Deciduous Forest. Courtesy of Wayne Herron and Cindy Brady, U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Deciduous Forest. Courtesy of Wayne Herron and Cindy Brady, U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service"

Transcription

1 Deciduous Forest INTRODUCTION Temperate deciduous forests are found in middle latitudes with temperate climates. Deciduous means that the trees in this forest change with the seasons. In fall, the leaves change color. In fall and winter the leaves fall off the tree. In spring the leaves grow back. Examples of deciduous trees are maples, oaks, and elms. Courtesy of Wayne Herron and Cindy Brady, U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service Fall colors in the Chattahoochee-Oconee National Forests along the Russell-Brasstown National Scenic Byway. Page 1 of 6

2 ABIOTIC DATA Temperate climates are not considered to have extremes of hot or cold, compared to deserts or polar regions. The average annual temperature in a temperate deciduous forest is 10 C (50 F). Weather changes throughout the year, however winters have short days with little sunlight. Summer days are long and sunny. The temperature in January might drop to 12 C (10F). In summer, it might be as warm as 27 C (81 F). The growing season lasts 140 to 200 days, or 4 to 6 months. Data from Missouri Botanical Garden The annual rainfall in a temperate deciduous forest is 75 to 150 centimeters (30 to 60 inches) a year. Temperate deciduous forests receive more rain annually than any other environment except rain forests. In winter, precipitation may fall as snow. Annual precipitation ranges from 75 to 150 centimeters (30 to 60 inches) a year. BIOTIC DATA Animals and plants in temperate deciduous forests have adaptations to cope with seasonal changes in heat, moisture, and food. Some mammals hibernate. Others grow thick coats of fur to protect them from winter temperatures. Many birds migrate south during winter. The temperate deciduous forest contains a variety of trees and other plants. Deciduous trees dominate the forest, although there may be some coniferous and broad-leaf evergreen trees, too. There are usually three to four species of trees per square kilometer. Species include oak, hickory, beech, hemlock, maple, basswood, cottonwood, elm, and willow. Deciduous trees are also called hardwoods. These trees are usually slow growing and very long lived. They are desirable woods for furniture and woodworking. The forest canopy is moderately dense and allows light to penetrate. This available light results in well-developed and richly diverse vegetation below the treetops. The understory supports a wide variety of shrubs and bushes. Many bloom in early spring before canopy trees have full-grown leaves. Shrubs and bushes are also found in open meadows and at the forest edges. The understory includes rhododendron, azalea, dogwood, berries, and springflowering herbs. Page 2 of 6

3 A pair of wild turkeys stroll through this deciduous forest. A robin searches among the grass for earthworms and insects. Deciduous trees and plants have special adaptations for survival. During the winter, little water is available and days are short. Photosynthesis stops, leaves fall off, and the tree or plant is relatively dormant. When the days are longer and water becomes available again in the spring, leaves grow back and photosynthesis begins again. When deciduous trees shed their leaves, a layer forms on the forest floor. This thick layer of leaves decays and enriches the soil. The result is a fertile habitat for fungi, bacteria, earthworms, and insects. Small birds, such as thrushes, and mammals, such as mice, eat these organisms. Larger creatures, such as snakes, hawks, coyotes, and mountain lions, prey upon these smaller animals. Temperate deciduous forests provide abundant food for a variety of life-forms. A raccoon is one of the residents of a deciduous forest. Courtesy of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Whitetail deer are one of the most numerous wildlife species in the United States today. They are important prey for cougars, grizzly bears, and wolves. The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service estimates their population at million. Regulated hunting seasons help control whitetail populations. Why Do Leaves Change Color in Fall? One of the most spectacular times in a deciduous forest is fall, when green leaves turn brilliant red, orange, gold, Page 3 of 6

4 and even purple. During spring and summer, leaves use photosynthesis to manufacture the food necessary for a tree's growth. Photosynthesis takes place in the cells that contain chlorophyll, a pigment. Leaves also contain smaller amounts of red, orange, and yellow pigments, masked much of the year by green chlorophyll. As the days become shorter and nights cooler, photosynthesis stops. The chlorophyll breaks down, revealing other pigments. Other chemical changes can create even more pigments yellow, red, and blue which you see in the red and purple of maples or the bronze or brown of oak and beech. Colors on the same tree can vary from year to year. When fall is dry and cold, colors are brilliant, but a warm and rainy fall is less colorful. Fall colors on a forest road. This northern cardinal adds some welcome color to the winter landscapes of deciduous forests. Fires in a Forest Ecosystem Forest fires can occur from lightning strikes or through human carelessness. Fires are essential to the natural succession of a forest. As a forest matures, a dense canopy formed by older trees blocks sunlight to the forest floor. Leaves, fallen branches, and debris build up. Fires destroy some of the mature trees, but open up areas and let in the sunlight. Grasses, wildflowers, and small trees and shrubs quickly take over and grow in these forest meadows. These areas eventually develop into mature forest. This change to the forest vegetation is called succession. A healthy forest has a mix of mature forest, meadows, and everything in between. Each area provides different habitats for wildlife and assures a rich diversity of organisms. Page 4 of 6

5 Courtesy of Bureau of Land Management Fires can be started by natural causes such as lightning or by human carelessness. ISSUES The issues that affect deciduous forests are similar to those of other forested areas. Temperate deciduous forests are one of the most altered biomes on Earth. If you compare a map of population density of the world with one showing temperate deciduous forests, you will find that a good portion of the world s population lives in this temperate region. Humans have used trees for firewood, construction, and paper for a long time. When the first European settlers arrived in America in the 1600s, forests stretched from the Atlantic Ocean to the Mississippi River. Deciduous trees dominated most of these forests. Settlers cleared much of this forested land for their homes. The trees were used for building and fuel. The forest soils provided rich farmland. Today large stretches of temperate deciduous forests have reclaimed some of the farmland in the eastern United States. Courtesy of Charles Steinhacker, Environmental Protection Agency Logging trucks check in at the Oxford Paper Mill at Rumford on the Androscoggin River, Maine. An area of forest that has been clear-cut. Trees are cut for firewood, construction material, and paper. They are still cleared for farming and building sites. Forest fires destroy old forest, as well as human structures. Valuable lumber sources can also be destroyed. Even Page 5 of 6

6 if a natural fire is good for the overall health of the forest, the destruction of resources and wildlife may seem too much waste for many people. Whether or not a forest is allowed to burn ignites controversy on both sides. About 7.9 million hectares (19.5 million acres) of deciduous forest disappear every year. The largest share of moist decidous forest disappears in Latin America and the Caribbean, with 3.2 million hectares (7.9 million acres) lost. Forty percent of the world's dry deciduous forest disappears from Sudan, Paraguay, Brazil, and India. Destruction of large areas of forest creates environmental catastrophes, including alteration of local rainfall patterns, accelerated soil erosion, floods, and habitat loss for millions of species of plants, animals, and insects. Weather and climate also affect the temperate forests. Northern hemisphere temperate deciduous forests lie in the areas that are most affected by severe winter weather. Scientists are looking at information that suggests that Earth is gradually warming. This would affect the habitats of plants and animals. As weather patterns shift, these areas might receive even more precipitation or might receive even more severe weather. A warmer climate might affect the types of plants that grow in the area, and a shift in precipitation patterns might make the area too dry for some tree species. Changing climate is expected to increase both evaporation and precipitation in most areas of the United States. In those areas where evaporation increases more than precipitation, soil will become drier, lake levels will drop, and rivers will carry less water. Lower river flows and lower lake levels would affect navigation, hydroelectric power generation, and water quality, and reduce the supplies of water available for all types of uses. Page 6 of 6

Biology Keystone (PA Core) Quiz Ecology - (BIO.B.4.1.1 ) Ecological Organization, (BIO.B.4.1.2 ) Ecosystem Characteristics, (BIO.B.4.2.

Biology Keystone (PA Core) Quiz Ecology - (BIO.B.4.1.1 ) Ecological Organization, (BIO.B.4.1.2 ) Ecosystem Characteristics, (BIO.B.4.2. Biology Keystone (PA Core) Quiz Ecology - (BIO.B.4.1.1 ) Ecological Organization, (BIO.B.4.1.2 ) Ecosystem Characteristics, (BIO.B.4.2.1 ) Energy Flow 1) Student Name: Teacher Name: Jared George Date:

More information

Key Idea 2: Ecosystems

Key Idea 2: Ecosystems Key Idea 2: Ecosystems Ecosystems An ecosystem is a living community of plants and animals sharing an environment with non-living elements such as climate and soil. An example of a small scale ecosystem

More information

Communities, Biomes, and Ecosystems

Communities, Biomes, and Ecosystems Communities, Biomes, and Ecosystems Before You Read Before you read the chapter, respond to these statements. 1. Write an A if you agree with the statement. 2. Write a D if you disagree with the statement.

More information

6.4 Taigas and Tundras

6.4 Taigas and Tundras 6.4 Taigas and Tundras In this section, you will learn about the largest and coldest biomes on Earth. The taiga is the largest land biome and the tundra is the coldest. The taiga The largest land biome

More information

4. Which choice below lists the biomes in order from lowest precipitation amounts to highest precipitation amounts?

4. Which choice below lists the biomes in order from lowest precipitation amounts to highest precipitation amounts? Ecosystems and Biomes 1. All of the living organisms in a forest plus their environment is an example of A. a biome. B. a community. C. a population. D. an ecosystem. 2. Which of the following best describes

More information

THE ECOSYSTEM - Biomes

THE ECOSYSTEM - Biomes Biomes The Ecosystem - Biomes Side 2 THE ECOSYSTEM - Biomes By the end of this topic you should be able to:- SYLLABUS STATEMENT ASSESSMENT STATEMENT CHECK NOTES 2.4 BIOMES 2.4.1 Define the term biome.

More information

DESCRIBING DESERT, TAIGA, AND TUNDRA BIOMES

DESCRIBING DESERT, TAIGA, AND TUNDRA BIOMES Lesson B5 1 DESCRIBING DESERT, TAIGA, AND TUNDRA BIOMES Unit B. Science and Technology in Wildlife Management Problem Area 5. Desert, Taiga, and Tundra Biomes National Academic Standard. NS.9-12.1 Science

More information

Name Date Hour. Plants grow in layers. The canopy receives about 95% of the sunlight leaving little sun for the forest floor.

Name Date Hour. Plants grow in layers. The canopy receives about 95% of the sunlight leaving little sun for the forest floor. Name Date Hour Directions: You are to complete the table by using your environmental text book and the example given here. You want to locate all the abiotic (non-living) and biotic (living) factors in

More information

Chapter 3 Communities, Biomes, and Ecosystems

Chapter 3 Communities, Biomes, and Ecosystems Communities, Biomes, and Ecosystems Section 1: Community Ecology Section 2: Terrestrial Biomes Section 3: Aquatic Ecosystems Click on a lesson name to select. 3.1 Community Ecology Communities A biological

More information

Climate, Vegetation, and Landforms

Climate, Vegetation, and Landforms Climate, Vegetation, and Landforms Definitions Climate is the average weather of a place over many years Geographers discuss five broad types of climates Moderate, dry, tropical, continental, polar Vegetation:

More information

3.1. Succession, Recovery, and Renewal in Natural Communities. A35 Starting Point. What Happens to a Vacant Lot?

3.1. Succession, Recovery, and Renewal in Natural Communities. A35 Starting Point. What Happens to a Vacant Lot? 3.1 Succession, Recovery, and Renewal in Natural Communities Here is a summary of what you will learn in this section: Ecosystems change in predictable ways known as succession. Ecosystems can establish

More information

Desert Communities Third Grade Core: Standard 2 Objective 2 Describe the interactions between living and nonliving things in a small environment.

Desert Communities Third Grade Core: Standard 2 Objective 2 Describe the interactions between living and nonliving things in a small environment. Desert Communities Third Grade Core: Standard 2 Objective 2 Describe the interactions between living and nonliving things in a small environment. (Discovering Deserts NatureScope: page 40, 43, 44) Objective:

More information

Use this diagram of a food web to answer questions 1 through 5.

Use this diagram of a food web to answer questions 1 through 5. North arolina Testing Program EO iology Sample Items Goal 4 Use this diagram of a food web to answer questions 1 through 5. coyotes 3. If these organisms were arranged in a food pyramid, which organism

More information

The Polar Climate Zones

The Polar Climate Zones The Polar Climate Zones How cold is it in the polar climate? Polar areas are the coldest of all the major climate zones The Sun is hardly ever high enough in the sky to cause the plentiful ice to melt,

More information

Backyard Buffers. Protecting Habitat and Water Quality

Backyard Buffers. Protecting Habitat and Water Quality Backyard Buffers Protecting Habitat and Water Quality What is a buffer? A buffer (also called a riparian buffer area or zone) is the strip of natural vegetation along the bank of a stream, lake or other

More information

Biomes An Overview of Ecology Biomes Freshwater Biomes

Biomes An Overview of Ecology Biomes Freshwater Biomes Biomes An Overview of Ecology Ecology is the scientific study of the interactions between organisms and their environments. Ecology can be divided into four increasingly comprehensive levels: Organismal

More information

ELEMENTARY-LEVEL SCIENCE TEST

ELEMENTARY-LEVEL SCIENCE TEST 4THE UNIVERSITY OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK SPRING 2008 GRADE 4 ELEMENTARY-LEVEL SCIENCE TEST WRITTEN TEST Student Name School Name Print your name and the name of your school on the lines above. The test

More information

Lesson 1. Objectives: ocus: Subjects:

Lesson 1. Objectives: ocus: Subjects: Lesson 1 The Web of Life Objectives: 1. Understand the concept of an ecosystem. 2. Understand the interdependence of members of an ecosystem. Subjects: 1. Ecology 2. Language 3. Art MATERIALS: Copies of

More information

Unit 6 - Habitats. Kinds of habitats

Unit 6 - Habitats. Kinds of habitats Unit 6 - Habitats A habitat is a place where certain organisms (plant and animal species) naturally live and grow. Like your home, habitats support life by providing the food, water and shelter that its

More information

Ecology 1 Star. 1. Missing from the diagram of this ecosystem are the

Ecology 1 Star. 1. Missing from the diagram of this ecosystem are the Name: ate: 1. Missing from the diagram of this ecosystem are the 5. ase your answer(s) to the following question(s) on the diagram below and on your knowledge of biology.. biotic factors and decomposers.

More information

Communities and Biomes

Communities and Biomes Name Date Class Communities and Biomes Section 3.1 Communities n your textbook, read about living in a community. Determine if the statement is true. f it is not, rewrite the italicized part to make it

More information

CHAPTER 20 COMMUNITY ECOLOGY

CHAPTER 20 COMMUNITY ECOLOGY CHAPTER 20 COMMUNITY ECOLOGY MULTIPLE CHOICE 1. The relationship between a predator and its prey is best illustrated by a. a snake eating a bird. c. a lion eating a zebra. b. a fox eating a mouse. d. a

More information

ENVIRONMENTAL CHANGES

ENVIRONMENTAL CHANGES reflect How do you respond to environmental changes? Maybe you wear different types of clothes in different seasons. Maybe you only ride your bike during certain times of the year. What if you moved to

More information

Post-Wildfire Clean-Up and Response in Houston Toad Habitat Best Management Practices

Post-Wildfire Clean-Up and Response in Houston Toad Habitat Best Management Practices Post-Wildfire Clean-Up and Response in Houston Toad Habitat Best Management Practices Purpose The purpose of this document is to provide guidance and recommendations for minimizing potential impacts to

More information

Communities, Biomes, and Ecosystems

Communities, Biomes, and Ecosystems Chapter Test A CHAPTER 3 Communities, Biomes, and Ecosystems Part A: Multiple Choice In the space at the left, write the letter of the term or phrase that best answers each question Part B: Matching 1

More information

Ranger Report About Tropical Rainforest (in Costa Rica)

Ranger Report About Tropical Rainforest (in Costa Rica) 1. Ranger Report About Tropical Rainforest (in Costa Rica) www. Therainforestrangers.com About Rainforest Images by Jan Dwire A rainforest is an environment that receives high rainfall and is dominated

More information

Matter and Energy in Ecosystems

Matter and Energy in Ecosystems Matter and Energy in Ecosystems The interactions that take place among biotic and abiotic factors lead to transfers of energy and matter. Every species has a particular role, or niche, in an ecosystem.

More information

Plants, like all other living organisms have basic needs: a source of nutrition (food),

Plants, like all other living organisms have basic needs: a source of nutrition (food), LEARNING FROM LEAVES: A LOOK AT LEAF SIZE Grades 3 6 I. Introduction Plants, like all other living organisms have basic needs: a source of nutrition (food), water, space in which to live, air, and optimal

More information

REVIEW UNIT 10: ECOLOGY SAMPLE QUESTIONS

REVIEW UNIT 10: ECOLOGY SAMPLE QUESTIONS Period Date REVIEW UNIT 10: ECOLOGY SAMPLE QUESTIONS A. Sample Multiple Choice Questions Complete the multiple choice questions to review this unit. 1. All of the following are density-dependent factors

More information

defined largely by regional variations in climate

defined largely by regional variations in climate 1 Physical Environment: Climate and Biomes EVPP 110 Lecture Instructor: Dr. Largen Fall 2003 2 Climate and Biomes Ecosystem concept physical and biological components of environment are considered as single,

More information

Region of Georgia : Mountains

Region of Georgia : Mountains Region of Georgia : Mountains Northern most region of GA Cold weather in the winter Brasstown Bald is the highest point in Georgia Lots of creeks and streams High above sea level Poor soil for farming

More information

Lesson Plan Two - Ecosystems

Lesson Plan Two - Ecosystems Lesson Plan Two - Ecosystems Summary Students discuss what living things need to survive. They identify the abiotic and biotic components of an ecosystem and describe the roles and interactions of producers

More information

Principles of Ecology

Principles of Ecology 2 Principles of Ecology section 1 Organisms and Their Relationships Before You Read On the lines below, list the organisms that you have encountered today. You share the same environment with these organisms.

More information

Producers, Consumers, and Food Webs

Producers, Consumers, and Food Webs reflect Think about the last meal you ate. Where did the food come from? Maybe it came from the grocery store or a restaurant. Maybe it even came from your backyard. Now think of a lion living on the plains

More information

Photo courtesy of the National Wild Turkey Federation NON-GAME GAME

Photo courtesy of the National Wild Turkey Federation NON-GAME GAME FORESTS AND WILDLIFE Wildlife and forest management are not only compatible, but are interrelated. Developing an active forest resource management plan allows you to place a special emphasis on wildlife

More information

NOTE TO TEACHER: It is appropriate to introduce the mitochondria (where energy is made) as a major structure common to all cells.

NOTE TO TEACHER: It is appropriate to introduce the mitochondria (where energy is made) as a major structure common to all cells. 5.2.1 Recall the cell as the smallest unit of life and identify its major structures (including cell membrane, cytoplasm, nucleus, and vacuole). Taxonomy level: 1.1 and 1.2-A Remember Factual Knowledge

More information

Tropical rainforests grow in areas of high rainfall, they are found between the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn.

Tropical rainforests grow in areas of high rainfall, they are found between the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn. Tracking KS3 the Tropics In our Tropical Rainforest Biome you will discover how plants, animals and people of the Tropical Rainforest fit together. Let s Start! Look point 1 (Map on Left as you enter the

More information

Section 1 The Earth System

Section 1 The Earth System Section 1 The Earth System Key Concept Earth is a complex system made up of many smaller systems through which matter and energy are continuously cycled. What You Will Learn Energy and matter flow through

More information

Overview. Suggested Lesson Please see the Greenlinks Module description.

Overview. Suggested Lesson Please see the Greenlinks Module description. Overview Plants interact with their environment in many ways that we cannot see. Children often enjoy learning about these hidden secrets of plant life. In this lesson, children will learn about role of

More information

Ecology Module B, Anchor 4

Ecology Module B, Anchor 4 Ecology Module B, Anchor 4 Key Concepts: - The biological influences on organisms are called biotic factors. The physical components of an ecosystem are called abiotic factors. - Primary producers are

More information

NATURAL REGIONS OF KENTUCKY

NATURAL REGIONS OF KENTUCKY NATURAL WONDERS As you travel around Kentucky taking pictures, you are excited by what you see. Kentucky offers diverse and amazing sights. The Six Regions In the West, you see the Mississippi River, the

More information

Ranger Report About Deforestation of the Rainforest

Ranger Report About Deforestation of the Rainforest Ranger Report About Deforestation of the Rainforest About deforestation Forests are cut down for many reasons, but most of them are related to money or to people s need to provide for their families. The

More information

Climate Change: A Local Focus on a Global Issue Newfoundland and Labrador Curriculum Links 2010-2011

Climate Change: A Local Focus on a Global Issue Newfoundland and Labrador Curriculum Links 2010-2011 Climate Change: A Local Focus on a Global Issue Newfoundland and Labrador Curriculum Links 2010-2011 HEALTH Kindergarten: Grade 1: Grade 2: Know that litter can spoil the environment. Grade 3: Grade 4:

More information

Fighting Fire with Fire: Can Fire Positively Impact an Ecosystem?

Fighting Fire with Fire: Can Fire Positively Impact an Ecosystem? Fighting Fire with Fire: Can Fire Positively Impact an Ecosystem? Science Topic: Fire Ecology Grades: 6 th 8 th Essential Questions: What role does fire play in maintaining healthy ecosystems? How does

More information

A STUDY OF BIOMES. In this module the students will research and illustrate the different biomes of the world.

A STUDY OF BIOMES. In this module the students will research and illustrate the different biomes of the world. A STUDY OF BIOMES http://bellnetweb.brc.tamus.edu/res_grid/biomes.htm A HIGH SCHOOL BIOLOGY / ECOLOGY MODULE Summary: In this module the students will research and illustrate the different biomes of the

More information

What Are Rainforests?

What Are Rainforests? What Are Rainforests? Where are tropical rainforests located? Tropical rainforests are located close to the Equator between the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn. This means that it is always

More information

4THE UNIVERSITY OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK

4THE UNIVERSITY OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK 4THE UNIVERSITY OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK GRADE 4 ELEMENTARY-LEVEL SCIENCE TEST WRITTEN TEST JUNE 6, 2011 Student Name School Name Print your name and the name of your school on the lines above. The test

More information

If you would like more biome reading comprehensions like this, check out my Biome Bundle. It is on sale for 50% off for 3 days only!

If you would like more biome reading comprehensions like this, check out my Biome Bundle. It is on sale for 50% off for 3 days only! If you would like more biome reading comprehensions like this, check out my Biome Bundle. It is on sale for 50% off for 3 days only! Includes: Coral Reefs Deserts Grasslands Arctic Tundra Wetlands Rainforest

More information

ECOSYSTEM RESPONSES. reflect

ECOSYSTEM RESPONSES. reflect reflect There is a saying, No man is an island, which means that people need one another in order to survive. Everyone on Earth is interconnected in some way. This is not only true of human beings, but

More information

www.irishseedsavers.ie Natural surface water on earth includes lakes, ponds, streams, rivers, estuaries, seas and oceans.

www.irishseedsavers.ie Natural surface water on earth includes lakes, ponds, streams, rivers, estuaries, seas and oceans. www.irishseedsavers.ie POND LIFE FACT SHEET Natural surface water on earth includes lakes, ponds, streams, rivers, estuaries, seas and oceans. A pond is a small body of fresh water shallow enough for sunlight

More information

ENDANGERED AND THREATENED

ENDANGERED AND THREATENED ENDANGERED AND THREATENED Understand how species in the Sonoran Desert Region may become endangered or threatened and what is being done to protect them. ARIZONA SCIENCE STANDARDS SC03-S4C3-03&04, SC08-S1C3-07,

More information

Photosynthesis. Grade-Level Expectations The exercises in these instructional tasks address content related to the following grade-level expectations:

Photosynthesis. Grade-Level Expectations The exercises in these instructional tasks address content related to the following grade-level expectations: GRADE 5 SCIENCE INSTRUCTIONAL TASKS Photosynthesis Grade-Level Expectations The exercises in these instructional tasks address content related to the following grade-level expectations: SI-M-A5 Use evidence

More information

Protecting Your Forest Asset

Protecting Your Forest Asset Multiage forests offer many options for improving forest health and reducing risk. Protecting Your Forest Asset MANAGING RISKS IN CHANGING TIMES REGIONAL PEER-REVIEWED PUBLICATION SREF-FM-0018 Private

More information

Questions for Discussion. Introduction. What is ph? Neutralization

Questions for Discussion. Introduction. What is ph? Neutralization Questions for Discussion Why do leaves change color in autumn? What are acids and bases? How does red cabbage fit in? How are all these things related? Introduction The questions above may not seem related,

More information

WEATHER, CLIMATE AND ADAPTATIONS OF ANIMALS TO CLIMATE

WEATHER, CLIMATE AND ADAPTATIONS OF ANIMALS TO CLIMATE 7 WEATHER, CLIMATE AND ADAPTATIONS OF ANIMALS TO CLIMATE TEXTBOOK QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS Q.1. Why weather changes so frequently? Ans. All changes in the weather are caused by the sun. The movement of the

More information

PLANET EARTH: Seasonal Forests

PLANET EARTH: Seasonal Forests PLANET EARTH: Seasonal Forests Teacher s Guide Grade Level: 6-8 Running Time: 42 minutes Program Description Investigate temperate forests and find some of the most elusive creatures and welladapted plant

More information

Although greatly MOUNTAINS AND SEA BRITISH COLUMBIA S AWIDE RANGE OF. Environment. Old Forests. Plants. Animals

Although greatly MOUNTAINS AND SEA BRITISH COLUMBIA S AWIDE RANGE OF. Environment. Old Forests. Plants. Animals BRITISH COLUMBIA is Canada s westernmost province. From island-dotted Pacific coast to spectacular Rocky Mountain peak, and from hot dry grassland to moist and majestic coastal forest, British Columbia

More information

Lesson Overview. Biodiversity. Lesson Overview. 6.3 Biodiversity

Lesson Overview. Biodiversity. Lesson Overview. 6.3 Biodiversity Lesson Overview 6.3 6.3 Objectives Define biodiversity and explain its value. Identify current threats to biodiversity. Describe how biodiversity can be preserved. THINK ABOUT IT From multicolored coral

More information

By Gerald Urquhart, Walter Chomentowski, David Skole, and Chris Barber http://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/library/deforestation/

By Gerald Urquhart, Walter Chomentowski, David Skole, and Chris Barber http://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/library/deforestation/ By Gerald Urquhart, Walter Chomentowski, David Skole, and Chris Barber http://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/library/deforestation/ The clearing of tropical forests across the Earth has been occurring on a

More information

Which of the following can be determined based on this model? The atmosphere is the only reservoir on Earth that can store carbon in any form. A.

Which of the following can be determined based on this model? The atmosphere is the only reservoir on Earth that can store carbon in any form. A. Earth s Cycles 1. Models are often used to explain scientific knowledge or experimental results. A model of the carbon cycle is shown below. Which of the following can be determined based on this model?

More information

taiga Encyclopedic Entry boreal forest

taiga Encyclopedic Entry boreal forest This website would like to remind you: Your browser (Apple Safari 7) is out of date. Update your browser for more security, comfort and the best experience on this site. Encyclopedic Entry taiga boreal

More information

Tropical Rainforest. Abiotic Factors Amount of Water, Sunlight, Soil, Precipitation

Tropical Rainforest. Abiotic Factors Amount of Water, Sunlight, Soil, Precipitation World Biomes A biome is an area of land that shares similar temperatures and precipitation. The observation of the temperature and precipitation over a period time make up a biome s climate. Each biome

More information

Geography affects climate.

Geography affects climate. KEY CONCEPT Climate is a long-term weather pattern. BEFORE, you learned The Sun s energy heats Earth s surface unevenly The atmosphere s temperature changes with altitude Oceans affect wind flow NOW, you

More information

Healthy Forests Resilient Water Supply Vibrant Economy. Ecological Restoration Institute

Healthy Forests Resilient Water Supply Vibrant Economy. Ecological Restoration Institute Healthy Forests Resilient Water Supply Vibrant Economy Ecological Restoration Institute How Water Gets to Your Home MOST OF THE VALLEY S WATER SUPPLY comes from winter precipitation and runoff from Arizona

More information

What Causes Climate? Use Target Reading Skills

What Causes Climate? Use Target Reading Skills Climate and Climate Change Name Date Class Climate and Climate Change Guided Reading and Study What Causes Climate? This section describes factors that determine climate, or the average weather conditions

More information

Georgia Habitats. Animal/Plant Habitats. Sort. Mountains. www.georgia touristguide.com. www.goergiatouristguide.com

Georgia Habitats. Animal/Plant Habitats. Sort. Mountains. www.georgia touristguide.com. www.goergiatouristguide.com Georgia Habitats Animal/Plant Habitats Sort Mountains www.georgia touristguide.com www.goergiatouristguide.com Sort the 5 regions of Georgia cards in 5 columns. Read the description of each region on the

More information

Rainforest Concern Module 2 Why do we need rainforests?

Rainforest Concern Module 2 Why do we need rainforests? Rainforest Concern Module 2 Why do we need rainforests? Rainforest Concern Module 2: Why do we need Rainforest? Before we go any further, there are some words you may not understand, and these words and

More information

CLIMATE, WATER & LIVING PATTERNS THINGS

CLIMATE, WATER & LIVING PATTERNS THINGS CLIMATE, WATER & LIVING PATTERNS NAME THE SIX MAJOR CLIMATE REGIONS DESCRIBE EACH CLIMATE REGION TELL THE FIVE FACTORS THAT AFFECT CLIMATE EXPLAIN HOW THOSE FACTORS AFFECT CLIMATE DESCRIBE HOW CLIMATES

More information

Chapter 18 Introduction to. A f r i c a

Chapter 18 Introduction to. A f r i c a Chapter 18 Introduction to A f r i c a Ch. 18:1 Landforms & Resources 1. Africa s shape & landforms are the result of its location in the southern part of the ancient supercontinent of. Pangaea Over thousands

More information

Climate Change on the Prairie:

Climate Change on the Prairie: Climate Change on the Prairie: A Basic Guide to Climate Change in the High Plains Region - UPDATE Global Climate Change Why does the climate change? The Earth s climate has changed throughout history and

More information

Ecosystems. The two main ecosystem processes: Energy flow and Chemical cycling

Ecosystems. The two main ecosystem processes: Energy flow and Chemical cycling Ecosystems THE REALM OF ECOLOGY Biosphere An island ecosystem A desert spring ecosystem Biosphere Ecosystem Ecology: Interactions between the species in a given habitat and their physical environment.

More information

food webs reflect look out! what do you think?

food webs reflect look out! what do you think? reflect Imagine for a moment that you stay after school one day to clean up the classroom. While cleaning, you move some plants away from the sunny windows. A week later, you remember to move the plants

More information

HOW AN ENERGY EFFICIENT HOME CAN HELP THE ENVIRONMENT

HOW AN ENERGY EFFICIENT HOME CAN HELP THE ENVIRONMENT HOW AN ENERGY EFFICIENT HOME CAN HELP THE ENVIRONMENT During the last century, concern about the environment increased, as issues such as global warming and the Greenhouse Effect convinced us that the

More information

8.2 Cells and Energy. What is photosynthesis? Photosynthesis takes place in the chloroplasts. CHAPTER 8. Solar cells and chloroplasts

8.2 Cells and Energy. What is photosynthesis? Photosynthesis takes place in the chloroplasts. CHAPTER 8. Solar cells and chloroplasts CHAPTER 8 CELL PROCESSES 8.2 Cells and Energy To stay alive, you need a constant supply of energy. You need energy to move, think, grow, and even sleep. Where does that energy come from? It all starts

More information

Animal Environmental Internal Response Types

Animal Environmental Internal Response Types Animal Environmental Internal Response Types Stimuli Stimuli Panting (P) Sweating (S) 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. What happens to you internally (in your body) when you run as fast as you can around

More information

Food Webs and Food Chains Grade Five

Food Webs and Food Chains Grade Five Ohio Standards Connection: Life Sciences Benchmark B Analyze plant and animal structures and functions needed for survival and describe the flow of energy through a system that all organisms use to survive.

More information

XVI. Science and Technology/Engineering, Grade 5

XVI. Science and Technology/Engineering, Grade 5 XVI. Science and Technology/Engineering, Grade 5 Grade 5 Science and Technology/Engineering Test The spring 2013 grade 5 Science and Technology/Engineering test was based on learning standards in the four

More information

What We ll Cover this Evening

What We ll Cover this Evening Master Wildlifer 2013 Managing Wildlife on Private Lands Greg Yarrow, Chair and Professor Natural Resources School of Agricultural, Forest, & Environmental Sciences Clemson University Clemson, South Carolina,

More information

2. What kind of energy is stored in food? A. chemical energy B. heat energy C. kinetic energy D. light energy

2. What kind of energy is stored in food? A. chemical energy B. heat energy C. kinetic energy D. light energy Assessment Bank Matter and Energy in Living Things SC.8.L.18.4 1. What is energy? A. anything that takes up space B. anything that has mass C. the ability to conduct current D. the ability to do work 2.

More information

Preparing for Success: Waterfowl Habitat Management Annual Planning by Houston Havens

Preparing for Success: Waterfowl Habitat Management Annual Planning by Houston Havens Preparing for Success: Waterfowl Habitat Management Annual Planning by Houston Havens While working with private landowners and wetland managers over the past several years, I ve noticed a common theme

More information

Rainforest Rescuers Overview

Rainforest Rescuers Overview Rainforest Rescuers Overview Rainforest Rescuers takes students into a thriving coastal rainforest to learn about its ecosystem and the delicate balance and interdependence of its flora and fauna. Through

More information

5.1 Ecosystems, Energy, and Nutrients

5.1 Ecosystems, Energy, and Nutrients CHAPTER 5 ECOSYSTEMS 5.1 Ecosystems, Energy, and Nutrients Did anyone ever ask you the question: Where do you get your energy? Energy enters our world from the Sun but how does the Sun s energy become

More information

TREE STRUCTURE AND BIOLOGY

TREE STRUCTURE AND BIOLOGY TREE STRUCTURE AND BIOLOGY Introduction. Sarasota County lies along a transient tension zone line. In this region, climate cycles cause periods of warmer weather, when normally tropical trees find their

More information

CGC1D1: Interactions in the Physical Environment Factors that Affect Climate

CGC1D1: Interactions in the Physical Environment Factors that Affect Climate Name: Date: Day/Period: CGC1D1: Interactions in the Physical Environment Factors that Affect Climate Chapter 12 in the Making Connections textbook deals with Climate Connections. Use pages 127-144 to fill

More information

Regional Parks Botanic Garden Plant Adaptations to Habitat Tour: Selected Plant Adaptations by Garden Section

Regional Parks Botanic Garden Plant Adaptations to Habitat Tour: Selected Plant Adaptations by Garden Section INTRO Regional Parks Botanic Garden Plant Adaptations to Habitat Tour: Selected Plant Adaptations by Garden Section Tools (optional, but nice to use): -Discovery Scope -Spray bottle of water--from the

More information

Taking the Classroom Outside By Ashley Schopieray

Taking the Classroom Outside By Ashley Schopieray Taking the Classroom Outside By Ashley Schopieray Background Introduction If you had the choice to spend the day outside or go to school and sit inside all day, which would you choose? Spending time outdoors

More information

Sullivan s Island Bird Banding and Environmental Education Program. Sarah Harper Díaz, MA and Jennifer Tyrrell, MS

Sullivan s Island Bird Banding and Environmental Education Program. Sarah Harper Díaz, MA and Jennifer Tyrrell, MS Sullivan s Island Bird Banding and Environmental Education Program Sarah Harper Díaz, MA and Jennifer Tyrrell, MS I. Introduction The Sullivan s Island Bird Banding and Environmental Education Program

More information

Main Menu Table of Contents Back Chapter 16 Biomes

Main Menu Table of Contents Back Chapter 16 Biomes Chapter 16 Biomes In Chapter 6, you learned about seasons, wind, ocean currents, and weather patterns. All of these elements work together to produce different climates in different parts of the world.

More information

5 th Grade Science Vocabulary Words

5 th Grade Science Vocabulary Words 5 th Grade Science Vocabulary Words abiotic factor A nonliving part of an ecosystem. acceleration Change in velocity with respect to time. action The force one object applies to a second, as in Newton

More information

STUDY GUIDE ECOLOGY. CHAPTER 21: Populations 1. An overview of ecology. Ecology is the study of interactions between organisms and their environment.

STUDY GUIDE ECOLOGY. CHAPTER 21: Populations 1. An overview of ecology. Ecology is the study of interactions between organisms and their environment. STUDY GUIDE ECOLOGY CHAPTER 21: Populations 1. An overview of ecology. Ecology is the study of interactions between organisms and their environment. 2. A Hierarchy of interactions: cells tissues organs

More information

Using Aerial Photography to Measure Habitat Changes. Method

Using Aerial Photography to Measure Habitat Changes. Method Then and Now Using Aerial Photography to Measure Habitat Changes Method Subject Areas: environmental education, science, social studies Conceptual Framework Topic References: HIIIB, HIIIB1, HIIIB2, HIIIB3,

More information

6. Which of the following is not a basic need off all animals a. food b. *friends c. water d. protection from predators. NAME SOL 4.

6. Which of the following is not a basic need off all animals a. food b. *friends c. water d. protection from predators. NAME SOL 4. NAME SOL 4.5 REVIEW - Revised Habitats, Niches and Adaptations POPULATION A group of the same species living in the same place at the same time. COMMUNITY-- All of the populations that live in the same

More information

Exhibit Inquiry. Rainforest. Aug 11

Exhibit Inquiry. Rainforest. Aug 11 Exhibit Inquiry Exhibit Inquiry Have students look for the following exhibits related to living things during their visit to the Ontario Science Centre: Where to go: (Level 6) What it's about: Tropical

More information

Climate Change Mini-Simulation: Background Guide

Climate Change Mini-Simulation: Background Guide Climate Change Mini-Simulation: Background Guide United Nations The United Nations (UN) is an international organization founded in 1945 after the Second World War by 51 countries committed to creating

More information

The atmosphere has a number of gases, often in tiny amounts, which trap the heat given out by the Earth.

The atmosphere has a number of gases, often in tiny amounts, which trap the heat given out by the Earth. The Earth is wrapped in a blanket of air called the atmosphere, which is made up of several layers of gases. The sun is much hotter than the Earth and it gives off rays of heat (radiation) that travel

More information

Kindergarten Seasons and Weather Assessment

Kindergarten Seasons and Weather Assessment Kindergarten Seasons and Weather Assessment 1a. Circle the pictures that represent the four seasons: snowman going to a teacher harvest fruits colorful flowers the beach 1b. Write the name of the season

More information

Chapter 3: Climate and Climate Change Answers

Chapter 3: Climate and Climate Change Answers Chapter 3: Climate and Climate Change Answers Section A: Climate 1. (a) Explain what each of the following means: (4 x 1 mark) (i) climate the average weather of an area over a 25 30 year period (ii) maritime

More information

National Environment Awareness Campaign(NEAC) 2014-2015. Theme

National Environment Awareness Campaign(NEAC) 2014-2015. Theme National Environment Awareness Campaign(NEAC) 2014-2015. Theme COMBATING DESERTIFICATION, LAND DEGRADATION AND DROUGHT Background Note Desertification is about land degradation: the loss of the land s

More information

Microclimate in the Outdoor Classroom

Microclimate in the Outdoor Classroom Microclimate in the Outdoor Classroom 1. CONTRIBUTOR S NAME: TJ FONTAINE 2. NAME OF INQUIRY: MICROCLIMATE IN THE OUTDOOR CLASSROOM 3. GOALS AND OBJECTIVES: TEACH STUDENTS ABOUT THE SIMULARITIES AND DIFFERENCES

More information

Forest Watershed Tree Thinning Restoration Effectiveness Monitoring in the Manzano Mountains of New Mexico

Forest Watershed Tree Thinning Restoration Effectiveness Monitoring in the Manzano Mountains of New Mexico Forest Watershed Tree Thinning Restoration Effectiveness Monitoring in the Manzano Mountains of New Mexico By David Lightfoot 1,2, Cody Stropki 1, Victoria Amato 1 and Anne Russell 1 1 SWCA Environmental

More information