1 WATER DAMAGE: Mitigating the Loss Course Description Water Damage: Mitigating the Loss will discuss the many advantages of restorative cleaning over tear-out and reconstruction in the event of a water loss, including faster recovery to pre-loss condition, significant claim cost reduction and substantial reduction of disruption and loss recovery time. The Painless Restorer Delivering Total Claim Accountability Presented for the Conference for Catholic Facility Management
2 Conference for Catholic Facility Management ( CCFM ) is a Registered Provider with The American Institute if Architects Continuing Education Systems (AIA/CES). Credit(s) earned on completion of this program will be reported to AIA/CES for AIA members. Certificates of Completion for both AIA members and non-aia members are available upon request. This program is registered with AIA/CES for continuing professional education. As such, it does not include content that may be deemed or construed to be an approval or endorsement by the AIA of any material of construction or any method or manner of handling, using distributing or dealing in any material or product. Questions related to specific materials, methods and services will be addressed at the conclusion of this presentation.
3 WATER DAMAGE: Mitigating the Loss Copyright Materials This presentation is protected by U.S. and International Copyright Laws. Reproduction, distribution, display and use of the presentation without written permission of the speaker is prohibited. ACR, Inc The Painless Restorer Delivering Total Claim Accountability Presented for the Conference for Catholic Facility Management
4 WATER DAMAGE: Mitigating the Loss Learning Objectives 1. At the end of the program, participants will be able to understand the process of water loss restoration, using examples and/or case studies. 2. At the end of the program, participants will be able to elevate their expectations of the outcome in water losses, by being familiar with the industry best-practices and top-level protocol, using examples and/or case studies. 3. At the end of the program, participants will be able to greatly reduce cost, disruption and loss if use in the event of water losses, using examples and/or case studies. 4. At the end of the program, participants will be able to save far more structural elements and contents by choosing restorative cleaning over demolition as the first response, using examples and/or case studies.
5 The Purpose of this Course Teach the basic principles of restorative drying Provide an overview of the latest technology and techniques Provide general knowledge about handling Water Damage Losses Highlight the advantages of restorative drying over replacement
6 Course Overview Project Management Health And Safety Recognizing Unique Site Challenges Proper Drying Equipment For Top Level Protocol Restoration Drying Complex Structures Microbiological Considerations
7 Making Documenting Claims Easier Files are delivered on a web based platform Total Claim Accountability 24/7/365 Access Nearly Real Time 100% Transparent No Surprises You re In Control Comprehensive Notes/Updates Pricing & Activity Justification
8 Total Claim Accountability:
9 No Conflict of Interest Service Policy We specialize exclusively in mitigation of damaged properties and has chosen not to directly profit from major structural repairs and materials or floor covering replacement.
10 No Conflict of Interest Service Policy What are the Advantages? Restorative cleaning costs FAR less than tear-out/reconstruction Policy Limits are conserved Losses are restored much faster Disruption of normal activities is minimized Business Interruption costs are reduced or eliminated Temporary Housing Costs are reduced or eliminated
11 Why Discuss Water Damage? Dr. Michael Berry, an Indoor Air Quality (IAQ) expert states: Water is the single most long-term destructive substance in the indoor environment. It dissolves many materials and supports the growth of microorganisms on others.
12 Why Discuss Water Damage? Because of the money that is being spent on repairs, mitigation and restoration on water damage claims. Of the four major property claim types, water damage accounts for nearly 40% of claims (see following graph).
13 Property Insurance Claims
14 Why Talk Restoration vs. Replacement? Because of the large percentage of claims related to water damage, it is imperative that the latest restoration technology and techniques are being employed in lieu of replacement options to help reduce the Loss Ratio and Loss Adjustment Expense on each claim. The following graph depicts the percentage of trade area dollars spent on replacement of structural items.
16 Research shows that restoration saves on average 20% per claim versus replacement. Based on 2001 survey by JP Service Associates showing that when professional restorers are used in advance of construction companies the average insurance claim totals $ 4,000. Claims resulting from full service companies average $ 5,000.
17 Restoration Industry Standards If you are responsible for property damaged in loss, it is imperative that you know the standards of care of the restoration industry. IICRC S500 - Standard & Reference Guide for Professional Water Damage Restoration IICRC S520 Standard & Reference Guide for Professional Mold Remediation IICRC S100 Standard & Reference Guide for Professional Carpet Cleaning IICRC S300 Standard & Reference Guide for Professional Upholstery Cleaning RIA- NIDR Guidelines for Fire & Smoke Damage Repair CRI 104 & 105 Standards for Installation of Commercial & Residential Carpet
18 Major Causes of Water Damage Faulty or damaged plumbing Frozen Water Pipes Defective Appliances and Fixtures Faulty or Damaged Construction Accidents or negligence Weather floods Willful misconduct and vandalism Fire control & high humidity conditions
19 Sources and Categories of Water Losses According to IICRC S500, water sources are placed in three general categories. Before defining the three categories, we will discuss how S500 categorizes water. S500 states: A categorization of the level of contamination from water in a damaged structure is required to perform loss assessment and evaluation activities. The category of water contamination must be considered so that procedures can be established for processing water-damaged structures and materials safely.
20 Sources and Categories of Water Losses Water sources are divided into three general categories: Category 1: Clean Water Category 2: Gray Water Category 3: Black Water The category of water contamination is not determined by the color of the water source alone; rather, the category is determined by a combination of source, contents affected, time, history and characteristics of the water. Thus, though the source may be clean, the loss may be considered category 3: Black Water.
21 Category 1: CLEAN WATER A clean water source is one that does not pose substantial harm to humans. Examples are broken water supply lines, tub or sink overflows, melting ice or snow, falling rainwater, broken toilet tanks, etc. Once a clean water source contacts other sources and materials, its condition may change as it dissolves or mixes with soils and other contaminants, as time elapses.
22 Category 2: GRAY WATER Unsanitary or gray water contains some level of contamination and has the potential to cause discomfort or sickness if consumed by or exposed to humans. Examples are discharge from dishwashers or washing machines, overflows from washing machines, overflows from toilet bowls with some urine (no feces), sump pump failures, punctured water beds, fire suppression (sprinkler head), etc. Time and temperature aggravate Category 2 (gray) water contamination levels significantly. Gray water in flooded structures that remains untreated for longer than 36 hours can change from Category 2 to Category 3.
24 Category 3: BLACK WATER Black water always contains pathogenic (disease causing) agents and is grossly unsanitary. Black water sources are those that arise from sewage or other contaminated water entering a structure. Includes all forms of flooding from seawaters, ground surface water and rising water from rivers or streams. They carry silt and organic matter into structures. The water is considered to be black where structural materials and/or contents have been contaminated with such contaminants as pesticides, heavy metals or toxic organic substances.
26 Microbial Activity To prevent amplification of microorganisms, immediate response is necessary for all categories of water intrusion. FACT Microorganisms are always present in the indoor environment. Whether water is categorized as clean, gray, or black, when there is a water intrusion if it is left unattended, microorganisms will amplify. While the amplification will not be immediately noticeable, the greater the length of the time, the greater the amplification. With the passage of time, microorganisms present in any category of water intrusion will begin to amplify.
27 Air Filtration Device Mandatory in all Category 3 water losses as per IICRC S500 standards.
28 Principles of Restorative Drying There are four general principles that must be understood before any materials subjected to water damage can be returned to a preloss condition. They are: 1. EXTRACTION 2. EVAPORATION 3. DEHUMIDIFICATION 4. TEMPERATURE CONTROL
29 Principles of Restorative Drying Extraction Removal of excess water usually through the use of more sophisticated techniques and equipment to include pumps or heavyduty wet pick-up vacuuming equipment. It is generally accepted that it is 500 times faster to remove water through extraction than it is to evaporate it.
30 Principles of Restorative Drying Evaporation Once excess water is removed, technicians must concentrate on changing water from a liquid to a vapor by promoting evaporation to increase the rate of drying. Normally, this is accomplished with air movers.
32 Principles of Restorative Drying Dehumidification Once moisture is evaporated from the structural and contents materials into the air, it must be removed through dehumidification if substantial secondary damage is to be avoided. Secondary Damage
34 Principles of Restorative Drying Temperature Control Both evaporation and dehumidification capabilities are greatly enhanced by controlling the temperature in a confined environment. Thus, temperature modification and control becomes an important basic principle for restorative drying. Later in this course, we will discuss the science of Psychometrics, which manages the ambient temperature according to relative humidity in order to achieve a balanced drying system.
35 Principles of Restorative Drying Other Restoration Considerations Obviously, there are many other considerations, but reduced to the most basic form, the four restorative drying principles are the guiding principles for all other procedures that must be performed. Total restoration involves many other procedures that may be required to bring the structure and contents back to a pre-loss condition. They might include: Inspecting Coordinating Tear Out Cleaning Deodorizing Refinishing Reconstruction to name a few.
36 Principles of Restorative Drying Mitigating the Damage Equipment of Water Damage Restoration Water Extraction Equipment Air Movers Drying Equipment Inspection/Detection Equipment Dehumidifiers
37 Principles of Restorative Drying Water Removal Equipment Extraction Units Portable dual vacuum system preferred Truck-mounted extraction unit Extraction Tools Light wand (scrub wand) Stationary Extraction Tool Self-propelled extraction tool Vacuum squeegee or hard surface type wand. Submersible Pump For basements, crawlspaces
38 Water Removal Equipment Xtreme Xtractor Water Extraction unit with Self - Contained Vacuum unit
39 Water Removal Equipment Extraction Unit - Portable
40 Extraction Unit Truck Mount
41 Evaporation Drying Equipment Air Movers Used to cause evaporation. Centrifugal Fans Standard Air Mover. Axial Fans Move more air while requiring less power.
42 Evaporation Drying Equipment Determining the # of Air Movers Needed Per the IICRC guidelines, one air mover placed every 10 to 14 linear feet (50-60 square feet) around the perimeter of the room at a 45 degree angle. Example: 12 x 12 room size 48 linear feet /10 = 5 air movers
43 Air Filtration Devices Air Scrubbers (HEPA-rated) Removes 99.97% of 0.3 microns Used in structures occupied by ill or respiratory-impaired persons(allergies, asthma) Set up after initial day of drying when particles are being rendered airborne. Mandatory in mold or sewage losses, as per IICRC S500. Create negative pressure in contaminated areas to prevent crosscontamination
47 Inspection / Detection Equipment Digital Hygrometer Measures temperature ( thermo ) and relative humidity ( hygro ) of the air. Used to determine: The difference between inside and outside humidity/temperature, in order to decide whether to use an open or closed drying system. Used to determine when the structure has returned to normal humidity (before removing drying equipment). Remember that there is a great deal of variation in morning and afternoon humidity.
48 Inspection / Detection Equipment Moisture Meters Device with pins or probes which measures moisture absorbed within structural materials Penetrating Pin probe: insulation probe; hammer probe Used in drywall, hardwood floors/sub floor Non-Penetrating Used to detect moisture under sheet vinyl, VCT, wood, paneling, drywall, ceramic tile, etc.
49 Moisture Meter
50 Inspection / Detection Equipment Other Meters Psychrometric Chart or Calculator Used to determine Specific Humidity (SH), Vapor Pressure (VP), Dew Point (DP).
51 Inspection / Detection Equipment Other Meters Boroscope Used to view inside walls or other cavities to check for the presence of unknowns
52 Inspection / Detection Equipment Other Meters Thermal Imaging Camera Use of infrared imaging technology to locate pockets of saturation inside walls and under flooring.
53 Dehumidification Two Types of Dehumidifiers Refrigerant Dehumidifier (most common) They work on the condensation principle, by drawing warm, moist air across metal coils cooled by a gaseous coolant. Two Types Standard Refrigerant Low Grain Refrigerant (LGR) Desiccant Dehumidifier They are highly hygroscopic (adsorbent or absorbent) compounds that absorb moisture.
54 Dehumidification Refrigerant Dehumidifiers Standard Refrigerants Low-capacity standard refrigerants are used by home owners and professionals in some cases. When ambient temperature is low, e.g. below 68F, the combination low air temperature and evaporator coil temperature causes ice to form on the coils. When coils are blocked with ice, air circulation and condensation are reduced substantially, causing dehumidification to slow or stop completely.
55 Dehumidification Refrigerant Dehumidifiers Low-Grain Refrigerants (LGR) An LGR uses an air-to-air heat exchanger to transfer heat around the evaporator of a refrigeration system. The incoming air is pre-cooled by redirecting the cold air leaving the evaporator back through the inlet air changer. In the final stages of drying, the LGR is able to significantly reduce specific humidity for continued drying efficiency. LGRs can continue dehumidifying air temps up to 110 degrees.
56 Dehumidification Desiccant Dehumidifier Desiccants function when a fan draws moist air from an indoor environment through a series of panels mounted on a rotating carousel containing the desiccant. As that air passes through the desiccant, its moisture is adsorbed, and the resulting dry air is recirculated back into the environment from which it is drawn. Although somewhat more expensive to purchase and operate, the chief advantage of desiccants dehumidification is that the system can continue to absorb moisture at greatly reduced temperatures (below 32F).
57 Dehumidification Operation of a Desiccant Dehumidifier
62 Dehumidification Dehumidifiers And Their Uses Dehumidifier Type Operates down to: Reduced Performance Typical use Comments Standard Residential 68 degrees below gpp homeowner Have a tendency to ice up. Low-grain Refrigerant (LGR) 60 degrees below gpp 90% of professional Normal for most restoration Dessicant 32 degrees and below below gpp or lower restoration Used in large loss situations companies. Absorb moisture. Work well in the cold. Draws moist air out and recirculates the warm air.
63 Classes of Water Losses To simplify the discussion of water damage, the IICRC has offered four classes of water losses. Even these four classes have variations to consider, but generally, they make it easier to communicate within the industry. With the Categories of water (clean, gray, black) in mind, the Classes of water losses defined by the IICRC Applied Structural Drying (ASD) Technical Advisory Committee are: Class 1: Slow Rate of Evaporation Class 2: Fast Rate of Evaporation Class 3: Fastest Rate of Evaporation Class 4: Specialty Drying Situations
64 Classes of Water Losses Class 1: Slow Rate of Evaporation Losses that affect only part of a room or area; or losses with lowpermeance/porosity materials such as plywood, particle board, structural wood, vinyl composite tile (VCT), concrete, etc. There exists little or no wet carpet and/or pad. There is minimal moisture absorbed by low porosity surfaces which will release moisture slowly once absorbed.
65 Classes of Water Losses Class 2: Fast Rate of Evaporation Losses that affect the entire room of carpet and pad. Water has wicked up walls less than 24 inches. There exists moisture in structural materials such as plywood, structural wood, VCT, concrete, particle board, etc. Due to the porosity of the wet materials and volume of water there will be faster release of this moisture through evaporation.
66 Classes of Water Losses Class 3: Fastest Rate of Evaporation Loss that enters the structure from overhead affecting the ceiling, walls, insulation, carpet, pad, and subfloor. The entire area is saturated. Due to the porosity of the wet materials and volume of water there will be the fastest release of this moisture through evaporation.
67 Classes of Water Losses Class 4: Specialty Drying Situations Loss that involves wet materials with very low permeance/porosity, such as hardwoods, subfloor, plaster, brick, concrete, stone, crawlspaces, etc. Typically, there are deep pockets of saturation, that normally require very low specific humidity to force the water out. Normally require long periods of drying time to remove saturation.
68 Determining Dehumidification Requirements Initially, effective drying of structural materials requires that air in a structure must be exchanged based on the dehumidifier s ability to remove a specific number of pints of water per day. In order to determine the amount of dehumidification in pints needed to verify adequate and safe drying you need the following four pieces of information: 1. Classification of Water Damage 2. Cubic footage of the area to be dried. 3. Division Factor (using AHAM chart) 4. Dehumidifier Type
69 Determining Dehumidification Requirements Determining Exact # of Pints Required With those four pieces of information, you can determine the initial amount of dehumidification in pints needed to verify adequate and safe drying. After determining the cubic footage of the Area to be dried, divide the cubic feet by the AHAM division factor for the correct classification of water damage to determine the amount in dehumidification in pints required on the loss. 200 X 100 X 15 FT CEILING = 300,000 CF / AHAM FACTOR 50 FOR CLASS 2 LOSS = 6000 PINTS OF DH NEEDED / 175 PINTS per LGR= 34 DH UNITS
70 Determining Dehumidification Requirements Determining Exact # Of CFM Required With those four pieces of information, you can determine the initial amount of dehumidification in CFM needed to verify adequate and safe drying. After determining the cubic footage of the Area to be dried, divide the cubic feet by the Number of Air Changes Per Hour needed to process the air in a Desiccant Dehumidifier- 200 X 100 X 15 FT CEILING = 300,000 CF / 60 minutes ( 1 Air Change per hour) x 2 ACH for a Class 2 loss= 10,000 cfm of desiccant dehumidification
71 Determining Dehumidification Requirements Initial Dehumidification Factors From IICRC Reference Guide for Professional Water Damage Restoration (IICC S500) Type of Dehumidifier Class 1 Class 2 Class 3 Class 4 Conventional Refrigerant N/A Low Grain Refrigerant (LRG) Initial Desiccant Dehumidifier Calculations (based on air exchanges per hour or ACH) Formula: ft 3 60 min = cfm x # ACH (see chart) = total cfm required. Divide this number by dehumidifier s process Desiccant cfm = # units 1 ACH 2 ACH 3 ACH 2 ACH Example: 3000 sf Class 4 project with 12 ceilings = 36,000 ft cfm x 2 ACH = a requirement of 1200 cfm of desiccant dehumidification 1200 cfm / desiccant dehumidifier output (e.g., desiccant 600 cfm) = 2 units needed for effective drying Note: The recommendations arrived at using this process form a starting point that is based on research and observation in IICRC-approved Applied Structural Drying houses. Psychometric readings recorded on the Daily Humidity Record dictate decisions about on-going dehumidifier capacity throughout the drying process. Adjustments may be necessary.
72 The Effects of Sanitary Water on Materials Vinyl Floor Coverings Moisture becomes trapped under non-porous finish or vinyl materials. Discoloring or rotting of subfloor components results, along with health hazards. Remove vinyl and replace swollen wood with new. Wood Floor Coverings Swells (up to 4% across grain) or warps (cupping, crowning) Supports fungus growth Finishes create a barrier to evaporation All portions of a wood floor must be within 1% MC of other portions Wood subfloor must be within 4 percentage points of finished floor to be considered dry Concrete Absorbs some moisture and prolongs drying if not considered.
73 Structural Drying Common Structural Drying Problems Non-porous paint / wall coverings Integrity of drywall Electrical fixtures/wiring Curled/bubbled wall coverings Moisture retention by moldings Insulation s resistance R factor Blown in insulation Concrete slabs EPA new RRP lead rule
74 CASE STUDY Gymnasium Floor - Restoration vs. Replacement
75 Gym Floor: 88 x 73 ft (6424 sq.ft) Restorative Drying: $43, ($6.70/sq. ft) Removal and Replacement: $160, ($25.00/sq. ft)
76 Partial floors can also benefit greatly from the restorative drying process.
77 Hardwood flooring routinely saved by restorative drying is not limited to court floors Rectory Sanctuary Chapels Schools Study rooms Anywhere that hardwood may be used in or on the church s property.
78 EPA Lead-Safe Certification
79 EPA Lead Renovation Requirements Structure must be built on or before 1978 or a commercial property regardless of age Structure has children under 6 years of age or elderly residents Work consists of disturbing 6 SF of painted surface PER ROOM The property has been deemed to be free of lead by a certified lead inspector Housing is a zero-bedroom dwelling (studio apartment) Consultation with building owner and tenants PPE must be work by all workers Containment must be erected for dust control Engineering controls established Documentation kept Testing of materials for lead content Provide lead safe pamphlet Cleaning verification HUD s regulations superseded EPA more stringent
80 Possible Drying Challenges
81 Possible Drying Challenges
82 Potential Water Damage Health Effects Water-Damaged Structures as Microbiological Reservoirs A water-damaged building is always a reservoir for harmful bacteria and fungi. Recent studies show that airborne concentrations of bacteria and fungi increase significantly with humidity. Water can either transmit these harmful organisms directly to humans or create environmental conditions where these organisms multiply and concentrate and increase the risk of exposure and adverse health effects.
83 Potential Water Damage Health Effects Immuno-Compromised Individuals These individuals are highly susceptible to adverse health effects when exposed to a water-damaged building. Do not allow these individuals in a building until it is fully restored. Water Damage Restoration and Asthma Fungal spores and wet environments often trigger asthma attacks. Not only do humidity levels correlate with asthma, but recent studies suggest biocides, such as those used in the restoration process, also may be a contributing factor to asthma attacks.
84 The Continuing Effect of Water Contamination Degree of Damage 1. Condition of the Water Category 1, 2, 3 2. Materials Exposed Synthetic or natural, porous or non-porous. 3. Time of Exposure - The longer exposure is sustained, the more water is absorbed, causing surfaces to swell, split, delaminate, and dissolve. 4. Humidity - Moisture in the air is absorbed into hygroscopic materials causing greatly increased secondary damage. 5. Temperature - With proper temperature, lighting and air circulation, bacteria and fungi have a chance to grow and eventually destroy host materials.
85 The Continuing Effect of Water Contamination Minutes Water contamination spreads to additional areas, thereby rapidly increasing the cost of the claim. Stain released from furniture stains carpet permanently. Moisture sensitive furniture finishes turn white. Paper goods are ruined due to moisture absorptions, swelling & warping. Electronics start to corrode from high humidity.
87 The Continuing Effect of Water Contamination Hours Furniture in direct contact with water delaminates or swells, legs begin to split. Drywall swells and begins to absorb. Hardwoods begin to swell. Bacterial odor (sour) becomes apparent
88 The Continuing Effect of Water Contamination Days Fungi appear, along with characteristic musty odor. Metal surfaces begin to rust. Door and window casings swell and distort or delaminate. Wood structural members begin to swell, warp and split. Electronic components with condensed internal moisture malfunction. Occupants with respiratory problems or compromised immune systems must be evacuated.
90 The Continuing Effect of Water Contamination Weeks Fungi associated with prolonged dampness sinks roots in organic materials (jute backings, paper coverings on drywall, paneling, wood, etc.) Wood components warp and split, while chemicals within the wood are dissolved and discolor or destroy finishes. Claim costs escalate astronomically as requirement for gutting the structure and replacing components becomes necessary. Serious occupant health hazards abound; liability increases.
93 WATER DAMAGE: Mitigating the Loss Thank You for Your Time! QUESTIONS? This concludes The American Institute of Architects Continuing Education Course The Painless Restorer Delivering Total Claim Accountability Presented for the Conference for Catholic Facility Management Speaker: JOHN SCHAEFER, Master Water Restorer ACR, Inc. Director of Operations Manager/Water Division
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WET/DAMP BASEMENTS PROBLEM. IS THIS BASEMENT LEAKING OR COULD WE HAVE ANOTHER PROBLEM? Water line arching up on wall in corners of basement. Water collecting on concrete floor starting in corners. ANSWER:
Building and Grounds Maintenance Checklist Name: School: Room or Area: Date Completed: Signature: Instructions 1. Read the IAQ Backgrounder and the Background Information for this checklist. 2. Keep the
mold & moisture Keeping your home free from mold and moisture problems INDOOR AIR UNIT Mold in Our Homes Mold is a type of fungus. Mold spores are found in both the indoor and outdoor air, but they will
Page 1 of 5 Title Restore water affected carpet Level 4 Credits 12 Purpose This unit standard is for people training for the carpet cleaning industry. People credited with this standard are able to: determine
Procedures for Emergency Responses to Flooding and Building Water Intrusion PURPOSE: To establish uniform, sanitary, and systematic procedures for responding to flooding and water intrusion emergencies.
West Virginia University Environmental Health and Safety STANDARD OPERATING PROCEDURES FOR MOLD REMEDIATION Origination Date August 2013. Contents Purpose:... 2 Job Scope... 2 Definitions... 2 Roles/Responsibilities:...
Responding to Building Water Damage When water damage occurs in a building an immediate response saves time and money, and protects health. Delays or incomplete responses increase both the scope and severity
Unit FFL 1 Respond to requests for fire damage limitation work FFL 1.1 FFL 1.2 FFL 1.3 FFL 1.4 Get and confirm details and specific information related to fire damage limitation jobs Agree initial plan
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What to do when bad things happen to good homes. There are many different species of mold, but all molds share some common characteristics. Molds and mold spores are naturally present in the outdoor environment
PROPERTY INSPECTION OR ASSESSMENT OF DAMAGES ADDRESS: Somewhere, FL CLIENT: GAIA GC ID No: 2015000 DATE: 12/31/2015 INSPECTION OR ASSESSMENT BY: GAIA CONSTRUCTION INC. CGC 1516136 FLORIDA HI-2792 FLORIDA
- WATER DAMAGE RESTORATION - PROTOCOL FOR BIO-REVEAL SAMPLING OF CATEGORY 1, 2 AND 3 WATER LOSS LIQUID/WATER & SURFACE TESTING Statement of Use The Bio-reveal Aquasnap ATP liquid sampling devices, Ultrasnap
Joseph Laquatra Cornell University Animals get displaced during floods May enter homes If there is standing water in the home: Turn off power from a dry location if possible Don t turn power off or use
Page: 1 of 5 1.0 BACKGROUND Mold is one of nature s primary decomposers of organic materials. Many different types of mold feed on grass, leaves, wood, deceased animals and other organic materials that
Appendix C: Moisture, Mold and Mildew Molds and mildew are fungi that grow on the surfaces of objects, within pores, and in deteriorated materials. They can cause discoloration and odor problems, deteriorate
Office of Environmental Health & Safety Got Mold? Frequently Asked Questions About Mold What are molds? With more than 100,000 species in the world, it is no wonder molds can be found everywhere. Neither
about your house CE 28 c Before You Start Renovating Your Basement Moisture Problems Mold and decay on floor joists and sill plates Stuffy air, high humidity, poor air circulation Water draining in from
Emergency Restoration Specialists Water Damage TIP SHEET For Homeowners Water damage can be deceptive. Water penetrates into structural cavities creating trapped pockets of saturation. The detection of
CEILING SYSTEMS Mold is receiving more attention within the construction industry than ever before. One reason is that it is becoming an increasingly visible subject in the media. Another is an increased
SERVPRO ECTP WATER MANUAL ANSWERS FOR REVIEW QUESTIONS SAFETY REVIEW QUESTIONS 1) 1. The first item to check is the power distribution box. Turn off all circuit breakers at the power distribution panel.
A bout your house CE 28c before you start Renovating Your Basement Moisture Problems Mold and decay on floor joists and sill plates Stuffy air, high humidity, poor air circulation Water draining in from
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