1 A HOME FOR YOUR FAMILY 12 Choosing the Best Mortgage Distributed in furtherance of the Acts of Congress of May 8 and June 30, Employment and program opportunities are offered to all people regardless of race, color, national origin, sex, age, or disability. North Carolina State University, North Carolina A&T State University, U.S. Department of Agriculture, and local governments cooperating. Selecting a mortgage can be perplexing, frustrating, and time-consuming. Mortgage lenders offer a variety of loan packages under different names with different interest rates, up-front costs, and fine print terms, all of which can change frequently. You need a lot of information to get a mortgage that best fits your needs at a competitive price. Sources of mortgages include: savings and loan associations, commercial banks, federal and related agencies, life insurance companies, some credit unions, and family members. When you start to shop for a mortgage, you will find a number of factors may cause interest rates to vary, such as differences in lenders, the size of the mortgage, the amount of down payment, and general conditions in the money market. A number of mortgage types are on the market today, including: fixed rate, adjustable rate, graduated payment, growing equity, balloon, or wraparound and others. In addition, you have other choices to make: Fixed versus adjustable payments. Fixed interest rate with payments that usually do not vary versus adjustable and variable-interest rates where payments do vary. Variations of fixed or adjustable payments. Creative financing alternatives. Form of payments. Your challenge is to match a mortgage to your personal situation. You need to consider current market conditions, the age of your family, your attitude toward risk, and how long you plan to stay in the house. It may take time, phone calls, and leg work, but when you are ready to sell the house or pay off the mortgage, your investment in time and effort will pay off. FIXED RATE MORTGAGES The traditional, fixed rate mortgage (FRM) is considered the granddaddy of all mortgages. Its advantage is that neither the interest rate nor the monthly payment (principal and interest) ever changes over the life of the loan. If money is borrowed at 10 percent and rates go up to 18 percent, the rate stays the same. You know at the outset exactly how much the loan will cost each month until it is paid off. This is good if you place a high value on predictability. The price paid for this predictability usually comes in the form of a higher interest rate than on an initial adjustable rate mortgage (ARM). Lenders often charge as much as 2 to 3 percentage points more. They do this to offset the risk that sometime during the life of the loan overall interest rates will increase but they will not be able to adjust the fixed rate. This same risk applies to you in reverse. If overall interest rates go down, you will still be locked in at the higher rate. This higher initial interest rate means you need a higher income to qualify. If interest rates drop, you will not pay less unless you refinance and incur the up-front costs of getting a new mortgage.
2 If your family s income is not high enough to qualify for a fixed rate, you might seek an ARM. However, 75 percent of borrowers choose to go with a fixed rate because they favor predictability and are averse to financial risk. The amount is set in advance and by prepaying they can substantially reduce the loan balance at any time. The rate can never increase. Short-term mortgages of 10-, 15-, and 20-year maturity periods have become popular variations on fixed rate mortgages. They are often just like the 30-year loans but offer a lower interest rate because there is less long-term risk. You are rewarded by a dramatic reduction in overall interest charges. That means that you build equity faster and thus own the house sooner. However, higher monthly payments may make it more difficult for you to qualify. An alternative to a shorter-term loan is to sign up for a biweekly mortgage. Biweekly mortgages are amortized as regular 30-year loans but the monthly payments are divided in half and you make a payment every other week. This amounts to 26 payments a year or 13 monthly payments in 12 months. It will shorten the length of time and reduce the interest charges for repaying the loan. Three government-backed loan programs offer fixed rate mortgages. Federal Housing Administration Insured Loans (FHA) FHA guarantees the lender that it will pay losses resulting from foreclosure. Interest rate is usually lower than conventional mortgages. Mortgage insurance is charged. Points may be charged. FHA accepts higher credit risks than conventional lenders. FHA appraises the house to be purchased and gives this information to the bank making the loan; loans take longer. Seller may increase price of house to make up for points they may have to pay. Low down payments. Long repayment period. Loans are assumable. Veterans Administration Loans (VA) VA guarantees the loan. Only veterans or their survivors are eligible. No down payment is required. Lower interest rates. Repayment period is up to 30 years. No prepayment penalty is assessed to the borrower. No cost for mortgage insurance. Farmers Home Administration Loans (FmHA) Administered by USDA for rural families Interest rate relatively low. Payment period is up to 40 years. No down payment. Amount of loan based on applicant s eligibility. Mortgage is insured. Must meet income guidelines. ADJUSTABLE RATE MORTGAGES If you plan to move or refinance in 3 to 4 years, you may want to forego a fixed rate mortgage and choose an adjustable rate mortgage (ARM). Flexible or variable rate loans are two other names for this popular mortgage choice. They have one characteristic in common the interest rate can and probably will change periodically during the life of the loan, depending on interest rates in financial markets. With an ARM, you pay a lower interest rate at the beginning of the loan term. This means you can qualify with a substantially lower income than for a comparable fixed rate loan and your initial monthly payments are lower. The interest rate, however, can go up over the life of the loan, and you must consider whether your future income will be enough to meet the greatest possible increase in payments. If ARM interest rates increase enough, the monthly payment may be more than that paid for a fixed rate mortgage. However, if interest rates decline, so do monthly payments. To avoid constant and drastic fluctuations, most ARMs have caps or limits on how much the interest rate or payments can change, both per adjustment period (every time the rate changes) and over the life of the loan. Adjustments are made periodically as specified in the loan contract. The most common adjustment periods are every 6 months, 1, 3, and 5 years. If you have an ARM with a oneyear adjustment period, the interest rate can change only once a year on a specified date. Also, lenders may allow you to convert your ARM into a fixed rate mortgage under certain terms and conditions. Some ARMs allow negative amortization, which cancels out most of the protection offered by caps. This occurs if the monthly payment is capped, but the interest rate rises so the payments may not cover the full interest amount the lender is owed. The difference is added to the
3 loan balance. That means that after you make your capped monthly payment, the mortgage debt will increase, not decrease. Lenders use standard indexes plus a margin to determine the rate to charge on ARMs. Some frequently used indexes are: Rate on 1-, 3-, and 5-year Treasury securities (or how much the Treasury is willing to pay on money it borrows), Federal Home Loan Bank Board s national or regional average mortgage rate charged by major lenders on the purchase of previously occupied homes (or how much people are paying on new mortgages nationwide), and Average cost of funds for savings and loans insured by the FDIC (or how much lending institutions are paying on the money they borrow). Some of these indexes reflect what the market will bear across the country; others reflect local trends. The index selected should be one that can be verified easily. Its past performance may give an indication of how stable it is. Some indexes change monthly. You need to learn how much advance notice you will get before the new payment or rate goes into effect. The lender should be willing to tell you how the rate is determined. Ask your lender: Does the rate change monthly? Are there limits on the number of times and/or the amount the rate can fluctuate? The margin is an additional amount that the lender adds on to the index rate (usually 1-3 points) and it is constant for the life of the loan. ARMs may be your only choice initially if you do not have income to qualify for a fixed rate mortgage. Look for ARMs which can be converted to a fixed rate interest at a later date. Remember, ARMs can be very complicated. It is very important that you have a clear understanding of the pros and cons of fixed rate and adjustable rate mortgages. Despite the lower initial interest rate of an ARM, the traditional, fixed rate mortgages may be the better choice for you based on your income, credit history, and lifestyle. ALTERNATIVE MORTGAGES (FIXED AND ADJUSTABLE RATE) There are a number of types of alternative mortgages offering both fixed and adjustable rates. The major ones are: Graduated Payment Mortgage (GPM). This was one of the first alternatives to the fixed rate mortgage. It usually offers a fixed interest rate with low monthly payments in the early years. Payments rise at a set rate over a set period of time (usually 5 to 10 years) and then remain constant for the duration of the loan. Payments usually increase once a year. During the early years of the loan the borrower will pay less than the interest rate requires, but will make up for it in later years when the payment is higher. This type mortgage may be a good alternative for firsttime home buyers because it allows them to take advantage of their future earning power. They can gamble that by the time their payments rise they will have better paying jobs. However, the disadvantages of the graduated payment mortgage are that salaries may not rise as expected, unemployment may be experienced, and the interest costs of a home purchased with a GPM may be considerably higher than with a fixed rate mortgage. Also, equity does not build very quickly and the borrower will need a larger down payment. Pledged Account Mortgage. This offers an effective lower first-year interest rate because a large initial payment is made to the lender when the loan is originated. The payment may be made by the buyer, builder, or any other interested party. This subsidizes the interest payments over the first years of the loan because the payment is put in an account where it earns interest. This plan can lower the interest rate substantially. For example, if it shaved 5 percentage points off the first year s 10 percent interest rate to bring it down to 5 percent, one percent would be added every year until the payments matched the 10 percent rate. On a $50,000 loan, the first year s payments would amount to $305 monthly, rather than $438, for a savings of $133 per month (with the difference coming from the pledged account). During the next 5 years the interest rate would increase one percentage point per year (depending on the terms of the loan) and the borrower would continue to draw down his/her pledged account. By the end of the fifth year, the balance in the account would be zero, and the loan would become a standard fixed or adjustable rate mortgage depending on the contract. Balloon Mortgage. This mortgage is not for the faint of heart. The amount of the mortgage usually is amortized for a 30-year period, but the borrower makes payments for only 3-5 years. After a period of time, the remaining principal, or balloon payment, is due in a large final payment. If the final payment cannot be made, it will be necessary to refinance. Often the lender will offer automatic refinancing as one of the contract terms. If automatic
4 refinancing is not included in the contract, the borrower could be forced to start a mortgage search all over again and thus will have to pay closing costs and up-front charges again. A balloon mortgage may be worthwhile if you plan to sell your house within a few years and expect the value of the house to appreciate quickly. Be sure there is an automatic refinancing clause that could save you from being forced to shop for another mortgage and pay closing costs again when the loan comes due. Renegotiated Rate Mortgage. This is a variation of the balloon mortgage. The interest rate is fixed for a period of time, 3-5 years, after which it is renegotiated. The lender is obligated to offer refinancing with minimum or no fees, but the homeowner can shop around for more favorable terms. These are sometimes called rollover mortgages. The advantage is that monthly payments are fixed for 3-5 years and there is an agreement to refinance with the original lender. Growing Equity Mortgage (GEM). This mortgage offers a fixed interest rate with a changing monthly payment that offers just what its name implies speedy buildup of equity. The interest rate is usually a few points below market and does not change. However, the monthly payment increases according to an agreed-on index. These increases are then applied directly to the principal on the loan. Thus, a 30-year mortgage could be paid off in 15 to 20 years. The advantages of this method are that equity is rapidly acquired and the loan is paid off much sooner with low interest costs. The disadvantage is that income over the life of the loan may not keep pace with the increased payments. CREATIVE FINANCING MORTGAGE ALTERNATIVES In recent years, a number of creative financing mortgage alternatives have appeared on the market. These include: Shared Appreciation Mortgage (SAM). With this mortgage, the buyer must agree to share with the lender an agreed-upon amount of the home s appreciation value (usually percent) when it is sold or transferred or after a specified number of years. Advantages of the shared appreciation mortgage are a relatively low interest rate and lower monthly payments. The disadvantage of the SAM is that the buyer may not be able to buy out the lender when the specified payoff time arrives. In that case, the buyer would be forced to refinance or sell the home. SAM is most advantageous when property values are rising. In declining real estate markets, the buyer may be liable for an additional amount of interest. Assumable Mortgages. These mortgages became popular during periods of high interest rates. The seller of the home passes on the existing mortgage to the new owner, who takes over the remaining payments. The new owner assumes the lower interest rate, but the buyer must have a large enough down payment to make up the difference between the selling price of the home and the balance on the old mortgage. Few lenders today allow mortgages to be assumed, so read all contracts carefully. Look for a due-on-sale clause, which means that the mortgage may not be assumable and that the seller must pay off any outstanding balance and the buyer must apply for an entirely new mortgage. Seller Take-back Mortgages. If the buyer doesn t have a large enough down payment to cover the difference between the selling price and the balance on an assumable mortgage, a seller take-back mortgage may be used. It is considered a second mortgage because the buyer uses the new home as collateral and borrows an amount (from the seller) necessary to finance the down payment and equity buyout of the seller. Remember that the mortgage was assumed and is still outstanding. These mortgages frequently involve paying only interest with the principal due in full at some later date. A borrower can take advantage of an assumable mortgage but will have to make a large balloon payment at maturity. Wraparound Mortgage. This is a variation on the second mortgage. For example: Imagine a borrower has $25,000 for a down payment on a $75,000 condominium but cannot afford the payments because the current interest rate is 12 percent for the additional $50,000. The present owner currently has a $30,000 mortgage at 8 percent. The owner offers the borrower a $50,000 mortgage at 10 percent a blended rate of 8 percent on the $30,000 and 13 percent on the remaining $20,000. The new loan wraps around the existing mortgage of $30,000. In essence, the borrower is assuming the existing mortgage and adding another. The borrower makes the payment through the seller, who then forwards the appropriate payment to the lending institution.
5 To take advantage of the wraparound, the borrower must make sure that the holder of the original mortgage is aware of the arrangement. Some lenders do not allow these mortgages, and may have the right to insist that the old mortgage be paid off immediately. Also, the borrower is relying on the seller to make the original mortgage payment on time. This can be very risky. Buy-downs. In a buy-down, a developer or some other interested party offers to subsidize part of the interest for a set period of time (1-5 years) so the buyer has a lower initial monthly payment. Before choosing this type of mortgage, a borrower should consider what the payments will be after the subsidy period ends. If the loan has a fixed rate, the payment will rise to the actual amount of principal and interest. If it is a variable rate, the payment may go up even higher depending on the index to which it is tied. Borrowers need to give careful consideration about their ability to make future payments before getting a mortgage like this. Buyers and builders may offer buy-downs to make financing arrangements look more attractive. They may increase the price of the home to make up for the money paid to the financial institution to buy down the interest rate for the first several years. Borrowers should inquire what the price of the property would be if they did not choose the buy-down mortgage. They may realize substantial savings by taking a lower price and finding a mortgage elsewhere. Personal Loans. Family or friends may be possible sources for a mortgage or a second mortgage. Because of the large amounts of money that may be involved, be sure to have a legal contract that spells out the rights and responsibilities of all parties. This is important at tax time since mortgage interest payments are deductible, but personal loan interest payments are not. OTHER CONSIDERATIONS In addition to choosing among the various fixed and adjustable mortgages, you can choose the way in which to make your monthly payments. The most popular payment formats are: Regular 1 payment/month = 12 payments/year Bimonthly 2 payments/month = 24 payments/year Biweekly payments every other week = 26 payments/ year How much interest you pay on the overall mortgage will depend on how often the principal is reduced. If you make a bimonthly payment in which you pay $250 twice a month rather than $500 monthly, you will pay less total interest because you reduce the principal every time you make a payment. Even minimal reduction of principal can greatly reduce interest costs. Biweekly mortgages save interest costs in two ways. First, with a regular monthly mortgage, you usually pay at the beginning of the month for using the bank s money for the previous month. With a biweekly payment, the financial institution doesn t have to wait for four weeks for their money it gets half the monthly payment every other week and can use it to loan to other customers. In essence, you are paying off some of the principal earlier in the month. Second, you are making two extra payments every year, which reduces the principal and also reduces the time needed to repay the principal. This is the equivalent of an extra month. If you select this option, you must be prepared twice during the year to make three payments within a one-month period. Although the loan is amortized over 30 years, you usually pay it off in 18 to 21 years. In the example, you would save over $39,000 in interest costs on a $50,000 mortgage and over $117,000 on a $150,000 mortgage. Check to see if there is a prepayment penalty clause. Points may or may not be charged, depending upon the money market situation and other factors. A point is equal to one percent of the mortgage loan. Points are a one-time charge collected by the lender at closing to increase the return on the loan. By paying points, you may reduce the interest rate charged by the lender. On a conventional mortgage, points may be paid by either the buyer or seller or split between them. In FHA or VA loans, the borrower is not allowed to pay any points. At some point in the application and settlement process, the points and interest rate to be paid are locked-in. Some lenders will lock in the rate and points at the time an application for a loan is made or when they approve the loan application. Some lenders will allow points and interest to float up to the time of closing. Others will lock in the interest rate but let the points float. When shopping for a mortgage, find out what will happen to the rate if market rates go up or down. Ask the lender when the interest rate and points can be locked in. Be sure to get any agreement of this type in writing. Some lenders charge a fee for locking in interest rates and points. How long the lock-in lasts may vary (30, 60, 90, and 120
6 days are most common), as does what happens to the interest and points if the lock-in period expires before closing. Not every mortgage will fit all your specific needs, but once you determine your personal goals, you will have made a good start. To keep monthly housing costs down, consider the following: Make as large a down payment as possible. Take the mortgage over a longer period of time (although this will cost more total dollars to pay off the loan). Shop for the lowest interest rate. Keep the mortgage payment within affordable limits. If you would like additional information on selecting a home, you may wish to request other publications in the A Home For Your Family series. Single copies of North Carolina Cooperative Extension Service publications are available free of charge at your county extension center. Adapted from: Shelby, Wanda W. and Eleanor J. Walls Mortgage Alternatives: The Risk and Opportunities. University of Arkansas Cooperative Extension Service, Little Rock, AR. Peart, Virginia. Mortgage Alternatives: The Risk and Opportunities. University of Florida Cooperative Extension Service, Gainesville, FL. Hogarth, Jeanne M Financing Your Homes. Home Buyer s Guide: Financing and Evaluating Prospective Homes. Cornell University Cooperative Extension Service, Ithaca, NY. Merrill, John Buying a Home: The First Time Around. University of Wisconsin-Extension, Madison, WI. Fannie Mae A Guide to Homeownership. Washington, DC. You may be interested in other North Carolina Cooperative Extension Service publications: Should You Buy or Rent? HE-426 Selecting Your House HE-427 Choosing to Rent HE-428 Selecting the Location for Your House HE-429 How Does the Space in Your House Rate? HE-430 Environmental Considerations in Real Estate Transactions HE-431 Budgeting for Home Ownership HE-432 Financial Aspects of Home Ownership HE-433 Selecting Home Buying Professionals HE-434 Negotiating for Your House HE-435 Inspecting a House HE-436 Choosing the Best Mortgage HE-437 House Purchase Contracts HE-438 Furnishing Your First Home HE-439 Preventive Home Maintenance Guide HE-440 Homeowner's and Renter's Insurance HE-444 Prepared by Glenda M. Herman, Extension Housing Specialist, and Janice Holm Lloyd, Family Resource Management Specialist This publication has been issued in print by the North Carolina Cooperative Extension Service as publication HE-437 (May 1994). Published by North Carolina Cooperative Extension Service Electronic Publication Number FCS437.pdf July 1995 JMG
Your First Steps toward Homeownership Identify the type of mortgage that meets your specific financial needs Getting Started Many people don t consider buying a home because they re afraid they can t afford
Is now a good time to refinance? Our Business Is The American Dream At Fannie Mae, we are in the American Dream business. Our Mission is to tear down barriers, lower costs, and increase the opportunities
Mortgage Terms Acceleration The right of the mortgagee (lender) to demand the immediate repayment of the mortgage loan balance upon the default of the mortgagor (borrower), or by using the right vested
MORTGAGE TERMINOLOGY DEFINED 1-year Adjustable Rate Mortgage Mortgage where the annual rate changes yearly. The rate is usually based on movements of a published index plus a specified margin, chosen by
A HOME FOR YOUR FAMILY 7 Budgeting for Home Ownership Perhaps you are just beginning to think about buying a home sometime in the future. Or maybe you have already found a home you would like to buy. Whether
Charting Your Course to Home Ownership Navigating the Mortgage Process Today s home mortgage market has a variety of choices. Many home buyers feel safest choosing a conventional, standard fixed-rate mortgage
Glossary A Adjustable Rate Mortgage - An adjustable rate mortgage, commonly referred to as an ARM, is a loan type that allows the lender to adjust the interest rate during the term of the loan. Generally,
SHOPPING FOR A MORTGAGE The Traditional Fixed-Rate Mortgage Key characteristics: Level payments, fixed interest rate, fixed term. This mortgage is the one which most of us know, and it is still the loan
GENERAL TIPS FOR BUYING/SELLING A HOME Office of the Staff Judge Advocate, MacDill Air Force Base, Florida (813) 828-4422 TYPES OF HOMES Buying a house will be one of the biggest investments one will ever
Illinois Association of REALTORS 522 S. Fifth Street Springfield, IL 62701 www.illinoisrealtor.org www.yourillinoishome.com HOMEOWNERSHIP: Understanding What You Can Afford, Mortgages, and Closing Costs
Mortgage Terms Glossary Adjustable-Rate Mortgage (ARM) A mortgage where the interest rate is not fixed, but changes during the life of the loan in line with movements in an index rate. You may also see
Preparing for homeownership What we ll cover 1. Getting ready for homeownership 2. Mortgage basics 3. What you need to buy a home 4. Finding the right home 5. Resources 2 Getting ready for homeownership
CONSUMER HANDBOOK ON ADJUSTABLE RATE MORTGAGES Federal Reserve Board Office of Thrift Supervision This booklet was originally prepared in consultation with the following organizations: American Bankers
Home Financing Guide Table of Contents Is Home Ownership Right for You? 1 Basics about Your Mortgage Options 2 Conventional or High Ratio Mortgage 3 Options for a Down Payment 3 Understanding Amortization
Fifth Third Home Buying Guide A Guide to Residential Home Buying. Important Contacts and Numbers. Use this page to record important information as you move through the homebuying process. Realtor/Builder
Glossary Adjustable Rate Mortgage (ARM) a mortgage with a variable interest rate, which adjusts monthly, biannually or annually. Amortization the way a loan is paid off over time in installments, detailing
ESPAÑOL Shopping around for a home loan or mortgage will help you to get the best financing deal. A mortgage--whether it s a home purchase, a refinancing, or a home equity loan--is a product, just like
A HOME FOR YOUR FAMILY 9 Selecting Home Buying Professionals Distributed in furtherance of the Acts of Congress of May 8 and June 30, 1914. Employment and program opportunities are offered to all people
Different Types of Loans All loans, no matter what they are, are either secured or unsecured. Knowing the difference can better help you understand how they work and what to expect when applying for one.
Dr. Debra Sherrill Central Piedmont Community College 1 2 Describe the benefits and pitfalls of renting versus owning a home. List the steps required to obtain a mortgage loan. Identify mortgage options
The Business Library Resource Report #35 Your Assets: Financing and Refinancing Properties Personal, Investment, and Business Properties! Basic Analysis of How and When! Fixed vs. Variable Interest Rate!
Chapter 43 The Adjustable Rate Loan, the Graduated Payment Loan, and Other Loan Arrangements INTRODUCTION When interest rates are generally stable from year to year, the fixed-rate amortized loan works
CONSUMER HANDBOOK ON ADJUSTABLE RATE MORTGAGES This booklet was originally prepared by the Federal Reserve Board and the Office of Thrift Supervision in consultation with the following organizations: American
Your journey to homeownership starts at your credit union. Purchasing your first home is a big decision, and it may even seem overwhelming. Rest assured Beacon Credit Union is here to assist you in understanding
Broker Chapter 12 Financing Real Estate Copyright Gold Coast Schools 1 Learning Objectives Describe the difference between a note and a mortgage Explain the benefits of having the first recorded lien on
Fin 4713 Chapter 6 Chapter 6 Learning Objectives Understand alternative mortgage instruments Understand how the characteristics of various AMIs solve the problems of a fixed-rate mortgage Alternative Mortgage
Financing Residential Real Estate Chapter 1: Finance and Investment Borrowing Money to Buy a Home Investments and Returns Types of Investments Ownership Investments Debt Investments Securities Investment
The Path Refinancing totalmortgage.com 877-868-2503 www.totalmortgage.com October 1 2012 The Path Refinancing Over time, many things change and need adjustment, and the reality is your home financing is
The Federal Reserve Board Consumer Handbook on Adjustable-Rate Mortgages Table of contents Consumer Handbook on Adjustable-Rate Mortgages i Mortgage shopping worksheet... 2 What is an ARM?... 4 How ARMs
Consumer Handbook on Adjustable Rate Mortgages Federal Reserve Board Office of Thrift supervision EQUAL HOUSING OPPORTUNITY This booklet was prepared in consultation with the following organizations: American
Department of the Treasury Internal Revenue Service Publication 936 Cat.. 10426G Home Mortgage Interest Deduction For use in preparing 1998 Returns Contents Introduction... 1 Part I: Home Mortgage Interest...
CONSUMER HANDBOOK ON ADJUSTABLE RATE MORTGAGES Federal Reserve Board Office of Thrift Supervision This booklet was prepared in consultation with the following organizations: American Bankers Association
Mortgage Terms Accrued interest Interest that is earned but not paid, adding to the amount owed. Negative amortization A rise in the loan balance when the mortgage payment is less than the interest due.
GLOSSARY COMMONLY USED REAL ESTATE TERMS Adjustable-Rate Mortgage (ARM): a mortgage loan with an interest rate that is subject to change and is not fixed at the same level for the life of the loan. These
Consumer Handbook on Adjustable Rate Mortgages Published by: Federal Reserve Board Office of Thrift Supervision EQUAL HOUSING OPPORTUNITY This booklet was prepared in consultation with the following organizations:
Chapter 6 Conventional Financing 1 Chapter Objectives Identify the characteristics of a conventional loan. Define amortization. Identify different types of conventional loans. Discuss the use of private
Homebuyer s Handbook Understanding the home buying process Buying a home is one of life s most exciting events and is still one of the smartest investments you can make. But the process of finding, buying
Consumer Handbook on Home Equity Lines of Credit The Housing Financial Discrimination Act of 1977 Fair Lending Notice (CALIFORNIA RESIDENTS ONLY) It is illegal to discriminate in the provision of or in
The following breaks down the Loan Estimate by section with examples from Encompass followed by official commentary. Also attached, is a copy of a completed Loan Estimate form provided by the Encompass..
your guide to buying and financing a home your guide to buying and financing a home Whether you re a first-time homebuyer or you re a seasoned pro, purchasing a house is a big step that can be stressful
Paragon 5 Financial Calculators User Guide Table of Contents Financial Calculators... 3 Use of Calculators... 3 Mortgage Calculators... 4 15 Yr vs. 30 Year... 4 Adjustable Rate Amortizer... 4 Affordability...
Guide for Homebuyers Tips for Getting a Safe Mortgage You Can Afford Q u i c k S u m m a ry Figure out what you can afford. Contact at least 3 different lenders or brokers. When you call, say: I m buying
MORTGAGE TERMS Acceleration Clause This is a clause used in a mortgage that can be enforced to make the entire amount of the loan and any interest due immediately. This is usually stipulated if you default
NMLS Approved Provider ID 1400051 353 West 48th St, Suite 333, New York, NY 10036 4 HOUR NONTRADITIONAL MORTGAGE TYPES Course Approval: 1156/1008/1699 Course Material Date: 10/26/2015 Course Approval Date:
A mortgage is a loan that is used to finance the purchase of your home. It consists of 5 parts: collateral, principal, interest, taxes, and insurance. When you agree to a mortgage, you enter into a legal
FAQ on Mortgages RATE The posted interest rate is the actual rate used to calculate your monthly loan payment. The interest rate that you will be charged on your loan is set once you have completed our
LOAN AND HOME BUYING BEST PRACTICES About TSAHC The Texas State Affordable Housing Corporation (TSAHC) is a nonprofit housing corporation created at the direction of the Texas Legislature to facilitate
Summit Branches are located in Rochester (7), Seneca Falls (1), Buffalo (3), Syracuse (5) and Cortland (2) Home Buying Seminar A presentation by The Summit Federal Credit Union What We Will Cover Today
First Timer s Guide PREParing First Time Homebuyers SO MANY QUESTIONS Maybe you live in the best apartment with a great landlord and don t want to change a thing. Or maybe you ve looked at the rent going
Teacher's Guide $ Lesson Five Buying a Home 04/09 buying a home websites Buying a Home is a major life milestone that requires some thoughtful planning and know-how. Students need to understand all aspects
Your Own Home Building: Knowledge, Security, Confidence FDIC Financial Education Curriculum TABLE OF CONTENTS Page To Rent or Own 1 Steps Involved in Buying a Home 2 Am I Ready to Buy a Home? 3 Patricia
What You Should Know About Home Equity Lines of Credit and Important Terms of FlexEquity SM Effective March 1, 2008 The Housing Financial Discrimination Act of 1977 Fair Lending Notice It is illegal to
Looking for the Best Mortgage? Shop, Compare, Negotiate Shopping around for a home loan or mortgage will help you to get the best financing deal. A mortgage whether it s a home purchase, a refinancing,
Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation National Credit Union Administration Office of the Comptroller of the Currency Office of Thrift Supervision Interest-Only
Your Own Home Welcome 1. Agenda 2. Ground Rules 3. Introductions Your Own Home 2 Objectives If you are a pre-homebuyer: Explain the advantages and disadvantages of renting versus owning a home Identify
1 Real Estate Principles of Georgia Lesson 13: Applying for a Mortgage Loan 2 Choosing a Lender Types of lenders Types of lenders include: savings and loans commercial banks savings banks credit unions
Mortgage & Home Equity Reporting Guidelines In Response to Current Financial Conditions General Reporting Guidelines Report accounts in the standard Metro 2 Format. Refer to the Credit Reporting Resource
Keeping Your Home - Protect your investment People who plan, budget and save for successful homeownership have a much better chance of keeping a roof over their heads and building wealth as property values
5+ Key Components To Most Adjustable Rate Mortgages 1. Index rate The rate to which the interest rate on an adjustable rate loan is tied. One of the more popular indexes used is the 1-year U.S. Treasury
Financial Planning for a Home of Your Own FAMILY PLANNING EDUCATION INVESTMENT RETIREMENT SAVING EQUITY FAMILY PLANNING EDUCATION INVESTMENT RETIREMENT SAVING EQUITY FAMILY PLANNING EDUCATION INVESTMENT
Nontraditional Mortgages Fixed Rate Products Overview MortgageEducation.com All Rights Reserved - 1 - I. Introduction II. Buydown Mortgage A. Buydown Mortgage Features 1. Temporary Buydown 2. Permanent
TALK with an Associate in Capitol Federal s Customer Service Center 888-8CAPFED. EMAIL your questions to Capitol Federal securely online at capfed.com/contact. VISIT any one of Capitol Federal s convenient
MSHDA's Down Payment Assistance and Mortgage Credit Certificate May 21, 2010 (3:30 5:00 p.m.) Facilitated by: Carol Brito (MSHDA) Sponsored by: CREDIT UNIONS A DRIVING FORCE OF COMMUNITIES MSHDA Overview
Coming to Grips With Settlement Coming to Grips With Settlement What to Know Before Your Closing The closing, also known as the settlement, is the last step in getting your mortgage and actually becoming
BUYING YOUR FIRST HOME: THREE STEPS TO SUCCESSFUL MORTGAGE SHOPPING MORTGAGES June 2015 Cat. No.: FC5-22/3-2015E-PDF ISBN: 978-0-660-02848-4 Her Majesty the Queen in Right of Canada (Financial Consumer
HOME EQUITY LINES OF CREDIT WHAT YOU SHOULD KNOW ABOUT HOME EQUITY LINES OF CREDIT: More and more lenders are offering home equity lines of credit. By using the equity in your home, you may qualify for
The Federal Reserve Board What you should know about Home Equity Lines of Credit Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System www.federalreserve.gov 0708 i What You Should Know about Home Equity Lines
A better way to buy a home. Company NMLS : 227262 ABOUT USA MORTGAGE At USA Mortgage, a subsidiary of DAS Acquisition Company, LLC., our mission is the unrelenting pursuit of perfection, and we pride ourselves
MORTGAGE BACKED SECURITIES A Mortgage-Backed Security is created when the issuing Agency purchases a number of investment quality residential home mortgages from various banks, thrifts, or mortgage companies.
Mortgage Fraud You could lose your home and your money if you borrow from unscrupulous lenders who offer you a high-cost loan based on the equity you have in your home. Certain lenders target homeowners
Information for First-time Home Buyers An overview of the mortgage process, from application to closing. Derek Haley, Senior Loan Officer SunTrust Mortgage, Inc. 919.426.5023 Derek.Haley@SunTrust.com NMLSR#
More and more lenders are offering home equity lines of credit. By using the equity in your home, you may qualify for a sizable amount of credit, available for use when and how you please, at an interest
Mortgage Fraud Table of Contents Home Equity Scams Choosing a Loan Home Equity Dos Home Equity Don ts Reverse Mortgages Home Loan Law HOEPA Prevents For more information on Mortgage Fraud visit: You could
Words to Know When Buying a Home Adjustable mortgage interest rate: With an adjustable rate, both the interest rate and the mortgage payment vary, based on market conditions. Amortization: Length of time
HOMEPATH BUYERS GUIDE WWW.HOMEPATH.COM Buyers Guide Buyers Guide For a Fannie Mae-owned Home Whether you re buying your first home or your fifth, the experience can be exciting, confusing, overwhelming
In this packet... Introduction... 2 TDHCA s Homebuyer Assistance Options... 2 My First Texas Home (MFTH)... 2 Texas Mortgage Credit Certificate (MCC)... 2 Features of TDHCA s Homebuyer Assistance Programs...
Glossary of Foreclosure Fairness Mediation Terminology Adjustable-Rate Mortgage (ARM) Mortgage repaid at the rate of interest that increases or decreases over the life of the loan based on market conditions.