TRADING STRATEGIES FOR DERIVATIVES MARKET

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "TRADING STRATEGIES FOR DERIVATIVES MARKET"

Transcription

1 TRADING STRATEGIES FOR DERIVATIVES MARKET 1

2 AGENDA Definition of Derivatives Origin of Derivatives Basic types of Derivatives Benefits of Trading Derivatives Trading Strategies 2

3 Definition of Derivatives 3

4 Definition of Derivatives Derivatives are financial instruments which are derived from some underlying commodity or asset. Derivatives are financial contracts that are designed to create market price exposure to changes in an underlying asset or event (eg. Forward contracts) they do not involve the exchange or transfer of principal or title their purpose is to capture, in the form of price changes, some underlying price change or event Derivatives have been responsible for the creation of trillions of dollars of wealth and also equally responsible for destroying large capital. The key therefore lies in judicious use of these instruments and consider them as Hedge Instruments rather than Trading products. 4

5 Origin of Derivatives The first known instance of derivatives trading dates to 2000 B.C. when merchants, in what is now called Bahrain Island in the Arab Gulf, made consignment transactions for goods to be sold in India. Derivatives trading, dating back to the same era, also occurred in Mesopotamia (Swan, 1993). A more literary reference comes around 400 BC from Aristotle tl who discussed a case of market manipulation. Aristotle's in his book Politics. tells the story of Thales, a poor philosopher from Miletus who made agreements with local olive-press owners to deposit his money with them to guarantee him exclusive use of their olive presses when the harvest was ready. 5

6 Basic types of Derivatives Forward Contract is a customized contract between two parties to buy or sell a specified amount of currency/commodity at a specified price for a specific future date. Advantage Simple, liquid and requires no outlay of funds upfront. Disadvantage No participation in market volatility Profit and loss only crystallized on due date Importer: Opportunity profit unlimited / opportunity loss limited (Exporter: Vice-Versa) Example : X sells EUR 565,000 against MUR for value 31 st August 2011 at

7 Basic types of Derivatives A futures contract is an exchange traded, standardized contract that represents an agreement to buy or sell a quantity of asset/currency at a fixed price on a predetermined delivery date. One of the parties to the contract is the Exchange. Futures are suitable for companies that require commodities or near commodities traded on exchange at a predetermined fixed price. The exchange plays the role of mediating party, lowering the risk of defaulting significantly. Futures lock the buyer to a fixed price with potential loss of opportunity to save if the market prices fall. 7

8 Basic types of Derivatives GBOT ( Global Board of Trade ) set up in Mauritius offers the following derivative products currently Currency Pairs : EUR/USD, GBP/USD, Commodity Futures : Gold, WTI Crude Oil 8

9 Basic types of Derivatives An option buyer has the right but not the obligation to buy or sell a specific asset, at a specific price, at a certain future date and time The buyer of the option pays a premium to the option writer to induce him to accept the risk associated with the contract. It can also be Z buys a EUR Put / JPY Call strike for 2 weeks 9

10 Basic types of Derivatives Swaps: Swaps are an arrangement between two parties to exchange flows in the future according to a prearranged formula. The two commonly used swaps are: Interest rate swaps relates to interest related cash flows Currency swaps relates to both the principal and interest related cash flows with multiple currencies To convert an investment (asset) from: a fixed rate to floating rate. a floating rate to fixed rate. To convert an investment (asset) from: a fixed rate to floating rate. a floating rate to fixed rate. 10

11 Basic types of Derivatives A is currently paying floating, but wants to pay fixed. B is currently paying fixed but wants to pay floating. By entering into an interest rate swap, the net result is that each party can 'swap' their existing obligation for their desired obligation To convert an investment (asset) from: a fixed rate to floating rate. a floating rate to fixed rate. To convert an investment (asset) from: a fixed rate to floating rate. a floating rate to fixed rate. 11

12 Futures vs Forward Contracts Features Futures Forwards Size of Contract Standardized Tailored to Individual Needs Maturity 3rd Wednesday of March, June, September & December Tailored to Individual Needs Transaction Mode Trading on exchange through Bank or Broker Telephone Commissions None; spread between Bid and Ask rates Brokerage or Bank Charge Security Initial Margin & Margin Calls Credit Line Regulation Exchange Supervisory Banking Act Delivery Generallyreversed reversed before maturity. Few GenerallyActualDelivery Delivery. Few Delivery Reversed 12

13 Benefits of Trading Derivatives 13

14 Benefits of Trading Derivatives Price Discovery o Futures market prices depend on a continuous flow of information from around the world o Require high degree of transparency o Broad range of factors impact supply and demand o This kind of information and the way people absorb b it constantly changes the price of an underlying asset. o Underlying assets can be geographically dispersed o Price of all futures contracts serve as prices that can be accepted by those who trade the contracts in lieu of facing the risk of uncertain future prices 14

15 Benefits of Trading Derivatives Risk Management o This could be the most important purpose of the derivatives market. o Centralized counter party reduces default risk o It is the process of identifying the desired level of risk, identifying the actual level of risk and altering the latter to equal the former. o Mauritian Exporters are exposed to vagaries of Exchange rate fluctuations. Seen a range of 45 to 38 over the last few years. o Imports getting costlier with USD appreciating over the years particularly hitting a high of 34/35 in 2010, with a range of 25 to 35 in the last 5 years. o No correlation in the adjustment t of EUR/MUR prices from the majors prices. 15

16 USD / MUR LAST 5 YEARS 16

17 EUR / MUR LAST 5 YEARS 17

18 EUR / MUR LAST 5 YEARS 18

19 EUR / MUR USD/MUR 19

20 Benefits of Trading Derivatives Market Efficiency o Brings all market players together o Transparency helps improve the spreads. o Those companies, Banks who find it difficult to get a counterparty, get a centralized counterpart for price efficiency and settlement efficiency o Reduces market transaction costs 20

21 Benefits of Trading Derivatives CERTAINITY TO BUSINESS COSTS Determine business exposure to market movements Estimate potential impact on profitability if exposure is left unhedged Identify hedging strategy No Hedge/Full Hedge/Partial Hedge Identify hedging instruments Recognize if the instrument accurately tracks the exposure Estimate potential gains and losses from the hedge Get management buy-in especially on the losses if hedge does not work 21

22 Trading Strategies 22

23 Trading Strategies Plan your Trades. You must devote time to study your chosen market, decide whether the prevailing trend is up or down, what timescale this trend is over and where the points of support and resistance are. Youhavetoplanwhereyouaregoingtobuyorsell,whereto place your stop loss and most importantly where to exit the trade. Once the trade is planned and executed, you must show discipline you made the trade for a good reason with solid justification, so any changes need equally solid justification. Don t let your Losses Run and Closing Winners Too Early Avoid Chasing Losses by compounding Don t overtrade : Traders get addicted to the thrill of markets and take positions without planning, just to be playing in the market. 23

24 Trading Strategies Overtrading Everyone loves the thrill of placing a trade and entering the market many traders tend to overtrade, placing too many trades that t haven t been planned properly just to be in the game and part of the action. Staking Too Much Money management is the key to real success too many traders risk far too much of their trading pot on each trade, looking for the big win rather than gradual and controlled growth through smaller more manageable trades. If you go seeking the big win, more often than not you will end up finding the big loss and then its game over. 24

25 Trading Strategies Do not buy / sell all of your required quantity at a time. Buy in certain units. If you desire to buy 500 units, buy/sell 100 at a time so that you can have fund to buy if the shares are available at better rates. Do not buy when the whole world is talking about bulliah markets. J.F.Kenedy once said that when the shoe shine boy on the street corner says to buy, it is time to sell. An intense Trader would prefer to buy when there is Blood in the Market Do not square off at a very low profit. Try to earn substantial profit. This strategy will help you when you are about to make a substantial loss. Do not do the next transaction in the same item at a very narrow interval of profit. Try to get at least 5 % gain. 25

26 GBP/USD LAST 5 YEARS 26

27 GOLD LAST 5 YEARS 27

28 CRUDE OIL LAST 5 YEARS 28

29 UNDERSTANDING FOREX MARKETS This $3.21 trillion in main foreign exchange market turnover per day Spot: 1.05b Forwards: 0.400b Swaps: 1.8b [Derivatives contributed to 75% of the volumes] London :34%, New York :26%, Tokyo : 8% 29 Other centers made up for the remainder

30 MARKET PLAYERS Banks The interbank market caters for both the majority of commercial turnover and large amounts of speculative trading every day. Central Banks National central banks play an important role in the foreign exchange markets. Commercial Companies An important part of this market comes from the financial activitiesities of companies seeking foreign exchange to pay for goods or services. 30

31 MARKET PLAYERS CENTRAL BANKS - The mere expectation or rumour of central bank intervention might be enough to stabilize a currency, but aggressive intervention might be used several times each year in countries with a dirty float currency regime. 31

32 Trading Strategies 32

33 33

NEW TO FOREX? FOREIGN EXCHANGE RATE SYSTEMS There are basically two types of exchange rate systems:

NEW TO FOREX? FOREIGN EXCHANGE RATE SYSTEMS There are basically two types of exchange rate systems: NEW TO FOREX? WHAT IS FOREIGN EXCHANGE Foreign Exchange (FX or Forex) is one of the largest and most liquid financial markets in the world. According to the authoritative Triennial Central Bank Survey

More information

1. HOW DOES FOREIGN EXCHANGE TRADING WORK?

1. HOW DOES FOREIGN EXCHANGE TRADING WORK? XV. Important additional information on forex transactions / risks associated with foreign exchange transactions (also in the context of forward exchange transactions) The following information is given

More information

The foreign exchange market is global, and it is conducted over-the-counter (OTC)

The foreign exchange market is global, and it is conducted over-the-counter (OTC) FOREIGN EXCHANGE BASICS TERMS USED IN FOREX TRADING: The foreign exchange market is global, and it is conducted over-the-counter (OTC) through the use of electronic trading platforms, or by telephone through

More information

CURRENCY FUTURES IN INDIA WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO CURRENCY FUTURES TRADED AT NSE

CURRENCY FUTURES IN INDIA WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO CURRENCY FUTURES TRADED AT NSE CURRENCY FUTURES IN INDIA WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO CURRENCY FUTURES TRADED AT NSE Vinayak R. Gramopadhye Assistant professor, ASM s Institute of International Business and Research, Pimpri, Pune-18 Abstract

More information

3. The Foreign Exchange Market

3. The Foreign Exchange Market 3. The Foreign Exchange Market The foreign exchange market provides the physical and institutional structure through which the money of one country is exchanged for that of another country, the rate of

More information

CURRENCY TRADER. Currency Trading. Introduction to currency futures. What are currency futures?

CURRENCY TRADER. Currency Trading. Introduction to currency futures. What are currency futures? Introduction to currency futures The South African Rand is one of the most volatile currencies in the world; it can exhibit moves of greater than 0.20c in a single day of trading versus the US dollar.

More information

OTC Derivatives: Benefits to U.S. Companies

OTC Derivatives: Benefits to U.S. Companies OTC Derivatives: Benefits to U.S. Companies International Swaps and Derivatives Association May 2009 1 What are derivatives? Derivatives are financial instruments that: Transfer risk from one party to

More information

Chapter 16: Financial Risk Management

Chapter 16: Financial Risk Management Chapter 16: Financial Risk Management Introduction Overview of Financial Risk Management in Treasury Interest Rate Risk Foreign Exchange (FX) Risk Commodity Price Risk Managing Financial Risk The Benefits

More information

Module 10 Foreign Exchange Contracts: Swaps and Options

Module 10 Foreign Exchange Contracts: Swaps and Options Module 10 Foreign Exchange Contracts: Swaps and Options Developed by: Dr. Prabina Rajib Associate Professor (Finance & Accounts) Vinod Gupta School of Management IIT Kharagpur, 721 302 Email: prabina@vgsom.iitkgp.ernet.in

More information

INR Volatility - Hedging Options & Effective Strategies

INR Volatility - Hedging Options & Effective Strategies INR Volatility - Hedging Options & Effective Strategies The purpose of the article is to draw attention on the recent volatility in Indian Rupee, various hedging options and effective hedging strategies.

More information

Manual for SOA Exam FM/CAS Exam 2.

Manual for SOA Exam FM/CAS Exam 2. Manual for SOA Exam FM/CAS Exam 2. Chapter 7. Derivative markets. c 2009. Miguel A. Arcones. All rights reserved. Extract from: Arcones Manual for the SOA Exam FM/CAS Exam 2, Financial Mathematics. Fall

More information

OPTIONS EDUCATION GLOBAL

OPTIONS EDUCATION GLOBAL OPTIONS EDUCATION GLOBAL TABLE OF CONTENTS Introduction What are FX Options? Trading 101 ITM, ATM and OTM Options Trading Strategies Glossary Contact Information 3 5 6 8 9 10 16 HIGH RISK WARNING: Before

More information

PROFITEERING IN THE GLOBAL FOREX MARKET. -Presentation by R.K.Gurumurthy -Treasurer, Bank One Ltd

PROFITEERING IN THE GLOBAL FOREX MARKET. -Presentation by R.K.Gurumurthy -Treasurer, Bank One Ltd PROFITEERING IN THE GLOBAL FOREX MARKET -Presentation by R.K.Gurumurthy -Treasurer, Bank One Ltd The story of a successful trader 2 The story of a successful trader trader 3 The story of a successful trader

More information

Seminar. Global Foreign Exchange Markets Chapter 9. Copyright 2013 Pearson Education. 20 Kasım 13 Çarşamba

Seminar. Global Foreign Exchange Markets Chapter 9. Copyright 2013 Pearson Education. 20 Kasım 13 Çarşamba Seminar Global Foreign Exchange Markets Chapter 9 9- Learning Objectives To learn the fundamentals of foreign exchange To identify the major characteristics of the foreign-exchange market and how governments

More information

Chapter 4 - The Foreign Exchange Market. Functions of the FX Market

Chapter 4 - The Foreign Exchange Market. Functions of the FX Market Chapter 4 - The Foreign Exchange Market Market Structure and Roles Volume and distribution by Country, Currencies Who trades with Whom Introduction to different kinds of Foreign Exchange contracts Spot,

More information

Currency Derivatives Guide

Currency Derivatives Guide Currency Derivatives Guide What are Futures? In finance, a futures contract (futures) is a standardised contract between two parties to buy or sell a specified asset of standardised quantity and quality

More information

RISK DISCLOSURE STATEMENT PRODUCT INFORMATION

RISK DISCLOSURE STATEMENT PRODUCT INFORMATION This statement sets out the risks in trading certain products between Newedge Group ( NEWEDGE ) and the client (the Client ). The Client should note that other risks will apply when trading in emerging

More information

The purpose of this ebook is to introduce newcomers to the forex marketplace and CMTRADING. Remember that trading in forex is inherently risky, and

The purpose of this ebook is to introduce newcomers to the forex marketplace and CMTRADING. Remember that trading in forex is inherently risky, and The purpose of this ebook is to introduce newcomers to the forex marketplace and CMTRADING. Remember that trading in forex is inherently risky, and you can lose money as well as make money. Manage your

More information

Forex Hedge Accounting Treatment

Forex Hedge Accounting Treatment OANDA FX Consulting Forex Hedge Accounting Treatment Foreign Exchange Management Creating Cost and Revenue Certainty OANDA Corporation Revision 1.5 - 2 - Table of Contents Introduction... 3 Why Hedge?...

More information

What is Forex Trading?

What is Forex Trading? What is Forex Trading? Foreign exchange, commonly known as Forex or FX, is the exchange of one currency for another at an agreed exchange price on the over-the-counter (OTC) market. Forex is the world

More information

FX Options NASDAQ OMX

FX Options NASDAQ OMX FX Options OPTIONS DISCLOSURE For the sake of simplicity, the examples that follow do not take into consideration commissions and other transaction fees, tax considerations, or margin requirements, which

More information

FOREIGN EXCHANGE RISK MANAGEMENT

FOREIGN EXCHANGE RISK MANAGEMENT CHAPTER - VII CHAPTER - VII FOREIGN EXCHANGE RISK MANAGEMENT INTRODUCTION DEFINITION & MEANING EXPOSURE IN FOREIGN EXCHANGE > TRANSACTION EXPOSURES > TRANSLATION EXPOSURES > OPERATING EXPOSURES MANAGING

More information

FxPro Education. Introduction to FX markets

FxPro Education. Introduction to FX markets FxPro Education Within any economy, consumers and businesses use currency as a medium of exchange. In the UK, pound sterling is the national currency, while in the United States it is the US dollar. Modern

More information

PRODUCT DISCLOSURE STATEMENT FOR MARGIN FX & CONTRACTS FOR DIFFERENCE

PRODUCT DISCLOSURE STATEMENT FOR MARGIN FX & CONTRACTS FOR DIFFERENCE PRODUCT DISCLOSURE STATEMENT FOR MARGIN FX & CONTRACTS FOR DIFFERENCE This document provides important information about Margined Foreign Exchange and Contracts for Difference contracts to help you decide

More information

Important Notice. Foreign currency trading involves a substantial risk of loss and may not be suitable for all investors.

Important Notice. Foreign currency trading involves a substantial risk of loss and may not be suitable for all investors. Important Notice Foreign currency trading involves a substantial risk of loss and may not be suitable for all investors. CMS, its affiliates, employees, agents, successors, and assignees are released from

More information

General Risk Disclosure

General Risk Disclosure General Risk Disclosure Colmex Pro Ltd (hereinafter called the Company ) is an Investment Firm regulated by the Cyprus Securities and Exchange Commission (license number 123/10). This notice is provided

More information

Interest Rate Swap. Product Disclosure Statement

Interest Rate Swap. Product Disclosure Statement Interest Rate Swap Product Disclosure Statement A Product Disclosure Statement is an informative document. The purpose of a Product Disclosure Statement is to provide you with enough information to allow

More information

Advanced forms of currency swaps

Advanced forms of currency swaps Advanced forms of currency swaps Basis swaps Basis swaps involve swapping one floating index rate for another. Banks may need to use basis swaps to arrange a currency swap for the customers. Example A

More information

Guide to managing commodity risk

Guide to managing commodity risk Guide to managing commodity risk October 2012 ISBN: 978-1-921742-33-0 CPA Australia Ltd ( CPA Australia ) is one of the world s largest accounting bodies representing more than 139,000 members of the financial,

More information

International Finance Prof. A. K. Misra Department of Management Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur

International Finance Prof. A. K. Misra Department of Management Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur International Finance Prof. A. K. Misra Department of Management Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur Lecture - 7 Features of Foreign Exchange Market Good morning, today we will discuss features of

More information

MARGIN FOREIGN EXCHANGE AND FOREIGN EXCHANGE OPTIONS

MARGIN FOREIGN EXCHANGE AND FOREIGN EXCHANGE OPTIONS CLIENT SERVICE AGREEMENT Halifax New Zealand Limited Client Service Agreement Product Disclosure Statement for MARGIN FOREIGN EXCHANGE AND FOREIGN EXCHANGE OPTIONS Halifax New Zealand Limited Financial

More information

INTRODUCTION TO FOREIGN EXCHANGE

INTRODUCTION TO FOREIGN EXCHANGE INTRODUCTION TO FOREIGN EXCHANGE Capademy Tutorial Series Option Banque Training Series Vol. 1 The foreign exchange market known as forex for short is the market in which currencies or sovereign money

More information

The Danish Foreign-Exchange Market

The Danish Foreign-Exchange Market 33 The Danish Foreign-Exchange Market by Henrik Smed Krabbe, Market Operations Department and Lisbeth Stausholm Pedersen, Economics Department The foreign-exchange market is a market for purchase and sale

More information

MONEY MARKET FUTURES. FINANCE TRAINER International Money Market Futures / Page 1 of 22

MONEY MARKET FUTURES. FINANCE TRAINER International Money Market Futures / Page 1 of 22 MONEY MARKET FUTURES 1. Conventions and Contract Specifications... 3 2. Main Markets of Money Market Futures... 7 3. Exchange and Clearing House... 8 4. The Margin System... 9 5. Comparison: Money Market

More information

Mechanics of Foreign Exchange - money movement around the world and how different currencies will affect your profit

Mechanics of Foreign Exchange - money movement around the world and how different currencies will affect your profit Dear Business Leader, Welcome to the Business Insight Seminars an exclusive, informational series to help you gain a powerful edge in today s highly competitive business environment. Our first topic in

More information

Futures Contract Introduction

Futures Contract Introduction Futures Contract Introduction 1 The first futures exchange market was the Dojima Rice exchange in Japan in the 1730s, to meet the needs of samurai who being paid in rice and after a series of bad harvests

More information

Ch. 6 The Foreign Exchange Market. Foreign Exchange Markets. Functions of the FOREX Market

Ch. 6 The Foreign Exchange Market. Foreign Exchange Markets. Functions of the FOREX Market Ch. 6 The Foreign Exchange Market Topics FOREX (or FX) Markets FOREX Transactions FOREX Market Participants FOREX Rates & Quotations Cross Rates and Arbitrage Foreign Exchange Markets The FOREX market

More information

Foreign Exchange Market INTERNATIONAL FINANCE. Function and Structure of FX Market. Market Characteristics. Market Attributes. Trading in Markets

Foreign Exchange Market INTERNATIONAL FINANCE. Function and Structure of FX Market. Market Characteristics. Market Attributes. Trading in Markets Foreign Exchange Market INTERNATIONAL FINANCE Chapter 5 Encompasses: Conversion of purchasing power across currencies Bank deposits of foreign currency Credit denominated in foreign currency Foreign trade

More information

Introduction, Forwards and Futures

Introduction, Forwards and Futures Introduction, Forwards and Futures Liuren Wu Zicklin School of Business, Baruch College Fall, 2007 (Hull chapters: 1,2,3,5) Liuren Wu Introduction, Forwards & Futures Option Pricing, Fall, 2007 1 / 35

More information

Introduction to Equity Derivatives on Nasdaq Dubai NOT TO BE DISTRIUTED TO THIRD PARTIES WITHOUT NASDAQ DUBAI S WRITTEN CONSENT

Introduction to Equity Derivatives on Nasdaq Dubai NOT TO BE DISTRIUTED TO THIRD PARTIES WITHOUT NASDAQ DUBAI S WRITTEN CONSENT Introduction to Equity Derivatives on Nasdaq Dubai NOT TO BE DISTRIUTED TO THIRD PARTIES WITHOUT NASDAQ DUBAI S WRITTEN CONSENT CONTENTS An Exchange with Credentials (Page 3) Introduction to Derivatives»

More information

Getting Started With Forex Trading: A Forex Primer. Member NASD, NYSE, SIPC, and NFA

Getting Started With Forex Trading: A Forex Primer. Member NASD, NYSE, SIPC, and NFA Getting Started With Forex Trading: A Forex Primer Member NASD, NYSE, SIPC, and NFA 1 Important Information and Disclaimer: TradeStation Securities, Inc. seeks to serve institutional and active traders.

More information

Reference Manual Currency Options

Reference Manual Currency Options Reference Manual Currency Options TMX Group Equities Toronto Stock Exchange TSX Venture Exchange TMX Select Equicom Derivatives Montréal Exchange CDCC Montréal Climate Exchange Fixed Income Shorcan Energy

More information

THE POWER OF FOREX OPTIONS

THE POWER OF FOREX OPTIONS THE POWER OF FOREX OPTIONS TOPICS COVERED Option basics Call options Put Options Why trade options? Covered call Covered put Hedging your position using options How to repair a trading position THE POWER

More information

NATURE AND SPECIFIC RISKS OF THE MAIN FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS

NATURE AND SPECIFIC RISKS OF THE MAIN FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS NATURE AND SPECIFIC RISKS OF THE MAIN FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS The present section is intended to communicate to you, in accordance with the Directive, general information on the characteristics of the main

More information

Foreign Exchange Risk Management

Foreign Exchange Risk Management Foreign Exchange Risk Management Perry D. Mehta Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond, Charlotte Office perry.mehta@rich.frb.org Seminar for Senior Bank Supervisors from Emerging Economies Washington, DC October,

More information

Security Bank Treasury FX and Rates Hedging Division Gearing Up for External Competitiveness November 19, 2014. Treasury FXRH

Security Bank Treasury FX and Rates Hedging Division Gearing Up for External Competitiveness November 19, 2014. Treasury FXRH Security Bank Treasury FX and Rates Hedging Division Gearing Up for External Competitiveness November 19, 2014 HEDGING, DERIVATIVES AND SPECULATION HEDGING Making an investment to reduce the risk of adverse

More information

MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question.

MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question. ECON 4110: Sample Exam Name MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1) Economists define risk as A) the difference between the return on common

More information

Currency Futures trade on the JSE s Currency Derivatives Trading Platform

Currency Futures trade on the JSE s Currency Derivatives Trading Platform Currency Futures trade on the JSE s Currency Derivatives Trading Platform DERIVATIVE MARKET Currency Derivatives Currency Futures www.jse.co.za Johannesburg Stock Exchange Currency Futures & Options trade

More information

Chapter 1 - Introduction

Chapter 1 - Introduction Chapter 1 - Introduction Derivative securities Futures contracts Forward contracts Futures and forward markets Comparison of futures and forward contracts Options contracts Options markets Comparison of

More information

CFDs YOUR STARTER KIT

CFDs YOUR STARTER KIT CFDs YOUR STARTER KIT Risk Warning: Forex and CFDs are leveraged products and you may lose your initial deposit as well as substantial amounts of your investment. Trading leveraged products carries a high

More information

CommSeC CFDS: IntroDuCtIon to FX

CommSeC CFDS: IntroDuCtIon to FX CommSec CFDs: Introduction to FX Important Information This brochure has been prepared without taking account of the objectives, financial and taxation situation or needs of any particular individual.

More information

Managing the Challenges of Volatile FX Markets within the Accounting Parlance

Managing the Challenges of Volatile FX Markets within the Accounting Parlance Managing the Challenges of Volatile FX Markets within the Accounting Parlance Treasury Perspective 22 July 2008 TCS Public Why should we hedge? Business is exposed to several risks, currency risk being

More information

Section 1 Important Information... 2. Section 2 Regulatory Guide 227... 2. Section 3 Features... 3. Section 4 How to Trade... 8

Section 1 Important Information... 2. Section 2 Regulatory Guide 227... 2. Section 3 Features... 3. Section 4 How to Trade... 8 CONTENTS Section 1 Important Information... 2 Section 2 Regulatory Guide 227... 2 Section 3 Features... 3 Section 4 How to Trade... 8 Section 5 Significant Risks... 32 Section 6 Costs, Fees & Charges...

More information

FX Derivatives Terminology. Education Module: 5. Dated July 2002. FX Derivatives Terminology

FX Derivatives Terminology. Education Module: 5. Dated July 2002. FX Derivatives Terminology Education Module: 5 Dated July 2002 Foreign Exchange Options Option Markets and Terminology A American Options American Options are options that are exercisable for early value at any time during the term

More information

Eurodollar Futures, and Forwards

Eurodollar Futures, and Forwards 5 Eurodollar Futures, and Forwards In this chapter we will learn about Eurodollar Deposits Eurodollar Futures Contracts, Hedging strategies using ED Futures, Forward Rate Agreements, Pricing FRAs. Hedging

More information

Online Share Trading Currency Futures

Online Share Trading Currency Futures Online Share Trading Currency Futures Wealth warning: Trading Currency Futures can offer significant returns BUT also subject you to significant losses if the market moves against your position. You may,

More information

Frequently Asked Questions on Derivatives Trading At NSE

Frequently Asked Questions on Derivatives Trading At NSE Frequently Asked Questions on Derivatives Trading At NSE NATIONAL STOCK EXCHANGE OF INDIA LIMITED QUESTIONS & ANSWERS 1. What are derivatives? Derivatives, such as futures or options, are financial contracts

More information

COAL MARKET FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS

COAL MARKET FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS COAL MARKET FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS Over the course of the past decade, numerous issues have arisen in the U.S. coal trading arena. Bankruptcies, standardized trading contracts, and liquidity are a

More information

Evolution of Forex the Active Trader s Market

Evolution of Forex the Active Trader s Market Evolution of Forex the Active Trader s Market The practice of trading currencies online has increased threefold from 2002 to 2005, and the growth curve is expected to continue. Forex, an abbreviation for

More information

Introduction to Forex Trading

Introduction to Forex Trading Introduction to Forex Trading The Leader in Rule-Based Trading 1 Important Information and Disclaimer: TradeStation Securities, Inc. seeks to serve institutional and active traders. Please be advised that

More information

Chapter 5. The Foreign Exchange Market. Foreign Exchange Markets: Learning Objectives. Foreign Exchange Markets. Foreign Exchange Markets

Chapter 5. The Foreign Exchange Market. Foreign Exchange Markets: Learning Objectives. Foreign Exchange Markets. Foreign Exchange Markets Chapter 5 The Foreign Exchange Market Foreign Exchange Markets: Learning Objectives Examine the functions performed by the foreign exchange (FOREX) market, its participants, size, geographic and currency

More information

The U.S. Dollar Rally: Understanding its impact on your business

The U.S. Dollar Rally: Understanding its impact on your business David Coomer, CPA dcoomer@cshco.com 937.226.0070 Rick Jones rick.jones@bbgfx.com 513.386.7447 The U.S. Dollar Rally: Understanding its impact on your business Agenda Introduction and Overview The Foreign

More information

MODEL TEST PAPER COMMODITIES MARKET MODULE

MODEL TEST PAPER COMMODITIES MARKET MODULE MODEL TEST PAPER COMMODITIES MARKET MODULE Q:1. Which of the following can be the underlying for a commodity derivative contract? (a) Interest Rate (b) Euro-Indian Rupee (c) Gold (d) NIFTY Q:2. Daily mark

More information

CHAPTER 8 SUGGESTED ANSWERS TO CHAPTER 8 QUESTIONS

CHAPTER 8 SUGGESTED ANSWERS TO CHAPTER 8 QUESTIONS INSTRUCTOR S MANUAL: MULTINATIONAL FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT, 9 TH ED. CHAPTER 8 SUGGESTED ANSWERS TO CHAPTER 8 QUESTIONS. On April, the spot price of the British pound was $.86 and the price of the June futures

More information

Currency Options and Swaps: Hedging Currency Risk

Currency Options and Swaps: Hedging Currency Risk Currency Options and Swaps: Hedging Currency Risk By Louis Morel ECON 826 International Finance Queen s Economics Department January 23, 2004 Table of Contents 1. Introduction...2 2. Currency risk exposure...2

More information

CONTRACTS FOR DIFFERENCE

CONTRACTS FOR DIFFERENCE CONTRACTS FOR DIFFERENCE Contracts for Difference (CFD s) were originally developed in the early 1990s in London by UBS WARBURG. Based on equity swaps, they had the benefit of being traded on margin. They

More information

1 Introduction. 1.5 Margin and Variable Margin Feature

1 Introduction. 1.5 Margin and Variable Margin Feature Risk Disclosure Spread Betting and CFDs are high risk investments. Your capital is at risk. Spread Betting and CFDs are not suitable for all investors and you should ensure that you understand the risks

More information

AGRICULTURAL COMMODITY What you need to know

AGRICULTURAL COMMODITY What you need to know AGRICULTURAL COMMODITY What you need to know Product Disclosure Statement Issue date: 12 March 2014 Issued by: Commonwealth Bank of Australia ABN 48 123 123 124 AFSL 234945 You should read all sections

More information

Brokerage/ E-trading. www.company.com

Brokerage/ E-trading. www.company.com Brokerage/ E-trading OSYS & World Best Voted Trading Platform OFFER: Cyprus Company Set Up & Brokerage Account To: Trade Tax Free on International Markets Act as Director of the Company and Repatriate

More information

CHAPTER 12 CHAPTER 12 FOREIGN EXCHANGE

CHAPTER 12 CHAPTER 12 FOREIGN EXCHANGE CHAPTER 12 CHAPTER 12 FOREIGN EXCHANGE CHAPTER OVERVIEW This chapter discusses the nature and operation of the foreign exchange market. The chapter begins by describing the foreign exchange market and

More information

J. Gaspar: Adapted from Jeff Madura, International Financial Management

J. Gaspar: Adapted from Jeff Madura, International Financial Management Chapter5 Currency Derivatives J. Gaspar: Adapted from Jeff Madura, International Financial Management 5. 1 Currency Derivatives Currency derivatives are financial instruments whose prices are determined

More information

Learn to Trade FOREX II

Learn to Trade FOREX II Lesson 1 The Forex Market The Foreign Exchange market, also referred to as the "FX market" or "Spot FX", is the largest financial market in the world with daily average turnover of US$1.9 trillion. Unlike

More information

Hedging Foreign Exchange Rate Risk with CME FX Futures Canadian Dollar vs. U.S. Dollar

Hedging Foreign Exchange Rate Risk with CME FX Futures Canadian Dollar vs. U.S. Dollar Hedging Foreign Exchange Rate Risk with CME FX Futures Canadian Dollar vs. U.S. Dollar CME FX futures provide agricultural producers with the liquid, efficient tools to hedge against exchange rate risk

More information

Product Disclosure Statement

Product Disclosure Statement Product Disclosure Statement Australia - June 2015 Associated Foreign Exchange Australia Pty Ltd. ABN: 85 119 392 586 ACN: 119 392 586 AFSL Number: 305246 Global Payment and Risk Management Solutions Table

More information

TRADING FUTURES ON THE SAXOTRADER PLATFORM

TRADING FUTURES ON THE SAXOTRADER PLATFORM TRADING FUTURES ON THE SAXOTRADER PLATFORM Saxo Capital Markets Tel: +65 6303 7788 Web Site: www.saxomarkets.com.sg 1 TRADING FUTURES ON THE SAXOTRADER PLATFORM OPEN DEMO OPEN LIVE WORLDWIDE INVESTMENT

More information

Online Share Trading Currency Futures

Online Share Trading Currency Futures Online Share Trading Currency Futures pic Currency Futures Introduction Currency futures contracts can be hard-working additions to any investor s or trader s portfolio. They provide a way to hedge the

More information

Currency Options. www.m-x.ca

Currency Options. www.m-x.ca Currency Options www.m-x.ca Table of Contents Introduction...3 How currencies are quoted in the spot market...4 How currency options work...6 Underlying currency...6 Trading unit...6 Option premiums...6

More information

Product Disclosure Statement

Product Disclosure Statement Product Disclosure Statement Margin Foreign Exchange & CFD Trading TF Global Markets (Aust) Pty Ltd ACN 158 361 561 Address: Level 11 636 St. Kilda Road, Melbourne, VIC, Australia 3004 Website: www.thinkforex.com

More information

Foreign Exchange Investments Discover the World of Currencies. Private Banking USA

Foreign Exchange Investments Discover the World of Currencies. Private Banking USA Foreign Exchange Investments Discover the World of Currencies Credit Suisse Securities (USA) llc Private Banking USA 2 Foreign exchange: There s no ignoring the largest market in the world. Introduction

More information

Energy Option Contract. Product Disclosure Statement

Energy Option Contract. Product Disclosure Statement Energy Option Contract Product Disclosure Statement Issued by: Westpac Banking Corporation ABN 33 007 457 141 Australian Financial Services Licence Number: 233714 Dated 10 June 2008 Contents Important

More information

Module 7 Commodity ETFs

Module 7 Commodity ETFs Module 7 Commodity ETFs Course #: Title Topic 1: I want exposure to commodities... 3 Introduction... 3 Understand both the commodity and the financial instrument... 3 Do I understand the financial instrument?...

More information

Derivative Users Traders of derivatives can be categorized as hedgers, speculators, or arbitrageurs.

Derivative Users Traders of derivatives can be categorized as hedgers, speculators, or arbitrageurs. OPTIONS THEORY Introduction The Financial Manager must be knowledgeable about derivatives in order to manage the price risk inherent in financial transactions. Price risk refers to the possibility of loss

More information

Milk Hedging Strategies Utilizing Futures & Options

Milk Hedging Strategies Utilizing Futures & Options Milk Hedging Strategies Utilizing Futures & Options A Basic Understanding of hedging and forward pricing scenarios Utilizing both futures & options traded at the Chicago Mercantile Exchange focusing on

More information

Universidad del CEMA. Master in Finance. Research Work

Universidad del CEMA. Master in Finance. Research Work Universidad del CEMA Master in Finance Research Work Advantages and Disadvantages of a Hedge for the Exchange-Rate Risk in the Spot FX Market and Futures Market AUTHOR: Martín Larrañaga Buenos Aires, February

More information

MICHAEL HODGES AND BRETT COOPER

MICHAEL HODGES AND BRETT COOPER WHY COPY TRADE FOREX MICHAEL HODGES AND BRETT COOPER WHAT IS FOREX COPY TRADING Forex copy trading is a relatively new way of trading currency. It takes a lot of the risk and hassle out of trading and

More information

A practical guide to FX Arbitrage

A practical guide to FX Arbitrage A practical guide to FX Arbitrage FX Arbitrage is a highly debated topic in the FX community with many unknowns, as successful arbitrageurs may not be incentivized to disclose their methodology until after

More information

An Introduction to Online Trading. National University of Singapore 22 March 2007 Klaus Buhl

An Introduction to Online Trading. National University of Singapore 22 March 2007 Klaus Buhl An Introduction to Online Trading National University of Singapore 22 March 2007 Klaus Buhl Introduction Saxo Capital Markets Pte. Ltd. Financial Markets: - Yesterday -Today -Tomorrow Saxo Trader Multiple

More information

Industry Informational Report. Exchange for Physicals (EFP)

Industry Informational Report. Exchange for Physicals (EFP) Industry Informational Report Exchange for Physicals (EFP) Background information on transaction structure, industry practice and applications prepared by RISK LIMITED CORPORATION All information contained

More information

Guide to Online Forex Trading

Guide to Online Forex Trading Start Trading and Making Money in Forex WebTrader and MetaTrader If this is your first time coming across the online Forex market, then you have come to the right place! This guide will provide you with

More information

Workshop Agenda Certified Commodities Analyst OBJECTIVE KEY AREAS FOCUS WHO SHOULD ATTEND. About your trainer UNIQUE MARKETS SPOT COMPLEX

Workshop Agenda Certified Commodities Analyst OBJECTIVE KEY AREAS FOCUS WHO SHOULD ATTEND. About your trainer UNIQUE MARKETS SPOT COMPLEX markets are one of the more diverse markets in the capital markets arena and feature in investment portfolios in an increasing manner although traditionally they are traded in physicals taking in the whole

More information

Trading forex is buying one currency while at the same time selling a different currency.

Trading forex is buying one currency while at the same time selling a different currency. F O R E I G N E X C H A N G E B A S I C S T E R M S U S E D I N F O R E X T R A D I N G The foreign exchange market is global, and it is conducted over-the-counter (OTC) through the use of electronic trading

More information

Intro to Forex and Futures

Intro to Forex and Futures Intro to Forex and Futures 1 Forex Trading Forex is a term meaning foreign exchange, and refers to trading the currency of one country against the currency from another country simultaneously. Over $1.4

More information

CME Group 2012 Commodities Trading Challenge. Competition Rules and Procedures

CME Group 2012 Commodities Trading Challenge. Competition Rules and Procedures Competition Rules and Procedures CME Group with assistance from CQG and the University of Houston, is sponsoring a commodities trading competition among colleges and universities. Students will compete

More information

RISK DISCLOSURE STATEMENT FOR FOREX TRADING AND IB MULTI- CURRENCY ACCOUNTS

RISK DISCLOSURE STATEMENT FOR FOREX TRADING AND IB MULTI- CURRENCY ACCOUNTS RISK DISCLOSURE STATEMENT FOR FOREX TRADING AND IB MULTI- CURRENCY ACCOUNTS Rules of the U.S. National Futures Association ("NFA") require Interactive Brokers ("IB") to provide you with the following Risk

More information

The Market for Foreign Exchange

The Market for Foreign Exchange The Market for Foreign Exchange Chapter Objective: 5 Chapter Five This chapter introduces the institutional framework within which exchange rates are determined. It lays the foundation for much of the

More information

THE UNDAMENTALS AND ECHNIQUES RADING OMMODITY PREADS. c s

THE UNDAMENTALS AND ECHNIQUES RADING OMMODITY PREADS. c s c s THE UNDAMENTALS AND ECHNIQUES OF RADING OMMODITY PREADS The purpose of this booklet is to give you a better understanding of various aspects of spread trading in the futures market. Center for Futures

More information

Chapter 1.1. The Forex Market

Chapter 1.1. The Forex Market Chapter 1.1 The Forex Market 0 THE FOREX MARKET The Forex market is the largest financial market in the world. Nearly $3.2 trillion worth of foreign currencies trade back and forth across the Forex market

More information

Reading: Chapter 19. 7. Swaps

Reading: Chapter 19. 7. Swaps Reading: Chapter 19 Chap. 19. Commodities and Financial Futures 1. The mechanics of investing in futures 2. Leverage 3. Hedging 4. The selection of commodity futures contracts 5. The pricing of futures

More information

ActTrader Forex Trading Guide

ActTrader Forex Trading Guide ActTrader Forex Trading Guide If this is your first time coming across the online Forex market, then you have come to the right place! This guide will provide you with the basic knowledge, tools and techniques

More information

A guide to managing foreign exchange risk

A guide to managing foreign exchange risk A guide to managing foreign exchange risk CPA Australia Ltd ( CPA Australia ) is one of the world s largest accounting bodies with more than 122,000 members of the financial, accounting and business profession

More information