1 Family Law Information Centre Court Procedure Booklet MAKING AN EX PARTE (WITHOUT NOTICE) APPLICATION IN THE COURT OF QUEEN S BENCH Revised October 2010
3 MAKING AN EX PARTE (WITHOUT NOTICE) APPLICATION IN THE COURT OF QUEEN S BENCH CONTENTS INTRODUCTION... 2 DO YOU NEED TO GO TO COURT?... 3 WHEN TO USE THIS BOOKLET... 3 SHOULD YOU HIRE A LAWYER?... 4 THE COURT FILE... 5 PARENTING AFTER SEPARATION SEMINAR... 6 WILL YOU BE ALLOWED TO APPLY WITHOUT NOTICE?... 6 GETTING READY... 7 GETTING HELP... 8 PREPARING YOUR COURT MATERIALS... 9 FILING YOUR COURT MATERIALS STEP 1- MAKE COPIES OF AFFIDAVIT OR STATEMENT STEP 2 GO TO THE COURT OF QUEEN S BENCH FILING COUNTER TO FILE YOUR AFFIDAVIT OR STATEMENT PREPARING FOR COURT GOING TO COURT AFTER COURT ANY QUESTIONS?? The Family Law Information Centre and Queen s Bench Chambers Office cannot give you legal advice or financial guidance, or predict the outcome of court decision. This booklet provides general information only. You should speak to a lawyer for legal advice about your own situation. Making an Ex Parte Application 1
4 MAKING AN EX PARTE APPLICATION INTRODUCTION This booklet has been prepared for you by the staff at the Family Law Information Centre. You can reach us at: Calgary Family Justice Services 7 th floor, Calgary Courts Centre Street SW Phone Edmonton Family Law Information Centre Main Floor, Law Courts 1A Sir Winston Churchill Square 97 Street & 103A Avenue Phone Grande Prairie Law Information Centre Main Floor, Court House St. Phone: Lethbridge Family Justice Services 1 st Floor, Court House St. S Lethbridge AB T1J 1Z8 Phone: Red Deer Family Justice Services Main Floor, Court House Ave Phone: Medicine Hat Family Justice Services Court House 460 First Street SE Medicine Hat, AB T1A 0A8 Phone Outside these centres, contact us toll free at Making an Ex Parte Application 2
5 Do you need to go to court? You may be able to solve this problem without going to court. You could: Talk to the other party to see if you can reach an agreement; or Come to mediation with the other party you will discuss the problem with a professional who can help the two of you to reach an agreement. If your application deals with child support and your court file is in Edmonton or Calgary, you can come to a Child Support Resolution or Dispute Resolution appointment. If you are interested in mediation, Child Support Resolution or Dispute Resolution, talk to us about how to set that up. Tip: Always put your agreements in writing. Remember: If you have agreed to change a court order, you will need to do a new court order. Talk to us about a consent order. When to use this booklet This booklet tells you what steps to take when: You are making an application in the Court of Queen s Bench of Alberta; You have already started a court action (e.g. divorce, matrimonial property, common law property), OR the application you want to make is under the Family Law Act; You have a special and/or emergency case that makes it necessary to make your court application without first giving copies of your court forms to the other party; and You have chosen not to get a lawyer and will be representing yourself throughout the court process. Tip: The instructions in this booklet are general and apply to most cases. There are cases where different rules apply. The Alberta Rules of Court tells you the process and procedure for all kinds of cases in the Court of Queen s Bench. You can find the Rules of Court in the library in your courthouse or at: Making an Ex Parte Application 3
6 Should You hire a lawyer? The staff at the court house cannot give you legal advice and cannot do your work for you. Lawyers can help with steps along the way. They can: Tell you about your legal rights and obligations; Give you an opinion about what your chances are, or how the judge might decide; Tell you which option is the better choice for you; Complete the court forms and other necessary paperwork; Do legal research to find case law to help convince the judge; Tell you which court materials would be helpful to your case; Help you decide which facts the judge will want to hear; Negotiate with the other side; Rehearse the court hearing with you; Represent you in meetings or in court; Go to court for you if you can t go yourself; Prepare the Order after court; Prepare any letters needed as your matter goes through court; and/or Prepare any follow up documents. Tip: Many lawyers are willing to give unbundled legal services. This means that you can choose which steps the lawyer will do and which steps you will do yourself. If you are interested in this, talk to a lawyer about how unbundled legal services can work in your case. In Calgary and Edmonton, Duty Counsel is available at court. The Duty Counsel program is funded by Calgary Legal Guidance and Legal Aid. The Duty Counsel Lawyers (or students) will speak with you just before court begins, and will help you present your case to the judge. If both parties do not have a lawyer, Duty Counsel will present both sides to the judge. You should hire a lawyer if: You don t want to or can t do the paperwork yourself; You don t want to or can t make several trips to the courthouse during business hours; You will have problems speaking for yourself in the court hearing; or The judge recommends to you that you hire a lawyer. Making an Ex Parte Application 4
7 The Court File The court keeps a file folder with all of the court materials that have been filed in your case. That folder is labeled with a court file number. You must put the court file number on all of your court forms, so that they can be properly filed. If you need to get copies of any of the materials on your court file, you can ask for them. You will be charged $10 to pull the file, plus $1 per page for photocopying. If you want a certified copy of any of the court materials, there will be an extra $10 fee. You must ask for the copies of the court materials from the court where your file is located. For example, if your court file is in Red Deer, you must make your request for copies of the materials to the courthouse in Red Deer. Other provinces courts also keep court files, and will give you copies of court materials if you ask. Their fees may be different. If you are asking for a copy of an Order from another province, always ask for a certified copy. Tip: A certified copy of a court form has a stamp on it saying that it is a certified (or true) copy of the original. It is signed by a court official under the stamp. To be a certified copy, the copy must have this original stamp and signature. Making an Ex Parte Application 5
8 Parenting After Separation Seminar If you want to ask the court for an order for custody or access of children, you must take the Parenting After Separation (PAS) Seminar. PAS is a free 6 hour seminar offered at most courts. In remote locations, it is offered by video. To register for a course, phone: Calgary Drayton Valley Edmonton Edson Fort McMurray Grande Prairie Lethbridge Lloydminster Medicine Hat Peace River Red Deer Slave Lake St. Paul Wetaskiwin Once you re done the course, you will get a certificate, which you must file at the court. Will you be allowed to apply without notice? In almost every court application, the other party must be given notice of the application. You do this by serving them, which is by handing them copies of the court forms that you have filed. A court application made without notice to the other party is called an ex parte application. There are some very limited cases where you can make an application without first serving the other party. Some examples are: You need a special order from the court to help you serve the respondent in a way other than personal service; or You have searched carefully for the other party, but they have completely disappeared; or Your case is an emergency in that your safety or your children s safety is at risk if you serve the other party ahead of time. There may be some other cases where you will be allowed to apply to the court without notice. Talk to a lawyer to see if you can do this. Making an Ex Parte Application 6
9 Getting Ready Before you start to prepare your court forms, you should think about what kinds of documents you will need to prove your case. You will have to attach all of the documents to your Affidavit or Statement, so you will need to collect them ahead of time. In all cases, if you want to change a court order, you will need a copy of that court order. There will be other documents that you will need. Think about what information the judge will want to see to make a decision. Have all of those documents ready before you start preparing your court forms. Look at the instructions that are with your court forms for a more specific list of documents you should be attaching. Tip: You only have one chance to make your case to the court. The judge makes their decision using only the materials that are on the court file. Make sure you have all the information that the judge will need. Making an Ex Parte Application 7
10 Getting Help It is always a good idea to get legal advice before you start. Legal Aid , then ask for the Legal Aid office near you. If you are a low income Albertan, and need a lawyer to take your case, you can apply for help from Legal Aid. Pro Bono (Volunteer) services by lawyers Calgary Legal Guidance Lethbridge Legal Guidance Grande Prairie Legal Guidance Central Alberta Community Legal Clinic (Red Deer) Check the Pro Bono Law Alberta website to see if there are any other services that can help you. Lawyer Referral Service This service will refer you to lawyers in private practice. You will be given the names of 3 lawyers who practice in the type of law you want, and in your area. You can speak to any of them for the first ½ hour for free. There are other services that may be able to help you with legal information (not advice) and the filling in of forms. Some of these are: Student Legal Services (Edmonton) Student Legal Assistance (Calgary) Immigration Services in your area Paralegal Companies in your area Courthouse Libraries These are libraries located in most courthouses in Alberta. You can go to the library to: Do research on cases with facts similar to yours; Find sample court forms for other kinds of court applications; or Look for specific procedures in the Alberta Rules of Court. The library has reference librarians who can answer questions and get you started, however they can not give you legal advice. Making an Ex Parte Application 8
11 PREPARING YOUR COURT MATERIALS When you are making an ex parte application to the Court of Queen s Bench, you must prepare one of the following court forms, depending on what kind of application you are making: An Affidavit; or A Statement. Although these forms have different names, they have the same purpose they tell the court what you want, and why. The Court wants to know what kind of an Order you are asking for, and your story. It is a summary of the why that supports what it is that you are asking for. If you want the Court to know something, it has to be in this court form. For example, you can t say anything to the Court that you haven t already written in your Affidavit or Statement. At the beginning of every form Fill in the following: Court File Number Your file number as written on your other court documents The Judicial Centre, e.g. Edmonton Both parties full names Your complete address and phone number When filling in your Affidavit or Statement, be sure to: Only state the facts that you know to be true Only state the facts that are relevant to what you are asking for Explain why your case is special or an emergency such that you should not have to serve the other party ahead of time Attach copies of all the documents that you want the Court to see Number all of your pages, starting with the first page of your Affidavit and finishing with the last page of your attachments. Your Affidavit or Statement is your evidence and the Court will use this to help makes its decision. There are serious consequences for not telling the truth in this form. Once you have finished filling in your Affidavit or Statement, you must have it sworn before a Commissioner for Oaths. You may come to the Family Justice Services/Family Law Information Centre or the Clerk s office to have your Affidavit or Statement sworn. Bring photo identification with you when you come. Making an Ex Parte Application 9
12 Tips: Remember that you want your court materials to be as neat and easy to read as possible. The easier you can make the job for the judge, the better. Make sure all of your pages have print only on one side (no double sided printing or copying!). If you are using an Affidavit, any attachments will be called exhibits: The Affidavit must explain what each exhibit is. If you want to attach documents as exhibits that are smaller than 8½ by 11 inches, tape them to a piece of paper. Related documents can grouped into one exhibit. Exhibits are labeled with letters: Exhibit A, Exhibit B, etc. Make sure to bring a photocopy of any attachments with you when you have this form sworn otherwise you may lose your original. DO NOT photocopy your Affidavit or Statement until AFTER it is sworn. Making an Ex Parte Application 10
13 FILING YOUR COURT MATERIALS Once you have had your Affidavit or Statement sworn by a Commissioner for Oaths, there are several steps you need to follow to get ready for court. Step 1: Make copies of the Affidavit or Statement. Step 2: Go to the Court of Queen s Bench filing counter to file your court materials. Step 1- Make copies of Affidavit or Statement Remember that you should not make photocopies of this form until after you have had it sworn. After this is done, you should make 2 copies of your Affidavit or Statement (including all exhibits or attachments). Tips: If there is more than one Respondent, then you will have to make one more copy for each extra Respondent. Step 2 Go to the Court of Queen s Bench filing counter to file your Affidavit or Statement Go to the filing counter at the Court of Queen s Bench and hand them your completed Affidavit or Statement. They will stamp and keep the original copy of the form. They will stamp and return your copies to you. Tip: Each court location has a different name for the counter that files these types of forms. Ask us, or ask one of the court staff where the proper filing counter is. Making an Ex Parte Application 11
14 PREPARING FOR COURT Your court application will be heard by a Justice of the Court of Queen s Bench, usually in Morning Chambers. Morning Chambers is where one judge sits in an open courtroom and hears several court applications on a list. The judge goes through the list, starting at 10:00 a.m. You do not need to make an appointment for an ex parte application. The judge will deal with ex parte applications in addition to their scheduled cases. Because there can be many applications on a list for the judge to get through, you want to be sure not to waste any of the Court s time. For this reason, there are some things you should think about before you go to court: Make sure you know what you want to say to the Court; Make sure that everything you want to say to the Court is in your Affidavit or Statement; Remember that you have put a lot of work into preparing and filing your court materials, and you want to be as ready as you can on the court date. The Court of Queen s Bench can seem quite intimidating. Although the staff and judges try to make the court system as open and friendly as possible, there are still some basic things you should know going in: Dress for court in a neat and respectable manner; Be on time; Do not eat, drink or chew gum/tobacco in the courtroom; Remove your hat; Turn off cell phones, pagers and music devices; Make sure you have copies of all of your filed court materials; Make sure to bring a pen and paper to write down the judge s decision, name, room number and the date; Speak clearly and loudly when you are in court; Stand up when the judge is speaking to you or when you are speaking to the judge; Be respectful of the judge and refer to him/her as My Lord/My Lady ; and Be respectful of the other party and do not interrupt them while they are speaking. Making an Ex Parte Application 12
15 GOING TO COURT Try to arrive early, especially if you want to talk to Duty Counsel (In Edmonton or Calgary only) before court. Bring with you: Copy of your Affidavit or Statement Pen and paper Find out which courtroom you should go to by asking the Clerks. In Edmonton and Calgary, in the mornings, Duty Counsel will be outside the courtroom. If you would like their help, speak to them before court. Sit in the gallery area of the courtroom. All conversation in the courtroom is recorded, so it is best to have any discussions outside. Once the judge comes in, you should not talk. If you are in court at 10:00, you will hear the judge say Any ex parte applications?. You will see lawyers and others go to the front of the courtroom and speak to the judge about their applications. When you have the chance, you can go up too. If you arrive after court has started, you may have to wait until the end of the scheduled cases to speak to the judge. Again, you will go to the front of the courtroom to speak to the judge. Stand up to speak. Introduce yourself and hand one of the copies of the Affidavit or Statement to the Clerk to give to the judge. Tell the judge briefly what you want (e.g. I am asking to change my custody order ), then talk about the facts that you have written in your court form and make any arguments you want to make. If the other party has a lawyer, you must tell that to the judge. The judge may ask questions. The judge then gives their decision. You should write down the judge s decision (along with their name and the courtroom number). Family Justice Services / Family Law Information Centre staff will type up the Order for you. You will be told what to do to get a copy of the Order. Making an Ex Parte Application 13
16 Tips: Morning chambers is a busy place and the judge will not be familiar with your file. Make sure you cover all of the important points when you are given your chance to speak. When the judge is giving their decision, make sure they have addressed everything you want decided. If they did not, politely ask the judge about it. It may help to have a checklist with you before you start, so you can make sure the judge has dealt with all of the issues. If the judge tells you that you must give notice to the other party before the Court will hear your application, go to the Family Justice Services / Family Law Information Centre office and the staff can give you the forms and instructions that you will need. Making an Ex Parte Application 14
17 AFTER COURT Make sure your Order is filed. It should have a Clerk of the Court stamp on the first page. You should also receive a certified copy of the Order. In most cases, you will now have to serve the Respondent with: a filed copy of your Order; and a filed copy of your Affidavit or Statement. Unless the judge has made a different order about how to serve, you or another person over the age of 18 must serve the respondent by handdelivering the documents directly to the Respondent (this is called personal service). When serving the court materials: Think about having someone else serve the documents for you ie. ask a friend or family member or hire a process server. Have whoever is delivering the documents make a note of the address where the Respondent is when they hand-deliver the documents; Make sure the person that serves the documents knows that they will have to swear an Affidavit of Service. Tips: You should think about hiring a process server to serve the Respondent for you. You can find one by looking under Process Servers in the yellow pages or on Process servers can sometimes help you find the Respondent, will serve the court materials, and will complete the Affidavit of Service for you. The do charge a fee for their services. After you have served your Order and Affidavit / Statement on the Respondent, you have to prepare your Affidavit of Service. This is the court form that proves to the court that the other party received these documents. Your Affidavit of Service must be completed and sworn by the person who served the documents. The Affidavit of Service will: Explain who delivered the documents; Say the date the documents were delivered; and Making an Ex Parte Application 15
18 Say the address of where the Respondent was served. You must be sure to file the original Affidavit of Service at the clerk s office. Tips If you were making an ex parte application because of an emergency, the judge will likely make an Order to last only a short time. This gives you time to have the respondent served, and allows the respondent to come to court on the next court date to tell the judge their side of the story. The respondent is allowed to file an Affidavit or Statement setting out the facts that they want the judge to know. They must serve you with a copy a reasonable amount of time before your next court date. If you want to respond to anything in their Affidavit or Statement, you can do a supplementary affidavit or an Update Statement. You may need to adjourn the next court date to do this. ANY QUESTIONS?? If you have questions about the steps in the booklet or the court forms given to you, please contact us. Our addresses and phone numbers are on page 2 of this booklet. Making an Ex Parte Application 16
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The Divorce Process What to Expect By Cassandra P. Hicks It is impossible to cover what can happen in any given case so the following is an effort to explain in general terms the overall divorce process
This information can help you if a divorce, custody or visitation case is pending in a Connecticut court and you and the other parent disagree about custody or visitation rights. If your child is involved
DIVORCE PACKET YOUR LEGAL RIGHTS MAY BE BETTER PROTECTED WITH THE HELP OF AN ATTORNEY IF YOU AND YOUR SPOUSE HAVE A CHILD OR CHILDREN, OWN A HOME OR BUSINESS, OR IF EITHER SPOUSE HAS A PENSION OR RETIREMENT
October 2013 To obtain additional copies of this document, or to ask how to contact Victim Services in your area, contact: Victims Services Policy and Program Development Branch Alberta Justice and Solicitor
HOW TO REPRESENT YOURSELF IN CIVIL CASES IN JUSTICE COURT If you are reading this you have either been sued in Justice Court, or you are thinking about suing someone in Justice Court. Following are the
Supporting your client in Court Tips for drug and alcohol workers Legal Aid NSW July 2012 Prepared for NADA Networking for Court Support: Collaboration, Confidence, Court Support and Case Notes Forum Presentation:
INSTRUCTIONS FOR FLORIDA FAMILY LAW RULES OF PROCEDURE FORMS 12.920(a) MOTION FOR REFERRAL TO GENERAL MAGISTRATE 12.920(b) ORDER OF REFERRAL TO GENERAL MAGISTRATE and 12.920(c) NOTICE OF HEARING BEFORE
. UNCONTESTED DIVORCE: Advice for Persons Who Want to Represent Themselves Read this booklet before completing any forms! Copyright 2010, Southeast Tennessee Legal Services, www.selegal.org. Non-commercial