Non-fiction: Dinosaur Discovery. Scientists stumbled upon strange-looking dinosaur bones in Germany.

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1 Non-fiction: Dinosaur Discovery Dinosaur Discovery Dinosaurs 1 lived millions of years ago. Scientists recently discovered something new about dinosaurs. What did they find? Little Big Dinosaur wikipedia.org Europasaurus Scientists stumbled upon strange-looking dinosaur bones in Germany. Scientists recently found dinosaur fossils that are unlike any they had seen before. Fossils are remains of plants and animals that lived long ago. This is what scientists found: The fossils were from a sauropod (SAWR-uh-pahd). Sauropods were tall, plant-eating dinosaurs. The fossils were much smaller than other sauropod fossils. The fossils were from a dinosaur that lived on an island in Germany. The dinosaur had little food to eat and little space to roam. It never grew! 1 dinosaurs: a group of extinct large reptiles 1 Article: Copyright 2006 Weekly Reader Corporation. All rights reserved. Weekly Reader is a registered trademark of Weekly Reader Corporation. Used by permission.

2 Non-fiction: Dinosaur Discovery WR News The dinosaur shrank over time to fit on the island. Scientists named their new discovery Europasaurus (yoor-oh-pah-sawrus). Dinosaur Differences Scientists sometimes group dinosaurs by the food they eat. Herbivores (plant eaters): Carnivores (meat eaters): stood on four legs. stood on two legs. had flat teeth to eat plants. slowly grazed for food. had sharp teeth to eat meat. moved quickly to catch animals. 2 Article: Copyright 2006 Weekly Reader Corporation. All rights reserved. Weekly Reader is a registered trademark of Weekly Reader Corporation. Used by permission.

3 Questions: Dinosaur Discovery Name: Date: Directions: Answer the following four questions based on the information in the passage. 1. On what continent were the strange-looking dinosaur fossils discovered? 2. The table shows several ways in which plant-eating and meat-eating dinosaurs are different. Describe two differences between herbivores and carnivores. 3. Based on the passage, how did the Europasaurus s body change over time? Why did this change occur? 4. What is the central idea of the passage? 1

4 Questions: Dinosaur Discovery Directions: Please read the sentence below and then write the word or phrase that best answers the questions. The first answer has been provided for you. On an island in Germany, scientists recently found dinosaur fossils that are unlike any they had seen before. Who? scientists 5. (did) What? 6. Where? 7. When? 2

5 Questions: Dinosaur Discovery 8. The question below is an incomplete sentence. Choose the word that best completes the sentence. The Europasaurus didn t have much food to eat or land to roam across, it never grew very large. A but B because C so Directions: Read the vocabulary word and definition below. Then answer questions 8, 9, and 10. Vocabulary Word: graze (graze): to eat grass and other plants. 9. Read the sentences below and underline all forms of the word graze. a. The old farmer brought the cows to the field to graze. b. The giraffe tried to graze for leaves on the highest branches of the tree. c. The cheetah carefully watched the zebra graze on tall grass. d. My pet guinea pig likes to graze on the dried alfalfa I leave in its cage. e. Mom was angry when she found that deer had grazed on her favorite plants in our garden! 10. Which picture shows a location that would be better for animals to graze? 3

6 Teacher Guide and Answer Key: Dinosaur Discovery Teacher Guide and Answer Key Passage Reading Level: Lexile 560 Featured Text Structure: Compare/Contrast the writer presents similarities and differences between two or more objects, places, events, or ideas Passage Summary: Scientists discovered fossils of an unknown dinosaur. They were able to use the fossils to learn how the dinosaur evolved over time. A table shows the differences between herbivorous and carnivorous dinosaurs. To the Teacher: Read the passage aloud to the class [TIP: while reading aloud, show the passage on a whiteboard or give each student a copy of the passage so they can follow along]. Then, use the text-dependent questions 1-8 to facilitate a whole class discussion to ensure students comprehend the key details from the passage. Finally, use questions 9-10 to deep teach one important vocabulary word [TIP: you can use the model provided for teaching additional vocabulary]. 1. On what continent were the strange-looking dinosaur fossils discovered? [Important Detail] Suggested answer: The Europasaurus s fossils were discovered in Europe. [bullet 2, paragraph 2; map] 2. The table shows several ways in which plant-eating and meat-eating dinosaurs are different. Describe two differences between herbivores and carnivores. [Important Detail] Suggested answer: There are a number of differences between plant-eating and meat-eating dinosaurs as described in the passage. Plant-eating dinosaurs, or herbivores, walked on four legs, had flat teeth, and moved slowly. Meat-eating dinosaurs, or carnivores, walked on two legs, had sharp teeth, and moved quickly. [table] 3. Based on the passage, how did the Europasaurus s body change over time? Why did this change occur? [Important Detail] Suggested answer: The Europasaurus s body became smaller to adapt to the small island it lived on and the lack of food available to it. [bullet 3, paragraph 2] 1

7 Teacher Guide and Answer Key: Dinosaur Discovery 4. What is the central idea of the passage? [Main Idea] Suggested answer: Scientists recently found dinosaur fossils that support the idea that dinosaurs bodies developed to help them meet their survival needs in their habitats. With little food to eat, a normally tall and large dinosaur actually shrank over time to fit on the island. Directions: Please read the sentence below and then write the word or phrase that best answers the questions. The first answer has been provided for you. On an island in Germany, scientists recently found dinosaur fossils that are unlike any they had seen before. Who? scientists 5. (did) What? found dinosaur fossils unlike any they had seen before 6. Where? on an island in Germany 7. When? recently 8. The question below is an incomplete sentence. Choose the word that best completes the sentence. The Europasaurus didn t have much food to eat or land to roam across, it never grew very large. A but B because C so To the Teacher: ReadWorks recommends that you teach this vocabulary word to the whole class out loud using the four steps listed below. Vocabulary Word: graze (graze): to eat grass and other plants. Step 1: Introduce the word a. Teacher writes the word on the board and divides it into syllables: (graze) b. Teacher says: This word is graze. What is the word? [All students reply together out loud: Graze. ] 2

8 Teacher Guide and Answer Key: Dinosaur Discovery Step 2: Provide a child-friendly definition a. Teacher says: To graze means to eat grass and other plants. b. Teacher says: In the passage, herbivorous dinosaurs grazed, or ate grasses and other plants. c. Teacher says: What is the word? [All students reply together out loud: Graze. ] Step 3: Practice the word Teacher provides examples and additional opportunities to repeat the word. Read the first sentence out loud to your students. Begin reading it again and when you come to the vocabulary word prompt students to say the vocabulary word out loud. Then, finish reading the sentence out loud to your students. Directions: Read the vocabulary word and definition below. Then answer questions 9 and 10. Vocabulary Word: graze (graze): to eat grass and other plants. 9. Read the sentences below and underline all forms of the word graze. a. The old farmer brought the cows to the field to graze. b. The giraffe tried to graze for leaves on the highest branches of the tree. c. The cheetah carefully watched the zebra graze on tall grass. d. My pet guinea pig likes to graze on the dried alfalfa I leave in its cage. e. Mom was angry when she found that deer had grazed on her favorite plants in our garden! Step 4: Check for student understanding To the Teacher: This step can be completed as a whole class activity or as an independent practice. 10. Which picture shows a location that would be better for animals to graze? Suggested Additional Vocabulary: fossils 3

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