Combined Solar Power & Desalination Plants for the Mediterranean Region

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1 Combined Solar Power & Desalination Plants for the Mediterranean Region D e u t s c h e s Z e n t r u m f ü r u f t u n d R a u m f a h r t e.v. Institute of Technical Thermodynamics Stuttgart, Germany Franz Trieb

2 Principles of Solar Thermal Power Stations Applications of Solar Thermal Power Stations Solar Power & Desalination Performance Estimate Resource Assessment Perspectives for EuroMediterranean CoOperation

3 Photo: KJC Photo: KJC Oil (5 bar, 380 C) Steam (100 bar, 500 C)

4 Photo: DR Photo: DR Pressurized Air (15 bar, 1200 C)

5 Animation: FhGISE Sunlight S e c o n d a r y Reflector Fresnel Reflector Absorber Tube Photo: Solarmundo Steam (100 bar, 550 C) Fresnel System

6 Applications Power Generation by Steam Turbines with Parabolic Trough or Fresnel System

7 Applications Solar unit Receiver Combined Cycle Plant Heliostat Field Gas Turbine Steam Cycle Power Generation by Gas Turbines or Combined Cycles with Power Tower System

8 Applications View from underneath the Solarmundo Collector Parking Greenhouse Market Exhibitions etc. Shaded Space below the Collector Field

9 Applications Fuel Concentrating Solar Collector Field Thermal Power Cycle for Co Generation Heat Heat Thermal Energy Storage Thermal Desalination Plant Electricity Desalted Water Combined Power and Water

10 Solar Power & Desalination Performance (Parabolic Trough) Trees P o w e r i n e F r e s h w a t e r P i p e l i n e 3 k m S o l a r Field P o w e r B l o c k & Desalination Plant S a l t w a t e r Pipeline Salt Net Power: 200 MW Water: 40 MIGD Investment: 795 M Electricity Million kwh per year cents/kwh Water Million m³ per year /m³ ByProducts... Wood, Agriculture, Shaded Space, Salt

11 Solar Radiation Intensity and Properties + + Infrastructure + + Solar Electricity Cost Economic Database änderdatensatz für Marokko Symbol Wert E in h e i t Performance Model Natural Risks + Parameterbezeichnung and Use A and 3 and 2 Morocco K S Quelle Kommentar O ANDA 2001 KassaWechselkurs von DH in EUR, Durchschnitt vom bis (R) K I S T N E R und P R I C E ; u.a. j ä h r l i c h e r R ea l z i n s s a t z Kostenfaktorübergreifende Modellfaktoren + Währungsu m rechnungsfaktor rw Z i n s f u ß d e r E i g e n k a p i t a l v e r z i ns u n g ie 0,10220 EUR/DH 16,0 % P r e i s s t e i g e r u n g s r a t e o h n, n a t i on a l e, nat 0 % jährliche Rate Preissteigerungsrate Material, na tional e M, nat 0 % jährliche Rate Nach Kostenfaktoren geordnet he s p e zi f i s c h e k G 0 Mio. DH/qm k Pl 16,0 (D) Mio. DH/km (R) MINISTERIUM F. K UTUR U. bezogen auf den Quadratmeter K O M M U N I K A T I O N, Grundfläche MAROKKO 2001; FACHGAS 1994, 88; u. a. x x BR Ö S A M E , S entspr. 1,64 Mio. EUR/km (D) 2,5 (V) 0,26 Mio. EUR/km (V) 0 (T) 0 Mio. EUR/km (T) = Werte am ursprünglichen B e zugsjahr: entspr. 16,0 Mio. EUR/km (D) 2,5 Mio. EUR/km (V) 0 Mio. EUR/km (T) che sche k St 1,05 Mio. DH/km (x) FACHGAS 1994 entspr EUR/km k Nz 0,35 Mio. DH/km x FACHGAS 1994 entspr EUR/km vorläufiger Wert d I, nat en, national d I,, nat o s t e n, n a t io n a l d I, M, nat n a tio n a l k Sf, nat inte r n a t i o n a l k Sf, int 0 % 11 % 79 % 1104 DH/qm 137 EUR/qm 15,5 % (R) x (x) (x) begründete Schätzung (x) (x) x x begründete Schätzung nach T RIEB b ; FACHGAS 1994 Tab. 95 FACHGAS 1994 Tab. 95 nach T RIEB b teil d Sf, n a t nal K Kw, nat 38,0 Mio. DH (x) x TRIEB b ; FACHGAS 1994 Tab. 95 n a tio n a l K Kw, int 30,4 Mio. EUR (x) x TRIEB b ; FACHGAS b e z o g e n a u f d i e A p e rt u r f l ä c h e ; entspr. ca. 113 EUR/qm; entspr. 3,88 Mio. EUR und damit 11,3 % der gesamten Kraftwerkblockkosten STEPS

12 Perspectives E U R O M E D Technological Resources Solar Energy Resource Synergetic Effects of a EuroMediterranen Cooperation for the Use of Renewable Energy Sources Financial Resources and Resources Demand for Electricity Demand for Desalination Potential in Europe Synergetic Potential Potential in MED (qualitative comparison)

13 Vision of a EuroMediterranean Interconnected Grid with High Renewable Energy Share Solar Wind Hydro Geothermal EUROMED possible further interconnections

14 Power GW Date CHP (fossil) Wind, PV Geo, Hydro, Bio Import Solar Import Hydro, Geo Pump Storage Peak Power (fossil) Surplus Power Electricity Mix from Renewable Energy Sources, Cogeneration and Conventional Peak Power Plants in a German Electricity Scenario for the Year 2050

15 Solar Electricity Cost Estimate until 2030 E l e c t r i c i t y C o s t i n E u r o c e n t s / k W h so l a r sha r e h / a h / a Medium oad Base oad Import Europe Y e a r Parameters: Parabolic Trough Technology, 200 MW Plant Units, No Subsidies nor other Financial Support, Discount Rate 10 %/y, Economic ife 25 years, Solar Irradiation 2350 TWh/km²year, Cost of Desalted Water 1.30 /m³. High Voltage Direct Current Transmission to Europe: Distance km, Transmitted Power MW (solar only), Maximum osses at Full oad 15 %, Investment 1.4 Billion

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