DIABETES MELLITUS. By Tracey Steenkamp Biokineticist at the Institute for Sport Research, University of Pretoria

Save this PDF as:

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "DIABETES MELLITUS. By Tracey Steenkamp Biokineticist at the Institute for Sport Research, University of Pretoria"

Transcription

1 DIABETES MELLITUS By Tracey Steenkamp Biokineticist at the Institute for Sport Research, University of Pretoria What is Diabetes Diabetes Mellitus (commonly referred to as diabetes ) is a chronic medical condition. It is a group of chronic metabolic disorders characterized by hyperglycaemia resulting from a relative deficiency in insulin, through either reduced insulin secretion or reduced insulin action (or both). Insulin is a hormone necessary to carry glucose from the bloodstream into the cells where it is used for energy. If there is too little insulin, or resistance to insulin, blood glucose levels continue to rise, as glucose is not removed from the bloodstream. You are more likely to develop diabetes if you have one or more of the following risk factors: Overweight or obesity Physical inactivity Family history of diabetes Previous diabetes in pregnancy (gestational) It has been estimated that there are approximately one in ten South Africans with diabetes, however there are many adults who are unaware they are diabetic. Diabetes appears to be increasing with time. In 1995 an estimated 4% (135 million worldwide) appeared to have diabetes whereby it is expected to rise to 5.4% (300 million worldwide) in the year This results in an increasing burden on health care budgets. Diagnosis of diabetes Blood glucose concentrations must be maintained within narrow limits. This is to prevent the acute and chronic complications seen in diabetes mellitus. Diabetes is diagnosed by two consecutive elevated fasting plasma glucose readings or via a glucose tolerance test. A normal fasting blood sugar level is 5.6 mmol/l (100 mg/dl). A fasting blood sugar level of mmol/l is considered prediabetes. If the value is 7 mmol/l on two separate tests, a person is diagnosed with diabetes. Types of Diabetes There are several types of diabetes. These include Type 1 (Insulin Dependent Diabetes Mellitus), Type 2 (Non-Insulin Dependent Diabetes Mellitus) and Gestational Diabetes Mellitus.

2 Type 1 diabetes mellitus is when a persons pancreas does not produce enough insulin to regulate blood glucose levels. This results in inadequate glucose uptake into the cells for energy and an accumulation of glucose in the blood. Type 1 diabetics are required to take daily insulin injections. Type 2 diabetes mellitus is more common than Type 1 Diabetes. Type 2 diabetes is where your body is able to produce insulin however it is unable to use the insulin it produces. Some patients have inadequate insulin production. This type of diabetes is often controlled through diet and exercise alone, however in more advanced stages the use of oral medication and/or insulin is necessary. Gestational diabetes is a type of diabetes which occurs during pregnancy in women who otherwise don t have diabetes. Women typically develop gestational diabetes during the 14 th to the 28 th week of pregnancy. Women who develop gestational diabetes are at an increased risk of developing Type 2 diabetes. Symptoms and complication of diabetes Symptoms vary from individual to individual and some elderly people may not present any symptoms. People with diabetes may experience the following symptoms: Constant thirst Passing more urine than normal Tiredness Unexplained weight loss Blurred vision Tingling/Numb feet Increase in appetite These symptoms are a result of having too much glucose in the blood and not enough in the cells. Although there is no cure for diabetes, with careful monitoring and a healthy lifestyle changes, diabetics can avoid complications and enjoy a long, productive life. In uncontrolled diabetes, high levels of glucose over many years can damage many different parts of the body including: The heart and blood vessels The eyes Kidney disease and kidney failure Ulcers, infections, gangrene in the feet Neuropathy Low blood glucose It is very important to know the symptoms of low blood glucose. These include headaches, trembling, hunger, blurred vision, sweating, rapid heart rate, dizziness and irritability. 15 grams of fast-acting carbohydrates will help treat low blood glucose. This includes glucose tablets or snacks such as raisons, juices or soda s. To avoid low blood glucose, you should test and record your blood glucose levels before and after exercise. This information is useful in educating you and your doctor on how blood glucose responds to different types of exercise.

3 Treatment of Diabetes Traditionally, treatments for diabetes have centered on the use of pharmaceutical interventions. These include oral antihyperglycaemic agents and/or insulin therapy. Lifestyle modifications (which include a controlled diet and regular exercise) form an integral component of management in patients with Type 2 diabetes. Dietary advice for managing diabetes Exercise combined with a healthy diet is advisable in controlling your sugar levels and reducing the risk. Eating a healthy varied diet with small, regular meals, will help to regulate your blood sugar levels. A diet with fibre-rich starches (oats, wholewheat bread and brown rice) is preferred over refined starches. Fruit is preferred in a solid form rather than as a juice. Fat in the diet (especially saturated and trans fat) should be limited and replaced with unsaturated fats. Fish, especially naturally oily fish containing healthy omega-3 fats can improve heart health. Sugar, salt and alcohol should be limited. Alcohol can affect blood sugar levels and should therefore be consumed in moderation. Diabetes and exercise There are many health and fitness benefits associated with physical activity and endurance exercise training. Physical activity is known to prevent the occurrences of cardiac events, and reduce the incidence of strokes, hypertension, depression, and type 2 diabetes mellitus. Exercise helps keep you strong and healthy, therefore reducing the rate of mortality. It improves blood circulation, strengthens your bones, muscles and joints, helps with depression, anxiety and stress and helps you sleep better. Sedentary individuals increase the risk of developing heart disease, obesity, colon cancers, osteoporosis, stroke, high blood pressure and diabetes. Living a sedentary life also results in poor circulation. Although there are many benefits of exercise, it is important to consult with your doctor and biokineticist before starting with an exercise routine. This is especially important if you have any cardiac risk factors including diabetes. Exercise safety tips Exercise is strongly advocated for all patients with controlled diabetes. Before starting with an exercise program consult with a Biokineticist. The biokineiticist will evaluate you and design an exercise program according to your needs. Here are some exercise safety tips: Don t exercise while you have a sore throat, fever or chest cold Avoid exercising in hot, humid weather You can exercise any time of the day, however morning exercise may cause your blood glucose to drop less than if you exercise later in the day

4 If you are on insulin or taking pills that work by making more insulin, evening exercise may result in low blood glucose while you sleep If you exercise in the evening, you may need to take a carbohydrate snack before going to bed to prevent a low blood glucose reaction while you sleep When exercising, carry information regarding your condition (e.g. medication information, doctor s phone number) Wear lightweight, comfortable clothing Wear shoes that fit properly Inspect your feet after activity for sores Drink 425 g 567 g of water minutes before a workout, and 340 g 425 g of water every 15 minutes during exercise Drink water during exercise sessions even if you re not thirsty Start slowly and gradually increase Always warm up before exercising Cool down after exercises Don t hold your breath, exhale with effort Maintain good posture Listen to your body If you feel pain with exercising, stop Diabetic patients should include cardiorespiratory, resistance and flexibility exercises into their routines Flexibility exercises should be performed 5 7 days a week Cardiorespiratory exercise Aerobic exercise is typically repetitive movements involving large muscle groups. It is aimed at improving aerobic fitness. Examples of aerobic exercise includes walking, swimming and cycling. At least 150 minutes of moderate-intensity cardiorespiratory exercise each week (30 minutes of moderate intensity aerobic activity 5 days a week) is advised for patients with Type 2 diabetes; or vigorous intense aerobic activity 20 minutes or more a day, 3-5 days a week. Patients with Type 1 diabetes are encouraged to exercise every day. Resistance exercise Patients with diabetes should be encouraged to achieve two to three resistance training sessions each week. The goal should be to exercise all the major muscle groups. This includes 8 10 exercises, and repetitions of each exercise

5 Living an active life is important. Here are ways at ensuring you remain active during the day Plan to be as active as possible (walking as often as possible) Take the stairs instead of the elevator Park at the far end of the parking lot and walk to the office or store Get up from your desk during the day to walk around Walk your dog Reduce TV and computer time For more information, please contact the Institute for Sports Research ( ) at the University of Pretoria References: Peirce, N.M Diabetes and exercise. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 33 ( ) Weil, R.M BD Getting started, Exercise and Diabetes, ( Diabetes and exercise fact sheet (Exercise and Sports Science Austarlia & the Sports Dietitians Australia) (Accessed: 20 January 2015) (Accessed: 20 January 2015) (accessed: 20 January 2015)

The Family Library. Understanding Diabetes

The Family Library. Understanding Diabetes The Family Library Understanding Diabetes What is Diabetes? Diabetes is caused when the body has a problem in making or using insulin. Insulin is a hormone secreted by the pancreas and is needed for the

More information

Diabetes. Patient Education. What you need to know. Diabetes Facts. Improving Health Through Education. What is Diabetes?

Diabetes. Patient Education. What you need to know. Diabetes Facts. Improving Health Through Education. What is Diabetes? Diabetes What you need to know Diabetes Facts More than 3 million Canadians have diabetes (Canadian Diabetes Association, 2009). It is the 4th leading cause of death in the world (CDA, 2009). Patient Education

More information

What is Type 2 Diabetes?

What is Type 2 Diabetes? Type 2 Diabetes What is Type 2 Diabetes? Diabetes is a condition where there is too much glucose in the blood. Our pancreas produces a hormone called insulin. Insulin works to regulate our blood glucose

More information

Understanding Diabetes

Understanding Diabetes Understanding Diabetes What is diabetes? Diabetes is a condition where there is too much glucose (a type of sugar) in your blood. Your blood glucose level is regulated with the help of insulin, a hormone

More information

Understanding Diabetes

Understanding Diabetes Understanding Diabetes Diabetes is a disease in which a person s blood glucose (blood sugar) is too high. When you eat, some of the food is broken down into a type of sugar called glucose, which is the

More information

PowerPoint Lecture Outlines prepared by Dr. Lana Zinger, QCC CUNY. 12a. FOCUS ON Your Risk for Diabetes. Copyright 2011 Pearson Education, Inc.

PowerPoint Lecture Outlines prepared by Dr. Lana Zinger, QCC CUNY. 12a. FOCUS ON Your Risk for Diabetes. Copyright 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. PowerPoint Lecture Outlines prepared by Dr. Lana Zinger, QCC CUNY 12a FOCUS ON Your Risk for Diabetes Your Risk for Diabetes! Since 1980,Diabetes has increased by 50 %. Diabetes has increased by 70 percent

More information

Insulin is a hormone produced by the pancreas to control blood sugar. Diabetes can be caused by too little insulin, resistance to insulin, or both.

Insulin is a hormone produced by the pancreas to control blood sugar. Diabetes can be caused by too little insulin, resistance to insulin, or both. Diabetes Definition Diabetes is a chronic (lifelong) disease marked by high levels of sugar in the blood. Causes Insulin is a hormone produced by the pancreas to control blood sugar. Diabetes can be caused

More information

Causes, incidence, and risk factors

Causes, incidence, and risk factors Causes, incidence, and risk factors Insulin is a hormone produced by the pancreas to control blood sugar. Diabetes can be caused by too little insulin, resistance to insulin, or both. To understand diabetes,

More information

X-Plain Diabetes - Introduction Reference Summary

X-Plain Diabetes - Introduction Reference Summary X-Plain Diabetes - Introduction Reference Summary Introduction Diabetes is a disease that affects millions of Americans every year. Your doctor may have informed you that you have diabetes. Although there

More information

Background (cont) World Health Organisation (WHO) and IDF predict that this number will increase to more than 1,3 million in the next 25 years.

Background (cont) World Health Organisation (WHO) and IDF predict that this number will increase to more than 1,3 million in the next 25 years. Diabetes Overview Background What is diabetes Non-modifiable risk factors Modifiable risk factors Common symptoms of diabetes Early diagnosis and management of diabetes Non-medical management of diabetes

More information

Welcome to Diabetes Education! Why Should I Take Control of My Diabetes?

Welcome to Diabetes Education! Why Should I Take Control of My Diabetes? Welcome to Diabetes Education! Why Should I Take Control of My Diabetes? NEEDS and BENEFITS of SELF-MANAGEMENT You make choices about your life and health Controlling diabetes needs every day decisions

More information

HOW TO CARE FOR A PATIENT WITH DIABETES

HOW TO CARE FOR A PATIENT WITH DIABETES HOW TO CARE FOR A PATIENT WITH DIABETES INTRODUCTION Diabetes is one of the most common diseases in the United States, and diabetes is a disease that affects the way the body handles blood sugar. Approximately

More information

Post-Transplant Diabetes: What Every Patient Needs to Know

Post-Transplant Diabetes: What Every Patient Needs to Know Post-Transplant Diabetes: What Every Patient Needs to Know International Transplant Nurses Society What is Diabetes? Diabetes is an illness that effects how your body makes and uses a hormone called insulin.

More information

Nutrition. Type 2 Diabetes: A Growing Challenge in the Healthcare Setting NAME OF STUDENT

Nutrition. Type 2 Diabetes: A Growing Challenge in the Healthcare Setting NAME OF STUDENT 1 Nutrition Type 2 Diabetes: A Growing Challenge in the Healthcare Setting NAME OF STUDENT 2 Type 2 Diabetes: A Growing Challenge in the Healthcare Setting Introduction and background of type 2 diabetes:

More information

what is diabetes? What actually goes wrong? Talking diabetes No.42

what is diabetes? What actually goes wrong? Talking diabetes No.42 Talking diabetes No.42 what is diabetes? Diabetes is the name given to a group of different conditions in which there is too much glucose in the blood. The pancreas either cannot make insulin or the insulin

More information

Markham Stouffville Hospital

Markham Stouffville Hospital Markham Stouffville Hospital Adult Diabetes Education Frequently Asked Questions What is diabetes? Diabetes is a disease in which blood glucose levels are above normal. Most of the food we eat is turned

More information

High Blood Sugar. Printable Materials

High Blood Sugar. Printable Materials Printable Materials Activity Card #1 Symptoms of High Blood Sugar or Pre-Diabetes Symptoms People often don t know they have high blood sugar or pre-diabetes. There are no symptoms and pre-diabetes can

More information

Participant Guide Adopt a healthy lifestyle: prevent or better manage type 2 diabetes

Participant Guide Adopt a healthy lifestyle: prevent or better manage type 2 diabetes HealthSelectSM Lose and Win Session 13 of Texas Pre-diabetes & type II diabetes Participant Guide Adopt a healthy lifestyle: prevent or better manage type 2 diabetes Chances are that you know someone that

More information

Statistics of Type 2 Diabetes

Statistics of Type 2 Diabetes Statistics of Type 2 Diabetes Of the 17 million Americans with diabetes, 90 percent to 95 percent have type 2 diabetes. Of these, half are unaware they have the disease. People with type 2 diabetes often

More information

Am I at Risk for type 2 Diabetes? Taking Steps to Lower the Risk of Getting Diabetes NATIONAL DIABETES INFORMATION CLEARINGHOUSE

Am I at Risk for type 2 Diabetes? Taking Steps to Lower the Risk of Getting Diabetes NATIONAL DIABETES INFORMATION CLEARINGHOUSE NATIONAL DIABETES INFORMATION CLEARINGHOUSE Am I at Risk for type 2 Diabetes? Taking Steps to Lower the Risk of Getting Diabetes U.S. Department of Health and Human Services National Institutes of Health

More information

Type 2 Diabetes. What is diabetes? Understanding blood glucose and insulin. What is Type 2 diabetes? Page 1 of 5

Type 2 Diabetes. What is diabetes? Understanding blood glucose and insulin. What is Type 2 diabetes? Page 1 of 5 Page 1 of 5 Type 2 Diabetes Type 2 diabetes occurs mainly in people aged over 40. The 'first-line' treatment is diet, weight control and physical activity. If the blood glucose level remains high despite

More information

Medical Assistant s Diabetes Survey

Medical Assistant s Diabetes Survey Medical Assistant s Diabetes Survey Instructions: Circle one answer for each question. Thank-you. Basic Knowledge 1. Risk factors for developing Type 2 diabetes include: a. Family members with diabetes

More information

What is diabetes? Diabetes is a condition which occurs as a result of problems with the production and supply of insulin in the body.

What is diabetes? Diabetes is a condition which occurs as a result of problems with the production and supply of insulin in the body. What is diabetes? Diabetes is a condition which occurs as a result of problems with the production and supply of insulin in the body. Most of the food we eat is turned into glucose, a form of sugar. We

More information

Baskets of Care Diabetes Subcommittee

Baskets of Care Diabetes Subcommittee Baskets of Care Diabetes Subcommittee Disclaimer: This background information is not intended to be a comprehensive scientific discussion of the topic, but rather an attempt to provide a baseline level

More information

Diabetes and Hypertension Care For Adults in Primary Care Settings

Diabetes and Hypertension Care For Adults in Primary Care Settings and Hypertension Care For Adults in Primary Care Settings What is Type 2? The carbohydrates including sugar and starch which we take become glucose after digestion. It will then be absorbed by the small

More information

Type 2 Diabetes. Type 1 Diabetes. What is Diabetes? Diabetes during Pregnancy Very Thirsty Very Tired

Type 2 Diabetes. Type 1 Diabetes. What is Diabetes? Diabetes during Pregnancy Very Thirsty Very Tired FCD2-006 BINGO GAME To Prepare bingo game:!copy Picture Cards with pictures on one side and corresponding words on the other.!cut Bingo Cards apart, duplicate if you have more than ten players.!cut apart

More information

Take Charge of Your Diabetes

Take Charge of Your Diabetes Take Charge of Your Diabetes A Reinforcement Booklet for People With Diabetes Purpose and Acknowledgments This simplified and shortened overview of CDC s 1997 publication, Take Charge of Your Diabetes,

More information

Type 2 diabetes Definition

Type 2 diabetes Definition Type 2 diabetes Definition Type 2 diabetes is a lifelong (chronic) disease in which there are high levels of sugar (glucose) in the blood. Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes. Causes Diabetes

More information

WHAT I NEED TO KNOW ABOUT MY BLOOD SUGAR

WHAT I NEED TO KNOW ABOUT MY BLOOD SUGAR WHAT I NEED TO KNOW ABOUT MY BLOOD SUGAR BLOOD WHAT I NEED SUGAR TO MANAGEMENT KNOW ABOUT GUIDE MY BLOOD SUGAR When you have type 2 diabetes, your body has a problem using the food you eat for energy.

More information

what is diabetes? Talking diabetes No.42

what is diabetes? Talking diabetes No.42 Talking diabetes No.42 what is diabetes? Revised 2012 Diabetes is the name given to a group of different conditions in which there is too much glucose (sugar) in the blood. The pancreas either cannot make

More information

DIABETES A chronic, debilitating and often deadly disease A global epidemic Diabetes in Africa

DIABETES A chronic, debilitating and often deadly disease A global epidemic Diabetes in Africa DIABETES A chronic, debilitating and often deadly disease Diabetes is a chronic condition that arises when the pancreas does not produce enough insulin, or when the body cannot effectively use the insulin

More information

Diabetes Fundamentals

Diabetes Fundamentals Diabetes Fundamentals Prevalence of Diabetes in the U.S. Undiagnosed 10.7% of all people 20+ 23.1% of all people 60+ (12.2 million) Slide provided by Roche Diagnostics Sources: ADA, WHO statistics Prevalence

More information

DIABETIC EDUCATION MODULE ONE GENERAL OVERVIEW OF TREATMENT AND SAFETY

DIABETIC EDUCATION MODULE ONE GENERAL OVERVIEW OF TREATMENT AND SAFETY DIABETIC EDUCATION MODULE ONE GENERAL OVERVIEW OF TREATMENT AND SAFETY First Edition September 17, 1997 Kevin King R.N., B.S., C.C.R.N. Gregg Kunder R.N., B.S.N., C.C.T.C. 77-120 CHS UCLA Medical Center

More information

X-Plain Hypoglycemia Reference Summary

X-Plain Hypoglycemia Reference Summary X-Plain Hypoglycemia Reference Summary Introduction Hypoglycemia is a condition that causes blood sugar level to drop dangerously low. It mostly shows up in diabetic patients who take insulin. When recognized

More information

Antipsychotic Medications and the Risk of Diabetes and Cardiovascular Disease

Antipsychotic Medications and the Risk of Diabetes and Cardiovascular Disease Antipsychotic Medications and the Risk of Diabetes and Cardiovascular Disease Patient Tool #1 Understanding Diabetes and Psychiatric Illness: A Guide for Individuals, Families, and Caregivers Type 2 Diabetes,

More information

High blood sugars caused by steroids

High blood sugars caused by steroids High blood sugars caused by steroids Your blood sugars are high because you are taking a medication called steroids. Steroids are used to: decrease swelling decrease the natural response of your immune

More information

Diabetes Mellitus: Type 1

Diabetes Mellitus: Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus: Type 1 What is type 1 diabetes mellitus? Type 1 diabetes is a disorder that happens when your body produces little or no insulin. The lack of insulin causes the level of sugar in your

More information

Calculating and Graphing Glucose, Insulin, and GFR HASPI Medical Biology Activity 19c

Calculating and Graphing Glucose, Insulin, and GFR HASPI Medical Biology Activity 19c Calculating and Graphing Glucose, Insulin, and GFR HASPI Medical Biology Activity 19c Name: Period: Date: Part A Background The Pancreas and Insulin The following background information has been provided

More information

Is Insulin Effecting Your Weight Loss and Your Health?

Is Insulin Effecting Your Weight Loss and Your Health? Is Insulin Effecting Your Weight Loss and Your Health? Teressa Alexander, M.D., FACOG Women s Healthcare Associates www.rushcopley.com/whca 630-978-6886 Obesity is Epidemic in the US 2/3rds of U.S. adults

More information

Diabetes, Type 2. RelayClinical Patient Education Sample Topic Diabetes, Type 2. What is type 2 diabetes? How does it occur?

Diabetes, Type 2. RelayClinical Patient Education Sample Topic Diabetes, Type 2. What is type 2 diabetes? How does it occur? What is type 2 diabetes? Type 2 diabetes is a disorder that happens when your body does not make enough insulin or is unable to use its own insulin properly. The inability to use insulin is called insulin

More information

Diabetes and exercise

Diabetes and exercise Diabetes and exercise Summary Symptoms of hypoglycaemia are caused by low blood sugar. Hypoglycaemia can occur if you take your diabetes medication and then do not eat enough or exercise more than usual.

More information

Other Noninfectious Diseases. Chapter 31 Lesson 3

Other Noninfectious Diseases. Chapter 31 Lesson 3 Other Noninfectious Diseases Chapter 31 Lesson 3 Diabetes Diabetes- a chronic disease that affects the way body cells convert food into energy. Diabetes is the seventh leading cause of death by disease

More information

Benefits of exercise:

Benefits of exercise: Exercise makes your blood sugar go down! Your body needs to be active! Exercise is a part of good diabetes care Benefits of exercise: Exercise makes your blood sugar go down Helps to keep your blood pressure

More information

Eating Well with Diabetes. Cassie Vanderwall UW Health Nutrition Registered Dietitian Certified Personal Trainer Certified Diabetes Educator

Eating Well with Diabetes. Cassie Vanderwall UW Health Nutrition Registered Dietitian Certified Personal Trainer Certified Diabetes Educator Eating Well with Diabetes Cassie Vanderwall UW Health Nutrition Registered Dietitian Certified Personal Trainer Certified Diabetes Educator Outline What is Diabetes? Diabetes Self-Management Eating Well

More information

Diabetes Brief. Pre diabetes occurs when glucose levels are elevated in the blood, but are not as high as someone who has diabetes.

Diabetes Brief. Pre diabetes occurs when glucose levels are elevated in the blood, but are not as high as someone who has diabetes. Diabetes Brief What is Diabetes? Diabetes mellitus is a disease of abnormal carbohydrate metabolism in which the level of blood glucose, or blood sugar, is above normal. The disease occurs when the body

More information

Learn about Diabetes. Your Guide to Diabetes: Type 1 and Type 2. You can learn how to take care of your diabetes.

Learn about Diabetes. Your Guide to Diabetes: Type 1 and Type 2. You can learn how to take care of your diabetes. Learn about Diabetes You can learn how to take care of your diabetes and prevent some of the serious problems diabetes can cause. The more you know, the better you can manage your diabetes. Share this

More information

Feeling Better, Living Healthier With Diabetes

Feeling Better, Living Healthier With Diabetes Feeling Better, Living Healthier With Diabetes A guide for self management 761 S. Nelson Ave. Wilmington, Ohio 45177 (937) 382-9307 www.cmhregional.com What is Diabetes? Those who have diabetes are often

More information

DIABETES CARE. Advice. Blood Pressure. Cholesterol. Diabetes control. Eyes. Feet. Guardian Drugs

DIABETES CARE. Advice. Blood Pressure. Cholesterol. Diabetes control. Eyes. Feet. Guardian Drugs DIABETES CARE What happens if you follow the Alphabet Strategy? As patients reach their targets, the chances of developing serious complications of diabetes will be reduced! 1 Stroke Eye disease Heart

More information

THE PRAKASAM DISTRICT DIABETES PREVENTION PROGRAM. Booklet on Diabetes. Supported by World Diabetes Foundation

THE PRAKASAM DISTRICT DIABETES PREVENTION PROGRAM. Booklet on Diabetes. Supported by World Diabetes Foundation THE PRAKASAM DISTRICT DIABETES PREVENTION PROGRAM Booklet on Diabetes Supported by World Diabetes Foundation Implemented by International Center for Advancement of Rural Eye Care (ICARE) L V Prasad Eye

More information

This information explains the advice about type 2 diabetes in adults that is set out in NICE guideline NG28.

This information explains the advice about type 2 diabetes in adults that is set out in NICE guideline NG28. Information for the public Published: 2 December 2015 nice.org.uk About this information NICE guidelines provide advice on the care and support that should be offered to people who use health and care

More information

Type 2 Diabetes Type 2 Diabetes

Type 2 Diabetes Type 2 Diabetes Pennington Nutrition Series Healthier lives through education in nutrition and preventive medicine Pub No. 33 Type 2 is the most common form of diabetes. In this form, the body does not produce enough

More information

Diabetes mellitus is a chronic condition that occurs as a result of problems with the production and/or action of insulin in the body.

Diabetes mellitus is a chronic condition that occurs as a result of problems with the production and/or action of insulin in the body. International Diabetes Federation Diabetes Background Information Diabetes mellitus is a chronic condition that occurs as a result of problems with the production and/or action of insulin in the body.

More information

Type 1 diabetes Definition

Type 1 diabetes Definition Type 1 diabetes Definition Type 1 diabetes is a chronic (lifelong) disease that occurs when the pancreas does not produce enough insulin to properly control blood sugar levels. Causes There are several

More information

Steroid Induced Diabetes

Steroid Induced Diabetes What is high blood sugar (hyperglycemia)? Hyperglycemia is a high level of sugar in the blood. Blood sugar is also called glucose. Some people are unable to process the sugar that is found in food and

More information

N E B R A S K A JAIL BULLETIN NUMBER 102 OCTOBER 1993

N E B R A S K A JAIL BULLETIN NUMBER 102 OCTOBER 1993 N E B R A S K A JAIL BULLETIN NUMBER 102 OCTOBER 1993 The Jail Bulletin is a monthly feature of the Crime Commission Update. The Bulletin may be used as a supplement to your jail in-service training program

More information

If diabetes is not treated it can cause long-term health problems because the high glucose levels in the blood damage the blood vessels.

If diabetes is not treated it can cause long-term health problems because the high glucose levels in the blood damage the blood vessels. INFORMATION FOR PEOPLE WITH DIABETES Diabetes Diabetes mellitus is a chronic condition caused by too much glucose (sugar) in your blood. Your blood sugar level can be too high if your body does not make

More information

how to control blood glucose during PREGNANCY?

how to control blood glucose during PREGNANCY? how to control blood glucose during PREGNANCY? one HOW THE BODY WORKS DURING PREGNANCY During all pregnancies, the placenta makes a called human placental lactogen which allows the baby to grow and develop.

More information

Type 2 Diabetes. Increase of diabetic complications as HAIC increases

Type 2 Diabetes. Increase of diabetic complications as HAIC increases Type 2 Diabetes Diabetes is a disease of too much sugar (glucose) in the blood. Type 2 diabetes is caused by insulin resistance of the cells and abnormal insulin production by the pancreas. Insulin is

More information

Exercise & Diabetes. A charity supporting and listening to people who live with diabetes. HELPLINE: 01604 622837 www.iddtinternational.

Exercise & Diabetes. A charity supporting and listening to people who live with diabetes. HELPLINE: 01604 622837 www.iddtinternational. Exercise & Diabetes A charity supporting and listening to people who live with diabetes HELPLINE: 01604 622837 www.iddtinternational.org The Trust offers support, understanding and information to people

More information

Self-care guide for people with diabetes

Self-care guide for people with diabetes Self-care guide for people with diabetes English Version Supported by an unrestricted grant from 1 When the diagnosis is diabetes..................03 What is diabetes?............................04 What

More information

Getting the Big Picture

Getting the Big Picture About Diabetes This health information is being provided for general educational purposes only. Your health care provider is the single best source of information regarding your health. Please consult

More information

Diabetes and Heart Disease

Diabetes and Heart Disease Diabetes and Heart Disease Diabetes and Heart Disease According to the American Heart Association, diabetes is one of the six major risk factors of cardiovascular disease. Affecting more than 7% of the

More information

Diabetes. Rochester Recreation Club for the Deaf January 21, 2010

Diabetes. Rochester Recreation Club for the Deaf January 21, 2010 Diabetes Rochester Recreation Club for the Deaf January 21, 2010 Supporters Deaf Health Community Committee Members Cathie Armstrong Michael McKee Mistie Cramer Matt Starr Patrick Sullivan University of

More information

Diabetes 101: A Brief Overview of Diabetes and the American Diabetes Association What Happens When We Eat?

Diabetes 101: A Brief Overview of Diabetes and the American Diabetes Association What Happens When We Eat? Diabetes 101: A Brief Overview of Diabetes and the American Diabetes Association What Happens When We Eat? After eating, most food is turned into glucose, the body s main source of energy. 1 Normal Blood

More information

Diabetes mellitus. Lecture Outline

Diabetes mellitus. Lecture Outline Diabetes mellitus Lecture Outline I. Diagnosis II. Epidemiology III. Causes of diabetes IV. Health Problems and Diabetes V. Treating Diabetes VI. Physical activity and diabetes 1 Diabetes Disorder characterized

More information

UNDERSTANDING AND LEARNING ABOUT STUDENT HEALTH

UNDERSTANDING AND LEARNING ABOUT STUDENT HEALTH Teacher Workshop Curriculum UNDERSTANDING AND LEARNING ABOUT STUDENT HEALTH Written by Meg Sullivan, MD with help from Marina Catallozzi, MD, Pam Haller MDiv, MPH, and Erica Gibson, MD UNDERSTANDING AND

More information

Introduction. We hope this guide will aide you and your staff in creating a safe and supportive environment for your students challenged by diabetes.

Introduction. We hope this guide will aide you and your staff in creating a safe and supportive environment for your students challenged by diabetes. Introduction Diabetes is a chronic disease that affects the body s ability to metabolize food. The body converts much of the food we eat into glucose, the body s main source of energy. Glucose is carried

More information

Physical Activity and Weight Control

Physical Activity and Weight Control Physical Activity and Weight Control WIN Weight-control Information Network U.S. Department of Health and Human Services NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH Physical Activity and Weight Control Physical activity

More information

My life with Type 2-diabetes. English

My life with Type 2-diabetes. English My life with Type 2-diabetes English 1 What is type 2 diabetes Diabetes is a disease where you have increased sugar content in the blood. If you have type 2-diabetes, you lack the ability of exploiting

More information

Borgess Diabetes Center PATIENT REGISTRATION/DEMOGRAPHICS

Borgess Diabetes Center PATIENT REGISTRATION/DEMOGRAPHICS Borgess Diabetes Center PATIENT REGISTRATION/DEMOGRAPHICS Please complete the following form by filling in the blanks or by circling the answer provided. Last Name: First Name M.I. Address: City, State,

More information

Managing children and the young person with diabetes at school. A England September 2009

Managing children and the young person with diabetes at school. A England September 2009 Managing children and the young person with diabetes at school. A England September 2009 To establish the principles of managing Diabetes Mellitus Discuss the types of diabetes To inform/update staff of

More information

WHAT IS THE CORE RECOMMENDATION OF THE ACSM/AHA PHYSICAL ACTIVITY GUIDELINES?

WHAT IS THE CORE RECOMMENDATION OF THE ACSM/AHA PHYSICAL ACTIVITY GUIDELINES? PHYSICAL ACTIVITY AND PUBLIC HEALTH GUIDELINES FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS AND FACT SHEET PHYSICAL ACTIVITY FOR THE HEALTHY ADULT WHAT IS THE CORE RECOMMENDATION OF THE ACSM/AHA PHYSICAL ACTIVITY GUIDELINES?

More information

written by Harvard Medical School Insulin Therapy Managing Your Diabetes www.patientedu.org

written by Harvard Medical School Insulin Therapy Managing Your Diabetes www.patientedu.org written by Harvard Medical School Insulin Therapy Managing Your Diabetes www.patientedu.org What Is Insulin? The cells of your body need energy and one source of energy is sugar in your blood. Insulin

More information

Myths About Type 2 Diabetes and Insulin

Myths About Type 2 Diabetes and Insulin About Diabetes This health information is being provided for general educational purposes only. Your health care provider is the single best source of information regarding your health. Please consult

More information

Managing Diabetes in the Athletic Population

Managing Diabetes in the Athletic Population Managing Diabetes in the Athletic Population Michael Prybicien, LA, ATC, CSCS, CES, PES Athletic Trainer, Passaic High School Overlook Medical Center & Adjunct Faculty, William Paterson University Dedicated

More information

Diabetes and the Workplace

Diabetes and the Workplace Diabetes and the Workplace Table of Contents Diabetes and the Workplace... 1 Diabetes Mellitus and the Workplace... 1 What Is Diabetes?... 1 Diabetes in the Body... 3 Types of Diabetes... 4 Complications

More information

Diabetes and Stroke. Understanding the connection between diabetes and the increased risk of stroke

Diabetes and Stroke. Understanding the connection between diabetes and the increased risk of stroke Diabetes and Stroke Understanding the connection between diabetes and the increased risk of stroke Make the Connection Almost 26 million people in the U.S. roughly 8 percent of the population have diabetes.

More information

METABOLIC SYNDROME. Rebecca Rovay-Hazelton, Licensed Nutritionist

METABOLIC SYNDROME. Rebecca Rovay-Hazelton, Licensed Nutritionist METABOLIC SYNDROME Rebecca Rovay-Hazelton, Licensed Nutritionist Blood Sugar Basics Glucose=a simple sugar used for energy from diet, primarily starches, sugar and carbohydrate Insulin=a hormone made in

More information

Department Of Biochemistry. Subject: Diabetes Mellitus. Supervisor: Dr.Hazim Allawi & Dr.Omar Akram Prepared by : Shahad Ismael. 2 nd stage.

Department Of Biochemistry. Subject: Diabetes Mellitus. Supervisor: Dr.Hazim Allawi & Dr.Omar Akram Prepared by : Shahad Ismael. 2 nd stage. Department Of Biochemistry Subject: Diabetes Mellitus Supervisor: Dr.Hazim Allawi & Dr.Omar Akram Prepared by : Shahad Ismael. 2 nd stage. Diabetes mellitus : Type 1 & Type 2 What is diabestes mellitus?

More information

Using Family History to Improve Your Health Web Quest Abstract

Using Family History to Improve Your Health Web Quest Abstract Web Quest Abstract Students explore the Using Family History to Improve Your Health module on the Genetic Science Learning Center website to complete a web quest. Learning Objectives Chronic diseases such

More information

Diabetes means you have too much sugar in

Diabetes means you have too much sugar in WHAT IS DIABETES? Diabetes means you have too much sugar in your blood. The medical word for sugar in the blood or blood sugar is glucose, but most people just say sugar. Your body changes most of the

More information

Preventing Type 2 Diabetes and Its Complications

Preventing Type 2 Diabetes and Its Complications What is Diabetes? Preventing Type 2 Diabetes and Its Complications Diabetes is a chronic medical condition resulting in high blood sugar (glucose) levels in the blood. High blood sugar over years may cause

More information

alcohol & diabetes Talking diabetes No.01 Revised 2012

alcohol & diabetes Talking diabetes No.01 Revised 2012 Talking diabetes No.01 Revised 2012 alcohol & diabetes In Australia, drinking alcohol is generally acceptable and for many people is a normal part of social events. However, for as long as alcohol has

More information

Know Your Numbers. The Five-Point Plan

Know Your Numbers. The Five-Point Plan The Five-Point Plan Know Your Numbers 2 My husband didn t even know he had diabetes until he had a heart attack. Lupe Ontiveros Actress on Desperate Housewives 13 What does it mean to Know Your Numbers?

More information

Starting insulin for people with type 2 diabetes

Starting insulin for people with type 2 diabetes Starting insulin for people with type 2 diabetes What you need to know Contents Page Why do I need insulin? 3 What does insulin do? 4 Why are there different types of insulin? 4 How do I take insulin?

More information

Blood Glucose Management

Blood Glucose Management Blood Glucose Management What Influences Blood Sugar Levels? There are three main things that influence your blood sugar: Nutrition Exercise Medication What Influences Blood Sugar Levels? NUTRITION 4 Meal

More information

Type 1 Diabetes ( Juvenile Diabetes)

Type 1 Diabetes ( Juvenile Diabetes) Type 1 Diabetes W ( Juvenile Diabetes) hat is Type 1 Diabetes? Type 1 diabetes, also known as juvenile-onset diabetes, is one of the three main forms of diabetes affecting millions of people worldwide.

More information

Eating Guidelines for Diabetes

Eating Guidelines for Diabetes Eating Guidleines Chronic Nutrition Fact Sheets Introduction If you have both diabetes and Chronic (CKD), it may seem that the diabetes and kidney diets don t fit well together. However, with careful planning,

More information

WHAT DOES DYSMETABOLIC SYNDROME MEAN?

WHAT DOES DYSMETABOLIC SYNDROME MEAN? ! WHAT DOES DYSMETABOLIC SYNDROME MEAN? Dysmetabolic syndrome (also referred to as syndrome X, insulin resistance syndrome, and metabolic syndrome ) is a condition in which a group of risk factors for

More information

Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM)

Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM) Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM) Tena koutou katoa, Kia orana, Talofa lava, Malo e lelei, Fakaalofa lahi atu, Taloha Ni, Ni Sa Bula Vinaka, Greetings and Welcome to National Women's Gestational Diabetes

More information

WHAT IS DIABETES MELLITUS? CAUSES AND CONSEQUENCES. Living your life as normal as possible

WHAT IS DIABETES MELLITUS? CAUSES AND CONSEQUENCES. Living your life as normal as possible WHAT IS DIABETES MELLITUS? CAUSES AND CONSEQUENCES DEDBT01954 Lilly Deutschland GmbH Werner-Reimers-Straße 2-4 61352 Bad Homburg Living your life as normal as possible www.lilly-pharma.de www.lilly-diabetes.de

More information

Diabetes 101. Lifestyle Recommendations to Manage Diabetes. Cassie Vanderwall. Licensed, Registered Dietitian Certified Personal Trainer

Diabetes 101. Lifestyle Recommendations to Manage Diabetes. Cassie Vanderwall. Licensed, Registered Dietitian Certified Personal Trainer Diabetes 101 Lifestyle Recommendations to Manage Diabetes Cassie Vanderwall Licensed, Registered Dietitian Certified Personal Trainer Diabetes 101- Outline What is Diabetes? What can I do to control Diabetes?

More information

I have type 2 diabetes

I have type 2 diabetes Bolujem od dijabetesa tip 2 I have type 2 diabetes Questions and answers Pitanja i odgovori What does having diabetes mean? When you find out that you have diabetes, it iscompletely natural to react with

More information

Cardiac Rehabilitation

Cardiac Rehabilitation Cardiac Rehabilitation Exercise and Education Program Always thinking. Always caring. Cardiac Rehabilitation Dear Patient: Cardiac rehabilitation is an important part of your recovery. Our progressive

More information

Diabetes. 2. Types. Permafold Topics. What You Need To Know. One test used to diagnose diabetes is a fasting blood glucose test.

Diabetes. 2. Types. Permafold Topics. What You Need To Know. One test used to diagnose diabetes is a fasting blood glucose test. 1. What Is Diabetes? Diabetes is often called having too much sugar. It is too much sugar (glucose) in the blood and not enough in the body s cells. Glucose needs to get into the cells to be used for energy.

More information

The Diabetes Epidemic

The Diabetes Epidemic The Diabetes Epidemic O 2118 Wilshire Blvd. Ste. 723 O Santa Monica, California 90403 O www.susandopart.com O susan@susandopart.com What to look for and how you can help your clients O 310-828-4476 Trends

More information

Department of Health Commencing insulin therapy

Department of Health Commencing insulin therapy Department of Health Commencing insulin therapy Great state. Great opportunity. State of Queensland (Queensland Health) 2008 2013 This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution No Derivatives

More information

Myth vs. Reality: Diabetes Related

Myth vs. Reality: Diabetes Related Myth: Only medication can control my diabetes. Reality: Lifestyle changes such as good nutrition, increased physical activity, weight loss and limiting alcohol/cigarette consumption can have a positive

More information

An Overview and Guide to Healthy Living with Type 2 Diabetes

An Overview and Guide to Healthy Living with Type 2 Diabetes MEETING YOUR GOALS An Overview and Guide to Healthy Living with Type 2 Diabetes MEETING YOUR GOALS This brochure was designed to help you understand the health goals to live a healthy lifestyle with type

More information

Faculty. Program Objectives. Introducing the Problem. Diabetes is a Silent Killer. Minorities at Greater Risk of Having Type 2 Diabetes

Faculty. Program Objectives. Introducing the Problem. Diabetes is a Silent Killer. Minorities at Greater Risk of Having Type 2 Diabetes Diabetes: The Basics Understanding and Managing Diabetes (Part 1 of 3) Satellite Conference Tuesday, October 18, 2005 2:00-4:00 p.m. (Central Time) Produced by the Alabama Department of Public Health Video

More information