Optimising Sugarcane Trash Management for Biofuels Production in Australia and Brazil

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Optimising Sugarcane Trash Management for Biofuels Production in Australia and Brazil"

Transcription

1 Optimising Sugarcane Trash Management for Biofuels Production in Australia and Brazil L. CERQUEIRA 1, L.A. EDYE 2, M.K. WEGENER 3, F. SCARPARE 4 and M.A. RENOUF 5 1 Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, Australia 2 BioIndustry Partners, Gold Coast, Australia 3 University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia 4 CTBE, Campinas, Brazil 5 Life Cycle Strategies, Brisbane, Australia BioIndustry Partners

2 Sugar/Ethanol/Electricity Australia Sugar million tonnes 2 nd or 3 rd largest raw sugar supplier to world market Ethanol - 60 million litres Electricity ca. 1% market share Brazil Sugar - 35 million tonnes Ethanol - 21,700 million litres Electricity ca. 6% market share (?)

3 Whole crop harvesting potentially doubles surplus biomass but requires significant changes to the industry value chain and substantial investment

4 Agro-industrial sustainability criteria The greenhouse gas balance of the production chain is positive The biomass production is not at the expense of carbon sinks in existing vegetation and soil The biomass production does not endanger the food supply and existing local business activity (i.e. local supply of energy, medicines and building materials) The biomass production has no impact on biodiversity (protected or vulnerable biodiversity is not affected or if possible strengthened) Soil and soil quality are retained or improved Ground water and surface water are not depleted and water quality is maintained or improved Air quality is maintained or improved Enduring profitability that contributes to local prosperity and to the social wellbeing of employees and the local population. Framework Convention on Climate Change & the World Bank Carbon Fund

5 Billet cane 70% Trash (leaves & Tops) 23% Root stock 7% Trash impacts Soil moisture Soil nitrogen & carbon Erosion prevention Nitrous oxide emissions

6 Many layers to this issue Trash resource & agricultural practice Cane varieties & breeding programs Climate & soil types Mineral fertilizer amount & timing to offset trash removal Harvesting methods Whole cane w/w out compaction, second pass Intensification factor or average transport distance Processing options Separation of cane & trash or whole milling Crystalline sugar?, boiling schemes Energy efficiency Boiler pressures, electricity generation Products (other than sugar, conventional ethanol & electricity) Embodied emissions & energy of products versus petroleum based alternative Policy

7

8 Approach - Integrate APSim, process material balance model and SimaPro Tillage Crop Growth Simulation AP- Tractor Fuel use Environmental Impact Simulation (LCA) SIMAPro Climate data Rain fall Evaporation Temperature Fertiliser (N,P,K,S) Electricity Water Product: 100 T cane Land use change: Inputs from technosphere: Fuel Radiation Fertiliser GWP Soil Pesticides NRT Organic matter (N) Nitrification Bulk density Fertiliser (N) Irrigation Water Trash removal Cane yield Residue yield N Losses (C:N) Soil Carbon Water losses Emissions Air Emissions Water Emissions Soil Acidification Eutrification APSIM - Provide a means of predicting plant performance and crop yield beyond the bounds of experience and experimentations SimaPro - LCA tool to predict the environmental impacts across the entire life cycle of products from cradle to grave Farm Data FEAT (Economic Model )

9 Comparison of farming inputs Parameter Units Australia Brazil Energy inputs Diesel for tractors MJ/t Diesel for harvesting MJ/t Fertilizers and agricultural chemicals Urea (as N) kg/t Phosphate (as P 2 O 5 ) a kg/t Potassium chloride kg/t Limestone kg/t Pesticides active ingredients g/t Transport of cane to mill Rail t.km Road t.km Production of capital goods Tractor kg/t Harvester kg/t Other agricultural machinery kg/t a Diammonium phosphate in Australia, single superphosphate in Brazil

10 APSim outputs

11 APSim estimates of nitrous oxide emissions Reasonable agreement with field measurements Higher than predicted by other agricultural models Higher than values used in greenhouse gas accounting Thorburn et al N 2 O = 289 x GWP of CO 2 nothing to laugh about!

12 Sugar Biorefinery material balance Sugarcane Biorefinery Model Factory seperation of cane & trash Sugar Australia Tonnes Cane supplied % mass Tonnes Cane to mill Tonnes Juice Tonnes Raw sugar 55,988 Juice to sugar Sucrose 55,596 Tonnes of cane billets 1,000,000 Cane to mill 940,800 Sucrose 61,128 Water 280 Sucrose 135,000 Sucrose 125,582 Impurities 10,378 Impurity 112 Soluble impurities 22,629 Soluble impurities 21,229 Water 361,761 Molasses expor 50% Tonnes Fibre (db) 135,000 Fible (db) 125,874 Juice directly to ethanol Final Molasses Australia Tonnes Molasses 11,284 Ash 30,000 Ash 34,164 Sucrose 61,128 Molasses 22,568 Sucrose 2,766 Water ,371 Water 633,951 Impurities 10,378 Sucrose 5,532 Soluble impuities 5,133 Water 361,761 Soluble impurities 10,266 Water 3,385 Other fermentables 2,528 Delivered trash % mass Tonnes Trash to biorefinery Tonnes Bagasse Tonnes Water 6,770 Fibre 125,874 Bagasse & trash resourtonnes Tonnes of trash 90,000 Tonnes of trash 149,200 Water 125,874 Fibre 173,910 Sucrose 270 Sucrose 9,688 Sucrose 2,800 Water from sugar manufacture Tonnes Water 202,594 Soluble impurities 1,530 Soluble impurities 2,930 Soluble impurities 473 water 354,711 Sucrose 12,487 Ash 2,700 Ash 11,826 Ash 28,241 Soluble impurities 3,404 Fibre (db) 52,200 Fibre (db) 48,036 Ash 40,067 Water ,300 Water 76,720 Total biomass 432,462 Filter cake Tonnes Non-sucrose solids 6,058 Mill inputs Tonnes Sucrose 527 Water (from recycle) 235,200 Water 19,755 Enzymes (dextranase & amylase) 2.40 Nitrogen 5,43 Lime Phosphorus 2,63 Water to effluent treatment Tonnes Phosphate 0.00 Water 119,511 Heater cleaning Sucrose? Flocculent 3.58 Impurities? Antiscale 3.76 Antifoam 6.12 Ethanol from juice and/or molasstonnes Sucrose 63,894 Conventional ethanol Inp Tonnes non-fermentable Impurities 12,413 Ammonium Sulphate Total fermentables (as glucose equivqlents) 70,354 Diammonium Phosphate Stoichiometric ethanol yield 35,951 Sulphur Dioxide Actual ethanol yield 32,715 Sulfiric acid Actual CO 2 yield 31,253 Soda Yeast production (db) Chemicals Inorganic Water from juice and/or molasses 361,783 Chemicals Organic Water make up 0 Lime Yeast Conventional distillery outputs Hydrous ethanol (denatured?) Vinasse Nitrogen Phospherous Yeast cream Waste water Initially - bagasse & trash resource to ethanol or electricity. Advances biofuel based on data in the NREL Design report because it is both detailed and transparent. End game can you harvest trash to produce lignocellulosic ethanol or electricity & obtain favourable LCA outcomes?

13 Boundary System(LCA) Functional unit Tonnes of cane Cavalett et al. (2011) MJ fuel

14 Stationary power generation Australia Hydro electric % Wind % Biomass % Other % TOTAL RENEWABLE % Brazil Hydro electric - 82 % Biomass - 6 % Other -? TOTAL RENEWABLE - ca. 89 %

15 The future of the project OUTPUTS Field to wheel LCAs for conventional + advanced ethanol production in Australia & Brazil under a number of scenarios that include whole and partial trash harvesting CRITICAL FACTORS Water availability Apparent nitrogen use & timing of fertilizer application Energy mix Policy & cost of coal v oil PROBLE OUTCOMES In Australia whole cane harvesting may be sustainable but the best use for the biomass resource is likely to be electricity generation In Brazil whole cane harvesting will be sustainable and the best use for the biomass resource will be advanced biofuels production (or other products that replace petroleum based products)

FEAT Regional Scenarios

FEAT Regional Scenarios FEAT Regional Scenarios Major Parameter Information Sheet 2013? 2013 State of Queensland, 2013. The Queensland Government supports and encourages the dissemination and exchange of its information. The

More information

Municipal Solid Waste Used as Bioethanol Sources and its Related Environmental Impacts

Municipal Solid Waste Used as Bioethanol Sources and its Related Environmental Impacts International Journal of Soil, Sediment and Water Documenting the Cutting Edge of Environmental Stewardship Volume 1 Issue 1 Article 5 7-14-2008 Municipal Solid Waste Used as Bioethanol Sources and its

More information

GSB PROJECT. Latin American Vision The next 50 years SUSTAINABILITY: WATER USE, FERTILIZER, SOIL CARBON

GSB PROJECT. Latin American Vision The next 50 years SUSTAINABILITY: WATER USE, FERTILIZER, SOIL CARBON GSB PROJECT The Latin American Convention of the Global Sustainable Bioenergy Project 23 to 25 March 2010 Latin American Vision The next 50 years SUSTAINABILITY: WATER USE, FERTILIZER, SOIL CARBON Heitor

More information

Harvesting energy with fertilizers

Harvesting energy with fertilizers Harvesting energy with fertilizers Sustainable agriculture in Europe 1 Harvesting energy with fertilizers The reason for agriculture s existence is to supply energy to mankind. Agriculture converts solar

More information

LIFE CYCLE ASSESSMENT ON COTTON AND VISCOSE FIBRES FOR TEXTILE PRODUCTION

LIFE CYCLE ASSESSMENT ON COTTON AND VISCOSE FIBRES FOR TEXTILE PRODUCTION LIFE CYCLE ASSESSMENT ON COTTON AND VISCOSE FIBRES FOR TEXTILE PRODUCTION Janka Dibdiakova, Volkmar Timmermann Norwegian Forest and Landscape Institute (NFLI) Ås, Norway COST FP1205 Innovative applications

More information

Liquid Biofuels for Transport

Liquid Biofuels for Transport page 1/11 Scientific Facts on Liquid Biofuels for Transport Prospects, risks and opportunities Source document: FAO (2008) Summary & Details: GreenFacts Context - Serious questions are being raised about

More information

BIOBASED MATERIALS ISSUES AND CHALLENGES

BIOBASED MATERIALS ISSUES AND CHALLENGES BIOBASED MATERIALS ISSUES AND CHALLENGES Giovanni CAMINO Politecnico of Torino, Alessandria Campus giovanni.camino@polito.it CONTENTS Biosourcing definition and measurement Sustainability and Life Cycle

More information

Environmental Life Cycle Assessment Framework for Sukker Production (Raw Sugar Production)

Environmental Life Cycle Assessment Framework for Sukker Production (Raw Sugar Production) International Journal of Environmental Engineering and Management. ISSN 2231-1319, Volume 4, Number 5 (2013), pp. 499-506 Research India Publications http://www.ripublication.com/ ijeem.htm Environmental

More information

Where does the wine sector sit in terms of Australian climate policy and the global carbon market

Where does the wine sector sit in terms of Australian climate policy and the global carbon market Where does the wine sector sit in terms of Australian climate policy and the global carbon market The Carbon Farming Initiative and Emission Reduction Fund Geoff Cowey viticulture@awri.com.au The_AWRI

More information

Papapostolou 1, E. Kondili 1, J.K. Kaldellis 2

Papapostolou 1, E. Kondili 1, J.K. Kaldellis 2 Technological and Environmental Impacts Evaluation of Biomass and Biofuels Supply Chain Papapostolou 1, E. Kondili 1, J.K. Kaldellis 2 1 Optimisation of Production Systems Lab 2 Soft Energy Applications

More information

Groupwork CCS. Bio-Energy with CCS (BECCS) Platzhalter Logo/Schriftzug (Anpassung im Folienmaster: Menü «Ansicht» «Folienmaster»)

Groupwork CCS. Bio-Energy with CCS (BECCS) Platzhalter Logo/Schriftzug (Anpassung im Folienmaster: Menü «Ansicht» «Folienmaster») Groupwork CCS Bio-Energy with CCS (BECCS) group 5 02.05.2015 1 Content What is BECCS? Stakeholder Analysis Resources on Global scale SWOT analysis Climate BECCS Technology Conclusions Outlook group 5 02.05.2015

More information

The Macroalgae Biorefinery (MAB3) with Focus on Cultivation, Bioethanol Production, Fish Feed and Sustainability Assessment

The Macroalgae Biorefinery (MAB3) with Focus on Cultivation, Bioethanol Production, Fish Feed and Sustainability Assessment The Macroalgae Biorefinery (MAB3) with Focus on Cultivation, Bioethanol Production, Fish Feed and Sustainability Assessment Dr. Anne-Belinda Bjerre Xiaoru Hou, Annette Bruhn, Michael Bo Rasmussen, Mette

More information

Conclusions and Summary Report Environmental Life Cycle Assessment of Highway Guard Rail Posts

Conclusions and Summary Report Environmental Life Cycle Assessment of Highway Guard Rail Posts Conclusions and Summary Report Environmental Life Cycle Assessment of Highway Guard Rail Posts ISO 14044 Compliant Prepared by: AquAeTer, Inc. Treated Wood Council (2013) Conclusions and Summary Report

More information

Renewable energy in transport

Renewable energy in transport Renewable energy in transport Source: http://worldwideed.staradvertiserblogs.com/2009/11/23/fun-day-monday-free-transport-from-naia-airport World transport energy use is growing rapidly Source: IEA Energy

More information

Utilization of residues from agro-industry in The Philippines Dr.-Ing. Werner Siemers Energy System Analysis

Utilization of residues from agro-industry in The Philippines Dr.-Ing. Werner Siemers Energy System Analysis Bioenergie auf den Philippinen 26.01.2016, Frankfurt Utilization of residues from agro-industry in The Philippines Dr.-Ing. Werner Siemers Energy System Analysis Table of content! Introduction! Definition

More information

Biorefineries. International status quo and future directions. Ed de Jong / Rene van Ree

Biorefineries. International status quo and future directions. Ed de Jong / Rene van Ree Biorefineries International status quo and future directions Ed de Jong / Rene van Ree Contents 1. Biobased Economy 2. Biorefineries - Definition 3. Biorefineries - Categories 4. Biorefineries - Objective

More information

biodegradable raw materials and the products are recyclable after use.

biodegradable raw materials and the products are recyclable after use. Paper plays a vital role in human communications and people are using more paper than ever. Papermaking is essentially based on renewable and Paper plays a vital role in human communications. Paper products

More information

Physical flow accounts: principles and general concepts

Physical flow accounts: principles and general concepts Physical flow accounts: principles and general concepts Julian Chow United Nations Statistics Division 1 st Sub-Regional Course on SEEA 23-27 September 2013 Malaysia SEEA Conceptual Framework Outside territory

More information

Biomass Renewable Energy from Plants and Animals

Biomass Renewable Energy from Plants and Animals Renewable Biomass Biomass Basics Biomass Renewable Energy from Plants and Animals Biomass is organic material made from plants and animals. Biomass contains stored energy from the sun. Plants absorb the

More information

PRESENTATION 2 MAJOR ENVIRONMENTAL PROBLEMS

PRESENTATION 2 MAJOR ENVIRONMENTAL PROBLEMS UNEP GLOBAL JUDGES PROGRAMME APPLICATION OF ENVIRONMENTAL LAW BY NATIONAL COURTS AND TRIBUNALS PRESENTATION 2 MAJOR ENVIRONMENTAL PROBLEMS OUTLINE OF PRESENTATION A) Major environmental issues B) Responses

More information

Birmingham City University / Students Union Aspects and Impacts Register. Waste. Impacts description

Birmingham City University / Students Union Aspects and Impacts Register. Waste. Impacts description Birmingham City University / Students Union and Impacts Register Waste Production of non - hazardous waste Production of hazardous waste Storage of non - hazardous waste Potential for waste to be disposed

More information

Which of the following can be determined based on this model? The atmosphere is the only reservoir on Earth that can store carbon in any form. A.

Which of the following can be determined based on this model? The atmosphere is the only reservoir on Earth that can store carbon in any form. A. Earth s Cycles 1. Models are often used to explain scientific knowledge or experimental results. A model of the carbon cycle is shown below. Which of the following can be determined based on this model?

More information

x Amount of ammonia used for producing nitric acid (0.213 NH 3 /t AN + 6% efficiency loss)

x Amount of ammonia used for producing nitric acid (0.213 NH 3 /t AN + 6% efficiency loss) NOTE Date 2014-01-10 To Open information Issued by Yara HESQ/ Jan-Petter Fossum Calculation of Carbon Footprint of Fertilizer Production 1 Introduction This note documents the calculation methodology for

More information

Life Cycle Assessment of Three Water Scenarios: Importation, Reclamation, and Desalination

Life Cycle Assessment of Three Water Scenarios: Importation, Reclamation, and Desalination Life Cycle Assessment of Three Water Scenarios: Importation, Reclamation, and Desalination Erin Lyons, Peng Zhang, Troy Benn, Miles Costanza, Ke Li, John Crittenden Department of Civil and Environmental

More information

Status of the World s Soil Resources

Status of the World s Soil Resources 5 December 2015 Status of the World s Soil Resources The Intergovernmental Technical Panel on Soils (ITPS), the main scientific advisory body to the Global Soil Partnership (GSP) hosted by the Food and

More information

Brazilian work on GHG LCA of bioenergy in Brazil

Brazilian work on GHG LCA of bioenergy in Brazil Capacity Building Workshop on GHG LCA and Policy Applications Tokyo, Japan Brazilian work on GHG LCA of bioenergy in Brazil Joaquim E. A. Seabra Faculdade de Engenharia Mecânica Departamento de Energia

More information

TABLET DETERGENTS Towards A More Sustainable Future

TABLET DETERGENTS Towards A More Sustainable Future TABLET DETERGENTS Towards A More Sustainable Future Unilever Supports Sustainable Development of Detergents with Tablets THE CONTRIBUTION OF TABLETS Unilever is committed to meeting the needs of customers

More information

Forward. Contents. Bioenergy Development Plan

Forward. Contents. Bioenergy Development Plan Forward Energy supply security and reduction of greenhouse gas emission are important issues in the ASEAN region where bioenergy is realized as one of the highest potential renewable energies. Thailand

More information

The sunliquid process - cellulosic ethanol from agricultural residues. Dr. Markus Rarbach Group Biotechnology Biofuels & Derivatives

The sunliquid process - cellulosic ethanol from agricultural residues. Dr. Markus Rarbach Group Biotechnology Biofuels & Derivatives The sunliquid process - cellulosic ethanol from agricultural residues Dr. Markus Rarbach Group Biotechnology Biofuels & Derivatives 2 A globally leading company in specialty chemicals 6 116 235 4 Sales

More information

These calculations are on a hectare basis or for a given size of an experimental plot.

These calculations are on a hectare basis or for a given size of an experimental plot. Fertilizer Calibration Objective: The objective of this lesson is to help you to learn to convert a fertilizer recommendation to the required amounts per unit area. These calculations are on a hectare

More information

ARE BIOFUELS RENEWABLE ENERGY SOURCES?

ARE BIOFUELS RENEWABLE ENERGY SOURCES? ARE BIOFUELS RENEWABLE ENERGY SOURCES? Enrique Ortega; Otávio Cavalett; Consuelo Pereira; Feni Agostinho, John Storfer. Laboratory of Ecological Engineering, Food Engineering School, State University of

More information

Rainwater Harvesting

Rainwater Harvesting Rainwater Harvesting With climate change now a reality rather than a speculated possibility, the demand on water resources has gone up, whilst the amount of water available for supply has gone down. Forth

More information

Assignment 8: Comparison of gasification, pyrolysis and combustion

Assignment 8: Comparison of gasification, pyrolysis and combustion AALTO UNIVERSITY SCHOOL OF CHEMICAL TECHNOLOGY KE-40.4120 Introduction to biorefineries and biofuels Assignment 8: Comparison of gasification, pyrolysis and combustion Aino Siirala 309141 Assignment submitted

More information

Physical Environment. There are economic reasons for countries to cut down their rainforests.

Physical Environment. There are economic reasons for countries to cut down their rainforests. Tropical Rainforests Reasons for their Destruction Tropical Rainforests are found in the Amazon Basin of South America, (e.g. Brazil) Central Africa (e.g. Congo) and South East Asia (e.g. Indonesia). There

More information

From Biomass. NREL Leads the Way. to Biofuels

From Biomass. NREL Leads the Way. to Biofuels From Biomass NREL Leads the Way to Biofuels The Wide World of Biofuels Fuel Source Benefits Maturity Grain/Sugar Ethanol Biodiesel Corn, sorghum, and sugarcane Vegetable oils, fats, and greases Produces

More information

Scientific Research in Renewable Energy in Brazil

Scientific Research in Renewable Energy in Brazil Scientific Research in Renewable Energy in Brazil Marcos Buckeridge Department of Botany, University of São Paulo Brazilian Bioethanol Science and Technology Laboratory, CTBE, Campinas msbuck@usp.br BIOENERGY:

More information

- focus on green house gas emission

- focus on green house gas emission Life cycle assessment of milk at farm gate - focus on green house gas emission Troels Kristensen Institute of Agroecology Århus University, Denmark EAAP 2011 Stavanger Norway Session 7 Structure of the

More information

Amherst County Public Schools. AP Environmental Science Curriculum Pacing Guide. College Board AP Environmental Science Site

Amherst County Public Schools. AP Environmental Science Curriculum Pacing Guide. College Board AP Environmental Science Site Amherst County Public Schools AP Environmental Science Curriculum Pacing Guide College Board AP Environmental Science Site REV: 8/12 1 st 9 weeks AP Objectives Energy Resources and Consumption A. Energy

More information

Towards climate-smart agriculture

Towards climate-smart agriculture Towards climate-smart agriculture Background notes for the informal meeting of the Ministers of Agriculture Luxembourg, 15 September 2015 Table of contents Agricultural impact on climate change Climate

More information

DSM Position on Sustainable Biomass

DSM Position on Sustainable Biomass Corporate Public Affairs Het Overloon 1, 6411 TE Heerlen, the Netherlands www.dsm.com April 2012 DSM Position on Sustainable Biomass Key messages DSM is a leading Life Sciences and Materials Sciences company

More information

NEW ZEALAND S RESPONSE TO CLIMATE CHANGE

NEW ZEALAND S RESPONSE TO CLIMATE CHANGE NEW ZEALAND S RESPONSE TO CLIMATE CHANGE 1 NEW ZEALAND S RESPONSE TO CLIMATE CHANGE In simplifying this information, some detail has been omitted. For more complete information about climate change science

More information

The European Renewable Energy Directive and international Trade. Laurent Javaudin Delegation of the European Commission to the U.S.

The European Renewable Energy Directive and international Trade. Laurent Javaudin Delegation of the European Commission to the U.S. The European Renewable Energy Directive and international Trade Laurent Javaudin Delegation of the European Commission to the U.S. The European Union 27 Member States 490 million people 2 Outline The Present:

More information

Extracting Valuable Lignin for Biorefinary Production and Replacement of Fossil Fuels

Extracting Valuable Lignin for Biorefinary Production and Replacement of Fossil Fuels Extracting Valuable Lignin for Biorefinary Production and Replacement of Fossil Fuels Extrayendo valiosa lignina para Producción en Biorefinería y sustitución de Combustibles Fósiles Anders Larsson Martin

More information

Bio renewable Resources Platform. Ton Runneboom, Chairman

Bio renewable Resources Platform. Ton Runneboom, Chairman Bio renewable Resources Platform Ton Runneboom, Chairman Sustainable Economy A Bio-based Economy(BBE) is a subset of a sustainable economy UN definition for sustainable development: Development which meets

More information

SIX REASONS TO DRY BIOGAS To A LOW DEWPOINT BEFORE COMBUSTION IN A CHP ENGINE STEVEN SCOTT MARKET DEVELOPMENT MANAGER ALTERNATIVE ENERGIES

SIX REASONS TO DRY BIOGAS To A LOW DEWPOINT BEFORE COMBUSTION IN A CHP ENGINE STEVEN SCOTT MARKET DEVELOPMENT MANAGER ALTERNATIVE ENERGIES SIX REASONS TO DRY BIOGAS To A LOW DEWPOINT BEFORE COMBUSTION IN A CHP ENGINE STEVEN SCOTT MARKET DEVELOPMENT MANAGER ALTERNATIVE ENERGIES Filippo Turra Product Manager Cooling Technology INTRODUCTION

More information

New Energy Solutions from Biosciences: Research Activities at the Energy Biosciences Institute

New Energy Solutions from Biosciences: Research Activities at the Energy Biosciences Institute New Energy Solutions from Biosciences: Research Activities at the Energy Biosciences Institute BioRefine Annual Seminar November 2, 2011 Dr. Susan Jenkins, Managing Director The Energy Bioscience Institute

More information

The Sugarcane Industry : a sustainable source of renewable energy 30 JULY 2012

The Sugarcane Industry : a sustainable source of renewable energy 30 JULY 2012 The Sugarcane Industry : a sustainable source of renewable energy 30 JULY 2012 1 Presentation Outline Industry Location Contribution to the Economy Global Focus on Greener Technologies Global Competitiveness

More information

WHAT IS IN FERTILIZER OTHER THAN NUTRIENTS?

WHAT IS IN FERTILIZER OTHER THAN NUTRIENTS? WHAT IS IN FERTILIZER OTHER THAN NUTRIENTS? Raymond C. Ward Ward Laboratories Inc. Kearney, NE Commercial fertilizer is a source of plant nutrients that can be applied to soil to nourish crops when the

More information

PRESENTER: Yusuf Abdul General Manager- Technical Services. Guyana Sugar Corporation Inc. Ogle, East Coast Demerara GUYANA

PRESENTER: Yusuf Abdul General Manager- Technical Services. Guyana Sugar Corporation Inc. Ogle, East Coast Demerara GUYANA PRESENTER: Yusuf Abdul General Manager- Technical Services Ogle, East Coast Demerara GUYANA INTRODUCTION Guysuco estates have experienced a series of production issues associated with delivery and growth

More information

ANALYZING ENERGY. Time and Student Grouping Energy Source Analysis and Consequence Wheel: One class period. Grade Levels: 6-12

ANALYZING ENERGY. Time and Student Grouping Energy Source Analysis and Consequence Wheel: One class period. Grade Levels: 6-12 ANALYZING ENERGY Lesson Concepts: Students will analyze the advantages and disadvantages of nine different energy sources. They will use their knowledge to predict what would happen if the world did not

More information

FARMING FOR THE FUTURE How mineral fertilizers can feed the world and maintain its resources in an Integrated Farming System

FARMING FOR THE FUTURE How mineral fertilizers can feed the world and maintain its resources in an Integrated Farming System How mineral fertilizers can feed the world and maintain its resources in an Integrated Farming System european fertilizer manufacturers association Global trends in population growth (Population 1000 million),

More information

The economics of sugar mill waste management in the Australian Sugar Industry: Mill mud case study

The economics of sugar mill waste management in the Australian Sugar Industry: Mill mud case study The economics of sugar mill waste management in the Australian Sugar Industry: Mill mud case study M.E. Qureshi 1, M.K. Wegener 1,2 and T. Mallawaarachchi 1 1 CRC Sustainable Sugar Production, James Cook

More information

Lesson 6. BioMara gratefully acknowledges the following funders: Content Section - How Algae can be used to produce Biofuel.

Lesson 6. BioMara gratefully acknowledges the following funders: Content Section - How Algae can be used to produce Biofuel. Lesson 6 Content Section - How Algae can be used to produce Biofuel. From lesson 5 you have discovered that there are many uses for algae. You also have discovered that algae can be used to produce biofuels.

More information

A case study on multi-impact life cycle assessment of coffee alternatives

A case study on multi-impact life cycle assessment of coffee alternatives A case study on multi-impact life cycle assessment of coffee alternatives Sebastien Humbert*, Vincent Rossi, Manuele Margni, Olivier Jolliet, Carole Dubois, Jon Dettling, Yves Loerincik *sebastien.humbert@quantis-intl.com,

More information

Life cycle analysis of bread production a comparison of eight different options

Life cycle analysis of bread production a comparison of eight different options Life cycle analysis of bread production a comparison of eight different options G.A. Reinhardt, J. Braschkat, A. Patyk & M. Quirin ifeu Institute for Energy and Environmental Research Heidelberg 4 th International

More information

Cool Carpet - Clean Up the Emissions Around Us

Cool Carpet - Clean Up the Emissions Around Us Cool Carpet Carbon Neutral Modular Carpet Offsetting Offsetting the carbon we can t yet avoid Every organisation and individual has, like it or not, a carbon footprint. At Interface we have reduced our

More information

FAO Symposium on. The role of agricultural biotechnologies for production of bio-energy in developing countries"

FAO Symposium on. The role of agricultural biotechnologies for production of bio-energy in developing countries FAO Symposium on The role of agricultural biotechnologies for production of bio-energy in developing countries" ETHANOL PRODUCTION VIA ENZYMATIC HYDROLYSIS OF SUGAR-CANE BAGASSE AND STRAW Elba P. S. Bon

More information

Mobilizing agricultural crop residues for energy and higher value bio-products

Mobilizing agricultural crop residues for energy and higher value bio-products Mobilizing agricultural crop residues for energy and higher value bio-products Niclas Scott Bentsen 1, Patrick Lamers 2, Charles Lalonde 3, Maria Wellisch 4, Virginia H. Dale 5, Ian Bonner 2, Jacob Jacobson

More information

The economics of micro-algae production

The economics of micro-algae production The economics of micro-algae production and processing into biofuel December 2006 Thomas Schulz Research Economist Farming Systems, Department of Agriculture Western Australia Key Message The Research

More information

Alternative fuels. The way forward

Alternative fuels. The way forward Alternative fuels The way forward Contents Foreword Alternative fuels - an overview Different alternatives - with different prerequisites The five most promising fuels Energy efficiency Land use efficiency

More information

What are biofuels? Pocket K No. 24. Biotechnology for Green Energy: Biofuels

What are biofuels? Pocket K No. 24. Biotechnology for Green Energy: Biofuels Pocket K No. 24 Biotechnology for Green Energy: Biofuels What are biofuels? Biofuels are alternative fuels made from plant and plant-derived resources. Biofuels are used mainly for transportation. There

More information

U.S. SOYBEAN SUSTAINABILITY ASSURANCE PROTOCOL

U.S. SOYBEAN SUSTAINABILITY ASSURANCE PROTOCOL US SOYBEAN SUSTAINABILITY ASSURANCE PROTOCOL A Sustainability System That Delivers MARCH 2013 Since 1980, US farmers increased soy production by 96% while using 8% less energy US SOYBEAN SUSTAINABILITY

More information

Greenhouse gas emissions from direct combustion of various fuels (e.g. grain dryer)

Greenhouse gas emissions from direct combustion of various fuels (e.g. grain dryer) Greenhouse gas emissions from direct combustion of various fuels (e.g. grain dryer) The most significant greenhouse gas from direct combustion is carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) Large number of other compounds

More information

Process Technology. Advanced bioethanol production and renewable energy generation from ligno-cellulosic materials, biomass waste and residues

Process Technology. Advanced bioethanol production and renewable energy generation from ligno-cellulosic materials, biomass waste and residues Process Technology Advanced bioethanol production and renewable energy generation from ligno-cellulosic materials, biomass waste and residues The INEOS Bio process technology produces carbon-neutral bioethanol

More information

REPUBLIC OF TURKEY INTENDED NATIONALLY DETERMINED CONTRIBUTION

REPUBLIC OF TURKEY INTENDED NATIONALLY DETERMINED CONTRIBUTION REPUBLIC OF TURKEY INTENDED NATIONALLY DETERMINED CONTRIBUTION In accordance with decisions 1/CP.19 and 1/CP.20, the Republic of Turkey hereby presents its Intended Nationally Determined Contribution (INDC)

More information

Production of 2nd generation bioethanol from lucerne with optimized hydrothermal pretreatment

Production of 2nd generation bioethanol from lucerne with optimized hydrothermal pretreatment Downloaded from orbit.dtu.dk on: Feb 03, 2016 Production of 2nd generation bioethanol from lucerne with optimized hydrothermal pretreatment Thomsen, Sune Tjalfe; Ambye-Jensen, Morten; Schmidt, Jens Ejbye

More information

The BOMBARDIER* REGINA*

The BOMBARDIER* REGINA* TALENT 2 REGINA Intercity X55 Environmental Product Declaration Environmental Product Declaration The BOMBARDIER* REGINA* Intercity X55 train reflects our dedication to developing products and services

More information

ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES OF ENERGY SOURCES. Prepared by Sandra Vasa-Sideris, PhD, Southern Polytechnic State University, for use by students

ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES OF ENERGY SOURCES. Prepared by Sandra Vasa-Sideris, PhD, Southern Polytechnic State University, for use by students ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES OF ENERGY SOURCES Prepared by Sandra Vasa-Sideris, PhD, Southern Polytechnic State University, for use by students Questions to consider Where are the nonrenewable sources

More information

FUTURE CHALLENGES OF PROVIDING HIGH-QUALITY WATER - Vol. II - Environmental Impact of Food Production and Consumption - Palaniappa Krishnan

FUTURE CHALLENGES OF PROVIDING HIGH-QUALITY WATER - Vol. II - Environmental Impact of Food Production and Consumption - Palaniappa Krishnan ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT OF FOOD PRODUCTION AND CONSUMPTION Palaniappa Krishnan Bioresources Engineering Department, University of Delaware, USA Keywords: Soil organisms, soil fertility, water quality, solar

More information

AGRICULTURE FOR FOOD AND FOR BIOENEGY: IS IT POSSIBLE?

AGRICULTURE FOR FOOD AND FOR BIOENEGY: IS IT POSSIBLE? GLOBAL SUSTAINABLE BIOENERGY PROJECT AGRICULTURE FOR FOOD AND FOR BIOENEGY: IS IT POSSIBLE? Dr. Rodolfo Quintero-Ramírez March 24 th, 2010 Sao Paulo, Brazil ? FOOD ANIMAL FEED AGRICULTURE BIOENERGY BIOPRODUCTS

More information

The etuber - A Very High Yielding, Sustainable Feedstock for ABF Biofuels, Plastics and High Value Co-Products

The etuber - A Very High Yielding, Sustainable Feedstock for ABF Biofuels, Plastics and High Value Co-Products The etuber - A Very High Yielding, Sustainable Feedstock for ABF Biofuels, Plastics and High Value Co-Products CAREnergy of SC: Dr. Janice Ryan- Bohac, PhD BIO World Congress 2015 EE-Tuber Allows Expansion

More information

June 2015 From Nature to Green Energy

June 2015 From Nature to Green Energy Business Overview: 2015Q2 Performance June 2015 Fully Integrated Sugar & Energy Company Note : Conversion Ratio 1 ton of Sugar Cane = 105 kg of sugar + 45 kg of Molasses + 50 kg of Filter Cake + 295 kg

More information

The Development of the 500MW Co-firing facility at Drax Power Station

The Development of the 500MW Co-firing facility at Drax Power Station The Development of the 500MW Co-firing facility at Drax Power Station Nigel Burdett - Head Of Environment November 2010 Drax: Unique Asset in UK Generation Mix Drax Power Station is owned by Drax Group

More information

Efficient forest biomass supply chain for biorefineries A project for cross border cooperation

Efficient forest biomass supply chain for biorefineries A project for cross border cooperation Forest Refine Efficient forest biomass supply chain for biorefineries A project for cross border cooperation HighBio 2 Seminar Luleå 16 Jan Magnus Matisons BioFuel Region Project Manager Forest Refine

More information

Carbon footprinting on farms

Carbon footprinting on farms Carbon footprinting on farms Information sheet Soil Association Producer Support South Plaza, Marlborough Street, Bristol, BS1 3NX T 0117 914 2400 F 0117 314 5001 E producer.support@soilassociation.org

More information

Introduction to Biofuel

Introduction to Biofuel Introduction to Biofuel April 30, 2009 EEP 142 Presented By: Nan Shi Doris Chen Yu Hui (Becky) Li Songxu (Daniel) Wu The Green Energy Economy Is the Future To describe what s needed to wean the country

More information

Life Cycle Assessment of Swiss Chocolate

Life Cycle Assessment of Swiss Chocolate Life Cycle Assessment of Swiss Chocolate Niels Jungbluth, Alex König, ESU-services Ltd, Zürich SETAC Europe 24th Annual Meeting Bale, 15 th May 2014 E S U Key questions What are the differences between

More information

Delivering the UK s renewable heat objectives through wood fuel

Delivering the UK s renewable heat objectives through wood fuel Delivering the UK s renewable heat objectives through wood fuel Sustainability Position Paper March 2014 Executive Summary Renewable energy from wood fuel has major potential as a sustainable and efficient

More information

Cultivation of seaweed biomass for nutrients and energy

Cultivation of seaweed biomass for nutrients and energy Marine Ingredients Conference, Oslo 23-24.September 2013 Cultivation of seaweed biomass for nutrients and energy Jorunn Skjermo, Silje Forbord, Ole Jacob Broch, Kjell Inge Reitan, Roar Solbakken, Kristine

More information

Using Straw and MSW for Biorefineries in Denmark Technical Developments and Demonstration Activities

Using Straw and MSW for Biorefineries in Denmark Technical Developments and Demonstration Activities FACULTY OF SCIENCE Using Straw and MSW for Biorefineries in Denmark Technical Developments and Demonstration Activities Henning Jørgensen Department of Geosciences and Nature Ressource Management Faculty

More information

Natural Gas and the U.S. Fertilizer Industry

Natural Gas and the U.S. Fertilizer Industry Natural Gas and the U.S. Fertilizer Industry Harry Vroomen Vice President, Economic Services The Fertilizer Institute July 15, 2010 www.tfi.org Outline of Presentation Brief Intro on Fertilizer Focus on

More information

Biogas as transportation fuel

Biogas as transportation fuel Biogas as transportation fuel Summary Biogas is used as transportation fuel in a number of countries, but in Europe it has only reached a major breakthrough in Sweden. All of the biogas plants in Sweden

More information

Which floret of broccoli would you choose?

Which floret of broccoli would you choose? Which floret of broccoli would you choose? Thomas Angervall Britta Florén Friederike Ziegler November 2006 A study carried out by SIK for the Stockholm Consumer Co-operative Society. For more information:

More information

FACTS ABOUT CLIMATE CHANGE

FACTS ABOUT CLIMATE CHANGE FACTS ABOUT CLIMATE CHANGE 1. What is climate change? Climate change is a long-term shift in the climate of a specific location, region or planet. The shift is measured by changes in features associated

More information

The facts on biodiesel and bioethanol

The facts on biodiesel and bioethanol Renewable biofuels for transport The facts on biodiesel and bioethanol BABFO BRITISH ASSOCIATION FOR BIO FUELS AND OILS RECYCLING CARBON Sustainable development is a key priority for Defra, by which we

More information

Steps 1 to 10 to achieving a Green Supply Chain A Case Study of EarthPositive Apparel

Steps 1 to 10 to achieving a Green Supply Chain A Case Study of EarthPositive Apparel Steps 1 to 10 to achieving a Green Supply Chain A Case Study of EarthPositive Apparel Presented by Philip Charles Gamett, Continental Clothing Company Ltd at the Ethical Corporation: The Green Supply Chain

More information

Molasses Based Ethanol / Rectified Spirit Plant. Molasses Based Fuel Ethanol (Bio-Fuel) Plant

Molasses Based Ethanol / Rectified Spirit Plant. Molasses Based Fuel Ethanol (Bio-Fuel) Plant Sector Agro and Food Processing Sub - sector Agro Processing Industry Project No. AF-34 Project Title Molasses Based Fuel Ethanol (Bio-Fuel) Plant Project Description The proposed project envisages setting

More information

Energy Options in a Carbon Constrained World. Martin Sevior, School of Physics, University of Melbourne http://nuclearinfo.net

Energy Options in a Carbon Constrained World. Martin Sevior, School of Physics, University of Melbourne http://nuclearinfo.net Energy Options in a Carbon Constrained World. Martin Sevior, School of Physics, University of Melbourne Energy underpins our Civilization Imagine one week without Electricity Imagine one week without Motorized

More information

A clean energy solution from cradle to grave

A clean energy solution from cradle to grave Environmental Product Declaration A clean energy solution from cradle to grave Offshore wind power plant employing SWT-6.0-154 siemens.com / wind 2 Assessing the performance of a wind power plant The environmental

More information

TWO NEW MUST-HAVE RESEARCH REPORTS ON THE RENEWABLE ENERGY SECTOR

TWO NEW MUST-HAVE RESEARCH REPORTS ON THE RENEWABLE ENERGY SECTOR TWO NEW MUST-HAVE RESEARCH REPORTS ON THE RENEWABLE ENERGY SECTOR A) Renewable Energy Development in India 2009 B) Biofuels in India (For details, see overleaf) Two New Reports on Renewable Energy and

More information

Using a Life Cycle Assessment Approach to Estimate the Net Greenhouse Gas Emissions of Bioenergy

Using a Life Cycle Assessment Approach to Estimate the Net Greenhouse Gas Emissions of Bioenergy This strategic report was prepared by Mr Neil Bird, Joanneum Research, Austria; Professor Annette Cowie, The National Centre for Rural Greenhouse Gas Research, Australia; Dr Francesco Cherubini, Norwegian

More information

Environmental impacts of agricultural practices

Environmental impacts of agricultural practices Environmental impacts of agricultural practices Dr. Rainer Oppermann Institute of Agroecology and Biodiversity (IFAB) EEB Conference on 30. November 2010 in Brussels: Reforming the CAP: Greener, better,

More information

A REVIEW ON SECOND GENERATION BIOFUEL: A COMPARISON OF ITS CARBON FOOTPRINTS ABSTRACT

A REVIEW ON SECOND GENERATION BIOFUEL: A COMPARISON OF ITS CARBON FOOTPRINTS ABSTRACT A REVIEW ON SECOND GENERATION BIOFUEL: A COMPARISON OF ITS CARBON FOOTPRINTS B. K. Highina, I. M. Bugaje Department of Chemical Engineering University of Maiduguri, Borno State, NIGERIA & B. Umar Department

More information

February 24 2010 Biogas as a grid stabilising power source

February 24 2010 Biogas as a grid stabilising power source Biogas as a grid stabilising power source By Bruno Sander Nielsen Joint biogas plants Farm scale biogas plants Consultants Energy sector Sub-suppliers Secretariat: Chairman: N.J. Pedersen Secr.: Bruno

More information

CleanMetrics TM. FoodCarbonScope. Product Technical Brief. CleanMetrics Corp. October 2011. Copyright 2011 by CleanMetrics Corp. All rights reserved.

CleanMetrics TM. FoodCarbonScope. Product Technical Brief. CleanMetrics Corp. October 2011. Copyright 2011 by CleanMetrics Corp. All rights reserved. FoodCarbonScope Product Technical Brief CleanMetrics Corp. October 2011 Copyright 2011 by CleanMetrics Corp. All rights reserved. Contents What is FoodCarbonScope?... 3 Who is it for?... 3 Applications...

More information

Eco-efficiency Analysis. Animal Nutrition

Eco-efficiency Analysis. Animal Nutrition Eco-efficiency Analysis Animal Nutrition Eco-efficiency Analysis > Considering the environmental impact Without doubt we are operating in a fast-moving world in which established positions are repeatedly

More information

Energy Calculator Tools on the Web

Energy Calculator Tools on the Web Energy Calculator Tools on the Web Equivalency Calculators... 1 EPA GHG Equivalency Calculator... 1 American Forests Personal/Household Carbon Footprint Calc in Tree Equivalents... 1 Personal Emission

More information

RESOURCE EFFICIENCY SCOREBOARD DATA CENTRE ON NATURAL RESOURCES

RESOURCE EFFICIENCY SCOREBOARD DATA CENTRE ON NATURAL RESOURCES RESOURCE EFFICIENCY SCOREBOARD DATA CENTRE ON NATURAL RESOURCES NETGREEN thematic policy workshop 'Maximizing resource efficiency throughout the EU economy' 11 March 2015, CEPS, Brussels Evi Ford-Alexandraki

More information

The IMES Master Programme

The IMES Master Programme The IMES Master Programme The IMES Master Programme is built to reach the main goal of the Master, which is to provide to the students the professional skills required for private or public entities undertaking

More information

NEW ZEALAND S GREENHOUSE GAS INVENTORY & NET POSITION REPORT 1990 2012

NEW ZEALAND S GREENHOUSE GAS INVENTORY & NET POSITION REPORT 1990 2012 SNAPSHOT APRIL 2014 NEW ZEALAND S GREENHOUSE GAS INVENTORY & NET POSITION REPORT 1990 2012 Key points: In 2012, New Zealand s total greenhouse gas emissions were 76.0 million tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent

More information