# EMILY WANTS SIX STARS. EMMA DREW SEVEN FOOTBALLS. MATHEW BOUGHT EIGHT BOTTLES. ANDREW HAS NINE BANANAS.

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1 SENTENCE MATRIX INTRODUCTION Matrix One EMILY WANTS SIX STARS. EMMA DREW SEVEN FOOTBALLS. MATHEW BOUGHT EIGHT BOTTLES. ANDREW HAS NINE BANANAS. The table above is a 4 x 4 matrix to be used for presenting sentences to the listener. When we use a matrix for training, we select one word from each column to form a simple sentence such as Andrew drew nine stars, or Emily wants seven bananas. There is a large number of possible sentences that can be made up using these sixteen words. INSTRUCTIONS Print the matrix on page 3, and give it to the listener. Explain that you are going to say some simple sentences made up of words from the matrix. The sentences will be 4 words long and will contain 1 word from each column. Demonstrate the task by pointing at each word as you say: MATHEW HAS SEVEN FOOTBALLS. Ask the listener to repeat the sentence. If you have difficulty understanding his speech, ask him to point to each word as he says it. Now, without pointing to the words, say the sentence: EMILY DREW NINE STARS. Ask the listener to repeat what was said, and then tell him if all of the words were correctly repeated. It sometimes helps to point at the words when you repeat the sentence. When both of you are comfortable with the task, present the sentence list on page 4. Mark each word that is correctly identified. If you wish to calculate the column totals and total score, you may do this here. If the listener makes an error, you can correct as you go. Remember: The sentences can be presented with or without lipreading cues. DO NOT place your hand in front of your mouth to remove the lipreading cues. Simply ask the listener to look down and not to watch your lips. Alternatively, you could sit beside or behind the listener. It doesn t matter if he sneaks a peek occasionally, but encourage him to listen carefully and repeat what he thought was said.

2 FOLLOW-UP There are an additional 4 lists of sentences available for download on pages 5-8, and these can be used for follow-up training. MAKING IT EASIER If the task is too difficult without lipreading, try listening and lipreading together. Every now and then, however, present one of the sentences without lipreading and see what happens. MAKING IT MORE CHALLENGING If the listener is able to repeat back each word easily, try making the task a little more difficult. Here are some ways to do this: NOISE Introduce some background noise by turning on a radio or the TV. Speech is the best background noise to use. Another source of speech noise is audio books. Set the volume at a level where the listener starts to experience some difficulties. Try to find the point at which the listener can correctly identify 2 or 3 words in a 4-word sentence. Once you ve found that, present one of the sentence lists, and see how he performs. If his performance improves over time, make the noise a little louder, but try to ensure that he is still able to correctly identify at least 2 words in each 4-word sentence. SPEAKING RATE Many people with hearing loss report having difficulty with talkers who speak quickly. The matrix can also be used to provide practice with more rapid speech. Don t speak too quickly at first; just a little faster than normal. If the listener is okay with that, speed up a little and see what happens. Find the rate at which the listener is able to identify 2 to 3 words out of the 4. FAST AND NOISY The most difficult listening situation is when the materials are presented at a fast rate in noise. Don t attempt it unless the listener performs well in the previous conditions.

3 MATRIX ONE EMILY WANTS SIX STARS. EMMA DREW SEVEN FOOTBALLS. MATHEW BOUGHT EIGHT BOTTLES. ANDREW HAS NINE BANANAS.

4 Matrix One LIST # 1 NAME DATE # NAME VERB NUMBER OBJECT 1 EMILY WANTS EIGHT BOTTLES. 2 EMILY BOUGHT NINE STARS. 3 EMMA DREW SEVEN FOOTBALLS. 4 MATHEW DREW EIGHT FOOTBALLS. 5 EMILY BOUGHT NINE BANANAS. 6 EMILY HAS SIX STARS. 7 MATHEW WANTS SIX BANANAS. 8 ANDREW WANTS SEVEN BANANAS. 9 EMMA BOUGHT SIX STARS. 10 EMMA WANTS NINE FOOTBALLS. 11 EMMA DREW SEVEN BOTTLES. 12 EMMA WANTS EIGHT FOOTBALLS 13 MATHEW WANTS EIGHT BANANAS. 14 MATHEW WANTS NINE BANANAS. 15 EMILY HAS NINE FOOTBALLS. 16 MATHEW HAS SIX FOOTBALLS. 17 EMILY DREW SEVEN BOTTLES. 18 EMILY BOUGHT EIGHT FOOTBALLS. 19 EMMA DREW SIX BOTTLES. 20 EMILY DREW SEVEN STARS. / 20 / 20 / 20 / 20

5 Matrix One LIST # 2 NAME DATE # NAME VERB NUMBER OBJECT 1 EMILY WANTS NINE FOOTBALLS. 2 EMILY DREW EIGHT BANANAS. 3 EMMA WANTS SIX BOTTLES. 4 MATHEW DREW SIX FOOTBALLS. 5 EMMA HAS EIGHT STARS. 6 EMILY WANTS SIX FOOTBALLS. 7 ANDREW WANTS NINE BOTTLES. 8 EMMA HAS SEVEN BANANAS. 9 ANDREW DREW SIX BOTTLES. 10 EMMA HAS EIGHT BANANAS. 11 MATHEW HAS EIGHT FOOTBALLS. 12 ANDREW WANTS EIGHT FOOTBALLS. 13 EMILY BOUGHT NINE FOOTBALLS. 14 EMMA WANTS SIX STARS. 15 ANDREW DREW SEVEN BOTTLES. 16 EMILY BOUGHT SEVEN FOOTBALLS. 17 EMMA BOUGHT SEVEN FOOTBALLS. 18 ANDREW WANTS SEVEN BOTTLES. 19 EMILY WANTS SEVEN STARS. 20 EMMA WANTS NINE BOTTLES. / 20 / 20 / 20 / 20

6 Matrix One LIST # 4 NAME DATE # NAME VERB NUMBER OBJECT 1 EMMA DREW SIX BANANAS. 2 MATHEW WANTS EIGHT STARS. 3 EMMA BOUGHT EIGHT FOOTBALLS. 4 EMMA BOUGHT NINE BANANAS. 5 MATHEW DREW SIX BOTTLES. 6 MATHEW BOUGHT SEVEN BANANAS. 7 ANDREW DREW SIX STARS. 8 EMILY WANTS NINE BANANAS. 9 ANDREW WANTS SIX FOOTBALLS. 10 EMILY BOUGHT NINE BOTTLES. 11 EMMA WANTS SEVEN BANANAS. 12 MATHEW WANTS SIX STARS. 13 EMMA BOUGHT SEVEN STARS. 14 EMMA DREW SEVEN STARS. 15 ANDREW WANTS SIX STARS. 16 ANDREW WANTS NINE BANANAS. 17 ANDREW DREW EIGHT STARS. 18 MATHEW HAS EIGHT STARS. 19 EMILY WANTS EIGHT BANANAS. 20 EMILY DREW SIX STARS. / 20 / 20 / 20 / 20

7 Matrix One LIST # 5 NAME DATE # NAME VERB NUMBER OBJECT 1 EMILY DREW NINE STARS. 2 MATHEW DREW SIX STARS. 3 EMMA DREW EIGHT FOOTBALLS. 4 MATHEW WANTS SEVEN FOOTBALLS. 5 EMMA DREW SIX STARS. 6 EMMA WANTS NINE STARS. 7 EMILY DREW SEVEN FOOTBALLS. 8 EMMA WANTS SEVEN STARS. 9 EMMA HAS NINE BANANAS. 10 ANDREW WANTS EIGHT BOTTLES. 11 MATHEW HAS EIGHT BOTTLES. 12 EMILY HAS EIGHT STARS. 13 ANDREW DREW SIX BANANAS. 14 MATHEW DREW SEVEN BOTTLES. 15 EMILY HAS SEVEN FOOTBALLS. 16 EMILY DREW NINE FOOTBALLS. 17 EMILY WANTS SIX BANANAS. 18 EMMA WANTS NINE BANANAS. 19 MATHEW DREW EIGHT BOTTLES. 20 ANDREW WANTS SEVEN STARS. / 20 / 20 / 20 / 20

8 INTRODUCTION Matrix Two SUE TOOK TWO OLD STAMPS MONDAY. BOB SAW THREE GOLD KEYS TUESDAY. JANE BOUGHT FOUR NEW PENS WEDNESDAY. ON JAMES DREW FIVE BLUE RINGS THURSDAY. ANN SOLD SIX GREEN TIES FRIDAY. SHANE WANTS NINE RED TOYS SUNDAY. Although there are seven columns, this is really a 6 x 6 matrix, as there is only one word on in column 6. Because the words in each column are similar, the task will be difficult for many listeners. Start out with a slow speaking rate and increase it to a normal rate over time. INSTRUCTIONS Print a copy of the matrix (page 12) and give it to the listener. Explain that you are going to read a sentence made up of words from the matrix one word from each column. Present the sentence, JANE WANTS FIVE OLD TIES ON FRIDAY, Point to each word as you say it. Ask the listener to repeat what was said. Present a couple of other practice sentences such as, BOB SOLD THREE BLUE RINGS ON SUNDAY, and SUE SOLD NINE RED STAMPS ON SUNDAY, again asking the listener to repeat what was said. When you re confident that the listener understands the task, present the sentences in List 1. Try to make the task as light-hearted and enjoyable as possible; listening should not be a chore. Provide as much encouragement as possible. Remember: The sentences can be presented with or without lipreading cues. DO NOT place your hand in front of your mouth to remove the lipreading cues. Simply ask the listener to look down and not to watch your lips. Alternatively, you could sit beside or behind the listener. It doesn t matter if he sneaks a peek occasionally, but encourage him to listen carefully and repeat what he thought was said.

9 MAKING IT MORE CHALLENGING If the listener is able to repeat back each word easily, try making the task a little more difficult. Here are some ways to do this: NOISE Introduce some background noise by turning on a radio or the TV. Speech is the best background noise to use. Another source of speech noise is audio books. Set the volume at a level where the listener starts to experience some difficulties. Try to find the point at which the listener can correctly identify 2 or 3 words in a 4-word sentence. Once you ve found that, present one of the sentence lists, and see how he performs. If his performance improves over time, make the noise a little louder, but try to ensure that he is still able to correctly identify at least 2 words in each 4-word sentence. SPEAKING RATE Many people with hearing loss report having difficulty with talkers who speak quickly. The matrix can also be used to provide practice with more rapid speech. Don t speak too quickly at first; just a little faster than normal. If the listener is okay with that, speed up a little and see what happens. Find the rate at which the listener is able to identify 2 to 3 words out of the 4. FAST AND NOISY The most difficult listening situation is when the materials are presented at a fast rate in noise. Don t attempt it unless the listener performs well in the previous conditions. LISTENING ONLY OR LISTENING + LIPREADING? People with normal hearing use visual cues for speech understanding, so why shouldn t people with hearing loss? Most conversations in everyday life are face-to-face, and in them we use both listening and visual (lipreading and other) cues. If we ignore visual cues, speech understanding is a little more difficult, and that s not a good thing. Imagine trying to have a conversation at a party or in a noisy street with your eyes closed. You might be able to understand what is being said, but it would require a great deal of effort, and you d probably try to keep the conversation as short as possible. These training materials can be presented listening only, to help the listener improve his ability to understand speech. If he is having difficulty repeating the sentences, consider adding lipreading. Don t worry if it seems too easy; using a faster rate of speech and introducing background noise will make the task much more difficult and will help the listener learn to better use these 2 important sensory inputs.

10 MATRIX TWO SUE TOOK TWO OLD STAMPS MONDAY. BOB SAW THREE GOLD KEYS TUESDAY. JANE BOUGHT FOUR NEW PENS WEDNESDAY. ON JAMES DREW FIVE BLUE RINGS THURSDAY. ANN SOLD SIX GREEN TIES FRIDAY. SHANE WANTS NINE RED TOYS SUNDAY.

11 LIST # 1 NAME DATE # NAME VERB NUMBER Adjective noun ON DAY 1 BOB SOLD FIVE RED PENS ON MONDAY. 2 JANE SOLD FIVE RED KEYS ON MONDAY. 3 JANE SOLD NINE OLD RINGS ON TUESDAY. 4 JAMES SOLD TWO NEW TOYS ON TUESDAY. 5 JAMES WANTS TWO NEW TIES ON TUESDAY. 6 SHANE BOUGHT THREE BLUE STAMPS ON FRIDAY. 7 SHANE SOLD TWO BLUE PENS ON TUESDAY. 8 ANN BOUGHT FIVE GOLD TOYS ON MONDAY. 9 SUE DREW THREE RED PENS ON FRIDAY. 10 BOB TOOK SIX NEW TOYS ON THURSDAY. 11 BOB WANTS FOUR OLD RINGS ON FRIDAY. 12 JAMES WANTS TWO GOLD TIES ON WEDNESDAY. 13 JAMES BOUGHT THREE GREEN STAMPS ON SUNDAY. 14 SUE BOUGHT SIX GOLD RINGS ON SUNDAY. 15 SUE BOUGHT SIX RED KEYS ON THURSDAY. 16 SHANE DREW THREE OLD PENS ON FRIDAY. 17 SHANE SOLD FOUR OLD KEYS ON THURSDAY. 18 BOB DREW TWO GREEN PENS ON SUNDAY. 19 BOB BOUGHT TWO GREEN TOYS ON THURSDAY. 20 SUE BOUGHT THREE RED RINGS ON FRIDAY. / 20 / 20 / 20 / 20 / 20 / 20 / 20

12 LIST # 2 NAME DATE # NAME VERB NUMBER Adjective noun ON DAY 1 BOB SOLD FIVE OLD TOYS ON WEDNESDAY. 2 JANE WANTS THREE BLUE TIES ON MONDAY. 3 JAMES TOOK FOUR GOLD TIES ON SUNDAY. 4 BOB SOLD FOUR BLUE STAMPS ON SUNDAY. 5 JANE TOOK NINE GOLD RINGS ON FRIDAY. 6 SUE WANTS FOUR GOLD TIES ON THURSDAY. 7 SUE SAW FIVE GREEN TOYS ON WEDNESDAY. 8 SUE SOLD THREE RED PENS ON THURSDAY. 9 SUE SAW FIVE RED PENS ON FRIDAY. 10 JANE DREW SIX RED STAMPS ON TUESDAY. 11 ANN WANTS THREE OLD PENS ON THURSDAY. 12 JANE DREW NINE GREEN STAMPS ON TUESDAY. 13 JAMES WANTS FOUR GOLD STAMPS ON FRIDAY. 14 BOB TOOK FOUR RED TIES ON THURSDAY. 15 SHANE TOOK FOUR BLUE TIES ON TUESDAY. 16 BOB SOLD FIVE RED STAMPS ON WEDNESDAY. 17 JAMES SAW FOUR OLD TIES ON SUNDAY. 18 ANN DREW THREE RED PENS ON MONDAY. 19 JAMES BOUGHT SIX GOLD TOYS ON MONDAY. 20 JAMES BOUGHT NINE GREEN KEYS ON MONDAY. / 20 / 20 / 20 / 20 / 20 / 20 / 20

13 LIST # 3 NAME DATE # NAME VERB NUMBER Adjective noun ON DAY 1 JANE WANTS SIX OLD KEYS ON THURSDAY. 2 SHANE DREW TWO GREEN KEYS ON WEDNESDAY. 3 BOB WANTS FOUR BLUE TIES ON MONDAY. 4 SHANE TOOK SIX GOLD RINGS ON WEDNESDAY. 5 ANN SAW FOUR BLUE STAMPS ON SUNDAY. 6 ANN BOUGHT THREE BLUE TOYS ON MONDAY. 7 JANE TOOK FIVE GOLD TOYS ON FRIDAY. 8 JANE SAW SIX RED RINGS ON MONDAY. 9 ANN DREW TWO NEW TOYS ON TUESDAY. 10 SUE BOUGHT FIVE GREEN KEYS ON SUNDAY. 11 ANN DREW TWO GOLD TOYS ON WEDNESDAY. 12 JAMES TOOK NINE NEW KEYS ON FRIDAY. 13 JANE TOOK SIX RED RINGS ON TUESDAY. 14 ANN WANTS TWO NEW RINGS ON TUESDAY. 15 SUE BOUGHT NINE BLUE KEYS ON FRIDAY. 16 BOB TOOK SIX RED PENS ON THURSDAY. 17 SHANE TOOK FIVE GOLD TIES ON WEDNESDAY. 18 JAMES TOOK THREE NEW TOYS ON FRIDAY. 19 SHANE BOUGHT FIVE GREEN KEYS ON MONDAY. 20 BOB DREW TWO NEW TOYS ON FRIDAY. / 20 / 20 / 20 / 20 / 20 / 20 / 20

14 LIST # 4 NAME DATE # NAME VERB NUMBER Adjective noun ON DAY 1 BOB SOLD FIVE RED PENS ON MONDAY. 2 BOB SOLD FIVE RED KEYS ON MONDAY. 3 ANN SOLD NINE OLD RINGS ON TUESDAY. 4 JAMES SOLD TWO NEW TOYS ON TUESDAY. 5 SHANE WANTS TWO NEW TIES ON TUESDAY. 6 SUE BOUGHT THREE BLUE STAMPS ON FRIDAY. 7 ANN SOLD TWO BLUE PENS ON TUESDAY. 8 SUE BOUGHT FIVE GOLD TOYS ON MONDAY. 9 SHANE DREW THREE RED PENS ON FRIDAY. 10 SHANE TOOK SIX NEW TOYS ON THURSDAY. 11 SHANE WANTS FOUR OLD RINGS ON FRIDAY. 12 SUE WANTS TWO GOLD TIES ON WEDNESDAY. 13 SUE BOUGHT THREE GREEN STAMPS ON SUNDAY. 14 JANE BOUGHT SIX GOLD RINGS ON SUNDAY. 15 ANN BOUGHT SIX RED KEYS ON THURSDAY. 16 SHANE DREW THREE OLD PENS ON FRIDAY. 17 SUE SOLD FOUR OLD KEYS ON THURSDAY. 18 ANN DREW TWO GREEN PENS ON SUNDAY. 19 JANE BOUGHT TWO GREEN TOYS ON THURSDAY. 20 JANE BOUGHT THREE RED RINGS ON FRIDAY. / 20 / 20 / 20 / 20 / 20 / 20 / 20

15 LIST # 5 NAME DATE # NAME VERB NUMBER Adjective noun ON DAY 1 SUE DREW THREE NEW TOYS ON FRIDAY. 2 BOB TOOK SIX RED RINGS ON WEDNESDAY. 3 JANE TOOK FIVE RED TIES ON TUESDAY. 4 JANE SAW SIX BLUE STAMPS ON SUNDAY. 5 BOB WANTS FIVE NEW STAMPS ON FRIDAY. 6 JAMES TOOK THREE NEW TIES ON SUNDAY. 7 JAMES SOLD NINE NEW KEYS ON MONDAY. 8 ANN TOOK FIVE NEW TOYS ON TUESDAY. 9 JAMES SAW NINE OLD TIES ON WEDNESDAY. 10 SUE SAW SIX NEW TOYS ON THURSDAY. 11 SUE SOLD THREE BLUE TOYS ON WEDNESDAY. 12 SUE SOLD FOUR GOLD TOYS ON THURSDAY. 13 BOB SOLD FOUR RED RINGS ON MONDAY. 14 JANE SOLD FIVE RED STAMPS ON TUESDAY. 15 JANE SOLD NINE GOLD STAMPS ON THURSDAY. 16 BOB BOUGHT NINE OLD RINGS ON FRIDAY. 17 SHANE SOLD FIVE NEW STAMPS ON TUESDAY. 18 JANE DREW THREE GREEN STAMPS ON SUNDAY. 19 SHANE SOLD FOUR GOLD STAMPS ON THURSDAY. 20 ANN BOUGHT TWO BLUE KEYS ON SUNDAY. / 20 / 20 / 20 / 20 / 20 / 20 / 20

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