# FICO Credit Score Algorithm. Group 14

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1 FICO Credit Score Algorithm Group 14

2 What is FICO? Fico is short for Fair Isaac and Co. It is the most widely used credit score. The Fair Isaac Company developed custom software back in the 1980s that helped other companies determine a credit risk based on a number derived from a person's credit history. This number soon became a standard that was adopted by the main credit bureaus: Experian,TransUnion, and Equifax.

3 The Score The FICO score ranges between 300 and 850. That FICO score is calculated by a mathematical equation that evaluates many types of information from your credit report, at that agency. By comparing this information to the patterns in hundreds of thousands of past credit reports, the FICO Score estimates your level of future credit risk. In general, a FICO score above 650 indicates that the individual has a very good credit history. People with scores below 620 will often find it substantially more difficult to obtain financing at a favorable rate.

4 Why is it important? Your credit score will follow you for your entire life and if you are ever trying to borrow money, the lender is going to look at your credit score to determine whether or not to lend money to you. Not only does your credit score determine whether or not you ll receive financing, it also determines how much it will cost you to borrow that money.

5 Some History... Concept of credit scoring common practice Move towards quantifying credit scores o o Russia information asymmetry

6 Early Scorecards Developed in the late 1950s Simple sheet of cardboard Designed from an odds-based prediction of risk Help decide if a prospective applicant should be granted credit, according to the person s responses to a series of set questions

7 Application Scorecard Score o characteristics Risk factor o past indicative of future Limitations o not stabilized o dependent on sample/population/demographics

8 Problems Good and Bad was flexible limitations in organization o o o fairly intensive manual labor incidents of destroyed records, incomplete documents, etc organization structure shift from paper > electronic data entry

9 What is measured Only the information that the credit bureau has provided is used Payment history New credit Length of your credit history Amounts owed on each line of credit/loan Types of credit used (loans, credit cards, etc.) The scores between the 3 credit bureaus can vary slightly due to which credit bureau is sending the data.

10 What isn t measured Race, color, religion, national origin, sex, and marital status Age Salary, occupation, title, employer, date employed, or employment history o Lenders may consider it but it is not included in the FICO score Where you live Any interest rate being charged on a particular credit card or other account

11 Any items reported as child/family support obligations or rental agreements Certain types of inquires for your credit report o Consumer-initiated inquiries, promotional inquiries, administrative inquiries, or request marked as from employers are not counted Any information not found in your credit report Any information that is not proven to be predictive of future credit performance Whether or not you are participating in credit counseling of any kind.

12 What are the implications? What does this mean for people like you and me?

13 Real People Talking About the Effects I genuinely wanted to help with the mortgage to show that I was an equal financial partner in my marriage. I didn t want my husband to feel like he was taking care of me, or that I wasn t contributing to our shared lifestyle. While my husband insists there s no resentment whatsoever (and I believe him fully when he says it), I feel like somehow I didn t earn the house we live in like I ve cheated the system to get a house I didn t deserve. [2] Her credit score was 680 Her and her husband both just got raises at work, and had two salaries She never had any red flags and no late payments

14 People are just numbers? According to the Fair Isaac Corp., the inventors of the modern credit score, credit scores are important enough in calculating the terms of a loan that it is possible to estimate an individual's interest rate and monthly mortgage payment based only on her score. [1] People just being reduced to numbers? o Credit Score, income, number of credit cards, number of missed payments, etc. Any room for justification?

15 How does your credit get used? Your credit report reveals many aspects of your borrowing activities. All pieces of information should be considered in relationship to other pieces of information. The ability to quickly, fairly and consistently consider all this information is what makes credit scoring so useful. Lenders and other businesses use the information in your credit report to evaluate your applications for credit, loans, insurance, or renting a home.

16 Consequences of having bad credit Consequences: Companies, lenders may not trust you enough to loan money to, etc o Can affect the difficulty in purchasing certain things o May have to put a bigger down payment for buying cars or appartments, etc o Interest rate may be higher o May not receive the loan that you want to get

17 How to improve your credit Questions to consider when improving your credit: o Have you paid your bills on time? o Are you maxed out? o How long have you had your credit? o Have you applied for new credit lately? o How many credit accounts do you have and what kind of accounts are they?

18 What does it mean that our lives are reduced to numbers? Due to the importance of credit scores, it forces individuals to use lines of credit even if they don t need to. Having no credit is almost as bad as having bad credit Encourages people to live beyond their means To build a good credit score an individual has to utilize the multiple types of credit (revolving, installment, etc.)

19 Purchasing anything from homes/apartments to cars to cell phones rely in some way on your credit score as well as small business loans. Can also prevent you from getting jobs. Your credit score dictates many facets of your life and a number becomes the sole relevant attribute of your character to any potential lender.

20 How do they calculate your credit score?

21

22 My own credit score Using a personal finance tool called Mint

23 Pretty good But what does it mean?

24 If I got a mortgage I would pay approximately \$40,000 more than someone with a credit score in the best range.

25 Live Demo FACO Credit Score (Algorithm Bias)

26 Sources [1]How Important Is Your Credit Score for Mortgage Loans? [2] FICO Credit Score 10 Side Effects of Bad Credit A Bad Credit Score Affects A Lot More Than Credit

CREDIT BASICS About your credit score Your credit score influences the credit that s available to you and the terms (interest rate, etc.) that lenders offer you. It s a vital part of your credit health.

http://www.myfico.com/crediteducation/creditscores.aspx About your credit score Your credit score influences the credit that s available to you and the terms (interest rate, etc.) that lenders offer you.

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