Pronunciation Lesson

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1 Alphabet Pronunciation Lesson LETTERS EXAMPLES ENGLISH SOUNDS ENGLISH WORDS A Arancia B Banana C: CE CI Cento C: CHE CHI Chiaro C: CA CO CU C+Cons Carota D E F Dieci Elefante Fungo G: GE GI Gelato G: GHE GHI Ghiaccio G: GA GO GU G+Cons Gatto H I L M N O P Q R S T U V Z 1. Consonant Letters: B C D F G H L M N P Q R S T V Z 2. Vowels A E I O U Hotel Italia Latte Mela Noce Otto Pasta Quattro Riso (The standard Italian R sound is similar to the Scottish R in English) Spaghetti Torta Uva Vino Zucca Words to practice the pronunciation of the vowels: ITALIAN ENGLISH ITALIAN ENGLISH Aereo Plane Uomo Men Isole Eolie Aeolian Islands Due Two Mar Ionio Ionian Sea Più More Aosta Aosta Paura Fear Europa Europe Acqua Water Io I Zio Uncle Uovo Egg Cuore Heart Created by New Realm Media for La Bella Figura Experience Italian Culture. September

2 Ae Ai Ao Au Paese Mai Aosta Australia Ea Ei Eo Eu Creare Miei Eolie Europa Ia Ie Io Iu Mia Mie Mio Giudice Oa Oe Oi Ou Boa Poeta Poi Ua Ue Ui Uo Quando Questo Qui Uomo Other cluster of letters which may be hard to pronounce: 1. SCa. SCI SCE: when SC- is followed by I or E, the C is mild. These groups of letters are pronounced as the English SH- (for example in the word she). As a consequence, all these groups of letters will be pronounced with a SH sound: SCE scelta (choice) SCI scimmia (monkey) SCIA sciarpa (scarf) SCIE scienza (science) SCIO sciocco (a silly person) SCIU asciutto (dry) b. SCHI SCHE SCA SCO SCU: when SC- is followed by H, or the vowels A, O, U, the C is strong (K sound). These groups of letters are pronounced as the English SC-/SK- (for example the word Risk) As a consequence, all these groups of letters will be pronounced with a SC/SK sound: SCHE scheda (form, file) SCHI rischi (risks) SCA scarpa (shoe) SCO casco (helmet) SCU scuola (school) SCHIA mischiare (to mix) SCHIO maschio (male) SCHIU schiuma (froth) 2. GLI and its combinations: GLIA GLIE GLIO GLIU This sound, which is very used in Italian, is not a common sound of English. However, you can find it in some words, for example in the word Million. Voglia (will, inclination) Maglione (sweater) Maglietta (T-shirt) Meglio (better) Coniglio (rabbit) 3. GN- and its combinations: GNA- GNE- GNI- GNO- This sound is used in English as well, for example in the word Onion Gnocchi Gnomo (gnome) Some basic pronunciation rules: 1. In Italian the only silent letter is the H. All the other letters MUST be pronounced. 2. Italian words usually end with a vowel, which must be pronounced, as it is the part of the word which usually carries the grammatical/functional information. Example: ragazzo (boy) - ragazza (girl) ragazzi (boys or a group of boys and girls) ragazze (girls) 3. Italian has some double consonant letters. These ones must be pronounced as if there were a short pause in front of them. Example: dita (fingers) ditta (enterprise) sono (I am/they are) sonno (sleepiness) Created by New Realm Media for La Bella Figura Experience Italian Culture. September

3 Stress: Usually, words are stressed on the second last syllable. Example: al.ber.go (hotel) i.de.a (idea) When the stress falls on the last vowel that vowel will have a grave accent. Example: città (city) caffè (coffee) perchè (why/because) così (that is) però (but) più (more/most) A minority of words are stressed on the first syllable or on syllables that are not the second last. A good way to memorize them may be to mark the stressed syllable with an accent (even though in written Italian these stresses are not marked). Example: ti.mi.do (shy) bel.lis.si.mo (beautiful) Some words end with a combination of two vowels. Generally, the endings ia, -ie, and -io are pronounced together, in a single syllable (Ve.ne.zia, dop.pio - double). However, they may be some exceptions (scri.va.ni.a desk) 1. Alphabet Exercises Circle the vowels and underline the consonants. Then write an Italian word for each sound. A B C D E F G H I L M N I O P Q R S T U V Z Created by New Realm Media for La Bella Figura Experience Italian Culture. September

4 2. Exercise 6a, 6b and 6c Created by New Realm Media for La Bella Figura Experience Italian Culture. September

5 3. Exercise with GLI: Write GLIA, GLIE, GLIO instead of the dots and form the correct Italian words. Then repeat the word. 1. Gli scolari svo ti non ottengono mai risultati soddisfacenti. 2. Marco compra una tova nuova. 3. Quel negozio di ma..ria ha ottimi prezzi. 4. L alpinista per salire verso il ghiacciaio indossa un ma ne di lana. 5. L albero del ti., a maggio, profuma tutto il giardino. 6. Il mio tova lo è pieno di macchie. 7. C è un coni grigio in giardino. 8. Sullo sco ci sono molte conchi Il mio esercizio è sba to. 10. Il proverbio dice: Chi non semina non racco. 4. Exercise with SC- (SH/SK) Write SCI-SCE, SCHI-SCHE, SCA, SCO, SCU instead of the dots and form the correct Italian nouns. Then repeat the words tola ( box) 2....da ( file) 3..do ( shield) 4. ca... ( helmet) 5....ena (Meaning 1: back).ena (Meaning 2 : scene) 6. ma..o ( male) 7...uma (Meaning. foam) 8. pro utto ( ham) 9. a.nsore ( lift) 10. li o ( smooth) Created by New Realm Media for La Bella Figura Experience Italian Culture. September

6 5. exercice with GN- Read loud the following words with GN-, and match them with their appropriate meaning: 1. Legno a.toilet/bathroom 2. Sogno b.wood 3. Bagno c.dream 4. Segno d.gnome 5. Gnomo e.sign 6. The stress Read loud the following words and underline the stressed syllable Caffè scrivania mela banana bellissimo camera venezia dopo bagno prosciutto scena scatola coniglio cicliegia - così albergo conchiglia tovaglia idea tavolo sonno legno latte spaghetti - riso Created by New Realm Media for La Bella Figura Experience Italian Culture. September

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