IDENTIFICATION OF CONVENTIONAL MUNITIONS

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "IDENTIFICATION OF CONVENTIONAL MUNITIONS"

Transcription

1 IDENTIFICATION OF CONVENTIONAL MUNITIONS IDENTIFY SMALL ARMS MUNITIONS (SAMs) Small Arms Munitions (SAMs) describes a family of cartridges intended for use in various types of hand-held or mounted weapons up to and including 30mm. These cartridges are fired from small arms weapons such as pistols, revolvers, carbines, rifles (except recoilless), shotguns, and machine-guns. They are used primarily in combat and training environments. SAMs are divided into three (3) groups that identify the diameter of the bullet or projectile. Refer to Figure 1 for an examples of each. They are: Caliber - is defined as the diameter of a bullet measured in hundredths or thousands of an inch and written as a decimal fraction. Millimeter - is defined as the diameter of a bullet or projectile expressed in millimeters using the metric system unit of measure. Gage - is defined as the size of a shotgun barrel s interior diameter nominally expressed as the number of lead balls each fitting the interior diameter of the barrel required to make a pound. NOTE: Figures in this lesson are not drawn to scale..45 Caliber 20mm.410 Gage Figure 1. Sample SAM s 1

2 COMPONENTS OF A TYPICAL CARTRIDGE In general, small arms cartridges are identified as an assembly consisting of a cartridge case, primer, a quantity of propellant within the cartridge case, and a bullet or projectile. Blank and rifle grenade cartridges are sealed with paper closure disks in lieu of bullets. Dummy cartridges are composed of a cartridge case and bullet and may contain granular materials to simulate the weight and balance of a live round. A typical cartridge and its components are shown and described in Figure 2. PRIMER ASSEMBLY CUP PRIMER COMPOSITION PAPER DISK (FOIL) PRIMER VENT IN CARTRIDGE HEAD CLOSURE CUP IGNITER COMPOSITION TRACER COMPOSITION TRACER ASSEMBLY PRIMER POCKET PRIMER VENT IN ANVIL ANVIL CRIMP BEVEL EXTRACTING GROOVE "SQUARE " BASE PROPELLANT CARTRIDGE CASE WALL "BOAT TAILED" BASE SUB-IGNITER COMPOSITION BULLET CRIMP CANNELURE INCENDIARY COMPOSITION (OR POINT FILLER) F A 4 MEPLAT BODY CORE JACKET HEAD CARTRIDGE CASE SHOULDER NECK OF CARTRIDGE CASE MOUTH Figure 2. Typical SAM Cartridge (sectioned) Cartridge Case Although steel, aluminum, zinc, and plastics have been used experimentally, brass, a composition of 70% copper and 30% zinc, is the most commonly used material for today s cartridge cases. Steel, as well as brass, is an approved material for.45 caliber cartridge cases. Brass, paper, and plastic are used for 12 gage shotshell cases and aluminum is used for militarytype.410 gage shotshell cases. Primer Small arms cartridges contain a percussion or electric primer. The percussion primer consists of a brass or gilding metal cup that contains a pellet of sensitive explosive material secured by a 2

3 paper disk and a brass anvil. A blow from the firing pin of the weapon on the center of the percussion primer cup base compresses the primer composition between the cup and the anvil. This causes the composition to explode. The electric primer consists of an electrode button in contact with the primer composition, a primer cup assembly, and insulators. The function of the electric primer is accomplished by a firing pin with electric potential, which contacts the electrode button. This allows current to flow through the energy-sensitive priming composition to the grounded primer cup and cartridge case, exploding the priming composition. Holes or vents in the anvil or closure cup allow the flame to pass through the primer vent in the cartridge case and ignite the propellant. Propellant Cartridges are loaded with varying weights of propellant. This allows control of bullet or projectile velocity to ensure required ballistic performance. Propellants are either single base (nitrocellulose) or double base (nitrocellulose and nitroglycerin) types. The propellant itself may be cylindrical with a single, lengthwise perforation, ball shaped, or flakes. Most propellants are coated with a deterrent which assists in controlling the rate of combustion and a coating of graphite to reduce friction and static electricity during cartridge loading. Bullet With very few exceptions, bullets up to and including.50 caliber consists of a metal jacket and lead or steel slug or core. They may contain other components or chemicals which provide the terminal ballistic characteristics of the bullet type. The bullet jacket may be a gilding metal, gilding-metal clad steel, or copper plated steel..30 caliber and 7.62mm frangible bullets are molded of powdered lead and soft plastic which dissolves into dust when striking the target. Shotgun cartridges contain small pellets or buckshot made of lead ranging from 0.08 inch to 0.33 inch in diameter instead of a single bullet. Projectile Projectiles vary by classification and are identified for munitions 20mm and above. They are made of a steel shell containing a brass rotating band, a bourrelet, and a point-detonating fuze or an aluminum, steel, or plastic nose plug. See Figure 3. FUZE ROTATING BAND BOURRELET Figure 3. Projectile 3

4 TYPES OF SAMs There are many different kinds of SAMs in use in today s army. They range in size from 22 caliber through 30mm and all sizes in between. They also come in various cartridge types such as ball, tracer, armor-piercing, armor-piercing incendiary, and many more. Let s now take a closer look at some of these cartridges, their markings and use. Ball Cartridge The ball cartridge is intended for use in rifles, carbines, pistols, revolvers, and machine-guns against personnel and unarmored targets. The bullet is designed for combat and normally consists of a metal jacket and a lead slug. The.50 caliber and 7.62mm ball bullets contain a soft steel core. These cartridges are not color coded. See Figure 4. Tracer Cartridge Figure 4. Ball Cartridge The tracer cartridge is intended to permit the visible observation of the bullets in-flight path, trajectory, and point of impact by means of a trail of smoke and flame. It s used primarily to observe the line of fire, pinpoint enemy targets, ignite flammable materials, and for signaling. The tracer element itself consists of a compressed flammable, pyrotechnic composition located in the base of the bullet that is ignited by the propellant when the cartridge is fired. In flight, the bullet emits a bright flame visible to the gunner. These cartridges have a red, orange, brown, or maroon color coded bullet tip, depending on the caliber. See Figure 5. Armor-Piercing Cartridge Figure 5. Tracer Cartridge The armor-piercing cartridge is used in machine-guns or rifles against personnel and light armored and unarmored targets, concrete shelters, and similar bullet resisting targets. The bullet consists of a metal jacket and a hardened steel-alloy core. It may also have a base filler and/or a point filler of lead. These cartridges have black color coded bullet tip. See Figure 6. Figure 6. Armor-Piercing Cartridge 4

5 Armor-Piercing Incendiary Cartridge The armor-piercing incendiary cartridge is used in rifles and machine-guns as a single combination cartridge instead of separate armor-piercing and incendiary cartridges. The bullet is similar to the armor-piercing bullet, except that the point filler is an incendiary compound instead of a lead. Once contact is made with the target, the incendiary compound bursts into flame and ignites the flammable material. These cartridges have a silver painted bullet tip. See Figure 7. Armor-Piercing Incendiary Tracer Cartridge Figure 7. Armor-Piercing Incendiary Cartridge The armor-piercing incendiary tracer cartridge combines the features of the armor-piercing, incendiary, and tracer bullets into one and may be used to replace those cartridges. The bullet consists of a hard steel core with a compressed pyrotechnic compound in a cavity in the base of the core. The core is covered by a gilding-metal jacket with incendiary compound between the core point and the jacket. This cartridge is used in.50 caliber weapons only. These cartridges have a silver and red painted bullet tip. See Figure 8. Blank Cartridge Figure 8. Armor-Piercing Incendiary Tracer Cartridge The blank cartridge is easily identified by the absence of a bullet. They are used for simulated fire, for training maneuvers, and for saluting purposes and are fired from rifles and machine-guns equipped with blank firing attachments. These cartridges are not color coded. See Figure 9. Figure 9. Blank Cartridge Dummy Cartridge 5

6 The dummy cartridge is identical to the ball cartridge in construction due to the presence of a bullet. The difference is that these cartridges are identified by holes or flutes in the side of the cartridge case and by the empty primer pocket. The dummy cartridge is used for practice in loading weapons and in simulated weapons firing to detect flinching by personnel. These cartridges are not color coded. See Figure 10. Dummy-Inert Loaded Cartridge Figure 10. Dummy Cartridges Dummy-inert loaded cartridges consist of a cartridge case, a ball bullet, and an inert propellant mixture simulating the weight and balance of a live round. It is used by installations for testing weapon function, linkage, and feed chutes. These cartridges can be identified by a black chemical finish and. the absence of a primer. See Figure 11. Figure 11. Dummy-Inert Loaded Cartridge Match Cartridge Match cartridges are used in national and international shooting matches and by snipers. The bullet consists of a gilding-metal jacket over a lead slug. These cartridges are identified on the head face with the designation NM (National Match) or Match. They are not color coded. See Figure 12. Figure 12. Match Cartridge High-Pressure Test Cartridge 6

7 High-pressure test cartridges are specially loaded to produce pressures in excess of the maximum average or individual pressures of the corresponding service cartridge. They are not for field issue and are used only by armorers and weapons mechanics for proof firing of various small arms (rifles, pistols, machine-guns) at the place of manufacture, test, and repair. These cartridges are identified by their stainless steel case and the letters HPT stamped on the case head. They are not color coded. See Figure 13. Shotgun Cartridges Figure 13. High-Pressure Test Cartridge Shotgun cartridges contain small pellets or buckshot instead of a single bullet. (See Figure 14. ) The designated shot sizes as required are as follows: 12 gage #00 buck for guard duty 12 gage #4 buck for guerrilla purposes 12 gage #6, 7 1/2, and 8 shot for clay target shooting for training purposes.410 gage #7 shot for caliber.22/.410 survival weapons maintained in aircraft 20, 25, and 30mm Cartridges Figure Gage and.410 Gage The 20, 25, and 30mm cartridges are used against personnel and unarmored targets. They have projectiles that are assemblies of a steel shell containing a brass rotating band and a point detonating nose fuze. The nose plug is aluminum, steel, or plastic. These cartridges are classified by method of loading as fixed munitions and are color coded as identified in Figure 15. 7

8 Target Practice (TP) cartridges have a conventional steel shell, a steel nose plug, and no fuze assembly. They are used primarily in training exercises. These cartridges are color coded blue with black markings. Tracer cartridges have the same characteristics and are color coded the same way but have a row of orange T s at the front of the projectile. See Figure mm APDS-T Cartridge, M791 Figure , 25, and 30mm Cartridges The 25mm APDS-T munition is a fixed type, percussion primed munition intended as the armor piercing service round to successfully engage lightly armored vehicles. It is color coded black with white markings. See Figure 16. Figure mm-apds-t Cartridge 8

9 30mm HEDP Cartridge, M789 The 30mm HEDP cartridge consists of a steel projectile body loaded with HMX explosive, and a spin compensated shaped charge liner, a Point Detonating (PD) bore safe fuze, and an aluminum cartridge case. The fuze arms in flight and, upon impact, initiates the projectile explosive filler. Detonation of the filler charge collapses the shaped charge liner, resulting in the formation of an armor-piercing jet. Additionally, main charge detonation produces fragmentation of the projectile body, resulting in antipersonnel effects in the target vicinity. It is color coded yellow with red markings. See Figure 17. Figure mm HEDP Cartridge SELF-CHECK QUESTIONS 1. Name the primary parts of a small arms cartridge. 2. Projectiles are identified in what size of munitions? 3. What is the color code of a tracer cartridge? 4. What type of SAM is used to test weapon function? 5. What are the use and color coding of a 25mm APDS-T cartridge? 9

10 IDENTIFY TYPES OF ARTILLERY MUNITIONS Artillery munitions are designed for guns, howitzers, mortars, and recoilless rifles ranging from 37mm through 280mm. Various rounds and their associated major components will be discussed below. Because of their unique features, mortar munitions will be discussed separately. Identification Artillery munitions are identified by painting and markings on either the packing container, the munition itself, and/or the munition s individual components. These markings include, as necessary, National Stock Number, Department of Defense Ammunition Code (DODAC), caliber and the type of weapon, type and model of the projectile/cartridge, weight, zone markings, ammunition lot number and loader s symbol, functional markings, and characteristics. Munitions that cannot be positively identified will not be issued. Classification of Artillery All artillery munitions are classified according to filler as chemical, inert, or explosive. It is classified for intended use as service, practice, blank, or dummy. Service Munitions. Service munitions are used for combat and live-fire training exercises. Depending on the type of projectile, service munitions can be further classified as antipersonnel (APERS), high-explosive (HE), high-explosive rocket assisted (HERA), high-explosive plastic (HEP), high-explosive antitank (HEAT), high-explosive dual purpose (HEDP) armor-piercing (AP), armor-piercing capped (APC) (with explosive filler), hypervelocity armor-piercing (HVAP), armor-piercing discarding sabot (APDS), incendiary, canister, chemical (gas or smoke), illuminating, or leaflet. Practice Munitions. Practice munitions or target practice (TP) munitions are used for training in weapons firing and/or target practice. In most instances, TP munitions simulate a service round in weight, configuration, and ballistic properties. These rounds are used because they are less expensive and far less hazardous in a training environment. The propelling charge is live; however, the projectile is inert or may have a small quantity of explosive filler (like black powder) to serve as a spotting charge. Blank Munitions. Blank munitions are used for simulated fire, maneuvers, and various ceremonial firings. The most common blank artillery round is currently the 105mm, which contains a short cartridge case, a primer, a small black powder charge, and no projectile. Dummy Munitions. Dummy munitions are often referred to as drill munitions and are used for training gun crews in handling munitions and loading weapons systems. They represent or look like actual service rounds (except for markings) and may also be used in exhibits, displays, and other training operations. These munitions contain no explosives or other internal components. 10

11 Artillery Types and Loading Method Artillery munitions very in type designed for ease in handling and loading. They are classified into one of four types; Fixed used in gun cannons and recoilless rifles; Semifixed in howitzers and mortars; Separated in tank and antiaircraft guns; and Separate-Loading in large caliber guns and howitzers. Refer to Figure 18 as we briefly discuss each type. Figure 18 Artillery Munitions 11

12 Fixed. In fixed munitions, the complete round is issued with the cartridge case (containing a nonadjustable propelling charge and a primer) permanently crimped or attached to the projectile. The complete round is loaded into the weapon as a unit. Semifixed. Used in howitzers, this munition has the cartridge case loosely-fitted over the base of the projectile. The propelling charge, which is bagged inside the cartridge case, can be adjusted to obtain the desired range. The complete round, like that of fixed munitions, is loaded into the weapon as a unit. Separated. Separated munitions are used in large guns and are issued in 2 separate components: (1) a projectile with interchangeable fuze capability and (2) a sealed/plugged, primed, nonadjustable cartridge case containing a propelling charge. To ensure safe handling, the cartridge case and the projectile are lifted into the loading tray in 2 (two) separate operations; however, the complete round is loaded into the weapon and rammed as a unit. Separate-Loading. Separate-loading munitions are used in larger guns and large howitzers. The major components of these munitions include a projectile, propelling charge, and primer assembly, all of which are loaded into the weapon separately. There is no cartridge case, and the propelling charge is adjustable for desired range. The projectile is issued unfuzed with an eyebolt lifting plug threaded into the fuze well (fuzes are assembled to the projectile in the field). The projectile is inserted into the weapon and rammed seating the rotating band. The adjustable propelling charge, loaded in cloth bags, is loaded into the weapon immediately to the rear of the projectile. Once the breechblock has been closed and locked behind the charge and igniter, the primer is inserted into the firing mechanism of the breechblock. Components of a Complete Round A complete round of artillery consists of 5 (five) major components used in firing a weapon once. These 5 components are the (1) projectile, (2) cartridge case and/or (3) propelling charge, (4) primer, and (5) fuze. Refer again to Figure 18 as we discuss these components in greater detail. Projectile. There are 5 (five) primary parts or sections of a projectile: 1) Ogive - The ogive is the forward portion of the projectile from the bourrelet to the point. The length of the ogive has direct impact over the flight of the projectile. 2) Bourrelet- The bourrelet is the raised machine surface that bears on the rifling lands of the weapon tube. It centers the front end of the projectile as it travels through the bore. It is usually located in the forward end of the projectile immediately behind the ogive. Some large caliber projectiles have front and rear bourrelets. 3) Body- The cylindrical portion of the projectile between the bourrelet and the rotating band. It is machined to a smaller diameter than that of the bourrelet to reduce the amount of the projectile in contact with the lands of the bore. Only the bourrelet and the rotating band bear on the lands. 12

13 4) Rotating Band- The rotating band is a cylindrical ring of soft metal that gives a closure for the projectile in the forcing cone of the weapon. In separate-loading projectiles, it centers the rear end of the projectile into the bore of the weapon. In fixed munitions, the rotating band may not seat in the forcing cone until the instant of initial movement when fired. As the rotating band moves through the bore of the weapon, it forces the projectile to rotate, increasing its stability and ballistic characteristics. 5) Base Cover- The base cover is a thin metal disk that is crimped, caulked, or welded to the base of the projectile. These covers ensure that hot gases from the propelling charge don t penetrate the base of the projectile and come in contact with the explosive filler. Caulking or sealing rings, rather than base covers, are ordinarily provided for projectiles with HE fillers and BD fuzes. Cartridge Case The cartridge case, generally made of drawn brass, holds the propelling charge in rounds of fixed, semi-fixed, and separated artillery munitions. The cartridge case and weapon chamber generally conform in profile; however, the cartridge case is slightly smaller to facilitate chambering in the weapon. The base of the metal case which is relatively heavy to allow firm attachment of the primer, has a flange or groove to permit mechanical extraction after firing. Rounds used in automatic guns have cartridge cases with an extracting groove instead of a flange or rim. In fixed rounds, the cartridge case is crimped to the projectile. In semifixed rounds, the case is fitted over the base of the projectile. In a separated round, the case is plugged and separate from the projectile and, because of a non-adjustable propellant charge, is sometimes considered a special type of fixed munition. In recoil-type weapons, brass or steel cartridge cases are used to provide obturation. Obturation is the expansion of the cartridge case against the chamber wall under pressure of burning propellant gases. It prevents escape of gases from the rear of the weapon. The cartridge case in recoilless weapons is either perforated or has a rupture disk to allow propellant gases to escape through nozzles in the breech of the weapon. The interior of the perforated type of case contains a liner that prevents moisture from entering and propellant grains from leaking from the cartridge case. In the rupture-disk type of cartridge case, the propellant is contained in a silk bag positioned around the tail boom or primer tube. Propelling Charge The propelling charges in various artillery munitions consist of a quantity of propellant in a container (cartridge bag for separate-loading and semifixed ammunition), an igniter, and/or a primer. The type and amount of propellant used is carefully designed for the particular use of the munition. 13

14 In fixed and semifixed rounds, the igniter charge (usually black powder) is present in the primer. In some models of separated ammunition, an auxiliary igniter charge is placed around the primer or on the distance wadding to assure proper ignition of the propellant. In most separate-loading rounds, the igniter charge is in an igniter bag sewn to the base end of the propelling charge. In some designs, the igniter forms a core running through the center of the propelling charge bag. Types of Propelling Charges. In all cases, the type of propelling charge depends upon 2 (two) things: (1) the type of munition (fixed, semifixed, separated, or separate-loading) and (2) the size of the complete round. Let s look at the types of munitions and their various charges. Fixed. The propelling charge in rounds of fixed munitions is loose (or in a polyethylene or polyethylene/rayon bag) in the cartridge case. When the charge does not completely fill the case, a spacer or distance wadding, usually a cardboard disk and cylinder, is inserted in the neck of the cartridge case between the charge and the base of the projectile. Semifixed. In semifixed howitzer munitions, the charge, which is divided into parts or increments for zone firing, is in several cloth bags. The full charge, with all increments in proper order, is in the cartridge case, which is free-fitting over the rear end of the projectile. Each part of the charge is numbered, the base charge being numbered 1. For example, to arrange a 105-mm propelling charge in proper order for firing charge 4, the increments would be arranged in the order 1, 2, 3, and 4, increment 4 being placed uppermost. (For firing less than full charge, all increments above the charge to be fired are removed.). Charge increments are flat-bag type and are folded around the primer. The adjustable semifixed propelling charges used in mortar munitions consist of either thin sheets of propellant or bags of granular propellant. In either case, this propellant is fitted around the stabilizing fins or to the cartridge container boom at the base of the projectile. Separated. This propelling charge consists of looseloaded propellant in a primed brass or steel cartridge case closed by a plastic or asphalt composition plug. It is not adjustable. Separate-loading. Propellant in separate-loading munitions is contained in acrylic cotton cloth bags, divided into multisection charges. This type of charge permits guncrews to vary the size of the propelling charge (based on target characteristics) and facilitate handling of larger and heavier propellant bags. Multisection charges are subdivided into base-and-increment and unequal-section types. Primers The primer is the component in a propelling charge explosive train that produces the flame that ignites the propellant. Artillery primers contain a small amount of sensitive explosive and a larger quantity of black powder or other propellant in a cylindrical housing of metal, cardboard, or other similar material. 14

15 In mortar munitions, an ignition cartridge that ignites the propellant is used with the primer and may or may not be assembled to it. Unassembled, the primer and the ignition cartridge are separate components; assembled, the primer becomes a component of the ignition cartridge. In fixed, semifixed, and separated munitions, the primer and/or ignition cartridge is assembled to the munition at the time of manufacture. In separate-loading munitions, the primer is inserted into the breechblock of the weapon by the user immediately prior to firing. There are generally (3) three types of artillery primers in use today. They are classified according to the method of firing as (1) electric,(2) percussion, or (3) percussion-electric. Electric primers are fired by heat generated when an electric current passes through a resistance wire in the ignition mixture or a conductive primer mixture embedded in the primer. The electric primer is distinguished by the black insulation that surrounds it in the head of the cartridge case. The percussion primers are fired by a blow of the firing pin. Percussion primers used in fixed, semifixed, and separated artillery munitions contain sufficient black powder to ignite the propellant in the cartridge case. Those used with separate-loading propelling charges contain only enough black powder to ignite the igniter charge attached to the propelling charge. See Figure 19. Figure 19. Percussion Primer Percussion-electric primers are fired either electrically or by the blow of a firing pin, and are used with separate-loading rounds only. See Figure 20. Figure 20. Percussion-Electric Primer 15

16 Fuzes. An artillery fuze is a mechanical device used with a projectile to cause it to function as required. Fuzes are classified in 2 (two) ways: (1) according to their position on the projectile and (2) their mode of operation. Fuze classifications by position on the projectile are: Point-Initiating Base-Detonating (PIBD) See Figure 21. Base-Detonating (BD) See Figure 22. Point-Detonating (PD) See Figure 23. Figure 21. PIBD Fuze Figure 22. BD Fuze Figure 23. PD Fuze Now let s look at fuze classifications by mode of operation. There are 3 (three) different operating modes associated with artillery fuzes. They are (1) impact, (2) time, and (3) proximity. Impact fuzes.- Impact fuzes are classified by type of action as superquick, delay, or nondelay. The superquick fuze functions immediately upon impact with the target. The nondelay type represents the fastest action possible for the inertia-type fuze. This type of fuze is inherently 16

17 slower than the superquick, since its action depends on deceleration of the projectile during penetration of the target. Time of delay for the delay fuzes ranges from to 0.05 of a second after impact with the target. See Figure 24. Figure 24. Impact Fuze Time Fuzes.- There are (3) three types of time fuzes: (1) mechanical, (2) proximity, and (3) powder train. Mechanical time fuzes incorporate a clock-like mechanism. Through a gear train and escapement, this mechanism trips a firing pin at a predetermined time, causing the fuze to function. See Figure 25. The proximity (VT) fuze is essentially a self-powered radio transmitting and receiving unit. After the projectile leaves the weapon, the fuze becomes armed and begins sending out radio waves. As the projectile approaches the target, the radio waves are reflected back and picked up by a receiving unit in the fuze. Interaction of the outgoing and incoming radio waves results in beats. When the beats reach a predetermined intensity, an electronic switch is tripped, closing an electric circuit allowing current to flow through an electric firing squib, initiating the explosive train. Newer types of proximity fuzes are designed for bracket arming for antiaircraft artillery use and adjustable delay arming for field artillery use. The bracket-arming type has a time ring; the adjustable-delay-arming type has a graduated time scale which must be set for the predicted time to target. When fired, the proximity element of the fuze becomes armed a short time before reaching target and functions on proximity approach. If the fuze does not come within the influence range of a suitable target, the fuze will cause self-destruction of the projectile soon after the preset time. The fuze also contains an impact element. This will cause the projectile to function if impact with a resistant object occurs at any time after arming of the impact element, but before arming and functioning of the fuze by the proximity element. See Figure

18 Powder train fuzes make use of compressed black powder rings that burn for a predetermined length of time and then initiate the high-explosive element in the fuze. See Figure 27. Figure 25. Mechanical Time Fuze Figure 26. Proximity Fuze Figure 27. Powder Train Fuze 18

19 SELF-CHECK QUESTIONS 1. What are the four types of artillery munitions, and which one is issued in two separate pieces? 2. Name the three types of artillery primers. 3. How are artillery fuzes classified? 19

20 IDENTIFICATION OF ARTILLERY MUNITIONS Artillery munitions range in size from 37mm to 280mm. You will now identify various artillery rounds and become familiar with their use, markings, and color codes. NOTE: Some munitions will have both Old and New color codes identified. This is due to munitions under the old color coding system still being in current munitions inventory. We will first identify types of Fixed artillery rounds. These will include rounds used in guns, cannons, recoilless rifles, grenade launchers, and M1 tanks. 40mm Grenade Launched Munitions 40mm Practice, M382 This cartridge is a practice impact type round fired from 40-mm Grenade Launchers M79 or the M203 (attached to the M16 series rifle). These cartridges are color coded olive drab with yellow markings. See Figure 28 below. 40MM PRAC PROJ M mm HEDP, M433 Figure mm Practice, M382 The 40mm HEDP cartridge is a dual purpose impact type round which is designed to penetrate at least two inches of steel armor at 0 angle of obliquity and inflict personnel casualties in the target area. It is fired from 40mm Grenade Launchers M79 and M203 (attached to the M16 series rifle). These cartridges are color coded olive drab with white markings and a yellow ogive. See Figure 29. M-550 LOT [][][] CTG 40MM HEDP M433 AMMO LOT [][][]-[][]-[] Figure mm HEDP, M433 20

21 40mm Multiple Projectile (MP), M576 This cartridge is intended for use in counter-insurgency and conventional operations in jungle environments, particularly during periods of poor visibility when personnel targets appear at short distances without warning and are vulnerably exposed only fleetingly It is designed to be fired from 40mm Grenade Launchers M79 and M203 (attached to the M16 series rifle). These cartridges are color coded black with white markings. See Figure 30 below. 40 MM MP CTG M576 AMM LOT [][]-[]-[][] [][]-[][] 40mm Cluster, White Star, M585 Figure mm MP, M576 This cartridge is designed for illumination and signaling with less weight and bulk and greater accuracy than comparable hand-held signals. It is fired from 40mm Grenade Launchers M79 and M203 (attached to the M16 series rifle). These cartridges are color coded white with black markings. See Figure 31 below. AMM LOT [] [] [] [] CASE 40 MM: PRI XM195 [] [] [] [] [] CARTRIDGE 40 MM WHITE STAR CLUSTER M585 Figure mm Cluster, White Star, M585 21

22 40mm HE M383 The 40mm HE, M383 cartridge is a high explosive round designed to inflict personnel casualties in the target area using a ground burst effect. It is fired from the M75 or M129 40mm grenade launchers mounted on Army attack helicopters, HMMVs, and APCs with an effective range up to 2200 meters. The cartridge is issued completely assembled in linked belts of 50 rounds. These cartridges are color coded olive drab with yellow markings and a yellow ogive. See Figure 32 below. 40 MM HE CTG M383 CTG 40MM HE M383 AMMO LOT [][]-[]-[][] Figure mm HE, M mm HEAT-T, M456 This is a high-explosive antitank cartridge and is intended for use in l05mm guns against armored targets. These cartridges are color coded black with white markings and a yellow band. See Figure 33 below. 105 G COMP B HEAT-T CTG M456 AMM LOT [] []-[]-[] [][] Figure mm HEAT-T, M mm HEP-T, M393A1/A2 The 105mm HEP-T cartridge is designed for use against armored targets, light materiel, and personnel. These cartridges are color coded olive drab with yellow markings and a black band. The M393A1 differs from the M393A2 in that the M393A1 employs the BD fuze M534 while the M393A2 employs the BD fuze M578. The filler weight on the M393A1 is 0.3 pound less than that of the M393A2. See Figure 34 below. 22

23 105G HEP-T COMP A3 CTGM393A1 AMM LOT [] [] []-[] 105G HEP-T COMP A3 CTGM393A2 AMM LOT [] [] []-[] 105mm Smoke, WP-T, M416 Figure mm HEP-T, M393A1/A2 This cartridge is intended for screening and spotting fire from l05mm gun cannons. It has an HE burster (Comp B) used to rupture the projectile and disperse the WP filler and uses an M86 electric primer. There is some limited incendiary effect. These cartridges are color coded light green with light red markings and a yellow band. See Figure 35 below. AMMLOT CTGWP -TM416 FOR GUN M68 T T T 105G WP-T CTGM416 AMM LOT [] [] []-[] Figure mm Smoke, WP-T, M mm, APERS-T, M494 This fixed cartridge is fired from the l05mm gun cannon M68. The cartridge is designed for close-in defense against massed infantry assaults and for offensive fire against exposed enemy personnel. It can also be used against light armored vehicles and low-flying aircraft. These cartridges are color coded olive drab, with white markings, a yellow band, and white diamonds at the base of the projectile. See Figure 36 below. 105G APERS-T CTGXM494E3 AMMO LOT Figure mm APERS-T, M494 23

24 105mm, TP T, M467 This TP cartridge is used in l05mm gun cannons for training in marksmanship. It is color coded blue, with white markings. See Figure 37 below. 105 G CRTG TP-T M467 OJECTILE M T T T AMM LOT [] []-[]-[] [] Figure mm TP-T, M mm Dummy, M457 The dummy cartridge is used as a drill round to train tank crews in handling ammunition and loading the l05mm gun cannon. It simulates the HEP round in size, weight, and center of gravity. The projectile is steel and is secured to the cartridge case by crimping. A steel weight is assembled to the rear of the projectile and is held in place with a spring pin. It is color coded blue, with white markings and unpainted on bronze body, for later manufacturer. See Figure 38 below. 105 MM DUMMY CARTRIDGE M mm APDS-T, M728 Figure mm Dummy, M457 The APDS-T is a high velocity, flat trajectory, discarding sabot round used in 105mm gun cannons against armored targets. The spin stabilized projectile sheathed core penetrates the target solely by its kinetic energy. It is color coded black, with white markings. See Figure 39 below. 105G CRTG APDS-T M728 [] [] [] [] [] [] [] [] [] T T T Figure mm APDS-T, M728 24

25 105mm, APFSDS-T, M735/M774** These cartridges are high velocity, flat trajectory; fin stabilized, discarding sabot rounds used in 105-mm gun cannons against armored targets. Target penetration is by high kinetic energy of the projectile It is color coded black, with white markings.. See Figure 40 below. **There are currently 2 (two) models of this round, the M735 and M774, which are very similar in design and characteristics. The primary difference is in the sub-projectile; the M735 uses tungsten for its core, and the M774 uses depleted uranium for its core. The M774 can only be fired during wartime emergency. All peacetime firings are prohibited. APFSDS-T CTG M735 T T T AMM LOT [] [] [] [] [] STABALLOY T T T AMM LOT Figure mm APFDS-T, M735 (above), and M774 (below) 120mm Munitions for the M1 Tank DID YOU KNOW? The 120mm smooth bore cannon was developed by West Germany as the primary armament for the Leopard II tank. These 120mm munitions, produced by West Germany and the U.S., are interchangeable between the Leopard II and the M1 tanks, thus ensuring maximum commonality within the NATO community. The 120mm cartridges consists of 2 (two) separate families; (1) a kinetic energy (KE) family, and a High Explosive Anti-Tank (HEAT) family. The KE family uses a high length-over-diameter ratio penetrator with a depleted uranium (L/D DU) fin stabilized rod. The HEAT family uses the shaped charge principle and a fragmenting body. Each of the two families has its own target practice cartridge. 120mm, APFSDS-T, M829 The M829 cartridge is a kinetic energy; armor-piercing antitank round intended for use with the 120mm smooth bore M256 tank cannon. Target penetration is accomplished strictly by the kinetic energy of the subprojectile s high density core upon impact. It is a full service round and 25

26 can only be fired during war emergency. It is color coded black with white markings. See Figure 41. T T T 120MM APFSDS-T CTG M829 MADE IN USA (FOR AMERICAN ROUNDS) CASE, BASE, AND SEAL ASSEMBLY LOT NO. HEAT TREATMENT NO. CARTRIDGE NOMENCLATURE CARTRIDGE LOT NO. Figure mm APFSDS-T, M mm HEAT-MP-T, M830 The M830 cartridge is a high explosive multi-purpose round having both anti-armor and antipersonnel capabilities. The cartridge is fired from the 120-mm smooth bore M256 tank cannon. Upon impact, the fuze detonates the high explosive shaped charge, collapsing the cone assembly. This creates a high velocity, focused shock wave, and a jet of metal particles that penetrate the target. Anti-personnel capabilities result from the fragmentation of the projectiles body sidewall. The M830 may not be fired over the heads of friendly troops unless they have adequate protection because of possible premature detonation downrange. It is color coded black with yellow markings. See Figure 42 below. T T T CARTRIDGE 120MM MP-T M830 LOT NO. [][][]-[][]-[] Figure mm HEAT-MP-T, M mm Munitions for the M81 Gun Launcher The 152mm family of cartridges consists of the HE-T, HEAT-MP-T, TP-T, WP-T canister, and dummy rounds. With the exception of the drill cartridge, all rounds use high-density felted nitrocellulose cartridge cases and an electric ignition system. 26

27 152mm HEAT-MP-T, M409 This cartridge is fired from 152-mm gun launchers primarily as an armor-defeating round with additional antipersonnel capability. The projectile consists of a forged steel body fitted with a steel windshield and a fluted copper cone liner to shape the high explosive charge. It is loaded with Composition B, and. has a iron rotating band, forward of the base, providing spin and obturation. The M409 has a PIBD fuze assembly. The old color code is black, with yellow markings. The new color code is black, with white markings and a yellow band. You must be able to correctly identify these rounds by the old and new color coding system. See Figure 43 below. Old Color Code. [] []-[]-[] [] [] [] [] [] T T T 152G HFEAT-T-MP CRTG M409A1 [] []-[]-[] [] [] [] [] [] T T T 152G HFEAT-T-MP CRTG M409A1 New Color Code. Figure mm HEAT-MP-T, M mm Canister, M625 These canister cartridges are used in 152-mm gun-launchers and are intended primarily for antipersonnel use at close range. The cartridges are also effective in dense foliage. The M625 consists of an aluminum base and body threaded together. Four axial grooves, 90 degrees apart, extend from the forward end of the body for approximately 3/4 of its length. The body contains steel flechettes loaded in five separate bays. It is color coded olive drab, with white markings and white diamonds. See Figure G CTG-CSTR M625A1 27 Figure mm Canister, M625

28 165mm, HEP, M123/M123A1 The 165mm HEP cartridge, fired from the M135 gun cannon, is a chemical energy round used for demolition. It is capable of damaging or destroying log walls, concrete bunkers, and equipment encountered on the battlefield. It can also be used as an antipersonnel round. The projectile is loaded with a filler of approximately 35 pounds of Comp. A3. Reliability of this round is degraded when impacting soft targets such as marshy, sandy, clay, mud, or snow covered terrain. It is color coded olive drab, with yellow markings and a black band. The M123 differs from the M123A1 in the following design aspects: The handle assembly requires 4 or 5 turns to release, in lieu of one-quarter turn; the base plug is aluminum instead of steel; and the cartridge case is a three-piece welded design with a plastic liner. The projectile is loaded with a filler of Composition A3. See Figure 45 below. CARTRIDGE 165MM HEP, M123 [] [] [] [] [] [] [] Figure mm HEP, M123/M123A1 165mm TP, M623 This cartridge is similar in appearance to the HEP, M123A1, above but is used for target practice with the M135 gun cannon. The primary difference between the two rounds is that the TP projectile contains an inert filler in lieu of explosive, and is fitted with either a solid base plug or a dummy fuze assembled to the standard M123A1 base plug. Unlike other fixed munitions, the cartridge case remains with the projectile when fired and is spin stabilized in flight to the target. It is color coded blue, with white markings. See Figure 46 below. CARTRIDGE 165MM TP, M623 [] [] [] [] [] Figure mm TP, M623 28

29 106mm HEP-T, M346A1 The HEP-T cartridge is intended for use against armored targets and is also effective against personnel and light materiel. It is color coded olive drab, with yellow markings and a black band. See Figure 47 below. T T T 106R HEP-T COMP A-3 CTG M346A1 106mm, HEAT, M344/M344A1 Figure mm HEP-T, M346A1 This HEAT cartridge is used in l06mm recoilless rifles against armored targets. The old color code is olive drab, with yellow markings. The new color code is black, with yellow markings. You must be able to correctly identify these rounds by the old and new color coding systems. See Figure 48 below. Old Color Code Figure mm, HEAT, M3441 New Color Code SELF-CHECK QUESTIONS 1. What is the color code of the 105mm, HEAT-T, M546 artillery cartridge? 2. What is the new color code of the 152mm, HEAT-MP-T artillery cartridge? 3. Which artillery round s reliability is degraded when impacting soft targets? 29

30 SEMI-FIXED MUNTIONS Let s now look at the types of semi-fixed artillery rounds. The only semi-fixed cartridges currently in the army inventory are the 105mm howitzer cartridges. Examples of currently used munitions are the HE, HERA, HEAT, TP-T, smoke base ejection and bursting, leaflet, illuminating, toxic chemical, and blank rounds. 105mm HE, M1 The projectile of this 105mm, HE cartridge contains high explosives and is used for fragmentation, blast, and mining in support of ground troops and armored columns. Basic fuze types include MTSC, PD, PDSQ, and MT. This projectile is shown non-fuzed with closing and plug. The cartridge case contains 7 numbered charges. It is color coded olive drab, with yellow markings. See Figure mm HERA, M548 This cartridge is a high explosive, rocket-assisted round with extended range capability used for fragmentation, blast, and mining in support of ground troops and armored columns. It is color coded olive drab, with yellow markings. See Figure 50. LOT NO. [] [] [] 105H COMP B RAP XM548 W/SUPPL CHG Figure mm HERA, M548 Figure mm HE, M1 105mm, HE, M444 This 105mm HE cartridge is used to deliver a concentration of 18 M39 anti-personnel grenades. It is color coded olive drab, with yellow markings and yellow diamonds. See Figure H HE CTG M444 Figure mm HE, M mm, APERS-T, M546 This cartridge is designed for use against personnel in direct fire, in muzzle actions, and in a direct fire mission with a time setting other than muzzle action. It is color coded olive drab, with white markings, a yellow band, and a row of white diamonds. See Figure

31 PELLING XM546 PELLING XM mm Illuminating, M314A3 The illuminating cartridge is used for signaling or for illuminating a designated area. The projectile is assembled with an MT fuze, not shown. If the projectile is unfused, the closing plug is removed, and a fuse is assembled to the projectile prior to adjusting the charge and loading the cartridge into the weapon. Figure 53 shows a non-fuzed, plugged projectile. It is color coded white, with black markings. See Figure 53 below. 105mm Smoke HC, BE, M84 Figure mm, APERS-T, M546 The projectile of this cartridge contains 3 smoke canisters which, when ignited and ejected, are used as a signal, a screen, or a target spotting aid. Signal colors are white (HC), red, green, and yellow. Figure 54 shows a non-fuzed, non-plugged projectile. An MTSQ or MT fuze is assembled to the nose of the projectile. It is color coded light green, with black markings and a yellow band. See Figure 54 below. Figure mm Illuminating, M314A3 Figure mm Smoke HC, BE, M84 105mm Smoke WP, M60 The projectile of this M60, smoke cartridge contains White Phosphorous (WP), which is dispersed over the target area for screening purposes. The WP also has a limited incendiary 31

32 effect. The old color code is gray, with yellow markings. The new color code is light green, with yellow bands, and light red markings. You must be able to correctly identify these rounds by the old and new color coding systems. See Figure 55. Old Color Code WP SMOKE 105 H HELLM60AI WP SMOKE 105 H HELLM60AI Figure mm Smoke WP M60 New Color Code 105mm, Agent H or HD, M60 This is a toxic agent-filled munition with a projectile similar to the one in the 105mm smoke WP. The projectile is filled with H (Mustard) or HD (Distilled Mustard) in liquid form, for use against enemy personnel. The old color code is gray, with two (2) dark green bands. The new color code is gray, with one (1) dark green band and, if it is a burster, one yellow band. You must be able to correctly identify these rounds by the old and new color coding systems. See Figure 56. Old Color Code H GAS 105 H SHELL M60 H GAS 105 H SHELL M60 Figure mm Agent H, M60 New Color Code 105mm, Agent GB, M360 The M360 projectile is similar to the 105mm, Agent H projectile and is also used as a casualtyproducing round against personnel. The old color code is gray, with one (1) green band, green markings, and one (1) yellow band if it is used with an explosive burster. The new color code is gray, with three (3) green bands and one (1) yellow band if it is used with an explosive burster. 32

33 You must be able to correctly identify these rounds by the old and new color coding systems. See Figure 57 below. Old Color Code WP SMOKE 105 H HELLM60AI WP SMOKE 105 H HELLM60AI New Color Code Figure mm Agent GB, M mm Blank, M395 The 105mm Blank is used for salutes and simulated fire. It consists of a shortened cartridge case containing a black powder charge and primer. The cartridge case is brass, steel, or aluminum. It is not color coded. See Figure 58 below. CTG BLANK WEIGHT 6.24LBS. 105-MMHOWITZERS PA-3-10 Figure mm Blank, M395 33

34 SELF-CHECK QUESTIONS 1. Name the primary parts of a small arms cartridge. 2. Projectiles are identified in what size of munitions? 3. What is the color code of a tracer cartridge? 4. What type of SAM is used to test weapon function? 5. What is the use and color coding of a 25mm APDS-T cartridge? 34

35 SEPARATED MUNITIONS Used in large guns, this type of munition is issued in two (2) separate components: a sealed cartridge case (propelling charge non-adjustable) and a projectile. Although there are no separated artillery munitions in current US Army stocks, they are used by our allies, and our munitions personnel must be able to identify them. See Figure 59 below. 120 G COMP B [] [] [] [] Figure 59. Separated Munitions SEPARATE LOADING MUNITIONS 155mm and 8-inch Used in larger guns and large howitzers, the components of a complete round are a fuze, a primer, an adjustable propelling charge, and a projectile. These components are required to fire the round once and are issued separately. Before the round is fired, the eyebolt lifting plug must be removed from the projectile, and a fuze must be installed in its place. The fuzed projectile, propelling charge, and primer are then loaded into the weapon separately. The propelling charge is divided into increments to adjust for the desired range and will be discussed later. Items in this artillery classification are currently limited to howitzer munitions, 155mm and 8-inch. See Figure 60 below. D 680 FUZE PRIMER PROPELLING CHARGE PROJECTILE Figure 60. Components 35

36 155mm Separate Loading 155mm HE, M107 The 155mm, HE projectile is fired from 155mm howitzers and is used for blast effect, fragmentation, and mining. It has a supplementary charge contained in an aluminum liner in the deep fuze cavity. Projectiles with deep cavity fuze wells can accommodate PD, MT, or proximity fuzes only. When the proximity fuze is installed, the supplementary charge must be removed. It is color coded olive drab, with yellow markings. See Figure mm, HERA, M549 and M549A1 This projectile is used for fragmentation and blast effect against personnel and materiel. It consists of two (2) major components: a warhead filled with 16 pounds. of Comp. B (M549) or 15 pounds. of TNT high explosives (M549A1), and a solid propellant rocket motor. It extends the range and improves effectiveness of 155mm M109 and M1O9A1/A2/A3 self-propelled and M112 and M198 towed howitzers. It is color coded olive drab, with yellow markings. See Figure 62 below. Figure mm, HE, M107 D579 W/SUPPL CHG M549 RA COMP B 155H Figure mm HERA, M549 55mm HE, M692 The M692 projectile, ADAM (Area Denial Artillery Munition) is used to deliver sub-missiled antipersonnel mines fired from a 155mm howitzer. The projectile is provided with a fusible lifting plug, which is yellow in color, and 36 antipersonnel mines. An MTSQ fuze (M577) is used to ignite the low explosive charge located in the ogive to disperse the mines. It is color coded olive drab, with yellow markings and triangles. See Figure

37 L 155H PROJ M692 [ ][ ]-[ ]-[ ][ ] [ ][ ]-[ ][ ] D 501 Figure mm HE, M mm, RAAMS, M718/M741** The RAAMS (Remote Anti-Armor Mines System) projectiles are used to deliver anti-tank mines in front of enemy armored forces to deny/delay access to a particular area for a specific time period. The L stands for Long ; meaning, it takes a long time before mine selfdestructs (over 24 hours). The projectiles are shipped and stored with fusible lifting plugs. An MTSQ fuze is used to disperse 9 AT mines. It is color coded olive drab, with yellow markings and a band of yellow triangles with L or S markings. **The RAAMS M741 is similar to the M718 except for the mine self destruct time. The M718 has the letter L in the yellow triangles painted on the ogive. The M741 has the letter S in the yellow triangles. These markings indicate Long or Short explosive delays. Actual fuze delay times are classified and will not be discussed. Color coding for the M741 is the same as that of the M718 projectile. See Figure 64. SEPARATE LOADING MUNITIONS PROPELLING CHARGES (155mm) M718 M mm RAAMS Figure 64 Charge, Propelling, 155mm, M3 M3 series propelling charges are green bag type designed for use in 155mm howitzers for firing in Zones 1 through 5. The full charge consists of 4 unequal increments and a base charge. The M3 charge can be identified by a green bag/container with black markings. See Figure 65. CHG M3 IGNITER 3 OZ. GR.A-1 BLK.PDR 155MM.H CHARGE M3 PDR LOT 155MMH. Figure mm M3, Propelling Charge 37

38 Note: Charge M3 is assembled without flash reducer pads. Charge M3A1 includes 3 flash reducer pads. Charge, Propelling, 155mm, M4A2 The M4A2 white bag propelling charge is used in 155mm howitzers for firing in Zones 3, 4, 5, 6, and 7. Like the M3 green bag, the full charge consists of 4 unequal increments and a base charge. The M4A2 charge can be identified by a white bag/container with black markings. See Figure 66. CHG.M4A1 CHG M4A1 IGNITER 3 OZ. GR.A-1 BLK.PDR 155MM.H CHARGE M4A1 PDR LOT 155MMH. Charge, Propelling, 155mm, M119 Figure mm M4A2 Propelling Charge This propelling charge is designated Zone 8 and extends the range of 155mm Howitzers M1O9A1, M109A2/A3, and M198. It is a single increment charge and, because of its length, can only be used in the long tube howitzer. The M119 charge can be identified by a white bag/container with black markings. See Figure 67. CHARGE PROPELLING M119 FOR 155 MM HOW SP M109A1 [ ] [ ] - [ ] [ ] [ ] CHG 8-Inch Separate Loading 8-inch HE, M106 Figure mm M119 Propelling Charge The M106 projectile is used against personnel and materiel, producing blast and fragmentation at the target. It is color coded olive drab, with yellow markings. See Figure 68. Figure inch HE, M106 38

39 8-inch HERA, M650 This 8-inch M650 projectile is a high-explosive, rocket-assisted round with extended range capability. It is intended to be employed against personnel and materiel targets at ranges in excess of those currently attainable with the standard M106 projectile. It is color coded olive drab, with yellow markings. See Figure 69. 8H RA PROJ M650 TNT LOT NO [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] D624 RKT PROPELLANT LOT NO [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] Figure inch HERA, M650 8-inch, HE, M404 The 8-inch, M404 projectile is used to deliver a concentration of antipersonnel grenades. The projectile contains 13 layers of grenades with 8 grenades in each layer. It is color coded olive drab, with yellow diamonds and yellow markings. See Figure 70. D604 8H RDX PROJ M404 LOT [][][]-[][][]-[][] 8IN M404 Figure inch HE, M404 SELF-CHECK QUESTIONS 1. What semi-fixed artillery round delivers a concentration of 18 anti-personnel grenades? 2. What types of separated artillery munitions are currently in Army stock? 3. In the separate loading 155mm, RAAMS, M718/M741 artillery rounds, what do the letters L and S stand for? 4. What separate loading artillery round has extended range capability? 39

40 IDENTIFICATION OF MORTAR MUNITIONS The mortar is a light to medium weight weapon designed to be disassembled for hand carrying. Fired from the ground or vehicle, it is a high-angle fire weapon, is muzzle-loaded, and may have a smooth or rifled bore. Mortar munitions are categorized as semi-fixed artillery munitions because the amount of propellant can be adjusted to obtain a desired range. Mortar munitions are unique, however, in that the propellant is attached externally. Presently, US forces use four (4) sizes of mortars. They are the 60mm, 81mm, 120mm, and 4.2-inch. The 60mm, 81mm, and 120mm are smooth-bore weapons that are fin stabilized. The 4.2-inch mortar has a rifled bore and is spin stabilized. Mortar munitions have several other unique identifying features. They have nose-mounted fuzes that may be Point-Detonating (PD), time, or proximity types. They are also equipped with ignition cartridges with percussion primers in the base and external propellant increment charges mounted near the ignition cartridge. See Figure MM LOT M COMP B CIG M19AV 81MM COMP B CTG M362A1 AMM LOT M 4.2 INCH M3-A1 TNT 4.2 IN AMN LOT PA-7 Figure 71. Mortar munitions 60mm Mortars The smallest mortar round now found in US forces is the 60mm. Types of 60mm cartridges include High-Explosive (HE), Smoke-White Phosphorous (SMK-WP), Illuminating (ILLUM), Target Practice (TP), and training. 60mm, HE, M49A4 and M49A2E2 This cartridge is fired in 60mm mortars M2 and M19 and is used against personnel and light material, providing both fragmentation and blast effects. It is color coded olive drab with yellow markings. See Figure 72. bellow 40

41 60M COMP B CTG M49A2E2 LOT 705 Figure mm HE, M49A2E2 60mm, HE M49A5 (M49A4E1) This cartridge is also fired in 60mm mortars M2 and M19 and is used against personnel and light material, providing both fragmentation and blast effects. It is assembled with a PD fuze and booster charge. It is color coded olive drab with yellow markings. See Figure mm, HE, M720 Figure mm HE, M49A The M720 cartridge is fired in the 60mm M19 and M224 mortar in the Lightweight Company System. It is used against troops (either in the open or in foxholes), light vehicles, light bunkers, and similar targets. This round is assembled with a multi-option fuze. It is color coded olive drab with yellow markings. See Figure mm, Illumination, M83A3, M83A2, and M83A1 This cartridge provides illumination for observation during night missions. It is color coded white with black markings. See Figure 75. Figure mm Illumination, M83 41 Figure mm HE, M720

42 60mm Smoke, WP, M302A1 This smoke cartridge is fired in 60mm mortars M2 or M19 and is used for screening and spotting. It is assembled with a PD fuze. On impact, the burster charge detonates, which ruptures the projectile and disperses the WP filler. This WP filler ignites on contact with air, producing a cloud of dense white smoke. It is color coded light green with a yellow band and light red markings. See Figure M WP SMOKE CTG M302A1 LOT [ ] [ ]-[ ]- [ Figure mm, Smoke, WP, M302A1 81mm Mortars The 81mm is the most widely used mortar round in the US Army. Types of 81mm cartridges include High-Explosive (HE), Smoke-White Phosphorous (SMK-WP), Illuminating (ILLUM), Target Practice (TP), training, and countermeasure (leaflet and chaff). 81mm, HE M374A3 (M37A2E) This cartridge is used against personnel and materiel, providing both blast and fragmentation effects. The projectile body is fitted with a PD fuze. It has four (4) horseshoe-shaped propelling charge M205 increments around the fin assembly. It is color coded olive drab with yellow markings. See Figure 77. FUZE PD M524A6 WARNING: WHEN FIRING IN MORTAR M1, USE NOT MORE TWO CHAMBERS Figure mm HE, M374A3 81mm Smoke, WP, M375A2 This cartridge is used to produce a screening smoke it is also used as an incendiary Figure 78. device against personnel and materiel. It is color coded light green with a yellow band and light red markings. See Figure

43 81mm Training, M445 9 (T32E1) This training cartridge is used for training in the loading and firing of the 8lmm mortar. Unlike other mortar munitions, the components are issued separately. This facilitates replacement of damaged, worn, or expended parts. The complete round consists of a body, training fuze, fin assembly, ignition cartridge, and smoke cartridge. The old color code is black or blue with white markings. The new color code is bronze with white markings. You must be able to correctly identify these rounds by the old and new color coding system.. See Figure 79. FUZE TRAINING M5 81 M TRAINING SHELL T32EI [ ] [ ]-[ ]-[ ] [ ] H A [ ] [ ]-[ ]-[ ] [ ] [ ] [ ]-[ ] [ ] ] [ ]-[ ] [ ] [ ] [ ]-[ ]-[ ] [ ] Old color code FUZE TRAINING M5 81 M TRAINING SHELL T32EI [ ] [ ]-[ ]-[ ] [ ] H A [ ] [ ]-[ ]-[ ] [ ] [ ] [ ]-[ ] [ ] ] [ ]-[ ] [ ] [ ] [ ]-[ ]-[ ] [ ] Figure mm, Training, M445 New color code 81mm, Sabot (Inert),Training Device, M1 The 8lmm sabot (inert) is a training device for all 81mm mortars. The sabot is designed to fire a 22mm subcaliber practice cartridge M744, M745, M746, or M747 (Charge 1, 2, 3, or 4 respectively) as a training device in all model 8lmm mortars. The sabot with 22mm subcaliber practice cartridges provides realistic mortar firing training at distances that correspond to range firing distances in the ratio of 1 to 10. The aluminum body sabot has the bore-reading dimensions and configuration of an 81mm mortar cartridge. It contains an insert 22mm barrel (not rifled) placed longitudinally to receive the 22mm subcaliber cartridge, which is loaded in the magazine just prior to firing. The sabot may be used as a dummy round when not loaded with a 22mm practice cartridge. The sabot is rugged and can be reloaded and fired again up to 1,000 times for training purposes. The practice cartridge consists of the projectile fins and cartridge case. This round is not color coded. See Figure 80. Figure mm Sabot (Inert), Training Device, M1 43

44 81mm Illumination, M301A3 This cartridge is used for illuminating a desired point or area. It is color coded white with black markings. See Figure mm Mortars 120mm HE, M933 with Fuze PD M745 Figure mm Illumination, M301A3 This cartridge is a high explosive round developed for use in the M120 and M121 l20mm mortar system. It is intended for use against personnel and materiel targets, providing for fragmentation and blast effects. It is color coded olive drab with yellow markings. See Figure 82. Figure mm HE, with Fuze PD M mm, HE, M57 with Fuze PD M935 This cartridge is a TNT round developed for use in the M mm mortar system only. It is intended for use against personnel and light material targets. It is color coded olive drab with white markings. See Figure MM TNT CRTG M57 LOT SOL-XXX XXX Figure mm HE, M57 with Fuze PD M935 44

45 120mm Smoke, WP, M68 with Fuze PD M935 This cartridge is used against personnel and materiel as an incendiary device and to produce a screening effect. It is used in the M mm mortar system only. It is color coded light green with a yellow band and black markings. See Figure MM SMOKE WP CRTG M68 LOT SOL-XXX XXX Figure mm Smoke, WP, M68 with Fuze PD M mm, Smoke, WP, M929 with Fuze PD M745 The M929, is a smoke, White Phosphorous (WP) round used in the M mm mortar system. It is used as an incendiary device and to produce a screening effect. It is color coded light green with a yellow band and light red markings. See Figure MM SMOKE WP CRTG M929 LOT SOL-XXX XXX Figure mm Smoke, WP, M929 with Fuze PD M mm Illuminating, M930 with Fuze MTS M776 This cartridge is used as an illumination round developed for use in the M120 and M mm mortar system. It is used to light up a desired point or area on the battlefield. It is color coded white with black markings. See Figure MM ILLUMINATING CRTG M930 LOT SOL-XXX XXX 4.2-Inch Mortars (107mm) Figure mm Illuminating, M930 with Fuze MTS M776 The 4.2-inch round used to be the largest (120mm is now the largest) mortar cartridge used by US forces. It is unique in that it is spin stabilized in flight. The 60mm and 81mm mortar cartridges are fin stabilized in flight. There are five (5) types of 4.2-inch mortars: High- 45

46 Explosive (HE), Smoke-White Phosphorous (SMK-WP), toxic gas (gas), tactical CS (CSTAC), (tear gas), and Illuminating (ILLUM). There are no practice or training 4.2-inch mortars. Practice and training for the 4.2-inch gun crews are accomplished by inserting a smaller tube inside the bore of the mortar tube and using 60mm practice and training cartridges. 4.2-inch HE, M329A2 This cartridge is used against personnel and materiel, providing both fragmentation and blast effect. It is color coded olive drab with yellow markings. See Figure 87 below. 4.2-inch Illumination, M335A2 This cartridge is used for target and battlefield illumination at night and during other periods of low or poor visibility. It is color coded white with black markings. See Figure 88 below. 4.2-inch, Smoke WP, M328A1 These cartridges are used to produce a screening smoke. The WP ignites upon contact with air, producing a dense white smoke with some incendiary effect. The old color code is gray with a yellow band and yellow markings. The new color code is light green with a yellow band and light red markings. You must be able to correctly identify these rounds by the old and new color coding system. See Figure 89 below. DELAY DELAY S Q FUZE PDM52105 SEC S FUZE PDM52105 SEC Q ILLUMINATING 4.2 IN. M CATRIDGE M335A2 [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] [ ] M328A1 WP SMOKE 4.2 IN-M AMM LOTPA-7-51 M328A1 WP SMOKE 4.2 IN-M AMM LOTPA-7-51 Figure 87. Figure 88. Figure 89. Figure inch HE, 4.2-inch Illumination, 4.2-inch Smoke, WP, M328A1 (New) M329A2 M335A2 M328A1 (Old) 46

The Safety Evolution of the.45 ACP Be sure to read PART II. Part I CARTRIDGE, CALIBER.45, BALL, M1911

The Safety Evolution of the.45 ACP Be sure to read PART II. Part I CARTRIDGE, CALIBER.45, BALL, M1911 The Safety Evolution of the.45 ACP Be sure to read PART II Part I CARTRIDGE, CALIBER.45, BALL, M1911 This cartridge is a current standard item of issue and is used in the automatic pistol, M1911 and M19llA1,

More information

INTERPRETING AMMUNITION MARKINGS AND COLOR CODES. SUBCOURSE MM2597 Edition 6

INTERPRETING AMMUNITION MARKINGS AND COLOR CODES. SUBCOURSE MM2597 Edition 6 INTERPRETING AMMUNITION MARKINGS AND COLOR CODES SUBCOURSE MM2597 Edition 6 United States Army Combined Arms Support Command Fort Lee, Virginia 23801-1809 2 Credit Hours CONTENTS INTRODUCTION AMMUNITION

More information

History of Explosia a.s.

History of Explosia a.s. Propellants History of Explosia a.s. SINCE 1920 Production of smokeless powders, black powders and explosives in Explosia a.s. has a long tradition. The company was established in 1920 under the name Czechoslovak

More information

History of Explosia a.s.

History of Explosia a.s. Propellants History of Explosia a.s. SINCE 1920 Production of smokeless powders, black powders and explosives in Explosia a.s. has a long tradition. The company was established in 1920 under the name Czechoslovak

More information

Firearms Identification

Firearms Identification Firearms Identification Firearms and Ballistics Mr. Tomasevich Forensics Firearms Identification A discipline mainly concerned with determining whether a bullet or cartridge was fired by a particular weapon.

More information

RIFLE NOMENCLATURE AND SAFE LOADING AND UNLOADING

RIFLE NOMENCLATURE AND SAFE LOADING AND UNLOADING AIR GUN SHOOTING SPORTS SAFETY GUIDE RIFLE NOMENCLATURE AND SAFE LOADING AND UNLOADING All rifles consist of three major components: the stock, the barrel and the action. Stock Rear Sight Action Bolt Breech

More information

55 gr. TAP URBAN #83276 Polymer Tipped Spitzer Flat Base Bullet B.C. = Remington

55 gr. TAP URBAN #83276 Polymer Tipped Spitzer Flat Base Bullet B.C. = Remington 55 gr. TAP URBAN #83276 Polymer Tipped Spitzer Flat Base Bullet B.C. =.255 The Hornady 223 Rem 55 gr. TAP Urban is the preferred choice for use in SBRs, carbines, and rifles when the possibility for barrier

More information

WILDLIFE ACHIEVEMENT CHAPTER -----The Izaak Walton League of America, Inc.

WILDLIFE ACHIEVEMENT CHAPTER -----The Izaak Walton League of America, Inc. RIFLE/PISTOL RANGE RULES AND REGULATIONS These rules apply to Chapter members and their guests in a general shooting environment. Some may be waived by range safety officials at organized Chapter functions

More information

SHOTSHELL DATA BOOK TACTICAL TRUBALL RIFLED SLUG TACTICAL BUCKSHOT TACTICAL PRECISION BUCKSHOT

SHOTSHELL DATA BOOK TACTICAL TRUBALL RIFLED SLUG TACTICAL BUCKSHOT TACTICAL PRECISION BUCKSHOT For the latest information on Federal Premium Law Enforcement products, please visit our website. www.le.atk.com To learn about the location of our next Wound Ballistic Workshop, contact: Federal Cartridge

More information

www.saabgroup.com Product sheet 8 p - Carl-Gustaf - eng - v. 3 sep 14

www.saabgroup.com Product sheet 8 p - Carl-Gustaf - eng - v. 3 sep 14 www.saabgroup.com Product sheet 8 p - Carl-Gustaf - eng - v. 3 sep 14 THE carl-gustaf Multi-purpose Weapon System THE carl-gustaf the best THE BEST THERE IS The Carl-Gustaf system is a true multi-role,

More information

Aracruz 52AC. Owners Manual and Installation Instructions. Part Number: PL-3238 (Revised ) A Commitment to Excellence

Aracruz 52AC. Owners Manual and Installation Instructions. Part Number: PL-3238 (Revised ) A Commitment to Excellence Aracruz 52AC Owners Manual and Installation Instructions Part Number: PL-3238 (Revised 05.02.07) A Commitment to Excellence READ AND SAVE THESE INSTRUCTIONS Before beginning installation of your new Concord

More information

The Rarefaction Wave Gun Program A Government and Industry Collaboration to Develop 21st Century Cannon Systems

The Rarefaction Wave Gun Program A Government and Industry Collaboration to Develop 21st Century Cannon Systems The Rarefaction Wave Gun Program A Government and Industry Collaboration to Develop 21st Century Cannon Systems Presented by : Mike Bixler, ARES, Inc. (419) 635-2175 mike.bixler@aresinc.net 21 st Century

More information

SPORTING AMMUNITION PRIMERS. Properties, Handling & Storage for Handloading. 11 Mile Hill Road, Newtown, CT 06470-2359

SPORTING AMMUNITION PRIMERS. Properties, Handling & Storage for Handloading. 11 Mile Hill Road, Newtown, CT 06470-2359 SPORTING AMMUNITION PRIMERS Properties, Handling & Storage for Handloading 11 Mile Hill Road, Newtown, CT 06470-2359 This leaflet has been prepared by the Sporting Arms and Ammunition Manufacturers Institute

More information

Operating & Maintenance Instructions 600 Hot Wire Strip Heater

Operating & Maintenance Instructions 600 Hot Wire Strip Heater Operating & Maintenance Instructions 600 Hot Wire Strip Heater Table of Contents 1. Introduction... 2 2. Specifications... 3 3. Electrical Supply & Connection... 4 4. Bend Angle Stop Assembly... 5 5. Machine

More information

The DIY Sheet Metal Self-Loading Pistol

The DIY Sheet Metal Self-Loading Pistol The DIY Sheet Metal Self-Loading Pistol Practical Scrap Metal Small Arms Plans on pages 12 to 15 Introduction The pistol design described in this publication is constructed almost entirely from sheet metal

More information

Chapter 5 - Aircraft Welding

Chapter 5 - Aircraft Welding Chapter 5 - Aircraft Welding Chapter 5 Section A Study Aid Questions Fill in the Blanks 1. There are 3 types of welding:, and, welding. 2. The oxy acetylene flame, with a temperature of Fahrenheit is produced

More information

Important Operational Features:

Important Operational Features: Good Hunting! Thank you for choosing a Merkel product. The Merkel SR1 semi-automatic is an outstanding precision hunting rifle. This manual and the warnings contained herein must be read and understood

More information

TESTING OF AN IM UPGRADED M430A1 40 MM GRENADE

TESTING OF AN IM UPGRADED M430A1 40 MM GRENADE Nausheen Al-Shehab, Ernest L. Baker, Adam Enea: US ARMY ARDEC David Hunter, Larry Pitts, Karen Huddleston, Cody Anderson: GD-OTS Prepared for NDIA Insensitive Munitions & Energetic Materials Technology

More information

HANDLES, LE VERS & CR ANKS

HANDLES, LE VERS & CR ANKS Adjustable Handle... 415 Adjustable Handle With Stud... 415 Aluminum Balanced Crank Handle...408 Aluminum Revolving and Solid Handle...400 Aluminum Tubular Handle... 422 Aluminum & Malleable Clamping Levers...411

More information

REACH. Classification of ammunition as articles with an integral substance / mixture

REACH. Classification of ammunition as articles with an integral substance / mixture Discussion REACH Classification of ammunition as articles with an integral substance / mixture Bundesverband der Deutschen Sicherheits- und Verteidigungsindustrie e.v. Federation of German Security and

More information

Lecture 7: Joining Methods

Lecture 7: Joining Methods MSE 440/540: Processing of Metallic Materials Instructors: Yuntian Zhu Office: 308 RBII Ph: 513-0559 ytzhu@ncsu.edu Lecture 7: Joining Methods Department of Materials Science and Engineering 1 Joining

More information

120mm Line-of-Sight Multi-Purpose (LOS-MP) Munition S&T Efforts

120mm Line-of-Sight Multi-Purpose (LOS-MP) Munition S&T Efforts U.S. Army Armament Research, Development & Engineering Center Picatinny, NJ 120mm Line-of-Sight Multi-Purpose (LOS-MP) Munition S&T Efforts Guns and Missiles Conference April 25 th 2007 Presented by Jesse

More information

Puerto Rico Practical Shooting Association

Puerto Rico Practical Shooting Association Puerto Rico Practical Shooting Association Multi-Gun Match Rules Revised January 20, 2014 1. Safety Rules 1.1 Participants are subject to match disqualification for violation of any rule or regulation

More information

Gas Distribution and Transportation

Gas Distribution and Transportation Piping System Includes: Pipe Fittings (e.g. elbows, reducers, branch connections, etc.) Flanges, gaskets, bolting Valves Associations involved in generating Codes for piping Design Engineering: ASME ANSI

More information

SUBJECT: Retrofitting an auxiliary battery (code E28) with isolation relay (code E36).

SUBJECT: Retrofitting an auxiliary battery (code E28) with isolation relay (code E36). Work AUXILIARY BATTERY WITH ISOLATION RELAY INSTALL p.l Work Instructions: SUBJECT: Retrofitting an auxiliary battery (code E28) with isolation relay (code E36). DESCRIPTION: This retrofit consists of

More information

SPRING LOADED DEVICES

SPRING LOADED DEVICES Spring Loaded Devices SPRING LOADED DE VICES Plungers: Plungers, Spring...36 37 Plungers, Spring, Metric...38 39 Plungers, Shortie Spring... 40 Plungers, Shortie Spring Stainless Steel... 40 Plungers,

More information

Guideline for USCG Approval of Domestic Pyrotechnic Signals and Line-Throwing Appliances

Guideline for USCG Approval of Domestic Pyrotechnic Signals and Line-Throwing Appliances Commandant United States Coast Guard U.S. Coast Guard (CG-5214) 2100 Second Street, S.W. Washington, DC 20593-0001 Phone: (202) 372-1392 Fax: (202) 372-1924 Email: Kurt.J.Heinz@uscg.mil www.uscg.mil/hq/g-m/mse4/mse4home.htm

More information

Ballistic Testing of Window and Door Assemblies in Accordance with UL-752

Ballistic Testing of Window and Door Assemblies in Accordance with UL-752 Ballistic Testing of Window and Door Assemblies in Accordance with UL-752 For: Deansteel Manufacturing Company Southwest Research Institute September 2004 Mechanical and Materials Engineering Division

More information

APPENDIX R- Aerial Use of DU During the Gulf War

APPENDIX R- Aerial Use of DU During the Gulf War APPENDIX R- Aerial Use of DU During the Gulf War R.1 U.S. Air Force In the early 1970s, the U.S. Air Force developed the GAU-8/A air-to-surface gun system for the A-10 Thunderbolt ( Warthog or Tank Buster

More information

UNITED STATES MARINE CORPS OFFICER CANDIDATES SCHOOL TRAINING COMMAND 2189 ELROD AVENUE QUANTICO, VA 22134-5003

UNITED STATES MARINE CORPS OFFICER CANDIDATES SCHOOL TRAINING COMMAND 2189 ELROD AVENUE QUANTICO, VA 22134-5003 UNITED STATES MARINE CORPS OFFICER CANDIDATES SCHOOL TRAINING COMMAND 2189 ELROD AVENUE QUANTICO, VA 22134-5003 WPN 1002 APR 2011 TERMINAL LEARNING OBJECTIVES. SAFE WEAPONS HANDLING 1. Given a service

More information

Deep Operations and Active Territorial Defence: Some ideas for the Baltic States

Deep Operations and Active Territorial Defence: Some ideas for the Baltic States Deep Operations and Active Territorial Defence: Some ideas for the Baltic States By LtCol Ron LaGrone Introduction: The Image and the Reality of Deep Operations Current military literature suggests that

More information

TETRA-CRIMP* Hand Crimping Tool

TETRA-CRIMP* Hand Crimping Tool TETRA-CRIMP* Hand Crimping Tool 59824-1 Instruction Sheet 408-2823 12 JUN 14 PROPER USE GUIDELINES Cumulative Trauma Disorders can result from the prolonged use of manually powered hand tools. Hand tools

More information

Shaped Charge Jet Characterization and Initiation Test Configuration for IM Threat Testing

Shaped Charge Jet Characterization and Initiation Test Configuration for IM Threat Testing University of Nebraska - Lincoln DigitalCommons@University of Nebraska - Lincoln US Army Research US Department of Defense 1-1-2013 Shaped Charge Jet Characterization and Initiation Test Configuration

More information

Copper and Copper Alloy Tube, Pipe and Fittings

Copper and Copper Alloy Tube, Pipe and Fittings Copper and Copper Alloy Tube, Pipe and Fittings COPPER and COPPER ALLOY TUBE and PIPE Seamless Copper Pipe: Copper pipe is almost pure copper manufactured to the requirements of ASTM B 42 - Standard Specification

More information

RAIL ADAPTER SYSTEM DRAFT TC-23-AIMSS CHAPTER 1 1-1 DESCRIPTION

RAIL ADAPTER SYSTEM DRAFT TC-23-AIMSS CHAPTER 1 1-1 DESCRIPTION DRAFT TC-23-AIMSS CHAPTER 1 RAIL ADAPTER SYSTEM 1-1 DESCRIPTION The Rail Adapter System (RAS) consists of a set of lightweight specially modified sections that replace the standard front handguards on

More information

120mm Mid Range Munition (MRM) ARDEC S&T Effort

120mm Mid Range Munition (MRM) ARDEC S&T Effort US ARMY ARMAMENTS RESEARCH, ENGINEERING AND DEVELOPMENT CENTER 120mm Mid Range Munition (MRM) ARDEC S&T Effort Robert Nodarse Presented at: 42nd Annual Armament Systems: Guns & Missile Systems Conference

More information

RAUFOSS EXPLOSIVE COMPRESSION FITTINGS

RAUFOSS EXPLOSIVE COMPRESSION FITTINGS INSTRUCTION MANUAL FOR RAUFOSS EXPLOSIVE COMPRESSION FITTINGS Box 7 2831 Raufoss Norway Tlf.: +47 61 15 17 87 Fax: +47 61 15 25 56 25 January 2013, rev 2 Available on www.vpmetall.no Page 1 CONTENTS GENERAL

More information

2. DRILLING MACHINE. 2.1 Introduction. 2.2 Construction of a drilling machine. 2.3 Types of drilling machines Portable drilling machine

2. DRILLING MACHINE. 2.1 Introduction. 2.2 Construction of a drilling machine. 2.3 Types of drilling machines Portable drilling machine 2.1 Introduction 2. DRILLING MACHINE Drilling machine is one of the most important machine tools in a workshop. It was designed to produce a cylindrical hole of required diameter and depth on metal workpieces.

More information

EXPEDITIONARY FIRE SUPPORT SYSTEM Ammunition Qualification Test Program

EXPEDITIONARY FIRE SUPPORT SYSTEM Ammunition Qualification Test Program EXPEDITIONARY FIRE SUPPORT SYSTEM Ammunition Qualification Test Program Agenda Program Overview System Description Test Program Lessons Learned Program Overview Program Sponsor - MARCORSYSCOM, PMM-145

More information

DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY MANUAL ROCKET LAUNCHER M190 WITH SUBCALIBER 35MM PRACTICE ROCKET M73 OPERATOR AND UNIT MAINTENANCE MANUAL

DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY MANUAL ROCKET LAUNCHER M190 WITH SUBCALIBER 35MM PRACTICE ROCKET M73 OPERATOR AND UNIT MAINTENANCE MANUAL DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY MANUAL TM 9-1340-224-12 ROCKET LAUNCHER M190 WITH SUBCALIBER 35MM PRACTICE ROCKET M73 OPERATOR AND UNIT MAINTENANCE MANUAL 20 FEBRUARY 1992 This manual supersedes TM 9-1340-203-20,

More information

D013 S011 S015 D032 S020 D036 D037.1 D037.2

D013 S011 S015 D032 S020 D036 D037.1 D037.2 LOVEX powders for pistols and revolvers CALIBRES D013 S011 S015 D032 S020 D036 D037.1 D037.2 7.6 x 25 TOKAREV.380 AUTO 9 mm LUGER.38 SPECIAL.357 MAGNUM.357 SIG.40 S&W.44 REMINGTON MAG..45 ACP LOVEX powders

More information

BSM PUMP CORPORATION INSTALLATION AND OPERATION MANUAL

BSM PUMP CORPORATION INSTALLATION AND OPERATION MANUAL INSTALLATION AND OPERATION MANUAL I. INTRODUCTION Properly selected, installed, and maintained, BSM Pumps will provide many years of trouble-free service. Improper selection and installation account for

More information

Welding And Cutting Aluminum Program 1. Textbook

Welding And Cutting Aluminum Program 1. Textbook Welding And Cutting Aluminum Program 1 Textbook IMPORTANT NOTICE This material provides general directions for collision damage repair using tested, effective procedures. Following them will help assure

More information

Presentation of the BOFORS 3P and System Concept. BOFORS 40/57 mm 3P. - Remotely Controlled Turret System. - Bushmaster IV integration

Presentation of the BOFORS 3P and System Concept. BOFORS 40/57 mm 3P. - Remotely Controlled Turret System. - Bushmaster IV integration Presentation of the BOFORS 3P and System Concept 98 40/48B SLPPRJ 90 LK 17398001 - BOFORS 40/57 mm 3P - Remotely Controlled Turret System - Bushmaster IV integration Mr Michael Borén Product Director,

More information

POTATO GUNS. Potato Delivery Systems.com. Advance Design Launchers. Potato/Tennis Ball Launchers High Quality and made in the U.S.A.

POTATO GUNS. Potato Delivery Systems.com. Advance Design Launchers. Potato/Tennis Ball Launchers High Quality and made in the U.S.A. POTATO GUNS Advance Design Launchers Potato Delivery Systems.com Potato/Tennis Ball Launchers High Quality and made in the U.S.A. Catalog #1.2 2011-2012 To Order Call or Click: www.potatodeliverysystems.com

More information

understand the fundamental of the gauges and their classifications, and

understand the fundamental of the gauges and their classifications, and UNIT 4 LIMIT GAUGING Structure 4.1 Introduction Objectives 4.2 Gauges and their Classifications 4.2.1 Standard Gauges 4.2.2 Limit Gauges 4.3 Working Gauges, Inspection Gauges and Reference Gauges 4.4 Gauges

More information

CHILDRENS ELECTRONIC BATTERY OPERATED MOTOR TRICYCLE OPERATIONAL INSTRUCTIONS

CHILDRENS ELECTRONIC BATTERY OPERATED MOTOR TRICYCLE OPERATIONAL INSTRUCTIONS CHILDRENS ELECTRONIC BATTERY OPERATED MOTOR TRICYCLE OPERATIONAL INSTRUCTIONS Please read this manual in detail before use. Model no: 90313 WARNING: Adult supervision is required. Do not drive anywhere

More information

SPECIFICATIONS FOR BOON EDAM TOMSED MODEL TUT-65TMB

SPECIFICATIONS FOR BOON EDAM TOMSED MODEL TUT-65TMB SPECIFICATIONS FOR BOON EDAM TOMSED MODEL TUT-65TMB PRODUCT DESCRIPTION: BOON EDAM TOMSED MODEL TUT-65TMB STAINLESS STEEL BARCODE SCANNING ELECTRONIC REGISTERING TURNSTILE SCOPE OF OPERATION: A. The TUT-65TMB

More information

Gear PEPSI CAN STOVE INSTRUCTIONS

Gear PEPSI CAN STOVE INSTRUCTIONS Gear PEPSI CAN STOVE INSTRUCTIONS [NOTE: Updated Instructions are now available. The new stove is less likely to develop flame leaks and the fuel/air mixture is improved. Instructions for a simmer ring

More information

PROCEDURES PREVENTION OF ACCIDENTAL IGNITION

PROCEDURES PREVENTION OF ACCIDENTAL IGNITION Page No: 1 of 7 6.0 PURPOSE (192.751) All possible precautions shall be exercised to prevent the accidental escape and ignition of gas. Whenever possible, potential sources of ignition should be eliminated

More information

SPACE ENGINEERING-REBELLING ROCKETS

SPACE ENGINEERING-REBELLING ROCKETS SPACE ENGINEERING-REBELLING ROCKETS MAKING ROCKETS AND LAUNCHING COMPETITION Experiment Objective: Students will design and construct a small rocket and rocket fuel. They will then launch the rockets and

More information

HARDWARE. Drawer and Cabinet. The following pages offer a comprehensive selection of: Drawer and Cabinet Hardware R2-1 R-7125

HARDWARE. Drawer and Cabinet. The following pages offer a comprehensive selection of: Drawer and Cabinet Hardware R2-1 R-7125 R-7125 CCR-7125 The following pages offer a comprehensive selection of: Drawer and Cabinet HARDWARE R-7133 22- Track Length 1-3/16" R-7126 R-7125 CCR-7125 (30 per display box) Rolled Edge Drawer Track

More information

Compressed Gas Cylinder Storage and Handling Guide

Compressed Gas Cylinder Storage and Handling Guide Overview Compressed gas cylinders are used in many workplaces to store gases that vary from extremely flammable (acetylene) to extremely inert (helium). Many compressed gas cylinders are stored at extremely

More information

http://guninfo.tnet.com

http://guninfo.tnet.com Reconstructed Manual for a PA-63 Double Action Semi-Automatic Pistol 9x18mm Makarov More Gun Info can be found at: http://guninfo.tnet.com The contents of this manual were reconstructed from graphical

More information

VOYAGER 570G. 744A Sprayer Control

VOYAGER 570G. 744A Sprayer Control VOYAGER 570G 744A Sprayer Control U S E R M A N U A L U S E R M A N U A L Table of Contents CHAPTER 1 - INTRODUCTION...1 SYSTEM CONFIGURATIONS...1 KIT CONTENTS...3 CONTROL HOUSING ASSEMBLY...5 CHAPTER

More information

Igniters and Their Use

Igniters and Their Use Igniters and Their Use By Bob Cannon Updated and edited by Mary Roberts, Ann Grimm and Kathleen Greer EstesEducator.com educator@estesrockets.com 800.820.0202 2012 Estes-Cox Corp. S AND THEIR USE By Bob

More information

MANUFACTURING PROCESSES

MANUFACTURING PROCESSES MANUFACTURING PROCESSES - AMEM 201 Lecture 4: Forming Processes (Rolling, Extrusion, Forging, Drawing) DR. SOTIRIS L. OMIROU Forming Processes - Definition & Types - Forming processes are those in which

More information

Series 68. Closed Air Chucks FITTING 1/4" NPT. With closed air chuck CLOSED BALL FOOT AIR CHUCK CLOSED CHECK LOCK-ON AND CLIP AIR CHUCK

Series 68. Closed Air Chucks FITTING 1/4 NPT. With closed air chuck CLOSED BALL FOOT AIR CHUCK CLOSED CHECK LOCK-ON AND CLIP AIR CHUCK Closed Air Chucks FITTING 1/4" NPT CLOSED BALL FOOT AIR CHUCK Thread 68.1110 1/4 (F) NPT 68.1120 1/4 (M) NPT - Offset angle for the most convenient and versatile inflating positions - General purpose inflating

More information

Plastic Injection Molding

Plastic Injection Molding Training Objective After watching this video and reviewing the printed material, the student/trainee will understand the principles and physical operations of the plastic injection molding process. An

More information

CHAPTER 2. WHAT ARE FIREARMS UNDER THE NFA?

CHAPTER 2. WHAT ARE FIREARMS UNDER THE NFA? CHAPTER 2. WHAT ARE FIREARMS UNDER THE NFA? Section 2.1 Types of NFA firearms The NFA defines the specific types of firearms subject to the provisions of the Act. These definitions describe the function,

More information

PARTS LIST 18 Inch White Body Tube

PARTS LIST 18 Inch White Body Tube Things You ll Need To Assemble this Kit: Pencil and Hobby Knife: White Glue: Aliphatic Resin glue, such as TITEBOND or ELMER S CARPENTER S WOOD GLUE - ELMER S WHITE SCHOOL GLUE also works but dries slower.

More information

MUELLER CORPORATION VALVES

MUELLER CORPORATION VALVES MUELLER CORPORATION VALVES 5. Machine inserted corporation stops were developed by Hieronymus Mueller in conjunction with his development of the drilling and tapping machine used to make pressure taps

More information

Marine Corps Tank Employment MCWP 3-12 (CD) Appendix F. Scout and TOW Platoons

Marine Corps Tank Employment MCWP 3-12 (CD) Appendix F. Scout and TOW Platoons Appendix F Scout and TOW Platoons Section 1. Scout Platoon Section 2. TOW Platoon F - 1 Section 1. Scout Platoon. Mission. The battalion scout platoon performs reconnaissance, provides limited security,

More information

P22 Cal..22L.R. Operating Instructions. Semi-Automatic pistol USA. anl_us~1.qxd 13.08.2002 07:52 Seite 1. extractor

P22 Cal..22L.R. Operating Instructions. Semi-Automatic pistol USA. anl_us~1.qxd 13.08.2002 07:52 Seite 1. extractor anl_us~1.qxd 13.08.2002 07:52 Seite 1 manual safety extractor stabilizer frontsight slide Loaded chamber indicator rear sight hammer barrel trigger lock muzzle trigger mounting rail manual safety slide

More information

The Swedish Squad Support Weapon Program

The Swedish Squad Support Weapon Program Product Manager Small Arms Systems The Swedish Squad Support Weapon Program Presentation to NDIA 50 th Joint Services Small Arms Symposium Las Vegas, May 11, 2004 Per G. Arvidsson Product Manager Small

More information

Inmate Security Transport Vehicle (ISTV) Bid Specifications

Inmate Security Transport Vehicle (ISTV) Bid Specifications Inmate Security Transport Vehicle (ISTV) Bid Specifications 1.0 INTRODUCTION This specification describes the caging requirements for a 12-Passenger Van (Make/Model: 2013 Chevrolet Express C2500) to be

More information

DIGITAL OIL PRESSURE GAUGE

DIGITAL OIL PRESSURE GAUGE REV. 04-0- DIGITAL OIL PRESSURE GAUGE GENERAL Kit Numbers 758-09, 7540-09 Models For model fitment information, see the P&A retail catalog or the Parts and Accessories section of www.harley-davidson.com

More information

Game rules (the second edition)

Game rules (the second edition) www.art-of-tactic.com WORLD WAR II BARBAROSSA 1941 Game rules (the second edition) THE BASICS These are the basic concepts of the Art of Tactic system. Master these, and you will master the game! 1. Players

More information

4 TH GRADE AIR AND AIR PRESSURE

4 TH GRADE AIR AND AIR PRESSURE 4 TH GRADE AIR AND AIR PRESSURE Summary: Students experiment with air by finding that it has mass and pressure. Warm air is less dense than cool air and this is tested using a balance. Students experiment

More information

Explosives Safety Initial Training. Course # 5.01 Rev. 08041-TO

Explosives Safety Initial Training. Course # 5.01 Rev. 08041-TO Explosives Safety Initial Training Course # 5.01 Rev. 08041-TO Terminal Objective: Identify safe practices for work on or around explosives in accordance with the DOE Explosives Safety Manual, DOE M 440.1-1A,

More information

TP2108 Shell Holder Retainer HP2503. Ram

TP2108 Shell Holder Retainer HP2503. Ram COMPLETE INSTRUCTIONS Lee Breech Lock Hand Press OF3615 Lock Pin OF1764 Breech Lock Bushing HP2497 Hand Press HP2496 Hand Press Lever TP2108 Shell Holder Retainer HP2503 Ram HP3539 5 /16 24 Bolt HP3607

More information

Round Ball Loads. Multiple ball loads are fun to shoot and plink with and may have an application for small game hunting and pest control.

Round Ball Loads. Multiple ball loads are fun to shoot and plink with and may have an application for small game hunting and pest control. Round Ball Loads I became interested in round ball loads and multiple round ball loads several years ago and experimented with them off an on for about a year in both rifles and revolvers. Single Ball

More information

Abrams Tank Systems. Lessons Learned Operation Iraqi Freedom 2003

Abrams Tank Systems. Lessons Learned Operation Iraqi Freedom 2003 Abrams Tank Systems Lessons Learned Operation Iraqi Freedom 2003 Purpose As with all wars and contingency operations, capturing system performance and lessons learned are critical to improving the systems

More information

SERVICE PARTS LIST PAGE 1 OF 6 BASE ASSEMBLY SPECIFY CATALOG NO. AND SERIAL NO. WHEN ORDERING PARTS 12" DUAL BEVEL COMPOUND MITER SAW B27A

SERVICE PARTS LIST PAGE 1 OF 6 BASE ASSEMBLY SPECIFY CATALOG NO. AND SERIAL NO. WHEN ORDERING PARTS 12 DUAL BEVEL COMPOUND MITER SAW B27A PAGE 1 OF 6 BASE ASSEMBLY 00 0 EXAMPLE: Component Parts (Small #) Are Included When Ordering The Assembly (Large #). SPECIFY CATALOG NO. AND NO. WHEN ORDERING PARTS 1 02-80-0050 Thrust Bearing (1) 2 05-80-0510

More information

PISTOL RULES for 2010

PISTOL RULES for 2010 PISTOL RULES for 2010 1. Arrival at the Pistol Range and Check-In during "Open" Hours All handguns and rifles must be unloaded and packaged, meaning in a bag, sack, box, gun case, or the like. No pistol

More information

Cutting and Shearing die design Cutting die design

Cutting and Shearing die design Cutting die design Manufacturing Processes 2 Dr. Alaa Hasan Ali Cutting and Shearing die design Cutting die design A stamping die is a special, one-of-a-kind precision tool that cuts and forms sheet metal into a desired

More information

FIREARMS, TOOL MARKS, AND OTHER IMPRESSIONS

FIREARMS, TOOL MARKS, AND OTHER IMPRESSIONS FIREARMS, TOOL MARKS, AND OTHER IMPRESSIONS 15-1 Introduction Structural variations and irregularities caused by scratches, nicks, breaks, and wear may permit the criminalist to relate: A bullet to a gun

More information

Ready for Battle: The Personal Equipment of a World War II Soldier

Ready for Battle: The Personal Equipment of a World War II Soldier Ready for Battle: The Personal Equipment of a World War II Soldier Adapted from Survey of U.S. Army Uniforms, Weapons and Accoutrements, courtesy of the US Army Center of Military History: http://www.history.army.mil/html/museums/uniforms/survey_uwa.pdf

More information

FX TYPHOON 12. Table of Contents

FX TYPHOON 12. Table of Contents Owner s Manual FX TYPHOON 12 Table of Contents Table of Contents Warranty Specifications General Instructions Operating Instructions Loading the Magazine Trigger Adjustments Care & Maintenance Recommended

More information

Honda Reflex Water Pump Service

Honda Reflex Water Pump Service Honda Reflex Water Pump Service I have had a problem with dark brown oil probably combined with some coolant leaking from the weep hole under the Reflex. This article describes how the water pump can be

More information

1. Number of Competencies Evaluated. 2. Number of Competencies Rated 2 or Percent of Competencies Attained (2/1) Grade. Instructor Signature

1. Number of Competencies Evaluated. 2. Number of Competencies Rated 2 or Percent of Competencies Attained (2/1) Grade. Instructor Signature Student s Name ADVENCED WELDING AG 211 Directions: Evaluate the trainee using the rating scale below and check the appropriate number to indicate the degree of competency achieve. The numerical rating

More information

James M. Pleasants Company

James M. Pleasants Company James M. Pleasants Company SUBMITTAL DATA GAINESVILLE MECHANICAL DECEMBER 20, 2013 PROJECT: GSU: J-183 HUMANITIES LAW BLDG. QUOTE NO:12116 ENGINEER: STEVENS & WILKINSON GASKETED PLATE HEAT EXCHANGER Tag:

More information

TE Connectivity DEUTSCH 983 Series/EN2997 Series Connectors

TE Connectivity DEUTSCH 983 Series/EN2997 Series Connectors APPLICATIONS FEATURES TE Connectivity DEUTSCH 983 Series/EN2997 Series Connectors High-performance military aircraft Commercial aircraft Communications equipment Armored personnel carriers & tanks High

More information

AGRICULTURAL SEMI-PNEUMATIC TIRE & WHEEL ASSEMBLIES

AGRICULTURAL SEMI-PNEUMATIC TIRE & WHEEL ASSEMBLIES AGRICULTURAL SEMI-PNEUMATIC TIRE & WHEEL ASSEMBLIES Carlisle Semi Pneumatic Gauge & Closing Wheel Assemblies Designed For The Rugged No-Till Field Conditions on Today s Farms Carlisle Nylon/Steel Offset

More information

300 Petty Drive Suite E Lawrenceville, GA Sliding Mass Dynamic Cone Penetrometer (DCP) PART# CetecCorp.

300 Petty Drive Suite E Lawrenceville, GA Sliding Mass Dynamic Cone Penetrometer (DCP) PART# CetecCorp. 300 Petty Drive Suite E Lawrenceville, GA 30043 770-817-7810 Sliding Mass Dynamic Cone Penetrometer (DCP) PART#32004 CetecCorp.com NOTICE This Instruction Manual is an integral part of the test equipment

More information

A screen capture from Solid Motor Design Calculator while calculating chamber wall thickness. As you will soon discover, you can quickly zero in on

A screen capture from Solid Motor Design Calculator while calculating chamber wall thickness. As you will soon discover, you can quickly zero in on Motor Casings When I first started making sugar propellant motors, there was a certain allure to steel casings in that steel was fairly resistant to heat. The motor casings didn't need extra thermal protection

More information

NOVEL EXAMINATION OF GUN BORE RESISTANCE ANALYSIS AND EXPERIMENTAL VALIDATION

NOVEL EXAMINATION OF GUN BORE RESISTANCE ANALYSIS AND EXPERIMENTAL VALIDATION 23 RD INTERNATIONAL SYMPOSIUM ON BALLISTICS TARRAGONA, SPAIN 16-2 APRIL 27 NOVEL EXAMINATION OF GUN BORE RESISTANCE ANALYSIS AND EXPERIMENTAL VALIDATION D. Carlucci 1, J. Vega 1, M. Pocock 2, S. Einstein

More information

INJECTION MOULD DESIGN: MARPLEX PVC RESINS

INJECTION MOULD DESIGN: MARPLEX PVC RESINS MACHINE RECCOMENDATIONS PVC requires reciprocating screw injection moulding machine with a plasticising screw to produce homogeneous melt. It is recommended that a shot weight of the part should take two

More information

V47 Series Temperature Actuated Modulating Water Valves

V47 Series Temperature Actuated Modulating Water Valves V47 Series Temperature Actuated Modulating Water Valves Master Catalog 125 Valves, Miscellaneous (Other Than Gas) Section V Product Bulletin V47 Issue Date 0286 Application The V47 modulating valves regulate

More information

Ballistic Products, Inc. 12 Gauge, 20 Gauge and 410 Bore Shotgun Ammunition Terminal Performance

Ballistic Products, Inc. 12 Gauge, 20 Gauge and 410 Bore Shotgun Ammunition Terminal Performance Ballistic Products, Inc. 12 Gauge, 20 Gauge and 410 Bore Shotgun Ammunition Terminal Performance Introduction In March of 2014, Ballistic we began Products, communicating Inc. completed with Ballistic

More information

CHISELS / PUNCHES. Innovation is our mission!

CHISELS / PUNCHES. Innovation is our mission! CHISELS / PUNCHES Innovation is our mission! 1 PAGE FLAT CHISELS 680 TILER S FLAT CHISELS 681 SLITTING CHISEL 681 JOINTING CHISELS 681 BRICKLAYERS CHISEL 682 POINTED CHISELS 682 ELECTRICIANS CHISEL 682-683

More information

BZP Tensile Class 8 Stainless Steel A2 Height (m) in mm A/F (sw) in mm Art. No.

BZP Tensile Class 8 Stainless Steel A2 Height (m) in mm A/F (sw) in mm Art. No. Hexagon Nuts Full nut with metric coarse thread. Available in the following materials: Steel, Bright Zinc Plated. Din 934-8 Steel, Self Colour. Din 934-10. Stainless Steel; A2-70. Din 934. Also available

More information

WW2 Skirmish rules Tyneside Wargames club February 2016 Version 3.5

WW2 Skirmish rules Tyneside Wargames club February 2016 Version 3.5 WW2 Skirmish rules Tyneside Wargames club February 2016 Version 3.5 2 WW2 Skirmish rules Order of play: Figure costs: Figures cost between 1 and 7 points, dependent on the number of actions they have and

More information

ZAMA CUBE CARBURETOR DISASSEMBLY AND SERVICE

ZAMA CUBE CARBURETOR DISASSEMBLY AND SERVICE ZAMA CUBE CARBURETOR DISASSEMBLY AND SERVICE MIXTURE SCREWS Remove idle and main mixture screw. Inspect each screw for damage, especially the needle points which should have no deformation of the tapered

More information

Rolling - Introductory concepts

Rolling - Introductory concepts Rolling - Introductory concepts R. Chandramouli Associate Dean-Research SASTRA University, Thanjavur-613 401 Joint Initiative of IITs and IISc Funded by MHRD Page 1 of 8 Table of Contents 1. Rolling -

More information

Volkswagen New Beetle 2.0 Liter 4-cyl General, Engine (Engine Code AEG) 19 Engine-Cooling system (Page GR-19)

Volkswagen New Beetle 2.0 Liter 4-cyl General, Engine (Engine Code AEG) 19 Engine-Cooling system (Page GR-19) 19 Engine-Cooling system (Page GR-19) Cooling system components, removing and installing Coolant hose connection diagram Coolant pump, removing and installing Cooling system components (body side), removing

More information

INSTRUCTION MANUAL (ATEX / IECEx)

INSTRUCTION MANUAL (ATEX / IECEx) INSTRUCTION MANUAL (ATEX / IECEx) BExBGL2D LED BEACON For use in Flammable Gas and Dust Atmospheres BExBGL2D 1) Warnings DO NOT OPEN WHEN AN EXPLOSIVE ATMOSPHERE IS PRESENT DO NOT OPEN WHEN ENERGIZED POTENTIAL

More information

Water Lines. Materials

Water Lines. Materials Water Lines Materials Cast iron The Evansville Water distribution system includes almost 1,000 miles of water lines. Approximately 58%, or 580 miles, of the water mains in Evansville are made of cast iron

More information

Supplementary Installation Instructions For use with Morsø Stoves canal boat chimney system

Supplementary Installation Instructions For use with Morsø Stoves canal boat chimney system 26 Supplementary Installation Instructions For use with Morsø Stoves canal boat chimney system 23 28 11 92 93 81 64 90 23 15 21 91 38 22 36 89 24 16 Conforming to BS 8511:2010 Code of practice for the

More information

Plastics Processing. Plastics can be machined, cast, formed, and joined with relative ease requiring little post-processing or surfacefinish

Plastics Processing. Plastics can be machined, cast, formed, and joined with relative ease requiring little post-processing or surfacefinish Plastics Processing Plastics Processing Plastics can be machined, cast, formed, and joined with relative ease requiring little post-processing or surfacefinish operations Plastics melt or cure at relative

More information