Uterine Fibroids. More than half of all women have fibroids. They are a common, benign, uterine growth.

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Uterine Fibroids. More than half of all women have fibroids. They are a common, benign, uterine growth."

Transcription

1 Uterine Fibroids More than half of all women have fibroids. They are a common, benign, uterine growth. Fibroids are not a disease. Much like the genetic blueprint that determines the color of your eyes and hair, if fibroids are common in your family, you are more likely to develop them. Fibroids often do not cause symptoms. Most women are unaware that they have them until a doctor mentions it during a routine pelvic exam. Composed of smooth muscle cells and connective tissue, fibroids grow slowly until you reach menopause. They have two, predictable, rapid growth spurts that are natural and not a cause for concern. After menopause, fibroids shrink and become small and calcified. The first rapid growth spurt usually occurs in the late 30 s to early 40 s, followed by a few years of slower growth. The second (and last) rapid growth spurt occurs just before menopause when women experience the hormonal changes associated with the beginning of menopause. About a year after menopause, fibroids begin to slowly and gradually shrink to a negligible size. Some women have large fibroids, while others have smaller fibroids. But for women in their late 30 s to early 40 s who have fibroids, the size of the uterus including the fibroids is, on average, about the size of a week pregnancy about 13cm in the largest dimension. In the middle 40 s, the uterus including fibroids is, on average, about the size of a week pregnancy about 17cm in the largest dimension. And for women in their late 40 s to early 50 s, the uterus including fibroids is, on average, the size of an week pregnancy about 21cm in the largest dimension. By about age 40, women have all the fibroids they are ever going to have. Rarely will a new fibroid develop after about the age 40.

2 Both estrogen and progesterone stimulate fibroid growth. Some foods, such as eating large amounts of soy, can also stimulate excess estrogen production, which in turn makes fibroids grow. There is an abundance of advertising for vitamins and other products that promise to reduce the size of fibroids or eliminate them entirely, but many are ineffective, and others actually stimulate fibroid growth. For example, so-called "natural" progesterone yam creams are promoted as a way to shrink fibroids, but in fact they make them grow. If you have symptoms such as extremely heavy menstrual bleeding with large blood clots or pressure on the bladder causing urinary frequency, it may be more of a nuisance than a true health problem. If you can live with the symptoms, you will avoid needless intervention of any kind. If you have symptoms that you cannot live with there are conservative treatment options. The location of fibroids that cause heavy menstrual bleeding is submucosal. Submucosal fibroids are located in the inside layer of the uterus in the endometrium. Even tiny submucosal fibroids can cause extremely heavy menstruation with large blood clots. Submucosal fibroids that are 4cm or smaller may cause heavy bleeding and large blood clots. They can by shelled out in a procedure called a hysteroscopic resection of the fibroid, which should not be confused with a hysteroscopic resection of the endometrium. You can avoid having a doctor think you want a hysteroscopic resection of the endometrium, which would make the bleeding worse, by referring to the procedure as the hysteroscopic shelling out of a submucosal fibroid. Hysteroscopic resection is usually an outpatient surgery in which a long endoscope called a hysteroscope is inserted into the vagina, through the cervix, and into the uterus. A tool is attached to the scope, and the surgeon chips away at the fibroid until nothing remains but the shell. This may sound like a simple surgery, but shelling out the fibroid without perforating the uterus requires skill and experience. Submucosal fibroids that are larger than 4cm cannot be shelled out hysteroscopically, but they can be removed with a myomectomy. Myomectomy is a conservative surgery to remove fibroids that leaves

3 the uterus intact. Fibroids in other locations, such as intramural fibroids (in the middle wall of the uterus) and subserosal fibroids (in the outside wall of the uterus) and pedunculated fibroids (outside the uterus attached to a long stalk, which is the blood supply from the uterus to the fibroid) can also be removed with myomectomy. Fibroids of any size, number, or location can be removed by a skilled surgeon. If a doctor tells you that a myomectomy cannot be performed because of the size, number, or location of your fibroids, you need another doctor. It is unlikely that a doctor will tell you that a myomectomy could be performed by a more skilled surgeon. It is a major operation, but unlike hysterectomy, endometrial ablation, focused ultrasound, UAE (uterine fibroid embolization) and other destructive surgeries, myomectomy is a constructive surgery that preserves the uterus and its many lifelong functions. Uterine Artery Embolization (UAE) is sometimes referred to as uterine fibroid embolization (UFE). It involves occluding (blocking) the blood flow in the uterine arteries. It is performed by an Interventional Radiologist who inserts an embolic material such as tiny plastic polyvinyl alcohol particles, microspheres, embospheres, gel foam, or metal coils into the femoral artery, and then into the uterine artery that supplies blood to the fibroid. UAE is considered successful if the fibroids shrink, even when there are serious complications. One of the serious complications from UAE is misembolization. Misembolization occurs when the embolic material travels to distant parts of the vascular system. The reason this happens is that the blood supply to the fibroids is shared with other organs such as the labia, vagina, clitoris, ovaries, bladder, and kidneys. In fact, the blood flowing through the uterine artery, where the embolic material is injected, is part of the same blood supply that provides blood flow to your legs and feet and back up through your vascular system to your heart and lungs. Adverse effects ranging from chronic pain and loss of ovarian function to a loss of sexual feeling have been reported as a result of misembolization, as well as several deaths.

4 The goal of UAE is to block the flow of blood. But when the blood supply to any part of your body is blocked, the tissue that depends on that blood supply may become necrotic it might die. Necrosis of tissue as a result of impaired blood flow is common and may be lifethreatening. The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) maintains an Adverse Events database with hundreds of reported complications of UAE. Although it receives only a small percentage of the actual number of adverse events that occur (reporting is voluntary, and the only complication that must be reported is death), it is a significant number. The Adverse Events database can be accessed online by going to FDA Maude on the FDA website, clicking on Simple Search, and entering the search term uterine artery embolization. A second search entering the term uterine fibroid embolization will provide additional adverse event reports. The HERS Foundation has counseled many women with permanent, disabling problems from UAE. Some women experience necrosis of the uterus (leading to a hysterectomy that was not necessary before the UAE), as well as necrosis of the vagina, labia, buttocks, bladder, bowel, and kidney. And many women experience impairment, or even the total loss, of ovarian function. The medical term for the removal of ovaries is castration, and for the loss of ovarian function in intact ovaries, the term is de facto castration. Although UAE does sometimes diminish heavy bleeding and shrink fibroids, the relief may be temporary. Fibroids often begin to grow again a few months after embolization and cause a recurrence or worsening of previous symptoms. The embolic material remains in a woman s body the rest of her life, often causing future health problems. There is no remedy for these complications because the embolic material cannot be removed or flushed out of the vascular system once it is injected into it. We will not know just how dangerous UAE is until the effects of longterm exposure to radiation (from fluoroscopy, which allows the doctor to see inside the artery during the procedure) and the effects of

5 injecting plastic balls and metal coils into the human bloodstream plays itself out in the lives of millions of women. Another destructive alternative treatment for heavy bleeding from fibroids is called endometrial ablation. Endometrial ablation is a surgery where the endometrium, the inside, endometrial layer of the uterus, is burned by heat or freezing. Whatever method of ablation is used, the purpose is to permanently scar the inside of the uterus so that the endometrium (the layer of the uterus that sheds during menstruation) cannot build up. The hypothesis is that if the endometrium is prevented from proliferating (building-up), there will be nothing to shed as it naturally does during menstruation. Endometrial ablation is considered successful if menstrual bleeding stops. But the uterus continues to attempt to perform its natural functions as if it were not scarred. In preparation for menstruation, the natural engorgement of blood still occurs in the uterus and pelvis, but due to the scarring caused by ablation, there is no endometrial tissue to build up. With no endometrial lining to shed, there is no way for the blood to exit the uterus, so the uterus remains engorged with blood. This may initially only cause a feeling of fullness in the pelvis, but after a few months of the uterus being engorged with blood by a blockage of natural menstrual flow, many women experience constant, debilitating pelvic and vaginal pressure and pain. Other risks of heat and freezing ablation include thermal perforation of the uterus, bowel, or bladder and infection and hemorrhage. Additional risks of heat ablation are fluid overload and death. Intravenous fluid is given to replace the fluid lost during heat ablation. The amount of fluid must be closely monitored, and every woman is unique in terms of how much fluid her body will tolerate. The surgeon then applies heat or cryo (freezing) to the endometrium. This procedure causes an unknown quantity of the fluid to evaporate. Some of the fluid is absorbed into the woman s body, but the amount of evaporation and absorption cannot be measured precisely. It is far from an exact science. Women have experienced serious complications, even death, as a result of fluid overload in the heart and lungs.

6 Damage to the uterus as a result of endometrial ablation often leads to a hysterectomy that was not necessary before the ablation. Although the exact number is not known, it is important to note that the incidence of hysterectomy after undergoing endometrial ablation or uterine artery embolization to treat fibroids is probably significant, because these procedures themselves often do irreparable damage to the uterus, ovaries, external genitalia and other internal organs. If a doctor tells you that you need a hysterectomy for fibroids, you need a better doctor. You never need a hysterectomy for fibroids unless you have the wrong doctor. If you have symptoms that you feel you need to do something about, there are conservative treatment options. Hysterectomy, removal of the uterus, causes many well documented, permanent, irreversible, and life-altering problems. For more information, visit to watch the short video Female Anatomy: the Functions of the Female Organs. Questions? Fill out the contact form on HERS homepage. HERS Foundation

Uterine fibroids (Leiomyoma)

Uterine fibroids (Leiomyoma) Uterine fibroids (Leiomyoma) What are uterine fibroids? Uterine fibroids are fairly common benign (not cancer) growths in the uterus. They occur in about 25 50% of all women. Many women who have fibroids

More information

Abnormal Uterine Bleeding

Abnormal Uterine Bleeding Abnormal Uterine Bleeding WOMENCARE A Healthy Woman is a Powerful Woman (407) 898-1500 Abnormal uterine bleeding is one of the most common reasons women see their doctors. It can occur at any age and has

More information

Uterine Fibroid Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment

Uterine Fibroid Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment Fibroids and IR Uterine Fibroid Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment Interventional radiologists use MRIs to determine if fibroids can be embolised, detect alternate causes for the symptoms and rule out misdiagnosis,

More information

FEMALE ANATOMY. the Functions of the Female Organs

FEMALE ANATOMY. the Functions of the Female Organs FEMALE ANATOMY the Functions of the Female Organs An educational video for every woman who is told she needs pelvic surgery, including exploratory surgery or removal of the uterus, fallopian tubes, or

More information

Treating heavy menstrual bleeding caused by fibroids or polyps

Treating heavy menstrual bleeding caused by fibroids or polyps Treating heavy menstrual bleeding caused by fibroids or polyps With today s medical advances the outlook for successful treatment of fibroids and polyps has never been better. You don t have to live with

More information

About the Uterus. Hysterectomy may be done to treat conditions that affect the uterus. Some reasons a hysterectomy may be needed include:

About the Uterus. Hysterectomy may be done to treat conditions that affect the uterus. Some reasons a hysterectomy may be needed include: Hysterectomy removal of the uterus is a way of treating problems that affect the uterus. Many conditions can be cured with hysterectomy. Because it is major surgery, your doctor may suggest trying other

More information

WOMENCARE A Healthy Woman is a Powerful Woman (407) 898-1500. Endometriosis

WOMENCARE A Healthy Woman is a Powerful Woman (407) 898-1500. Endometriosis Endometriosis WOMENCARE A Healthy Woman is a Powerful Woman (407) 898-1500 The lining of the uterus is called the endometrium. Sometimes, endometrial tissue grows elsewhere in the body. When this happens

More information

From this site: http://www.energeticnutrition.com /vitalzym/fibroid_tumors.html Uterine Fibroid Tumors

From this site: http://www.energeticnutrition.com /vitalzym/fibroid_tumors.html Uterine Fibroid Tumors From this site: http://www.energeticnutrition.com /vitalzym/fibroid_tumors.html Uterine Fibroid Tumors Uterine Fibroid Tumors A woman s fibroisis condition usually associated with estrogen dominance. Uterine

More information

WOMENCARE A Healthy Woman is a Powerful Woman (407) 898-1500. Hormone Therapy

WOMENCARE A Healthy Woman is a Powerful Woman (407) 898-1500. Hormone Therapy Hormone Therapy WOMENCARE A Healthy Woman is a Powerful Woman (407) 898-1500 At menopause, a woman's body makes less estrogen and she stops having menstrual periods. This is a natural stage in a woman's

More information

Understanding Your Diagnosis of Endometrial Cancer A STEP-BY-STEP GUIDE

Understanding Your Diagnosis of Endometrial Cancer A STEP-BY-STEP GUIDE Understanding Your Diagnosis of Endometrial Cancer A STEP-BY-STEP GUIDE Introduction This guide is designed to help you clarify and understand the decisions that need to be made about your care for the

More information

Summa Health System. A Woman s Guide to Hysterectomy

Summa Health System. A Woman s Guide to Hysterectomy Summa Health System A Woman s Guide to Hysterectomy Hysterectomy A hysterectomy is a surgical procedure to remove a woman s uterus (womb). The uterus is the organ which shelters and nourishes a baby during

More information

da Vinci Myomectomy Changing the Experience of Surgery Are you a candidate for the latest treatment option for uterine fibroids?

da Vinci Myomectomy Changing the Experience of Surgery Are you a candidate for the latest treatment option for uterine fibroids? da Vinci Myomectomy Changing the Experience of Surgery Are you a candidate for the latest treatment option for uterine fibroids? Your doctor may be able to offer you a new, minimally invasive surgical

More information

Understanding Endometriosis - Information Pack

Understanding Endometriosis - Information Pack What is endometriosis? Endometriosis (pronounced en- doh mee tree oh sis) is the name given to the condition where cells like the ones in the lining of the womb (uterus) are found elsewhere in the body.

More information

Uterus myomatosus. 10-May-15. Clinical presentation. Incidence. Causes? 3 out of 4 women. Growth rate vary. Most common solid pelvic tumor in women

Uterus myomatosus. 10-May-15. Clinical presentation. Incidence. Causes? 3 out of 4 women. Growth rate vary. Most common solid pelvic tumor in women Uterus myomatosus A.J. Henriquez March 14, 2015 Uterus myomatosus Definition, incidence, clinical presentation and diagnosis. New FIGO classification for uterine leiomyomas Brief description on treatment

More information

A Guide to Hysteroscopy. Patient Education

A Guide to Hysteroscopy. Patient Education A Guide to Hysteroscopy Patient Education QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS ABOUT HYSTEROSCOPY Your doctor has recommended that you have a procedure called a hysteroscopy. Naturally, you may have questions about

More information

Laparoscopy and Hysteroscopy

Laparoscopy and Hysteroscopy AMERICAN SOCIETY FOR REPRODUCTIVE MEDICINE Laparoscopy and Hysteroscopy A Guide for Patients PATIENT INFORMATION SERIES Published by the American Society for Reproductive Medicine under the direction of

More information

Abnormal Uterine Bleeding FAQ Sheet

Abnormal Uterine Bleeding FAQ Sheet Abnormal Uterine Bleeding FAQ Sheet What is abnormal uterine bleeding? Under normal circumstances, a woman's uterus sheds a limited amount of blood during each menstrual period. Bleeding that occurs between

More information

The menopausal transition usually has three parts:

The menopausal transition usually has three parts: The menopausal transition usually has three parts: Perimenopause begins several years before a woman s last menstrual period, when the ovaries gradually produce less estrogen. In the last 1-2 years of

More information

Hysterectomy. What is a hysterectomy? Why is hysterectomy done? Are there alternatives to hysterectomy?

Hysterectomy. What is a hysterectomy? Why is hysterectomy done? Are there alternatives to hysterectomy? ROBERT LEVITT, MD JESSICA BERGER-WEISS, MD ADRIENNE POTTS, MD HARTAJ POWELL, MD, MPH COURTNEY LEVENSON, MD LAUREN BURNS, MSN, RN, WHNP OBGYNCWC.COM What is a hysterectomy? Hysterectomy Hysterectomy is

More information

Why would you need a hysterectomy?

Why would you need a hysterectomy? Why would you need a hysterectomy? Removal of the uterus is performed to prevent, alleviate, or treat pain, pressure, bleeding, or cancer. Each reason is described in detail in the following pages. Benign

More information

Transcervical Resection of the Endometrium (TCRE)

Transcervical Resection of the Endometrium (TCRE) Oxford University Hospitals NHS Trust Women s Centre Transcervical Resection of the Endometrium (TCRE) Information for women This leaflet is for women who have been advised to have a transcervical resection

More information

Once a woman has had a hysterectomy, she will no longer have menstrual periods and cannot have a child. She no longer needs to use contraception.

Once a woman has had a hysterectomy, she will no longer have menstrual periods and cannot have a child. She no longer needs to use contraception. Hysterectomy Summary Hysterectomy is the surgical removal of the womb (uterus), with or without the cervix. Hysterectomy is used to treat a number of conditions, including heavy or painful periods, fibroids

More information

A potential treatment for your abnormal uterine bleeding

A potential treatment for your abnormal uterine bleeding TRUCLEAR System A potential treatment for your abnormal uterine bleeding Do You Suffer from Abnormal Uterine Bleeding? What is a Hysteroscopy? What is the TRUCLEAR Procedure? What Happens Before Your

More information

Introduction Ovarian cysts are a very common female condition. An ovarian cyst is a fluid-filled sac on an ovary in the female reproductive system.

Introduction Ovarian cysts are a very common female condition. An ovarian cyst is a fluid-filled sac on an ovary in the female reproductive system. Ovarian Cysts Introduction Ovarian cysts are a very common female condition. An ovarian cyst is a fluid-filled sac on an ovary in the female reproductive system. Most women have ovarian cysts sometime

More information

Considering Surgery for Fibroids? Learn about minimally invasive da Vinci Surgery

Considering Surgery for Fibroids? Learn about minimally invasive da Vinci Surgery Considering Surgery for Fibroids? Learn about minimally invasive da Vinci Surgery The Condition: Uterine Fibroid (Fibroid Tumor) A uterine fibroid is a benign (non-cancerous) tumor that grows in the uterine

More information

UNC FIBROID CARE CLINIC. Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology Division of Advanced Laparoscopy & Pelvic Pain

UNC FIBROID CARE CLINIC. Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology Division of Advanced Laparoscopy & Pelvic Pain The purpose of the Fibroid Care Clinic at the University of North Carolina is to provide up-to-date, comprehensive medical information and care for the treatment of women with uterine fibroids. We offer

More information

Frequently Asked Questions About Ovarian Cancer

Frequently Asked Questions About Ovarian Cancer Media Contact: Gerri Gomez Howard Cell: 303-748-3933 gerri@gomezhowardgroup.com Frequently Asked Questions About Ovarian Cancer What is ovarian cancer? Ovarian cancer is a cancer that forms in tissues

More information

Menstruation and the Menstrual Cycle

Menstruation and the Menstrual Cycle Menstruation and the Menstrual Cycle Q: What is menstruation? A: Menstruation is a woman s monthly bleeding, also called a period. When you menstruate, your body is shedding the lining of the uterus (womb).

More information

How do I know if I need to have surgery?

How do I know if I need to have surgery? How do I know if I need to have surgery? Deciding whether or not to have surgery for your bladder, bowel and/or prolapse problems is an individual decision. The success or failure of someone else's operation

More information

AMERICAN SOCIETY FOR REPRODUCTIVE MEDICINE

AMERICAN SOCIETY FOR REPRODUCTIVE MEDICINE AMERICAN SOCIETY FOR REPRODUCTIVE MEDICINE UTERINE FIBROIDS A Guide for Patients PATIENT INFORMATION SERIES Published by the American Society for Reproductive Medicine under the direction of the Patient

More information

Surgical removal of fibroids through an abdominal incision-either up and down or bikini cut. The uterus and cervix are left in place.

Surgical removal of fibroids through an abdominal incision-either up and down or bikini cut. The uterus and cervix are left in place. What is an abdominal myomectomy? Surgical removal of fibroids through an abdominal incision-either up and down or bikini cut. The uterus and cervix are left in place. When is this surgery used? Treatment

More information

What are the differences between fibroid and ovarian cyst?

What are the differences between fibroid and ovarian cyst? DR LEE KEEN WHYE MBBS (Singapore), FRCOG (U.K), FAMS (Singapore) Consultant Obstetrician & Gynaecologist Advisor, Endometriosis Association, Singapore KW Lee Clinic & Surgery For Women No. 6 Napier Road,

More information

Total Vaginal Hysterectomy

Total Vaginal Hysterectomy What is a total vaginal hysterectomy? Is the removal of the uterus and cervix through the vagina. Removal of the ovaries and tubes depends on the patient. Why is this surgery used? To treat disease of

More information

patient education Fact Sheet PFS003: Hormone Therapy APRIL 2015

patient education Fact Sheet PFS003: Hormone Therapy APRIL 2015 patient education Fact Sheet PFS003: Hormone Therapy APRIL 2015 Hormone Therapy Menopause is the time in a woman s life when she naturally stops having menstrual periods. Menopause marks the end of the

More information

HYDROSALPINX PATIENT INFORMATION

HYDROSALPINX PATIENT INFORMATION What is a Hydrosalpinx? Hydrosalpinx, derived from Greek, is a word literally meaning water tube. A Hydrosalpinx is a blocked, dilated, fluid filled-fallopian tube usually caused by a previous tubal infection.

More information

All you need to know about Endometriosis. Nordica Fertility Centre, Lagos, Asaba, Abuja

All you need to know about Endometriosis. Nordica Fertility Centre, Lagos, Asaba, Abuja All you need to know about Endometriosis October, 2015 About The Author Nordica Lagos Fertility Centre is one of Nigeria's leading centres for world class Assisted Reproductive Services, with comfort centres

More information

An operation for prolapse Sacrospinous Fixation Sacrospinous Hysteropexy

An operation for prolapse Sacrospinous Fixation Sacrospinous Hysteropexy Saint Mary s Hospital Gynaecology Service Warrell Unit An operation for prolapse Sacrospinous Fixation Sacrospinous Hysteropexy Information For Patients 1 What is a prolapse? Prolapse is a bulge or lump

More information

Total Abdominal Hysterectomy

Total Abdominal Hysterectomy What is a total abdominal hysterectomy? Is the removal of the uterus and cervix through an abdominal incision (either an up and down or bikini cut). Removal of the ovaries and tubes depends on the patient.

More information

Hysterectomy. The time to take care of yourself

Hysterectomy. The time to take care of yourself Hysterectomy The time to take care of yourself The time to take care of yourself Women spend a lot of time taking care of others spouses, children, parents. We often overlook our own needs. But when our

More information

OVARIAN CYSTS. Types of Ovarian Cysts There are many types of ovarian cysts and these can be categorized into functional and nonfunctional

OVARIAN CYSTS. Types of Ovarian Cysts There are many types of ovarian cysts and these can be categorized into functional and nonfunctional OVARIAN CYSTS Follicular Cyst Ovarian cysts are fluid-filled sacs that form within or on the ovary. The majority of these cysts are functional meaning they usually form during a normal menstrual cycle.

More information

Outpatient hysteroscopy

Outpatient hysteroscopy Women s & Children s Outpatient hysteroscopy Information for patients Welcome to King s gynaecology service. The doctor who saw you in the outpatient clinic recently has recommended that you have a procedure

More information

Adjuvant Therapy for Breast Cancer: Questions and Answers

Adjuvant Therapy for Breast Cancer: Questions and Answers CANCER FACTS N a t i o n a l C a n c e r I n s t i t u t e N a t i o n a l I n s t i t u t e s o f H e a l t h D e p a r t m e n t o f H e a l t h a n d H u m a n S e r v i c e s Adjuvant Therapy for Breast

More information

Considering a Hysterectomy?

Considering a Hysterectomy? Considering a Hysterectomy? Learn more about virtually scarless surgery using da Vinci Single-Site technology { {Symptoms & Conditions: Chronic Pain, Heavy Bleeding, Fibroids, Endometriosis, Pelvic Prolapse

More information

X-Plain Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Vascular Surgery Reference Summary

X-Plain Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Vascular Surgery Reference Summary X-Plain Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Vascular Surgery Reference Summary Ballooning of the aorta, also known as an "abdominal aortic aneurysm," can lead to life threatening bleeding. Doctors may recommend

More information

WOMENCARE A Healthy Woman is a Powerful Woman (407) 898-1500. Birth Control Pills

WOMENCARE A Healthy Woman is a Powerful Woman (407) 898-1500. Birth Control Pills Birth Control Pills WOMENCARE A Healthy Woman is a Powerful Woman (407) 898-1500 Birth control pills (also called oral contraceptives or "the pill") are used by millions of women in the United States to

More information

Out-patient hysteroscopy. Information for patients

Out-patient hysteroscopy. Information for patients Out-patient hysteroscopy Information for patients Important If there is any chance you may be pregnant please tell a member of the team immediately. We will not be able to perform a hysteroscopy if you

More information

Client Information for Informed Consent TESTOSTERONE FOR TRANSGENDER PATIENTS

Client Information for Informed Consent TESTOSTERONE FOR TRANSGENDER PATIENTS Client Information for Informed Consent TESTOSTERONE FOR TRANSGENDER PATIENTS You want to take testosterone to masculinize your body. Before taking it, there are several things you need to know about.

More information

Laparoscopic Hysterectomy

Laparoscopic Hysterectomy Any further questions? Please contact the matron for Women s Health on 020 7288 5161 (answerphone) Monday - Thursday 9am - 5pm. For more information: Royal College of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Recovering

More information

Acute pelvic inflammatory disease: tests and treatment

Acute pelvic inflammatory disease: tests and treatment Acute pelvic inflammatory disease: tests and treatment Information for you Information for you Published August 2010 Published in August 2010 (next review date: 2014) Acute What is pelvic inflammatory

More information

Uterine Cancer. Understanding your diagnosis

Uterine Cancer. Understanding your diagnosis Uterine Cancer Understanding your diagnosis Uterine Cancer Understanding your diagnosis When you first hear that you have cancer, you may feel alone and afraid. You may be overwhelmed by the large amount

More information

Center for Menstrual Disorders, Fibroids and Hysteroscopic Services

Center for Menstrual Disorders, Fibroids and Hysteroscopic Services Center for Menstrual Disorders, Fibroids and Hysteroscopic Services If you experience heavy periods, there is no need to suffer in silence. And if you ve been told that hysterectomy is your only choice,

More information

SUBSEROSAL FIBROIDS TREATMENT

SUBSEROSAL FIBROIDS TREATMENT INTRODUCTION Uterine fibroids, also known as leiomyomas, are the most common pelvic mass found in women. Fibroids are benign tumors that arise from the uterine muscular tissue (myometrium). They occur

More information

Facing Hysterectomy? Learn why da Vinci Surgery may be your best treatment option for a benign gynecologic condition

Facing Hysterectomy? Learn why da Vinci Surgery may be your best treatment option for a benign gynecologic condition Facing Hysterectomy? Learn why da Vinci Surgery may be your best treatment option for a benign gynecologic condition The Condition(s): Chronic Pain, Heavy Bleeding, Fibroids, Endometriosis and/or Prolapse

More information

Heavy periods (menstrual bleeding)

Heavy periods (menstrual bleeding) Heavy periods (menstrual bleeding) This information sheet has been given to you to help answer some of the questions you may have about heavy periods and the treatments that are available. This leaflet

More information

POST MENOPAUSAL BLEEDING CHECKLIST. Ultrasound. Information folder given to patient. Booking form faxed/emailed

POST MENOPAUSAL BLEEDING CHECKLIST. Ultrasound. Information folder given to patient. Booking form faxed/emailed POST MENOPAUSAL BLEEDING CHECKLIST Ultrasound Information folder given to patient Booking form faxed/emailed 1 BOOKING FORM - HYSTEROSCOPY FOR POST MENOPAUSAL BLEEDING Patient s Name: Surname: DOB: / /

More information

Female Reproductive System. Unit 8 Lesson 2 Continued

Female Reproductive System. Unit 8 Lesson 2 Continued Female Reproductive System Unit 8 Lesson 2 Continued Female Reproductive System Female Reproductive System Female produce ovum or egg cells. The egg (ovum) cell is the female sex cell. Female Reproductive

More information

WOMENCARE A Healthy Woman is a Powerful Woman (407) 898-1500. Ovarian Cysts

WOMENCARE A Healthy Woman is a Powerful Woman (407) 898-1500. Ovarian Cysts Ovarian Cysts WOMENCARE A Healthy Woman is a Powerful Woman (407) 898-1500 The ovaries are two small organs located on either side of a woman s uterus. An ovarian cyst is a sac or pouch filled with fluid

More information

Smoking and Age of Menopause. Women who smoke experience menopause an average of 2 years earlier than women who do not smoke.

Smoking and Age of Menopause. Women who smoke experience menopause an average of 2 years earlier than women who do not smoke. Menopause Menopause Feared event To many, it indicates old age - a sign of life coming to a close. Many expect a difficult psychological adjustment to menopause (bad press, bad jokes). Menopause Effect

More information

I will be having surgery and radiation treatment for breast cancer. Do I need drug treatment too?

I will be having surgery and radiation treatment for breast cancer. Do I need drug treatment too? What is node-positive breast cancer? Node-positive breast cancer means that cancer cells from the tumour in the breast have been found in the lymph nodes (sometimes called glands ) in the armpit area.

More information

Considering Endometriosis Surgery? Learn about minimally invasive da Vinci Surgery

Considering Endometriosis Surgery? Learn about minimally invasive da Vinci Surgery Considering Endometriosis Surgery? Learn about minimally invasive da Vinci Surgery The Condition: Endometriosis Endometriosis is a condition in which the tissue that lines your uterus (the endometrium)

More information

Gynecology Abnormal Pelvic Anatomy and Physiology: Cervix. Cervix. Nabothian cysts. cervical polyps. leiomyomas. Cervical stenosis

Gynecology Abnormal Pelvic Anatomy and Physiology: Cervix. Cervix. Nabothian cysts. cervical polyps. leiomyomas. Cervical stenosis Gynecology Abnormal Pelvic Anatomy and Physiology: (Effective February 2007) pediatric, reproductive, and perimenopausal/postmenopausal (24-28 %) Cervix Nabothian cysts result from chronic cervicitis most

More information

K Raja/N Varol FPA 2013. FPA Sydney August 31 2013

K Raja/N Varol FPA 2013. FPA Sydney August 31 2013 FPA Sydney August 31 2013 Ms wilson 32 year old woman Presents with worsening, heavy menstrual and intermenstrual bleeding and pain for 6 months. Ms Wilson What is the differential diagnosis What are the

More information

Heavy menstrual bleeding and what you can do about it!

Heavy menstrual bleeding and what you can do about it! Heavy menstrual bleeding and what you can do about it! The intrauterine system as an alternative to hysterectomy. What is heavy menstrual bleeding? Do I have it? A woman s menstrual periods are considered

More information

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome Polycystic Ovary Syndrome Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a disorder that affects as many as 5 10% of women. PCOS has three key features: 1) high levels of hormones called androgens; 2) irregular menstrual

More information

Hysteroscopy. What is a hysteroscopy? When is this surgery used? How do I prepare for surgery?

Hysteroscopy. What is a hysteroscopy? When is this surgery used? How do I prepare for surgery? What is a hysteroscopy? This is a procedure where a doctor uses a thin tube with a tiny camera to look inside the uterus. There are no incisions. Saline solution is used to expand the uterus in order to

More information

Total Vaginal Hysterectomy with an Anterior and Posterior Repair

Total Vaginal Hysterectomy with an Anterior and Posterior Repair Total Vaginal Hysterectomy with an Anterior and Posterior Repair What is a total vaginal hysterectomy with an anterior and posterior repair? Total vaginal hysterectomy is the removal of the uterus and

More information

X-Plain Chemotherapy for Breast Cancer - Adriamycin, Cytoxan, and Tamoxifen Reference Summary

X-Plain Chemotherapy for Breast Cancer - Adriamycin, Cytoxan, and Tamoxifen Reference Summary X-Plain Chemotherapy for Breast Cancer - Adriamycin, Cytoxan, and Tamoxifen Reference Summary Introduction Breast cancer is a common condition that affects one out of every 11 women. Your doctor has recommended

More information

Women s Health Laparoscopy Information for patients

Women s Health Laparoscopy Information for patients Women s Health Laparoscopy Information for patients This leaflet is for women who have been advised to have a laparoscopy. It outlines the common reasons doctors recommend this operation, what will happen

More information

Ovarian Cyst. Homoeopathy Clinic. Introduction. Types of Ovarian Cysts. Contents. Case Reports. 21 August 2002

Ovarian Cyst. Homoeopathy Clinic. Introduction. Types of Ovarian Cysts. Contents. Case Reports. 21 August 2002 Case Reports 21 August 2002 Ovarian Cyst Homoeopathy Clinic Check Yourself If you have any of the following symptoms call your doctor. Sense of fullness or pressure or a dull ache in the abdomen Pain during

More information

FAQ About Prostate Cancer Treatment and SpaceOAR System

FAQ About Prostate Cancer Treatment and SpaceOAR System FAQ About Prostate Cancer Treatment and SpaceOAR System P. 4 Prostate Cancer Background SpaceOAR Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) 1. What is prostate cancer? The vast majority of prostate cancers develop

More information

Abigail R. Proffer, M.D. October 4, 2013

Abigail R. Proffer, M.D. October 4, 2013 Abigail R. Proffer, M.D. October 4, 2013 Topics Human Papillomavirus (HPV) Vaccines Pap smears Colposcopy Contraception Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) Can I get pregnant? Miscarriage Abnormal Uterine

More information

Ovarian cancer. Patient information from the BMJ Group. What is ovarian cancer? What are the symptoms?

Ovarian cancer. Patient information from the BMJ Group. What is ovarian cancer? What are the symptoms? Patient information from the BMJ Group Ovarian cancer Ovarian cancer is a serious disease. If it s diagnosed at an early stage, ovarian cancer can usually be cured. But even cancers that are more advanced

More information

X-Plain Inguinal Hernia Repair Reference Summary

X-Plain Inguinal Hernia Repair Reference Summary X-Plain Inguinal Hernia Repair Reference Summary Introduction Hernias are common conditions that affect men and women of all ages. Your doctor may recommend a hernia operation. The decision whether or

More information

Ovarian Cancer. in Georgia, 1999-2003. Georgia Department of Human Resources Division of Public Health

Ovarian Cancer. in Georgia, 1999-2003. Georgia Department of Human Resources Division of Public Health Ovarian Cancer in Georgia, 1999-23 Georgia Department of Human Resources Division of Public Health Acknowledgments Georgia Department of Human Resources......B. J. Walker, Commissioner Division of Public

More information

Now that your Doctor has prescribed Livial for you

Now that your Doctor has prescribed Livial for you Now that your Doctor has prescribed Livial for you This educational brochure is only for use by patients prescribed LIVIAL The Menopause The term menopause refers to the very last menstrual period a woman

More information

Hysterosalpingography

Hysterosalpingography Scan for mobile link. Hysterosalpingography Hysterosalpingography uses a real-time form of x-ray called fluoroscopy to examine the uterus and fallopian tubes of a woman who is having difficulty becoming

More information

Contents. Overview. Removing the womb (hysterectomy) Overview

Contents. Overview. Removing the womb (hysterectomy) Overview This information is an extract from the booklet Understanding womb (endometrial) cancer. You may find the full booklet helpful. We can send you a free copy see page 9. Overview Contents Overview Removing

More information

Menstruation and the Menstrual Cycle

Menstruation and the Menstrual Cycle Menstruation and the Menstrual Cycle Q: What is menstruation? A: Menstruation (men-stray-shuhn) is a woman's monthly bleeding. When you menstruate, your body sheds the lining of the uterus (womb). Menstrual

More information

Inferior Vena Cava filter and removal

Inferior Vena Cava filter and removal Inferior Vena Cava filter and removal What is Inferior Vena Cava Filter Placement and Removal? An inferior vena cava filter placement procedure involves an interventional radiologist (a specialist doctor)

More information

X-Plain Hip Replacement Surgery - Preventing Post Op Complications Reference Summary

X-Plain Hip Replacement Surgery - Preventing Post Op Complications Reference Summary X-Plain Hip Replacement Surgery - Preventing Post Op Complications Reference Summary Introduction Severe arthritis in the hip can lead to severe pain and inability to walk. To relieve the pain and improve

More information

Vaginal hysterectomy and vaginal repair

Vaginal hysterectomy and vaginal repair Women s Service Vaginal hysterectomy and vaginal repair Information for patients Vaginal hysterectomy and vaginal repair This leaflet is for women who have been advised to have a vaginal hysterectomy.

More information

X-Plain Trigeminal Neuralgia Reference Summary

X-Plain Trigeminal Neuralgia Reference Summary X-Plain Trigeminal Neuralgia Reference Summary Introduction Trigeminal neuralgia is a condition that affects about 40,000 patients in the US every year. Its treatment mostly involves the usage of oral

More information

Physician. Patient HYSTERECTOMY HYSTERECTOMY. Treatment Options Risks and Benefits Experience and Skill

Physician. Patient HYSTERECTOMY HYSTERECTOMY. Treatment Options Risks and Benefits Experience and Skill HYSTERECTOMY Physician Treatment Options Risks and Benefits Experience and Skill Patient Personal Preferences Values and Concerns Lifestyle Choices HYSTERECTOMY Shared Decision Making A process of open

More information

An operation for prolapse Colpocleisis

An operation for prolapse Colpocleisis Saint Mary s Hospital Gynaecology Service Warrell Unit An operation for prolapse Colpocleisis Information for Patients What is a prolapse? A prolapse is a bulge or lump in the vagina caused by sagging

More information

How To Perform Da Vinci Surgery

How To Perform Da Vinci Surgery Facing a Hysterectomy? If you ve been diagnosed with early stage gynecologic cancer, learn about minimally invasive da Vinci Surgery The Condition: Early Stage Gynecologic Cancer A variety of gynecologic

More information

Cancer Facts for Women

Cancer Facts for Women 2006, American Cancer Society, Inc. No.200700-Rev.03/08 The American Cancer Society is the nationwide community-based voluntary health organization dedicated to eliminating cancer as a major health problem

More information

Considering a Hysterectomy?

Considering a Hysterectomy? Considering a Hysterectomy? Learn more about virtually scarless surgery using da Vinci Single-Site technology { {Symptoms & Conditions: Chronic Pain, Heavy Bleeding, Fibroids, Endometriosis, Adenomyosis,

More information

The Centre For Women s Reproductive Care HYSTERECTOMY

The Centre For Women s Reproductive Care HYSTERECTOMY The Centre For Women s Reproductive Care Baringa Private Hospital, 31 Mackays Rd Coffs Harbour NSW 2450 Harvey Ward MB ChB, BSc(Med), FCOG (SA), MMed (O&G), FRANZCOG Obstetrician & Gynaecologist Phone:

More information

Endometriosis Obstetrics & Gynaecology Women and Children s Group

Endometriosis Obstetrics & Gynaecology Women and Children s Group Endometriosis Obstetrics & Gynaecology Women and Children s Group This leaflet has been designed to give you important information about your condition / procedure, and to answer some common queries that

More information

Endoscopic Plantar Fasciotomy

Endoscopic Plantar Fasciotomy Endoscopic Plantar Fasciotomy Introduction Plantar fasciitis is a common condition that causes pain centralized around the heel. It may be severe enough to affect regular activities. Health care providers

More information

MINIMALLY INVASIVE SURGERY FOR WOMEN Back to Life. Faster.

MINIMALLY INVASIVE SURGERY FOR WOMEN Back to Life. Faster. MINIMALLY INVASIVE SURGERY FOR WOMEN Back to Life. Faster. Pictured above: UF gynecologists Sharon Byun, MD, Shireen Madani Sims, MD, and Michael Lukowski, MD, with the robotic surgery equipment. Make

More information

Understanding Your Risk of Ovarian Cancer

Understanding Your Risk of Ovarian Cancer Understanding Your Risk of Ovarian Cancer A WOMAN S GUIDE This brochure is made possible through partnership support from Project Hope for Ovarian Cancer Research and Education. Project HOPE FOR OVARIAN

More information

Guide to Understanding Breast Cancer

Guide to Understanding Breast Cancer An estimated 220,000 women in the United States are diagnosed with breast cancer each year, and one in eight will be diagnosed during their lifetime. While breast cancer is a serious disease, most patients

More information

Lumbar Laminectomy and Interspinous Process Fusion

Lumbar Laminectomy and Interspinous Process Fusion Lumbar Laminectomy and Interspinous Process Fusion Introduction Low back and leg pain caused by pinched nerves in the back is a common condition that limits your ability to move, walk, and work. This condition

More information

Informed Consent Form for Testosterone Therapy

Informed Consent Form for Testosterone Therapy Student Health Services Oregon State University, 201 Plageman Building, Corvallis, Oregon 97331-8567 Tel 541-737-9355 General Fax 541-737-4530 Medical Fax 541-737-9665 http://studenthealth.oregonstate.edu/

More information

Hysterectomy for womb cancer

Hysterectomy for womb cancer Gynaecology Oncology Service Hysterectomy for womb cancer April 2014 Great Staff Great Care Great Future INTRODUCTION This leaflet has been produced to provide you with general information about your operation.

More information

Specialists In Reproductive Medicine & Surgery, P.A.

Specialists In Reproductive Medicine & Surgery, P.A. Specialists In Reproductive Medicine & Surgery, P.A. Craig R. Sweet, M.D. www.dreamababy.com Fertility@DreamABaby.com Excellence, Experience & Ethics Endometriosis Awareness Week/Month Common Questions

More information

Endometriosis: An Overview

Endometriosis: An Overview Endometriosis: An Overview www.bcwomens.ca Welcome to the BC Women s Centre for Pelvic Pain and Endometriosis. This handout will give you some basic information about endometriosis. It will also explain

More information

NovaSure: A Procedure for Heavy Menstrual Bleeding

NovaSure: A Procedure for Heavy Menstrual Bleeding NovaSure: A Procedure for Heavy Menstrual Bleeding The one-time, five-minute procedure Over a million women 1 have been treated with NovaSure. NovaSure Endometrial Ablation (EA) is the simple, one-time,

More information

Facing a Hysterectomy? If you ve been diagnosed with early stage gynecologic cancer, learn about minimally invasive da Vinci Surgery

Facing a Hysterectomy? If you ve been diagnosed with early stage gynecologic cancer, learn about minimally invasive da Vinci Surgery Facing a Hysterectomy? If you ve been diagnosed with early stage gynecologic cancer, learn about minimally invasive da Vinci Surgery The Condition: Early Stage Gynecologic Cancer A variety of gynecologic

More information