DUBAL Beat the Heat. Prevention Method

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "DUBAL Beat the Heat. Prevention Method"

Transcription

1 DUBAL Beat the Heat Prevention Method

2 Introduction The body is required to get rid of excess heat to maintain a constant internal temperature (37 C) The body s s best mechanism for removing any excess heat is through the evaporation of sweat

3 How does heat alter this? High humidity stops/decreases the evaporation of sweat and therefore no heat is lost Muscular strength declines due to increased blood circulation to the skin, resulting in decreased flow to muscles Overheating decreases alertness and mental capacity

4 Blood - the key component Blood has the essential functions of providing oxygen and nutrients to vital organs and working muscles However it also carries heat from working muscles and the body s core to the skin so heat can be dissipated The blood volume is about 5 L for males and about 4 L for females

5 So what happens when I work in the heat? Thermal stress results in sweating: sweat evaporates producing cooling all sweat comes from blood supply initially, so increased sweat results in decreased blood volume

6 Dehydration: the impact If blood volume decreases you become dehydrated: there is less blood available to go to the skin and to ability to dissipate heat is lost heart rate increases because of this smaller volume, resulting in excessive fatigue blood supply to the gut is reduced resulting in decreased fluid absorption less blood is available to supply working muscles mental capacity is compromised due to decreased blood flow to the brain

7 Dehydration facts Single biggest cause of heat illness Thirst only starts at 2% dehydration of body weight Start drinking fluid immediately, don t t wait until thirsty Sweat rate can reach up to 1 litre per hour Drink small amounts and often (program drinking) Typically 40% of workers come to work dehydrated Drink plenty of water before coming to work Aim for clear to straw coloured urine when at work Drink so as to urinate frequently (~ 4 times a day)

8 Dehydration: the impact 1 to 2% dehydration 6 to 7% reduction in physical work rate 3 to 4% dehydration 22% to 50% reduction in work rate, for moderate and hot environments Mental performance begins to decrease at 2% dehydration and beyond that decrease proportionally to the level of dehydration

9 Summary The best way to maintain blood volume and therefore your capacity to stay cool is to prevent dehydration by maintaining fluid intake This is the same as ensuring a radiator is topped up with coolant before going on a trip. If the radiator is full the engine won t t overheat, if its only half full its performance will be limited and it will overheat

10 So what exactly is in sweat? Water Sodium (salt) Potassium Magnesium, Calcium larger amount small amount Virtually none

11 Fine, but how much fluid do you lose? Sweat Rate 500 (ml.h -1 ) Sweat Rate Hour 1 Hour 2 Hour 3 Hour 4 Hour 5 Hour 6 Hour Hourly Sweat Rate over 6 Hours at 35 C C and 50% RH Average sweat rate ~ 600 mls/hr Working for 10 hrs : 6 L lost in a day

12 What about salt? Sodium (mmol.l -1 ) Sweat Sodium Concentration per Hour Hour 1 Hour 2 Hour 3 Hour 4 Hour 5 Hour 6 Arms Legs Sodium Concentration changes in Arms and Legs over 6 hours (Mean+/- SD) Average sodium loss: ~ 40 mmol/l/hr Working for 10 hrs at a rate of 600ml/hr = 240mmol 240 mmol = 5.52 g lost in a day About 13 grams of salt which is about 3 teaspoons!

13 What s s wrong with caffeine and alcohol? Caffeine and alcohol are diuretics (i.e. they cause increased rate of urination)

14 Alcohol : an example If you are dehydrated by 3 Kg (3 L): -And you drink 3 litres of fullstrength beer -you produce 3.5 kg urine Net LOSS = 0.5 kg -End up 3.5 kg dehydrated -And you drink 3 litres of pure water -you produce 0.0 kg urine. Net GAIN = 3 kg -End up hydrated

15 Caffeine Coffee (per 250 ml mug) Percolated mg caffeine Instant mg caffeine Tea (per 250 ml mug) 1 minute brew mg caffeine 5 minute brew mg caffeine

16 Caffeine (cont.) Caffeinated drinks (per 375 ml can) Coke Pepsi Energy drinks (per 250ml can) 75 mg caffeine 60 mg caffeine Red Bull 80 mg caffeine V 78 mg caffeine

17 What you can do to limit these effects Drink tea in preference to coffee Drink weaker coffee or tea Reduce or eliminate intake of cola and energy drinks Drink a cup of water every time you drink a cup of tea or coffee When drinking alcohol make sure you are hydrated when you start

18 Can hydration status be tested? Simple test ; Urine Specific Gravity using a refractometer Takes less than one minute Measures concentration of urine compared to water

19 Specific Gravity : what it means Excellent Okay Need fluid Hypo-hydrated Dehydrated

20 So what are the health problems associated with heat stress? Heat Stroke body s s system of temperature regulation fails body temperature rises to critical levels deep body temp. exceeds 40 C primary signs: confusion, irrational behaviour, loss of consciousness, convulsions, lack of sweating, hot dry skin

21 Heat stroke first aid call medical attention immediately move person to shade remove clothing and wet skin increase local air velocity increase fluid intake if possible can lead to permanent brain damage and death

22 Heat Exhaustion symptoms resemble heat stroke and include headache, nausea, weakness, thirst and giddiness caused by loss of large amounts of fluids as sweat skin is clammy and moist complexion is red with rapid pulse body temperature is normal or slightly elevated Heat exhaustion first aid rest in cool place drink plenty of fluids severe cases could take one or two days to recover no known permanent side effects

23 Heat Cramps painful muscle spasm that occurs when sweating profusely in heat electrolyte imbalance caused by sweating water may be drunk but person must replace lost electrolytes Avoidance of heat cramps thirst cannot be used as a guide for the need to drink fluid water must be taken every min in hot environments drink electrolyte replacement fluids muscles being used are most susceptible

24 Heat Collapse (fainting) workers not accustomed to hot environments who stand upright and immobile for long periods of time blood pools inadequate venous return resulting in decreased blood pumped to brain prevented by keeping workers moving and an acclimatisation program

25 Heat Rash (prickly heat) occurs most commonly in hot, humid environments sweat is not easily removed from skin sweat ducts become blocked, causing rash prevent by cool breaks and regular bathing and drying of skin Heat Fatigue temporary state of mental or psychological strain resulting from prolonged heat exposure decline in task performance, coordination, alertness reduced by heat acclimatisation

26 Long term health effects of heat stress Kidney stones is the most common Cancer of the bladder has recently been reported Possibly other effects in certain individuals from too much sugar i.e. when sweat replaced with full strength soft drinks and caffeinated drinks

27 Other benefits Thermal Comfort Exercise Performance Core Temperature Sweating Skin Blood Flow Body Heat Production Heart Rate Thirst Salt Losses (sweat & urine) Organ Protection Improved Improved Reduced Earlier & Greater Earlier Lower Lowered Improved Reduced Improved

28 Air-conditioning Alternating hot and cold conditions: Does not cause colds Can result in chill to kidney area: thermal shock Will not cause any permanent problems Do not set air-conditioning temperature too low Aim for about 25 C inside

29 What factors will affect our ability to remove excess heat? Physical factors age weight physical fitness acclimatisation metabolism use of alcohol or drugs hypertension general health

30 Why does my weight matter? The best measure of your weight status is Body Mass Index or BMI BMI= weight (kg)/ height (m)² A guide to risk of chronic health problems, life expectancy, and likelihood of poor quality of life in old age BMI : <19 UNDERWEIGHT ACCEPTABLE OVERWEIGHT >31 OBESE

31 BMI the impact 7690 workers injury reports examined 29% where injured over 3 yrs 85% of these were overweight (25-30) or obese (>30) 28% were overweight and 64% obese Those with BMI >40 were twice as likely to sustain an injury (am j epidemiol 2007 pollock et al)

32 The importance of physical fitness Heat stress places additional cardiovascular strain, hence superior aerobic capacity is a big advantage Workers who are selected for hot jobs that are in good general health and physical condition have less chance of getting heat stroke and other heat related illnesses Short term and minor illnesses should also be considered - flu, diarrhoea, vomiting, hangover Workers on medication should seek medical clearance

33 What else can you do outside the workplace? Drink water outside of work not just caffeine (tea, coffee, Coke) or alcohol (beer, spirits, wine) Good diet Good quality sleep

34 Heat Stress and Prevention Methods

35 Recognition & treating Heat Stress If heat stress is not recognized & treated in the early stages, it can have serious effects on the body such as: Hash Rash Heat Exhaustion Heat Cramps Heat Stress Heat Stroke

36 Heat Stress: Normal human body can maintain temperature between 36 C 38 C. By any chance the body heat rise, automatically that body will try to reduce the excess heat gained, but if the body gaining the heat faster that reducing it then we will have heat stress situation. This may happen in high air temperatures, radiant heat sources, high humidity, direct physical contact with hot objects, or strenuous physical activities.

37 Drink Plenty of Fluids

38 During hot weather you will need to increase your fluid intake, regardless of your activity level. Don t wait until you re thirsty to drink. During heavy exercise in a hot environment, drink two to four glasses (0.5 1 Litre) of cool fluids each hour. Heavy sweating removes salt and minerals from the body. These are necessary for your body and must be replaced. A rehydrating solution (Pocari Sweat) can replace the salt and minerals you lose in sweat. (One small cup every minutes)

39 Stay Cool & Keep your skin Healthy Wash hot body areas by cold water Take shower Change wet clothe

40 Take Frequent Breaks Take more frequent breaks in cool, shaded areas when working in extreme temperatures or at the first sign of heat stress symptoms. If possible, try to schedule your tasks around the weather. Complete more physical tasks in the morning.

41 Avoid hot foods and heavy meals

42 In summer period try to have light meals. Hot foods and heavy meals adding heat to your body

43 Heat Rash Prevention Method

44 Use Heat Rash Prevention Cream

45 Use T-Shirt T with long sleeve and long Johns to avoid heat rash

46 Heat stress is 100% avoidable and preventable as long as you recognize the signs and take proper precautions.

HEAT ILLNESS PREVENTION PLAN FOR SUTTER COUNTY SUPERINTENDENT OF SCHOOLS

HEAT ILLNESS PREVENTION PLAN FOR SUTTER COUNTY SUPERINTENDENT OF SCHOOLS HEAT ILLNESS PREVENTION PLAN FOR SUTTER COUNTY SUPERINTENDENT OF SCHOOLS TABLE OF CONTENTS 1.0 Purpose... 1 2.0 Heat Illness Prevention... 2 2.1 Heat Stroke... 2 2.2 Heat Exhaustion... 2 2.3 Heat Cramps...

More information

Workplace Health and Safety Queensland. Heat Stress. managing the risk

Workplace Health and Safety Queensland. Heat Stress. managing the risk Workplace Health and Safety Queensland Heat Stress managing the risk What is heat stress? Heat stress occurs when heat is absorbed from the environment faster than the body can get rid of it. The resulting

More information

Heat Stress Training

Heat Stress Training Heat Stress Training Agenda 1. What is Heat Stress - The Physiology - Heat Exhaustion (Symptoms and First Aid) - Heat Stroke (Symptoms and First Aid) - Other Conditions associated with Heat Stress 2. Who

More information

Heat Illness Prevention Program

Heat Illness Prevention Program I. Policy Heat Illness Prevention Program Responsible Executive: Vice President for Administration and Finance Responsible Office: Environmental Health and Instructional Safety Originally Issued: February

More information

Heat Illnesses. Common Heat Rash Sites

Heat Illnesses. Common Heat Rash Sites Heat Illnesses Introduction Heat illnesses happen when the body becomes too hot and cannot cool itself. There are several different types of heat-related illnesses. This includes heat cramps, heat exhaustion,

More information

Heat Illness Prevention Program

Heat Illness Prevention Program Heat Illness Prevention Program I. Policy Employees working in outdoor places of employment or in other areas at times when the environmental risk factors for heat illness are present, are at risk for

More information

DRI Heat Stress Fact Sheet

DRI Heat Stress Fact Sheet Introduction As a reminder to employees who work outside during hot weather, be mindful of the hazards this presents. High temperatures and humidity (generally not an issue in Nevada, but be mindful that

More information

Protecting Yourself from. Heat Stress

Protecting Yourself from. Heat Stress Fast Facts Heat stress, from exertion or hot environments, places workers at risk for illnesses such as heat stroke, heat exhaustion, or heat cramps. Heat Stroke A condition that occurs when the body becomes

More information

Be Safe! Manage Heat Stress. Be Safe! Manage Heat Stress.

Be Safe! Manage Heat Stress. Be Safe! Manage Heat Stress. Be Safe! Manage Heat Stress. Be Safe! Manage Heat Stress. Overview Workers who are exposed to extreme heat or work in hot environments may be at risk of heat stress. Exposure to extreme heat can result

More information

Heat Stress/Flag Condition Training

Heat Stress/Flag Condition Training Heat Stress/Flag Condition Training Heat stress Heat stress is the buildup of heat to the point where the body s thermostat has difficulty maintaining normal internal body temperature. When the body is

More information

Fact Sheet: Working in hot temperatures

Fact Sheet: Working in hot temperatures Fact Sheet: Working in hot temperatures Why is working in the heat bad for your health? Human beings need to maintain a constant body temperature if they are to stay healthy. Working in high temperatures

More information

Hot environments in HORECA

Hot environments in HORECA 27 1. Introduction Hot environments Workers in the hotel, restaurant and catering (HORECA) sector are at risk of heat stress when unloading supplies, working in kitchens and while serving. Particularly

More information

Play it Safe in the Heat Tips for Coaches and Parents

Play it Safe in the Heat Tips for Coaches and Parents Play it Safe in the Heat Tips for Coaches and Parents Heat is the number one weather related killer in the United States. Heat illness is the leading cause of preventable death in high school athletics

More information

too hot! Heat Related Illness

too hot! Heat Related Illness too hot! Heat Related Illness Participating in recreation and sport activities provides many benefits for children and can be a fun and enjoyable way to be physically active. However, when the temperature

More information

Date Issued: Page No.: Document No.: August 2002 1 SOP-Safety-01. 3.0 Working in Hot Environments

Date Issued: Page No.: Document No.: August 2002 1 SOP-Safety-01. 3.0 Working in Hot Environments August 2002 1 SOP-Safety-01 1. Introduction: The Environmental Health & Safety Standard Operating Procedure for working in hot environments was developed by the Department of Environmental Health & Safety

More information

2. When temperature and wind chill falls below 35 degrees including the wind chill, students, are kept indoors.

2. When temperature and wind chill falls below 35 degrees including the wind chill, students, are kept indoors. Weather /Environmental Guidelines Time spent outdoors is an important part of the school day. It is difficult to set guidelines that fit every circumstance and condition in regards to outside activities.

More information

U.S. CONCRETE, INC. SAFETY POLICY and PROCEDURE MANUAL

U.S. CONCRETE, INC. SAFETY POLICY and PROCEDURE MANUAL SAFE-25 Page 1 of 13 U.S. CONCRETE, INC. SAFETY POLICY and PROCEDURE MANUAL FUNCTION Safety TOPIC Heat Stress Prevention Plan OBJECTIVE(S): Heat stress hazards are among the most neglected health hazards

More information

SCRIPT NUMBER 123 HEATSTROKE - 2 (TWO SPEAKERS)

SCRIPT NUMBER 123 HEATSTROKE - 2 (TWO SPEAKERS) SCRIPT NUMBER 123 HEATSTROKE - 2 (TWO SPEAKERS) PROGRAM NAME: HEALTH NUGGETS PROGRAM TITLE: HEATSTROKE - 2 PROGRAM NUMBER: 123 SUBJECT: CAUSES, SYMPTOMS, COMPLICATIONS, TREATMENT OF HEAT-RELATED CONDITIONS

More information

Extreme Heat: A Prevention Guide to Promote Your Personal Health and Safety

Extreme Heat: A Prevention Guide to Promote Your Personal Health and Safety Extreme Heat: A Prevention Guide to Promote Your Personal Health and Safety Heat-related deaths and illness are preventable yet annually many people succumb to extreme heat. Historically, from 1979-2003,

More information

HEAT-RELATED ILLNESS AND STUDENT ATHLETES. Diana L. Malone, Ph.D. Training & Consultation Coordinator

HEAT-RELATED ILLNESS AND STUDENT ATHLETES. Diana L. Malone, Ph.D. Training & Consultation Coordinator HEAT-RELATED ILLNESS AND STUDENT ATHLETES Diana L. Malone, Ph.D. Training & Consultation Coordinator HEAT-RELATED ILLNESS Objectives: Factors that create HRI Stages of HRI Care Basic First Aid Protecting

More information

Do you know the benefits of adding smart hydration to your workout program? Hydration Tips from

Do you know the benefits of adding smart hydration to your workout program? Hydration Tips from Do you know the benefits of adding smart hydration to your workout program? Hydration Tips from Hydration. It Powers Health, Fitness, & Athletic Performance. Kudos to you. You're one of millions of people

More information

Heat-Related Disorders

Heat-Related Disorders Heat-Related Disorders Exposure to the combination of external heat stress and the inability to dissipate metabolically generated heat can lead to three heat-related disorders (see figure 2): Heat cramps

More information

Guide to Prevention of Heat Stress At Work

Guide to Prevention of Heat Stress At Work Guide to Prevention of Heat Stress At Work WCB Website: www.wcb.pe.ca Toll free in Atlantic Canada: 1-800-237-5049 Feb, 2008 1 Prevention of Heat Stress at Work On Prince Edward Island illness from excess

More information

Okolona Fire Department Standard Operating Procedure

Okolona Fire Department Standard Operating Procedure Page 1 of 6 October 1, 2011 New Operational Purpose: This policy will govern the type of training, the environment, gear to be used for training, and outside non-emergency activities for the Okolona Fire

More information

PAGE 1 OF 5 ISSUED: JULY 07, 2010 REVISED:

PAGE 1 OF 5 ISSUED: JULY 07, 2010 REVISED: HALIFAX FIRE DEPARTMENT R&R ARTICLE 21 HOT WEATHER OPERATIONS GUILDLINES PAGE 1 OF 5 ISSUED: JULY 07, 2010 REVISED: Purpose This policy provides a method of action to guide firefighting personnel in the

More information

To protect your health when temperatures are extremely high, remember to keep cool and use common sense. The following tips are important:

To protect your health when temperatures are extremely high, remember to keep cool and use common sense. The following tips are important: What Is Extreme Heat? Temperatures that hover 10 degrees or more above the average high temperature for the region and last for several weeks are defined as extreme heat. Humid or muggy conditions, which

More information

Heat Stress Prevention

Heat Stress Prevention Heat Stress Prevention Purpose The following information has been collected from the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH). The purpose of this program is to provide guidance for

More information

SCRIPT NUMBER 123 HEATSTROKE - 2 (ONE SPEAKER)

SCRIPT NUMBER 123 HEATSTROKE - 2 (ONE SPEAKER) SCRIPT NUMBER 123 HEATSTROKE - 2 (ONE SPEAKER) PROGRAM NAME: HEALTH NUGGETS PROGRAM TITLE: HEATSTROKE - 2 PROGRAM NUMBER: 123 SUBJECT: CAUSES, SYMPTOMS, COMPLICATIONS, TREATMENT OF HEAT-RELATED CONDITIONS

More information

EXTREME HEAT/HUMIDEX ADVISORY FACT SHEET

EXTREME HEAT/HUMIDEX ADVISORY FACT SHEET EXTREME HEAT/HUMIDEX ADVISORY FACT SHEET While it is important to enjoy the outdoors during Canadian summers, it is also essential to keep in mind that periods of extreme heat and humidex events may cause

More information

Brian M. Satula Administrator. Cell: (608) 219-4008. Wisconsin Heat Awareness Day June 11, 2015

Brian M. Satula Administrator. Cell: (608) 219-4008. Wisconsin Heat Awareness Day June 11, 2015 State Of Wisconsin Department of Military Affairs g h g h g h g h g h g h g h g h g h g h g h g h g h g h g h g h g h g h Division of Emergency Management Brian M. Satula Administrator For more information

More information

STRATEGIES TO DEAL WITH THE HEAT IN COMPETITION HORSES

STRATEGIES TO DEAL WITH THE HEAT IN COMPETITION HORSES STRATEGIES TO DEAL WITH THE HEAT IN COMPETITION HORSES The Normal Horse Heart Rate: 28-44 bpm Respiratory Rate: 8-16 bpm Dr Anushka Chaku BSc BVMS MANCVS Temperature: 37.0-38.5 C Membrane colour: pink,

More information

Heat-Related Health Impact and Public Health in Thailand: Gaps and Suggestions

Heat-Related Health Impact and Public Health in Thailand: Gaps and Suggestions Heat-Related Health Impact and Public Health in Thailand: Gaps and Suggestions Assoc. Prof. Dr. Phongtape Wiwatanadate LL.B., M.D., Ph.D. Department of Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine Chiang Mai

More information

For More Information: U.S. Department of Labor Occupational Safety and Health Administration 1-800-321-OSHA (6742) TTY 1-877-889-5627 www.osha.

For More Information: U.S. Department of Labor Occupational Safety and Health Administration 1-800-321-OSHA (6742) TTY 1-877-889-5627 www.osha. Acknowledgments: This Heat Illness Prevention Training Guide was adapted from materials developed by the Labor Occupational Health Program (LOHP), University of California, Berkeley. These materials are

More information

Heat Wave Preparedness Checklists for Vulnerable Populations Service Providers

Heat Wave Preparedness Checklists for Vulnerable Populations Service Providers Heat Wave Preparedness Checklists for Vulnerable Population Service Providers Page 1 of 5 Heat Wave Preparedness Checklists for Vulnerable Populations Service Providers Make Plans for Outreach During Heat

More information

1.0 Purpose, Applicability, and Scope

1.0 Purpose, Applicability, and Scope Policy Subject: Heat Stress Guidelines Effective Date: 8/1/2011 Area Affected: All students, faculty and staff who work in hot environments Contact Information: Policy Owner: Environmental Health and Safety

More information

Extreme Heat: A Prevention Guide to Promote Your Personal Health and Safety

Extreme Heat: A Prevention Guide to Promote Your Personal Health and Safety Extreme Heat: A Prevention Guide to Promote Your Personal Health and Safety Heat-related deaths and illness are preventable yet annually many people succumb to extreme heat. Historically, from 1979-2003,

More information

EXTREME HEAT OR COLD

EXTREME HEAT OR COLD Responsibility Never hesitate to call 911 Life Safety is most important! It is the responsibility of every individual to learn to recognize the warning signs of a medical emergency. Warning Signs and Symptoms

More information

heatwave A GUIDE TO LOOKING AFTER YOURSELF AND OTHERS DURING HOT WEATHER

heatwave A GUIDE TO LOOKING AFTER YOURSELF AND OTHERS DURING HOT WEATHER heatwave A GUIDE TO LOOKING AFTER YOURSELF AND OTHERS DURING HOT WEATHER heatwave Most of us enjoy sunny weather, but extreme heat can seriously damage your health. During a heatwave, when temperatures

More information

TakE Care in Hot & Cold Weather

TakE Care in Hot & Cold Weather www.coned.com TakE Care in Hot & Cold Weather Preventing Hyperthermia and Hypothermia When it s Too Hot! Beating the heat is as much a part of summer as baseball and hot dogs. City residents are particularly

More information

Make plans for outreach during heat emergencies, prioritizing those at highest risk. Document these plans and communicate them to staff.

Make plans for outreach during heat emergencies, prioritizing those at highest risk. Document these plans and communicate them to staff. New York State, Office of Mental Health NEW YORK CITY DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND MENTAL HYGIENE Thomas R. Farley, MD, MPH Michael F. Hogan, Ph.D. June, 2012 Dear Executive Director, During hot weather, people

More information

HEAT STRESS IN AVIATION

HEAT STRESS IN AVIATION HEAT STRESS IN AVIATION Dr Graham Bates INTRODUCTION It is generally agreed that man s adaptations to the heat are well developed, conversely when naked in the cold his physiological adjustment very poor.

More information

MSU EMPLOYEE GUIDELINES FOR WORKING IN HOT ENVIRONMENTS

MSU EMPLOYEE GUIDELINES FOR WORKING IN HOT ENVIRONMENTS MSU EMPLOYEE GUIDELINES FOR WORKING IN HOT ENVIRONMENTS The Office of Radiation, Chemical and Biological Safety May, 1999 I. BACKGROUND: There is currently no specific Occupational Safety and Health Administration

More information

Heat Production and Loss. Environmental Emergencies. Heat Regulation. Body Temperature Ranges. Focused Assessment: Your Patient: Heat Production

Heat Production and Loss. Environmental Emergencies. Heat Regulation. Body Temperature Ranges. Focused Assessment: Your Patient: Heat Production Heat Production and Loss Environmental Emergencies Messing with Mother Nature Heat Production Basal Metabolism processes in the body that generate heat through nominal functions Activity, fever, metabolic

More information

Heat Stress: Defining, Evaluating and Preventing. Glenn E. Lamson CIH OSHA Health Response Team 2012 OSHA Oil & Gas Safety Conference

Heat Stress: Defining, Evaluating and Preventing. Glenn E. Lamson CIH OSHA Health Response Team 2012 OSHA Oil & Gas Safety Conference Heat Stress: Defining, Evaluating and Preventing Glenn E. Lamson CIH OSHA Health Response Team 2012 OSHA Oil & Gas Safety Conference Defining Heat Stress The net heat load that a worker is exposed to from

More information

advanced military training in hot weather such as ABN / Ranger School or ROTC camp.

advanced military training in hot weather such as ABN / Ranger School or ROTC camp. Individual Guidance for Heat Acclimatization This heat acclimatization guidance is for those soldiers who will be attending strenuous advanced military training in hot weather such as ABN / Ranger School

More information

What Is Extreme Heat?

What Is Extreme Heat? EXTREME HEAT A Guide to Prevention Heat-related deaths and illness are preventable yet annually many people succumb to extreme heat. Historically, from 1979 to 1999, excessive heat exposure caused 8,015

More information

DEPARTMENTOFTHE NAVY

DEPARTMENTOFTHE NAVY DEPARTMENTOFTHE NAVY NAVAL ACADEMY PREPARATORY SCHOOL 440 MEYERKORD AVENUE NEWPORT, RI 02841-1519 NAVAL ACADEMY PREPARATORY SCHOOL INSTRUCTION 6110.lA NAPSINST 6110.lA Nl From: Subj: Commanding Officer,

More information

Water It s Crucial Role in Health. By: James L. Holly, MD

Water It s Crucial Role in Health. By: James L. Holly, MD Water It s Crucial Role in Health By: James L. Holly, MD After a two week hiatus, we return to our series entitled, Aging Well. It is often the case that in health we become so infatuated with the exotic,

More information

Failure and shutdown of the body s thermoregulatory system Heat is generated by muscle exercise which is unable to be dissipated into the environment

Failure and shutdown of the body s thermoregulatory system Heat is generated by muscle exercise which is unable to be dissipated into the environment ASEP Successful Coaching Webinar Series Combating Heat- related Illnesses Presenter: John Storsved, HSD, ATC August 11, 2010 Combating Heat Related Illness Wednesday August 11, 2010 John Storsved HSD,

More information

Altitude. Thermoregulation & Extreme Environments. The Stress of Altitude. Reduced PO 2. O 2 Transport Cascade. Oxygen loading at altitude:

Altitude. Thermoregulation & Extreme Environments. The Stress of Altitude. Reduced PO 2. O 2 Transport Cascade. Oxygen loading at altitude: Altitude Thermoregulation & Extreme Environments Reduced PO 2 The Stress of Altitude O 2 Transport Cascade Progressive change in environments oxygen pressure & various body areas Oxygen loading at altitude:

More information

Policy # 7-A Effective Date: 6/1/2012 Pages: 8. San Diego County Operational Area. Rehabilitation

Policy # 7-A Effective Date: 6/1/2012 Pages: 8. San Diego County Operational Area. Rehabilitation San Diego County Operational Area Rehabilitation Policy # 7-A Effective Date: 6/1/2012 Pages: 8 Purpose: This guideline provides the San Diego County Operational Area procedures for fire personnel rehabilitation

More information

FIRST PRESENTATION Heat; Humidity; Performance. May 1 st and 2 nd Furman University

FIRST PRESENTATION Heat; Humidity; Performance. May 1 st and 2 nd Furman University FIRST PRESENTATION Heat; Humidity; Performance May 1 st and 2 nd Furman University Brain s Main Concerns ph: Blood s Acidity Level Osmolarity: Concentration of Particles in Blood Blood Glucose: Brain s

More information

Accident/Injury Reporting, Investigation, & Basic First Aid Plan

Accident/Injury Reporting, Investigation, & Basic First Aid Plan Accident/Injury Reporting, Investigation, & Basic First Aid Plan Environmental Health, Safety, and Risk Management Department Box 6113, SFA Station Nacogdoches, Texas 75962-6113 Revised: January 2011 Purpose

More information

Fainting - Syncope. This reference summary explains fainting. It discusses the causes and treatment options for the condition.

Fainting - Syncope. This reference summary explains fainting. It discusses the causes and treatment options for the condition. Fainting - Syncope Introduction Fainting, also known as syncope, is a temporary loss of consciousness. It is caused by a drop in blood flow to the brain. You may feel dizzy, lightheaded or nauseous before

More information

Firefighter Rehabilitation. by Sandra Stoeckel RN,CEN,AEMT-P, Firefighter

Firefighter Rehabilitation. by Sandra Stoeckel RN,CEN,AEMT-P, Firefighter Firefighter Rehabilitation by Sandra Stoeckel RN,CEN,AEMT-P, Firefighter Goals We will discuss the need for firefighter rehab A review of the necessary components to a rehab area A discussion of the steps

More information

State Of Wisconsin Department of Military Affairs

State Of Wisconsin Department of Military Affairs State Of Wisconsin Department of Military Affairs Division of Emergency Management Brian M. Satula Administrator Scott Walker Governor For more information contact: Tod Pritchard Lori Getter Office (608)

More information

Daily Habits and Urinary Incontinence

Daily Habits and Urinary Incontinence Effects of Daily Habits on the Bladder Many aspects of our daily life influence bladder and bowel function. Sometimes our daily habits may not be in the best interest of the bladder. A number of surprisingly

More information

Heat Overheating exhaustion and heatstroke

Heat Overheating exhaustion and heatstroke Heat Overheating exhaustion and heatstroke Heat exhaustion and heatstroke Heat exhaustion is not an illness in itself, but a symptom of something is wrong. Staying in a warm climate there is a great risk

More information

Cardiac Rehabilitation. Exercise and Education Program

Cardiac Rehabilitation. Exercise and Education Program Cardiac Rehabilitation Exercise and Education Program Cardiac Rehabilitation Dear Patient: Cardiac rehabilitation is an important part of your recovery. Our progressive cardiac rehabilitation program

More information

Ottawa Fire Services General Order Part 1

Ottawa Fire Services General Order Part 1 Ottawa Fire Services General Order Part 1 Classification # GO 1 SA 04.1-2003 Safety- Occupational Health and Safety Firefighter Heat Stress Management Guideline- Revised Subject Authority Date Issued:

More information

Wish you a safe summer! B. Pharm., M.Sc. - Clinical Research & Regulatory Affairs

Wish you a safe summer! B. Pharm., M.Sc. - Clinical Research & Regulatory Affairs Wish you a safe summer! B. Pharm., M.Sc. - Clinical Research & Regulatory Affairs Physiology of Sweating & Heat Stress Mechanism of Rehydration Heat Illness & First Aid Best Practices Management - Engineering

More information

Chapter 12. Temperature Regulation. Temperature Regulation. Heat Balance. An Overview of Heat Balance. Temperature Regulation. Temperature Regulation

Chapter 12. Temperature Regulation. Temperature Regulation. Heat Balance. An Overview of Heat Balance. Temperature Regulation. Temperature Regulation Chapter 12 Body core temperature regulation Critical for: Cellular structures Metabolic pathways Too high Protein structure of cells destroyed Too low Slowed metabolism Cardiac arrhythmias Homeothermic

More information

Snohomish County Fire Chiefs Association

Snohomish County Fire Chiefs Association Snohomish County Fire Chiefs Association DOCUMENT 60-06-09 ON SCENE REHABILITATION GUIDELINE Adopted December 2009 County Chiefs Meeting INTENT To provide standard operating guidelines to implement and

More information

Keeping Our State Active

Keeping Our State Active Policy number S 002/14 Version 1 Drafted by Dean Russell Approved by Board on 10/07/14 Responsible person Sport Manager Tournament Manager Scheduled review date 01/06/15 INTRODUCTION HOT WEATHER POLICY

More information

PHYSIOLOGICAL FACTORS THAT PUT YOUNG ATHLETES AT RISK FACTORS THAT PUT YOUNG SOCCER PLAYERS AT RISK HEAT ILLNESS PREVENTION TECHNIQUES

PHYSIOLOGICAL FACTORS THAT PUT YOUNG ATHLETES AT RISK FACTORS THAT PUT YOUNG SOCCER PLAYERS AT RISK HEAT ILLNESS PREVENTION TECHNIQUES US Soccer's Youth Soccer Heat Stress Guidelines The popularity of soccer among American youth is at an all-time high. Nearly 14 million young athletes (13,832,000) under the age of 18 play soccer at elite

More information

MEDICAL GUIDANCE Competition in Hot and Humid Environments

MEDICAL GUIDANCE Competition in Hot and Humid Environments MEDICAL GUIDANCE Competition in Hot and Humid Environments CONTENTS 1 Introduction... 2 2 Physiological considerations... 2 3 Physical Performance... 4 4 Medical considerations... 5 5 Preventing Heat Illness:

More information

TAKE HEAT STRESS SERIOUSLY

TAKE HEAT STRESS SERIOUSLY TAKE HEAT STRESS SERIOUSLY What Is Heat Illness? Safety Talk A hot work environment or summer weather can bring heat illness - in three stages... Seven Heat Stress Statistics One factor that can bring

More information

Racing New South Wales RACING IN HOT WEATHER POLICY

Racing New South Wales RACING IN HOT WEATHER POLICY Racing New South Wales RACING IN HOT WEATHER POLICY Approved and Endorsed by Racing NSW Board 23 February 2009 1 RACING NSW RACING IN HOT WEATHER OFFICIAL POLICY HORSES AND RIDERS This policy is in place

More information

GHSA Heat Guidelines. Jeff Hopp, ATC, LAT Head Athletic Trainer, Marietta High School May 30, 2013

GHSA Heat Guidelines. Jeff Hopp, ATC, LAT Head Athletic Trainer, Marietta High School May 30, 2013 GHSA Heat Guidelines Jeff Hopp, ATC, LAT Head Athletic Trainer, Marietta High School May 30, 2013 Exertional Heat Illnesses Heat Cramps muscle cramping, fatigued, sweating Heat Syncope pale, lightheaded,

More information

EVERYONE'S RESPONSIBILITY

EVERYONE'S RESPONSIBILITY EVERYONE'S RESPONSIBILITY Guideline for Thermal Stress September 2007 Guideline for Thermal Stress Workplace Safety & Health Division 200 401 York Avenue Winnipeg, Manitoba R3C 0P8 September, 2007 TABLE

More information

Cardiac Rehabilitation

Cardiac Rehabilitation Cardiac Rehabilitation Exercise and Education Program Always thinking. Always caring. Cardiac Rehabilitation Dear Patient: Cardiac rehabilitation is an important part of your recovery. Our progressive

More information

HEAT AND COLD STRESS

HEAT AND COLD STRESS HEAT STRESS HAZARD: APPENDIX D2 HEAT AND COLD STRESS Fire fighters may suffer serious injury or death due to heat stress. Heat generated within the body by work activity may not be adequately dissipated

More information

Acclimatization: Physiological changes which occur in response to several days of heat exposure and make the body accustomed to a hot environment.

Acclimatization: Physiological changes which occur in response to several days of heat exposure and make the body accustomed to a hot environment. Working in Hot Weather or Hot Workplace Environments Subject: Procedures and Guidelines for Working in Hot Environments Applies to: All employees Number: 2010-06 Pages: 7 Effective Date: November 2010

More information

Sun safety and heat stress

Sun safety and heat stress Sun safety and heat stress In order to understand the safety requirements for sun safety and heat stress, and your obligations for safety you must consider and understand relevant legislation and codes

More information

FOLFOX Chemotherapy. This handout provides information about FOLFOX chemotherapy. It is sometimes called as FLOX chemotherapy.

FOLFOX Chemotherapy. This handout provides information about FOLFOX chemotherapy. It is sometimes called as FLOX chemotherapy. FOLFOX Chemotherapy This handout provides information about FOLFOX chemotherapy. It is sometimes called as FLOX chemotherapy. What is chemotherapy? Chemotherapy is a method of treating cancer by using

More information

Alcohol information. A standard drink contains about 10g of alcohol takes a healthy liver about 1 hour to remove alcohol from the body.

Alcohol information. A standard drink contains about 10g of alcohol takes a healthy liver about 1 hour to remove alcohol from the body. Alcohol information Facts about alcohol use Alcohol (grog) is the most widely used recreational drug in Australia NT drinks 70% more and WA 25% more than the rest of Australia Alcohol related deaths for

More information

How to Take Care of a Sick Person

How to Take Care of a Sick Person 39 How to Take Care of a Sick Person Sickness weakens the body. To gain strength and get well quickly, special care is needed. Medicines are often not necessary. But good care is always important. The

More information

STANDARD OPERATING GUIDELINE

STANDARD OPERATING GUIDELINE STANDARD OPERATING GUIDELINE OPERATIONS REHAB EFFECTIVE: 11/26/2012 REVISED: S.O.G #: 320 PAGE: 1 of 6 1.0 Objective 1.1 To ensure the physical and mental conditions of personnel operating do not deteriorate

More information

Isotonic, Hypertonic, Hypotonic or Water Which sports drink is the best for athletes? Fluid Facts for Winners

Isotonic, Hypertonic, Hypotonic or Water Which sports drink is the best for athletes? Fluid Facts for Winners Isotonic, Hypertonic, Hypotonic or Water Which sports drink is the best for athletes? Fluid Facts for Winners Why is fluid intake so important for runners? Fluid is a vital part of any athlete s diet for

More information

ALCOHOL. 1300 136 588 ndss.com.au AND TYPE 1 DIABETES

ALCOHOL. 1300 136 588 ndss.com.au AND TYPE 1 DIABETES ALCOHOL AND TYPE 1 DIABETES 1300 136 588 ndss.com.au The National Diabetes Services Scheme (NDSS) is an initiative of the Australian Government administered by Diabetes Australia. Contents Topic Page Introduction

More information

Click to edit Master text styles Second level Third level Fourth level Fifth level

Click to edit Master text styles Second level Third level Fourth level Fifth level Click to edit Talking about Master alcohol title quiz style How much do you know? www.talkaboutalcohol.com 1 Question 1: Why does alcohol affect men and women differently? a) The liver breaks down alcohol

More information

Shift Commander: The senior ranking uniformed line officer at the DOC facility, most commonly a Sergeant, Lieutenant or Captain.

Shift Commander: The senior ranking uniformed line officer at the DOC facility, most commonly a Sergeant, Lieutenant or Captain. I Index: Date Signed: 04/18/2015 Replaces : N/A Supersedes Dated: 05/21/2014 Affected Units: Adult Institutions Effective Date: 04/20/2015 Scheduled Revision Date: March 2016 Revision Number: 12 Office

More information

Blood Alcohol Concentration: modeling with mathematics. NCCTM Greensboro October 7, 2004 Hutch Sprunt Appalachian State University

Blood Alcohol Concentration: modeling with mathematics. NCCTM Greensboro October 7, 2004 Hutch Sprunt Appalachian State University Blood Alcohol Concentration: modeling with mathematics NCCTM Greensboro October 7, 2004 Hutch Sprunt Appalachian State University blood alcohol concentrations and math models why this topic? what is blood

More information

LOS ANGELES UNIFIED SCHOOL DISTRICT Policy BuLletin

LOS ANGELES UNIFIED SCHOOL DISTRICT Policy BuLletin TITLE: NUMBER: ISSUER: Guidelines for Preventing Heat Stress Michelle King, Senior Deputy Superintendent School Operations, Office of the Superintendent Dr. Debra Duardo, Executive Director Student Health

More information

PRINCE GEORGE S COUNTY, MARYLAND FIRE/EMERGENCY MEDICAL SERVICES DEPARTMENT GENERAL ORDER

PRINCE GEORGE S COUNTY, MARYLAND FIRE/EMERGENCY MEDICAL SERVICES DEPARTMENT GENERAL ORDER General Order Number: 05-16 Effective Date: January 2010 Division: Emergency Medical Chapter: Emergency Incident Rehabilitation By Order of the Fire Chief: Marc S. Bashoor Revision Date: N/A POLICY This

More information

American College of Sports Medicine Position Stand: Exercise and Fluid Replacement Summary

American College of Sports Medicine Position Stand: Exercise and Fluid Replacement Summary American College of Sports Medicine Position Stand: Exercise and Fluid Replacement Summary American College of Sports Medicine. Position Stand on Exercise and Fluid Replacement. Med. Sci. Sports Exerc.,

More information

Quality Measures for Long-stay Residents Percent of residents whose need for help with daily activities has increased.

Quality Measures for Long-stay Residents Percent of residents whose need for help with daily activities has increased. Quality Measures for Long-stay Residents Percent of residents whose need for help with daily activities has increased. This graph shows the percent of residents whose need for help doing basic daily tasks

More information

HOW TO CARE FOR A PATIENT WITH DIABETES

HOW TO CARE FOR A PATIENT WITH DIABETES HOW TO CARE FOR A PATIENT WITH DIABETES INTRODUCTION Diabetes is one of the most common diseases in the United States, and diabetes is a disease that affects the way the body handles blood sugar. Approximately

More information

Hot Weather Guidelines

Hot Weather Guidelines Hot Weather Guidelines Updated: July 0 Review date: July 011 SOFTBALL AUSTRALIA LIMITED ACN 09 11 31 Level 1 I Suite I 73 Wellington Street I Collingwood VIC 30 I Australia t: +1 3 917 00 I f: +1 3 917

More information

Dehydration and Fluid Therapy Guide

Dehydration and Fluid Therapy Guide Dehydration and Fluid Therapy Guide Background: Dehydration occurs when the loss of body fluids (mainly water) exceeds the amount taken in. Fluid loss can be caused by numerous factors such as: fever,

More information

DIABETES MELLITUS. By Tracey Steenkamp Biokineticist at the Institute for Sport Research, University of Pretoria

DIABETES MELLITUS. By Tracey Steenkamp Biokineticist at the Institute for Sport Research, University of Pretoria DIABETES MELLITUS By Tracey Steenkamp Biokineticist at the Institute for Sport Research, University of Pretoria What is Diabetes Diabetes Mellitus (commonly referred to as diabetes ) is a chronic medical

More information

Oregon Youth Soccer Association Weather Related Safety Precautions

Oregon Youth Soccer Association Weather Related Safety Precautions Oregon Youth Soccer Association Weather Related Safety Precautions Safety during all soccer activities is the primary concern for any individual participating in Oregon Youth Soccer or the activities of

More information

BOWEL & BLADDER CARE

BOWEL & BLADDER CARE BOWEL & BLADDER CARE Bladder Function Bladder problems are a common and distressing symptom in Multiple Sclerosis. Below are some suggestions that may help you with your bladder function: Drink plenty

More information

MEDICATION GUIDE. PROCRIT (PRO KRIT) (epoetin alfa)

MEDICATION GUIDE. PROCRIT (PRO KRIT) (epoetin alfa) MEDICATION GUIDE PROCRIT (PROKRIT) (epoetin alfa) Read this Medication Guide: before you start PROCRIT. if you are told by your healthcare provider that there is new information about PROCRIT. if you are

More information

Week 30. Water Balance and Minerals

Week 30. Water Balance and Minerals Week 30 Water Balance and Minerals Water: more vital to life than food involved in almost every body function is not stored--excreted daily largest single constituent of the human body, averaging 60% of

More information

SAMPLE. Summer Savvy. or email booklets@healthworks.com.au. To order, call 1300 90 10 90. How to stay healthy, safe and productive all summer long

SAMPLE. Summer Savvy. or email booklets@healthworks.com.au. To order, call 1300 90 10 90. How to stay healthy, safe and productive all summer long Summer Savvy How to stay healthy, safe and productive all summer long 2 Are you summer safe & savvy? Summer is the perfect time to focus on your health and wellbeing lots of fresh air, fresh food and down

More information

Sports Specific Safety. Golf. Sports Medicine & Athletic Related Trauma SMART Institute 2010 USF

Sports Specific Safety. Golf. Sports Medicine & Athletic Related Trauma SMART Institute 2010 USF Sports Specific Safety Golf Sports Medicine & Athletic Related Trauma SMART Institute Objectives of Presentation 1. Identify the prevalence of injuries to Golf 2. Discuss commonly seen injuries in Golf

More information

PERSONAL TRAINING FITNESS ASSESSMENT

PERSONAL TRAINING FITNESS ASSESSMENT PERSONAL TRAINING FITNESS ASSESSMENT A fitness assessment is a great way to evaluate your current fitness level. It includes a series of measurements that help determine physical fitness and are a great

More information