Saturday, November 18th - UEFA A course

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2 Saturday, November 18th - UEFA A course MATCH ANALYSIS AND FITNESS TRAINING IN FOOTBALL AEROBIC TRAINING IN FOOTBALL FITNESS TRAINING IN PRACTICE Hádegismatur ANAEROBIC TRAINING IN SOCCER PLANING OF TRAINING SUMMARY AND CONCLUSION

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4 External factors - temperature - humidity - altitude - field condition - nutrition Tactical Taktisk Psychological Psykisk / Social / Social Præstationsevne Performance Physical Fysisk Technical Teknisk Coordination Flexibility Sensorimotor Endurance performance High intensity exercise performance Sprint performance Force development Muscle architecture Internal factors - Sex - Age - Maturation - Anthropometery Aerobic performance Cardiovascular Respiratory system system Anaerobic performance Cardiovascular system Muscle strength Muscle characteristics Fiber pennation Fiber angle Blood volume Haemoglobin Myoglobin Capillaries Fiber type Myosin heavy chain Enzymes - aerobic - anaerobic Ionic transport system Morphology Aerobic training Anaerobic training Strength training

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7 High intensity running effect of level of competition Distance (m) * Top-class players (n = 18) Moderate level players (n = 20) * * * Time (min)

8 Top-class players perform more high intensity exercise during a game than moderate level professional players.

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10 Heart rate during a game for one player Peak heart rate: 184 b.p.m. 160 Heart rate (b.p.m.) First half Second half Time (min)

11 700 Muscle glycogen (mmol kg -1 d.w.) Before game After game

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13 Sprint performance during a game repeated sprint test (5x30 m) Time (s) 5,1 Before the game Intense period during first half Intense period during second half 5,0 4,9 4,8 4,7 # # # * # * # * 4,6 4,5 4, Number of sprint

14 The abilit y t o repeat edly perform high int ensit y ex erc ise is essent ial for a t op-c lass soc c er player. Fat igue oc c urs t em porary during and at t he end of a gam e There are large individual differenc es in physic al perform anc e during a gam e - The t raining should be spec ific t o t he ac t ivit ies during t he gam e

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20 Central capacity to pump out blood and thus oxygen to the working muscles CENTRAL -heart -lungs -hemoglobin -blood vol LOCAL -muscle mass -enzyme activity -fibre type -cappilaries -mitochondria Local ability of the muscles to utilize oxygen

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23 % 95% Heart rate (% of HR max) % 80% Time (min)

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28 Principles of speed endurance training

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34 Why use fitness performance tests? To study the effect of a training programme To motivate players to train harder To give players objective feedback To make players more aware of the objectives of training To evaluate whether a player is ready to play a competitive match To plan short- and long-term training programmes

35 O O 20 meter O 10 s rest o O 5 meter

36 Positional differences in the Yo-Yo intermittent recovery test performance Fig. 7b Yo-Yo test performance (m) # # Defenders Fullbacks Midfielders Attackers Playing postions

37 Seasonal changes in Yo-Yo intermittent recovery test performance Fig. 7a Seasonal changes in Yo-Yo test performance (m) * * * Pre preparation Mid preparation Start season End season

38 The Yo-Yo Intermittent Recovery test has a high reproducibility It can be used to evaluate seasonal changes in physical performance of players It can be used to evaluate physical capacity of players during matches A sub-maximal Yo-Yo test can be used for frequent, non-exhausting testing procedures It can be used to determine maximal heart rate

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41 Muscle temperature during a game effect of re-warming up C without rewarming up (n = 8) with rewarming up (n = 8) * half 2. half Time (min)

42 At the start of the second half reduced performance is related to lowered muscle temperature. The players should prepare physically for the second half.

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44 Focus on: the technical development - including functional technical training tactical development game related muscle strength development endurance and high intensity intermittent exercise performance development

45 October November Technical training individual

46 November January intensity Technical training with higher Tactical focus - individual

47 January February Technical training with high intensity individual/team Tactical focus team strategies

48 February-April Technical training with high intensity Tactical focus team strategies

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52 Focus on: the technical development - including functional technical training tactical development game related muscle strength development endurance and high intensity intermittent exercise performance development

53 October November Technical training individual Maintaining endurance capacity Strength training

54 November January Technical training with higher intensity Tactical focus - individual Improving endurance capacity Strength training Prevention training

55 January February Technical training with high intensity individual/team Tactical focus team strategies Improving endurance capacity High intensity aerobic training Strength training including functional training Prevention training

56 February-April Technical training with high intensity Tactical focus team strategies High intensity aerobic training Anaerobic training speed - speed endurance training Reduced strength training including functional strength training Prevention training

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59 TRAINING, TACTICS AND TESTING IN ELITE FOOTBALL By Jens Bangsbo

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