State Debt Management Presentation February Kristin A. Hanson, Assistant Commissioner, Treasury

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1 State Debt Management Presentation February 2013 Kristin A. Hanson, Assistant Commissioner, Treasury

2 What is a Bond? Municipal bonds are debt securities issued by states, cities, counties and other governmental entities to finance capital projects, such as buildings, schools, highways or sewer systems, and to fund day-to-day obligations. The bond issuer agrees to pay interest and the return on the investment, the principal, to the bondholders who have loaned the issuer money for the project(s). 2

3 Characteristics of Bonds Issuer (state, municipality, special district) Purpose (transportation, building, land, utilities) Credit structure/source of repayment (general obligation, revenue, annual appropriation) Maturity structure (serial vs. term) Price (discount, par, premium) Tax status (taxable or tax-exempt) Interest rate (variable or fixed rate) Term (long or short-term) 3

4 Authority Authorization Determines Type of Bond Issue State Constitution Minnesota Statutes Federal Regulations 4

5 What Projects Are Eligible For State G.O. Bond Financing? Article XI, Section 5, of the Minnesota Constitution contains the authority for incurring public debt (G.O. bonds). Subdivision (a) states to acquire and to better public lands and buildings and other public improvements of a capital nature, and to provide money to be appropriated or loaned to any agency or political subdivision of the state for such purposes. In other words The bond financed project must be publicly owned The project must constitute a capital expenditure The project must be for a public purpose The purpose of the bonds must be clearly set forth in the law 5

6 Other Purposes For Which G.O. Debt May Be Issued Repel invasion or suppress insurrection (1857) Borrow temporarily (1962) Refund outstanding bonds of the state or any of its agencies (1962) Establish and maintain highways (1924) Promote forestation and prevent and abate forest fires (1924) Construct, improve and operate airports and other air navigation facilities (1944) Develop the state s agricultural resources by extending credit on real estate (1922) Improve and rehabilitate public or private railroad rights-of-way and other rail facilities up to $200 million par value (1982) As otherwise authorized in the Constitution 6

7 Other Important Provisions Pertaining to G.O. Bonds A full faith and credit obligation of the state state will levy a tax if necessary to meet its debt service obligations Maximum maturity of 20 years Each bond issue must distinctly specify the purposes and maximum amount of proceeds authorized to be expended for such purposes A special and separate state bond fund is maintained for payment of debt service (principal and interest) 7

8 State Bond Issuers Commissioner of MMB Public Facilities Authority Housing Finance Agency Office of Higher Education MnSCU Agricultural and Economic Development Authority Rural Finance Authority Iron Range Resources and Rehabilitation Minnesota State Armory Building Commission Minnesota Higher Education Facilities Authority Tobacco Securitization Authority 8

9 Debt Policies/ Informal Practices Capital Investment Guidelines Tax compliance policies and procedures Refunding criteria Use of competitive vs. negotiated sales Use of an independent financial advisor Timing of bond sales 9

10 Capital Investment Guidelines History State had five guidelines that were established in 1979 Debt limited to 3% of non-dedicated general fund revenues Principal amount of general obligation bond debt should not exceed 2.5% of State personal income Total amount of all State agency debt outstanding should not exceed 3.5% of State personal income Total amount of all State should not exceed 5.0% of State personal income 40/70 maturity test 10

11 Capital Investment Guidelines In 2009, created new guidelines 1 and 2: Original guidelines did not include all the debt that rating agencies include in their calculations More in line with what rating agencies analyze More reflective of ability to pay Simple and straightforward and comparable to what other states use 11

12 Capital Investment Guidelines Guideline #1: Total tax-supported principal outstanding (1) (issued) shall be 3.25% or less of total state personal income As of November 2012 forecast, total principal outstanding was $6.908 billion (2.74% of state personal income) Remaining principal capacity was $1.27 billion Guideline #2: Total amount of tax-supported principal (both issued and authorized/unissued) for state general obligations (1), state moral obligations, equipment capital leases and real estate capital leases shall not exceed 6% of total state personal income As of Nov forecast, total principal (both issued and authorized/ unissued) was $ billion (4.62% of state personal income) Remaining principal capacity was $3.462 billion. Guideline #3: 40% of state G.O. bonds are to mature within 5 years and 70% within 10 years. The figures for June 30, 2012 were 35.6% and 67.9%. (1) Includes all general fund supported obligations. 12

13 Capital Investment Guidelines Summary of Outstanding Principal as of 11/30/2012 As of November, 2012 Economic Forecast Tax-Supported Debt - Principal Outstanding (Guideline #1) Principal Outstanding Authorized, Unissued Total All State General Obligation Debt 5,745,070,000 2,030,517,700 7,775,587,700 Certificates of Participation (SWIFT/Integrated Tax) 54,060, ,060,000 BCA Bemidji Lease Revenue Bonds 5,230, ,230,000 Other Real Estate Capital Leases: Ag/Health Buildings 64,515, ,515,000 DHS Building 77,835, ,835,000 MHFA Supportive Housing 30,840, ,840,000 MHFA Housing Infrastructure 0 30,000,000 30,000,000 U of M: TCF Bank Stadium 113,995, ,995,000 Biosciences Facilities 160,275,000 55,115, ,390,000 State General Fund Appropriation Refunding Bonds 656,220, ,220,000 Professional Football Stadium Appropriation Bonds - State Share 0 348,000, ,000,000 Professional Football Stadium Appropriation Bonds - Minneapolis Share 0 150,000, ,000,000 Pay for Performance Appropriation Bonds 0 10,000,000 10,000,000 TOTAL - Tax-Supported Debt 6,908,040,000 2,623,632,700 9,531,672,700 Other Obligations - Issued and Authorized but Unissued (Guideline #2) Tax-Supported Debt (issued and authorized but unissued) 9,531,672,700 MHFA Moral Obligation Debt (1) 1,474,855,000 MOHE Moral Obligation Debt 612,248,000 Equipment Leases 19,858,939 TOTAL - All Obligations 11,638,634,639 FY 2013 State Personal Income Estimate - GII Forecast: 251,682,500,000 State Tax-Supported Debt as a Percent of Personal Income (Guideline #1): 2.74% Estimated maximum additional principal capacity for all tax-supported 3.25% 1,271,641,250 All Obligations as a Percent of Personal Income (Guideline #2): 4.62% Estimated maximum additional principal capacity for all 6.0% 3,462,315,361 (1) MHFA has a total of $5 billion of debt authorized; however, they have gone to a new indenture structure which will not use the moral obligation pledge. Consequently, this authorized but unissued amount is not included here. 13

14 Types of State Issued Debt GUIDELINE 1 (Principal Outstanding)*: State General Obligation Various Purpose State General Obligation Trunk Highway State General Fund Appropriation Bonds * Does not include self-supporting debt 911 revenue bonds and pension building revenue bonds 14

15 Other Types of State Obligations GUIDELINE 1 (Principal Outstanding): State standing appropriations University of Minnesota MHFA Lease purchase financing for equipment Certificates of Participation (COPs) Lease purchase financing for real estate St. Paul Port Authority (Freeman and Andersen Buildings) City of Bemidji (MN Bureau of Criminal Apprehension) 15

16 Other Types of State Obligations GUIDELINE 2 (Bond Authorized, Issued and Unissued): All debt included in Guideline 1 plus: Lease purchase financing for equipment Moral obligation commitments Minnesota Housing Finance Agency Minnesota Office of Higher Education 16

17 Current Amount of Debt Outstanding (as of November 30, 2012) Guideline #1 All general obligation debt - $5.745 billion All appropriation debt (issued by state and others) - $961 million Leases for real estate - $148 million Certificates of participation - $54 million* * A portion of these were defeased in December

18 Current Amount Outstanding (as of November 30, 2012) Guideline #2 Equipment Leases - $19.9 million Moral obligations Minnesota Housing Finance Agency - $1.475 billion Minnesota Office of Higher Education - $612 million 18

19 Bond Ratings Bonds may be rated by one or more of the three major credit rating agencies: Fitch Ratings Moody s Investors Service, Inc. Standard & Poor s A bond rating is a measure of credit risk to investors AAA is the highest rating; D bonds are in default The higher the credit rating the lower the risk and the lower the interest rate 19

20 State of Minnesota Bond Ratings General Obligation Bonds Fitch: AA+ Moody s: Aa1 S&P: AA+ State Appropriation Bonds Fitch: AA S&P: AA 911 Revenue Bonds Fitch: AA Moody s: Aa3 S&P: AA+ 20

21 Federal Considerations Tax Exemption (IRS) Arbitrage (IRS) Disclosure (SEC) Enforcement (IRS) 21

22 Future Debt Issuance Plans St. Paul Port Authority Refunding Bonds State General Obligation Refunding Bonds Stadium Appropriation Bonds Pay for Performance Appropriation Bonds State General Obligation Bonds U of MN BioScience Bonds MHFA Housing Finance Infrastructure Bonds 22

23 Cancellation Report Statutory Requirement MS 16A.642 On January 2 of each odd-numbered year, MMB must report the cancellation of general fund and bond financed property authorized more than four years before January 1 Project balances included in the report are canceled effective July 1 unless specifically reauthorized by Legislature 23

24 Cancellation Report Highlights from January 2, 2013 report: Unencumbered (not under contract): $18 million $2.5 million in G.O. Trunk Highway Bonds $15.5 million in general fund supported On MMB website: 24

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