5. Why does the weather near cities tend to be cloudier and wetter than in rural areas?

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1 Name: Date: 1. Today weather forecasting is better because of the use of A. barometers. B. telescopes. C. satellites. D. anemometers. 2. The letter H is the weather symbol for A. hail storms. B. humidity. C. hurricane. D. high pressure. 3. If more water evaporates from the ocean, A. more water vapor will be in the atmosphere. B. the ocean temperature will go up. C. the air temperature will go down. D. more water will flow into streams and lakes. 4. Use the map below to answer this question. The diagonal lines on the map show the A. area of thunderstorms. B. region of lowest pressure. C. warmest temperatures. D. partly cloudy skies. 5. Why does the weather near cities tend to be cloudier and wetter than in rural areas? A. Cities produce more heat and air pollutants than rural areas. B. Cities are colder and have more air pollutants than rural areas. C. Cities have more tall buildings near the clouds than rural areas. D. Cities have fewer trees than rural areas. 1

2 6. Which instrument gives the MOST information about air pressure? A. barometer B. rain gauge C. thermometer D. humidity meter 7. Which group of instruments would be MOST helpful to a scientist who studies weather? A. computer, barometer, thermometer B. thermometer, microscope, telescope C. telescope, seismograph, barometer D. computer, speedometer, satellite 8. Weather satellites help scientists predict the weather by A. taking pictures that show the movement of clouds. B. allowing the weather forecasters around the world to talk with each other. C. measuring sunlight above the clouds and pollution. D. measuring wind speed in the upper atmosphere where they orbit. 9. Wind speed is often measured in A. meters per second. B. degrees. C. kilometers. D. pounds per square inch. 10. Use the chart below to answer this question. According to this chart, the average temperature in November would most likely be A. lower than in October. B. the same as in September. C. the same as in October. D. higher than in September. 2

3 11. A student wants to find out how much rain falls in the schoolyard each day during a one-week period. What is the BEST way to do this? A. Call the weather bureau each day to find out how much rain fell in the state during that week. Record the amount of rain each day. B. Leave a measuring cup out in the schoolyard during school hours. Record how much water is in it at the end of the week. C. Leave a measuring cup out in the schoolyard night and day for a week. Record how much water is in it at the end of the week. D. Leave a measuring cup out in the schoolyard night and day for a week. Record how much water is in it each day. 12. Accurate weather forecasts are probably most important to A. truck drivers. B. baseball players. C. police officers. D. airline pilots. 13. Isobars on a weather map are used to indicate A. air pressure. B. frontal systems. C. moisture in the air. D. cloud cover. 14. Wind speed can be measured using A. an anemometer. B. a thermometer. C. a barometer. D. a spectrometer. 15. Which would show how the outside temperature changed each day for the past 30 days? A. an encyclopedia B. an C. a newspaper D. a book about weather Science4 (MillinerSci4) 3

4 16. Which tool would you use to measure the amount of rain that falls in an area? A. B. C. D. 17. Which instrument is used to measure air pressure? A. thermometer B. barometer C. anemometer D. hygrometer 18. Which is a weather instrument? A. balance B. thermometer C. meterstick D. microscope 19. Which weather instrument is used to measure wind speed? A. anemometer B. barometer C. rain gauge D. thermometer 4

5 20. A dark, funnel-shaped windstorm that comes near the ground and can cause much destruction is a A. tornado. B. blizzard. C. hurricane. D. thunderstorm. 21. Which tool tells the way the wind is blowing? A. barometer B. rain gauge C. thermometer D. weather vane 22. Which tool is NOT used to find out about weather? A. scale B. barometer C. thermometer D. weather vane 23. A person who is measuring temperature, wind direction, and amount of rain is studying A. stars. B. rocks. C. weather. D. animals. 24. Felicia is conducting an investigation on weather. She wants to find out what the temperature is outside her apartment window. What tool should Felicia use? A. barometer B. sundial C. thermometer D. weathervane 25. Which tool can a scientist use to measure temperature? A. cup B. ruler C. balance D. thermometer 26. Science4 (MillinerSci4) Which is a reason it is important to observe and keep records of weather conditions over long periods of time? A. Scientists enjoy keeping weather records. B. Hurricanes can be prevented and lives can be saved. C. The weather changes so little that these are easy records to keep. D. Scientists predict patterns where flooding or drought might occur. 5

6 27. Based on the above symbols, which of the following represents a wind speed of 30 knots? A. B. C. D. Permission has been granted for reproduction by the Virginia Department of Education Virginia Department of Education 6

7 28. Which of the following weather conditions would make you put on a heavy, warm coat and gloves? A. B. C. D. Pemission has been granted for reproduction by the Virginia Department of Education Virginia Department of Education 7

8 Answer Key 1. C) satellites. 2. D) high pressure. 3. A) more water vapor will be in the atmosphere. 4. A) area of thunderstorms. 5. A) Cities produce more heat and air pollutants than rural areas. 6. A) barometer 7. A) computer, barometer, thermometer 8. A) taking pictures that show the movement of clouds. 9. A) meters per second. 10. A) lower than in October. 11. D) Leave a measuring cup out in the schoolyard night and day for a week. Record how much water is in it each day. 12. D) airline pilots. 13. A) air pressure. 14. A) an anemometer. 15. C) a newspaper 16. D) 17. B) barometer 18. B) thermometer 19. A) anemometer 20. A) tornado. 21. D) weather vane 22. A) scale 8

9 23. C) weather. 24. C) thermometer 25. D) thermometer 26. D) Scientists predict patterns where flooding or drought might occur. 27. A) 28. B) 9

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