TRANSPORT MODES AND THE CONSOLIDATION OF TRANSPORT LOTS

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "TRANSPORT MODES AND THE CONSOLIDATION OF TRANSPORT LOTS"

Transcription

1 TRANSPORT MODES AND THE CONSOLIDATION OF TRANSPORT LOTS November 2002 Department of Forest Economics, University of Helsinki Visit: for updates

2 General When weighing between different modes of transport one should pay attention to several factors: Transport costs including all handling and warehousing costs Suitability of the transport mode for the specific product Transport time Reliability and safety of inter-modal transport (combined transport) Unitizing and packaging required by the transport We will take a look at the characteristics of some transport modes used in the Finnish forest industry, which have to be taken into consideration when decisions on transport are made. It is common that companies use more than one transport mode in exports. Most transports are combinations of several transport modes. (Juslin, Neuvonen) Truck transport Truck transports are a common transport mode at both ends of a physical distribution chain: at departure from the factory to the railway station or port and at arrival from the port of destination to the warehouse of the customer. Truck transport bears the highest unit costs per kilometer. Its use is worthwhile on shorter distances. However, truck transport may become favorable because of the following reasons: Continuous transport to customer is possible (no discharge or loading). Truck transports are fast. It is easy to combine truck transport with other modes of transport. (The whole truck or only the trailer can be put on board a ship.) (Juslin, Neuvonen) Companies may be in possession of their hauling equipment or they may take advantage of the services provided by transport companies. As far as the large forest industry companies are concerned, the transports to and from ports both domestically and abroad are based on contractual transports. The forest industry companies have made long term contracts with individual truckers and transport businesses to regularly freight the company s products. (Juslin, Neuvonen) - 1 -

3 FULL TRAILERS have two stowage spaces that can be disconnected from each other and which make it possible to load simultaneously in two different places. They enable the truck to move also in narrow spaces. The working load of this truck type is bigger than the working load of a semitrailer. A 22-meter full trailer combination has a volume of 140 m³. (Pehkonen) SEMITRAILERS have a continuous stowage space. The maximum length of the cargo platform is 13,6 meters. Semitrailers can carry longer items than full trailers. Due to the length of the vehicle, maneuvering is much more limited than with full trailers. The operation costs of semitrailers are lower. (Pehkonen) In Central Europe the maximum length of a full trailer is 25,25 m. The vehicles are called modular trucks. Finland and Sweden, as members of the European Union have to allow the use of these trucks on their roads by the end of the year (Pehkonen) Railway transport Railway transports are especially suitable for the carriage of large lots on longer distances. Railway transports are characterized by: Moderate carriage rates Reliable and secure time schedule based transports Like in sea transport, an advance transport and delivery transport (by truck) are normally required (Juslin, Neuvonen) Rail transport is used as a means of domestic transport in the export chain especially if the distance to a port is long. Combining railway transport with sea carriage is an option worth considering. This is called RAILSHIP in Finland. In this transport mode merchandise is loaded on a rail car either at the company s own railway yard or at the closes railway station. The freight train takes the rail cars to a port (Hanko in Finland) where the truck groups of the rail cars are changed to tally with the Central European rail gauge. Then the rail cars are put on board a ship and transported to the port of destination. A local train takes the rain cars from the port of destination to the rail yard of the customer. The main benefit of these railway dispatches is their reliability. Deliveries travel according to timetables and merchandise does not need to be handled during the transport. Depending on the sellers and buyers locations railway transport can also be a very affordable option. (Juslin, Neuvonen) - 2 -

4 Sea transport Sea transport forms usually the main part in the export transports of forest industry products to Central European markets. The cargo unit costs per kilometer are normally the lowest in sea transport. However, one has to consider the whole delivery chain, when estimating the advantageousness of sea carriage: advance transport to a port, port charges at departure and arrival, the sea transport itself, as well as possible reshipment costs. Sea transport may even set special requirements for packaging. Sea transport can be divided into two modes of transport: tramp shipping and liner shipping. Please see more about this issue in document Shipping. Now we will take a look at different vessel types. (Mikkola, Myrttinen) LO-LO (lift on lift off). In this particular vessel type, the cargo is loaded and unloaded through the hatches by either the ship s or the harbor s cranes. Conventional vessels usually have small hatches in relation to their vessel length and the weak power of the cranes usually reduces the loading efficiency. In order for the in-loaded cargo to be securely situated in the hold, it often has to be vertically moved in the hold. For the transport of forest products, LO-LO vessels are rather inconvenient and their importance in transport has diminished. Only ships with large, square formed holds and wide hatches can be considered suitable for forest products. (Mikkola, Myrttinen) In open vessels, on the other hand, the hatches are almost the length of the entire vessel and the cranes efficiency has been increased and their positions optimized. The loading space is box-like and the walls vertical. Open vessels operating on the LO-LO principle have continuously increased in popularity and can be well applied for pulp, paper, cardboard and chipboard transports. Sawn timber is often transported as deck cargo. Efficient use of the vessel, however, requires that the lots be consolidated. (Mikkola, Myrttinen) RO-RO (roll-on roll-off) vessels can be defined as vessels where the cargo is loaded on and off by rolltrailers through the front or aft ramps. Sometimes loading can also occur through the side (side-port). The rolltrailers or sometimes platforms stay on board for the voyage. The cargo is loaded on to these trailers with a forklift. Finally, for safety reasons, the cargo units are fastened onto the platforms or trailers in the ship s hold. (Mikkola, Myrttinen) The RO-RO system enables the transport of different sized goods, which can already be loaded onto the rolltrailers before the actual vessel has arrived in the port. This accelerates and makes the loading of goods more flexible. Moreover, the loading and unloading of the ship can be conducted simultaneously in RO-RO vessels. RO-RO can be especially well applied in short liner shipments. Some disadvantages involved in the RO-RO system are, however, the big investments, as well as the high utilization costs, the laborious fastening of the cargo and the high number of employees required. (Mikkola, Myrttinen) STO-RO (stowable RO-RO) vessels have rolltrailers rolling the cargo in and out of the ship. The cargo is unloaded from the trailers with a forklift and stowed in the hold. Rolltrailers and forklifts are removed from the ship for the duration of the voyage. (Mikkola, Myrttinen) STORO-SIDE systems imply that the vessel is loaded and unloaded using either the side hatches or the stern ramp and rolltrailers. The rolltrailers are removed from the vessel for the duration of the voyage. The goods are stowed with the help of a forklift. (Mikkola, Myrttinen) - 3 -

5 SIDELOADER vessels load and unload the cargo through the side hatches. The goods are stowed using forklifts, which often are part of the ship s equipment. (Mikkola, Myrttinen) COMBINED VESSELS can be loaded using different methods. For instance, the super liner vessel can be loaded with the LO-LO system using a boom; the truck to truck system using the side hatches, or with the RO-RO system using the stern ramp. These three methods make the combined vessels very efficient, as loading methods can vary greatly in different countries and ports. Combined vessels are also very convenient for long voyages and for exporting forest industry products. (Mikkola, Myrttinen) TRAIN FERRIES connect railway systems across seas and are used, for example, between German and Swedish railway systems. This type of system enables exports to be carried out by train from Finland to Central Europe without having to reload the carriages at any stage of the voyage. This is made possible by changing the carriages shafts and trucks to narrower ones in the port of departure. Train ferry transport has slowly increased in popularity. (Mikkola, Myrttinen) LIGHTER TRANSPORT tries to have the expensive cost generating manned machinery in continuous use. The machinery brings the lighter onto the loading place and immediately receives a new loaded lighter in replace there are three different alternatives for transport: 1. The lighter is loaded onto the main vessel for the duration of marine transport (LASH Lighter Aboard Ship system) 2. The butting-system consisting of a floating storage and its pusher tug (pushing lighter) 3. The towing of the lighter by a towboat, which is inexpensive and simple. The pushing lighter is most probably going to be further developed in the future even though it would also be fruitful to develop lighters situated on the main vessels. In lighter traffic, distances should be short so that the times spent in harbor form a considerable part of the entire transport. In addition, the flow of goods should be smooth and consist of large quantities. (Mikkola, Myrttinen) MULTIMODAL TRANSPORTS use a combination of road, sea and railway transport. This type of mode of transport requires its own multimodal transport documents as it cannot merely function on, for example, bills of lading. The problem is which terms, shipping or railway terms are to be followed and to what extent each of these terms are to be combined for this mode of transport. This combination of transport modes is especially popular in transit traffic and on long journeys involving a variety of terrains. (Mikkola, Myrttinen) The cargo-carrying capacity (tonnage) of a boat is given in register tons (vessel ton). One register ton is: 100 j³ = 2,83 m³. The total volume of the vessel is reported in gross register tons and the cargo space is given in net register tons. (Pehkonen) The load carrying capacity of a vessel is measured in dead weight tons (dwt). It informs how many tons of cargo, people, fuel and other materials the vessel can take. (Pehkonen) Displacement tons stand for the weight of water in tons that the vessel displaces. In container traffic the unit of measure is TEU (Twenty feet Equivalent Units) which tells how many 20-ft containers the vessel is capable of carrying. (Pehkonen) - 4 -

6 In order to avoid excessive loading load lines have been painted on the vessels flanks. There are several different load lines for different seasons and sea areas. (Pehkonen) The consolidation of transport lots During consolidation, numerous small packages or parcels are combined to form bigger, transportable units. These bigger units need to be easily transportable. Depending on the product, a unit can be packages, pallets or rolls of, for instance, sawn timber. The weight of a unit is between kg. Extra big units could be, for instance, containers, trailers, platforms, or train carriages. The use of big units is growing. Super units might be consignments even up to 150 tons. Reasons why the transport of units has increased are because they speed-up the loading maneuvers, reduce the need to handle the goods and they can be transported on many different modes. With the development of freight traffic, unified goods will gain a competitive advantage over non-unified goods. There are, however, some restrictions for using unified goods. For instance, the goods need to be arranged in a way that they do not have to be unpacked in the port of destination due to their inconvenient size and shape for safety reasons. The consolidation should therefore be ordered and planned according to the wishes of the buyer. (The source of this chapter: Mikkola, Myrttinen) References: Juslin, H. & Neuvonen, J Metsäteollisuustuotteiden markkinointi. Opetushallitus. Pp ; pp ISBN X. Mikkola, M. & Myrttinen, S The Forest Industry s Transportation Systems in Export. University of Helsinki. Department of Forest Economics. Pehkonen, E EU-Suomen vienti- ja tuontitoiminta. WSOY. P ISBN

SHIPPING AND EXPORT DOCUMENTS. November 2002 Department of Forest Economics, University of Helsinki. Visit: for updates

SHIPPING AND EXPORT DOCUMENTS. November 2002 Department of Forest Economics, University of Helsinki. Visit: for updates November 2002 Department of Forest Economics, University of Helsinki Visit: for updates THIS PAGE IS MEANT TO BE EMPTY. SHIPPING DOCUMENTS Very often an exporter wants to use a forwarding agent in the

More information

General Definitions 7

General Definitions 7 General Definitions 7 Vessels 1. Vessel length The overall length of vessel as shown on the vessel's registration certificate, calculated in meters. 2. Vessel A ship which length is above 24 meters and

More information

Incoterms A practical guide to Incoterms 2010

Incoterms A practical guide to Incoterms 2010 Incoterms 2010 A practical guide to Incoterms 2010 When negotiating an international sales contract, you need to pay as much attention to the terms of sale as to the sale price. Minimize confusion by using

More information

Incoterms Incoterms EXW ex works Seller ex works ex factory ex mill ex plant ex refinery ex site ex warehouse EXW

Incoterms Incoterms EXW ex works Seller ex works ex factory ex mill ex plant ex refinery ex site ex warehouse EXW INCOTERMS Incoterms, promulgated by the International Chamber of Commerce, is an acronym for International commercial terms, and provide a standard set of definitions for trade terms (also known as delivery

More information

SOLAS. Verified Gross Mass Shipper Guide. www.kuehne nagel.com

SOLAS. Verified Gross Mass Shipper Guide. www.kuehne nagel.com SOLAS Verified Gross Mass Shipper Guide www.kuehne nagel.com 1 SEA LOGISTICS SOLAS Verified Gross Mass What is SOLAS? SOLAS is part of the IMO (International Maritime Organization, a United Nations Agency)

More information

Container design and types

Container design and types Container technology can transport mainly piece goods over great distances. The strong container protects good during the transport, the standardized dimensions let them store in well defined stacks and

More information

Project cargo Pre-Planning for Heavy Lift Transport

Project cargo Pre-Planning for Heavy Lift Transport Transport Risk Management Risk focus Project cargo Pre-Planning for Heavy Lift Transport No Heavy Lift transportation goes entirely according to plan! Deviations are normal as it is about a project and

More information

GUIDELINES REGARDING THE VERIFIED GROSS MASS OF A CONTAINER CARRYING CARGO

GUIDELINES REGARDING THE VERIFIED GROSS MASS OF A CONTAINER CARRYING CARGO E 4 ALBERT EMBANKMENT LONDON SE1 7SR Telephone: +44 (0)20 7735 7611 Fax: +44 (0)20 7587 3210 GUIDELINES REGARDING THE VERIFIED GROSS MASS OF A CONTAINER CARRYING CARGO MSC.1/Circ.1475 9 June 2014 1 The

More information

ING FORWARDING & SHIP'S AGEI

ING FORWARDING & SHIP'S AGEI ING FORWARDING & SHIP'S AGEI General information CF&S is a classical maritime agency established in 1997 with an objective to provide high quality shipping services. While aiming at understanding the requests

More information

Gdański Terminal Kontenerowy SA

Gdański Terminal Kontenerowy SA Gdański Terminal Kontenerowy SA Tariff for services of the Gdansk Container Terminal Co. This tariff has been implemented by the decision of Management Board of GTK on December, 11th, 2015. PART I GENERAL

More information

INCOTERMS 2000 EX WORKS (EXW)

INCOTERMS 2000 EX WORKS (EXW) INCOTERMS 2000 The purpose of Incoterms 2000 is to provide a set of international rules for the interpretation of the most commonly used trade terms in foreign trade. Thus, the uncertainties of different

More information

APPENDIX V: INTERNATIONAL COMMERCIAL TERMS (INCO)

APPENDIX V: INTERNATIONAL COMMERCIAL TERMS (INCO) APPENDIX V: INTERNATIONAL COMMERCIAL TERMS (INCO) INCOTERMS (INternational COmmercial Terms) 2000, published by the International Chamber of Commerce (2000 pub 560), are the most commonly accepted terms

More information

Tariff General Cargo. Tariff 2013. DB Port Szczecin Sp. z o.o. Bytomska14_Str. 70 603 Szczecin, Poland. This Tariff includes: rates for services,

Tariff General Cargo. Tariff 2013. DB Port Szczecin Sp. z o.o. Bytomska14_Str. 70 603 Szczecin, Poland. This Tariff includes: rates for services, Tariff General This Tariff includes: rates for services, valid at DB Port Szczecin 01.01.2013 do 31.12.2013. DB Port Szczecin Sp. z o.o. Bytomska14_Str. 70 603 Szczecin, Poland 1 Table of contents: 1.

More information

Australian Customs Cargo Advice

Australian Customs Cargo Advice Australian Cargo Advice Incoterms 2010 Number 2010/13 This notice is to advise that the International Chamber of Commerce (ICC) has revised Incoterms 2000 to reflect changes in international and domestic

More information

PORT TARIFF. for THE PORT AUTHORITY OF GRENLAND. Effective from 1 January 2016.

PORT TARIFF. for THE PORT AUTHORITY OF GRENLAND. Effective from 1 January 2016. PORT TARIFF for THE PORT AUTHORITY OF GRENLAND 2016 Effective from 1 January 2016. Adopted by the Port of Grenland Committee of Representatives on 6 November 2015. 1 Table of Contents General Provisions..

More information

Railway network. [and you drive??] PhD CE Jarosław Zwolski. 1. Railway network in Poland and in Europe. 2. Safety and traffic control

Railway network. [and you drive??] PhD CE Jarosław Zwolski. 1. Railway network in Poland and in Europe. 2. Safety and traffic control Railway network 1. Railway network in Poland and in Europe 2. Safety and traffic control 3. Intermodal transportation [and you drive??] PhD CE Jarosław Zwolski A transportation network consists of linear

More information

CIF Cost, Insurance & Freight

CIF Cost, Insurance & Freight CIF Cost, Insurance & Freight Cost, Insurance and Freight means that the seller delivers when the goods pass the ship's rail in the port of shipment. The seller must pay the costs and freight necessary

More information

World Trade Practices Chapter 14 FCL= full container load LCL= less than full container load (door to door)

World Trade Practices Chapter 14 FCL= full container load LCL= less than full container load (door to door) Logistics Containerized Cargo Twenty-Foot Equivalent Units (intermodal shipping container) 1 TEU 20 long container 2 TEUs per 40 long container World Trade Practices Chapter 14 FCL= full container load

More information

Diagram: International Commercial Terms

Diagram: International Commercial Terms Diagram: International Commercial Terms INTERNATIONAL COMMERCIAL TERMS EXW FAS FCA FOB CFR CIF CIP CPT DAF DDP DDU DEQ DES Ex Works Free Alongside Ship Free Carrier Free On Board Cost and Freight (The

More information

SHIPPER S GUIDE. 18/F., 9 Des Voeux Road West,Hong Kong TEL: (852) 2559 7911, FAX: (852) 2581 3336 www.sinotrans-logistics.com

SHIPPER S GUIDE. 18/F., 9 Des Voeux Road West,Hong Kong TEL: (852) 2559 7911, FAX: (852) 2581 3336 www.sinotrans-logistics.com SHIPPER S GUIDE Sinotrans (HK) Logistics Limited have rich experience in shipping agency and freight forwarding and gained a lot of support and advice from our customers in the pass. Nowadays, our services

More information

Incoterms 2010. The latest update of the Incoterms have entered into force on 01 January 2011, known as Incoterms 2010

Incoterms 2010. The latest update of the Incoterms have entered into force on 01 January 2011, known as Incoterms 2010 The latest update of the Incoterms have entered into force on 01 January 2011, known as Incoterms 2010 The valid Incoterms as from 01 January 2010:- 1. EXW = Ex Works / all modes 2. FCA = Free Carrier

More information

Guidelines for Improving Safety and Implementing the SOLAS Container Weight Verification Requirements

Guidelines for Improving Safety and Implementing the SOLAS Container Weight Verification Requirements Guidelines for Improving Safety and Implementing the SOLAS Container Weight Verification Requirements July 1, 2015 Summary In November 2014, the International Maritime Organization (IMO) adopted mandatory

More information

Every logistic challenge has a tailor-made solution

Every logistic challenge has a tailor-made solution Every logistic challenge has a tailor-made solution www.cmacgm-log.com CMA CGM LOG is the logistic arm of the CMA CGM Group providing international freight forwarding and optimized logistics solutions.

More information

TRADE AFRICA Trade Promotion Program

TRADE AFRICA Trade Promotion Program Incoterms 2000 In their sells contract the seller (exporter) and the buyer agree on the conditions of sale: payment on the one hand, delivery on the other. These terms determine at what precise moment

More information

INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS

INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS PART 4: FREIGHT FORWARDING TABLE OF CONTENTS PAGE INTRODUCTION TO FREIGHT HANDLING AND FORWARDING... 2 CATEGORIES OF FREIGHT... 3 HOW FREIGHT PRICING IS DETERMINED... 4 CARGO INSURANCE...

More information

of: Frontier/Term inal/quay Shipm ent

of: Frontier/Term inal/quay Shipm ent Any mode of Seller/Exporter 'S RISKS 'S EXW of: D e s tin a tio n : RISKS B u ye r/ e r Ex Works 'S COSTS 'S COSTS EXW, Ex Works (...named place) In Ex Works, the seller/exporter/manufacturer merely makes

More information

OUTLINE TO GUIDE 02 GUIDE TO INCOTERMS

OUTLINE TO GUIDE 02 GUIDE TO INCOTERMS GUIDE TO INCOTERMS GUIDE TO INCOTERMS ACE INA Insurance has produced this Guide to Incoterms as a simplified and convenient quick reference. Before accepting any form of contractual liability you must

More information

INDUSTRIAL MINERAL TRANSPORTATION and MARKETING

INDUSTRIAL MINERAL TRANSPORTATION and MARKETING INDUSTRIAL MINERAL TRANSPORTATION and MARKETING TRANSPORTATION CONCEPTS Overall transport is 21% of US economy Often >50% of delivered IM cost Bulk versus value Place value Value added Quality retention

More information

CHANGES IN RO-RO TRANSPORT TENDENCIES IN SANTANDER PORT

CHANGES IN RO-RO TRANSPORT TENDENCIES IN SANTANDER PORT CHANGES IN RO-RO TRANSPORT TENDENCIES IN SANTANDER PORT Emma Díaz Ruiz-Navamuel (I)*, Andrés Ortega (I), Ernesto Madariaga (I), Jesús E. Martínez (III), Lidia Sánchez (II), Beatriz Blanco (II). Members

More information

Incoterms 2000. SCA Transforest

Incoterms 2000. SCA Transforest Incoterms 2000 SCA Transforest EXW Ex works at the buyers disposal at agreed place and time the time the goods are placed at buyers disposal at agreed place and time Bear all costs until at buyers disposal

More information

The Training Material on Multimodal Transport Law and Operations has been produced under Project Sustainable Human Resource Development in Logistic

The Training Material on Multimodal Transport Law and Operations has been produced under Project Sustainable Human Resource Development in Logistic The Training Material on Multimodal Transport Law and Operations has been produced under Project Sustainable Human Resource Development in Logistic Services for ASEAN Member States with the support from

More information

INCO Terms. The seven rules defined by Incoterms 2010 for any mode(s) of transportation are:

INCO Terms. The seven rules defined by Incoterms 2010 for any mode(s) of transportation are: INCO Terms INCO Terms The seven rules defined by Incoterms 2010 for any mode(s) of transportation are: EXW: Ex Works (named place of delivery) The seller makes the goods available at its premises. This

More information

FCA Free Carrier(...named place) Seller Seller Seller Seller. Seller Seller Seller Seller. Seller Seller Seller Seller

FCA Free Carrier(...named place) Seller Seller Seller Seller. Seller Seller Seller Seller. Seller Seller Seller Seller E/F Group E (Departure) EXW Exworks (...named place) FCA Free Carrier(...named place) Group F (Main Carriage Not Paid By Seller) FAS Free Alongside Ship(...named of shipment) Free On Board(...named of

More information

ECG Standard Shipping Terms

ECG Standard Shipping Terms ECG Standard Shipping Terms Version 1, September 2011 This document has been prepared by the ECG Maritime & Ports Commission and it is also available on the ECG website (www.ecgassociation.eu) The ECG

More information

We provide international road haulage services all throughout Europe. Our dispatchers have many years of experience and are ready to meet the

We provide international road haulage services all throughout Europe. Our dispatchers have many years of experience and are ready to meet the C O M P A N Y P R O F I L E We provide international road haulage services all throughout Europe. Our dispatchers have many years of experience and are ready to meet the requirements of our customers.

More information

INCOTERMS 2010 INDEX

INCOTERMS 2010 INDEX CHAPTER 30 INCOTERMS 2010 1 CHAPTER 30 INCOTERMS 2010 INDEX Para No TOPIC Page No 30 Introduction 3 30 1 EX Works (EXW) 4 30 2 Free Carrier (FCA) 4 30 3 Free Alongside Ship (FAS) 5 30 4 Free on Board (FOB)

More information

INCOTERMS 2010 INTERNATIONAL COMMERCIAL TERMS

INCOTERMS 2010 INTERNATIONAL COMMERCIAL TERMS INCOTERMS 2010 INTERNATIONAL COMMERCIAL TERMS (CONTRACT OF SALE) Incoterms Key elements of international contracts of sale. They tell the parties what to do with respect to carriage of the goods from buyer

More information

Chapter 8 EXPORTS and IMPORT FINANCING

Chapter 8 EXPORTS and IMPORT FINANCING Chapter 8 EXPORTS and IMPORT FINANCING Form of Trade Financing Direct form Loan to finance purchases Prepayment by buyers (sometimes in the form of red clause L/C) Delayed payment by sellers Indirect form

More information

Incoterms 2000. English. www.if.fi

Incoterms 2000. English. www.if.fi Incoterms 2000 English www.if.fi THE TRADE TERMS OF THE INTERNATIONAL CHAMBER OF COMMERCE WHAT IS A TRADE TERM? A trade term is a combination of letters or words, which specifies certain obligations within

More information

To separate a composite load into individual shipments and route to different destinations.

To separate a composite load into individual shipments and route to different destinations. Term: Definition: 3PL The transportation, warehousing and other logistics related services provided by companies employed to assume tasks that were previously performed in-house by the client. Also referred

More information

Peters & May has shipped boats, yachts and

Peters & May has shipped boats, yachts and LUXURY YACHTS OF THE WORLD 1 This brochure is reprinted from a feature in Luxury Yachts Of The World - V5-2012, the world s No.1 best-selling book on luxury yachting, available from all good bookstores

More information

A worldwide logistics company based in the UK

A worldwide logistics company based in the UK A worldwide logistics company based in the UK 29 Apr 2015 Welcome to Limited is a worldwide logistics company based in the UK. We provide a full logistics service: import or export, storage, distribution,

More information

CIP Carriage & Insurance Paid To

CIP Carriage & Insurance Paid To CIP Carriage & Insurance Paid To Carriage and Insurance paid to means that the seller delivers the goods to the carrier nominated by him but the seller must in addition pay the cost of carriage necessary

More information

International Commercial Terms (INCOTERMS) International Commercial Terms (INCOTERMS)

International Commercial Terms (INCOTERMS) International Commercial Terms (INCOTERMS) International Commercial Terms (INCOTERMS) The INCOTERMS (International Commercial Terms) is a universally recognized set of definitions of international trade terms, such as FOB, CFR and CIF, developed

More information

DSV Air & Sea. - Customer choices & Value added services

DSV Air & Sea. - Customer choices & Value added services DSV Air & Sea - Customer choices & Value added services DSV Air & Sea DSV Air & Sea is a premier air- and seafreight service provider offering exemplary services, which makes us the preferred service partner

More information

American Fast Freight

American Fast Freight Shipping Terms American Fast Freight Ad Valorem Tax A charge levied on persons or organizations based on the value of transaction. It is normally a given percentage of the price of the retail or manufacturing

More information

Abu Dhabi Ports Operating Company Abu Dhabi Terminals PJSC

Abu Dhabi Ports Operating Company Abu Dhabi Terminals PJSC Abu Dhabi Ports Operating Company Abu Dhabi Terminals PJSC Khalifa Port Container Terminal Terms and Conditions of Use and Tariffs Schedule Tariff 1 P age INDEX A GENERAL SECTION 3 1 Application 3 2 Documentation

More information

EXW (insert named place of delivery) Incoterms 2010

EXW (insert named place of delivery) Incoterms 2010 RULES FOR ANY MODE OR MODES OF TRANSPORT EX WORKS EXW (insert named place of delivery) Incoterms 2010 GUIDANCE NOTE This rule may be used irrespective of the mode of transport selected and may also be

More information

Total Supply Chain Management. Visibility, efficiency and complete supply chain management control from Gulf Winds.

Total Supply Chain Management. Visibility, efficiency and complete supply chain management control from Gulf Winds. Total Supply Chain Management Visibility, efficiency and complete supply chain management control from Gulf Winds. Services At Gulf Winds, we are committed to providing our clients with dynamic logistics

More information

INCOTERMS 2000 FOREWORD

INCOTERMS 2000 FOREWORD INCOTERMS 2000 UCP 600 INCOTERMS 2000 FOREWORD By Maria Livanos Cattaui, Secretary General of ICC The global economy has given businesses broader access than ever before to markets all over the world.

More information

Congo (D. R.) Ports description

Congo (D. R.) Ports description Congo (D. R.) Ports description Matadi Access Specification MATADI PORT MAP Map reference number and Description 1 Matadi (Berths 1 & 2) closed Length (m) Draught (m) up river/down river 1 General Cargo

More information

Chapter 22 Physical Distribution. Section 22.1 Transportation Systems and Services Section 22.2 Inventory Storage

Chapter 22 Physical Distribution. Section 22.1 Transportation Systems and Services Section 22.2 Inventory Storage Chapter 22 Physical Distribution Section 22.1 Transportation Systems and Services Section 22.2 Inventory Storage Key Terms physical distribution transportation common carriers contract carriers private

More information

GOODS IN TRANSIT OVER THE LAST DECADE

GOODS IN TRANSIT OVER THE LAST DECADE GOODS IN TRANSIT OVER THE LAST DECADE Piret Pukk Statistics Estonia The role of transit in the Estonian economy is valued very differently. Supposedly the transit sector in Estonia accounts for 4 10% or

More information

LOGISTICS SPECIALIST IN MINING AND OIL & GAS

LOGISTICS SPECIALIST IN MINING AND OIL & GAS LOGISTICS SPECIALIST IN MINING AND OIL & GAS ISOTEC Project Logistics & Consulting Pte Ltd Fast & Reliable Services Main Office Address: 50 Ubi Crescent Tech Park #01-08 Singapore 408588 Office: (65) 6415

More information

PUBLIC OPEN HOUSE & INFORMATION SESSION WHY IS THE CITY INVESTING IN FREIGHT AND MARITIME USES AND WHY AT SBMT?

PUBLIC OPEN HOUSE & INFORMATION SESSION WHY IS THE CITY INVESTING IN FREIGHT AND MARITIME USES AND WHY AT SBMT? WHY IS THE CITY INVESTING IN FREIGHT AND MARITIME USES AND WHY AT SBMT? CRITICAL ROLE IN FREIGHT TRANSPORTATION SBMT is the only maritime industrial site in Brooklyn, Queens and Long Island capable of

More information

DSV Air & Sea Inc. Incoterms 2010 Introduction Guidelines

DSV Air & Sea Inc. Incoterms 2010 Introduction Guidelines DSV Air & Sea Inc. Incoterms 2010 Introduction Guidelines Contents Section Page 1 What do I need to know about Incoterms 2010? 3 2 What is Incoterms 2010 and how does it differ from Incoterms 2000? 4 3

More information

SOLAS - VGM. March, 2016

SOLAS - VGM. March, 2016 SOLAS - VGM March, 2016 Agenda Background information Main principles Method 1 Method 2 Method 1 vs Method 2 VGM Information Flow Definition: Shipper? Responsibility Shipper Accuracy vs Margin of Error

More information

Incoterms 2010. General mode of transportation

Incoterms 2010. General mode of transportation Incoterms 2010 The eighth published set of pre-defined terms, Incoterms 2010 defines 11 rules, reducing the 13 used in Incoterms 2000 by introducing two new rules ("Delivered at Terminal", DAT; "Delivered

More information

Reefer claims loss prevention A loss prevention America Focus publication

Reefer claims loss prevention A loss prevention America Focus publication October 2009 Reefer claims loss prevention A loss prevention America Focus publication Phase 7 Final Delivery of the Refrigerated Container Proper care and handling of refrigerated containers during the

More information

INCOTERMS 2010. International Commercial Terms by the ICC (International chamber of commerce)

INCOTERMS 2010. International Commercial Terms by the ICC (International chamber of commerce) INCOTERMS 2010 International Commercial Terms by the ICC (International chamber of commerce) Who is responsible and has to pay the damage/loss?? PURPOSE OF INCOTERMS To provide a set of international

More information

INCO Terms LIBERTY-TERMINALS.COM INDEX

INCO Terms LIBERTY-TERMINALS.COM INDEX 2055 Col. Cole Drive Post Office Box 2775 Georgetown, SC 29442 U.S.A. Phone: (+1 843-527-3552 Fax: +1 843-527-3554 Email: managament@liberty-terminals.com INCO Terms INDEX Ex Works (EXW)... 2 Free Carrier

More information

Removals Glossary. for International Moves. With Bournes, it s personal.

Removals Glossary. for International Moves. With Bournes, it s personal. Removals Glossary for International Moves With Bournes, it s personal. Introduction Firstly on behalf of the moving industry we re going to start with an apology for being so confusing! In compiling the

More information

Intermodal Handling TOP PERFORMANCE WITH SMART SOLUTIONS

Intermodal Handling TOP PERFORMANCE WITH SMART SOLUTIONS Intermodal Handling TOP PERFORMANCE WITH SMART SOLUTIONS Intelligent intermodal solutions ensure safe and sustainable transport of goods International trade is constantly changing its ways and requirements

More information

New Continental hub in Rotterdam

New Continental hub in Rotterdam THE SEA-CARGO GROUP: TOTAL MADE EASY New Continental hub in Rotterdam - served twice weekly in both directions Sea-Cargo is pleased to announce a new Continental Hub in the port of Rotterdam. The new hub

More information

CFR (CNF/C&F) (Cost and Freight) has a long history in the INCOTERMS.

CFR (CNF/C&F) (Cost and Freight) has a long history in the INCOTERMS. Incoterms - CFR/CIF CFR (CNF/C&F) (Cost and Freight) has a long history in the INCOTERMS. As an INCOTERM, seller passes the risk to the buyer when the cargo crosses the ship's rail at the port of origin.

More information

Virginia Maritime Association. Voice of the Port. VMA s Mission

Virginia Maritime Association. Voice of the Port. VMA s Mission Virginia Maritime Association Voice of the Port VMA s Mission PROMOTE, PROTECT, AND ENCOURAGE INTERNATIONAL & DOMESTIC COMMERCE THROUGH THE PORTS OF VIRGINIA 1 VMA Structure & Priorities Membership over

More information

Damietta Container & Cargo Handling Co.

Damietta Container & Cargo Handling Co. D C H C GENERAL TARIFF OF CONTAINER HANDLING & STORAGE Effective 1 st January 20 Article Details 20" 40" F E F E 1 2 Discharging / loading of Import/Export, full/empty s. Container transportation (by terminal's

More information

CUXPORT - IN POLE POSITION

CUXPORT - IN POLE POSITION CUXPORT - IN POLE POSITION The x-press link to sea Contract Logistics Freight Logistics Port Logistics STRAIGHT TO THE TARGET Your North European Shortsea Hub Kirkenes Reykjavik Tromsoe Ålesund Trondheim

More information

Simulation of Logging and Barge Transport of Wood from Forests on Islands

Simulation of Logging and Barge Transport of Wood from Forests on Islands International Journal of Forest Engineering 43 Simulation of Logging and Barge Transport of Wood from Forests on Islands ABSTRACT Antti Asikainen Finnish Forest Research Institute Finland Logging on islands

More information

Stevedoring Liability

Stevedoring Liability Stevedoring Liability Part I. You and Your Company 1. Name of Company: 2. Office Address: 3. Established: 4. Principal Owners / Shareholders 5. Principal Company Officers and relevant experience: 6. Contact

More information

LOGISTICS STUDIES IN LUXEMBURG

LOGISTICS STUDIES IN LUXEMBURG LOGISTICS STUDIES IN LUXEMBURG Over the past few years, Luxembourg has continuously improved its positioning as an intercontinental logistics hub in Europe especially for contract, air and rail freight-based

More information

Port of Bremen: Neustädter Hafen. Europe s largest terminal for breakbulk cargo

Port of Bremen: Neustädter Hafen. Europe s largest terminal for breakbulk cargo Port of Bremen: Neustädter Hafen Europe s largest terminal for breakbulk cargo 02 About us About us Bremer Lagerhaus-Gesellschaft (BLG) was established by Bremen merchants in 1877 for the purpose of organizing

More information

Glossary of Port and Shipping Terms

Glossary of Port and Shipping Terms of Port and Shipping Terms Backhaul To haul a shipment back over part of a route that it has already traveled; return movement of cargo, usually opposite from the direction of its primary cargo destination.

More information

Weight and dimensions of heavy commercial vehicles as established by Directive 96/53/EC and the European Modular System (EMS)

Weight and dimensions of heavy commercial vehicles as established by Directive 96/53/EC and the European Modular System (EMS) Weight and dimensions of heavy commercial vehicles as established by Directive 96/53/EC and the European Modular System (EMS) Workshop on LHVs Stefan Larsson Director, Regulatory Projects June 24, 2009

More information

Track and Trace. Objective. Scope. Container Tracking: Figure 1: Enquiry Screen - Container Tracking

Track and Trace. Objective. Scope. Container Tracking: Figure 1: Enquiry Screen - Container Tracking Objective Track and Trace feature is designed to enable customers to check the status of shipment online during the channel of distribution from cargo pickup to delivery. Scope The Track and Trace will

More information

10. Incoterms The Incoterms rules or International Commercial Terms are a series of pre-defined commercial terms published by the International

10. Incoterms The Incoterms rules or International Commercial Terms are a series of pre-defined commercial terms published by the International 10. Incoterms The Incoterms rules or International Commercial Terms are a series of pre-defined commercial terms published by the International Chamber of Commerce (ICC) that are widely used in International

More information

The 40-Foot CONTAINER. Containers await transfer in the marshalling yard at Port Elizabeth, New Jersey.

The 40-Foot CONTAINER. Containers await transfer in the marshalling yard at Port Elizabeth, New Jersey. THE INTERMODAL CONTAINER ERA The 40-Foot CONTAINER Industry Standard Faces Challenges and Change RON KATIMS PHOTO: NATIONAL OCEANIC AND ATMOSPHERIC ADMINISTRATION Containers await transfer in the marshalling

More information

INTERFERENCE AVOIDANCE IN INTERMODAL SUPPLY CHAIN OF SOUTH- EASTERN FINNISH PORTS

INTERFERENCE AVOIDANCE IN INTERMODAL SUPPLY CHAIN OF SOUTH- EASTERN FINNISH PORTS INTERFERENCE AVOIDANCE IN INTERMODAL SUPPLY CHAIN OF SOUTH- EASTERN FINNISH PORTS Jorma Rytkönen 1 Research Manager Kymenlaakso University of Applied Sciences Lehmustie 4, 48400, Kotka Finland E-mail:

More information

Incoterms. This guideline is also posted on the UNOPS intranet: Main Page Practices Procurement How to guides

Incoterms. This guideline is also posted on the UNOPS intranet: Main Page Practices Procurement How to guides Incoterms This guideline is also posted on the UNOPS intranet: Main Page Practices Procurement How to guides Organizational Effectiveness Centre 20 ecember 2006 Contents 1 WHAT ARE INCOTERMS... 2 2 WHAT

More information

5. Transporting your Product to the EU

5. Transporting your Product to the EU 5. Transporting your Product to the EU 5.1 Logistics and Shipping General requirements It is extremely important to choose the right shipping method. Exporters have a number of options to transport goods

More information

A LOSS PREVENTION ARTICLE

A LOSS PREVENTION ARTICLE A LOSS PREVENTION ARTICLE TRANSPORTATION OF WIND TURBINES AS CARGO With international demand and promises to drastically reduce CO2 emissions, wind power is playing an ever-increasing part in the generation

More information

Incoterms 2010 Workshop. November 2010

Incoterms 2010 Workshop. November 2010 Incoterms 2010 Workshop AGENDA Introduction to the International Trade Terms Trade Terms: EXW; FCA; FAS; FOB; CFR; CIF Trade Terms: CPT; CIP; DAT; DAP;DDP Important Notes on Obligations, Risks and Exposure

More information

Worldwide. Worldwise. November 4, 2013 TTC-Presentation

Worldwide. Worldwise. November 4, 2013 TTC-Presentation Worldwide Worldwise November 4, 2013 TTC-Presentation 1 Agenda Introductions of TTC Background & History Basic Services Offered Added Value Services Our Worldwide Network IT Infrastructure Financials Supply

More information

Sr. EXPORT CYCLES. IMPORT CYCLES ACTL De-stuffing: (In Rupees) Rates

Sr. EXPORT CYCLES. IMPORT CYCLES ACTL De-stuffing: (In Rupees) Rates (In Rupees) Rates Sr. EXPORT CYCLES 20 40 1 ACTL Stuffing: Shifting of empty container from empty stack in ACTL to stuffing point, arranging customs examination; stuffing by labour or 3 Ton forklift shifting

More information

Quick Reference Guide to Incoterms 2010. Overview

Quick Reference Guide to Incoterms 2010. Overview Local National International Quick Reference Guide to Incoterms 2010 Overview The Incoterms rules are an internationally recognized standard and are used worldwide in international and domestic contracts

More information

Logistically Speaking: Using Delivery Terms to Allocate Supply Chain Risks

Logistically Speaking: Using Delivery Terms to Allocate Supply Chain Risks Logistically Speaking: Using Delivery Terms to Allocate Supply Chain Risks Allen L. Anderson, Lawyer FEES & BURGESS, P.C. 256/536-0095; anderson@feesburgess.com Jeffrey L. Roth, Lawyer FEES & BURGESS,

More information

Range of Uni-logistics activities: > Road transportation - containers > Road transportation FTL / LTL > Intermodal

Range of Uni-logistics activities: > Road transportation - containers > Road transportation FTL / LTL > Intermodal Range of Uni-logistics activities: > Road transportation - containers > Road transportation FTL / LTL > Intermodal > Logistics (including: contract logistics and warehouses) > Sea freight ( FCL / LCL)

More information

Abu Dhabi Ports Operating Company Abu Dhabi Terminals PJSC

Abu Dhabi Ports Operating Company Abu Dhabi Terminals PJSC Abu Dhabi Ports Operating Company Abu Dhabi Terminals PJSC Khalifa Port Container Terminal Terms and Conditions of Use and Tariffs Schedule Tariff Effective from 1st January, 2016 1 P age INDEX Item Subject

More information

Rail Acceleration and deceleration. Coupling impact during car humping operations. Swaying on curves. Shock and vibrations. Derailments.

Rail Acceleration and deceleration. Coupling impact during car humping operations. Swaying on curves. Shock and vibrations. Derailments. HAZARDS TRANSPORTATION MODES Marine Rolling, pitching, heaving, surging, swaying and yawing motions of ocean vessel. Wave impact (water shipping over the bow impacting on deck stowed cargo or containers

More information

RAILWAY FREIGHT SYSTEMS

RAILWAY FREIGHT SYSTEMS RAILWAY FREIGHT SYSTEMS WORKSHOP ON NATIONAL CAPACITY BUILDING FOR SUSTAINABLE TRANSPORT COLOMBO, SRI LANKA - 09-10 JULY 2015 SUMANT CHAK Director(international relations) AITD, New Delhi Freight Systems

More information

Moscow. Group of Companies. NP - Techno. Beyond the standards. cargo traffic OVERSIZED. heavyweight. bulky SUPER HEAVYWEIGHT

Moscow. Group of Companies. NP - Techno. Beyond the standards. cargo traffic OVERSIZED. heavyweight. bulky SUPER HEAVYWEIGHT Moscow Group of Companies Beyond the standards cargo traffic OVERSIZED bulky heavyweight SUPER HEAVYWEIGHT History of the Company The NP-Techno Group of Companies - it is a dynamically developing automobile

More information

TOP 100. Contents. AXS-Alphaliner TOP 100 : How it works?

TOP 100. Contents. AXS-Alphaliner TOP 100 : How it works? TOP 100 AXS-Alphaliner TOP 100 : How it works? The AXS-Alphaliner TOP 100 provides a constantly updated ranking of the 100 largest container/liner operators as well as global capacity figures taking into

More information

Optical fiber sensors

Optical fiber sensors Outline Advantages of using optical fiber sensors on board ships Last year review Apllication of Optical Fiber Technology on Ships Parametric roll Improve Safety on ro ro ships Loads monitoring on ships

More information

Viking Grace 20 months' experience of Ship to Ship LNG bunkering

Viking Grace 20 months' experience of Ship to Ship LNG bunkering GO LNG FINAL CONFERENCE TO THE SBSR PROJECT MARTECH LNG Viking Grace 20 months' experience of Ship to Ship LNG bunkering Kari Granberg Project Manager New Building & Technical Development. Agenda Viking

More information

A SOLUTION FOR THE NEW YORK HARBOR TODAY. A LEADER FOR THE SHIPPING WORLD TOMORROW.

A SOLUTION FOR THE NEW YORK HARBOR TODAY. A LEADER FOR THE SHIPPING WORLD TOMORROW. NYCT EXPANSION Last years record cargo volume was impressive under any circumstances. "It's kind of like having the family over for a big dinner and you've just started renovation of your kitchen," says

More information

Glossary of Terms. www.redarrowlogistics.com (425) 747-7914

Glossary of Terms. www.redarrowlogistics.com (425) 747-7914 Glossary of Terms www.redarrowlogistics.com (425) 747-7914 Glossary of Terms Accessibility: A carrier s ability to provide service between an origin and a destination. Accessorial charges: Charges for

More information

SCHEDULE TARIFF. The following Tariffs shall be applicable at the Khalifa Port Container Terminal.

SCHEDULE TARIFF. The following Tariffs shall be applicable at the Khalifa Port Container Terminal. SCHEDULE TARIFF SECTION: A GENERAL 1 APPLICATION The following Tariffs shall be applicable at the Khalifa Port Container Terminal. 2 DOCUMENTATION Documentation shall be delivered to ADT at least 48 hours

More information

The Foundations of International Moving

The Foundations of International Moving Term or acronym Actual Cash value Definition Value of goods after depreciation is taken into account. Agent overseas Usually another moving company appointed to act as a partner in your move. The most

More information

Packing to the highest standards

Packing to the highest standards As the name implies, Atlantic International Movers are specialists in international removals. Whether it s a box to Brisbane, a part load to Paris or a full house to Florida, we at Atlantic International

More information

CONTENTS. E TERMS Departure Terms EXW Ex Works (... named place of delivery)... 6

CONTENTS. E TERMS Departure Terms EXW Ex Works (... named place of delivery)... 6 2 World Trade Press World Trade Press Illustrated Guide to Incoterms 2010* 800 Lindberg Lane, Suite 190 Petaluma, California 94952 USA Tel: +1 (707) 778-1124 x 3 Fax: +1 (707) 778-1329 www.worldtradepress.com

More information