International Market Research of OSB and the Perspectives of Development in the Greek Market

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1 'EQEUVU uyoqa; 'lou OSB fne9vro; XUt Ot!tQoo!t'ttxt; uva!t'tusti; 'lou o'tt)v EAAT)VtXti uyoqa Mrtas PcivTJ, KroV(J'taV'tlVO,l, llartabortouj.o, lrocivvtj;1,2, Mav'tcivTJ ' r loqyw;2, Koxxa EUayy J.la 3 I EQya01;~QLO ~aolx~ OLXOVO!lLX'ij, T!l~!la ~aooaoyla xm <l>uolxou IlEQL~unovLO, A.Il.e., ewoaaovlxl] 2 T!lYH..l.a LXEbLaO!lOU xm TEXvoAoyLa SUAOU xm EnbtAou, TIaQUQ"tl]lla KaQbLwa, TEl i\uqwa, KaQbLwa 3~aoaQxELo TQLXUAWV, TQLxaAa IIEQO':I1lVTI H avuauol] "tl] U<PW"tUIlEVl] xatuo"taol] ble8vro, EVO VEOU 0XEtLXU nqol0vlo. SUAOU, LOU OSB, anu xm OL nqoontlxe avumus~ LOU o"tl]v Enuba, ano"teaouv LO avtlxelilevo "tl] naqouol] EQyaoLa. Ano"tl] blesaywy'ij beu"teqoyevou EQEuva, nqoexu"\j!e O"tL l] avumusl] LOU OSB o"tl]v nayxoo!lla ayoqu ylvetal IlE noau IlEYUAO Qu81l0. OL HTIA xm 0 Kavabu XUtEXOUV LO!lqaAu"tEQo IlEQlbw naqaywy~ OSB, EVro ano tl E~wna'CxE XroQE SEXWQll;ouv l] ranla, reqllavla, IlolcwvLa xm Mq. BQE"tavLa. MqaAu"tEQE ELaaYWYE nqayllalonolouv OL HTIA (nuvw ano XIl), EVro OE EUQwna'(xo EnLnEbo OL: req!lavla, haala, Auo"tQLa xm M. BQE"tavLa xqalouv ta nqw "tela. Ooov acpoqu tl EsaYWYE 0 Kavabu XataAa!l~UvEL"tl] «!leqlba LOU AEOVLO» (nuvw ano 7,4 EXat. xll), Evrol] TIoAwvLa, reqllavla, ranla xm BEAYW nqayilutonolouv oyxou ESaywyrov ano XLA. XIl. H ileal] nayxoollla tlll'ij ayoqu ",ou OSB aveqxe"tm OE 147 $/XIl. LLOV Enl]VLXO xroqo OL EmXELQ~oEL SUAOU xm EnLnAOu yvwqll;ouv"to nqo'cov OE noooo"to 53%, Evro"tO 32% au"trov "to XQl]OLllonOLouv 'ijbl], IlEOW Ewaywyrov, xuqlw ano "tl] BouAyaQla OE noooo"to 60%. H xuqla nl]y~ nal]qo<poql]ol] "twv XQ'ijOEWV "tou OSB ELvm OL nqo!ll]8eu"te OE noooo"to 54%, EVro 0 XUQLO"tE QO A6yo XQ~Ol] tau ELvm l] Xalll]AO"tEQl] tlll'ij tau OE 0XEOl] IlE una av"taywvlotlxu "tou nqo'lov"ta, onw ta avtlxonl]"tu, anu xm "to llaolcp SUAO. OL nqoontlxe avun"tusl] tau OSB o"tl)v Enl]VLX~ ayoqu <palve"tm va ELvm Lbwl"tEQa xaa. Ai El~ 'J<,AEl(mi: OSB, QE'Uva ayoqct.~ rcqo'lov'twv ~VAO'U, Efl,rcOQLOAoyi.a rcqo'lov'twv ~VAO'U, bleevij~ ayoqct. rcqo"lov'twv ~VAO'U, rcaqaywyij OSB, ELOaywy ~ OSB, E~aywy ~ OSB. International Market Research of OSB and the Perspectives of Development in the Greek Market Baxevanis Konstantinos 1, Papadopoulos Ioannis 1,2, Mantanis Georgios2, Kokka Evaggelia 3 1 Forest Economic Laboratory, School of Forestry and Natural Environment, A.U.Th., Thessaloniki Department of Wood and Furniture Technology and Design, Karditsa Branch of TEI-Larisa, Karditsa 3Forest Office of Trikala, Trikala 227

2 Summary The analysis of the existing situation internationally, of a new relatively lumber product, the OSB, but also the perspectives of its development in Greece, is the objective of the present paper. By a secondary research it came out that the development of OSB in the worldwide market is moving up with a fast rate. United States and Canada have the greatest share in OSB production whereas among European countries France, Germany, Poland and United Kingdom are the major producers. The biggest imports are made by United States (over 7 million m 3 ), while at european level Germany, Italy, Austria and United Kingdom have the first place. As concerns the exports, Canada takes the "lion's share" (over 7,4 million m 3 ), whereas Poland, Germany, France and Belgium carry out exports from thousands m 3 The average global market price of OSB amounts to 147 $/m 3. In the greek place the wood and furniture enterprises have a knowledge of the product at a rate of 53% whereas 32% are already using it, via imports, mainly from Bulgaria at a rate of 60%. The main information source Are the suppliers at a rate of 54%, while the major reason of its use is the lower price in respect to other competitive products such as plywood and solid wood. The perspectives of the OSB development in the greek market seem to be particularly fair. Key words: OSB, market research of lumber products, merchandizing of wood products, international market of lumber products, OSB production, OSB imports, OSB exports. Ewu'Y(J)'Ytl 'EXCL cmaruwv8cl xm:a XaLQov<; T] avayxt] OQ80AOYLX~<; a~lojtolt]ot]<; 'tou ~VAOU XaL 'tcdv UJtOACL/l/lU'tCDV aulov yla 'tt]v JtaQayCDy~ VECDV JtQO'LOV'tCDV amov, 'ta OJtOLa /ljtoqovv va av'tlxa'tao't~oouv 'to /laolcp ~VAO Oc JtoAM<; XQ~OCL<; XaL va /lclwoouv 'ta /lclovcx't~/la'ta JtOU am6 JtaQoumu~CL (JtOL6'tT]'ta, 'tl/l~, ~UQO<; XAn). AAACDO'tc 't600 T] av6.jt'tu~t] XaL ccpaq/loy~ ajto'tcaco/la'tl'xwv 'tcxvoaoylwv O'tT]V a~lojtolt] OT] LOU ~VAOU, 600 XaL T] avajt'tu~t] XaL JtQow8T]0T] ujtoxa'tao'ta'tcdv 'tou /laolcp ~VAOU XaL 'tcdv JtQo'L6v'tCDV 'tou clval ajt6 LOU<; JtAEOV ajt060'tlx6'tcqou<; 'tq6jtou<; YLa va /lclcd8el 'to EAACL/l/la Jtou JtaQa'tT]QcL'taL o'tt]v ayoqu 'tou ~VAOU. (L'ta/lOU 2001). 'E'tm Eva 0XE'tLXU VEO JtQO'LOv 'to OSB (Oriented :Stand Board) EXCL XUVcL 'tt]v E/lCPUVL0~ 'tou, ajt6 'to 1982 (o'tov Kava6u), o'tt]v nayx60/lla ayoqa 'tou ~VAOU /lc aqxe'ta xaaa xaqa X'tT]QL0'tL'Xa XaL /lc JtOAV xam<; JtQOOJt'tLXE<;. L'tT]V EUQwJtT], JtQCD'tOACL'tOVQYT]oav cqyoo'tama OSB 0'tT] LXCD'tLa XaL 0'tT] raaala 'to 1986 cvw axoaov8t]oe 11 LouT]6la 'to 1990 (N'taA6<; XaL KaxaQu<; 2001, Duke - Evans 1996). H JtAT]Qocp6QT]oT] XaL JtaQaxoAov8T]0T] 'tou c~cd'tcqlxov XaL cocd'teqlxov JtcQL~UAAOV'tO<; 'tt]<; ayoqu<; 'tou ~VAOU XaL mljtaou 0Xc'tLxa /lc 'tt]v JtoQ La Ev6<; VEOU JtQo'L6V't0<;, O'tT]V JtQO XEL/lEVT] Jt QLJt'tCDOT] 'tou OSB, aaaa XaL 'tt]v cmxolvcdvla /lc 't11v ayoqa, CD<; O'tOLXcLa EVO<; ano't A O/la'tLXOV!!UQXc'twyx MO'tEA L «cx 'tcdv CDV OUX aveu» UJt0XQECD0T] 'tou xaa60u, aaau XaL 'tou EmO'tT]/lOVLXOV X60!!OU XaL 'tcdv E!!JtAcx6!! VCDV CPOQECDV (ToaxAayxavo<; 2000, Muv't~aQT]<; 2003, IIana66JtouAo<; 2005, IIana66JtouAo<; XaL ow. 2005). To OSB (ELx6va 1), ElVaL oumao'tlxa /lla ~ua6jtaaxa, Eva<; 'tvjto<; /loqlooavl6a<;, 0 OJtOL 0<; ajto'teacl'tal an6 ~Ao't!!aXL6La aqx 'ta /lcyuacdv 6Lao'tuoECDV OUYXOAAT]/lEVa!!E x6aaa XaL JtQooava'toALO!!EVa, /le 6LacpoQ <;!!c8660u<;, JtQo<;!!La OQLO!!EVT] 6l V8uvoT] (rqt]yoqlou 2000). LE av'twwt] AOlJt6v!!E 'tt]!!oqlojtaaxa, 'to OSB MO'tcAEL'taL ajt6 JtAavL6La /lcyaav't QCDV 6Lao'taoECDv, 'ta ojtola 6EV JtaQa'taooov'taL a'tax'ta O'tO JtQo L6v. IIQ6xCL'taL yla Eva JtQo'L6v Jtou XQT]m/loJtOLEL'taL EUQv'ta'ta O 6LacpoQE<; xa'taoxeue<;, 6JtCD<;: xa'taox ~ 'tolxcdv (ELx6va 2), 6aJtE6CDv, OQ6cpCDV, JtQoxa'taoxCUaO/lEVCDv ojtl'tlwv, x$w'tla, JtaA 't <;, cjt V6VOCL<; X'tA IlavcMrjvlO LlaaoAOYlx6 LvVtOQlO

3 Elxova 1: A:rrOl/JrJ rov :rrqo(ovro~ OSB Picture 1: View of OSB product ElxOva 2: XQrjarJ OSB arrjv xaraaxwrj xarolxufw Picture 2: OSB use in house construction EV'OUvtO/lla Y] YQa/l/l~ JtaQaywy~ axoaou8el 'ty]v E~~ OELQu: /LE'tacpoQu XaL 'ta~lvo/ly]oy] XOQ/lOLE/laXlWV (log hauling and sorting) - an08~xeuo~ 'tou OE VEQO (jackladder) - anocpaolway] xoq/lwv (debarking) - JtaQaywy~ ~uao'te/laxlotwv (stranding) - ajt08~xeuoy] ~uao'te/la XlOtWV (wet bins) - ~~QavoY] (drying) - avu/ll~rl /le xoaaa (blending) - o'tqw/lu'twoy] XaL JtQOoava'toALO/lo 'twv 'te/laxlolwv (forming line) - OU/lJtlEOy] OE JtQEooa (pressing) - 'te/laxlo/lo (finishing line) XaL /le'tacpoqu XaL an08~xeuoy] 'twv JtAaxwv OSB (shipping) (fqy]yoqlou 1989, Spelter 1990). To OUYXEXQL/lEVO JtQo'(ov JtaQouOlU~EL oy]/lav'tlxu JtAEOvEx't~/la'ta, ojtw : EXEL /lquay] /ly] xavlx~ av'tox~, O/lOLO/lOQCPY] OO/l~ XaL E'UxoAy] xa'teqyaota, JtQOOOlOEL UQLO'ty] E/lCPUVLOY] O'tL EcpaQ/loYE 'tou, OlO'tL OEV E/lCPavl~EL QO~ou XaL QayuoE, EXEL E'UxoAy] XaL xaa~ OU/lJtEQlCPOQU o'ty] ouyxoaay]oy], ElVaL 8EQ/l0/lOVW'tlXO, uxauo'to XaL aolu~qoxo (Yla OQLO/lEVOU 't'ujtou OSB-3 XaL OSB-4) XaL'tEAo JtaQouOlU~EL /leyuao OUvtEAEo't~ /le'ta'tqojt~ 'ty] JtQw'tY] 'UAY] (ayyt~el 'to 90%) XaL E'tOl OY]/lLOUQYOW'taL OL EAUXLo'tE ouva'te ajtwaele. To XUQlO'tEQO /lelovex'ty]/la'tou JtQo'(OvtO ElVaL OU YLa 'ty]v JtaQaoxEu~ 'tou, anal'tet'tal UYLE XaL 000 'to ouva'tov mo Eu8u'tEVE ~'UAo (fqy]yoqlou 2000). 'Ooov acpoqu Yla 'to /leaaov 'tou 'JtQo'Lov'to, au'to XQlVE'taL JtoA'U 8E'tlXO. 'OJtw 8a OO'U/lE JtaQaxu'tw, OE oaoxay]qo 'toy XOO/lO, 'to OSB, EXEl ujtooxealoel 'to av'tlxoaay]'to OE JtuQa JtoAAE EcpaQ/loYE 'tou, xa8w 'to xoo'to JtaQayw~ 'tou ElVaL /llxqo'teqo ajt'amo 'tou av'tlxoaay]'to'u. fla 'ty]v xa'taoxeut] 'tou OSB XQy]Ol/lOJtOLO'UV'taL W JtQw'ty] 'UAY] xwvocpoqa (EAu'tY], JtE'UXy]), aaau XUQlW 'taxuau~~ ElOy], ojtw AE'UxE, L'tlE, JtAu'tavOl X't/l., Y] qxa'tuo'ta 0Y] CPU'tELWV 'twv OJtOlWV, 8a /ljtoqo'uoe v' anoleaeoel OLXOVO/lLX~ EVlOXUOy] Yla 'toy EAAY]vlxo JtaQaoaoo~LO JtAY]8uo/l0 (fqy]yoqlou XaL N'taAo 1997). To OSB «xuxaocpoqel» o'ty]v ayoqu XUQlW OE olucpoqa JtUXY] (6-18,5 mm). LXOJtO 'ty] EQEuva au't~, ~'tav va ytvel avuauoy] 'ty] UCPLO'tU/lEVy] xa'tuo'taoy] OE Ol E8vE EJtlJtEOO 'tou E~W'tEQlXO'U E/LJtOQlOU (ELOaywYE, E~aywYE, xa'tavuawoy], JtaQaywy~) 229

4 Mna~c{36.V1]~ Kwvar:avr:ivo~, nana06novao~ Jw6.VV1J~, Mavr:6.V1]~ ruijqyio~, K6xxa Evayyd.ia 'tou OSB, ccpooov JtQona JtQOOtllOQlO'tOUV 'ta XUQla xaqaxty1qlo'tlxu 'tou. L'tT] OUYEXcla T] EQcwa cjtlxcv'tqw8t]xc (HU; JtQOOJt'tlXE avujt'tul;t] 'tou JtQO"L(N'tO au'tou, JtOU cvtlcxoilevw UJtUQXOW, O'tT]v caat]vlx~ ayoqu 'tou XAUtlOU I;UAOU xm cjtljtaou. YAlXo. XUl J.1iOobOl H EQcuva 'tt] JtaYXOOllla ayoqu 'tou OSB, ojtw JtQoava<p Q8T]xc, EYlVc acpcvo Ilc 'tt]v rncl;cqyaola JtQw't0Ycvwv O'tOlXcLWV ano 'tt]v UNECE, 'tl rnlot]llc lo'toocaltlc 'tou Internet, aaau xm OXc'tlX~ ~l~aloyqacpla. L'tT] owexcla JtQOXclll vou va tllajtlo'tw8cl T] xa'tuo'taot] Jtou rnlxqa'tcl 0'tT]V caa T]VlX~ ayoqu 'tou I;UAOU /tm rnljtaou Yla 'to CV AOYW JtQO'(OV, YlVc JtQW'tOYcV~ EQcwa IlEOW cqw 'tt]lla'toaoylwv ano cjtlxclq~ocl JtOU tlqao'tt]qlojtolouv'tm O'tOV XWQO aulo, Ilc 'to xa'tuaat]ao cjtlo'tt]ilovlxo JtQOOWJtlXO, WO'tc va cl;ax80uv 'ta xa'tuaat]aa ano'tcacoilu'ta - OUIlJtcQUOlla'ta xm va YlVOW Ol 0XcUX JtQO'tUOCl. rvwql~ov'ta 'tl 6UOXOAlc JtOU JtaQOUOlU~OV'tm OC 't 'tolou 'tujtou EQcWc xm XUQlW T] IlClWIl VTj av'tanoxqlot] 'twv cqw'twllcvwv, 0'tT] OU!lJtA~QWOT] cqw'tt]lla'toaoylwv, T] cjtlxol VWVla Ilc 'tl c'tmqclc au'te JtQaYlla'tOJtOl~8T]Xc Ilc 'tou cl;~ 'tqcl 'tqojtou : a) anoo'toa~ IlEOW T]AcX'tQOVlXOU 'taxutlqollclou( ),~) OU!lJtA~QWOT] Ilc JtQOOWJtlX~ OUY V'tCUI;T] xm y) OUIlJtA~QWOT] 'tt]accpwvlxw. LUVOAlXU, xa'tu 'ta E'tT] 'tuA8T]xav 82 cqw'tt]lla'toaoyw Jtou cjtlaex8t]xav 'tuxala avu!lcoa oc 200 rnlxclq~ocl Jtou JtcQlAall~uvov'ta 0't0 0XC'tlXO xa'tuaoyo 'tt] ICAP (ICAP 2002) xm T] av'tajtoxqlot] a~a8c o'to Jtoooo'to 8%. 'E'tm XQT]0l1l0JtOl~8T]xc 0'tT] ouvexcla, ou!ljtat]qwllauxu, T] 6ClYlla'toAT]1Pla XWQl Jtl8avo'tT]'tc xm ouyxcxqllleva 'to tlclylla xa'tu XQLOT] (judgment sample) (ZaxaQoJtouAOU 1993, ToaYXAuxavo 2000). XQT]OlIl0JtOlWv'ta 't0l 1l 2 JtaQanuvw Ilc8060u OUIlJtAT]Qw8T]xav 'tcalxu 38 cqw'ttllla'toaoyla OUVOAlXU. Ol Jtl8aVOl AGyOl 'tt] 1lT] JtQo8UIlT] aqxlx~ av'tanoxqlot] 'twv cjtlxclq~ocwv IlJtOQcl va ~'tav: T] EAACl' T] XQovou, 'to IlClWIlEVO cv6lacpeqov Yla 'tt]v EQcwa, T] xaxujt01.!jla ou cv6cxo IlEVW T] EQcwa va 6lcl;uynm ajto XUJtOlOV av'taywvl9't~ 'tou, ~ xm 0 «cpo~o» anoo'toalj O'tOlXcLWV 'tt] c'tmqcla IlEOW 'tou 6la6lx'tuou. fla 'tt] 6lalloQcpwoT] 'tou cqw'tt]lla'toaoylou XQT]0l1l0JtOl~8T]xav XUQlW cqw't~ocl XACl O'tOU 'tujtou JtOAAanAWV cjtlaoywv, Yla va al;lojtolt]8cl 'to JtA OV X'tT]lla 'tt] 1lT] anaoxoat]ot] 'twv cqw'twilevwv Yla IlCYUAO XQOVlXO 6lUO'tT]lla. IIaQuAAT]Aa 0IlW, ujt~qxav xm OQLOIlEVc avolx'te cqw't~ocl, WO'tc va cxcpqu~ouv cacu8cqa 'tt] YVWIlT] 'tou. L'tT] OWEXCla OAa 'ta 6c6ollEva avaau8t]xav o'ta'tlo'tlxu Ilc 'to XOlVWVlXOOlXOVO!!lxo o'ta'tlo'tlxo Jtax 'to SPSSWIN ver 11.0 xm Ylvav Ol 0XC'tlXOl ACYXOl ouxvo't~'twv (Frequencies), JtcQlYQacplx~ o'ta'tlo'tlx~ (Descriptives) xm 6lao'tauQwocwv (Crosstabs) (Dennis and Duncan, 2003, IIaoxaAou6T] xm ZacpClQoJtoUAO 2002, Norusis, 1997). AJ'tO't AioJ.1u'tu 1. YqJW'tU!l Vl1 %u'tuu'tuul1 'tol.l OSB U'tO JtUI'%ou,.uo p.1jto(}l.o H avujt'tul;t] 'tou OSB o'tt]v Jtayxoollw ayoqu YlVC'tal Ilc JtOAU IlCYUAT] 'taxu'tt]'ta. MUALO'ta xa'toq8woc va XcQ6l0Cl IlCYUAO IlcQl6LO ayoqu Ilw Xal EXCl ujtoxa'tao't~ocl 'to av'tlxoaat]'to (Plywood) Oc JtOAAE ccpaqlloye. L'tO LXT]lla 1 cpalvc'tal xa8aqu T] aul;ouoa JtoQcLa Jtou axoaou8cl T] JtaQaywy~ 'tou OSB JtayxoollLW yw 'to XQOVlXO 6lUO'tT]IlU (www.worldforest.org). 230

5 o Q. ~.~ 20.-~~--~~----~--~--~~------~~---. ci ~ 15+-~--~--~--~~~~~---=~--~~~~~ ~ ~ l0 t-~~~~~~~~---;~~~~~=+~~~~.~ ~~~--~--~~~--~~ ~~ =t ~ O~~~~~~~-r~--~~~~~--~~~~~ o ~ LlJ 'hoc; L-xi}f.-ta 1. Ilayxoof.-tw :rca[!aywyi} OSB Figure 1. World production of OSB H 'XU'tUVUAWOl] 'XU'tUO'XEUUOU'XWV panels (UVtL'XOAAl]'tWV 'XaL OSB) EXEl uu~l]8el ~uvu'xu 'tu 'teaeu'tulu 10 XQOVLU o'tl]v A~EQl'XY]. Ol] H OUVOAl'XY] 'tou 'XU'tUVUAWOl] ~EJLEQVU 'tu 'X~ 'to XQovo (www.howelumber.com).to!l yua1j.teqo ~EQO 'tl] JLuQuywyy] panels anoqqocpu'tal o'tl]v uyoqu 'Xu'tuo'Xcuy] ELOWV 'XU'tOl'XLU. Movo 'to 5% uu'ty] 'tl] JLuQuywyY] E~UYE'taL, 'XUQLW, OE EUQWJLl], Kuvuou 'XaL IanwvLu (www.forestweb.com). H A~EQl'XY] EXEl m :QLOQLOEl 'Xu'tu JLOAU 't~ E~UYWYE 'tl] 'teaeu'tulu. Tu UVU'XOAAl]'tU EXOUV XUOEl uq'xno ~EQlOLO uyoqu E~aL'tlU 'tou OSB, 'Xu8w 'to 'teae1jtulo JLQo'(Ov E~cpuvl~naL W 'to 'XUQLUQXO 'XU'tUO'XEUUO'tl'XO panel o'tl]v A~EQl'XY] 'XaL l] ~nu~u 'tou OlUCPOQU, OOOV ucpoqu 'tl]v 'XU'tUVUAWOl],!l YUAWVEL OlUQ'XW (www.builderswebsource.com). To OSB ~OQEL vu uv'tuywvlo'tel Em'tUXl]~EvU 'to UV'tl'XOAAl]'tO E~aL'tlU O'tl yla 'tl]v 'XU'tUO'XEuY] 'tou XQl]Ol~OJLOlOUv'tm OEV'tQU ~E ~l'xqy] 'tou YCYOVO'to Olu~nQO, EXEl XU~l]AO'tEQO 'X00't0 JLUQUYWYy] 'XaL CPUOl'XU JLWAEl'taL cp8l]vo'tequ (rql]yoqlou 2000). H A~EQl'XY] 'XU'tEXEL 'tl]v JLQw'tl] 8EOl] JLUY'XOO~lW o'tl]v JLuQuywyY] 'tou OSB (I1lVU'XU 1), o~w OEV 'XUAUJL'tOV'taL Ol OUVOAl'XE 'tl] UVUY'XE OE OSB. 'E'tOl,'tO 95% 'twv U~EQl'XUVl'XWV ElOUYWYWV OE OSB JLQOEQXOV'taL UJLO 'tov Kuvuou (I1lVU'XU 2). Ol E~UYWYE 'tou Kuvuou ~Em:Qvouv 'Xu'tu JLOAU 'tl UV'tlO'tOlXE U~EQl'XUVl'XE (www.umass.edu). L'tO LXY]~U 2 cpalvnal OU EVW, l] 'XU'tUVUAWOl] UVU'XOAAl]'tWV 'XaL OSB o'tl]v A~EQl'XY] OlUQ'XElU 'tou 1998 (15 E'XU't. 'X~ JLQo'(ov'tO OSB UJLEQ'tEQEL 'Xu'tu 4,5 E'XU't. 'X~. ElVaL JLEQlJLOU lola 'Xu'tu 'tl] JLEQlJLOU), 'teooequ XQOVlU UQYO'tEQU, l] 'XU'tUVUAWOl] 'tou : e1.05 x,xi}f.-ta 2: Kawv6J..wor; avrtxomr;uiw xqt OSB arr;v Af.-tE[!lXi} (www.worldforest.org) Figure 2: Venner and OSB consumption in USA (www.worzdforest.org) 231

6 LUYXQLVOYWC; 1llv J1aQaywY'l10U OSB (ITLvaxac; 1) 01llv EUQWJ1ll iwqa1llq01jlleyla 1ll lle')'aa1j1eqll J1aQaywyo XWQa, 1ll feqllavla, 01L au1~ ELvm lllxq01eqll 30 CPOQEC; ano am~ 1WV HIlA xm 25 CPOQEC; ano am~ 10U Kavaoa. To ye')'ovoc; amo, OE ouvouaollo xm lle 1llv oao xm au~avollevll xa1avaawoll1llc; AllEQLX~C;, OELXVEL OU 010 E')'y1JC; lleaaov xm II J1aQaywy~ xm II Xa1aVaAWOll 01llV EUQ WJ1ll Sa au~llsel OE lle')'aao ~asllo, ECPOOOV UJ1aQ~EL OW01~ J1QO WSllOll1OU J1QO (OV10C;. mvaxas 1. TIUQUYWYT] OSB ae nuyx6a!j.lo mlneoo XU'tU 'tu E't'Y] xa't' 6yxo (ae XLALUOE x!j.) Table 1. OSB world production during per volume (in 1000 m 3 ) XOOQa IffiA KuvuM fuajj.u feq!j.uvlu TIOAWVLU MqUA'Y] BQE'tUVLU IQAuvo(u AO'U~E!J.~01JQYo BEAYLO BO'UAYUQLU A~EQlilla'l't~uv 4 0 PwaLa EYNOAO IIrJyrj: UNECE TIMBER database, as ofjuly xat ur:g f{}yaaia L10V ITLvaxa 2 J1UQa1llQ01JllE 01L OL XWQEC; 1llC; EUQWJ1llC; J10U EXOUV 1LC; lle')'aa1j1eqec; ELoaywyEC; OSB, xu8' OAll 1ll OLUQXELU 1ll<; SE1LUC; ( ) EllcpavL~01JV UUSll1LXEC; 1aOELC;, ooov ucpoqu 10V oyxo ELoaywywv, xa8wc; xm 1llV aslu, J1Allv 1ll<; feqlluvluc; (ITLVUXU<; 4). TI(vaxas 2. EWUYWYE OSB 'twv x'uql6'teqwv XWQwv ae nuj9t6a!j.lo mlneoo xa'tu 'ta E't'Y] ae U~LU XLALUOWV $ xm 6yxo'U XLALUOWV x!j.. Table 2. OSB imports of main countries in the world during in value (1000 $) and volume (1000 m 3 ) altt. XroQa ()1 1 HTIA 2 feq!j.uvlu 3 Kavaou 4 M. BQE'tUVla 5 huij.a 6 A'Ua'tQla A~lU TIo06't!]'tu , , , , ,7 A~LU TIoa6nTm 200,0 292,0 310,0 334,0 338,0 A~LU TIoa6't:!j'ta 58,7 123,0 110,7 112,0 157,0 A~lU TIoa6't:!j'ta 109,8 67,0 72,0 93,5 115,0 A~(u TIo06't~:rca 51,0 67,0 69,0 136,0 A~lU TIoa6't!l'ta 46,0 51,0 56,0 67,7 115,0 IIrJyrj: UNECE TIMBER database, as ofjuly Xat fnc f.(}yaaia..

7 L>WV TILvaxa 3 olaxqlve'wl 0 xuqlaqxo QO)"o 'WU Kavaoa O'W E;aywYLxo q,moqlo 'WU OSB oe nayxoofllo EnLnEOo, EVW oe EUQwna'Lxo EnLnEOo XWQE onw : T] TIoAwvLa, T] reqflavla,11 raaala XaL 'W BEAYLO EXOUV naqajlat]mo OYXO E;aywywv ( Xfl). H fleot] LLflT] ESaywY11 'WU OSB aveqxe'lal oe $/Xfl, EX'LO 'LWV HIlA nou ESayouv oe LLflT] 236 $/Xfl. llivaxa 3. El;aywYE OSB -cwv KlJQ~('n Qwv XWQwv O llayxoofllo mlll bo xma La E't1l O asla XL/l.labwv $ Xal oyxo'lj Xl/I.~abwv Xfl Table 3. OSB exports of main countries in the world during in value (1000 $) and volume of (1000 m 3 ) a/a XWQu ASLU KuvuM TIooc'rrrp;u 5.952, , , , ,00 2 TIOAWVLU ASLU TIOOOtrp;u 169,90 289,80 327,80 283,00 273,30 3 f Qfluvtu ASLU TIOOOt'Y]ta -,1'1,00 10,00 18,00 79,00 238,00 4 funi.u 5 BO.yLO 6 HIlA 7 M. BQ tuvlu ASLU TIooo't'Y]ta 18,90 6,90 230,90 150,10 203,30 ASl.a TIOOOt'Y]ta 12,30 6,00 14,20 202,50 ASLU TIOOOt'Y]ta 89,00 160,00 159,00 147,80 173,20 ASLU TIOOOt'Y]ta 129,30 135,00 115,00 134,20 141,50 JIrrrTj: UNECE TIMBER database, as ofjuly , 'XQl E:lre~e(Jyaaia L'LOV TILvaxa 4 EflcpavLtoV'LaL OL fleoe LLflE ELoaywYT] 'WU OSB XaL naqa'lt]q01jfle 'LT] oxellxa fleyaat] OLacpoQonOLT]oT] nou unaqxel 'LOUAaXLo'LOV oe EUQwna'Lxo EnLnEOo (xuflalve'lal ano $/Xfl), T]'LOL flexql XaL oljlaamaoflo 'LT] 'LLflT] ELOaywYT], YEYOVO nou EnL~E~aLWVEL 'LT]v av'laywvlo'llxo'lt]'la XaL 'LT] OLaJLgaYfla'LEU'LLXT] LXaVO'LT]'La nou unaqxel 0'L0 nayxoofllo EflnOQLO YLa 'LT]v ESE1JQEOT] cp8t]vwv 'LLflWV nqw'lwv UAWV. H EAAaOa O'WV nlvaxa amov EI!CPavLtELaL va ELoaYEL oe 'LLI!E ano 'LL Ul\JT]AO'LEQE 'LT] EUQwnT] (238 $/XI! 'W E'LO 2002).

8 Mna~cf3av'lC:; Kwvmavr[voc:;, llanao6novaoc:; /wavvljc:;, MavraVlJC:; TcwQYtOc:;, K6xxa EvayycAla IILvaxas 4. M Ol1 1:Ll-lll aoayw'yl1<; OSB XWQwv xala La 1: Oc $/XI-l Table 4. Medium price of OSB import of countries during in $/m 3 Ionavia ElAO.fu Kavaoo MqulTj Bg "tavla AuO"tgla OUavOLa haala Ouyyagla HIlA feqlj.avla IIArK0 EMIA zoal' ll'ly1j: UNECE TIMBER database, as ofjuly , xat c nc~cqyaa[a L'tO LXY][.ta 3 nago'llolu<;ov'tal m xa'tavaawoelt; 'to'll OSB o'tt)v E'llgwnT) YLa 'tt)v negl , ono'll 6LaxgLvnaL E[.tcpaVWt; 0 EV'tOVOt; (;.l'ue[.tot; avan't'll~y]t; 'to'll (ano X[.t ~EnEgaoE 'to x/l) (www.worldforest.org) Q; 1000 '"",:1 "'" 800 ci:i ;:) lii: 'III III 10 ' ,<' 200 X 0 " , ;;'. l '",,, / /,,'~1, / / Ii, I ~ LX'rjIW 3 : Kamv6J.wo'YJ OSB OE EVQoJ:TC'YJ Figure : Consumption of OSB in Europe TEAOt;, o'tt)v AOLa, naga'tt)gel'tal /lla aloet)'ty] [.telwot) 'tt)t; xa'tavuawot)t; avllxoa/i.t)'twv XaL ava[.t vnal [.tla [.ttyuat) au~t)ot), 'tt)t; 'tu~t)t; 'to'll 20% o'tt)v xa'tavuawot) OSB, 'to E'tOt; 2010 (www.worldforest.org). 234

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11 ' (]wva ayo(]ac; IOU OSB ou::8vwc; Xat ut n(]ootcl:lxic; avanw 7jc; IOU 07:rJV tjl1]vtx7j ayo(]a rqyjyoqlo'u, A., N'WAO:;, r., OSB MLU VEO'U 'tvjto'u S'UAOJtAUXU ~E JtQOOUVU1OALO~EVU S'UAO'tE~UXLbLU o'tyjv 'UJtYjQEOLU 'twv SVALVWV XU'tUOXE'UWV. OL JtgOOJt'tLXE:; o'tr]v EAAUbu. flvt']~egi,bu «To SVAO OE 'UJtugX0'UOE:; bo~lxe:; JtUALE:; XaL VEE:; 'texvoaoyle:;». MVYj~ELo & I1EQL~UAAOV. I1gUX'tLXU L'UvEbQLo'U: rqyjyoqlo'u, A NEU OVV8E'tU JtQo'(ov'tu SVAO'U. I1uvEmonl~LuxE:; JtUQubOOEL:;. A.I1.B., BEOOUAovLxYj. LEA Dennis, H. and Duncan, C L'tu'tLo'tLxf] ~E 10 SPSS 11 YLU WINDOWS. Exbooa:; KAELbUQL8~o:;, A8f]vu. LEA Duck - Evans, D., Oriented Strand Board at Home in Europe. Forbairt Symposium Dublin, 17 June ZUXUQOJtOVAO'U, X., L'tu'tLO'tLxf], ME8obOl- EcpUQ~OyE:;. 'O~r]Qo:; Master Graph, BEOouAovLxYj. LEA ICAP, EAA'Y)VLXO:; OLXOVO~LXO:; ObYjYO:;. To~o:; 1 BLO~'YJxuvLu, Exbooa:; ICAP, A8f]vu. LEA Muv'ttuQr]:;, I fl'uvu~lxo MUQxE'twyx Ayu8wv XaL YJtYjQWLWV. EXbooa:; B. rxlovqbu:;. A8f]vu. LEA Norusis, M., SPSS Professional Statistics 7.S. Chicago: SPSS Inc. 276 p. N'tUAO:;, r., KuxuQu:;, I., LYj~awoa:; TExvOAOyLu:; 3VAO'U III. TEl AUQwu:; - T~f]~u LXEbLUO~OV XaL TExvOAOyLu:; 3VAOUXaL EJtLJtAO'U, Kugbl'tOU. LEA. 7S. I1uJtUbOJtO'UAO:;, 1., 200S. LYj~awoa:; MugXE'tLVYX I1go'(ov'twv 3VAO'U XaL EJtLJtAO'U. TEl Au QLOU:; - T~f]~u LXEbLuo~ov XaL TEXVOAOyLu:; 3VAO'U XaL EJtLJtAO'U, KUQbL'tou. LEA I1uJtUbOJtO'UAO:;, I., N'tUAO:;, r., LOv'tou:; K., 200S. 'EQE'UVU UVWYWVLO'tLXO'tYj'tu:; XaL uv'tu JtOXQLOYj:; O'tL:; ~E'tU~OAE:; 'to'u ESW'tEQLXOV JtEgL~UAAOV1O:;'tWV 8WOUALXWV EmXELQf]oEwV mljtawv, w:; O'tOlXELu EVO:; 6'UVU~LXOV ~UQXE'tLVYX. rew'texvlxa Emo'tYj~ovLxa BE~U'tU..BEOOUAovLxYj, ('UJto br]~oole'uoyj). I1uoXUAOVbYj:;, fl., ZucpagoJto'UAO:;, K 'EgE'UVU MugxE'tLVYX. Exbooa:; rxlovgbu:;, A8f]vu. LEA. 88. L'tu~o'U N., «E~JtOgLOAOyLu flumxwv I1goYov'twv - I1uvEnLo'tYj~LUXE:; I1uQubOOEL:;» - YJtr]QEoLu flyj~ome'u~u'twv A.I1.B. - BEOOUAovLxYj. LEA Spetler, H., Technical and Economics Consideration in the Development of OSB Specialites. c.c. Crow Publications Inc, April, TOUXAUYXUVOC;, A BumxEC; AQXEC; 'to'u MaQXf.'tLVYx (UVUA'UOYj XaL EQE'UVU 1Yj<; uyo QUC;). Exbooac; Acpwv K'UQLUXi,bYj, BEOOUAovLxYj. LEA Llaaoc; xal NEQ6: llqo07:aa{a tj>volxov lleqlf3illovioc; 237

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