North Carolina s Future: Solar Energy. Elizabeth A Falconer. What is alternative energy? According to the Oxford Dictionary, alternative

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "North Carolina s Future: Solar Energy. Elizabeth A Falconer. What is alternative energy? According to the Oxford Dictionary, alternative"

Transcription

1 North Carolina s Future: Solar Energy Elizabeth A Falconer I. Alternative Energy What is alternative energy? According to the Oxford Dictionary, alternative energy is defined as energy generated in ways that do not deplete natural resources or harm the environment. 1 Common types of alternative energy include solar and wind, which are naturally replenished and often referred to as renewable energy sources. 2 Renewable energy provides substantial economic, health, and climatic benefits worthy of state and federal mandated implementation. 3 The United States renewable energy sector is expanding rapidly, creating a clean energy revolution. 4 II. Alternative Energy Options in North Carolina Several factors shape the development of renewable energy including: a state s energy prices, energy infrastructure, energy demand, and energy intensity. 5 Traditionally, North Carolina has favored fossil fuels dependence because of low energy prices, lack of statutory mandates to encourage development of renewable energy sources, and a fairly energy-intensive economy. 6 Alternative energy options have been buoyed by reliable, secure sources. 7 Duke Energy, headquartered in Charlotte, North Carolina, is the largest electric power holding company in the United States, supplying 1 OXFORD DICTIONARIES, Alternative Energy, OXFORD UNIVERSITY PRESS, (last visited Sept. 22, 2014). 2 Stephanie Rogers, What is Green Energy, MOTHER NATURE NETWORK (July 25, 2014, 2:41 PM), Renewable Energy, U.S DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY (Sept. 22, 2014, 12:48 PM), 5 Dianne Cherry & Shubhaya Saha, Renewable Energy in North Carolina, POPULAR GOVERNMENT (Summer 2008),

2 and delivering energy to approximately 7.2 million U.S. customers. 8 Before furthering his political career, Governor Pat McCrory worked for Duke Energy for twenty-eight years, demonstrating the deep connection between politics and the energy economy in this state. 9 While energy-intensive corporations, such as Duke Energy, have driven North Carolina s economy, the substantial negative impact from this fossil fuel dependency need not be ignored. Electricity production accounts for more than one-third of U.S. global warming emissions, with the majority generated by coal-fired power plants, which produce approximately twenty-five percent of total U.S. global warming emissions and natural gas-fired power plants produce six percent of total emissions. 10 In stark contrast, renewable energy sources produce little to no global warming emissions. 11 The air and water pollution emitted by coal and natural gas plants is linked to breathing problems, neurological damage, heart attacks, and cancer. 12 Replacing fossil fuels with renewable energy has been found to reduce premature mortality and lost workdays, and it reduces overall healthcare costs. 13 Fossil fuel technologies are generally mechanized, while the renewable energy industry is more labor-intensive. This means that, on average, more jobs are created for each unit of electricity generated from renewable sources than from 8, About Us, DUKE ENERGY CORPORATION (October 2, 2014, 12:51PM), 9 About Pat McCrory, STATE OF NORTH CAROLINA (Sept. 22, 2014 at 1:21 PM), 10 Benefits of Renewable Energy Use, UNION OF CONCERNED SCIENTISTS (October 2, 2014, 1:05 PM),

3 fossil fuels. 14 While the benefits of alternative energy are easily identifiable, the transition away from fossil fuel dependency is a much more difficult problem. North Carolina s energy-intensive economy gives rise to hopeful alternative energy options, however this hope is eclipsed by the state s lack of progressive environmental policy implementation. The majority of energy suppliers are reluctant to advance alternative energy options. Simply put, these corporations have built success on fossil fuel dependence, so why change now? Remarkably, North Carolina ranks third overall in the U.S. for new renewable energy capacity. 15 North Carolina s energy future is at a pivotal crossroad, and it is of utmost importance to explore the benefits, viability, and legislation surrounding alternative energy options in North Carolina. Investing in renewable energy sources is essential for the future. The North Carolina Sustainable Energy Association (NCSEA) is the leading non-profit organization dedicated to driving public policy and market development that creates clean energy jobs, economic opportunities and affordable energy to benefit all of North Carolina. 16 In May 2014, a NCSEA poll revealed, eighty-six percent of Democrats, eighty-four percent of political independents and seventy-seven percent of Republicans said the state should seek more alternative energy sources. 17 Clearly, the constituents of this state favor pursing alternative energy sources. North Carolina has the capability to capitalize and expand on many of these options. To understand this possible expansion, however, one Ian Clover, Solar power driving North Carolina s Clean Economy, Study Finds, PV MAGAZINE (October 2014, 4:35 PM), 16 NC SUSTAINABLE ENERGY ASSOCIATION (October 2014, 12:30 PM), 17 Bruce Henderson, Poll Finds Support For Renewable Energy, THE CHARLOTTE OBSERVER (May 22, 2014), 3

4 must analyze the benefits, vitality, and current legislation surrounding solar energy development. III. Solar Energy in North Carolina a. Benefits Solar energy is the most prevalent type of renewable energy and is the most abundant energy resource on earth. 18 The solar industry is one of the fastest growing sectors in the U.S. employing more than 100,000 Americans. 19 In 2010, the industry grew by sixty-nine percent, and is only continuing to grow today. 20 The first solar powered device was built in 1954, and The New York Times declared: the beginning of a new era, leading eventually to the realization of one of mankind s most cherished dreams the harnessing of the almost limitless energy of the sun for the uses of civilization. 21 Today, that limitless energy is certainly a real, tangible option in North Carolina. The state is blessed with sunlight on nearly 250 days per year. 22 Twenty-two percent of current electric use can be replaced with solar power by installing solar panels and solar hot water heaters on residential and commercial rooftops and by building utility-scale solar installations on barren land. 23 In 2008, North Carolina s installed solar capacity grew more than six fold, from 0.7 to 4.7 megawatts (MW). The cost of solar power has 18 Top 6 Things You Didn t Know About Solar Energy, U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY (June 22, 2012) 19 Charting a New Path for North Carolina s Electricity Generation and North Carolina s Energy Future is at a Crossroads, NATIONAL WILDLIFE FEDERATION (Sept. 22, 2014, 3:10 PM), Region/~/media/FF10CB88A46E45D B8203.ashx Top 6 Things You Didn t Know About Solar Energy, U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY (June 22, 2012) 22 Siena Kaplan et. al, Growing Solar in North Carolina: Solar Power s Role in a Clean Energy Future, FRONTIER GROUP (October 2, 2014, 1:30 PM),

5 dropped eighty percent since 1980, and is expected to be cost competitive with other sources of electricity by North Carolina has enough solar resources to produce 4,500 to 5,500 Whr per square meter using photovoltaic systems and 4,000 to 4,500 Whr per square meter using concentrating solar power systems. 25 In other words, by devoting just [one] square mile in North Carolina to solar power can provide enough electricity for about 1,200 households each year. 26 Using solar energy produces no air or water pollution and no greenhouse gases. 27 Overall, solar energy is predictable and efficient. 28 b. Viability In 2013, North Carolina was ranked third nationally in installed solar capacity, behind only California and Arizona. 29 The solar industry is growing rapidly and, according to the Solar Energy Industries Association (SEIA), North Carolina s Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Portfolio Standard (REPS) has allowed clean energy companies to compete utilities and offer consumers choice in their energy supply. 30 (REPS will be discussed in depth under legislation). As a result, North Carolina is at the forefront in solar energy advancement. 31 Last year, North Carolina added 335 megawatts of capacity the third-best tally of any state in the country. 32 Now, with a total of 592 megawatts of solar capacity installed, North Carolina ranks Charting, supra note Top 10 Solar States, SOLAR ENERGY INDUSTRIES ASSOCIATION (October 2, 2014, 9:50 AM), Daniel Gross, The Other Sunshine State, SLATE (July 1, 2014, 10:51 AM), ing_a_leader_in_rolling_out.html. 32 Clover, supra note 15. 5

6 fourth among the 50 states. So far this year, according to SNL Energy, North Carolina ranks second in the number of solar farms under construction, behind only California. 33 Without a doubt, solar energy is viable in North Carolina. To continue solar energy expansion, Duke Energy recently announced a $550 million program aimed at driving yet more solar energy development across North Carolina. 34 In 2013, North Carolina companies invested almost $1.3 billion in renewable energy and efficiency projects, according to a new report commissioned by the N.C. Sustainable Energy Association. 35 Conclusively, alternative energy demands from the nation s capital is helping turn North Carolina into one of the country s solar capitals. 36 NCSEA pledges to lobby legislators to protect North Carolina s thirty-five percent tax credits for renewable energy investments because renewable energy employed more than 18,000 people last year in North Carolina, a twenty percent increase from Given North Carolina's ample renewable resources and skilled technical workers, the state is well-situated to continue growing its clean energy economy." 38 The state will be able to capitalize fully on these assets by preserving and strengthening state policies, such as the renewable portfolio standard; leveraging federal policies such as tax Gross, supra note John Downy, Report: NC Clean Energy Investment in 2013 nearly equals total for previous six years, CHARLOTTE BUSINESS JOURNAL (April 14, 2014), nearly.html. 36 Gross, supra note Bruce Henderson, Poll Finds Support For Renewable Energy, THE CHARLOTTE OBSERVER (May 22, 2014),

7 incentives; and continuing strong public and private investments in research and development." 39 IV. North Carolina s Solar Project In the fall of 2013, Duke Energy Renewables and SunEnergy1 announced a plan to build three solar farms with a combined capacity of 30 megawatts in the eastern part of the state. 40 The solar project began on June 24, 2014 as a unique partnership among three customers -- George Washington University, American University and the George Washington University Hospital -- that will bring solar power from rural North Carolina to the urban settings of the Washington, D.C., institutions. 41 This may prove to be the state s biggest solar deal to date. 42 The first solar farm in Pasquotank County is expected to operate by the end of the year, and the two other sites will be constructed in The Pasquotank County farm is looking to employ more than 500 people and will utilize 92,000 solar panels [d]esigned to withstand extreme weather and environmental conditions. 44 President of Duke Energy Renewables, Greg Wolf, made the following statement: "We're glad to be working with them to provide our customers in D.C. with clean, sustainable energy and to bring economic development opportunities to this region of North Carolina." Clover, supra note Gross, supra note SunEnergy1 begins installation of JinkoSolar panels at Duke Energy Renewables' Capital Partners Solar Project in N.C., DUKE ENERGY (October 13, 2014), 42 Gross, supra note SunEnergy1 begins installation of JinkoSolar panels at Duke Energy Renewables' Capital Partners Solar Project in N.C., supra note

8 V. Legislation a. Statutes North Carolina statutes proclaim: energy is essential to the health, safety and welfare of the people of this State and to the workings of the State economy. 46 The Legislation recognizes [i]t is in the State's best interest to support the exploration, development, and production of domestic energy supplies, preferably from the resources within the State or region and most certainly from within the country. 47 The Legislation encourages development of alternative sources of energy. 48 The General Assembly s intent is to provide for development of such a unified domestic energy policy for the State of North Carolina as part of a nationwide effort for increased domestic energy production. 49 In order to advance these interests, the legislation incorporated the Division of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR) or Energy Policy Council to: achieve maximum effective management and use of present and future sources of energy, such policy to include energy efficiency, renewable and alternative sources of energy, research and development into alternative energy technologies, and improvements to the State's energy infrastructure and energy economy, including smart grid and domestic energy resources that shall include at least natural gas, coal, hydroelectric power, solar, wind, nuclear energy, and biomass. 50 From implemented legislation it is clear North Carolina will continue pursuing viable alternative energy options and the industry will only continue to grow. 46 N.C. GEN. STAT. 113B-1(1) (2013) B-1(3c) B-1(4) B-1(5) B-6(1). 8

9 b. REPS: Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Portfolio Standard In August 2007, North Carolina enacted energy legislation that established a Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Portfolio Standard (REPS). 51 This renewable energy standard was the first implemented in the Southeast. 52 Under REPS, all electric power suppliers in North Carolina must meet an increasing amount of their retail customers energy needs by a combination of renewable energy resources (such as solar, wind, hydropower, geothermal and biomass) and reduced energy consumption. 53 Due to lacking national policies on clean energy, renewable portfolio standards at the state level is a key tool in promoting development of solar, wind, bioenergy and other renewables. 54 Fast-forward to 2014, North Carolina legislation seemingly wanted to repeal this critical environmental reform. In May 2013, the North Carolina Senate Finance Committee voted on a bill that would gut the state s renewable portfolio standard. 55 Keep in mind that, seven in ten of those questioned for the NCSEA poll said the law is a good idea. 56 Luckily the bill did not survive and the REPS still requires utilities to source three percent of their retail electricity sales from renewables this year, rising gradually to about twelve percent by 2021, a modest amount compared to, say, 51 Annual Report Regarding Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Portfolio Standard in North Carolina, NORTH CAROLINA UTILITIES COMMISSION (October 1, 2014), Pete Danko, North Carolina Renewable Energy Standards Under Fire In State Legislature, HUFFINGTON POST (May 8, 2013, 3:04 PM), Bruce Henderson, Poll Finds Support For Renewable Energy, THE CHARLOTTE OBSERVER (May 22, 2014), 9

10 California, where investor-owned utilities are 20 percent now, and must hit 33 percent by The General Assembly did not pass any litigation amending REPS. 58 VI. Conclusion North Carolina s alternative energy development is paramount for both the state and the nation. As long as legislators and citizens continue promoting viable alternative energy sources by maximizing solar potential, North Carolina will remain at the forefront of the critical environmental revolution. Solar energy is North Carolina s future, and with continued growth and advancement, the future looks bright Annual Report Regarding Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Portfolio Standard in North Carolina, NORTH CAROLINA UTILITIES COMMISSION (October 1, 2014), 10

A CITIZEN S GUIDE. North Carolina Renewable Energy & Energy Efficiency Portfolio Standard EFFICIENCY BIOMASS GEOTHERMAL

A CITIZEN S GUIDE. North Carolina Renewable Energy & Energy Efficiency Portfolio Standard EFFICIENCY BIOMASS GEOTHERMAL SOLAR HYDROELECTRIC WIND ENERGY EFFICIENCY A CITIZEN S GUIDE North Carolina Renewable Energy & Energy Efficiency Portfolio Standard Produced by the North Carolina Sustainable Energy Association BIOMASS

More information

Clean Energy Trends in North Carolina. www.energync.org

Clean Energy Trends in North Carolina. www.energync.org Clean Energy Trends in North Carolina www.energync.org Agenda Background North Carolina Clean Energy Resources & Technologies North Carolina Clean Energy Policies North Carolina Clean Energy Trends Generation

More information

Banking on Renewables

Banking on Renewables RURAL INFRASTRUCTURE BRIEFINGS Banking on Renewables These Briefings showcase different facets of the rural infrastructure industries: power, energy, and utilities; water utilities; and communications.

More information

Renewable Choice Energy

Renewable Choice Energy Catawba College Table of Contents About Renewable Choice The Problem: Electricity Production Today The Solutions: Renewable Energy Sources Renewable Energy Credits (RECs) Who can participate in Renewable

More information

Clean Energy Jobs Plan

Clean Energy Jobs Plan Clean Energy Jobs Plan Introduction When I was governor, California was the world leader in renewable energy and it led the nation in efficiency standards. Our programs saved California consumers billions

More information

5-Minute Refresher: RENEWABLE ENERGY

5-Minute Refresher: RENEWABLE ENERGY 5-Minute Refresher: RENEWABLE ENERGY Renewable Energy Key Ideas Renewable energy is a source of energy that can be used and replenished naturally in a relatively short period of time. Non renewable energy

More information

GENERAL ASSEMBLY OF NORTH CAROLINA SESSION 2015

GENERAL ASSEMBLY OF NORTH CAROLINA SESSION 2015 GENERAL ASSEMBLY OF NORTH CAROLINA SESSION H D HOUSE BILL 1 PROPOSED COMMITTEE SUBSTITUTE H1-CSTD- [v.] // :: PM Short Title: NC Energy Ratepayers Protection Act. (Public) Sponsors: Referred to: April,

More information

Solar Solutions Copyright, The Environmental Center 2013

Solar Solutions Copyright, The Environmental Center 2013 Solar Solutions Copyright, The Environmental Center 2013 Subject: Science Grades: 4-8 Length: 30-60 minutes Focus: Renewable Energy, Solar Energy Rationale: We depend on energy for every aspect of our

More information

How to Earn the LEED Green Power Credit

How to Earn the LEED Green Power Credit 3D EG REES WH ITE PAPER How to Earn the LEED Green Power Credit Using on-site and off-site renewable energy to mitigate the impact of greenhouse gas emissions associated with a LEED project s energy use

More information

Oregon Renewable. Energy. Resources. Inside this Brief. Background Brief on. Overview of Renewable Energy. Renewable Portfolio Standard

Oregon Renewable. Energy. Resources. Inside this Brief. Background Brief on. Overview of Renewable Energy. Renewable Portfolio Standard Background Brief on September 2014 Inside this Brief Overview of Renewable Energy Renewable Portfolio Standard Energy Facility Siting Renewable Energy Legislation Staff and Agency Contacts State Capitol

More information

NEVADA S ELECTRIC POWER SYSTEM AND THE CLEAN POWER PLAN

NEVADA S ELECTRIC POWER SYSTEM AND THE CLEAN POWER PLAN ADVANCED ENERGY ECONOMY the business voice of advanced energy NEVADA S ELECTRIC POWER SYSTEM AND THE CLEAN POWER PLAN The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) will soon release the final rule for

More information

Module 7 Forms of energy generation

Module 7 Forms of energy generation INTRODUCTION In rich countries like Australia, our standard of living is dependent on easily available energy. Every time you catch a bus, turn on a light or watch television energy is being used up. Over

More information

State of Renewables. US and state-level renewable energy adoption rates: 2008-2013

State of Renewables. US and state-level renewable energy adoption rates: 2008-2013 US and state-level renewable energy adoption rates: 2008-2013 Elena M. Krieger, PhD Physicians, Scientists & Engineers for Healthy Energy January 2014 1 Introduction While the United States power sector

More information

Casper Wind Power Project Using Our Land Wisely

Casper Wind Power Project Using Our Land Wisely Casper Wind Power Project Using Our Land Wisely Chevron Global Power Company The solutions are not either/or. It s not a choice between more drilling or more efficiency. It s not a choice between coal

More information

Testimony of Jason Eisdorfer. In front of the Committee on Science, Space, and Technology Subcommittee on Environment Friday, September 11, 2015

Testimony of Jason Eisdorfer. In front of the Committee on Science, Space, and Technology Subcommittee on Environment Friday, September 11, 2015 Testimony of Jason Eisdorfer In front of the Committee on Science, Space, and Technology Subcommittee on Environment Friday, September 11, 2015 Good morning, I am Jason Eisdorfer, Utility Program Director

More information

Residential Generated Solar Energy in North Carolina Benefits, Viability, and Issues. Kristin M. Athens

Residential Generated Solar Energy in North Carolina Benefits, Viability, and Issues. Kristin M. Athens Residential Generated Solar Energy in North Carolina Benefits, Viability, and Issues Kristin M. Athens I. Introduction and Background Motivated by the idea that the coal powering Europe s industrial revolution

More information

Do-Now. 1.) Get out notebook.

Do-Now. 1.) Get out notebook. Do-Now 1.) Get out notebook. 2.) Answer the following questions on the first clean sheet in your notebook. 1.) What are renewable resources? 2.) What are nonrenewable resources? Alternative Sources of

More information

North Carolina Renewable Energy Market Performance and Policy

North Carolina Renewable Energy Market Performance and Policy North Carolina Renewable Energy Market Performance and Policy Ivan Urlaub Executive Director NC Sustainable Energy Association 2013 NC Sustainable Energy Conference April 16, 2013 Raleigh, NC Registered

More information

Powering Your Home with Solar Energy

Powering Your Home with Solar Energy Powering Your Home with Solar Energy Putting Your Roof to Work The sun is waiting to turn your roof into its own miniature electrical power plant. Using solar energy to power your home not only lowers

More information

Introduction. So, What Is a Btu?

Introduction. So, What Is a Btu? Introduction The way of life that we Americans take for granted every day depends upon a stable and abundant supply of affordable energy. Energy shortages can quickly affect our everyday lives and harm

More information

Renewable Energy Finance, Market & Policy Overview

Renewable Energy Finance, Market & Policy Overview Renewable Energy Finance, Market & Policy Overview April 2014 Generation (TWh) - Solid Lines Retail Cost ($/kwh) - Dashed Lines Renewable Energy Policy is Driving Massive Private Capital Investment The

More information

Distributed Solar: Today s Rubik s Cube. Commissioner ToNola Brown-Bland North Carolina Utilities Commission

Distributed Solar: Today s Rubik s Cube. Commissioner ToNola Brown-Bland North Carolina Utilities Commission Distributed Solar: Today s Rubik s Cube Commissioner ToNola Brown-Bland North Carolina Utilities Commission September 25, 2013 Outline Introduction to the North Carolina Utilities Commission Growth of

More information

Finding a green engine for economic growth China s renewable energy policies

Finding a green engine for economic growth China s renewable energy policies Low Carbon Green Growth Roadmap for Asia and the Pacific CASE STUDY Finding a green engine for economic growth China s renewable energy policies Key points China s renewable energy industry has been elevated

More information

GroWNC Energy WG 1. www.gro wnc.org

GroWNC Energy WG 1. www.gro wnc.org GroWNC Energy WG 1 www.gro wnc.org Existing Conditions Outline Energy Plan and Report Evaluation Local (GroWNC): County Plans, Comprehensive Economic Development Strategy (CEDS) Regional: Western North

More information

Testimony of Barbara D. Lockwood, P.E. Manager, Renewable Energy Arizona Public Service Company

Testimony of Barbara D. Lockwood, P.E. Manager, Renewable Energy Arizona Public Service Company Testimony of Barbara D. Lockwood, P.E. Manager, Renewable Energy Arizona Public Service Company Before the U.S. House of Representatives Select Committee on Energy Independence and Global Warming Blowing

More information

Solar Power in China. By Zhou Fengqing

Solar Power in China. By Zhou Fengqing Solar Power in China By Zhou Fengqing Overview Adjust Chinese power structure Feasibility of solar power in China Solar energy as national policies Legislations of solar energy Adjust Chinese Power Structure

More information

Why does Duke Energy hate solar in North Carolina?

Why does Duke Energy hate solar in North Carolina? PO Box 61051 Durham, NC 27715-1051 Phone: (919) 416-5077 Fax: (919) 286-3985 ncwarn@ncwarn.org www.ncwarn.org Why does Duke Energy hate solar in North Carolina? July 1, 2014 Summary A growing solar power

More information

Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Portfolio Standard in North Carolina. Sam Watson, Senior Staff Attorney North Carolina Utilities Commission

Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Portfolio Standard in North Carolina. Sam Watson, Senior Staff Attorney North Carolina Utilities Commission Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Portfolio Standard in North Carolina Sam Watson, Senior Staff Attorney North Carolina Utilities Commission October 21, 2008 Outline Senate Bill 3 (Session Law 2007-397)

More information

310 Exam Questions. 1) Discuss the energy efficiency, and why increasing efficiency does not lower the amount of total energy consumed.

310 Exam Questions. 1) Discuss the energy efficiency, and why increasing efficiency does not lower the amount of total energy consumed. 310 Exam Questions 1) Discuss the energy efficiency, and why increasing efficiency does not lower the amount of total energy consumed. 2) What are the three main aspects that make an energy source sustainable?

More information

Photovoltaic in Mexico Recent Developments and Future

Photovoltaic in Mexico Recent Developments and Future Photovoltaic in Mexico Recent Developments and Future Rodolfo Martínez Strevel Berlin, Germany May 23th, 2013 Bufete de Tecnología Solar, S.A. (BUTECSA) Production of Primary Energy in Mexico, 2011 % 7,0

More information

2. The German energy transition is driven by citizens and communities.

2. The German energy transition is driven by citizens and communities. 8 Key Finfings Energy Transition The German Energiewende By Craig Morris, Martin Pehnt An initiative of the Heinrich Böll Foundation Released on 28 November 2012 Revised July 2015 www. 8 Key Findings German

More information

Utilities. Our environment helps companies to flourish. It does the same thing for our people.

Utilities. Our environment helps companies to flourish. It does the same thing for our people. Utilities Our environment helps companies to flourish. It does the same thing for our people. Utilities North Carolina offers competitively priced utilities that enable businesses to thrive in today s

More information

The Vast Potential for Renewable Energy in the American West

The Vast Potential for Renewable Energy in the American West The Vast Potential for Renewable Energy in the American West Developing Wind, Solar, and Geothermal Energy on Public Lands Jessica Goad, Daniel J. Weiss, and Richard Caperton August 2012 Introduction Arizona,

More information

Delivering Clean Energy

Delivering Clean Energy Delivering Clean Energy Meeting Energy Needs Homes and businesses across the country depend on energy to support the economy and sustain a high quality of life. Yet there s also a responsibility to provide

More information

Top Plants: Far West Rice Mill with solar electric system, Nelson, California

Top Plants: Far West Rice Mill with solar electric system, Nelson, California Top Plants: Far West Rice Mill with solar electric system, Nelson, California Owner: Far West Solar LLC Operator: Pacific Power Management Many companies are finding that with solar energy, the sky s the

More information

Planning for Arizona s Energy Future

Planning for Arizona s Energy Future Planning for Arizona s Energy Future Brad Albert, General Manager of Renewable Resources Arizona Public Service Co. National Conference of State Legislators (NCSL), Energy Task Force December 8, 2010 Regulatory

More information

Renewable Energy Research

Renewable Energy Research Renewable Energy Research Georgia Power and Southern Company have been active in renewable energy research for many years. Over the last five years we have invested six million dollars in renewable energy

More information

Alternative Energy. Terms and Concepts: Relative quantities of potential energy resources, Solar constant, Economies of scale

Alternative Energy. Terms and Concepts: Relative quantities of potential energy resources, Solar constant, Economies of scale Objectives Key Terms and Concepts Introduction Solar Wind Hydroelectric Power Geothermal Sources Biofuels Summary: Economies of Scale Questions for the video if time permits Alternative Energy Objectives:

More information

A Resource Guide to In State Hydropower Production

A Resource Guide to In State Hydropower Production A Resource Guide to In State Hydropower Production Thursday, October 11, 2007 Fairfax, VT Hydro Facility Owned & Operated by CVPS Published by: Winooski, VT Winooski One Hydro Electric Facility Introduction

More information

RENEWABLE ENERGY DEVELOPMENT STATE TAX POLICIES AND INCENTIVES IMPACTING

RENEWABLE ENERGY DEVELOPMENT STATE TAX POLICIES AND INCENTIVES IMPACTING RENEWABLE ENERGY DEVELOPMENT STATE TAX POLICIES AND INCENTIVES IMPACTING RENEWABLE ENERGY DEVELOPMENT PREPARED BY THE NATIONAL CONFERENCE OF STATE LEGISLATURES MARCH 2012 SOUTH DAKOTA Contents State Taxes

More information

San Antonio Energy Efficiency Potential: Preliminary Assessment

San Antonio Energy Efficiency Potential: Preliminary Assessment San Antonio Energy Efficiency Potential: Preliminary Assessment Arjun Makhijani, Ph.D. President, Institute for Energy and Environmental Research www.ieer.org arjun@ieer.org Key Findings With visionary

More information

SOLAR POWER IN SANTA CLARA COUNTY MARKETS AND DEVELOPMENT TRENDS

SOLAR POWER IN SANTA CLARA COUNTY MARKETS AND DEVELOPMENT TRENDS SOLAR POWER IN SANTA CLARA COUNTY MARKETS AND DEVELOPMENT TRENDS COUNTY OF SANTA CLARA PLANNING OFFICE APRIL 2010 1 FOR MORE INFORMATION ABOUT THIS PAPER OR SANTA CLARA COUNTY S PV PROGRAM, CONTACT KATJA

More information

RENEWABLE ENERGY DEVELOPMENT STATE TAX POLICIES AND INCENTIVES IMPACTING

RENEWABLE ENERGY DEVELOPMENT STATE TAX POLICIES AND INCENTIVES IMPACTING RENEWABLE ENERGY DEVELOPMENT STATE TAX POLICIES AND INCENTIVES IMPACTING RENEWABLE ENERGY DEVELOPMENT PREPARED BY THE NATIONAL CONFERENCE OF STATE LEGISLATURES MARCH 2012 OREGON Contents State Taxes that

More information

Analysis of a 30 Percent by 2030 National Renewable Electricity Standard

Analysis of a 30 Percent by 2030 National Renewable Electricity Standard Analysis of a 30 Percent by 2030 National Renewable Electricity Standard Alison Bailie, Steve Clemmer, and Jeff Deyette May 12, 2015 Photo: istock 2015 Union of Concerned Scientists www.ucsusa.org/30by2030nationalres.pdf

More information

Clean State Energy Actions 2011 Update. colorado

Clean State Energy Actions 2011 Update. colorado Energy Efficiency Building Energy Codes Utility Demand-Side-Management Energy Savings Targets/Energy Efficiency Resource Standards Residential: 2003 IECC, required in jurisdictions with a building code

More information

The New York Solar Doughnut: How New York State is Falling Behind. By Charles Goulding and Spencer Marr

The New York Solar Doughnut: How New York State is Falling Behind. By Charles Goulding and Spencer Marr The New York Solar Doughnut: How New York State is Falling Behind By Charles Goulding and Spencer Marr New York State is falling behind its neighbors to the north, south, east, and west when it comes to

More information

CRS Report Summaries WORKING DRAFT

CRS Report Summaries WORKING DRAFT CRS Report Summaries R40147 Green Buildings This is a definition and analysis of the cost and benefits of green buildings. It also cites agencies and laws that encourage the building of environmentally

More information

ACCELERATING GREEN ENERGY TOWARDS 2020. The Danish Energy Agreement of March 2012

ACCELERATING GREEN ENERGY TOWARDS 2020. The Danish Energy Agreement of March 2012 ACCELERATING GREEN ENERGY TOWARDS The Danish Energy Agreement of March 2012 The most ambitious energy plan of the world In March 2012 a historic new Energy Agreement was reached in Denmark. The Agreement

More information

NEW ENGLAND STATE ENERGY LEGISLATION

NEW ENGLAND STATE ENERGY LEGISLATION 2015 NEW ENGLAND STATE ENERGY LEGISLATION 2015 New England Energy Legislation Summary This summary of 2015 energy legislation in the six New England states is current as of June 16, 2015, and includes

More information

Electric Energy Generation in Washington State. Key Findings from the Association of Washington Business

Electric Energy Generation in Washington State. Key Findings from the Association of Washington Business 2014 Electric Energy Generation in Washington State Key Findings from the Association of Washington Business Washington s economy is built on abundant, reliable and affordable electric energy. Although

More information

Written Testimony Submitted by Mr. Michael Kezar General Manager San Miguel Electric Cooperative, Inc.

Written Testimony Submitted by Mr. Michael Kezar General Manager San Miguel Electric Cooperative, Inc. Written Testimony Submitted by Mr. Michael Kezar General Manager San Miguel Electric Cooperative, Inc. U.S. House of Representatives Committee on Small Business Subcommittee on Agriculture, Energy and

More information

LADWP GREEN POWER PROGRAM

LADWP GREEN POWER PROGRAM LADWP GREEN POWER PROGRAM INTRODUCTION The Los Angeles Department of Water and Power (DWP), as the power provider for the City of Los Angeles, is offering its customers a comprehensive green power program

More information

Multiple sources of energy will be available, giving the consumer choices. A Higher Percentage of Energy will come from renewable energy sources

Multiple sources of energy will be available, giving the consumer choices. A Higher Percentage of Energy will come from renewable energy sources Editor s comments: Numbers in parentheses indicate the number of duplicate or extremely similar comments made. The headings are editor s best attempt to draft vision statements reflecting the participants

More information

Canada A Global Leader in Renewable Energy Enhancing Collaboration on Renewable Energy Technologies

Canada A Global Leader in Renewable Energy Enhancing Collaboration on Renewable Energy Technologies Canada A Global Leader in Renewable Energy Enhancing Collaboration on Renewable Energy Technologies Energy and Mines Ministers Conference Yellowknife, Northwest Territories August 2013 Canada A Global

More information

62-133.8. Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Portfolio Standard (REPS).

62-133.8. Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Portfolio Standard (REPS). 62-133.8. Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Portfolio Standard (REPS). (a) Definitions. As used in this section: (1) "Combined heat and power system" means a system that uses waste heat to produce

More information

Wind Energy in Texas: Developments & Trends

Wind Energy in Texas: Developments & Trends Wind Energy in Texas: Developments & Trends German American Chamber of Commerce of the Southern United States, Inc. Silke Miehlke Director, Consulting Services 2011, Hannover Messe Agenda Market Overview

More information

The California Environmental Protection Agency works to restore, protect,

The California Environmental Protection Agency works to restore, protect, Environmental Protection The California Environmental Protection Agency works to restore, protect, and enhance environmental quality. The Agency coordinates the state s environmental regulatory programs

More information

Clean State Energy Actions 2011 Update. nevada

Clean State Energy Actions 2011 Update. nevada Energy Efficiency Appliance/Equipment Efficiency Standards Building Energy Codes Utility Demand-Side-Management Utility Rate Realignment Energy Savings Targets/Energy Efficiency Resource Standards Requires

More information

Solar Energy Implementation Proposal to Meet all of the Nation s Energy Needs

Solar Energy Implementation Proposal to Meet all of the Nation s Energy Needs Solar Energy Implementation Proposal to Meet all of the Nation s Energy Needs Sara Albrecht Background Most of the world s energy is generated through the burning of fossil fuels such as oil, natural gas,

More information

Chicago Regional Energy Snapshot Profile and Strategy Analysis. Prepared for the Chicago Metropolitan Agency for Planning

Chicago Regional Energy Snapshot Profile and Strategy Analysis. Prepared for the Chicago Metropolitan Agency for Planning Chicago Regional Energy Snapshot Profile and Strategy Analysis Prepared for the Chicago Metropolitan Agency for Planning Table of Contents Executive Summary...1 Regional Energy Profile...3 Introduction...3

More information

Opportunity, Policy, and Practice for Renewable Energy: New Mexico Case Study

Opportunity, Policy, and Practice for Renewable Energy: New Mexico Case Study Opportunity, Policy, and Practice for Renewable Energy: New Mexico Case Study 1 Federal policy: RPS, RES, CES Program Design Element S 3813 Renewable Energy Promotion Act 2010 (Bingaman) S. 1462 American

More information

Texas Wind: The New Oil. The earth is slowly, but surely, exhausting its resources. Fossil Fuels like coal and

Texas Wind: The New Oil. The earth is slowly, but surely, exhausting its resources. Fossil Fuels like coal and Charles Budney English 138T Friday, April 5, 2013 Texas Wind: The New Oil The earth is slowly, but surely, exhausting its resources. Fossil Fuels like coal and petroleum are undeniably a finite resource.

More information

Pay Later: The Cost of Inaction. Climate change will have a negative impact on many of the industries that 3500 3000 2500 2000 1500 1000 500 5.

Pay Later: The Cost of Inaction. Climate change will have a negative impact on many of the industries that 3500 3000 2500 2000 1500 1000 500 5. FACTS CONNECTICUT A M E R I C A N S E C U R I T Y P R O J E C T Pay Now, Pay Later: Connecticut The Environmental Protection Agency estimates that the cost of protecting Connecticut s coast from the potential

More information

British Columbia s Clean Energy Vision

British Columbia s Clean Energy Vision British Columbia s Clean Energy Vision Innovative Technologies and Green Energy Solutions National Environmental Conference Brunei Darussalam July 1, 2010 Profile of British Columbia Overview British

More information

RELIABILITY OF RENEWABLE ENERGY: SOLAR

RELIABILITY OF RENEWABLE ENERGY: SOLAR RELIABILITY OF RENEWABLE ENERGY: SOLAR Jordan Lofthouse, BS, Strata Policy Randy T Simmons, PhD, Utah State University Ryan M. Yonk, PhD, Utah State University The Institute of Political Economy (IPE)

More information

Developing Ocean Energy in Ireland. Belmullet Wave Energy Test Site

Developing Ocean Energy in Ireland. Belmullet Wave Energy Test Site Developing Ocean Energy in Ireland Belmullet Wave Energy Test Site Where does our energy come from? Most of the energy we use in Ireland comes from fossil fuels such as oil, coal, peat and gas. We burn

More information

Utilities Respond to the Rise of Solar

Utilities Respond to the Rise of Solar Falling costs for rooftop solar photovoltaic (PV) systems, tax incentives and other factors are speeding up the growth of PV installations in many parts of the country. According to a new report from the

More information

Enough Solar Energy falls on New York in ONE DAY to power the state for ONE YEAR

Enough Solar Energy falls on New York in ONE DAY to power the state for ONE YEAR Enough Solar Energy falls on New York in ONE DAY to power the state for ONE YEAR Dr., physicist 1/19/2006 Solar Power to the People 1 3% of the State of New York s land area is covered with buildings and

More information

COUNTY OF LAMBTON OFFICIAL PLAN UPDATE BACKGROUND REPORT NO.

COUNTY OF LAMBTON OFFICIAL PLAN UPDATE BACKGROUND REPORT NO. COUNTY OF LAMBTON OFFICIAL PLAN UPDATE BACKGROUND REPORT NO. 6 RENEWABLE ENERGY Image Source: (Word Clip Art Stock Photo, 2011) Date: May, 2015 BACKGROUND PLANNING AND DEVELOPMENT SERVICES DEPARTMENT 789

More information

Solar Energy Potential of South Africa

Solar Energy Potential of South Africa Solar Energy Potential of South Africa Robyn Hume Background Over the past decade, the energy crisis in South Africa has continued to worsen. The country has a long history of nation-wide, rolling black

More information

Chapter 5 Renewable Energy

Chapter 5 Renewable Energy Chapter 5 Renewable Energy Introduction In FY 2012, 12.2% of the nation's electric power was generated via renewable resources. 26 The Administration s energy strategy encourages increased conventional

More information

Clean State Energy Actions 2011 Update. connecticut

Clean State Energy Actions 2011 Update. connecticut Energy Efficiency Appliance/Equipment Efficiency Standards Building Energy Codes Utility Demand-Side-Management Utility Rate Realignment Energy Savings Targets/Energy Efficiency Resource Standards Public

More information

Rooftop Solar Adoption in Emerging Residential Markets

Rooftop Solar Adoption in Emerging Residential Markets Rooftop Solar Adoption in Emerging Residential Markets By Mari Hernandez May 29, 214 Solar energy has become a tangible solution to rising electricity costs and carbon emissions for many Americans. Declining

More information

Renewable Energy Development in Uzbekistan

Renewable Energy Development in Uzbekistan Conference Integration of Central Asia into the World economy: Role of Energy and Infrastructure 22 October 2007, Washington D.C. Renewable Energy Development in Uzbekistan Technology Transfer Agency is

More information

12.5: Generating Current Electricity pg. 518

12.5: Generating Current Electricity pg. 518 12.5: Generating Current Electricity pg. 518 Key Concepts: 1. Electrical energy is produced by energy transformations. 2. Electrical energy is produced from renewable and non-renewable resources. 4. Electrical

More information

Local Solar. bikeriderlondon / Shutterstock.com. Local Solar Power

Local Solar. bikeriderlondon / Shutterstock.com. Local Solar Power bikeriderlondon / Shutterstock.com Local Solar Power Production of electricity from fossil fuels creates pollution, including smog and green house gas emissions. Combining the abundance of sunshine our

More information

Solar: Power Today. June 2011

Solar: Power Today. June 2011 Solar: Power Today June 2011 Residential 1-10 kw Commercial Rooftop 10 kw 1 MW Utility Scale 1 MW 250 MW Solar Growing Rapidly, Averaging 65% Compound Annual Growth Rate for the Past 5 Years 17 nuclear

More information

General/Broad Issues (G) Adopted Date

General/Broad Issues (G) Adopted Date DRAFT Table of Potential (Tier II) GHG Reduction Options for Future Focused Discussions ( may make additional nominations for consideration) ID# Measure Source Proposed to G-1 CSA s CO 2 should be inclusive

More information

Discover and Prosper Energy Webinar Series: Tax Credits to Help Make Your Michigan Small Business Energy Efficient

Discover and Prosper Energy Webinar Series: Tax Credits to Help Make Your Michigan Small Business Energy Efficient Discover and Prosper Energy Webinar Series: Tax Credits to Help Make Your Michigan Small Business Energy Efficient Mary Huttlinger Small Business Majority Small Business Majority Small Business Advocacy

More information

RENEWABLE ENERGY STANDARDS AND

RENEWABLE ENERGY STANDARDS AND RENEWABLE ENERGY STANDARDS AND LEGISLATIVE PATHS TO IMPLEMENTATION Robert S. Kenney, Commissioner Missouri Public Service Commission P.O. Box 360 Jefferson City, MO 65102 (573) 751-4132 robert.kenney@psc.mo.gov

More information

Overview of Long Island Electric Service Territory

Overview of Long Island Electric Service Territory Overview of Long Island Electric Service Territory Long Island Electric Service Territory» Long Island s electric service customers are located in Nassau County and Suffolk County (except for the villages

More information

Testimony Pennsylvania Implementation of the United States Environmental Protection Agency s Clean Power Plan

Testimony Pennsylvania Implementation of the United States Environmental Protection Agency s Clean Power Plan Testimony Pennsylvania Implementation of the United States Environmental Protection Agency s Clean Power Plan Presented to: Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection Presented by: Carl A. Marrara

More information

The North Carolina Solar Center

The North Carolina Solar Center The North Carolina Solar Center Solar Development in NC: A plus for local economic development For the Local Resources and Local Energy Production Workshop NC Association of County Commissioners Annual

More information

Program Plan. Revised and Updated. August 1, 2011

Program Plan. Revised and Updated. August 1, 2011 Program Plan Revised and Updated August 1, 2011 Mission NC GreenPower (NCGP) is a statewide program designed to improve the quality of the environment by encouraging the development of renewable energy

More information

Policy Brief International Renewable Energy Investment Credits Under a Federal Renewable Energy Standard

Policy Brief International Renewable Energy Investment Credits Under a Federal Renewable Energy Standard Policy Brief International Renewable Energy Investment Credits Under a Federal Renewable Energy Standard Andrew Stevenson and Nigel Purvis* July 13, 2010 Key Findings Allowing regulated entities to comply

More information

The Hidden Costs of Solar Power

The Hidden Costs of Solar Power The Hidden Costs of Solar Power Brian H. Potts Foley & Lardner, LLP The Economics of Rooftop and Utility-Scale Solar Cashing in on Federal/State/Local Solar Subsidies The Fixed v. Variable Fee Debate Current

More information

March 31, 2008. Environmental Management Commission Attention: Renewable Energy Scoping Process 1617 Mail Service Center Raleigh, NC 27699-1617

March 31, 2008. Environmental Management Commission Attention: Renewable Energy Scoping Process 1617 Mail Service Center Raleigh, NC 27699-1617 BLUE RIDGE ENVIRONMENTAL DEFENSE LEAGUE 332 Shady Grove Church Road Winston-Salem, NC 27107 Tel (336) 769-0955 - Fax (336) 769-9198 - E-mail: davidmickey@bellsouth.net www.bredl.org March 31, 2008 Environmental

More information

Going Green: Installing Solar Panels around the Campus of Widener University

Going Green: Installing Solar Panels around the Campus of Widener University Going Green: Installing Solar Panels around the Campus of Widener University by Andrea Stickley Student at Widener University November 27, 2012 Abstract In recent years, it has come to light about the

More information

Imagine a company that has shipped solar panels equivalent to the capacity of 8 nuclear plants. This is Suntech.

Imagine a company that has shipped solar panels equivalent to the capacity of 8 nuclear plants. This is Suntech. that has shipped solar panels equivalent to the capacity of 8 nuclear plants. Our Headquarters: 80% of our electricity is drawn from renewable energy sources. Our facade is the largest grid-connected building

More information

Growing the Green Economy

Growing the Green Economy Growing the Green Economy Labour Green Economy Paper.indd 1 05/02/2016 17:44 Our Plan Establish a green infrastructure fund worth 1bn. We recognise the need to fund immediate action on climate change.

More information

Renewable Energy on Regional Power Grids Can Help States Meet Federal Carbon Standards

Renewable Energy on Regional Power Grids Can Help States Meet Federal Carbon Standards FACT SHEET Renewable Energy on Regional Power Grids Can Help States Meet Federal Carbon Standards In June 2014, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) used its authority under Section 111(d) of

More information

Energy Situation in Egypt

Energy Situation in Egypt Energy Situation in Egypt Egypt has traditionally been a net exporter of energy. Until the late 1990s, it exported oil, but oil production has declined from its peak in the early 1990s, and now roughly

More information

Fact Sheet on China s energy sector and Danish solutions

Fact Sheet on China s energy sector and Danish solutions Fact Sheet on China s energy sector and Danish solutions 1. EXPANSION WITH RENEWABLE ENERGY: China focuses on a massive expansion with non fossil energy that is renewable energy and nuclear energy. The

More information

Introduction From DEC s President and CEO

Introduction From DEC s President and CEO Delaware Electric Cooperative Sustainability Report 2014-2015 Introduction From DEC s President and CEO Every day employees at Delaware Electric Cooperative arrive at work with one clear objective; To

More information

Creating and Retaining Sustainable Good Green Jobs

Creating and Retaining Sustainable Good Green Jobs RESOLUTION 10 Creating and Retaining Sustainable Good Green Jobs Submitted by the Executive Council Referred to the Legislation and Policy Committee ADDRESSING GLOBAL CLIMATE CHANGE, protecting our environment

More information

Transforming America s Energy Future. Kentucky. Energy Statistics. Developed by

Transforming America s Energy Future. Kentucky. Energy Statistics. Developed by Transforming America s Energy Future Kentucky Energy Statistics Developed by 2 2 Summary The first edition of Kentucky Energy Statistics is offered by the National Association for State Energy Officials

More information

SECTOR ASSESSMENT (SUMMARY): ENERGY. 1. Sector Performance, Problems, and Opportunities

SECTOR ASSESSMENT (SUMMARY): ENERGY. 1. Sector Performance, Problems, and Opportunities Country Operations Business Plan: Philippines, 2013 2015 SECTOR ASSESSMENT (SUMMARY): ENERGY 1. Sector Performance, Problems, and Opportunities 1. Challenges. Economic growth has been impeded in the Philippines

More information

BHI Policy Study. The Economic Impact of North Carolina s Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Portfolio Standard

BHI Policy Study. The Economic Impact of North Carolina s Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Portfolio Standard BHI Policy Study The Economic Impact of North Carolina s Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Portfolio Standard David G. Tuerck, Ph.D. Michael Head, MSEP Paul Bachman, MSIE THE BEACON HILL INSTITUTE

More information

Busting Myths about Renewable Energy

Busting Myths about Renewable Energy Symposium on Renewable Energy: the Future for Australia, UNSW 15 April 2014 Busting Myths about Renewable Energy Dr Mark Diesendorf Institute of Environmental Studies University of New South Wales Sydney,

More information