This information is for you if you are worried that you might be depressed.

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "This information is for you if you are worried that you might be depressed."

Transcription

1 Published on Epilepsy Action ( Page generated on 20/05/2014 Epilepsy and depression In this section Introduction About depression Causes of depression Epilepsy and depression Seizures and depression Epilepsy medicines and depression Treatments for depression Anti-depressant medicines for depression Managing epilepsy and depression Organisations for information and support Introduction Depression is common. It affects nearly one in six people in the UK. Anyone can experience depression. However, many studies show that it is more common if you have a long-term health condition like epilepsy. There is also some research which suggests that depression increases the risk of developing epilepsy. Everybody feels down from time to time and this is quite normal. If you have been feeling low for a long time, and this is affecting your daily life, you may be experiencing depression. Depression may also cause people to be more anxious, to have a short fuse or to develop problems with their memory. This information is for you if you are worried that you might be depressed. About depression We might feel unhappy from time to time with the normal ups and downs of life. Sometimes the things that happen in our day-to-day lives can make us feel fed up, worried or distressed. This is not the same as having depression. Depression becomes a medical problem when it gets in the way of your dayto-day life. The feelings usually last for several weeks, or they keep coming back.

2 Depression can show up in different ways. Because symptoms of depression can appear to be physical rather than emotional, they can be missed or put down to something else. When you are depressed you will probably have at least five or six of the symptoms below. Feeling unhappy most of the time (but may feel a little better in the evenings) Loss of interest in life and can't enjoy anything Finding it harder to make decisions Being unable to cope with things that you used to Feeling tired Feeling restless and agitated Loss of appetite and weight (some people find they do the opposite and gain weight) Taking longer to get to sleep, and then wake up earlier than usual Loss of interest in sex Loss of self-confidence Feeling useless, inadequate and hopeless Avoiding other people Feeling irritable Feeling worse at a particular time each day, usually in the morning Thinking of suicide Depression can be mild, moderate or severe. Not all periods of depression go on for a long time. But without help, it can last for months or even years. Causes of depression Sometimes there seem to be obvious reasons for developing depression. Here are some examples of reasons why some people become depressed. Bereavement Divorce A traumatic event Losing a job Family history of depression Some physical conditions Diet Street drugs and alcohol Seizures Side-effects of epilepsy medicines The reasons for becoming depressed will be different for different people. For example, not everyone who experiences a bereavement or traumatic life event will go on to become depressed. People who have a condition that affects the brain or nervous system may become depressed. Epilepsy is a condition that affects the brain.

3 Epilepsy and depression One in every three people with epilepsy will experience some form of depression during their lifetime. The links between epilepsy and depression are complicated. Having depression can be a risk for developing epilepsy. Many studies show that depression is more common in people with epilepsy than in people who do not have epilepsy. Living with epilepsy can affect people in different ways. Everyone reacts differently. You might find it hard to accept a diagnosis of epilepsy. And it might take time to adjust to the changes in your life. When you have epilepsy, there might be several things that could contribute to you becoming depressed. Here are some examples. Continuing to have seizures Being afraid of having seizures Having side-effects from epilepsy medicines Having problems at work Having social or relationship or family problems Seizures and depression For some people, depression is linked to seizures. It can be experienced before, during, or after a seizure. Depression might happen hours before a seizure. Some people with epilepsy also experience a sudden worsening of their mood as the first part of their seizures (during their aura). This is more common in people with temporal lobe epilepsies. When depression happens after a seizure, it might not start for several hours. It could be delayed for up to seven days afterwards. People whose seizures are not controlled by epilepsy medicines have a higher risk of experiencing depression. Evidence suggests that depression can also make epilepsy worse. Being depressed could cause your sleep patterns to be disturbed. Or it may cause you to miss doses of your epilepsy medicines. Both of these things can be a trigger for seizures for some people. Epilepsy medicines and depression Most people with epilepsy do not experience any problems with their mood or emotions as side-effects of taking epilepsy medicines. However, for some people, their epilepsy medicines can affect their mood, and cause depression as a side-effect. People who have a personal or family history of depression are more at risk of this.

4 These are the epilepsy medicines said to carry the highest risk of causing depression. Vigabatrin Phenobarbital (phenobarbitone) Levetiracetam Zonisamide Topiramate Tiagabine Clonazepam Depressive episodes may be dose-related with some epilepsy medicines but not others. This means that the higher the dose you are taking, the more likely you are to become depressed. People who take more than one type of epilepsy medicine may have an increased risk of experiencing depression. If you feel that your epilepsy medicines are affecting your mood or emotions, it is advisable to talk to your family doctor or epilepsy specialist. It is important that you do not just stop taking your epilepsy medicines. If you suddenly stop taking them, this could cause you to have more frequent and severe seizures. Treatments for depression Many people with mild depression will get better without treatment. However, some people need treatment for their depression. The treatment you are offered for your depression will depend on how seriously it is affecting you. Some people will need a combination of treatments, including psychological treatments or anti-depressant medicines. Psychological treatment is a general term. It is used to describe when you meet with someone trained to talk about feelings. It helps you to look at your thoughts and feelings and how these affect your life and your wellbeing. If you are very unwell, and treatments don t help, or you are considered to be at risk of suicide, you could be admitted to hospital. You might see different people for the treatment of your depression and the treatment of your epilepsy. If this is the case, there should be a care plan to say who is responsible for different parts of your treatment and care. Your treatment and care should take into account what you want and need. Below are some guidelines for the treatment of depression that are recommended by the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE). Active monitoring

5 This is for mild depression. It means monitoring you while waiting to see if your depression goes away without treatment, which mild depression often does. Cognitive behavioural therapy(cbt) This is a type of psychological treatment. It has been proven to help treat depression in people with and without epilepsy. The aim of CBT is to help look at and change any negative thoughts and feelings. It helps you to cope with life s challenges better. CBT cannot remove your problems, but can help you manage them in a more positive way. CBT has been shown to be very helpful at tackling problems such as depression. It is usually carried out with a therapist on a one-to-one basis, but can also take the form of: group therapy with others who wish to tackle a similar problem, or a self-help book where you carry out exercises from the book, or a computer program known as computerised CBT (CCBT). Counselling This is another form of psychological treatment. It gives you the chance to talk through everyday issues that may be causing your depression, and looks at ways to resolve them. Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) This involves taking time to see what is happening around you, rather than going over your problems again and again. It is a way that people can change the way they think and feel about their experiences, and involves techniques like yoga and meditation. Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy is often done in groups. Exercise Regular exercise can be very effective in lifting your mood and increasing your energy levels. Exercise is something you can do for yourself but it is also recommended as a treatment for depression in the NICE guidelines. Some family doctors will give you a prescription for exercise, referring you to a programme at a local gym or health centre. Complementary treatments Some people use complementary treatments to try and improve their quality of life. Treatments include acupuncture, massage, herbal treatments, homeopathy, and aromatherapy. Some people with depression find these treatments helpful.

6 It s really important to speak with your doctor or epilepsy nurse before you try any complementary or alternative treatments. This is because some treatments can trigger seizures for some people with epilepsy. And these treatments may interact with your epilepsy medicines. An example of this is St John s Wort, a herbal treatment that you can buy without a prescription at a pharmacy. It is used to treat people with mild depression. Information from the British National Formulary says that people who take epilepsy medicines should not take St John s Wort. This is because it can affect the way epilepsy medicines work. This could mean you have more seizures than usual. Anti-depressant medicines for depression Anti-depressant medicines can be useful for some people who find it difficult to deal with the normal tasks of day-to-day life. They work by increasing the activity and levels of certain chemicals in the brain that help to lift a person s mood. Anti-depressants do not change your life directly but can help you overcome depression. They may give you more energy to tackle the difficulties you are facing and make it easier to take an active approach to solving any problems you face. The choice of anti-depressant medicine will depend on a number of things including: what epilepsy medicines you are taking and any possible interactions the effect they may have on your seizures. Some anti-depressants have been linked to an increase in seizure frequency. This has led to an under treatment of depression in people with epilepsy. However, there is research to suggest that most anti-depressant medicines are safe for people with epilepsy, when used at the right doses. These types of anti-depressants are known as serotonin re-uptake inhibitors (SSRIs) and serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (SNRIs). Research also suggests that these types of anti-depressant medicines work well in people with epilepsy, regardless of how often they have seizures. Psychological treatments and anti-depressant medicines can work well together, but psychological treatments alone can also work well for some people. This is particularly true for people with epilepsy who feel that they are already taking enough medicines, and don t want to take any more. Managing epilepsy and depression You might think that it s normal to feel depressed because you have epilepsy. Many studies show that if you have epilepsy you are more likely to develop depression than someone who doesn t have epilepsy. However it doesn t

7 mean that it s your fault that you are depressed or that you just have to live with it. It s important to get good treatment and care for your epilepsy. But it is also important that we all look after our emotional health and wellbeing too. Our bodies and mind are connected. Being diagnosed and living with epilepsy might affect how we feel emotionally. How we feel emotionally can affect the way we cope with epilepsy as well as how we cope with our day-to-day lives. There are things that you can do. Here are some things that might help. Seek help We all need help sometimes. If the negative feelings you are having don t go away, or they are affecting your everyday life, you might need some support. This could be from a family member, a friend, your family doctor, epilepsy specialist or epilepsy nurse. If you are feeling that life is too much, it is important to get help straight away. Either see your family doctor or call NHS Direct on (This service is gradually being replaced by NHS 111 service.) You can also contact the Samaritans. They offer 24 hour confidential emotional support for people who are experiencing feelings of distress or despair, including those which may lead to suicide. The Samaritans Tel: [1] Website: samaritans.org.uk Learn about your condition Try to learn about your epilepsy. You could speak to your family doctor, epilepsy specialist or epilepsy nurse about any questions you have. You could also contact Epilepsy Action s freephone helpline number and speak to an Advice and Information Officer. You may want to overcome any feelings of isolation by going out and talking to other people about your epilepsy and your feelings. Epilepsy Action has an extensive network of branches, coffee and chat groups and volunteers throughout the UK. They provide local support to people with epilepsy, their family and friends and carers. For more information about any of these services, contact the Epilepsy Helpline or visit epilepsy.org.uk/about/local-services [2]

8 You may be interested in our online community, forum4e [3]. This is for people with epilepsy and carers of people with epilepsy. Hopefully, you will be able to talk to others in a similar situation. Be actively involved in your treatment and care The National Health Service (NHS) run self-management programmes. They aim to help increase your confidence, improve your quality of life and show you how to manage your condition better. For more information about self-management programmes visit the NHS choices website: nhs.uk [4] Manage your condition as effectively as possible Research shows that people with long-term conditions who take more control of their health have a much better quality of life. Try to focus on the things you can control. Take your epilepsy medicines on time. Have a good sleep routine. Take regular exercise. Eat and drink sensibly. Take time out regularly to relax or do something you enjoy. Epilepsy action has more information about epilepsy and stress [5]. Organisations for information and support Counselling Directory Has details of qualified counsellers and psychotherapists. Website: counselling-directory.org.uk [6] Depression Alliance A charity for people affected by depression. Runs self-help groups. Tel: (UK only) [7] Website: depressionalliance.org [8] Mind Helps people to take control over their mental health. They offer advice and support. Tel: (UK only) [9] Website: mind.org.uk [10] NHS choices The country's biggest health website and gives all the information you need to

9 make choices about your health. Website: nhs.uk [4] Rethink Mental Illness Provide expert, accredited advice and information to everyone affected by mental health problems. Tel: (UK only) [11] Website: rethink.org [12] Saneline A national out-of-hours telephone helpline, offering emotional support and information for people affected by mental health problems. Tel: (UK only) [13] Website: sane.org.uk [14] If you would like to see this information with references, visit the Advice and Information references [15]section of our website. See Depression and epilepsy. Code: F Last Updated: August 2013 Review Due Date: August 2015 Our thanks Epilepsy Action would like to thank Markus Reuber, Professor of Clinical Neurology at the University of Sheffield and Honorary Consultant Neurologist at the Sheffield Teaching Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, for his contribution to this information. Dr Reuber has declared no conflict of interest. This information has been produced under the terms of The Information Standard [16]. Source: Links: [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8]

10 [9] [10] [11] [12] [13] [14] [15] [16] About this publication This information is written with input from people with epilepsy and professionals. Epilepsy Action makes every effort to ensure the accuracy of information but cannot be held liable for any actions taken. If you want to know our sources, or give us feedback, contact us. Your support We hope you ve found the information helpful. As a charity, we rely on donations. If you would like to make a donation visit You can become a member of Epilepsy Action from as little as 1 a month at or call Epilepsy Helpline Freephone , text , Contact details Epilepsy Action, Gate Way Drive, Yeadon, Leeds LS19 7XY, UK, +44 (0) A registered charity (No ) and company limited by guarantee (No ) in England. Copyright Epilepsy Action

A Carer s Guide to Depression in People with a Learning Disability

A Carer s Guide to Depression in People with a Learning Disability A Carer s Guide to Depression in People with a Learning Disability Fife Clinical Psychology Department Lynebank Hospital Halbeath Road Dunfermline Fife KY11 4UW Tel: 01383 565 210 December 2009 This booklet

More information

Epilepsy and stress / anxiety

Epilepsy and stress / anxiety Epilepsy and stress / anxiety Stress is a term used to describe emotional strain and tension. When we experience stress we also can become anxious. Although stress and anxiety do not cause epilepsy, for

More information

This factsheet covers:

This factsheet covers: Depression This factsheet might be useful to you if you have depression or if you think you might have depression. It gives information on the symptoms and causes of depression, as well as the treatments

More information

Epilepsy and learning disabilities

Epilepsy and learning disabilities Epilepsy and learning disabilities www.epilepsy.org.uk Epilepsy Helpline: 0808 800 5050 Epilepsy Action aims to improve the quality of life and promote the interests of people living with epilepsy. Our

More information

How to improve and maintain your mental wellbeing. how to. mental wellbeing

How to improve and maintain your mental wellbeing. how to. mental wellbeing How to improve and maintain your mental wellbeing how to mental wellbeing This booklet is for anyone who wants to improve and maintain their mental wellbeing, whether they have a diagnosis of a mental

More information

Dealing with depression

Dealing with depression Dealing with depression 1 Dealing with depression Every year, one person in ten will suffer from some form of depression. That s about 10% of the population. Depression is different from feeling down or

More information

Symptoms of mania can include: 3

Symptoms of mania can include: 3 Bipolar Disorder This factsheet gives information on bipolar disorder. It explains the symptoms of bipolar disorder, treatments and ways to manage symptoms. It also covers what treatment the National Institute

More information

Depression and Disability

Depression and Disability shinecharity.org.uk info@shinecharity.org.uk 42 Park Road Peterborough PE1 2UQ 01733 555988 Depression and Disability Feelings and Disability Many people with long-term physical difficulties don t like

More information

Understanding Bipolar Disorder

Understanding Bipolar Disorder Barnet, Enfield and Haringey Mental Health NHS Trust Understanding Bipolar Disorder Information for patients and carers Page What is bipolar disorder? Bipolar disorder is a serious mental illness involving

More information

Making sense of CBT. Making sense CBT

Making sense of CBT. Making sense CBT Making sense of CBT Making sense CBT Making sense of CBT This booklet is for anyone who wants to know more about cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT). It explains what it is, what it helps with, what happens

More information

Anxiety. Providing services we would be happy for our own families to use

Anxiety. Providing services we would be happy for our own families to use Anxiety Providing services we would be happy for our own families to use An information guide for Anxiety This booklet aim to: Give you an understanding of Anxiety, it s causes and symptoms Provide information

More information

POLICE How to manage your mental wellbeing. Blue Light Programme

POLICE How to manage your mental wellbeing. Blue Light Programme POLICE How to manage your mental wellbeing Blue Light Programme How to manage your mental wellbeing This booklet is for anyone in the police service who wants to improve and maintain their mental wellbeing.

More information

Depression in children and adolescents

Depression in children and adolescents Patient information from the BMJ Group Depression in children and adolescents Depression is an illness that affects people of all ages, including children and teenagers. It can stop a child or teenager

More information

Registered Charity No. 5365

Registered Charity No. 5365 THE MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS SOCIETY OF IRELAND Dartmouth House, Grand Parade, Dublin 6. Telephone: (01) 269 4599. Fax: (01) 269 3746 MS Helpline: 1850 233 233 E-mail: mscontact@ms-society.ie www.ms-society.ie

More information

Treatments for Depression

Treatments for Depression Treatments for Depression This leaflet contains information about depression and how it can be treated Children and Families Community Services Mental Health Secure Services Specialist Services Adult Mental

More information

Schizophrenia. This factsheet provides a basic description of schizophrenia, its symptoms and the treatments and support options available.

Schizophrenia. This factsheet provides a basic description of schizophrenia, its symptoms and the treatments and support options available. This factsheet provides a basic description of schizophrenia, its symptoms and the treatments and support options available. What is schizophrenia? Schizophrenia is a commonly misunderstood condition,

More information

Asthma, anxiety & depression

Asthma, anxiety & depression Anxiety and are common in people with asthma. The good news is that there are effective treatments both for asthma and for anxiety and. With careful management, the symptoms of anxiety and can be treated

More information

For a full list of MS Trust publications, to sign up for Open Door and much more visit our website at www.mstrust.org.uk

For a full list of MS Trust publications, to sign up for Open Door and much more visit our website at www.mstrust.org.uk Depression We hope you find the information in this factsheet helpful. If you would like to speak with someone about any aspect of MS, contact the MS Trust information team and they will help find answers

More information

Helping people to live life their way

Helping people to live life their way Occupational therapy and Depression Occupational therapy can help people Occupational therapy Dealing Depression is a common illness that affects people of all ages. Depression may occur for no apparent

More information

Alcohol and mental health

Alcohol and mental health Alcohol and mental health Alcohol and mental health For many people, having an alcoholic drink is one of life s pleasures. For most of them that s not a problem, but some people have a troubled relationship

More information

Understanding schizophrenia. understanding. schizophrenia

Understanding schizophrenia. understanding. schizophrenia Understanding schizophrenia understanding schizophrenia Understanding schizophrenia This booklet explains what schizophrenia is, its causes and how it is treated. It also offers practical suggestions for

More information

Vagus nerve stimulation therapy in epilepsy

Vagus nerve stimulation therapy in epilepsy Published on Epilepsy Action (http://www.epilepsy.org.uk/) Page generated on 15/05/2013 Vagus nerve stimulation therapy in epilepsy In this section Introduction About VNS therapy How VNS therapy works

More information

How to cope as a carer. how to. cope as a carer

How to cope as a carer. how to. cope as a carer How to cope as a carer how to cope as a carer How to cope as a carer This booklet is for you if you are supporting a friend or relative and want to know how to look after your own mental health. It offers

More information

How to support someone who feels suicidal. how to. support someone who feels suicidal

How to support someone who feels suicidal. how to. support someone who feels suicidal How to support someone who feels suicidal how to support someone who feels suicidal How to support someone who feels suicidal This booklet explains how to support someone who feels suicidal, giving practical

More information

Alcohol and Dependence

Alcohol and Dependence The facts about... Alcohol and Dependence Five key things you need to know A glass of wine with dinner, a beer after work, a cocktail in the sunshine on holiday. Alcohol makes an appearance in so many

More information

Borderline personality disorder

Borderline personality disorder Understanding NICE guidance Information for people who use NHS services Borderline personality disorder NICE clinical guidelines advise the NHS on caring for people with specific conditions or diseases

More information

How to Identify and Diagnose Depression

How to Identify and Diagnose Depression Depression Spirella Building, Letchworth, SG6 4ET 01462 476700 www.mstrust.org.uk reg charity no. 1088353 Depression and MS Date of issue: March 2010 Review date: March 2011 Contents Introduction 2 1.

More information

Depression. Introduction Depression is a common condition that affects millions of people every year.

Depression. Introduction Depression is a common condition that affects millions of people every year. Depression Introduction Depression is a common condition that affects millions of people every year. Depression has an impact on most aspects of everyday life. It affects eating and sleeping routines,

More information

Understanding. Depression. The Road to Feeling Better Helping Yourself. Your Treatment Options A Note for Family Members

Understanding. Depression. The Road to Feeling Better Helping Yourself. Your Treatment Options A Note for Family Members TM Understanding Depression The Road to Feeling Better Helping Yourself Your Treatment Options A Note for Family Members Understanding Depression Depression is a biological illness. It affects more than

More information

The Doctor-Patient Relationship

The Doctor-Patient Relationship The Doctor-Patient Relationship It s important to feel at ease with your doctor. How well you are able to talk with your doctor is a key part of getting the care that s best for you. It s also important

More information

How to cope with hearing voices. how to. cope with hearing voices

How to cope with hearing voices. how to. cope with hearing voices How to cope with hearing voices how to cope with hearing voices How to cope with hearing voices Hearing voices is a more common experience than many people realise, and is not necessarily a sign of mental

More information

Depression Overview. Symptoms

Depression Overview. Symptoms 1 of 6 6/3/2014 10:15 AM Return to Web version Depression Overview What is depression? When doctors talk about depression, they mean the medical illness called major depression. Someone who has major depression

More information

Looking after someone with Depression or Anxiety. Providing services we would be happy for our own families to use

Looking after someone with Depression or Anxiety. Providing services we would be happy for our own families to use Looking after someone with Depression or Anxiety Providing services we would be happy for our own families to use About this booklet: Picking up this booklet means that you are looking after someone with

More information

Because it s important to know as much as you can.

Because it s important to know as much as you can. About DEPRESSION Because it s important to know as much as you can. This booklet is designed to help you understand depression and the things you can do every day to help manage it. Taking your medicine

More information

Making sense of cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT)

Making sense of cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT) Making sense of cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT) Making sense of cognitive behaviour therapy What is cognitive behaviour therapy? 4 How does negative thinking start? 6 What type of problems can CBT help

More information

1. What is post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)?

1. What is post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)? Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) This factsheet has information about the symptoms and causes of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). It says who might get PTSD and what treatment is available. You

More information

Mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR)

Mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) Mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) You are being given this information sheet because your treating team has suggested that mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) may be helpful in your treatment.

More information

Mid Essex. Specialist Psychosis Service

Mid Essex. Specialist Psychosis Service Mid Essex Specialist Psychosis Service What is psychosis? Why have you been referred to us? Psychosis is general term used to describe a number of symptoms. Some of the symptoms of psychosis include: False

More information

Postnatal Depression. A guide for mothers, family and friends

Postnatal Depression. A guide for mothers, family and friends Postnatal Depression A guide for mothers, family and friends What is it? What is it? After giving birth, most mothers experience some degree of mood swings. There are three main kinds of postnatal mood

More information

Depression & Multiple Sclerosis

Depression & Multiple Sclerosis Depression & Multiple Sclerosis Managing specific issues Aaron, diagnosed in 1995. The words depressed and depression are used so casually in everyday conversation that their meaning has become murky.

More information

Coping with trauma and loss

Coping with trauma and loss Coping with trauma and loss Coping with trauma and loss Someone close to you may have died in sudden and/or traumatic circumstances. You may have witnessed the death, or the deaths and injury of others.

More information

Postnatal depression is an illness. It is not a sign that you don't love your baby or can't look after your baby properly.

Postnatal depression is an illness. It is not a sign that you don't love your baby or can't look after your baby properly. Patient information from the BMJ Group Postnatal depression Postnatal depression is an illness that women can get after having a baby. If you have it, you may feel sad and anxious, and find it hard to

More information

Anxiety and depression in men

Anxiety and depression in men Anxiety and depression in men Summary Anxiety and depression in men are common and treatable. Anxiety and depression are illnesses, not weaknesses, and effective treatments are available. Taking action

More information

North Pacific Epilepsy Research 2311 NW Northrup Street Suite #202 Portland, Oregon 97210 Tel: 503-291-5300 Fax: 503-291-5303

North Pacific Epilepsy Research 2311 NW Northrup Street Suite #202 Portland, Oregon 97210 Tel: 503-291-5300 Fax: 503-291-5303 North Pacific Epilepsy Research 2311 NW Northrup Street Suite #202 Portland, Oregon 97210 Tel: 503-291-5300 Fax: 503-291-5303 Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)

More information

Understanding mania and hypomania

Understanding mania and hypomania Understanding mania and hypomania 1 Contents What are mania and hypomania? 3 How are mania and hypomania diagnosed? 4 What causes mania and hypomania? 5 What treatments are available? 5 How can I help

More information

If you have been taking a Parkinson s drug that contains levodopa,

If you have been taking a Parkinson s drug that contains levodopa, Symptoms and lifestyle Wearing off and involuntary movements (dyskinesia) If you have been taking a Parkinson s drug that contains levodopa, for example co-beneldopa or co-careldopa, for some time, you

More information

Presently, there are no means of preventing bipolar disorder. However, there are ways of preventing future episodes: 1

Presently, there are no means of preventing bipolar disorder. However, there are ways of preventing future episodes: 1 What is bipolar disorder? There are two main types of bipolar illness: bipolar I and bipolar II. In bipolar I, the symptoms include at least one lifetime episode of mania a period of unusually elevated

More information

Dealing with depression. How to recognise the signs and the action you can take

Dealing with depression. How to recognise the signs and the action you can take Dealing with depression How to recognise the signs and the action you can take Our mental health is just as important as our physical health. As we get older, changes in our lives, such as bereavement,

More information

Depression and anxiety

Depression and anxiety alzheimers.org.uk Depression and anxiety Depression and anxiety are common conditions that are frequently experienced by people with dementia and their carers. They are known as psychological conditions

More information

Bipolar Disorder. Some people with these symptoms have bipolar disorder, a serious mental illness. Read this brochure to find out more.

Bipolar Disorder. Some people with these symptoms have bipolar disorder, a serious mental illness. Read this brochure to find out more. Bipolar Disorder Do you go through intense moods? Do you feel very happy and energized some days, and very sad and depressed on other days? Do these moods last for a week or more? Do your mood changes

More information

How are you? A guide to psychological resources for coping with MS

How are you? A guide to psychological resources for coping with MS How are you? A guide to psychological resources for coping with MS Having MS is a challenge and can affect not only physical abilities but also emotional wellbeing. The unpredictability of the illness

More information

Depression is a medical illness that causes a persistent feeling of sadness and loss of interest. Depression can cause physical symptoms, too.

Depression is a medical illness that causes a persistent feeling of sadness and loss of interest. Depression can cause physical symptoms, too. The Family Library DEPRESSION What is depression? Depression is a medical illness that causes a persistent feeling of sadness and loss of interest. Depression can cause physical symptoms, too. Also called

More information

DOCTOR DISCUSSION GUIDE FOR RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS

DOCTOR DISCUSSION GUIDE FOR RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS DOCTOR DISCUSSION GUIDE FOR RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS Talking your Doctor About Rheumatoid Arthritis Preparing for your Doctor s Appointment Early and aggressive treatment can help you forestall the joint damage

More information

Look after your mental health

Look after your mental health Look after your mental health It s important to take care of yourself and get the most from life. This booklet suggests 10 practical ways to look after your mental health. What is mental health? Hi, how

More information

Bipolar Disorder UHN. Information for patients and families. Read this booklet to learn:

Bipolar Disorder UHN. Information for patients and families. Read this booklet to learn: Bipolar Disorder UHN Information for patients and families Read this booklet to learn: what bipolar disorder is what causes it the signs or symptoms of bipolar disorder what treatments can help Please

More information

Caring for depression

Caring for depression Caring for depression Aetna Health Connections SM Disease Management Program Get information. Get help. Get better. 21.05.300.1 B (6/08) Get back to being you How this guide can help you Having an ongoing

More information

Coping with chemotherapy

Coping with chemotherapy This information is an extract from the booklet Understanding chemotherapy. You may find the full booklet helpful. We can send you a copy free see page 11. Contents Feelings and emotions How you can help

More information

Non-epileptic seizures

Non-epileptic seizures Non-epileptic seizures a short guide for patients and families Information for patients Department of Neurology Royal Hallamshire Hospital What are non-epileptic seizures? In a seizure people lose control

More information

Bipolar disorder. Understanding NICE guidance

Bipolar disorder. Understanding NICE guidance Understanding NICE guidance Information for people who use NHS services Bipolar disorder NICE clinical guidelines advise the NHS on caring for people with specific conditions or diseases and the treatments

More information

Managing depression after stroke. Presented by Maree Hackett

Managing depression after stroke. Presented by Maree Hackett Managing depression after stroke Presented by Maree Hackett After stroke Physical changes We can see these Depression Emotionalism Anxiety Confusion Communication problems What is depression? Category

More information

Depression & Multiple Sclerosis. Managing Specific Issues

Depression & Multiple Sclerosis. Managing Specific Issues Depression & Multiple Sclerosis Managing Specific Issues Feeling blue The words depressed and depression are used so casually in everyday conversation that their meaning has become murky. True depression

More information

See also www.thiswayup.org.au/clinic for an online treatment course.

See also www.thiswayup.org.au/clinic for an online treatment course. Depression What is depression? Depression is one of the common human emotional states. It is common to experience feelings of sadness and tiredness in response to life events, such as losses or disappointments.

More information

Bipolar Disorder. When people with bipolar disorder feel very happy and "up," they are also much more active than usual. This is called mania.

Bipolar Disorder. When people with bipolar disorder feel very happy and up, they are also much more active than usual. This is called mania. Bipolar Disorder Introduction Bipolar disorder is a serious mental disorder. People who have bipolar disorder feel very happy and energized some days, and very sad and depressed on other days. Abnormal

More information

Understanding depression. understanding. depression

Understanding depression. understanding. depression Understanding depression understanding depression Understanding depression If you are depressed, you may feel that nothing can help. But this is untrue. Most people recover from bouts of depression, and

More information

Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD): the treatment of PTSD in adults and children

Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD): the treatment of PTSD in adults and children Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD): the treatment of PTSD in adults and children Understanding NICE guidance information for people with PTSD, their advocates and carers, and the public March 2005 Information

More information

The sooner a person with depression seeks support, the sooner they can recover.

The sooner a person with depression seeks support, the sooner they can recover. Depression Summary Depression is a constant feeling of dejection and loss, which stops you doing your normal activities. Different types of depression exist, with symptoms ranging from relatively minor

More information

More than just feelings of unhappiness, clinical or major depression is a mood disorder a medical illness that involves both the body and mind.

More than just feelings of unhappiness, clinical or major depression is a mood disorder a medical illness that involves both the body and mind. What is depression? More than just feelings of unhappiness, clinical or major depression is a mood disorder a medical illness that involves both the body and mind. 1,2 The difference between clinical depression

More information

and body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) in adults, children and young people Issue date: November 2005

and body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) in adults, children and young people Issue date: November 2005 Issue date: November 2005 Treating obsessivecompulsive disorder (OCD) and body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) in adults, children and young people Understanding NICE guidance information for people with OCD

More information

How to cope with loneliness. how to. cope with loneliness

How to cope with loneliness. how to. cope with loneliness How to cope with loneliness how to cope with loneliness How to cope with loneliness This booklet is for anyone who experiences loneliness. It is particularly relevant for people who feel that loneliness

More information

Fatigue Beyond Tiredness

Fatigue Beyond Tiredness Fatigue Beyond Tiredness The development and printing of this booklet was sponsored by Roche Products Ltd and Chugai Pharma UK Ltd. Editorial control remains with NRAS. Have you ever: Got all dressed up

More information

Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)

Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) Post traumatic stress disorder is a condition where you have recurring distressing memories, flashbacks, and other symptoms after suffering a traumatic event. Treatment

More information

Step 2: Recognised depression in adults persistent subthreshold depressive symptoms or mild to moderate depression

Step 2: Recognised depression in adults persistent subthreshold depressive symptoms or mild to moderate depression Step 2: Recognised depression in adults persistent subthreshold depressive symptoms or mild to moderate depression A NICE pathway brings together all NICE guidance, quality standards and materials to support

More information

Are you feeling... Tired, Sad, Angry, Irritable, Hopeless?

Are you feeling... Tired, Sad, Angry, Irritable, Hopeless? Are you feeling... Tired, Sad, Angry, Irritable, Hopeless? I feel tired and achy all the time. I can t concentrate and my body just doesn t feel right. Ray B. I don t want to get out of bed in the morning

More information

What is vascular dementia?

What is vascular dementia? alzheimers.org.uk What is vascular dementia? Vascular dementia is the second most common form of dementia after Alzheimer s disease. It is caused by problems in the supply of blood to the brain. This factsheet

More information

How to... Look after your mental health

How to... Look after your mental health How to... Look after your mental health 1 What is mental health? Hi, how are you doing? I m good thanks, glad it s the weekend. You? Bit fed up actually; it just feels like everything I do goes wrong.

More information

Pamper yourself. Remember it s important to eat and sleep well. Don t revise all the time

Pamper yourself. Remember it s important to eat and sleep well. Don t revise all the time Plan ahead Do Have your own revision timetable start planning well before exams begin. Your teacher should be able to help. Make your books, notes and essays user-friendly. Use headings, highlighting and

More information

Suicidal feelings. How to cope

Suicidal feelings. How to cope Suicidal feelings How to cope If you feel like you want to take your own life, reading this factsheet might help to make you feel better. This factsheet has some ideas for things you can do right now to

More information

Cancer Pain. Relief from PALLIATIVE CARE

Cancer Pain. Relief from PALLIATIVE CARE PALLIATIVE CARE Relief from Cancer Pain National Clinical Programme for Palliative Care For more information on the National Clinical Programme for Palliative Care, go to www.hse.ie/palliativecareprogramme

More information

Information about mental wellbeing services in Leeds

Information about mental wellbeing services in Leeds 2013 update Information about mental wellbeing services in Leeds sunny low pressured depressed moderate high cloudy cold stormy thundery changeable settled fine Support in Leeds for you, your friends and

More information

A Guide to Depression

A Guide to Depression A Guide to Depression Depression is common. Symptoms can affect dayto-day life and can become very distressing. Treatments include talking treatments and antidepressant medicines. Treatment takes time

More information

Bipolar disorder, Pregnancy and Childbirth

Bipolar disorder, Pregnancy and Childbirth Bipolar disorder, Pregnancy and Childbirth Having a baby is a major event in the life of any woman. For those with bipolar disorder (manic depression) there are a number of additional issues. Women with

More information

Schizophrenia National Institute of Mental Health

Schizophrenia National Institute of Mental Health Schizophrenia National Institute of Mental Health U.S. DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES National Institutes of Health Schizophrenia Do you know someone who seems like he or she has lost touch with

More information

Care Programme Approach (CPA)

Care Programme Approach (CPA) Care Programme Approach (CPA) The Care Programme Approach (CPA) is used to plan many people s mental health care. This factsheet explains what it is, when you should get and when it might stop. The Care

More information

MedicinesTalk. Information for consumers and consumer groups about using medicines wisely. Using antidepressants 4

MedicinesTalk. Information for consumers and consumer groups about using medicines wisely. Using antidepressants 4 MedicinesTalk Information for consumers and consumer groups about using medicines wisely Winter 2008 No. 26 Campaign to bridge cultural gaps 3 Using antidepressants 4 Non-drug treatments 6 Sources of info

More information

Young People s Emotional Health

Young People s Emotional Health Young People s Emotional Health For those working with young people aged 16-24 Key facts from research Warning signs Sources of help and further information Kindly supported by Auto Trader Introducing

More information

WHY DO WE GET ANGRY? EVERYONE FEELS ANGRY SOMETIMES

WHY DO WE GET ANGRY? EVERYONE FEELS ANGRY SOMETIMES FEELING ANGRY? WHY DO WE GET ANGRY? There are lots of things that can make us angry. Here are a few examples... EVERYONE FEELS ANGRY SOMETIMES It s normal and healthy to get angry when there is a good

More information

Understanding bipolar disorder. understanding. depression. understanding depression 1

Understanding bipolar disorder. understanding. depression. understanding depression 1 Understanding bipolar disorder understanding depression understanding depression 1 Understanding depression If you are depressed, you may feel that nothing can help. But this is untrue. Most people recover

More information

Doctor Discussion Guide for Osteoarthritis

Doctor Discussion Guide for Osteoarthritis Doctor Discussion Guide for Osteoarthritis How to Talk to Your Doctor About Osteoarthritis of the Knee With more than 10 million people affected, osteoarthritis of the knee is the most common type of osteoarthritis.

More information

Alcohol and older people. What you need to know

Alcohol and older people. What you need to know Alcohol and older people What you need to know Alcohol and older people 1 Contents As we age, we become more sensitive to alcohol s effects...3 Alcohol can cause problems if you re taking certain medicines...4

More information

Amitriptyline. Drug information Amitriptyline

Amitriptyline. Drug information Amitriptyline Drug information Amitriptyline Amitriptyline This leaflet provides information on amitriptyline and will answer any questions you have about the treatment. Arthritis Research UK produce and print our booklets

More information

Current evidence suggests that Parkinson s tends to develop

Current evidence suggests that Parkinson s tends to develop About Parkinson's Diagnosing Parkinson s Current evidence suggests that Parkinson s tends to develop gradually and it may be many months, even years, before the symptoms become obvious enough for you to

More information

Understanding PTSD treatment

Understanding PTSD treatment Understanding PTSD treatment Do I need professional help? Whether or not you need help can only be determined by you and a mental health professional. However, you can take the self-assessment in the PTSD

More information

Eating disorders: core interventions in the treatment and management of anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, and related eating disorders

Eating disorders: core interventions in the treatment and management of anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, and related eating disorders Eating disorders: core interventions in the treatment and management of anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, and related eating disorders A guide for people with eating disorders, their advocates and carers,

More information

CHANGES. Promoting Positive Wellbeing. Community Health Project. Stress. Worry. Panic. Feeling on Edge. Low self-esteem.

CHANGES. Promoting Positive Wellbeing. Community Health Project. Stress. Worry. Panic. Feeling on Edge. Low self-esteem. CHANGES Community Health Project Supporting people in East Lothian to find ways to better manage Promoting Positive Wellbeing Stress Worry Panic Feeling on Edge Low self-esteem Negative Thinking CHANGES

More information

Memantine (Ebixa) Drug treatment for Alzheimer s disease

Memantine (Ebixa) Drug treatment for Alzheimer s disease IS 20 October 2011 Information sheet Memantine (Ebixa) Drug treatment for Alzheimer s disease Introduction... 1 How does Ebixa work?... 1 Who might benefit?... 2 What effect might Ebixa have?... 2 How

More information

What Are the Symptoms of Depression?

What Are the Symptoms of Depression? Lately, Lindsay hasn t felt like herself. Her friends have noticed it, too. Kia was surprised when Lindsay turned down her invitation to go shopping last Saturday (she always loves to shop). There was

More information

Understanding bipolar disorder. understanding. bipolar disorder

Understanding bipolar disorder. understanding. bipolar disorder Understanding bipolar disorder understanding bipolar disorder Understanding bipolar disorder This booklet is for anyone experiencing bipolar disorder. It explains what bipolar disorder is, and how you

More information

This factsheets covers:

This factsheets covers: Healthcare in Prison Prisoners should have the same access to healthcare services as everyone else. This factsheet looks at what health services you can get if you are in prison and what to do if you are

More information

AMBULANCE How to manage stress and anxiety. Blue Light Programme

AMBULANCE How to manage stress and anxiety. Blue Light Programme AMBULANCE How to manage stress and anxiety Blue Light Programme How to manage stress and anxiety This booklet is for anyone in the ambulance service who wants to manage their stress and anxiety. It gives

More information

How to deal with anger. how to. deal with anger

How to deal with anger. how to. deal with anger How to deal with anger how to deal with anger How to deal with anger Many people have trouble managing their anger. This is for anyone who wants to learn how to deal with it in a constructive and healthy

More information