Have a shower, rather than a bath to avoid exposing your genitals to the chemicals in your cleaning products for too long. Always empty your bladder

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Have a shower, rather than a bath to avoid exposing your genitals to the chemicals in your cleaning products for too long. Always empty your bladder"

Transcription

1 Cystitis, Avenue Medical Practice Neat Guideline Introduction Cystitis means 'inflammation of the bladder'. It causes: an urgent and frequent need to urinate, and Pain, or stinging, when passing urine. Cystitis is usually the result of an infection in the bladder, but it can also be caused by irritation or damage. Cystitis caused by a bladder infection is sometimes called 'bacterial cystitis'. Untreated bladder infections can cause kidney infections. Cystitis in females Cystitis is more common in women because women have a short urethra (the tube that passes from the bladder out of the body), and its opening is located very close to the anus. This makes it easy for bacteria from the anus to reach the bladder and cause an infection. Almost all women will have cystitis at least once in their lifetime. Around one in five women who have had cystitis will get it again (recurrent cystitis). Cystitis can occur at any age, but it is more common in: pregnant women, sexually active women, and Post-menopausal women (after the menopause). Cystitis in males Cystitis is less common in men, but potentially more serious. This is because it could be caused by: an underlying bladder, or prostate, infection, such as prostatitis, or an obstruction in the urinary tract, such as a tumour, or an enlarged prostate (the gland located between the penis and the bladder). Male cystitis is not usually serious if treated quickly, but it can be very painful. Sexually active gay men are more likely to get cystitis than other males. Outlook Mild cystitis usually clears up within 4-9 days. It can be treated at home by drinking plenty of water (around 1.2 litres, or 6-8 glasses, every day) and taking painkillers, such as paracetemol and ibuprofen. More severe cystitis can also cause abdominal pain, or a fever, and may need treatment with antibiotics. Children and men should always see their GP if they have cystitis. Women should always see their GP the first time they have the condition. They should also return to see their GP if they have the condition more than three times in one year. Symptoms Symptoms of cystitis, in both men and women, include: pain, burning, or stinging sensations when passing urine, needing to urinate frequently and urgently, but only passing small amounts of urine, urine that is dark, cloudy, or strong smelling, urine that contains traces of blood (haematuria), pain directly above the pubic bone, or in the lower back, or abdomen, and Feeling unwell, weak, or feverish. Cystitis can also affect children. Their symptoms may include: weakness, irritability, reduced appetite, vomiting, and Pain when passing urine. 1

2 The symptoms described above could be caused by conditions other than cystitis. This it is why it is important to see your GP the first time you experience symptoms such as these. The symptoms could be confused with: sexually transmitted infections (STIs) - such as gonorrhoea, or chlamydia, being infected with a bacterium, such as E-coli, vaginal thrush, also known as candida (a yeast infection), inflammation of the urethra (urethritis), urethral syndrome (women only), or inflammation of the prostate gland, also known as prostatitis (men only). Causes The most common cause of cystitis is a bacterial infection. If bacteria reach the bladder, they can multiply and irritate the bladder lining, causing the symptoms of cystitis. A bacterial infection can be caused by not emptying the bladder fully. You may not be able to empty your bladder fully if: you are pregnant - as there is pressure on the pelvic area, or you have a blockage somewhere in your urinary system. This could be caused by a tumour or, in men, an enlarged prostate (a gland located between the penis and the bladder). Cystitis in females In women, the opening of the urethra (the tube that passes from the bladder out of the body) is very close to the opening of the anus. There are often bacteria around the anus, which can be transferred to the urethra. From there, the bacteria can enter the bladder and cause irritation. In women, cystitis is often caused by transferring bacteria in this way. This can happen when you are: inserting a tampon, having sex, wiping back to front when you go to the toilet (instead of front to back), or using a diaphragm (a soft dome made of latex or silicone) for contraception. In menopausal women, the lining of the urethra and the bladder become thinned due to a lack of the hormone oestrogen. The thin lining is more likely to become infected and damaged. Women also produce less mucus around the vagina after the menopause. Without the mucus, bacteria are more likely to multiply. Other causes Cystitis can also be caused by damage, or irritation, in the area around the urethra in both men and women. This could be the result of: damage caused when changing a catheter (a tube inserted into the urethra to allow urine to flow into a drainage bag, which is often used after surgery), damage, or bruising, caused by vigorous, or frequent sex, sometimes called honeymoon cystitis, wearing tight clothing, chemical irritants - for example, in perfumed soap or talcum powder, other bladder, or kidney, problems, such as a kidney infection, or prostatitis, or diabetes (a long term condition caused by too much glucose in the blood). Diagnosis If you have had cystitis before, you may be able to recognise the symptoms and diagnose the condition yourself. However, men and children with cystitis should always see their GP. You should also see your GP if: this is the first time you have had cystitis, there is blood in your urine (haematuria), you have a high temperature (fever) of 38C (100.4F), 2

3 you are in a lot of pain, or you have had cystitis three times in one year. Your GP should be able to diagnose cystitis from asking about your symptoms. In some cases, they may also use a dipstick to test your urine. This is when a chemically treated strip of paper is dipped into a sample of your urine. The paper will react to the presence of certain bacteria and reveal which kind of infection you have. Urine culture In some cases, your GP may wish to send a sample of your urine to a laboratory for further testing. This sample is called a urine culture. This may be necessary if: you have recurrent cystitis (more than three times in one year), it is possible that you may have a kidney infection - cystitis can be a symptom of this, you are on immunosuppressant medication (medication that suppress your immune system) - these affect your body's defences so you may be more prone to infections, you have diabetes (a long term condition caused by too much glucose in the blood) - cystitis can be a complication of diabetes, you may have a sexually transmitted infection (STI) - such as gonorrhoea, chlamydia, or it is possible that you may have another infection - such as thrush (candida). The urine culture will confirm which bacteria are causing your cystitis. Alternatively, it may reveal that your cystitis is caused by another condition. Your GP will be able to advise you about the most appropriate treatment for you. Further tests If you have recurrent cystitis that does not respond to antibiotics, even after a urine culture has been tested, you may be referred to a specialist. You may need to have some other tests such as: an ultrasound scan, an X-ray, or a cystoscopy. A cystoscopy is when a fibre-optic camera, called a cystoscope, is used to examine your bladder. The cystoscope is a thin, fibre-optic tube that has a light source and a camera at one end. It is inserted into your urethra (the tube that passes from your bladder out of your body) so that images of the inside of your bladder can be transmitted to a screen. Any further tests that you require will be explained to you by the healthcare professional treating you. Treatment Children and men should always see their GP if they have cystitis. Women should always see their GP the first time they have the condition. They should also return to see their GP if they have the condition more than three times in one year. The symptoms of cystitis usually clear up without treatment within 4-9 days. There are some self-help treatments that can ease the discomfort of any symptoms, or your GP may prescribe antibiotics. Self-help treatments If this is the first time that you have had cystitis, you should go to see your GP. If you are sure that you have mild cystitis, and do not need to see your GP, then there are some treatments you can try yourself. Over-the-counter (OTC) painkillers, such as paracetamol, or ibuprofen, can be taken to reduce discomfort. Always read the label and check with your pharmacist first, particularly if you have any other medical condition, you are taking other medicines, or you are pregnant or breastfeeding. 3

4 Drinking plenty of water is often recommended as a treatment for cystitis. There is no evidence that this is helpful, although drinking around 1.2 litres (6-8 glasses) of water a day is generally good for your health. You should also avoid alcohol. Do not have sex until your cystitis has cleared up because it can make it worse. The following treatments are no longer recommended because there is not enough evidence to suggest that these are effective at treating the symptoms of cystitis: urine alkanising agents - such as sodium bicarbonate, or potassium citrate, or Drinking cranberry juice - although it may help prevent outbreaks of recurrent cystitis. There are some more useful tips for avoiding cystitis in the prevention section. Antibiotics If your symptoms are moderate, or severe, your GP may prescribe a short course of antibiotics. This will usually be in the form of a tablet to be swallowed 2-4 times a day, for three days. For a more complicated case of cystitis, such as cystitis with another underlying infection, you may be given antibiotics to take for 5-10 days. Research suggests that antibiotics can shorten the duration of the cystitis by 1-2 days. If your cystitis symptoms are only mild, your GP may prefer not to prescribe antibiotics to avoid 'antibiotic resistance'. This is when the bacteria that cause cystitis adapt and learn to survive despite the use of antibiotics. Over time, this means that treatment becomes less effective. Recurring cystitis If you have recurring episodes of cystitis, you may be prescribed stand-by antibiotics, or continuous antibiotics. A stand-by antibiotic is a prescription for you to take the next time you have cystitis, without needing to visit your GP again. Continuous antibiotics are antibiotics that you take for several months to prevent further episodes of cystitis occurring. These may be prescribed for two reasons: if your cystitis usually occurs after having sex, you may be given a prescription for antibiotics to take within two hours of having sex, or If your cystitis is not related to having sex, you may be given a low-dose antibiotic to take for a trial period of six months. If you are prescribed antibiotics, your symptoms should start to improve after the first day of treatment. If your symptoms do not improve after your course of antibiotics, you should go back to see your GP, or call NHS Direct on Complications While most cases of cystitis clear up either on their own, or with antibiotics, some people may experience almost constant symptoms, or recurring episodes. If no cause can be found, and the cystitis does not respond to antibiotics, you may have interstitial cystitis. Some GPs may also use the term 'painful bladder syndrome' (PBS) to describe a condition that causes pain, but does not quite meet the criteria to be diagnosed as interstitial cystitis. Prevention It is not always possible to prevent cystitis, but there are some steps that you can take to avoid the condition. Do not use perfumed bubble bath, soap, or talcum powder around your genitals. 4

5 Have a shower, rather than a bath to avoid exposing your genitals to the chemicals in your cleaning products for too long. Always empty your bladder fully when you go to the toilet. Do not wait to go if you need to urinate - holding on can place extra stress on your bladder and could make it more susceptible to infections. Wear cotton underwear and avoid wearing tight jeans and trousers. Always wipe from front to back, not back to front, when you go to the toilet. Some people find certain types of food and drink makes their cystitis worse - for example, coffee, fruit juice, or spicy foods. If there is anything that triggers your cystitis, you may wish to avoid it. Cystitis and sex Below are some prevention tips that you may find useful if your cystitis is triggered by having sex: make sure that you wash your genital area and your hands before and after sex, use a lubricant when having sex to avoid damaging your genital area, if you use a diaphragm for contraception, you may wish to change to another method of contraception, and After having sex, make sure that you empty your bladder as soon as possible to get rid of any germs. There is currently no evidence that oestrogen products, used to treat women after the menopause, are effective at preventing cystitis. 5

THE KIDNEY. Bulb of penis Abdominal aorta Scrotum Adrenal gland Inferior vena cava Urethra Corona glandis. Kidney. Glans penis Testicular vein

THE KIDNEY. Bulb of penis Abdominal aorta Scrotum Adrenal gland Inferior vena cava Urethra Corona glandis. Kidney. Glans penis Testicular vein 29 THE KIDNEY 9. Recurrent urinary tract infections Recurrent urinary tract infections The urinary tract consists of the urethra, the bladder, the ureters, the kidneys and in men the prostate gland. An

More information

Urinary Tract Infections

Urinary Tract Infections 1 Infections in the urinary tract are relatively common. These infections are often referred to as bladder infections. They are also known as UTI s or urinary tract infections. When an infection is confined

More information

Palm Beach Obstetrics & Gynecology, PA

Palm Beach Obstetrics & Gynecology, PA Palm Beach Obstetrics & Gynecology, PA 4671 S. Congress Avenue, Lake Worth, FL 33461 561.434.0111 4631 N. Congress Avenue, Suite 102, West Palm Beach, FL 33407 Urinary Tract Infection About one of every

More information

Understanding and Preventing Bladder Infections in Women

Understanding and Preventing Bladder Infections in Women Understanding and Preventing Bladder Infections in Women Understanding and Preventing Bladder Infections in Women Recurrent bladder or urinary tract infections (UTI s) are a very common diagnosis. In fact,

More information

Childhood Urinary Tract Infections

Childhood Urinary Tract Infections Childhood Urinary Tract Infections What is a UTI? Urinary tract infection (UTI) is one of the most common infections in childhood. It can cause distress to the child, concerns to the parents, and may

More information

Urine infections. Children s Ward Patient Information Leaflet

Urine infections. Children s Ward Patient Information Leaflet Urine infections Children s Ward Patient Information Leaflet Introduction This leaflet is for people who have a urine infection. It tells you about: What urine infections are Symptoms Treatment How you

More information

Patient Information:

Patient Information: Patient Information: Care of an indwelling Urinary Catheter What is a Urinary Catheter? A catheter is a hollow, flexible tube designed to drain urine from the bladder. Following insertion into the bladder,

More information

Urinary Tract Infections

Urinary Tract Infections Urinary Tract Infections www.kidney.org Did you know that... n Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are responsible for nearly 10 million doctor visits each year. n One in five women will have at least one

More information

Indwelling urinary catheter. Information for patients and carers. RDaSH. Doncaster Community Integrated Services

Indwelling urinary catheter. Information for patients and carers. RDaSH. Doncaster Community Integrated Services Indwelling urinary catheter Information for patients and carers RDaSH Doncaster Community Integrated Services What is a catheter? A catheter is a hollow flexible tube designed to drain urine from the bladder.

More information

Spinal Cord and Bladder Management Male: Intermittent Catheter

Spinal Cord and Bladder Management Male: Intermittent Catheter Spinal Cord and Bladder Management Male: Intermittent Catheter The 5 parts of the urinary system work together to get rid of waste and make urine. Urine is made in your kidneys and travels down 2 thin

More information

Thrush and Bacterial vaginosis. Looking after your sexual health

Thrush and Bacterial vaginosis. Looking after your sexual health Thrush and Bacterial vaginosis Looking after your sexual health 2 Thrush and Bacterial vaginosis Thrush is an infection that is caused by a yeast fungus. It is not a sexually transmitted infection but

More information

URINARY TRACT INFECTIONS IN YOUNG WOMEN

URINARY TRACT INFECTIONS IN YOUNG WOMEN URINARY TRACT INFECTIONS IN YOUNG WOMEN Reviewed by Finnish Centre for Health Promotion Publisher: Ylioppilaiden terveydenhoitosäätiö Töölönkatu 37 A 00260 Helsinki Orders: julkaisutilaukset@yths.fi Author:

More information

Riesa Gusewelle, MNSc, RN, APRN, GNP-BC. OBJECTIVES Identify early warning signs of urinary tract

Riesa Gusewelle, MNSc, RN, APRN, GNP-BC. OBJECTIVES Identify early warning signs of urinary tract Detection, Early Management & Prevention, of Urinary Tract Infections in Older Adults Riesa Gusewelle, MNSc, RN, APRN, GNP-BC OBJECTIVES Identify early warning signs of urinary tract infections (UTIs)

More information

Having a urinary catheter information for men

Having a urinary catheter information for men Having a urinary catheter information for men This leaflet explains what a catheter is, why you need it and how you should look after it. If you have any further questions, please contact your district

More information

Going home with a urinary cathether

Going home with a urinary cathether Going home with a urinary cathether A patient s guide 1 Your doctor has advised that you require a urinary catheter so that urine can be drained from your bladder. This leaflet provides advice to help

More information

online version Understanding Indwelling Urinary Catheters and Drainage Systems Useful information When to call for help

online version Understanding Indwelling Urinary Catheters and Drainage Systems Useful information When to call for help When to call for help This will depend on the individual situation, but usually help should be sought if any of the following occurs: 1. The catheter does not start to drain, despite trying the problem

More information

Macroplastique injection for stress urinary incontinence

Macroplastique injection for stress urinary incontinence Macroplastique injection for stress urinary incontinence Information for patients This information sheet answers some of the questions you may have about having a Macroplastique injection. It explains

More information

X-Plain Foley Catheter Male Reference Summary

X-Plain Foley Catheter Male Reference Summary X-Plain Foley Catheter Male Reference Summary Introduction A Foley catheter is a tube that is put through the urinary opening and into your bladder to drain urine. Your doctor may have placed or may ask

More information

Going Home with a Urinary Catheter

Going Home with a Urinary Catheter Going Home with a Urinary Catheter Doctor: Phone Number: About Your Catheter A urinary catheter is a small tube that goes through your urethra and into your bladder. This tube then drains the urine made

More information

PATIENT URINARY CATHETER PASSPORT

PATIENT URINARY CATHETER PASSPORT n PATIENT URINARY CATHETER PASSPORT A guide on how to look after your Catheter NHS Hertfordshire Patient Experience Team Charter House Parkway Welwyn Garden City Hertfordshire AL8 6JL Telephone: 01707

More information

Looking after your urinary catheter at home. An information guide

Looking after your urinary catheter at home. An information guide TO PROVIDE THE VERY BEST CARE FOR EACH PATIENT ON EVERY OCCASION Looking after your urinary catheter at home An information guide Looking after your urinary catheter at home This leaflet is provided for

More information

Infection Prevention & Control Team. Your urinary catheter & how to care for it 0151 430 2452 / 0151 430 1384. Patient Information Leaflet

Infection Prevention & Control Team. Your urinary catheter & how to care for it 0151 430 2452 / 0151 430 1384. Patient Information Leaflet Contact details Infection prevention team - 0151 430 2452 This leaflet can be made available in alternative languages/formats on request. Infection Prevention & Control Team 0151 430 2452 / 0151 430 1384

More information

es of Urinary Incontinence:

es of Urinary Incontinence: Reversible Cause Urinary incontinence is a loss of control over the passing of urine. Urine loss can occur in very small amounts (enough only to dampen underwear) to very large amounts (requiring a change

More information

How To Deal With The Side Effects Of Radiotherapy

How To Deal With The Side Effects Of Radiotherapy Radiotherapy to the Bowel (Colo-Rectal Tumours) Information for patients Northern Centre for Cancer Care Freeman Hospital Introduction Your oncologist has advised you to have a course of radiotherapy to

More information

Acute pelvic inflammatory disease: tests and treatment

Acute pelvic inflammatory disease: tests and treatment Acute pelvic inflammatory disease: tests and treatment Information for you Information for you Published August 2010 Published in August 2010 (next review date: 2014) Acute What is pelvic inflammatory

More information

Drinking fluids and how they affect your bladder

Drinking fluids and how they affect your bladder Drinking fluids and how they affect your bladder Contact us Patient Advice and Liaison Service (PALS) To make comments or raise concerns about the Trust s services, please contact PALS. Ask a member of

More information

TERMINATION OF PREGNANCY- MEDICAL

TERMINATION OF PREGNANCY- MEDICAL TERMINATION OF PREGNANCY- MEDICAL Information Leaflet Your Health. Our Priority. Page 2 of 8 You have been offered a medical termination of pregnancy using mifepristone. You will have been given some verbal

More information

Management of urinary catheters

Management of urinary catheters Information for patients and relatives This leaflet is available in other formats including large print, audio tape, CD and braille, and in languages other than English, upon request. Corp/326.2 (2012)

More information

Looking after your urinary catheter at home

Looking after your urinary catheter at home Looking after your urinary catheter at home Information for patients and carers Useful contacts to keep: Name and title of community nurse Single point of access (SPA) for community nursing 24 hour service

More information

Trichomonas vaginalis. Looking after your sexual health

Trichomonas vaginalis. Looking after your sexual health Trichomonas vaginalis Looking after your sexual health 2 3 Trichomonas vaginalis Trichomonas vaginalis is a sexually transmitted infection (STI). It is sometimes referred to as trichomonas or trichomoniasis,

More information

Self Catheterization Guide

Self Catheterization Guide Self Catheterization Guide An introduction to intermittent self-catheterization Medical professionals have recommended that you selfcatheterize in order to completely empty your bladder. This prevents

More information

Chlamydia. Looking after your sexual health

Chlamydia. Looking after your sexual health Chlamydia Looking after your sexual health 2 Chlamydia Chlamydia is one of the most common sexually transmitted infections (STIs). It is very easy to treat and cure. Up to one in 10 sexually active young

More information

Having a tension-free vaginal tape (TVT) operation for stress urinary incontinence

Having a tension-free vaginal tape (TVT) operation for stress urinary incontinence Having a tension-free vaginal tape (TVT) operation for stress urinary incontinence This leaflet explains more about tension-free vaginal tape (TVT) including the benefits, risks and any alternatives, and

More information

Botox treatment for an overactive bladder in women. Information for patients Gynaecology

Botox treatment for an overactive bladder in women. Information for patients Gynaecology Botox treatment for an overactive bladder in women Information for patients Gynaecology What is bladder overactivity (OAB)? Bladder overactivity is a common condition, affecting around one in five people.

More information

Leader's Resource. Note: Both men and women can have an STD without physical symptoms.

Leader's Resource. Note: Both men and women can have an STD without physical symptoms. Leader's Resource Information on Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs) Signs and Symptoms of STDs Note: Both men and women can have an STD without physical symptoms. Any of the following can indicate to

More information

Care of a Foley Catheter

Care of a Foley Catheter Care of a Foley Catheter A Foley catheter is a tube that is put into the bladder to drain urine out of the body. A Foley catheter can stay in the bladder for hours or weeks. Having the catheter put in

More information

URINARY CATHETER CARE

URINARY CATHETER CARE URINARY CATHETER CARE INTRODUCTION Urinary catheter care is a very important skill, and it is a skill that many certified nursing assistants (CNAs) must know. Competence at providing urinary catheter care

More information

Living life to the full with an indwelling catheter

Living life to the full with an indwelling catheter Living life to the full with an indwelling catheter www.fittleworth.com Opening hours: 8am 8pm Monday to Friday 9am 1pm on Saturday Freephone National 0800 378 846 Scotland 0800 783 7148 Living with and

More information

How to Improve Bladder After Bowler Cancer

How to Improve Bladder After Bowler Cancer Bladder changes after bowel cancer treatment This information is from the booklet Managing the late effects of bowel cancer treatment. You may find the full booklet helpful. We can send you a free copy

More information

Information for patients receiving short-term hormone treatment and radiotherapy for prostate cancer

Information for patients receiving short-term hormone treatment and radiotherapy for prostate cancer Information for patients receiving short-term hormone treatment and radiotherapy for prostate cancer Northern Centre for Cancer Care (NCCC) Freeman Hospital Introduction This leaflet has been written to

More information

After care following insertion of a suprapubic catheter

After care following insertion of a suprapubic catheter Other formats After care following insertion of a suprapubic catheter If you need this information in another format such as audio tape or computer disk, Braille, large print, high contrast, British Sign

More information

Intermittent Self Catheterisation for Women

Intermittent Self Catheterisation for Women ISCW Intermittent Self Catheterisation for Women National Service, Locally Based www.fittleworth.com Opening hours: 8am - 8pm Monday to Friday 9am - 1pm on Saturday Freephone National 0800 378 846 Scotland

More information

Glossary. amenorrhea, primary - from the beginning and lifelong; menstruation never begins at puberty.

Glossary. amenorrhea, primary - from the beginning and lifelong; menstruation never begins at puberty. Glossary amenorrhea - absence or cessation of menstrual periods. amenorrhea, primary - from the beginning and lifelong; menstruation never begins at puberty. A amenorrhea, secondary - due to some physical

More information

A Guide to Help You Manage Your Catheter and Drainage Bags

A Guide to Help You Manage Your Catheter and Drainage Bags A Guide to Help You Manage Your Catheter and Drainage Bags A catheter can make a difference to your health and quality of life. We understand that it can be a big adjustment for you. This information will

More information

Bladder reconstruction (neo-bladder)

Bladder reconstruction (neo-bladder) Bladder reconstruction (neo-bladder) We have written this leaflet to help you understand about your operation. It is designed to help you answer any questions you may have. The leaflet contains the following

More information

Periurethral bulking agent for stress urinary incontinence (macroplastique)

Periurethral bulking agent for stress urinary incontinence (macroplastique) PLEASE PRINT WHOLE FORM DOUBLE SIDED ON YELLOW PAPER Patient Information to be retained by patient affix patient label Who is this leaflet for? This leaflet provides information about having an injection

More information

Genital warts. Looking after your sexual health

Genital warts. Looking after your sexual health Genital warts Looking after your sexual health 2 Genital warts Genital warts are the most common viral sexually transmitted infection (STI). They are caused by the human papilloma virus (HPV) which can

More information

Having a supra pubic urinary catheter

Having a supra pubic urinary catheter Having a supra pubic urinary catheter Delivering the best in care UHB is a no smoking Trust To see all of our current patient information leaflets please visit www.uhb.nhs.uk/patient-information-leaflets.htm

More information

Urinary Catheter Care and Prostate Cancer Treatment

Urinary Catheter Care and Prostate Cancer Treatment Urinary Catheter Care and Prostate Cancer Treatment The following information is based on the general experiences of many prostate cancer patients. Your experience may be different. If you have any questions

More information

Kaiser Oakland Urology

Kaiser Oakland Urology Kaiser Oakland Urology The Main Purpose of Bladder Catheterization Complete Bladder Emptying! Help maintain a healthy bladder Help maintain healthy kidneys Reduce the chances of significant urinary tract

More information

The Well Woman Centre. Adult Urinary Incontinence

The Well Woman Centre. Adult Urinary Incontinence The Well Woman Centre Adult Urinary Incontinence 1 Adult Urinary Incontinence... 3 Stress Incontinence Symptoms... 3 Urge Incontinence Symptoms... 4 Mixed Incontinence Symptoms... 5 Where to Start?...

More information

URINARY TRACT INFECTION IN BABIES AND PRE-SCHOOL CHILDREN

URINARY TRACT INFECTION IN BABIES AND PRE-SCHOOL CHILDREN URINARY TRACT INFECTION IN BABIES AND PRE-SCHOOL CHILDREN Information Leaflet Your Health. Our Priority. Page 2 of 5 What is the Urinary Tract? The urinary tract consists of the kidneys and the tubes which

More information

Intermittent Self Catheterization for Males

Intermittent Self Catheterization for Males Intermittent Self Catheterization for Males CEAC 0371 January 2016 Intermittent Self Catheterization This involves inserting a catheter (small tube) into your bladder at regular intervals to help empty

More information

Problems in Early Pregnancy

Problems in Early Pregnancy Problems in Early Pregnancy Exceptional healthcare, personally delivered This information answers queries about issues that may arise in early pregnancy. Not all of these issues will apply to you. It provides

More information

The following document includes information about:

The following document includes information about: Patient information WHAT TO EXPECT WHILE RECEIVING RADIATION THERAPY FOR PROSTATE CANCER Oncology Vitalité Zone : 1B 4 5 6 Facility : Dr. Léon-Richard Oncology Centre The following document includes information

More information

Urinary Tract Infections in Children

Urinary Tract Infections in Children Urinary Tract Infections in Children National Kidney and Urologic Diseases Information Clearinghouse National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH Urinary

More information

Information for patients. Sex and Incontinence. Royal Hallamshire Hospital

Information for patients. Sex and Incontinence. Royal Hallamshire Hospital Information for patients Sex and Incontinence Royal Hallamshire Hospital Why is sex important? We may choose to be sexual, regardless of our age, physical status or stage of life. Those with health problems

More information

Gonorrhoea. Looking after your sexual health

Gonorrhoea. Looking after your sexual health Gonorrhoea Looking after your sexual health 2 Gonorrhoea Gonorrhoea is a bacterial sexually transmitted infection (STI). It can be painful and can cause serious health problems such as infertility in both

More information

Chlamydia THE FACTS. How do people get Chlamydia?

Chlamydia THE FACTS. How do people get Chlamydia? What is Chlamydia? Chlamydia is a common bacterial infection that is sexually transmitted and often causes no symptoms. If not treated, chlamydia can damage reproductive organs and make it difficult for

More information

After Bladder Surgery (TUR-TransUrethral Resection) Discharge Information

After Bladder Surgery (TUR-TransUrethral Resection) Discharge Information After Bladder Surgery (TUR-TransUrethral Resection) Discharge Information General Information (for either procedure) TUR (Transurethral Resection) Bladder Neck may be done to remove scar tissue blocking

More information

Urinary Incontinence FAQ Sheet

Urinary Incontinence FAQ Sheet Urinary Incontinence FAQ Sheet Are you reluctant to talk to your doctor about your bladder control problem? Don t be. There is help. Loss of bladder control is called urinary incontinence. It can happen

More information

Urinary Indwelling Catheter. The Urinary System

Urinary Indwelling Catheter. The Urinary System Patient Education CARE AND TREATMENT Urinary Indwelling Catheter This information will help you care for a urinary indwelling catheter at home. It will answer many of your questions. Please ask your doctor

More information

Radiation Therapy for Prostate Cancer

Radiation Therapy for Prostate Cancer Radiation Therapy for Prostate Cancer Introduction Cancer of the prostate is the most common form of cancer that affects men. About 240,000 American men are diagnosed with prostate cancer every year. Your

More information

Radiotherapy for vulval cancer

Radiotherapy for vulval cancer This information is an extract from the booklet Understanding cancer of the vulva. You may find the full booklet helpful. We can send you a copy free see page 6. Contents External radiotherapy Internal

More information

Blood in the urine (hematuria)

Blood in the urine (hematuria) Blood in the urine (hematuria) Hematuria refers to the presence of blood in the urine. It is important to investigate the cause of hematuria because rarely, it is caused by a serious condition, such as

More information

The main surgical options for treating early stage cervical cancer are:

The main surgical options for treating early stage cervical cancer are: INFORMATION LEAFLET ON TOTAL LAPAROSCOPIC RADICAL HYSTERECTOMY (TLRH) FOR EARLY STAGE CERVICAL CANCER (TREATING EARLY STAGE CERVICAL CANCER BY RADICAL HYSTERECTOMY THROUGH KEYHOLE SURGERY) Aim of the leaflet

More information

HOW TO CARE FOR YOUR CATHETER (FEMALE)

HOW TO CARE FOR YOUR CATHETER (FEMALE) HOW TO CARE FOR YOUR CATHETER (FEMALE) Information Leaflet Your Health. Our Priority. Page 2 of 6 What is a catheter? A catheter is a narrow flexible soft tube inserted into the bladder for the purpose

More information

Copper intra-uterine device (IUD)

Copper intra-uterine device (IUD) Oxford University Hospitals NHS Trust Copper intra-uterine device (IUD) Page What is an inter-uterine device? 3 How does it work? 4 Would an IUD be suitable for me? 5 Are there any risks or complications?

More information

Streptococcal Infections

Streptococcal Infections Streptococcal Infections Introduction Streptococcal, or strep, infections cause a variety of health problems. These infections can cause a mild skin infection or sore throat. But they can also cause severe,

More information

Recovery After Stroke: Bladder & Bowel Function

Recovery After Stroke: Bladder & Bowel Function Recovery After Stroke: Bladder & Bowel Function Problems with bladder and bowel function are common but distressing for stroke survivors. Going to the bathroom after suffering a stroke may be complicated

More information

Guy s, King s and St Thomas Cancer Centre The Cancer Outpatient Clinic Maintenance BCG for nonmuscle invasive bladder cancer

Guy s, King s and St Thomas Cancer Centre The Cancer Outpatient Clinic Maintenance BCG for nonmuscle invasive bladder cancer Guy s, King s and St Thomas Cancer Centre The Cancer Outpatient Clinic Maintenance BCG for nonmuscle invasive bladder cancer This information sheet has been given to you to explain the use of maintenance

More information

BARD MEDICAL DIVISION UROLOGICAL DRAINAGE. Foley Catheter Care & Maintenance. Patient Education Guide

BARD MEDICAL DIVISION UROLOGICAL DRAINAGE. Foley Catheter Care & Maintenance. Patient Education Guide BARD MEDICAL DIVISION Foley Catheter Care & Maintenance Patient Education Guide WHAT IS A FOLEY CATHETER? Because of your medical problem, your body is having trouble completely emptying your bladder of

More information

Diseases that can be spread during sex

Diseases that can be spread during sex Diseases that can be spread during sex Did you know... over 65 million people in the United States have a chronic, incurable sexually transmitted disease (STD)? and that every year another 19 million persons

More information

University College Hospital at Westmoreland Street. Mid urethral tension-free vaginal tape procedures

University College Hospital at Westmoreland Street. Mid urethral tension-free vaginal tape procedures University College Hospital at Westmoreland Street Mid urethral tension-free vaginal tape procedures Urology Directorate for women 2 3 If you would like this document in another language or format, or

More information

Bladder Health Promotion

Bladder Health Promotion Bladder Health Promotion Community Awareness Presentation Content contributions provided by the Society of Urologic Nurses (SUNA) National Association for Continence (NAFC) Simon Foundation for Continence

More information

National Hospital for Neurology and Neurosurgery

National Hospital for Neurology and Neurosurgery National Hospital for Neurology and Neurosurgery Botulinum toxin injections for the bladder Department of Uro-Neurology If you would like this document in another language or format, or require the services

More information

Balanitis (change on the helmet of the penis) This is a change in the skin on the glans (helmet) of the penis. It is often caused by either:-

Balanitis (change on the helmet of the penis) This is a change in the skin on the glans (helmet) of the penis. It is often caused by either:- INFECTIONS Bacterial Vaginosis Women with Bacterial Vaginosis (BV) often complain of an increase in vaginal discharge that is "smelly" or they feel "unclean" despite regular washing. This is more noticeable

More information

Pyelonephritis: Kidney Infection

Pyelonephritis: Kidney Infection Pyelonephritis: Kidney Infection National Kidney and Urologic Diseases Information Clearinghouse U.S. Department of Health and Human Services NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH What is pyelonephritis? Pyelonephritis

More information

Please read these instructions carefully before using Poise* Bladder Supports

Please read these instructions carefully before using Poise* Bladder Supports For the Temporary Management of Stress Urinary Incontinence in Women INSTRUCTIONS FOR USE Please read these instructions carefully before using Poise* Bladder Supports 500000023088 For the Temporary Management

More information

PROCEDURE FOR CLEAN INTERMITTENT CATHETERIZATION MALE

PROCEDURE FOR CLEAN INTERMITTENT CATHETERIZATION MALE PROCEDURE FOR CLEAN INTERMITTENT CATHETERIZATION MALE 1. Wash hands. PROCEDURE POINTS TO REMEMBER 2. Assemble equipment. Water-soluble lubricant, such as K-Y Jelly, Lubrifax, Surgel Catheter, plastic or

More information

Although the flush is the classic menopausal symptom that we ve

Although the flush is the classic menopausal symptom that we ve 24 MENOPAUSE: ANSWERS AT YOUR FINGERTIPS HOW LONG DO SYMPTOMS LAST? The duration of early symptoms is very variable from a few months to many years and the severity varies between individuals. On average,

More information

Disorders of the Vulva

Disorders of the Vulva Disorders of the Vulva WOMENCARE A Healthy Woman is a Powerful Woman (407) 898-1500 Certain health problems can affect the vulva (the outer part of the female genital area). Some problems are minor. Others

More information

Intermittent Self-Catheterization. A Step by Step Guide for Men and Women

Intermittent Self-Catheterization. A Step by Step Guide for Men and Women Inside this book Intermittent Self-Catheterization A Step by Step Guide for Men and Women 1986 2005 St. Joseph s Healthcare Hamilton Hamilton, Ontario Contributors: Jennifer Skelly Paula Eyles Linda Hilts

More information

Patient with: 3 or more UTI in 6 months 4 or more UTI in 12 months

Patient with: 3 or more UTI in 6 months 4 or more UTI in 12 months Recurrent UTI Management Pathway adult females Initial assessment Assessment questionnaire questionnaire bladder scan dipstick dipstick of of urine urine pregnancy neurological disease long - term catheters

More information

SELF-CATHETERISATION A Guide for Male Patients PATIENT EDUCATION

SELF-CATHETERISATION A Guide for Male Patients PATIENT EDUCATION SELF-CATHETERISATION A Guide for Male Patients PATIENT EDUCATION ADHB Urology Department; Reviewed JULY 2005 Ubix code NPEB2 1 This booklet has been designed to help you learn how to perform self-catheterisation.

More information

Recognizing Signs and Symptoms of a Urinary Tract Infection (UTI)

Recognizing Signs and Symptoms of a Urinary Tract Infection (UTI) Use this checklist to help identify signs and symptoms of a or other illnesses. If the person you support has one or more of these signs and symptoms, call the doctor for advice and a medical appointment.

More information

Feline Lower Urinary Tract Disease (FLUTD)

Feline Lower Urinary Tract Disease (FLUTD) Feline Lower Urinary Tract Disease (FLUTD) VETERINARY GUIDE 2 What is FLUTD? FLUTD describes a collection of common conditions that affect the bladder and/or urethra the narrow tube that carries urine

More information

AXIRON (AXE-e-RON) CIII

AXIRON (AXE-e-RON) CIII Medication Guide 1 AXIRON (AXE-e-RON) CIII (testosterone) topical solution Read this Medication Guide before you start using AXIRON and each time you get a refill. There may be new information. This information

More information

What are the symptoms of a vulval skin condition?

What are the symptoms of a vulval skin condition? Information for you Published in December 2013 (next review date: 2016) Skin conditions of the vulva About this information This information is for you if you want to know about skin conditions affecting

More information

Bard: Continence Therapy. Stress Urinary Incontinence. Regaining Control. Restoring Your Lifestyle.

Bard: Continence Therapy. Stress Urinary Incontinence. Regaining Control. Restoring Your Lifestyle. Bard: Continence Therapy Stress Urinary Incontinence Regaining Control. Restoring Your Lifestyle. Stress Urinary Incontinence Becoming knowledgeable about urinary incontinence Uterus Normal Pelvic Anatomy

More information

Peptic Ulcer. Anatomy The stomach is a hollow organ. It is located in the upper abdomen, under the ribs.

Peptic Ulcer. Anatomy The stomach is a hollow organ. It is located in the upper abdomen, under the ribs. Peptic Ulcer Introduction A peptic ulcer is a sore in the lining of your stomach or duodenum. The duodenum is the first part of your small intestine. Peptic ulcers may also develop in the esophagus. Nearly

More information

IUD. the IUD. the IUD. the IUD. the IUD. the IUD. the IUD. the IUD. the IUD. the IUD. your guide to

IUD. the IUD. the IUD. the IUD. the IUD. the IUD. the IUD. the IUD. the IUD. the IUD. your guide to your guide to Helping you choose the method of contraception that is best for you IUD he the the the 2 3 The intrauterine device (IUD) An IUD is a small plastic and copper device that is put into your

More information

GreenLight Laser Therapy for Treating Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH)

GreenLight Laser Therapy for Treating Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH) GreenLight Laser Therapy for Treating Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH) To learn about this procedure it helps to know these words: The prostate is the sexual gland that makes a fluid which helps sperm

More information

TRANSURETHRAL RESECTION OF A BLADDER TUMOUR (TURBT) PATIENT INFORMATION

TRANSURETHRAL RESECTION OF A BLADDER TUMOUR (TURBT) PATIENT INFORMATION TRANSURETHRAL RESECTION OF A BLADDER TUMOUR (TURBT) PATIENT INFORMATION ADHB Urology Department; Reviewed FEB 2005 Ubix code UPEB18 1 The information contained in this booklet is intended to assist you

More information

Information for Patients

Information for Patients Notes Information for Patients Sling procedure for urinary stress incontinence Aysha Qureshi Version 1, June 2010 Review date June 2013 Date of publication: June 2010 Ref: RUH GYN/002 Royal United Hospital

More information

Registered Charity No. 5365

Registered Charity No. 5365 THE MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS SOCIETY OF IRELAND Dartmouth House, Grand Parade, Dublin 6. Telephone: (01) 269 4599. Fax: (01) 269 3746 MS Helpline: 1850 233 233 E-mail: mscontact@ms-society.ie www.ms-society.ie

More information

Patient Information Sheet

Patient Information Sheet TRANSURETHRAL RESECTION OF PROSTATE (TURP) Patient Information Sheet Department of Urology Homerton University Hospital NHS Foundation Trust Homerton Row, London, E9 6SR Reviewed: June 2012 Next date:

More information

Looking after your bladder

Looking after your bladder Looking after your bladder A guide for women after spinal cord injury Spinal Cord Injury Rehabilitation Program This booklet has been written by the health care providers who provide care to people who

More information

Botox (Botulinum Toxin) injections into the bladder

Botox (Botulinum Toxin) injections into the bladder York Teaching Hospital NHS Foundation Trust Botox (Botulinum Toxin) injections into the bladder Information for patients, relatives and carers Department of Urology York Teaching Hospital NHS Foundation

More information

LOSS OF BLADDER CONTROL IS TREATABLE TAKE CONTROL AND RESTORE YOUR LIFESTYLE

LOSS OF BLADDER CONTROL IS TREATABLE TAKE CONTROL AND RESTORE YOUR LIFESTYLE LOSS OF BLADDER CONTROL IS TREATABLE TAKE CONTROL AND RESTORE YOUR LIFESTYLE TALKING ABOUT STRESS INCONTINENCE (SUI) Millions of women suffer from stress incontinence (SUI). This condition results in accidental

More information