AGS REHABILITATION/ POST-HOSPITAL CARE OF THE GERIATRIC FRACTURE PATIENT. Egan Allen, MD University of Rochester

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1 AGS REHABILITATION/ POST-HOSPITAL CARE OF THE GERIATRIC FRACTURE PATIENT Egan Allen, MD University of Rochester THE AMERICAN GERIATRICS SOCIETY Geriatrics Health Professionals. Leading change. Improving care for older adults.

2 WHAT IS COVERED Recovery rates post-fracture Goals and variables Rehabilitation across settings Subacute (SNF) rehabilitation Home care and falls assessment Transitions across settings Slide 2

3 MORTALITY AFTER GERIATRIC HIP FRACTURE 7% at 1 month 13% at 3 months 24% at 12 months 50% at 6 months for patients with end-stage dementia Fracture is marker of frailty Mortality increases with: Uncontrolled systemic disease Multiple comorbidities Dementia Lu-Yao, et al. Am J Pub Health. 1994;84: Morrison RS, et al. JAMA. 2000;284: Slide 3

4 FUNCTIONAL RECOVERY AFTER GERIATRIC HIP FRACTURE Pre-fracture ability and post-fracture complications drive recoverability At 6 months: 60% recover pre-fracture walking ability 50% recover pre-facture performance of ADLs 25% recover pre-facture performance of IADLs At 12 months: 54% able to walk unaided 40% able to perform all ADLs independently 25% require long-term SNF placement Magaziner, et al. J Gerontol. 1990;45:M101-M107. Slide 4

5 REHABILITATION GOALS Regain function Pain control Maintain ROM and strength of unaffected limbs Restore ROM and strength of affected limb Clarify long-term needs and develop care plans Communicate prognosis Prevention of: Pressure sores Constipation DVT Pneumonia Depression Slide 5

6 VARIABLES AFFECTING REHABILITATION Pre-fracture chronic disease control COPD, CAD, HTN, DM, arthritis, CHF, anemia, incontinence, vision, hearing, malignancy, nutrition Cognitive status Mood Delirium Pre-fracture ambulatory status Weight-bearing status Type of fracture and repair Slide 6

7 REHABILITATION ACROSS SETTINGS Continual process from hospital to SNF to home/ltc Acute vs. subacute rehab: no differences in outcomes for geriatric fracture patients >5 PT sessions per week likely beneficial A systematic home-based program may be effective No significant data supporting or refuting ongoing home rehab s/p traditional rehab program Morrison RS, Siu AL. Medical aspects of hip fracture management. In: Cassel CK et al, ed. Geriatric Medicine: An Evidence-Based Approach. 4th ed. New York, NY: Springer; Slide 7

8 ACUTE, IMMEDIATE POST-OP REHAB Pain control Stand, transfer Walker use instruction Early unrestricted weight-bearing accelerates hospital d/c without increasing risks of operative complications Full weight-bearing vs. non-weight-bearing exercises: similar outcomes in strength, balance, and function Morrison RS, Siu AL. Medical aspects of hip fracture management. In: Cassel CK et al, ed. Geriatric Medicine: An Evidence-Based Approach. 4th ed. New York, NY: Springer; Slide 8

9 SUBACUTE (SNF) REHAB Up to 100 days covered by Medicare if 3-day hospital stay Regional and facility variations Interdisciplinary care usual and mandated PT OT Medical Nursing Social work Recreational therapy Nutrition Clergy Slide 9

10 SUBACUTE (SNF) REHAB PARTNERSHIP CONSIDERATIONS Full time, on-site medical staff Dedicated transitional care/rehab unit Ability to manage parenteral meds, multidrug-resistant organisms, medical comorbidities Shared electronic data systems Financial/institutional relationships Weekend therapy and admission ability Location Slide 10

11 HOME CARE Requires order from physician Generally short and episodic care only Frequency of visits limited Post-rehab ongoing home therapy not proven effective to improve function or decrease repeat falls However, may be of benefit for other reasons Slide 11

12 FALLS ASSESSMENT In-home assessment and intervention not yet proven effective PROFET FACT ongoing in New Zealand Health assessment Home hazard identification Bone health assessment and treatment Structured exercise program PQRI 2008 Screening for Future Falls Risk Slide 12

13 ELEMENTS OF FALLS ASSESSMENT Predisposing risk factors/ diseases Balance and gait assessment Single best means of identifying pts at risk: Get Up and Go Performance Oriented Assessment of Mobility Review of previous fall situations Slide 13

14 FALL PREVENTION Environmental modifications Lighting, rugs, toys, pets, bed/chair height, bars/rails Endurance, resistance, flexibility and balance training effective (FICSIT) Medication management Orthostasis, psychoactives, anticholinergics Vision exam and cataract removal Talking and walking Slide 14

15 TRANSITIONS IN CARE random events connected to highly variable actions with only a remote possibility of meeting implied expectations. Roger Resar, MD Senior Fellow, Institute for Healthcare Improvement Slide 15

16 POOR TRANSITIONS Duplication of tests and services Medication errors Increased costs Increased readmissions Patient/family dissatisfaction Friction among clinicians Coleman. JAGS 2003;51: Kripalni, et al. J Hosp Med. 2007;2: Slide 16

17 COMPONENTS OF A SUCCESSFUL TRANSITION Communication clinician : clinician Communication clinician : patient/caregiver Medication reconciliation Patient self-care knowledge make the next move? Clearly defined follow-up expectations Mindset of continuous management What do you need to Coleman. JAGS 2003;51: Kripalni, et al. J Hosp Med. 2007;2: Slide 17

18 DISCHARGE SUMMARY ELEMENTS FOR GERIATRIC FRACTURE PATIENTS Baseline and current functional status Medication reconciliation Requirements for durable medical equipment Advance directives Statement of prognosis Disposition: From To in short term To in long term Complete and accurate summary of complications Listing of involved clinicians and contact info Slide 18

19 THANK YOU FOR YOUR TIME! Visit us at: Facebook.com/AmericanGeriatricsSociety Twitter.com/AmerGeriatrics linkedin.com/company/american-geriatricssociety Slide 19

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