Why do I need to take insulin?

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Why do I need to take insulin?"

Transcription

1 Why do I need to take insulin? Staying in control At Novo Nordisk, we are changing diabetes. In our approach to developing treatments, in our commitment to operate profitably and ethically and in our search for a cure.

2 With you all the way is a patient support programme created by Novo Nordisk, providing practical information on diabetes and its management for children and young adults with diabetes. This material has been reviewed by a panel of experts: Lead Diabetes Specialist Nurse Nicola Lewis, UK Paediatric Endocrinologists Prof Thomas Danne, Germany and Dr Nandu Thalange, UK This information is not designed to replace the advice of a healthcare professional. Please consult your doctor or nurse if you have any questions or concerns about managing your diabetes. Why do I need to take insulin every day? 1

3 It is important that you take insulin every day to maintain control of your diabetes. 1 As your pancreas is no longer able to make insulin, your body is unable to transport glucose from the blood to other cells in the body that need it for energy. 1 Taking insulin, either by injection or by using a pump, helps to regulate your blood glucose levels. 1 If you are receiving injections, you will need to inject insulin several times a day. Some people have a fixed insulin dose with meals and some vary the amount of insulin according to carbohydrate intake (usually called carb counting ). Whether you have a regular fixed dose, or you count carbs, you should also adjust your insulin dose according to your blood glucose level and physical activity. Your insulin needs will change as you grow and develop, so you will have your insulin regimen reassessed regularly. 2 2

4 Sometimes you may forget to take your insulin at the normal time. This will cause your blood glucose to increase. ALEKSEY EVSTRATOV, Russia Aleksey has type 1 diabetes You should discuss with your doctor or nurse what to do if you forget a dose, so you have a plan in place. When your blood glucose is too high, you may notice some of the following signs and symptoms: 1 Feeling hungry Feeling very thirsty Feeling tired or exhausted Frequent urination Blurred vision 3 What if I forget to take my insulin?

5 Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) If hyperglycaemia is left untreated, it may lead to a life-threatening condition called diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA). DKA happens when there is a lack of insulin circulating in the blood, which causes the body to start breaking down fats for energy, producing chemicals called ketones. DKA can be confirmed by testing ketone levels in your blood or urine using testing strips. You should check for ketones if your blood glucose is high, particularly if you are unwell. If you have any of the signs of DKA, tell your parents or teacher immediately or contact your doctor/ nurse directly as you may need to go to hospital. DKA is a medical emergency it is important to take it seriously. Signs of DKA include: 1 Nausea and vomiting Stomach pain Fruity odour on your breath ( ketones ) often described as similar to nail polish remover Rapid breathing Dehydration (e.g. dry tongue, passing urine less frequently) Increased blood glucose levels 4

6 What will happen if I stop taking insulin? Some days you may feel like you want to skip injections, but you should be aware that skipping insulin can have serious consequences. Without adequate insulin your blood glucose levels will increase. High blood glucose (hyperglycaemia) can make you feel unwell and can lead to DKA and other problems like infections, as well as increasing your chance of long-term complications. Risk of long-term problems Poor glucose control over time can increase the risk of long-term complications. 3 Prolonged high blood glucose levels have been shown to increase the risk of problems with your feet, eyes, kidneys, nervous system or heart. 1 Good control will prevent you developing complications for many years. These tests urine and blood tests, eye checks and foot examinations give important early warning signs of problems at a stage when they can be treated. Remember, with good control you can live a normal, healthy life. Taking control of diabetes It is important to learn how to manage your diabetes and how to balance your food intake, insulin dosing and physical activity. 4 Maintaining good glucose control can help to prevent complications in the future. 3 Your doctor or nurse will look out for signs of complications at your routine check-ups. 5

7 You are given a higher glucose target at bedtime to reduce your risk of hypoglycaemia at night. However, it is also important that your blood glucose levels are not too high at bedtime. If you are aiming for a blood glucose level over 10 mmol/l (180 mg/dl) because you are worried about hypoglycaemia, you should talk to your diabetes care team they can advise you on how to stay in control. Don t worry if you don t reach these goals straight away. It can take a long time to get your diabetes under control, and your insulin needs will change during your teenage years. Once you have finished growing (girls around 15 and boys around 17), you may need less insulin. Goals Long-term goals that you should be aiming for are: 5 Before a meal levels should be between 4.0 and 8.0 mmol/l ( mg/dl) 2 hours after a meal levels should be no more than 10.0 mmol/l (180 mg/dl). One way to help you hit your glucose target after meals is to make sure you are injecting on time ideally, just before you eat At bedtime levels should be between 7.0 mmol/l and 10.0 mmol/l ( mg/dl) Lars Myhrer, Norway Lars has type 1 diabetes Talk to your doctor or nurse about your progress and what you can do to get closer to these goals. 6

8 Staying in control of your diabetes 7 Learning to manage your diabetes will help you to balance your blood glucose levels and can help to avoid hypoglycaemia and hyperglycaemia. Your doctor or nurse will teach you how to manage your diabetes.

9 Tips 6 Check your blood glucose regularly This will help to track your blood glucose levels and make adjustments if necessary People who test themselves four or more times a day usually have better blood glucose control than people who test less frequently Keep a record of your progress to help you manage your insulin, and pick out times which are a problem, such as after exercise or before your evening meal. Your diabetes care team can look at the patterns of glucose results and help you get your insulin doses right Learn how to recognise signs of hypoglycaemia and hyperglycaemia Know what you need to do if they happen Try to exercise regularly and adjust your insulin or have a snack when exercising This can help to prevent hypoglycaemia Stick to your meal plans Don t skip meals as this can lead to hypoglycaemia Don t skip insulin doses This can lead to hyperglycaemia and diabetic ketoacidosis 8

10 Hypoglycaemia is not a pleasant experience and you may worry about it happening in front of other people. However, keeping blood glucose levels too high is dangerous in the long-run as it increases your risk of infection, diabetic ketoacidosis and long-term complications. Should I aim for higher blood glucose levels to avoid hypoglycaemia? 9 If you have any questions or concerns, speak to your doctor or nurse.

11 Sude IĞdır, Turkey Sude has type 1 diabetes References 1. NIH Medline Plus Library. Type 1 diabetes. Available at: medlineplus/ency/article/ htm Accessed October Silverstein J et al. Care of children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes. Diabetes Care 2005; 28(1): Rewers MP et al. ISPAD Clinical Practice Consensus Guidelines 2009 Compendium: Assessment and monitoring of glycemic control in children and adolescents with diabetes. Pediatr Diabetes 2009; 10(Suppl. 12): Smart C et al. ISPAD Clinical Practice Consensus Guidelines 2009 Compendium: Nutritional management in children and adolescents with diabetes. Pediatr Diabetes 2009; 10(Suppl. 12): Diabetes UK. Children and diabetes. Available at: Accessed October NIH Medline Plus Library. Managing your blood sugar. Available at: gov/medlineplus/ency/patientinstructions/ htm Accessed October Novo Nordisk website. Available at: Accessed October

12 About Novo Nordisk This information was developed by Novo Nordisk, a global healthcare company specialising in the care of people with diabetes. Novo Nordisk was started up almost 90 years ago by a Danish couple with a passion for changing diabetes. August Krogh was a professor at the University of Copenhagen and Nobel Prize winner and his wife Marie, a doctor and researcher into metabolic diseases, suffered from type 2 diabetes. They learned of insulin being developed in Canada and were determined to ensure access to insulin for everyone with diabetes, hence in 1923 Novo Nordisk was born. Since then Novo Nordisk has grown to become a world leader in the provision of diabetes products and support for patients of all ages. 7 We fully understand the challenges that children with diabetes face and are working together with parents, schools and healthcare professionals to improve the care of children with diabetes, as they grow up and develop. For more information about Novo Nordisk, please visit: This information is not designed to replace the advice of a healthcare professional. Please consult your doctor or nurse if you have any questions or concerns about managing your diabetes. APROM ID#4599; approval date: December Changing Diabetes and the Apis bull logo are registered trademarks of Novo Nordisk A/S. Novo Nordisk A/S Novo Alle 2880 Bagsværd Denmark

WHAT TO do on a sick day

WHAT TO do on a sick day WHAT TO do on a sick day Support in case of illness www.withyoualltheway.info At Novo Nordisk, we are changing diabetes. In our approach to developing treatments, in our commitment to operate profitably

More information

How do I take insulin?

How do I take insulin? How do I take insulin? A guide to insulin devices www.withyoualltheway.info At Novo Nordisk, we are changing diabetes. In our approach to developing treatments, in our commitment to operate profitably

More information

ANY QUESTIONS ON DIABETES?

ANY QUESTIONS ON DIABETES? ANY QUESTIONS ON DIABETES? Frequent questions and common terms www.withyoualltheway.info At Novo Nordisk, we are changing diabetes. In our approach to developing treatments, in our commitment to operate

More information

What should I eat? A guide to healthy eating.

What should I eat? A guide to healthy eating. What should I eat? A guide to healthy eating www.withyoualltheway.info At Novo Nordisk, we are changing diabetes. In our approach to developing treatments, in our commitment to operate profitably and ethically

More information

How do I stay healthy?

How do I stay healthy? How do I stay healthy? Diet and exercise info www.withyoualltheway.info At Novo Nordisk, we are changing diabetes. In our approach to developing treatments, in our commitment to operate profitably and

More information

BLOOD KETONE TESTING

BLOOD KETONE TESTING BLOOD KETONE TESTING Information Leaflet Your Health. Our Priority. Page 2 of 5 What are ketones? Maintaining good blood glucose control is important. When there is not enough insulin in the body, or when

More information

If you have type 1 diabetes, you will probably get symptoms quite suddenly, over a few days or weeks.

If you have type 1 diabetes, you will probably get symptoms quite suddenly, over a few days or weeks. Patient information from the BMJ Group Diabetes type 1 Type 1 diabetes is a long-term condition. It can lead to serious health problems. But making changes to your lifestyle and taking insulin can help

More information

WHAT IS TYPE 1 DIABETES?

WHAT IS TYPE 1 DIABETES? WHAT IS TYPE 1 DIABETES? A guide for parents of newly diagnosed children www.withyoualltheway.info At Novo Nordisk, we are changing diabetes. In our approach to developing treatments, in our commitment

More information

Welcome to Diabetes Education! Why Should I Take Control of My Diabetes?

Welcome to Diabetes Education! Why Should I Take Control of My Diabetes? Welcome to Diabetes Education! Why Should I Take Control of My Diabetes? NEEDS and BENEFITS of SELF-MANAGEMENT You make choices about your life and health Controlling diabetes needs every day decisions

More information

HOW TO CARE FOR A PATIENT WITH DIABETES

HOW TO CARE FOR A PATIENT WITH DIABETES HOW TO CARE FOR A PATIENT WITH DIABETES INTRODUCTION Diabetes is one of the most common diseases in the United States, and diabetes is a disease that affects the way the body handles blood sugar. Approximately

More information

NOVO NORDISK CUSTOMER CARE CENTRE 0845 600 5055 *

NOVO NORDISK CUSTOMER CARE CENTRE 0845 600 5055 * NOVO NORDISK CUSTOMER CARE CENTRE 0845 600 5055 * * Call charges may vary, please check with your service provider. Calls may be recorded for training purposes. REPORTING OF SIDE EFFECTS If your child

More information

Ketones and Ketoacidosis

Ketones and Ketoacidosis Ketones and Ketoacidosis If you have diabetes and become unwell or have high blood glucose levels of 14 mmol/l or more please check for ketones If the body does not have enough insulin its energy levels

More information

Diabetes means you have too much sugar in

Diabetes means you have too much sugar in WHAT IS DIABETES? Diabetes means you have too much sugar in your blood. The medical word for sugar in the blood or blood sugar is glucose, but most people just say sugar. Your body changes most of the

More information

Causes, incidence, and risk factors

Causes, incidence, and risk factors Causes, incidence, and risk factors Insulin is a hormone produced by the pancreas to control blood sugar. Diabetes can be caused by too little insulin, resistance to insulin, or both. To understand diabetes,

More information

TYPE 1 DIABETES - SICK DAY RULES

TYPE 1 DIABETES - SICK DAY RULES TYPE 1 DIABETES - SICK DAY RULES Information Leaflet Your Health. Our Priority. Page 2 of 6 Introduction People with diabetes don t get ill any more often than other people, but illness and infections

More information

DIABETIC EDUCATION MODULE ONE GENERAL OVERVIEW OF TREATMENT AND SAFETY

DIABETIC EDUCATION MODULE ONE GENERAL OVERVIEW OF TREATMENT AND SAFETY DIABETIC EDUCATION MODULE ONE GENERAL OVERVIEW OF TREATMENT AND SAFETY First Edition September 17, 1997 Kevin King R.N., B.S., C.C.R.N. Gregg Kunder R.N., B.S.N., C.C.T.C. 77-120 CHS UCLA Medical Center

More information

Type 2 Diabetes. Type 1 Diabetes. What is Diabetes? Diabetes during Pregnancy Very Thirsty Very Tired

Type 2 Diabetes. Type 1 Diabetes. What is Diabetes? Diabetes during Pregnancy Very Thirsty Very Tired FCD2-006 BINGO GAME To Prepare bingo game:!copy Picture Cards with pictures on one side and corresponding words on the other.!cut Bingo Cards apart, duplicate if you have more than ten players.!cut apart

More information

Learn about Diabetes. Your Guide to Diabetes: Type 1 and Type 2. You can learn how to take care of your diabetes.

Learn about Diabetes. Your Guide to Diabetes: Type 1 and Type 2. You can learn how to take care of your diabetes. Learn about Diabetes You can learn how to take care of your diabetes and prevent some of the serious problems diabetes can cause. The more you know, the better you can manage your diabetes. Share this

More information

My Sick Day Plan for Type 1 Diabetes on an Insulin Pump

My Sick Day Plan for Type 1 Diabetes on an Insulin Pump My Sick Day Plan for Type 1 Diabetes on an Insulin Pump When you are sick, your blood sugar levels may be harder to keep under control. Your blood sugar may go too high or too low. Use this guide to help

More information

It s time to TALK Targets A guide to taking control of your type 2 diabetes

It s time to TALK Targets A guide to taking control of your type 2 diabetes It s time to TALK Targets A guide to taking control of your type 2 diabetes The TALK Targets campaign was initiated and fully funded by Novo Nordisk. By supporting you and your healthcare team, TALK Targets

More information

Starting insulin treatment for people with type 2 diabetes. What you need to know

Starting insulin treatment for people with type 2 diabetes. What you need to know Starting insulin treatment for people with type 2 diabetes What you need to know Contents Information 3 Any questions? 3 Glossary of terms 3 Why do I need insulin? 4 What does insulin do? 5 Why are there

More information

Insulin is a hormone produced by the pancreas to control blood sugar. Diabetes can be caused by too little insulin, resistance to insulin, or both.

Insulin is a hormone produced by the pancreas to control blood sugar. Diabetes can be caused by too little insulin, resistance to insulin, or both. Diabetes Definition Diabetes is a chronic (lifelong) disease marked by high levels of sugar in the blood. Causes Insulin is a hormone produced by the pancreas to control blood sugar. Diabetes can be caused

More information

Understanding Diabetes

Understanding Diabetes Understanding Diabetes What is diabetes? Diabetes is a condition where there is too much glucose (a type of sugar) in your blood. Your blood glucose level is regulated with the help of insulin, a hormone

More information

Diabetes and insulin. A pamphlet for adults who need insulin for either Type 1 or Type 2 diabetes

Diabetes and insulin. A pamphlet for adults who need insulin for either Type 1 or Type 2 diabetes Diabetes and insulin A pamphlet for adults who need insulin for either Type 1 or Type 2 diabetes Contents page Who this pamphlet is for 1 What is diabetes? 1 The two types of diabetes 1 Diagnosis of diabetes

More information

Background (cont) World Health Organisation (WHO) and IDF predict that this number will increase to more than 1,3 million in the next 25 years.

Background (cont) World Health Organisation (WHO) and IDF predict that this number will increase to more than 1,3 million in the next 25 years. Diabetes Overview Background What is diabetes Non-modifiable risk factors Modifiable risk factors Common symptoms of diabetes Early diagnosis and management of diabetes Non-medical management of diabetes

More information

Management of Diabetes

Management of Diabetes Management of Diabetes Blood Glucose Monitoring MANAGEMENT OF DIABETES Once someone is told they have diabetes, they are usually asked to check their blood glucose at home with a home blood glucose meter

More information

Type 2 Diabetes. What is diabetes? Understanding blood glucose and insulin. What is Type 2 diabetes? Page 1 of 5

Type 2 Diabetes. What is diabetes? Understanding blood glucose and insulin. What is Type 2 diabetes? Page 1 of 5 Page 1 of 5 Type 2 Diabetes Type 2 diabetes occurs mainly in people aged over 40. The 'first-line' treatment is diet, weight control and physical activity. If the blood glucose level remains high despite

More information

Starting insulin for people with type 2 diabetes

Starting insulin for people with type 2 diabetes Starting insulin for people with type 2 diabetes What you need to know Contents Page Why do I need insulin? 3 What does insulin do? 4 Why are there different types of insulin? 4 How do I take insulin?

More information

High Blood Sugar, Low Blood Sugar. Let s Check our Blood Sugar

High Blood Sugar, Low Blood Sugar. Let s Check our Blood Sugar High Blood Sugar, Low Blood Sugar Testing your blood sugar Check with your provider to see if and when he/she wants you to check your blood sugar. Keep a record of your blood sugar numbers, the date and

More information

Diabetes. Patient Education. What you need to know. Diabetes Facts. Improving Health Through Education. What is Diabetes?

Diabetes. Patient Education. What you need to know. Diabetes Facts. Improving Health Through Education. What is Diabetes? Diabetes What you need to know Diabetes Facts More than 3 million Canadians have diabetes (Canadian Diabetes Association, 2009). It is the 4th leading cause of death in the world (CDA, 2009). Patient Education

More information

X-Plain Diabetes - Introduction Reference Summary

X-Plain Diabetes - Introduction Reference Summary X-Plain Diabetes - Introduction Reference Summary Introduction Diabetes is a disease that affects millions of Americans every year. Your doctor may have informed you that you have diabetes. Although there

More information

Section 504 Plan (pg 1 of 8)

Section 504 Plan (pg 1 of 8) Section 504 Plan (pg 1 of 8) of Birth School Today s Section 504 Plan for: Disability: Diabetes School Year: Grade: Homeroom Teacher: Bus Number: Background Objectives The student has type diabetes. Diabetes

More information

This information explains the advice about type 2 diabetes in adults that is set out in NICE guideline NG28.

This information explains the advice about type 2 diabetes in adults that is set out in NICE guideline NG28. Information for the public Published: 2 December 2015 nice.org.uk About this information NICE guidelines provide advice on the care and support that should be offered to people who use health and care

More information

Type 1 diabetes and eating disorders

Type 1 diabetes and eating disorders Type 1 diabetes and eating disorders The National Diabetes Services Scheme (NDSS) is an initiative of the Australian Government administered by Diabetes Australia. 1 Eating disorders are a considerable

More information

High blood sugars caused by steroids

High blood sugars caused by steroids High blood sugars caused by steroids Your blood sugars are high because you are taking a medication called steroids. Steroids are used to: decrease swelling decrease the natural response of your immune

More information

How to Get and Stay Healthy with Diabetes

How to Get and Stay Healthy with Diabetes How to Get and Stay Healthy with Diabetes Target Audience: People with diabetes Objectives: Participants will be able to: 1. Recognize and treat high and low blood glucose levels. 2. Better control wide

More information

Diabetes How to manage illness

Diabetes How to manage illness York Teaching Hospital NHS Foundation Trust Diabetes How to manage illness For adults with Type 1 diabetes on a basal bolus insulin regime For more information, please contact: Diabetes and Endocrinology

More information

Blood Glucose Management

Blood Glucose Management Blood Glucose Management What Influences Blood Sugar Levels? There are three main things that influence your blood sugar: Nutrition Exercise Medication What Influences Blood Sugar Levels? NUTRITION 4 Meal

More information

University College Hospital. Sick day rules insulin pump therapy

University College Hospital. Sick day rules insulin pump therapy University College Hospital Sick day rules insulin pump therapy Children and Young People s Diabetes Service Children whose diabetes is well controlled should not experience more illness or infections

More information

Diabetes-Related High and Low Blood Sugar

Diabetes-Related High and Low Blood Sugar Diabetes-Related High and Low Blood Sugar Topic Overview When you have diabetes, you may have high blood sugar levels (hyperglycemia) or low blood sugar levels (hypoglycemia) from time to time. A cold,

More information

This information explains the advice about type 1 diabetes in adults that is set out in NICE guideline NG17.

This information explains the advice about type 1 diabetes in adults that is set out in NICE guideline NG17. Information for the public Published: 26 August 2015 nice.org.uk About this information NICE guidelines provide advice on the care and support that should be offered to people who use health and care services.

More information

DIABETES A chronic, debilitating and often deadly disease A global epidemic Diabetes in Africa

DIABETES A chronic, debilitating and often deadly disease A global epidemic Diabetes in Africa DIABETES A chronic, debilitating and often deadly disease Diabetes is a chronic condition that arises when the pancreas does not produce enough insulin, or when the body cannot effectively use the insulin

More information

BOLUS INSULIN DOSAGES H. Peter Chase, MD and Erin Cobry, BS

BOLUS INSULIN DOSAGES H. Peter Chase, MD and Erin Cobry, BS CHAPTER 6: BOLUS INSULIN DOSAGES H. Peter Chase, MD and Erin Cobry, BS WHAT IS BOLUS INSULIN? Bolus insulin dosages refer to the quick bursts of insulin given to cover the carbohydrates in meals or snacks

More information

Type 2 diabetes Definition

Type 2 diabetes Definition Type 2 diabetes Definition Type 2 diabetes is a lifelong (chronic) disease in which there are high levels of sugar (glucose) in the blood. Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes. Causes Diabetes

More information

Anchor Bay School District Diabetic Medical Care Plan. Student Name Date Grade Teacher

Anchor Bay School District Diabetic Medical Care Plan. Student Name Date Grade Teacher Rev: 4/2009 Anchor Bay School District Diabetic Medical Care Plan Place Child s Picture Here Student Name Date Grade Teacher Emergency Contact information (Please list in order to be called) #1 Parent

More information

Ketones & diabetes; Reduce your risk!

Ketones & diabetes; Reduce your risk! Ketones & diabetes; Reduce your risk! Booklet includes Sick Day Wallet Card Ketones 101 Do I really need to know this? by Helen Jones RN, MSN, CSE YES! The word Ketone is important for you to know if you

More information

Introduction. We hope this guide will aide you and your staff in creating a safe and supportive environment for your students challenged by diabetes.

Introduction. We hope this guide will aide you and your staff in creating a safe and supportive environment for your students challenged by diabetes. Introduction Diabetes is a chronic disease that affects the body s ability to metabolize food. The body converts much of the food we eat into glucose, the body s main source of energy. Glucose is carried

More information

Insulin pump therapy aiming for better blood glucose control in people with type 1 diabetes

Insulin pump therapy aiming for better blood glucose control in people with type 1 diabetes Insulin pump therapy aiming for better blood glucose control in people with type 1 diabetes The Guy s and St Thomas NHS Foundation Trust insulin pump service is provided by a multidisciplinary team consisting

More information

Information for Starting Insulin Basal-Bolus Regime

Information for Starting Insulin Basal-Bolus Regime Information for Starting Insulin Basal-Bolus Regime Department of Diabetes Page 12 Patient Information Insulin Instructions for Basal Bolus Regimen Two types of insulin are used in this insulin regimen.

More information

Package Leaflet: Information for the user

Package Leaflet: Information for the user Package Leaflet: Information for the user Actrapid 100 IU/ml solution for injection in vial Insulin human (rdna) Read all of this leaflet carefully before you start using your insulin Keep this leaflet.

More information

Feeling Better, Living Healthier With Diabetes

Feeling Better, Living Healthier With Diabetes Feeling Better, Living Healthier With Diabetes A guide for self management 761 S. Nelson Ave. Wilmington, Ohio 45177 (937) 382-9307 www.cmhregional.com What is Diabetes? Those who have diabetes are often

More information

The Family Library. Understanding Diabetes

The Family Library. Understanding Diabetes The Family Library Understanding Diabetes What is Diabetes? Diabetes is caused when the body has a problem in making or using insulin. Insulin is a hormone secreted by the pancreas and is needed for the

More information

Type 2 Diabetes Type 2 Diabetes

Type 2 Diabetes Type 2 Diabetes Pennington Nutrition Series Healthier lives through education in nutrition and preventive medicine Pub No. 33 Type 2 is the most common form of diabetes. In this form, the body does not produce enough

More information

WHAT CAN I DO TO REDUCE MY RISK OF DEVELOPING THE COMPLICATIONS OF TYPE 1 DIABETES?

WHAT CAN I DO TO REDUCE MY RISK OF DEVELOPING THE COMPLICATIONS OF TYPE 1 DIABETES? Christian In better control with his pump since 2012 WHAT CAN I DO TO REDUCE MY RISK OF DEVELOPING THE COMPLICATIONS OF TYPE 1 DIABETES? Many people with Type 1 diabetes worry about potential long-term

More information

What is diabetes? Diabetes is a condition which occurs as a result of problems with the production and supply of insulin in the body.

What is diabetes? Diabetes is a condition which occurs as a result of problems with the production and supply of insulin in the body. What is diabetes? Diabetes is a condition which occurs as a result of problems with the production and supply of insulin in the body. Most of the food we eat is turned into glucose, a form of sugar. We

More information

Insulin Pump Therapy during Pregnancy and Birth

Insulin Pump Therapy during Pregnancy and Birth Approvals: Specialist Group: Miss F Ashworth, Dr I Gallen, Dr J Ahmed Maternity Guidelines Group: V1 Dec 2012 Directorate Board: V1 Jan 2013 Clinical Guidelines Subgroup: July 2011 MSLC: V1 Nov 2012 Equality

More information

If diabetes is not treated it can cause long-term health problems because the high glucose levels in the blood damage the blood vessels.

If diabetes is not treated it can cause long-term health problems because the high glucose levels in the blood damage the blood vessels. INFORMATION FOR PEOPLE WITH DIABETES Diabetes Diabetes mellitus is a chronic condition caused by too much glucose (sugar) in your blood. Your blood sugar level can be too high if your body does not make

More information

Section 6: Diabetes Emergencies

Section 6: Diabetes Emergencies Section 6: Diabetes Emergencies SECTION OVERVIEW General Overview Low Blood Glucose (Hypoglycemia) Glucagon High Blood Glucose (Hyperglycemia) Diabetic Ketoacidosis Monitoring Ketones Emergency Medical

More information

Diabetes Mellitus: Type 1

Diabetes Mellitus: Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus: Type 1 What is type 1 diabetes mellitus? Type 1 diabetes is a disorder that happens when your body produces little or no insulin. The lack of insulin causes the level of sugar in your

More information

What is DIABETES? Gwen Hall Diabetes Specialist Nurse, Community Diabetes Services Portsmouth, Primary Care Team.

What is DIABETES? Gwen Hall Diabetes Specialist Nurse, Community Diabetes Services Portsmouth, Primary Care Team. What is DIABETES? By: Gwen Hall Diabetes Specialist Nurse, Community Diabetes Services Portsmouth, Primary Care Team. WHAT IS DIABETES? What is diabetes? In simple terms diabetes prevents your body converting

More information

Self-care guide for people with diabetes

Self-care guide for people with diabetes Self-care guide for people with diabetes English Version Supported by an unrestricted grant from 1 When the diagnosis is diabetes..................03 What is diabetes?............................04 What

More information

Type 1 diabetes Definition

Type 1 diabetes Definition Type 1 diabetes Definition Type 1 diabetes is a chronic (lifelong) disease that occurs when the pancreas does not produce enough insulin to properly control blood sugar levels. Causes There are several

More information

Understanding Diabetes

Understanding Diabetes Understanding Diabetes Diabetes is a disease in which a person s blood glucose (blood sugar) is too high. When you eat, some of the food is broken down into a type of sugar called glucose, which is the

More information

Insulin pump: advice for schools

Insulin pump: advice for schools Insulin pump: advice for schools Information for school staff Dr Gray s Hospital Your pupil.. has Type 1 insulin dependent diabetes. This means that the pancreas has stopped making the hormone insulin.

More information

Diabetes Information

Diabetes Information Diabetes Information Your diabetes team includes: Consultant Paediatric Endocrinologist Paediatric Diabetes Clinical Nurse Specialists Senior Clinical Nutritionists/Dietitians Senior Clinical Psychologist

More information

Diabetes Related Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Diabetes Related Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) Diabetes Related Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) 1. How do I get a glucose meter? Before leaving the hospital, your doctor will give you a prescription for the meter, strips and lancets. The meter comes

More information

Sick Day Management for People with Type 2 Diabetes Using Insulin

Sick Day Management for People with Type 2 Diabetes Using Insulin Sick Day Management for People with Type 2 Diabetes Using Insulin When you are sick, controlling your blood sugar (glucose) can be a challenge. Nausea, vomiting, illness and changes in eating will affect

More information

Diabetes The Basics. What is Diabetes? How does sugar get into your cells? Type 1 diabetes. Type 2 diabetes. Why control Diabetes?

Diabetes The Basics. What is Diabetes? How does sugar get into your cells? Type 1 diabetes. Type 2 diabetes. Why control Diabetes? Diabetes The Basics What is Diabetes? Diabetes is when there is too much sugar in your blood. Sugar from food you eat and drink stays in your blood instead of going into the cells in your body. The cells

More information

Diabetes Fundamentals

Diabetes Fundamentals Diabetes Fundamentals Prevalence of Diabetes in the U.S. Undiagnosed 10.7% of all people 20+ 23.1% of all people 60+ (12.2 million) Slide provided by Roche Diagnostics Sources: ADA, WHO statistics Prevalence

More information

High Blood Sugar. Printable Materials

High Blood Sugar. Printable Materials Printable Materials Activity Card #1 Symptoms of High Blood Sugar or Pre-Diabetes Symptoms People often don t know they have high blood sugar or pre-diabetes. There are no symptoms and pre-diabetes can

More information

Section 5: Type 2 Diabetes

Section 5: Type 2 Diabetes SECTION OVERVIEW Definition and Symptoms Blood Glucose Monitoring Healthy Eating Physical Activity Oral Medication Insulin Sharps Disposal Definition and Symptoms Type 2 diabetes is occurring more frequently

More information

DIABETES MELLITUS. By Tracey Steenkamp Biokineticist at the Institute for Sport Research, University of Pretoria

DIABETES MELLITUS. By Tracey Steenkamp Biokineticist at the Institute for Sport Research, University of Pretoria DIABETES MELLITUS By Tracey Steenkamp Biokineticist at the Institute for Sport Research, University of Pretoria What is Diabetes Diabetes Mellitus (commonly referred to as diabetes ) is a chronic medical

More information

Feeling sick? What to do. Information for people with Type 1 Diabetes

Feeling sick? What to do. Information for people with Type 1 Diabetes Feeling sick? What to do Information for people with Type 1 Diabetes Diabetes and sick days A minor illness can result in a major rise in blood glucose levels Common illnesses such as tonsillitis, ear,

More information

Diabetes. Supporting Disabled Members in the Workplace. This short factsheet has been developed to help reps who are supporting members with diabetes.

Diabetes. Supporting Disabled Members in the Workplace. This short factsheet has been developed to help reps who are supporting members with diabetes. Supporting Disabled Members in the Workplace Diabetes This short factsheet has been developed to help reps who are supporting members with diabetes. Someone with diabetes may be entitled to the protection

More information

Steroid Induced Diabetes

Steroid Induced Diabetes What is high blood sugar (hyperglycemia)? Hyperglycemia is a high level of sugar in the blood. Blood sugar is also called glucose. Some people are unable to process the sugar that is found in food and

More information

Nutrition. Type 2 Diabetes: A Growing Challenge in the Healthcare Setting NAME OF STUDENT

Nutrition. Type 2 Diabetes: A Growing Challenge in the Healthcare Setting NAME OF STUDENT 1 Nutrition Type 2 Diabetes: A Growing Challenge in the Healthcare Setting NAME OF STUDENT 2 Type 2 Diabetes: A Growing Challenge in the Healthcare Setting Introduction and background of type 2 diabetes:

More information

New Zealand Consumer Medicine Information

New Zealand Consumer Medicine Information New Zealand Consumer Medicine Information Actrapid Penfill 100 IU/ml solution for injection in cartridge Insulin human (rdna) Read all of this leaflet carefully before you start using your insulin Keep

More information

Diabetes and kidney disease. The foundation of kidney care.

Diabetes and kidney disease. The foundation of kidney care. Diabetes and kidney disease The foundation of kidney care. T H E K I D N E Y F O U N D A T I O N O F C A N A D A 1 Diabetes and kidney disease What is diabetes? Diabetes is a disease that is caused by

More information

Hypoglycemia and Diabetes

Hypoglycemia and Diabetes My Doctor Says I Should Avoid Low Blood Glucose Reactions... How Can I Prevent Them? BD Getting Started Hypoglycemia and Diabetes What You Should Know About Low Blood Glucose Reactions If you are taking

More information

Diabetes. Living with. Better Health Guide. Anywhere, TN 11111. 1008 Main Street. Janet James. BCBSNEMEMWKBCD.XML - 1768150 - VersionID: 1

Diabetes. Living with. Better Health Guide. Anywhere, TN 11111. 1008 Main Street. Janet James. BCBSNEMEMWKBCD.XML - 1768150 - VersionID: 1 BCBSNEMEMWKBCD.XML - 1768150 - VersionID: 1 Living with Diabetes Better Health Guide Janet James 1008 Main Street Anywhere, TN 11111 65109016-999-000000006 13810 Southeast Eastgate Way, Suite 200 Bellevue,

More information

DIABETES CARE. Advice. Blood Pressure. Cholesterol. Diabetes control. Eyes. Feet. Guardian Drugs

DIABETES CARE. Advice. Blood Pressure. Cholesterol. Diabetes control. Eyes. Feet. Guardian Drugs DIABETES CARE What happens if you follow the Alphabet Strategy? As patients reach their targets, the chances of developing serious complications of diabetes will be reduced! 1 Stroke Eye disease Heart

More information

ALCOHOL. 1300 136 588 ndss.com.au AND TYPE 1 DIABETES

ALCOHOL. 1300 136 588 ndss.com.au AND TYPE 1 DIABETES ALCOHOL AND TYPE 1 DIABETES 1300 136 588 ndss.com.au The National Diabetes Services Scheme (NDSS) is an initiative of the Australian Government administered by Diabetes Australia. Contents Topic Page Introduction

More information

Starting mealtime insulin

Starting mealtime insulin Starting mealtime insulin This booklet is designed for people with type 2 diabetes who are moving from a basal insulin regimen to a mealtime insulin regimen. A mealtime insulin regimen may include an insulin

More information

Myth vs. Reality: Diabetes Related

Myth vs. Reality: Diabetes Related Myth: Only medication can control my diabetes. Reality: Lifestyle changes such as good nutrition, increased physical activity, weight loss and limiting alcohol/cigarette consumption can have a positive

More information

HUMULIN R REGULAR INSULIN HUMAN INJECTION, USP (rdna ORIGIN) 100 UNITS PER ML (U-100)

HUMULIN R REGULAR INSULIN HUMAN INJECTION, USP (rdna ORIGIN) 100 UNITS PER ML (U-100) 1 PATIENT INFORMATION HUMULIN R REGULAR INSULIN HUMAN INJECTION, USP (rdna ORIGIN) 100 UNITS PER ML (U-100) WARNINGS Do not share your syringes with other people, even if the needle has been changed. You

More information

N E B R A S K A JAIL BULLETIN NUMBER 102 OCTOBER 1993

N E B R A S K A JAIL BULLETIN NUMBER 102 OCTOBER 1993 N E B R A S K A JAIL BULLETIN NUMBER 102 OCTOBER 1993 The Jail Bulletin is a monthly feature of the Crime Commission Update. The Bulletin may be used as a supplement to your jail in-service training program

More information

Diabetes Hypoglycemia/Hyperglycemia Reaction

Diabetes Hypoglycemia/Hyperglycemia Reaction Diabetes Hypoglycemia/Hyperglycemia Reaction Hypoglycemic Reaction (Insulin Shock) A. Hypoglycemic reactions (insulin reactions) should be treated according to current nursing and medical recommendations.

More information

What is Type 2 Diabetes?

What is Type 2 Diabetes? Type 2 Diabetes What is Type 2 Diabetes? Diabetes is a condition where there is too much glucose in the blood. Our pancreas produces a hormone called insulin. Insulin works to regulate our blood glucose

More information

DISCOVERY HEALTH MATTERS. Diabetes - a growing problem

DISCOVERY HEALTH MATTERS. Diabetes - a growing problem DISCOVERY HEALTH MATTERS Diabetes - a growing problem Vol 13 2013 Discovery Health Matters Discovery Health Matters is a layman s guide to important, but often misunderstood topics in healthcare. The information

More information

Managing Diabetes in the Athletic Population

Managing Diabetes in the Athletic Population Managing Diabetes in the Athletic Population Michael Prybicien, LA, ATC, CSCS, CES, PES Athletic Trainer, Passaic High School Overlook Medical Center & Adjunct Faculty, William Paterson University Dedicated

More information

2. What Should Advocates Know About Diabetes? O

2. What Should Advocates Know About Diabetes? O 2. What Should Advocates Know About Diabetes? O ften a school district s failure to properly address the needs of a student with diabetes is due not to bad faith, but to ignorance or a lack of accurate

More information

Insulin Pump Therapy

Insulin Pump Therapy CHILDREN S SERVICES Insulin Pump Therapy These guidelines are not intended for starting a patient on an insulin pump. They are intended to give staff not part of the diabetic team information regarding

More information

Know Your Numbers. The Five-Point Plan

Know Your Numbers. The Five-Point Plan The Five-Point Plan Know Your Numbers 2 My husband didn t even know he had diabetes until he had a heart attack. Lupe Ontiveros Actress on Desperate Housewives 13 What does it mean to Know Your Numbers?

More information

Guidelines for the Care *

Guidelines for the Care * Guidelines for the Care * Purpose: To acknowledge and help clarify the essential roles and responsibilities among the Diabetes Care Team (DCT), which is comprised of the student living with diabetes, his

More information

what is diabetes? What actually goes wrong? Talking diabetes No.42

what is diabetes? What actually goes wrong? Talking diabetes No.42 Talking diabetes No.42 what is diabetes? Diabetes is the name given to a group of different conditions in which there is too much glucose in the blood. The pancreas either cannot make insulin or the insulin

More information

Novo Nordisk Customer Care 0845 600 5055

Novo Nordisk Customer Care 0845 600 5055 Novo Nordisk Customer Care 0845 600 5055 Call charges may vary, please check with your service provider. Calls may be monitored for training purposes. (Office hours 8.30am - 5.30pm) Hartmut Kraft lives

More information

UNDERSTANDING BLOOD SUGAR

UNDERSTANDING BLOOD SUGAR UNDERSTANDING BLOOD SUGAR The best way to stay healthy with diabetes is to control the level of sugar in your blood. The medical word for sugar in the blood or blood sugar is glucose. Your goal is to keep

More information

Diabetes 101: A Brief Overview of Diabetes and the American Diabetes Association What Happens When We Eat?

Diabetes 101: A Brief Overview of Diabetes and the American Diabetes Association What Happens When We Eat? Diabetes 101: A Brief Overview of Diabetes and the American Diabetes Association What Happens When We Eat? After eating, most food is turned into glucose, the body s main source of energy. 1 Normal Blood

More information

UNDERSTANDING AND LEARNING ABOUT STUDENT HEALTH

UNDERSTANDING AND LEARNING ABOUT STUDENT HEALTH Teacher Workshop Curriculum UNDERSTANDING AND LEARNING ABOUT STUDENT HEALTH Written by Meg Sullivan, MD with help from Marina Catallozzi, MD, Pam Haller MDiv, MPH, and Erica Gibson, MD UNDERSTANDING AND

More information

WHAT I NEED TO KNOW ABOUT MY BLOOD SUGAR

WHAT I NEED TO KNOW ABOUT MY BLOOD SUGAR WHAT I NEED TO KNOW ABOUT MY BLOOD SUGAR BLOOD WHAT I NEED SUGAR TO MANAGEMENT KNOW ABOUT GUIDE MY BLOOD SUGAR When you have type 2 diabetes, your body has a problem using the food you eat for energy.

More information