The Electric Potential, Electric Potential Energy and Energy Conservation. V = U/q 0. V = U/q 0 = W/q 0 1V [Volt] =1 Nm/C


 Shannon George
 4 years ago
 Views:
Transcription
1 Geneal Physics  PH Winte 6 Bjoen Seipel The Electic Potential, Electic Potential Enegy and Enegy Consevation Electic Potential Enegy U is the enegy of a chaged object in an extenal electic field (Unit Joule J) In electicity, it is usually moe convenient to use the Electic Potential V (o Voltage) is electic potential enegy pe unit chage, measued in joules pe coulomb (Unit Volt V) A chaged paticle q exets an electic foce (a consevative foce) in an electic field. If the chage q is not static then wok is done in an electic field by moving the chage q. The wok is popotional to the magnitude of chage (Moe wok is needed to move a bigge chage). This is simila to lift/dop an object against/with gavity. Geneal Physics  PH Winte 6 Bjoen Seipel Definition: The electic potential is electic potential enegy pe chage (like we deived the electic field). V = U/q The change in electic potential enegy pe chage is known as potential diffeence o voltage and is measued in Volt. Only changes of electic potential ae meaningful. V = U/q = W/q 1V [Volt] =1 Nm/C When we dealing with small chages, thee is anothe unit fo enegy: electon volt = enegy of one electon possesses when it has moved though a potential diffeence of 1 Volt 1 ev = J [Joule] Connection between electic field and electic potential (E=const.) V = U/q = W/q = q Ed/q = Ed F=q E F=mg U=E el =qed (W=Fs cosθ and U=W) U=E pot =mgh (when Efield is homogeneous, E is constant vecto eveywhee) Electic Potential Enegy Gavitational Potential Enegy The electic potential enegy incease/decease in the same way as like the gavitational enegy. Only diffeences in potential enegy ae impotant E = V/d= V/ s If E=const. The change in the potential pe distance is constant Example: Paallel Plate Capacito Fo calculating physical quantities it is the diffeence in potential which has significance, not the potential itself. Theefoe, we may choose any abitay point as having zeo potential 1
2 Geneal Physics  PH Winte 6 Bjoen Seipel Enegy consevation When we move a chage in an electic field the total enegy the electic foce is consevative must be conseved. (E kin + E el ) initial = (E kin +E el ) final (½ mv +U) initial =(½ mv +U) final (½ mv +qv) initial =(½ mv +qv) final ½ mv final=(½ mv ) initial + q(v final V initial ) v final=v initial+ q( V)/m ules: positives chages acceleate in the diection of deceasing electical potential negative chages in the opposite diection In both cases the chage moves to a egion with a lowe potential enegy Geneal Physics  PH Winte 6 Bjoen Seipel The Electic Potential of Point Chages q q 1 Electic foce F = k 1 1 If we elease test chage it will move (acceleate) away At point B: U A U B =(qed) A (qed) B = (Fd) A (Fd) B = kq q/ A  kq q/ B o V A V B = (U A U B )/ q = kq/ A  kq/ B if then V B = Definition: The electic potential fo a point chage kq V = [V ] The electic potential enegy fo a point chage q q U = q V = k [ J ] 3 4
3 Geneal Physics  PH Winte 6 Bjoen Seipel Supeposition of two o moe point chages The potential at a given point in space due to seveal chages can be found by adding the potential fom each chage Geneal Physics  PH Winte 6 Bjoen Seipel Anothe way to daw electic potentials: Contou Maps V A q = k q k q k 3... The dense the lines the moe geat is the change in the potential (Equipotential sufaces, Equipotential lines) The electic field points always in the diection of the deceasing lines No wok is equied to move a chage along an equipotential suface, the electic field at evey point on an equipotential suface is pependicula to the suface. 5 6
4 Geneal Physics  PH Winte 6 Bjoen Seipel The ideal conducto Geneal Physics  PH Winte 6 Bjoen Seipel If both sphees have the same potential Evey point on o within such a conducto is at the same potential. Ideal conductos ae equipotential objects. The electic field is stonge whee the conducto is shaply cuved. Why? Let s assume we have to chaged metal sphees both with the same electic potential. Lage sphee: kσ 4π V = kσ 4π E = Small sphee: = kσ 4π = kσ 4π k?4π 4 V = = k?4π Theefoe:?=σ small sphee = σ kσ 4π E = 4 = kσ 4π 4 highe chage density The potential of a metal sphee is given by kq V = The electic field is given by kq E = Q is the chage distibuted unifomly ove the suface A with a cetain chage density σ Q= σ A = σ 4π 7 8
5 Geneal Physics  PH Winte 6 Bjoen Seipel Capacitos A capacito is a device that stoes enegy associated with a configuation of chages. In geneal, a capacito consists of two conductos, one with a chage +Q and the othe with a chage Q. Geneal Physics  PH Winte 6 Bjoen Seipel Dielectics A way to incease the capacitance is with an insulting mateial between the plates a dielectic Dielectic slab Capacity is the ability to stoe chage and enegy. The capacitance C is defined as the atio of the magnitude of the chage on eithe conducto to the magnitude of the potential diffeence between the conductos: Q = C V o C = Q/V C: Capacitance [F = Faad] The paallelplate capacito We can calculated accoding to Gauss law fo a paallel plate capacito the electic field as Q σ A Q E = = = ε ε ε A Qd V = ε A We can calculate the potential as V=Ed Q ε A C = = Qd d ε A Capacitance of a paallelplate capacito Field lines teminate on negative chage and stat at positive chage on polaized slab. Less field lines ae going though the entie capacito. We educe Efield by a mateial dependent facto the dielectic constant κ E E = Vacuum κ=1; H O= 8.4 κ We know E V V = Ed = d = κ κ V decease with inceasing κ C = Q Q Q = = κ = κ C C incease with inceasing κ V V V κ We can expand the equation fo the paallel capacito: ε A C = κ d 9 1
6 Geneal Physics  PH Winte 6 Bjoen Seipel => Capacitance dependence also on the suface aea A of the plates and the distance d. That how a keyboad woks A dielectic beakdown appeas when the Electic field is too stong. That means stong enough to tea atoms apat. Geneal Physics  PH Winte 6 Bjoen Seipel Electical Enegy Stoage Situation: Paallel plate capacito with a chage Q on its plates and potential diffeence of V. Now we tansfe small packages of chage fom one play to the othe. The change in electic potential enegy would be U = Q V Attention! V is not constant. If we would tansfe anothe chage package we have to calculate with anothe V U= QV av = ½ QV Substance Mica Teflon Pape Pyex glass Neopene ubbe Ai Dielectic stength (V/m) 1 x x x x x x 1 6 With Q = CV U = ½ CV V = Q/C U = ½ Q /C Fo a paallel plate capacito Q = ε E A and V = Ed Theefoe U = ½ Q V = ½ (ε E A) (Ed)= ½ ε E A d A d is the volume between the plates so we can define a density (i.e. a quantity divided by its volume) Electic enegy density U E = electic enegy/ volume = ½ ε E Next time you walk acoss a capet and get a shock fom the dooknob think about the fact that you just have poduced an electic field of oughly 3 million V/m. 11 1
Voltage ( = Electric Potential )
V1 of 9 Voltage ( = lectic Potential ) An electic chage altes the space aound it. Thoughout the space aound evey chage is a vecto thing called the electic field. Also filling the space aound evey chage
More informationVoltage ( = Electric Potential )
V1 Voltage ( = Electic Potential ) An electic chage altes the space aound it. Thoughout the space aound evey chage is a vecto thing called the electic field. Also filling the space aound evey chage is
More informationGauss Law. Physics 231 Lecture 21
Gauss Law Physics 31 Lectue 1 lectic Field Lines The numbe of field lines, also known as lines of foce, ae elated to stength of the electic field Moe appopiately it is the numbe of field lines cossing
More informationThe force between electric charges. Comparing gravity and the interaction between charges. Coulomb s Law. Forces between two charges
The foce between electic chages Coulomb s Law Two chaged objects, of chage q and Q, sepaated by a distance, exet a foce on one anothe. The magnitude of this foce is given by: kqq Coulomb s Law: F whee
More informationChapter 22. Outside a uniformly charged sphere, the field looks like that of a point charge at the center of the sphere.
Chapte.3 What is the magnitude of a point chage whose electic field 5 cm away has the magnitude of.n/c. E E 5.56 1 11 C.5 An atom of plutonium39 has a nuclea adius of 6.64 fm and atomic numbe Z94. Assuming
More informationMagnetic Field and Magnetic Forces. Young and Freedman Chapter 27
Magnetic Field and Magnetic Foces Young and Feedman Chapte 27 Intoduction Reiew  electic fields 1) A chage (o collection of chages) poduces an electic field in the space aound it. 2) The electic field
More information12. Rolling, Torque, and Angular Momentum
12. olling, Toque, and Angula Momentum 1 olling Motion: A motion that is a combination of otational and tanslational motion, e.g. a wheel olling down the oad. Will only conside olling with out slipping.
More informationEpisode 401: Newton s law of universal gravitation
Episode 401: Newton s law of univesal gavitation This episode intoduces Newton s law of univesal gavitation fo point masses, and fo spheical masses, and gets students pactising calculations of the foce
More informationPhysics 235 Chapter 5. Chapter 5 Gravitation
Chapte 5 Gavitation In this Chapte we will eview the popeties of the gavitational foce. The gavitational foce has been discussed in geat detail in you intoductoy physics couses, and we will pimaily focus
More informationCharges, Coulomb s Law, and Electric Fields
Q&E 1 Chages, Coulomb s Law, and Electic ields Some expeimental facts: Expeimental fact 1: Electic chage comes in two types, which we call (+) and ( ). An atom consists of a heavy (+) chaged nucleus suounded
More informationSolution Derivations for Capa #8
Solution Deivations fo Capa #8 1) A ass spectoete applies a voltage of 2.00 kv to acceleate a singly chaged ion (+e). A 0.400 T field then bends the ion into a cicula path of adius 0.305. What is the ass
More informationForces & Magnetic Dipoles. r r τ = μ B r
Foces & Magnetic Dipoles x θ F θ F. = AI τ = U = Fist electic moto invented by Faaday, 1821 Wie with cuent flow (in cup of Hg) otates aound a a magnet Faaday s moto Wie with cuent otates aound a Pemanent
More informationFXA 2008. Candidates should be able to : Describe how a mass creates a gravitational field in the space around it.
Candidates should be able to : Descibe how a mass ceates a gavitational field in the space aound it. Define gavitational field stength as foce pe unit mass. Define and use the peiod of an object descibing
More informationChapter 2. Electrostatics
Chapte. Electostatics.. The Electostatic Field To calculate the foce exeted by some electic chages,,, 3,... (the souce chages) on anothe chage Q (the test chage) we can use the pinciple of supeposition.
More informationDeflection of Electrons by Electric and Magnetic Fields
Physics 233 Expeiment 42 Deflection of Electons by Electic and Magnetic Fields Refeences Loain, P. and D.R. Coson, Electomagnetism, Pinciples and Applications, 2nd ed., W.H. Feeman, 199. Intoduction An
More informationThe Role of Gravity in Orbital Motion
! The Role of Gavity in Obital Motion Pat of: Inquiy Science with Datmouth Developed by: Chistophe Caoll, Depatment of Physics & Astonomy, Datmouth College Adapted fom: How Gavity Affects Obits (Ohio State
More informationChapter 30: Magnetic Fields Due to Currents
d Chapte 3: Magnetic Field Due to Cuent A moving electic chage ceate a magnetic field. One of the moe pactical way of geneating a lage magnetic field (.11 T) i to ue a lage cuent flowing though a wie.
More informationVector Calculus: Are you ready? Vectors in 2D and 3D Space: Review
Vecto Calculus: Ae you eady? Vectos in D and 3D Space: Review Pupose: Make cetain that you can define, and use in context, vecto tems, concepts and fomulas listed below: Section 7.7. find the vecto defined
More informationGravitation. AP Physics C
Gavitation AP Physics C Newton s Law of Gavitation What causes YOU to be pulled down? THE EARTH.o moe specifically the EARTH S MASS. Anything that has MASS has a gavitational pull towads it. F α Mm g What
More informationSELFINDUCTANCE AND INDUCTORS
MISN0144 SELFINDUCTANCE AND INDUCTORS SELFINDUCTANCE AND INDUCTORS by Pete Signell Michigan State Univesity 1. Intoduction.............................................. 1 A 2. SelfInductance L.........................................
More informationAP Physics Electromagnetic Wrap Up
AP Physics Electomagnetic Wap Up Hee ae the gloious equations fo this wondeful section. F qsin This is the equation fo the magnetic foce acting on a moing chaged paticle in a magnetic field. The angle
More informationDisplacement, Velocity And Acceleration
Displacement, Velocity And Acceleation Vectos and Scalas Position Vectos Displacement Speed and Velocity Acceleation Complete Motion Diagams Outline Scala vs. Vecto Scalas vs. vectos Scala : a eal numbe,
More informationPY1052 Problem Set 8 Autumn 2004 Solutions
PY052 Poblem Set 8 Autumn 2004 Solutions H h () A solid ball stats fom est at the uppe end of the tack shown and olls without slipping until it olls off the ighthand end. If H 6.0 m and h 2.0 m, what
More informationF G r. Don't confuse G with g: "Big G" and "little g" are totally different things.
G1 Gavity Newton's Univesal Law of Gavitation (fist stated by Newton): any two masses m 1 and m exet an attactive gavitational foce on each othe accoding to m m G 1 This applies to all masses, not just
More informationPHYSICS 111 HOMEWORK SOLUTION #13. May 1, 2013
PHYSICS 111 HOMEWORK SOLUTION #13 May 1, 2013 0.1 In intoductoy physics laboatoies, a typical Cavendish balance fo measuing the gavitational constant G uses lead sphees with masses of 2.10 kg and 21.0
More informationA r. (Can you see that this just gives the formula we had above?)
241 (SJP, Phys 1120) lectic flux, and Gauss' law Finding the lectic field due to a bunch of chages is KY! Once you know, you know the foce on any chage you put down  you can pedict (o contol) motion
More informationGravity. A. Law of Gravity. Gravity. Physics: Mechanics. A. The Law of Gravity. Dr. Bill Pezzaglia. B. Gravitational Field. C.
Physics: Mechanics 1 Gavity D. Bill Pezzaglia A. The Law of Gavity Gavity B. Gavitational Field C. Tides Updated: 01Jul09 A. Law of Gavity 3 1a. Invese Squae Law 4 1. Invese Squae Law. Newton s 4 th law
More informationElectrostatic properties of conductors and dielectrics
Unit Electostatic popeties of conductos and dielectics. Intoduction. Dielectic beaking. onducto in electostatic equilibium..3 Gound connection.4 Phenomena of electostatic influence. Electostatic shields.5
More information2 r2 θ = r2 t. (3.59) The equal area law is the statement that the term in parentheses,
3.4. KEPLER S LAWS 145 3.4 Keple s laws You ae familia with the idea that one can solve some mechanics poblems using only consevation of enegy and (linea) momentum. Thus, some of what we see as objects
More information1240 ev nm 2.5 ev. (4) r 2 or mv 2 = ke2
Chapte 5 Example The helium atom has 2 electonic enegy levels: E 3p = 23.1 ev and E 2s = 20.6 ev whee the gound state is E = 0. If an electon makes a tansition fom 3p to 2s, what is the wavelength of the
More informationLesson 7 Gauss s Law and Electric Fields
Lesson 7 Gauss s Law and Electic Fields Lawence B. Rees 7. You may make a single copy of this document fo pesonal use without witten pemission. 7. Intoduction While it is impotant to gain a solid conceptual
More information2. Orbital dynamics and tides
2. Obital dynamics and tides 2.1 The twobody poblem This efes to the mutual gavitational inteaction of two bodies. An exact mathematical solution is possible and staightfowad. In the case that one body
More informationFluids Lecture 15 Notes
Fluids Lectue 15 Notes 1. Unifom flow, Souces, Sinks, Doublets Reading: Andeson 3.9 3.12 Unifom Flow Definition A unifom flow consists of a velocit field whee V = uî + vĵ is a constant. In 2D, this velocit
More informationLab #7: Energy Conservation
Lab #7: Enegy Consevation Photo by Kallin http://www.bungeezone.com/pics/kallin.shtml Reading Assignment: Chapte 7 Sections 1,, 3, 5, 6 Chapte 8 Sections 14 Intoduction: Pehaps one of the most unusual
More informationMultiple choice questions [60 points]
1 Multiple choice questions [60 points] Answe all o the ollowing questions. Read each question caeully. Fill the coect bubble on you scanton sheet. Each question has exactly one coect answe. All questions
More informationCHAPTER 5 GRAVITATIONAL FIELD AND POTENTIAL
CHATER 5 GRAVITATIONAL FIELD AND OTENTIAL 5. Intoduction. This chapte deals with the calculation of gavitational fields and potentials in the vicinity of vaious shapes and sizes of massive bodies. The
More information(a) The centripetal acceleration of a point on the equator of the Earth is given by v2. The velocity of the earth can be found by taking the ratio of
Homewok VI Ch. 7  Poblems 15, 19, 22, 25, 35, 43, 51. Poblem 15 (a) The centipetal acceleation of a point on the equato of the Eath is given by v2. The velocity of the eath can be found by taking the
More informationElectric Potential. otherwise to move the object from initial point i to final point f
PHY2061 Enched Physcs 2 Lectue Notes Electc Potental Electc Potental Dsclame: These lectue notes ae not meant to eplace the couse textbook. The content may be ncomplete. Some topcs may be unclea. These
More informationExam 3: Equation Summary
MASSACHUSETTS INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY Depatment of Physics Physics 8.1 TEAL Fall Tem 4 Momentum: p = mv, F t = p, Fext ave t= t f t= Exam 3: Equation Summay total = Impulse: I F( t ) = p Toque: τ = S S,P
More informationLesson 8 Ampère s Law and Differential Operators
Lesson 8 Ampèe s Law and Diffeential Opeatos Lawence Rees 7 You ma make a single cop of this document fo pesonal use without witten pemission 8 Intoduction Thee ae significant diffeences between the electic
More informationNUCLEAR MAGNETIC RESONANCE
19 Jul 04 NMR.1 NUCLEAR MAGNETIC RESONANCE In this expeiment the phenomenon of nuclea magnetic esonance will be used as the basis fo a method to accuately measue magnetic field stength, and to study magnetic
More informationGravitation and Kepler s Laws Newton s Law of Universal Gravitation in vectorial. Gm 1 m 2. r 2
F Gm Gavitation and Keple s Laws Newton s Law of Univesal Gavitation in vectoial fom: F 12 21 Gm 1 m 2 12 2 ˆ 12 whee the hat (ˆ) denotes a unit vecto as usual. Gavity obeys the supeposition pinciple,
More informationPhys 2101 Gabriela González. cos. sin. sin
1 Phys 101 Gabiela González a m t t ma ma m m T α φ ω φ sin cos α τ α φ τ sin m m α τ I We know all of that aleady!! 3 The figue shows the massive shield doo at a neuton test facility at Lawence Livemoe
More informationExperiment 6: Centripetal Force
Name Section Date Intoduction Expeiment 6: Centipetal oce This expeiment is concened with the foce necessay to keep an object moving in a constant cicula path. Accoding to Newton s fist law of motion thee
More informationChapter 19: Electric Charges, Forces, and Fields ( ) ( 6 )( 6
Chapte 9 lectic Chages, Foces, an Fiels 6 9. One in a million (0 ) ogen molecules in a containe has lost an electon. We assume that the lost electons have been emove fom the gas altogethe. Fin the numbe
More informationAnalytical Proof of Newton's Force Laws
Analytical Poof of Newton s Foce Laws Page 1 1 Intouction Analytical Poof of Newton's Foce Laws Many stuents intuitively assume that Newton's inetial an gavitational foce laws, F = ma an Mm F = G, ae tue
More informationLecture 16: Color and Intensity. and he made him a coat of many colours. Genesis 37:3
Lectue 16: Colo and Intensity and he made him a coat of many colous. Genesis 37:3 1. Intoduction To display a pictue using Compute Gaphics, we need to compute the colo and intensity of the light at each
More informationGAUSS S LAW APPLIED TO CYLINDRICAL AND PLANAR CHARGE DISTRIBUTIONS ` E MISN0133. CHARGE DISTRIBUTIONS by Peter Signell, Michigan State University
MISN0133 GAUSS S LAW APPLIED TO CYLINDRICAL AND PLANAR CHARGE DISTRIBUTIONS GAUSS S LAW APPLIED TO CYLINDRICAL AND PLANAR CHARGE DISTRIBUTIONS by Pete Signell, Michigan State Univesity 1. Intoduction..............................................
More informationExperiment MF Magnetic Force
Expeiment MF Magnetic Foce Intoduction The magnetic foce on a cuentcaying conducto is basic to evey electic moto  tuning the hands of electic watches and clocks, tanspoting tape in Walkmans, stating
More informationMechanics 1: Motion in a Central Force Field
Mechanics : Motion in a Cental Foce Field We now stud the popeties of a paticle of (constant) ass oving in a paticula tpe of foce field, a cental foce field. Cental foces ae ve ipotant in phsics and engineeing.
More informationMechanics 1: Work, Power and Kinetic Energy
Mechanics 1: Wok, Powe and Kinetic Eneg We fist intoduce the ideas of wok and powe. The notion of wok can be viewed as the bidge between Newton s second law, and eneg (which we have et to define and discuss).
More informationwww.sakshieducation.com
Viscosity. The popety of viscosity in gas is due to ) Cohesive foces between the moecues ) Coisions between the moecues ) Not having a definite voume ) Not having a definite size. When tempeatue is inceased
More informationTORQUE AND ANGULAR MOMENTUM IN CIRCULAR MOTION
MISN034 TORQUE AND ANGULAR MOMENTUM IN CIRCULAR MOTION shaft TORQUE AND ANGULAR MOMENTUM IN CIRCULAR MOTION by Kiby Mogan, Chalotte, Michigan 1. Intoduction..............................................
More informationChapter 17 The Kepler Problem: Planetary Mechanics and the Bohr Atom
Chapte 7 The Keple Poblem: Planetay Mechanics and the Boh Atom Keple s Laws: Each planet moves in an ellipse with the sun at one focus. The adius vecto fom the sun to a planet sweeps out equal aeas in
More informationVISCOSITY OF BIODIESEL FUELS
VISCOSITY OF BIODIESEL FUELS One of the key assumptions fo ideal gases is that the motion of a given paticle is independent of any othe paticles in the system. With this assumption in place, one can use
More informationQuestions & Answers Chapter 10 Software Reliability Prediction, Allocation and Demonstration Testing
M13914 Questions & Answes Chapte 10 Softwae Reliability Pediction, Allocation and Demonstation Testing 1. Homewok: How to deive the fomula of failue ate estimate. λ = χ α,+ t When the failue times follow
More informationTECHNICAL DATA. JIS (Japanese Industrial Standard) Screw Thread. Specifications
JIS (Japanese Industial Standad) Scew Thead Specifications TECNICAL DATA Note: Although these specifications ae based on JIS they also apply to and DIN s. Some comments added by Mayland Metics Coutesy
More informationModel Question Paper Mathematics Class XII
Model Question Pape Mathematics Class XII Time Allowed : 3 hous Maks: 100 Ma: Geneal Instuctions (i) The question pape consists of thee pats A, B and C. Each question of each pat is compulsoy. (ii) Pat
More information7 Circular Motion. 71 Centripetal Acceleration and Force. Period, Frequency, and Speed. Vocabulary
7 Cicula Motion 71 Centipetal Acceleation and Foce Peiod, Fequency, and Speed Vocabulay Vocabulay Peiod: he time it takes fo one full otation o evolution of an object. Fequency: he numbe of otations o
More informationPearson Physics Level 30 Unit VI Forces and Fields: Chapter 10 Solutions
Peason Physics Level 30 Unit VI Foces and Fields: hapte 10 Solutions Student Book page 518 oncept heck 1. It is easie fo ebonite to eove electons fo fu than fo silk.. Ebonite acquies a negative chage when
More informationSpirotechnics! September 7, 2011. Amanda Zeringue, Michael Spannuth and Amanda Zeringue Dierential Geometry Project
Spiotechnics! Septembe 7, 2011 Amanda Zeingue, Michael Spannuth and Amanda Zeingue Dieential Geomety Poject 1 The Beginning The geneal consensus of ou goup began with one thought: Spiogaphs ae awesome.
More informationSupplementary Material for EpiDiff
Supplementay Mateial fo EpiDiff Supplementay Text S1. Pocessing of aw chomatin modification data In ode to obtain the chomatin modification levels in each of the egions submitted by the use QDCMR module
More informationMoment and couple. In 3D, because the determination of the distance can be tedious, a vector approach becomes advantageous. r r
Moment and couple In 3D, because the detemination of the distance can be tedious, a vecto appoach becomes advantageous. o k j i M k j i M o ) ( ) ( ) ( + + M o M + + + + M M + O A Moment about an abita
More informationAN IMPLEMENTATION OF BINARY AND FLOATING POINT CHROMOSOME REPRESENTATION IN GENETIC ALGORITHM
AN IMPLEMENTATION OF BINARY AND FLOATING POINT CHROMOSOME REPRESENTATION IN GENETIC ALGORITHM Main Golub Faculty of Electical Engineeing and Computing, Univesity of Zageb Depatment of Electonics, Micoelectonics,
More informationAn Introduction to Omega
An Intoduction to Omega Con Keating and William F. Shadwick These distibutions have the same mean and vaiance. Ae you indiffeent to thei iskewad chaacteistics? The Finance Development Cente 2002 1 Fom
More informationSolutions for Physics 1301 Course Review (Problems 10 through 18)
Solutions fo Physics 1301 Couse Review (Poblems 10 though 18) 10) a) When the bicycle wheel comes into contact with the step, thee ae fou foces acting on it at that moment: its own weight, Mg ; the nomal
More informationYARN PROPERTIES MEASUREMENT: AN OPTICAL APPROACH
nd INTERNATIONAL TEXTILE, CLOTHING & ESIGN CONFERENCE Magic Wold of Textiles Octobe 03 d to 06 th 004, UBROVNIK, CROATIA YARN PROPERTIES MEASUREMENT: AN OPTICAL APPROACH Jana VOBOROVA; Ashish GARG; Bohuslav
More informationProblems of the 2 nd and 9 th International Physics Olympiads (Budapest, Hungary, 1968 and 1976)
Poblems of the nd and 9 th Intenational Physics Olympiads (Budapest Hungay 968 and 976) Péte Vankó Institute of Physics Budapest Univesity of Technology and Economics Budapest Hungay Abstact Afte a shot
More informationCarterPenrose diagrams and black holes
CatePenose diagams and black holes Ewa Felinska The basic intoduction to the method of building Penose diagams has been pesented, stating with obtaining a Penose diagam fom Minkowski space. An example
More informationdz + η 1 r r 2 + c 1 ln r + c 2 subject to the boundary conditions of noslip side walls and finite force over the fluid length u z at r = 0
Poiseuille Flow Jean Louis Maie Poiseuille, a Fench physicist and physiologist, was inteested in human blood flow and aound 1840 he expeimentally deived a law fo flow though cylindical pipes. It s extemely
More informationChapter 4: Fluid Kinematics
41 Lagangian g and Euleian Desciptions 42 Fundamentals of Flow Visualization 43 Kinematic Desciption 44 Reynolds Tanspot Theoem (RTT) 41 Lagangian and Euleian Desciptions (1) Lagangian desciption
More informationPhysics HSC Course Stage 6. Space. Part 1: Earth s gravitational field
Physics HSC Couse Stage 6 Space Pat 1: Eath s gavitational field Contents Intoduction... Weight... 4 The value of g... 7 Measuing g...8 Vaiations in g...11 Calculating g and W...13 You weight on othe
More informationCoordinate Systems L. M. Kalnins, March 2009
Coodinate Sstems L. M. Kalnins, Mach 2009 Pupose of a Coodinate Sstem The pupose of a coodinate sstem is to uniquel detemine the position of an object o data point in space. B space we ma liteall mean
More informationFigure 2. So it is very likely that the Babylonians attributed 60 units to each side of the hexagon. Its resulting perimeter would then be 360!
1. What ae angles? Last time, we looked at how the Geeks intepeted measument of lengths. Howeve, as fascinated as they wee with geomety, thee was a shape that was much moe enticing than any othe : the
More informationDipole moments 1 2.10 DETERMINATION OF DIPOLE MOMENT FROM RELATIVE PERMITTIVITY AND REFRACTIVE INDEX. Plates applying external electric field
Dipole moments 1.10 DETERMINATION OF DIPOLE MOMENT FROM RELATIVE PERMITTIVITY AND REFRACTIVE INDEX (4 points) Plates applying extenal electic field Suface chages on dielectic block Figue 1. Polaization
More informationMagnetic Bearing with Radial Magnetized Permanent Magnets
Wold Applied Sciences Jounal 23 (4): 495499, 2013 ISSN 18184952 IDOSI Publications, 2013 DOI: 10.5829/idosi.wasj.2013.23.04.23080 Magnetic eaing with Radial Magnetized Pemanent Magnets Vyacheslav Evgenevich
More information12.1. FÖRSTER RESONANCE ENERGY TRANSFER
ndei Tokmakoff, MIT epatment of Chemisty, 3/5/8 11 1.1. FÖRSTER RESONNCE ENERGY TRNSFER Föste esonance enegy tansfe (FR) efes to the nonadiative tansfe of an electonic excitation fom a dono molecule to
More informationUniform Rectilinear Motion
Engineeing Mechanics : Dynamics Unifom Rectilinea Motion Fo paticle in unifom ectilinea motion, the acceleation is zeo and the elocity is constant. d d t constant t t 111 Engineeing Mechanics : Dynamics
More informationAn Epidemic Model of Mobile Phone Virus
An Epidemic Model of Mobile Phone Vius Hui Zheng, Dong Li, Zhuo Gao 3 Netwok Reseach Cente, Tsinghua Univesity, P. R. China zh@tsinghua.edu.cn School of Compute Science and Technology, Huazhong Univesity
More informationComparing Availability of Various Rack Power Redundancy Configurations
Compaing Availability of Vaious Rack Powe Redundancy Configuations By Victo Avela White Pape #48 Executive Summay Tansfe switches and dualpath powe distibution to IT equipment ae used to enhance the availability
More informationExcitation energies for molecules by TimeDependent. based on Effective Exact Exchange KohnSham potential
Excitation enegies fo molecules by TimeDependent DensityFunctional Theoy based on Effective Exact Exchange KohnSham potential Fabio Della Sala National Nanotechnology Laboatoies Lecce Italy A. Göling
More informationINVESTIGATION OF FLOW INSIDE AN AXIALFLOW PUMP OF GV IMP TYPE
1 INVESTIGATION OF FLOW INSIDE AN AXIALFLOW PUMP OF GV IMP TYPE ANATOLIY A. YEVTUSHENKO 1, ALEXEY N. KOCHEVSKY 1, NATALYA A. FEDOTOVA 1, ALEXANDER Y. SCHELYAEV 2, VLADIMIR N. KONSHIN 2 1 Depatment of
More informationChapter 4: Fluid Kinematics
Oveview Fluid kinematics deals with the motion of fluids without consideing the foces and moments which ceate the motion. Items discussed in this Chapte. Mateial deivative and its elationship to Lagangian
More informationInstituto Superior Técnico Av. Rovisco Pais, 1 1049001 Lisboa Email: virginia.infante@ist.utl.pt
FATIGUE LIFE TIME PREDICTIO OF POAF EPSILO TB30 AIRCRAFT  PART I: IMPLEMETATIO OF DIFERET CYCLE COUTIG METHODS TO PREDICT THE ACCUMULATED DAMAGE B. A. S. Seano 1, V. I. M.. Infante 2, B. S. D. Maado
More informationIntroduction to Fluid Mechanics
Chapte 1 1 1.6. Solved Examples Example 1.1 Dimensions and Units A body weighs 1 Ibf when exposed to a standad eath gavity g = 3.174 ft/s. (a) What is its mass in kg? (b) What will the weight of this body
More informationChapter 3 Savings, Present Value and Ricardian Equivalence
Chapte 3 Savings, Pesent Value and Ricadian Equivalence Chapte Oveview In the pevious chapte we studied the decision of households to supply hous to the labo maket. This decision was a static decision,
More informationChapter 2 Coulomb s Law
Chapte Coulomb s Law.1 lectic Chage...3. Coulomb's Law...3 Animation.1: Van de Gaaff Geneato...4.3 Pinciple of Supeposition...5 xample.1: Thee Chages...5.4 lectic Field...7 Animation.: lectic Field
More informationGravitation. Definition of Weight Revisited. Newton s Law of Universal Gravitation. Newton s Law of Universal Gravitation. Gravitational Field
Defnton of Weght evsted Gavtaton The weght of an object on o above the eath s the gavtatonal foce that the eath exets on the object. The weght always ponts towad the cente of mass of the eath. On o above
More informationIlona V. Tregub, ScD., Professor
Investment Potfolio Fomation fo the Pension Fund of Russia Ilona V. egub, ScD., Pofesso Mathematical Modeling of Economic Pocesses Depatment he Financial Univesity unde the Govenment of the Russian Fedeation
More informationAdvanced Control of Active Filters. in a Battery Charger Application. Martin Bojrup
Advanced Contol of Active Filtes in a Battey Chage Application Matin Bojup Lund 999 ii Cove pictue Measuement on the dynamic esponse of the MRI hamonic filte contolle: load cuent (top), esulting line cuent
More informationSemipartial (Part) and Partial Correlation
Semipatial (Pat) and Patial Coelation his discussion boows heavily fom Applied Multiple egession/coelation Analysis fo the Behavioal Sciences, by Jacob and Paticia Cohen (975 edition; thee is also an updated
More information3.11 Recitation #9 November 4, 2003. Rubber Elasticity
3.11 Recitation #9 Novembe 4, 2003 Moe Disode Rubbe Elasticity The Entopic Sping Entopy  a natual law that expesses the diving foce towads disode Less Disode Rubbe bands ae made fom polymes, but the chains
More informationGravitational Mechanics of the MarsPhobos System: Comparing Methods of Orbital Dynamics Modeling for Exploratory Mission Planning
Gavitational Mechanics of the MasPhobos System: Compaing Methods of Obital Dynamics Modeling fo Exploatoy Mission Planning Alfedo C. Itualde The Pennsylvania State Univesity, Univesity Pak, PA, 6802 This
More informationDIFFERENT TYPES OF HUMAN HEAD SHAPES FOR CELLULAR PHONE EXPOSURE ON ELECTROMAGNETIC ABSORPTION
DIFFERENT TYPES OF HUMAN HEAD SHAPES FOR CELLULAR PHONE EXPOSURE ON ELECTROMAGNETIC ABSORPTION Mohammad Rashed Iqbal Fauque* #1, Mohammad Taiqul Islam* 2, Nobahiah Misan* #3 * Institute of Space Science
More informationDYNAMICS AND STRUCTURAL LOADING IN WIND TURBINES
DYNAMIS AND STRUTURAL LOADING IN WIND TURBINES M. Ragheb 12/30/2008 INTRODUTION The loading egimes to which wind tubines ae subject to ae extemely complex equiing special attention in thei design, opeation
More informationest using the formula I = Prt, where I is the interest earned, P is the principal, r is the interest rate, and t is the time in years.
9.2 Inteest Objectives 1. Undestand the simple inteest fomula. 2. Use the compound inteest fomula to find futue value. 3. Solve the compound inteest fomula fo diffeent unknowns, such as the pesent value,
More informationLATIN SQUARE DESIGN (LS) With the Latin Square design you are able to control variation in two directions.
Facts about the LS Design LATIN SQUARE DESIGN (LS) With the Latin Squae design you ae able to contol vaiation in two diections. Teatments ae aanged in ows and columns Each ow contains evey teatment.
More informationStrength Analysis and Optimization Design about the key parts of the Robot
Intenational Jounal of Reseach in Engineeing and Science (IJRES) ISSN (Online): 23209364, ISSN (Pint): 23209356 www.ijes.og Volume 3 Issue 3 ǁ Mach 2015 ǁ PP.2529 Stength Analysis and Optimization Design
More informationCHAPTER 26 ELECTROSTATIC ENERGY AND CAPACITORS
CHAPTER 6 ELECTROSTATIC ENERGY AND CAPACITORS. Three point charges, each of +q, are moved from infinity to the vertices of an equilateral triangle of side l. How much work is required? The sentence preceding
More informationComparing Availability of Various Rack Power Redundancy Configurations
Compaing Availability of Vaious Rack Powe Redundancy Configuations White Pape 48 Revision by Victo Avela > Executive summay Tansfe switches and dualpath powe distibution to IT equipment ae used to enhance
More information