 10, Number 2, (2013) W. Brown, with other authors state that approximately 2.2 million service members, at the end of 2012 have been deployed to Operation Enduring Freedom- Afghanistan, Iraq. Over 6, 600 U.S military fatalities have resulted from these wars, along with 50,000 wounded military personnel (Dept. of Defense, 2012). Brown states that one impending consequence that the American Public often ignores is the artifact of war such as the criminal justice system.

26 Co-Occurring Disorders and Military Justice In a SAMSHA article, it is reported that there are more than two million members of the U.S. Armed Forces have been deployed since 2001 as part of Operation Enduring Freedom in Afghanistan and Operation Iraqi Freedom in Iraq. Many veterans of Iraq and Afghanistan have developed post-traumatic stress disorder, anxiety, depression, and alcohol or substance use disorders after returning from deployment. Combat exposure, multiple deployments, and reduced time between deployments are some of the factors that contribute to the development of behavioral health disorders. Family strife, high unemployment, lack of treatment access, and stigma associated with services only increases the distress experienced by veterans of Iraq and Afghanistan. Veterans represent ten percent of inmates in state prisons and local jails. Many have mental and substance use disorders.

27

28 Observations of Obstacles for Veterans in the Criminal Justice System Lack of insight about their illness Difficult to access treatment If separated from the military, reports of a disconnect to the military community and not familiar/comfortable with nonmilitary community. A soldier should be able to Fix it Shame VA treatment services are not utilized due to regular court ordered treatment programs/education classes Homeless Denial of benefits/wait for benefits Stigma of Mental Illness/Concern about medications Fear of harm to military career/future. Self Medicate

29 Obstacles for Criminal Justice Data is not current to assess needs or capacity Not all Criminal Justice related agencies collect/report data Veterans involved in the CJ system may not report Veteran status to a Criminal Justice worker due to shame, fear of loosing benefits, harm to career Appropriate assessments for Veterans Military Culture/Civilian Culture Lack of training for CJ practitioners on approaches/considerations for Veterans Difficulty in obtaining medical/psychiatric information to develop an appropriate supervision plan or treatment plan for the courts

30 Strengths in Bexar County Community to assist Veterans in the Criminal Justice System Veterans Court Military Town USA CSCD Dept., DA s Office, Court Staff, Defense Attorney s, Law Enforcement, and Providers are ex-military, retired military, family of military, or are active with Reserve or National Guard Strong Veteran Advocacy Groups in Bexar County Great Coordination with the VJO/VA Hospital VA/VJO provides training to Bexar County Community Community Stakeholders and Social Service agencies commitment to collaborate and assist Veterans

31 Bexar CSCD Veteran Initiatives Timeline 2009 Mental Health Court and Bexar CSCD modify eligibility requirements to include Veterans. Begin coordination with local VA Hospital, and/or Private Providers 2010 Bexar CSCD Administrators active with Veteran Court Committee 2011 Bexar CSCD Community Supervision Officers active with 1 st Bexar County Vet 2012 Bexar CSCD and the VJO begin to collaborate with presentations and training of CSCD CSO s on VA services, referral process, and PTSD education VA begins to collaborate with Bexar CSCD MIOF, SATF, and MIC staff on discharge planning with regard to continuum of care of residents/offenders that are eligible for VA services upon discharge 2013 VJO provides training to residential security, clinical staff, and Residential Supervision Officers about PTSD, and appropriate considerations and interventions for veterans Collaborations with community stakeholders are established to provide enhanced services. San Antonio Housing Authority, Seton Home, Chrysalis, San Antonio Council of Alcohol Drug Abuse, Oxford House, Bexar County Reentry Council, NAMI, and Faith Based Organizations 2014 Hire of a LMSW/LCD that has over 22 years service in the military as a Mental Health Specialist. Assignments included Walter Reed Hospital, Camp Bondsteel in Kosovo and recently was assigned in Ft. Hood, Texas until Nov Specialized in PTSD, case management, assessment, mental health and

32 MIOF PROGRAM DESCRIPTION MIOF is a Bexar County CSCD facility identified as a Diversion Program for Felony Offenders with mental impairments. (Priority Population) The MI offender is court ordered to MIOF via a judges court order. The length of stay can range from days. Psychiatric and Pharmacological Management Intensive case management PTSD/Veteran Interventions as appropriate Individual and Group counseling Cognitive Behavioral Treatment Criminogenic Risk/Neeeds interventions Co-occurring-Substance Dependence treatment Multidisciplinary Team (Psychiatrist, RCSO, LCDC, QMHP, Nurse, and Security) Spiritual Services, HIV Testing, Parenting, Anger Management

33 PARTICIPANT ACTIVITIES MIC officers are trained in specialized case management, crises management, symptom management, and are knowledgeable of community resources specific for the mentally ill. The MIC program typically has a duration period of 9 to 18 months, depending on the MIC PROGRAM DESCRIPTION The Mental Impairment Caseload is designed as an intensive supervision intervention to afford the judge a viable alternative for the mentally impaired offender by providing the Courts with a structured outpatient program to supervise and manage these high risk/needs offenders. MIC is the step-down for the resident that is discharged from MIOF successfully or can be admitted via a transfer from a regular case load after all eligibility criteria has been confirmed. Offenders in MIC/MHI receive services through Veterans Administration, private physicians/psychiatrists or Center for Health Care Services (CHCS). m for mentally impaired offenders who are on community supervision. The MIC Program provides a community-based program emphasizing continuity of care. This program is designed to offer intensive treatment and support to persons with major mental impairment, and is designed to divert these offenders from Texas Department of Criminal Justice. The support is based on the individual needs, which may vary during the course of treatment. Program components include monitoring of scheduled psychiatric and pharmacological management, crisis management and stabilization. Coordination, and collaboration with various community agencies are routine in the program. Veterans in the program continue in any services provided by the VA, VJO, private doctor or community providers. The Supervision Officer will collaborate with any provider to confirm compliance with treatment, medications as appropriate, and or modify referrals as the need should arise.

34 Special Needs Offenders Program 2008 Recidivism Rate The Special Needs Offender program matches specialized supervision caseloads funded by CJAD to targeted mental health case management services funded by TCOOMMI. According to the most recent recidivism study conducted by CJAD, the three year recidivism rate for special needs offenders is 17.6%.

35 Recidivism Rates for Top Five CSCD S 35.0% 30.0% 30.3% 25.0% 20.0% 15.0% 12.7% 17.6% 20.6% 22.6% Bexar Harris Average Tarrant Dallas* Travis 10.0% 6.6% 5.0% 0.0% Bexar Harris Average Tarrant Dallas* Travis *Dallas rates reflect only one mental health provider, Metro Care. 35

36 Top Ten CSCD s with Most Offenders Served and Recidivism Rates 35.0% 30.0% 25.0% 20.0% 17.7% 18.4% 20.6% 21.3% 24.2% 30.3% 15.0% 11.3% 12.7% 13.6% 10.0% 6.6% 5.0% 0.0% Bexar Cameron/ Hildalgo/ Willacy Harris El Paso Mclennan Wichita Falls Tarrant Montgomery Tom Green Travis

37 Special Needs Offenders Programs Recidivism Rates for Parole The three year recidivism rates for the Parole SNOP participants is 4.2% 10.0% 5.0% 0.0% 2.6% 3.4% 4.2% 6.0% 0.0% 6.3% Tarrant Bexar Harris Dallas* Travis 3 Yr Recidivism Rate for All Parole SNOP participants *Dallas County does not have a SNOP for the parole population.

38 Comparison of Probation and Parole Recidivism Rates 35.0% 30.0% 30.3% 25.0% 20.0% 15.0% 12.7% 20.6% Probation Parole 10.0% 5.0% 0.0% 6.6% 6.0% 6.3% 3.4% 2.6% 0.0% Bexar Harris Tarrant Dallas* Travis *TCOOMMI does not fund targeted mental health case management for parole in Dallas county.

39 Goals for The Perfect Storm In the article The Perfect Storm: Veterans, Culture, and the Criminal Justice System. The authors state that the goal of the article was to communicate that for the CJ system to reach its goal of providing justice for all, cultural competence is required. The lack of data, in regard to how many veterans are in the system, the information that would identify the unique problems of veterans as offenders, and how to address is important to achieve justice. The goal is for the veteran not to remain or return to the Criminal Justice system.

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