Finance Homework Julian Vu May 28, 2008


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1 Finance Homework Julian Vu May 28, 2008 Assignment: p Problems 11 and 12 p Questions 42, 43, and 44, and Problems 41, 42, 43, and 413 P11 A Treasury Bond that matures in 10 years has a yield of 6 percent. A 10year corporate bond has a yield of 8 percent. Assume that the liquidity premium on the corporate bond is 0.5%. What is the default risk premium on the corporate bond? maturity = 10 years liquidity premium = 0.5% r = rf + IP + DRP + LP + MRP DRP = r + LP= rtbond  rcorporatebond + LP = 6%  8% +.05% = 1.5% Default Risk Premium = 1.5% P12 e real riskfree rate is 3%, and inflation is expected to be 3% for the next 2 years. A 2year treasury security yields 6.2%. What is the maturity risk premium for the 2year security? rf = 3% IP = 3% rtbill = 6.2% MRP=? market rate = rf + IP + DRP + LP + MRP 6.2% = 3% + 3% MRP MRP = 6.2%  3%  3% MRP = 0.2% Maturity Risk Premium = 0.2%
2 Q42 e values of outstanding bonds change whenever the going rate of interest changes. In general, shortterm interest rates are more volatile than longterm interest rates. erefore, shortterm bond prices are more sensitive to interest rate changes than are longterm bond prices. Is this statement true or false? Explain. is statement is partially true in that values are affected by changes in interest rates. e statement is false however, in the sense that shortterm bonds are more volatile than longterm bonds. is is in fact, not the case, because interest rate risk has two factors; change in rates, and the time factor. e longer the time is (in this case, the longer the maturity), the greater the effect will be on subsequent bond. Q43 e rate of return you would get if you bought a bond and held it to its maturity date is called the bond s yield to maturity. If interest rates in the economy rise after a bond has been issued, what will happen to the bond s price and to its YTM? Does the length of time to maturity affect the extent to which a given change in interest rates will affect the bond s price? e risk from a change in interest rates can be either more or less effective depending on the time left until maturity. A bond with a longer time to maturity will be affected greater because a bond with a greater maturity will have a higher YTM. A shorter maturity will not affect the YTM as much (from interestrate change), because there rate will already be lower. Q44 If you buy a callable bond and interest rates decline, will the value of your bond rise by as much as it would have risen if the bond had not been callable? Explain. With callable bonds, there are several factors for example how much the callable rate/price is, as well as the term to call. Depending on the callable rate/price in comparison with the par rate, and depending on the term to call in relation to the TTM, a decline in interest rates may result in varied results.
3 P41 Callaghan Motors bonds have 10 years remaining to maturity. Interest is paid annually, the bonds have a $1,000 par value, and the coupon interest rate is 8%. e bonds have a yield to maturity of 9%. What is the current market price of these bonds? TTM = 10 years Par = $1,000 C = 8% ($80) YTM = 9% Price =? Using Finance Functions on 12c: n = 10 i = 9(%) PMT = 80 FV = 1000 PV = solve PV = $ Current Market Price = $ P42 Wilson Wonders bonds have 12 years remaining to maturity. Interest is paid annually, the bonds have a $1,000 par value, and the coupon interest rate is 10%. e bonds sell at a price of $850. What is their yield to maturity? TTM = 12 years Par = $1,000 C = 10% ($100) Price = $850 YTM = solve Using Finance Functions on 12c: n = 12 PMT = 100 PV = 850 PMT = 100 i = solve i = % Yield to Maturity = 12.48%
4 P43 atcher Corporation s bonds will mature in 10 years. e bonds have a face value of $1,000 and an 8% coupon rate, paid semiannually. e price of the bonds is $1,100. e bonds are callable in 5 years at a call price of $1,050. What is their yield to maturity? What is their yield to call? TTM = 10 years Face Value = $1,000 C = 8% ($40 semiannual) Price = $1,100 Pricecallable = $1,050 TTC = 5 years YTM = solve YTC = solve Using Finance Functions on 12c: (For Yield to maturity) n = 20 PMT = 40 PV = FV = 1000 i = solve i/2 = % i = 6.617% YTM = 6.62% Using Finance Functions on 12c: (For Yield to call) n = 9 PMT = 40 PV = FV = 1050 i = solve Note: Instead of having a tenth payment, the exdividend assumption accounts for the tenth cashflow in addition to the final value. i/2 = % i = % YTC = 6.38% Yield to Maturity = 6.62% Yield to Call = 6.38%
5 P413 Suppose Ford Motor Company sold an issue of bonds with a 10year maturity, a $1,000 par value, a 10 percent coupon rate, and semiannual interest payments. a. Two years after the bonds were issued, the going rate of interest in bonds such as these fell to 6%. At what price would the bonds sell? TTM = 10 years Par = $1,000 Coupon = 10% ($50 payments) r = 6% (after two years) Using Financial Functions on 12c: n = (10 x 2)  (2 x 2) = 16 i = 6% x.5 = 3 PMT = $100 x.5 = 50 FV = 1000 PV = solve PV = $1, Bond Price = $1, b. Suppose that, 2 years after the initial offering, the going interest rate had risen to 12%. At what price would the bonds sell? TTM = 10 years Par = $1,000 Coupon = 10% ($50 payments) r = 12% (after two years) Using Financial Functions on 12c: n = (10 x 2)  (2 x 2) = 16 i = 12% x.5 = 6 PMT = $100 x.5 = 50 FV = 1000 PV = solve PV = $ Bond Price = $898.94
6 c. Suppose that the conditions in part a existed that is, interest rates fell to 6 percent 2 years after the issue date. Suppose further that the interest rate remained at 6% for the next 8 years. What would happen to the price of the Ford Motor Company bonds over time? As time progresses, the price/value of the bond will slowly decrease. is table illustrates that: Using Financial Functions in 12c: (Assume i, PMT, and FV remain constant for following figures) n Price 20 $1, $1, $1, $1, $1, $1, erefore, the price decreases over time.
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