STATUS OF LANDBASED WIND ENERGY DEVELOPMENT IN GERMANY


 Clinton Neal
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1 Yer STATUS OF LANDBASED WIND ENERGY Deutsche WindGurd GmbH  Oldenburger Strße Vrel  Germny +49 (4451)/
2 Annul Added Cpcity [MW] Cumultive Cpcity [MW] Cumultive Development Yer DEVELOPMENT AS OF 31 ST DECEMBER This fct sheet presents the sttus of lndbsed wind energy development in Germny s of 31 st December nd nlyses the development of dditions during the yer. In the time period exmined, lndbsed wind turbine genertors (WTG) with totl cpcity of MW were erected. At lest 413 repowering turbines with cpcity of MW re included in the gross ddition. Furthermore, 544 dismntled WTG s with cpcity of MW were identified. An overview of the development in nd the instlled totl cpcity is presented in Tble 1. As of 31 st December, totl of WTG s with totl cpcity of MW Tble 1: Sttus of LndBsed Wind Energy Development in were instlled. The dt Sttus of Lndbsed Wind Energy Cpcity Number collected for repowering nd Development [MW] [WTG] dismntling re nonbinding Gross dditions during first Hlf of nd most likely underestimted. As result, Repowering shre (nonbinding) the totl portfolio runs the Dismntling in first Hlf of (nonbinding) risk of being overestimted. The corresponding section Cumultive WTG portfolio dels with this topic in more Sttus: 3 June detil. The development of nnul dditions to wind energy cpcity nd the cumultive cpcity over time is depicted in Figure 1. Compred to the previous record yer of 22 (with 3 24 MW), bout 47 % more cpcity ws dded in. Regrding to the number of WTG s (2 321 WTG in 22), the dditions re bout 24 % less in Cumultive Cpcity (Repowering) Cumultive Cpcity (New Projects) Annul Instlled Cpcity (Repowering) Annul Instlled Cpcity (New Projects) Annul Dismntled Cpcity Figure 1: Development of the Annul Instlled nd Cumultive Cpcity (MW) of LndBsed Wind Energy in Germny incl. Repowering nd Dismntling, Sttus: 31 st December The dt since the end of 212 were determined by inquiries with industry stkeholders s well s other reserch. Bsis of dt : DEWI 1
3 Shre of Repowering Cpcity from Annul Cpcity Addition [%] Dismntling nd Cpcity Addition in the Frmework of Repowering Projects [MW] Yer DISMANTLING AND REPOWERING In ccordnce with the lst REL (Renewble Energy Lw or EEG) mendment tht cme into force on 1 st August, centrl turbine register ws estblished. The register is designed to cpture dditions to wind energy, s well s repowering nd dismntling, in detil. Opertors re obligted to provide relevnt reports. Strting in August, this resulted in the vilbility of relible nd comprehensive dt for repowering nd dismntling for the first time. The repowering turbines, s well s dismntled WTG s, cptured by the turbine register between August nd December were synchronized with this sttistic nd complemented by dditionl dt collected specificlly between Jnury nd July. In summry, for the entire yer the dt vilbility for repowering nd dismntling hs improved, however, the ctul repowering nd dismntling numbers ssumedly re still higher thn the collected dt. Dismntling Over the course of, t lest 544 WTG s with cpcity of MW were dismntled. The verge cpcity of dismntled WTG ws bout 67 kw. It is possible to derive the net dded cpcity from the nnul gross ddition nd the dismntling of WTG s. For, the net cpcity is MW. It should be noted gin tht n underestimtion of the dismntling numbers leds to n overestimtion of the net cpcity ddition. Repowering In the frmework of the sttisticl dt collection for the yer, 413 of the totl newly erected WTG s hve been identified s repowering turbines (mening those WTG s for which t lest one old WTG locted in the sme or neighboring county/district hd been dismntled). With n identified cpcity of MW, this equtes to repowering shre of t lest 24.2 % of the gross ddition for. The repowering turbines hve n verge output of kw. This 3% 25% 2% 15% 1% 5% % 5% 1% Cpcity Addition in the Frmework of Repowering Projects [MW] Annul Dismntled Cpcity Shre of Repowering Cpcity from Annul Cpcity Addition [%] Figure 2: Development of Proportionl nd Absolute Instlled Cpcity in the Frmework of Repowering Projects nd Dismntling, Sttus 31 st December results in n verge repowering fctor of bout 4.1 (mening tht in the frmework of repowering, the instlled cpcity qudrupled compred to the verge dismntled WTG). Figure 2 shows the nnul instlled nd dismntled cpcity in the frmework of repowering projects, s well s the repowering shre of the nnul gross cpcity ddition in reltion to elpsed time. The dt since the end of 212 were determined by inquiries with industry stkeholders s well s other reserch. Bsis of dt : DEWI 2
4 Averge Cpcity [kw] Yer AVERAGE TURBINE CONFIGURATION This section discusses the verge turbine configurtion of lndbsed WTG s. The results re shown in Tble 2. In on verge, the turbine cpcity of newly erected WTG s in Germny ws 2 69 kw (in 213 the verge ws kw). The verge rotor dimeter ws 99 meters, four meter lrger thn the verge in 213 (95 meters). The verge hub height ws 116 meters, one meter below the verge of 213 (117 meters). Regionl differences regrding the verge turbine configurtion re discussed in more detil in the following section ( Regionl Distribution of Wind Energy Development ). Tble 2: Averge Turbine Configurtion of WTGs instlled in Averge LndBsed WTG Configurtion, Instlled in Averge Turbine Cpcity Averge Rotor Dimeter Averge Hub Height 2 69 kw 99 meters 116 meters Figure 3 shows the development of the verge lndbsed turbine cpcity in reference to nnul new instlltions nd of the cumultive turbine portfolio. Compred to the verge cpcity determined for 213, the verge cpcity of WTG erected nnully (CY ) hs incresed by bout 4 %. As of 31 st December, the verge cpcity per WTG within the overll portfolio ws 1,533 kw nd thus lies bout 7 % higher thn t the end of Averge Cpcity per Turbine  Annul Addition Averge Cpcity per Turbine  Cumultive Turbine Portfolio Figure 3: Development of the Averge Cpcity of LndBsed WTGs Newly Instlled nd Cumultively Present in the Germn Turbine Portfolio, Sttus: 31 st December The dt since the end of 212 were determined by inquiries with industry stkeholders s well s other reserch. Bsis of dt : DEWI 3
5 Yer REGIONAL DISTRIBUTION OF WIND ENERGY DEVELOPMENT The regionl distribution of wind energy development in cross the individul Germn sttes is exmined below. The results re shown in Tble 3. In, WTG s were erected in ll 16 sttes. SchleswigHolstein received more thn qurter of the overll cpcity of 4 75 MW instlled in Germny. In the Germnywide comprison, Lower Sxony cme in second plce with bout 627 MW of newly instlled cpcity. With 498 MW, Brndenburg reched the third plce. More thn hlf (51 %) of the totl new instlltions took plce in the three sttes nmed bove. The southern Germn sttes of RhinelndPltinte nd Bvri cme in fourth nd fifth plce with cpcities of 463 nd 41 MW of newly instlled cpcity. Another northern Germn territoril stte, MecklenburgWestern Pomerni, took sixth plce with 373 MW. North Rhine Westphli, locted in centrl Germny, took seventh plce with 37 MW, followed by Sxony Anhlt with 291 MW in eighth plce. 215 MW were instlled in Hesse (ninth plce) nd 148 MW in Thuringi (tenth plce). In ech of the remining sttes less thn 1 MW were instlled. Tble 3: Addition to Wind Energy in the Germn Sttes in, Sttus 31 st December Rnk Stte Added Cpcity [MW] Gross Addition in Averge Turbine Configurtion in Shre of Averge Averge Averge Added Added Turbine Rotor Hub Number Cpcity of Cpcity Dimeter Height [WEA] Totl [kw] [m] [m] Addition 1 SchleswigHolstein % Lower Sxony % Brndenburg % RhinelndPltinte % Bvri % MecklenburgWestern Pomerni % North RhineWestphli % SxonyAnhlt % Hesse % Thuringi % Srlnd % Sxony % BdenWurttemberg % Bremen % Hmburg % Berlin % Totl % Also shown in Tble 3 is the verge turbine configurtion of new dditions cross the Germn sttes. The lowest nd highest verge turbine cpcities of 2 2 kw nd 3 1 kw were instlled in the citysttes of Hmburg nd Bremen. In reference to the territoril sttes, Bden Wurttemberg instlled WTG s with the lowest overll cpcity (2 331 kw) nd SchleswigHolstein instlled those with the highest overll cpcity (2 864 kw). The verge rotor dimeters lie between 82 nd 11 meters. As expected, the lrgest dimeters cn be found in the south. The verge hub height in ll Germn sttes, with the exception of SchleswigHolstein (with 88 m), ws t lest 11 nd up to 138 meters. The dt since the end of 212 were determined by inquiries with industry stkeholders s well s other reserch. Bsis of dt : DEWI 4
6 South Centrl North Yer REGIONAL DISTRIBUTION OF THE CUMULATIVE PORTFOLIO OF WIND TURBINES The cumultive cpcity nd number of turbines scribed to the Germn sttes cn be scertined from Tble 4. It should be noted gin, tht the cumultive vlues my devite from the ctul turbine portfolio. Tble 4: Cumultive Cpcity nd Number of Turbines in the Germn Sttes, Sttus: 31 st December Region / Stte Cumultive Cpcity Sttus: 31 st December [MW] Among ll Germn sttes, Lower Pomerni Sxony leds the list of Bremen cumultive wind energy instlled Hmburg with MW of instlled Brndenburg SxonyAnhlt cpcity. Agin in second plce North RhineWestphli ws Brndenburg with Thuringi MW. SchleswigHolstein Hesse cme in third with cumultive Sxony cpcity of 5 9 MW. Berlin % of the totl cpcity RhinelndPltinte instlled is merged in the Bvri northern sttes, which slightly BdenWürttemberg incresed their importnce Srlnd compred to the previous yers. The shre of the centrl Totl Germn sttes decresed to bout 44 % of the cumultive cpcity nd thus ly below the sttus t the end of 213. The southern Germn sttes combined 13 % of the instlled cpcity nd North Centrl South hence continued the 1% progressive upwrd trend of 9% the lst severl yers. The 8% cumultive cpcity 7% distribution development is 6% depicted grphiclly in Figure 4. 5% 4% 3% 2% 1% % Dt Collection nd Preprtion: Deutsche WindGurd GmbH Silke Lüers AnnKthrin Wllsch Trnsltion: Mrtin Schmidt Bremer Jr. Cumultive Number Sttus: 31 st December [WEA] Lower Sxony SchleswigHolstein Mecklenburg Western Figure 4: Distribution of the Germnywide Instlled Cumultive Cpcity cross the Regions, Sttus: 31 st December The dt since the end of 212 were determined by inquiries with industry stkeholders s well s other reserch. Bsis of dt : DEWI 5
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