1 Jesus- Rich or Poor? Prophet or Messiah? How we see Jesus determines how we see ourselves. How we see Jesus determines how much power we walk in. How we see Jesus determines how much prosperity we flow in! First a little back ground to Jesus. Jesus grew up in Nazareth, which is in Galilee, and lived there with- Joseph and Mary, his father and mother and his 4 brothers and 2 sisters. Matthew 13: Isn t this the carpenter s son? Isn t his mother s name Mary, and aren t his brothers James, Joseph, Simon and Judas? 56 Aren t all his sisters with us? So we know that Jesus had four brothers: James, Joseph, Simon and Judas, and at least two sisters,(scriptures are unclear as to how many sisters he actually had, hence the word sisters which is plural, meaning more then one but at-least two). Did you know that even Jesus own brothers didn't believe in him, or His power! Lets read about how Jesus own brothers were taunting him because they did not believe he was the Messiah, the Son of God. read John 7:1-44 NIV
2 Jesus Goes to the Festival of Tabernacles 7 After this, Jesus went around in Galilee. He did not want to go about in Judea because the Jewish leaders there were looking for a way to kill him. 2 But when the Jewish Festival of Tabernacles was near, 3 Jesus brothers said to him, Leave Galilee and go to Judea, so that your disciples there may see the works you do. 4 No one who wants to become a public figure acts in secret. Since you are doing these things, show yourself to the world. 5 For even his own brothers did not believe in him. 6 Therefore Jesus told them, My time is not yet here; for you any time will do. 7 The world cannot hate you, but it hates me because I testify that its works are evil. 8 You go to the festival. I am not going up to this festival, because my time has not yet fully come. 9 After he had said this, he stayed in Galilee. 10 However, after his brothers had left for the festival, he went also, not publicly, but in secret. 11 Now at the festival the Jewish leaders were watching for Jesus and asking, Where is he? 12 Among the crowds there was widespread whispering about him. Some said, He is a good man. Others replied, No, he deceives the people. 13 But no one would say anything publicly about him for fear of the leaders. Jesus Teaches at the Festival 14 Not until halfway through the festival did Jesus go up to the temple courts and begin to teach. 15 The Jews there were amazed and asked, How did this man get such learning without having been taught? 16 Jesus answered, My teaching is not my own. It comes from the one who sent me. 17 Anyone who chooses to do the will of God will find out whether my teaching comes from God or whether I speak on my own. 18 Whoever speaks on their own does so to gain personal glory, but he who seeks the glory of the one who sent him is a man of truth; there is nothing false about him. 19 Has not Moses given you the law? Yet not one of you keeps the law. Why are you trying to kill me?
3 20 You are demon-possessed, the crowd answered. Who is trying to kill you? 21 Jesus said to them, I did one miracle, and you are all amazed. 22 Yet, because Moses gave you circumcision (though actually it did not come from Moses, but from the patriarchs), you circumcise a boy on the Sabbath. 23 Now if a boy can be circumcised on the Sabbath so that the law of Moses may not be broken, why are you angry with me for healing a man s whole body on the Sabbath? 24 Stop judging by mere appearances, but instead judge correctly. Division Over Who Jesus Is 25 At that point some of the people of Jerusalem began to ask, Isn t this the man they are trying to kill? 26 Here he is, speaking publicly, and they are not saying a word to him. Have the authorities really concluded that he is the Messiah? 27 But we know where this man is from; when the Messiah comes, no one will know where he is from. 28 Then Jesus, still teaching in the temple courts, cried out, Yes, you know me, and you know where I am from. I am not here on my own authority, but he who sent me is true. You do not know him, 29 but I know him because I am from him and he sent me. 30 At this they tried to seize him, but no one laid a hand on him, because his hour had not yet come. 31 Still, many in the crowd believed in him. They said, When the Messiah comes, will he perform more signs than this man? 32 The Pharisees heard the crowd whispering such things about him. Then the chief priests and the Pharisees sent temple guards to arrest him. 33 Jesus said, I am with you for only a short time, and then I am going to the one who sent me. 34 You will look for me, but you will not find me; and where I am, you cannot come. 35 The Jews said to one another, Where does this man intend to go that we cannot find him? Will he go where our people live scattered among the Greeks, and teach the Greeks? 36 What did
4 he mean when he said, You will look for me, but you will not find me, and Where I am, you cannot come? 37 On the last and greatest day of the festival, Jesus stood and said in a loud voice, Let anyone who is thirsty come to me and drink. 38 Whoever believes in me, as Scripture has said, rivers of living water will flow from within them. 39 By this he meant the Spirit, whom those who believed in him were later to receive. Up to that time the Spirit had not been given, since Jesus had not yet been glorified. 40 On hearing his words, some of the people said, Surely this man is the Prophet. 41 Others said, He is the Messiah. Still others asked, How can the Messiah come from Galilee? 42 Does not Scripture say that the Messiah will come from David s descendants and from Bethlehem, the town where David lived? 43 Thus the people were divided because of Jesus. 44 Some wanted to seize him, but no one laid a hand on him. I read all of this to show you it is possible to not know who Jesus really is! So, how do you see Jesus? As a prophet or as the Messiah? Prophet= a person who receives messages from God to tell to his people, one whom is called by God to speak for him. Messiah= (Hebrew)- The Anointed One ; (Greek) Christ, Godgiven Redeemer of His people and the church s Lord; The anointed One means = given the power from God to do anything, according to His will, in his name! Another really important question that always comes up, is Was Jesus Poor? You see, this is a valid question and needs to be answered because if you think in your heart that Jesus was poor(meaning without money) then you will never be able to see
5 your self prosperous! If your Lord is in poverty then you as his follower will also be in poverty! But did you know that Jesus owed a home his own home in Capernium, which was his also his base of operations. There isn't definitive scriptures in the Bible, which reveals this, however I will show you scriptures that leads one to that conclusion, so you may deduce here that Jesus was a home owner. Understanding that Jesus owned a home is not as weighty a matter as understanding the Trinity, but it's still relatively important because people base their doctrines on what they believe about Jesus. If they view Jesus as a homeless beggar, they are going to imitate him by becoming monks and taking vows of poverty. They will be begging for bread from the producers in society, and at the same time condemning those producers for not being as holy as they are. But if they believe just the opposite, then their whole outlook on Christianity is changed. ~~~~ There is only one scripture in the Bible that suggests Jesus might have been homeless, thats recorded in Matthew 8:20 and Luke 9:58. Luke 9: As the time approached for him to be taken up to heaven, Jesus resolutely set out for Jerusalem. 52 And he sent messengers on ahead, who went into a Samaritan village to get things ready for him; 53 but the people there did not welcome him, because he was heading for Jerusalem. 54 When the disciples James and John saw this, they asked, Lord, do you want us to call fire down from heaven to destroy them? 55 But Jesus turned and rebuked them. 56 Then he and his disciples went to another village.
6 57 As they were walking along the road, a man said to him, I will follow you wherever you go. 58 Jesus replied, Foxes have dens and birds have nests, but the Son of Man has no place to lay his head. Jesus was on his way to Jerusalem to be crucified (verse 51). He would never again see his home and friends in Capernaum. He came to a town in Samaria and they turned him away. Jesus had no place to go but to sleep in a field or find another village to take him in. At that time, an important man, a teacher of the law (Matthew 8:19), said "I will follow you." Jesus replied, "The Son of Man has no place to lay his head." This should not be taken to mean homelessness was Jesus' lifestyle. It only means on that day Jesus had no where to sleep, He was out doing his ministry, going from town to town preaching and healing the sick. Other than that verse, there is nothing in the Bible to suggest Jesus was homeless. It would be just as valid for me to say, "Prove Jesus was homelsess," as for you to say, "Prove Jesus owned a house." Much of what we think in religion comes from tradition and not from the Bible. That's nothing new. Jesus frequently reminded the Pharisees that his doctrine was from the Scripture and they were the ones who follow their traditions, which by-the-way, were not from God nor from the Scriptures. In like manner, many Christians cling to tradition and church doctrine more than Scripture, and they suffer the same judgmental spirit that the Pharisees suffered. Believing Jesus was homeless is one of those traditions not found in the Bible. The Fact Jesus grew up in Nazareth and moved from there, where his mother and brothers and sisters lived, to Capernaum, which became his base of operation, as recorded in Matthew 4:13&17,
7 Matthew 4:13-17 (NIV) 13 Leaving Nazareth, he went and lived in Capernaum, which was by the lake in the area of Zebulun and Naphtali 14 to fulfill what was said through the prophet Isaiah: 15 Land of Zebulun and land of Naphtali, the Way of the Sea, beyond the Jordan, Galilee of the Gentiles 16 the people living in darkness have seen a great light; on those living in the land of the shadow of death a light has dawned. [a] 17 From that time on Jesus began to preach, Repent, for the kingdom of heaven has come near. To show that Jesus had a home in Capernaum, we read Mark 2:1, A few days later, when Jesus again entered Capernaum, the people heard that he had come home. The Greek word for "home" is oikos, it literally means; a house, home,dwelling, place of abode. The words used in the Greek had come home literally means he came to his home, his house It can not be translated that Jesus was at his "hometown" because the Greek for hometown is patris. And besides, Nazareth was his hometown. This word used here is oikon, "home," an individual dwelling place, his house. That Greek phrase, eis oikon estin in Mark 2:1 has been translated variously as: King James & New KJ Version he was in the house
8 (not "a" house but "the" house.) New International Version he had come home New Revised Standard Version and many others he was at home ~~~~ There are many other facts and scriptures that show - it is reasonable to think Jesus would have had a house, and therefor had wealth. Here are some facts! It's unreasonable to think Jesus was homeless. Jesus moved from Nazareth to Capernaum. To think that Jesus was homeless in Nazareth and moved to homelessness in Capernaum is ludacrous. Does a homeless person get respect? NO! Would Jesus have been invited to speak in the synagogue on the Sabbath if he was homeless? NO! And yet, Jesus was respected and invited to speak in them. Jesus was a carpenter ("builder"). Do you think he built things on the streets where he was living? Or was he at his home, with a work shop? Do you think Jesus practiced and taught people to be beggars, living off the labor and sustenance of non-believers who had homes? Believers are the children of God, the children of a great king! How dare any of us live in poverty, unless we are specifically foolish with the things God has given to us. Jesus supported his mother When hanging on the cross, Jesus delivered his mother to the apostle John to care for her. John 19:25-27 Near the cross of Jesus stood his mother... When Jesus saw his mother there, and the disciple whom he loved standing
9 nearby, he said to his mother, Dear woman, here is your son, and to the disciple, Here is your mother. From that time on, this disciple took her into his home. Mary had five sons and two daughters. Jesus was her oldest son, and as such with customs, it fell on him to care for his mother after his father died. If Jesus was a homeless beggar, why didn't one of Mary s other sons take her in? Why would she be living in the dirt with Jesus? And besides, if John was Jesus' apostle, why wasn't he homeless, too? How could he have taken Mary into his home if he was homeless? Wealthy People Supported Jesus Luke 8:1-3 After this, Jesus traveled about from one town and village to another, proclaiming the good news of the kingdom of God. The Twelve were with him, and also some women who had been cured of evil spirits and diseases: Mary (called Magdalene) from whom seven demons had come out; Joanna the wife of Cuza, the manager of Herod s household; Susanna; and many others. These women were helping to support them out of their own means. In this particular story, these people were on the road at that time. It may not be hard for a person or family to give a solitary beggar food, but to provide for thirteen beggars, three women, "and many others" is quite another matter. Who would be able or willing to do that? These people traveling from village to village were funded. They could pay their own way, purchase their own lodgings and food. Besides, why would Joanna, the wife of Cuza, the manager of Herod's (the king) household, be allowed to travel as a beggar? Wouldn't that embarrass not only Cuza but the king himself?
10 If these people, men and women together, had no homes and were sleeping in their fields, there would have arisen accusations of immorality from the Jewish leaders. Yet nowhere in the Bible does anyone raise a question of general immortality among Jesus' followers. They were paying their own way; they were not homeless. Jesus Taught In The Fields, Not Lived In Them. Thousands of people followed Jesus. When he fed five thousand, he was in the fields, outside the city. When he taught the Sermon on the Mount, he was in the fields, not in the city. That was because the small cities could not accommodate such a large crowd. Small towns had no place for lodging or general meetings for so large a group. The fields and along the beach were the only place where Jesus could teach his followers. Marriage in Cana John 2:1-8 2 On the third day a wedding took place at Cana in Galilee. Jesus mother was there, 2 and Jesus and his disciples had also been invited to the wedding. 3 When the wine was gone, Jesus mother said to him, They have no more wine. 4 Woman, why do you involve me? Jesus replied. My hour has not yet come. 5 His mother said to the servants, Do whatever he tells you. 6 Nearby stood six stone water jars, the kind used by the Jews for ceremonial washing, each holding from twenty to thirty gallons. 7 Jesus said to the servants, Fill the jars with water ; so they filled them to the brim. 8 Then he told them, Now draw some out and take it to the master of the banquet. They did so,
11 The wedding described here is lavish. After all the wine had been drank, Jesus created 150 more gallons of choice wine(6 jars 25 gallons each= 150 gallons). Many people were invited from miles away. Mary came from Nazareth, she was there, Jesus and his disciples were also invited and it took them 3 days to get there. Stop and think about that for a minute. Do you think that was typical of weddings in Galilee? Do you think every poor person gave such a lavish wedding? Not at all! The general marriage custom was for a woman to move into the man's house, and that was it, that was the marriage ceremony. Only wealthy people gave lavish wedding ceremonies, just as it is today. Mary and Jesus must have been close friends of these wealthy people. Otherwise, why would a wealthy person invite a poor, destitute woman from a village 37 miles away? Why would wealthy people invite Jesus and his disciples, especially if they were homeless and poor? And what gave Mary the right to command the servants to do anything, unless she had the authority to do so? Because of the marriage ceremony in Cana it is unreasonable to think that Mary or Jesus were poor, homeless and living on the streets. The Apostle John Was Known Among the Elite in Jerusalem John 18:15-16 Peter s First Denial 15 Simon Peter and another disciple were following Jesus. Because this disciple was known to the high priest, he went with Jesus into the high priest s courtyard, 16 but Peter had to wait outside at the door. The other disciple, who was known to the high priest, came back, spoke to the servant girl on duty there and brought Peter in.
12 There was more than one high priest; that is why they took turns doing priestly duties at the temple. The "other" disciple (John) was known to the high priest. Apparently he was so well known that even the girl attending the gate listened to him and did what he said. Do you think the high priest or anyone in the ruling elite would give respect and credence to a poor, homeless, trouble maker? That is coupled with the fact that John had his own house, as we saw earlier when he took in Jesus' mother. Feeding the Five Thousand Mark 6: By this time it was late in the day, so his disciples came to him. This is a remote place, they said, and it s already very late. 36 Send the people away so that they can go to the surrounding countryside and villages and buy themselves something to eat. 37 But he answered, You give them something to eat. They said to him, That would take more than half a year s wages! Are we to go and spend that much on bread and give it to them to eat? 38 How many loaves do you have? he asked. Go and see. When they found out, they said, Five and two fish. 200 denarii is six months of wages or a year's wages some translations say. What does that translate to us? If our average American wage is $30,000 (US), then 8-12 month's wages is $20,000 - $30,000. Why did the disciple say "200 denarii"? Why not 100 denarii? Why not one million denarii? Why did he select 200 denarii as the price not enough to feed so many people?
13 There is one reasonable explanation. 200 denarii was the amount of money they had in the bag, in the treasury. After Jesus had told them to feed the five thousand, the disciple said there's not enough money in the bag to feed them. They only had 200 denarii ($25,000), and that was not enough (average of $5.00 per person times 5000 people= $25,000). Jesus and the disciples had money enough for their ministry. They were funded. They paid their own way. They paid their own lodgings. They had their own homes in their home towns, which they went to between speaking engagements, which took place in the field. Jesus had a treasurer- Judas John 13: But no one at the meal understood why Jesus said this to him. 29 Since Judas had charge of the money, some thought Jesus was telling him to buy what was needed for the festival, or to give something to the poor. Jesus had so much money that he needed a treasurer: The New Testament describes Judas as the treasurer for Jesus disciples. Why would a band of 12 men need a treasurer if they didn t have some treasures, you need a treasurer when you have surplus. Jesus wore expensive cloths John 19:23-24New International Version (NIV) 23 When the soldiers crucified Jesus, they took his clothes, dividing them into four shares, one for each of them, with the undergarment remaining. This garment was seamless, woven in one piece from top to bottom.
14 24 Let s not tear it, they said to one another. Let s decide by lot who will get it. This happened that the scripture might be fulfilled that said, They divided my clothes among them and cast lots for my garment. Jesus wore expensive clothes, that the Roman soldiers who crucified Jesus are depicted gambling for his seamless undergarment. Jesus wore garments that were a nobleman s garments. If his clothes were a poor man s clothes, why would centurions gamble for it? The wise men from the East made Jesus wealthy at his birth Matthew 2:11 11 On coming to the house, they saw the child with his mother Mary, and they bowed down and worshiped him. Then they opened their treasures and presented him with gifts of gold, frankincense and myrrh. In closing, I believe that through scripture, and the customs of the time the bible was written, that Jesus was not poor, nor Homeless. I believe that He was so humbled that He was blessed in all areas of His life and is our example of how to live a healthy Christian lifestyle! Not poor, not homeless, not as a beggar, but to be at peace, with wisdom- to do whatever and go wherever God leads you! Paul says in Philippians 4:12 12 I know what it is to be in need, and I know what it is to have plenty. I have learned the secret of being content in any and
15 every situation, whether well fed or hungry, whether living in plenty or in want.