FEDERAL NEGARIT OF THE FEDERAL DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF ETHIOPIA

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1 fh:t-f"kf ty~"ce,~/ioh~ftfce ttl1flh ~lolrala,,;j~t ;lull} FEDERAL NEGARIT GAZETA OF THE FEDERAL DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF ETHIOPIA "r1'f-~: ~op,}- <h1'c c9f "Ati1 "11'1 (t~?)~!jjn~ flj\tr-kl41t"'e -t'p'tjt-f11'e tt"'t\tj fih1l-o+mi]f-:yrtlc IlT m'1-t~""fmll] 8'" Year No 33 ADDIS ABABA 4~1July 2002 tryw6lij, "":E- ~'I'C ~lit?;/hifj!! ~~ f'''iu''7t "A'}- ;l-tji1 ",~: 1~ CONTENTS Proclamation No 285/2002 Value Added Tax Proclamation '''''''''' Page 1832 "'P:E- <h1'c ~l';r?;/ijjf1~ f',",ll""it "fi}- :J-tJi1 "tp:e- "II-'} np't-,,~ 11tc& f7i16l" :J-tJi1 f7il~ ",:"it4>a fn-wim~ ch1'c no,_~,mlro- ',",Ll"'1t "A}-,,~ ~tji1 tip"',,''''''' i11t""l1f1"':j-a: f"-{j}1i7t "A'}- ;l-tli1: :J-tJi11 "ltoptj~a f"'1yl1c& 1'lT f"7!i1h'1-ltm'1 ",~'l- ltoph"ha "'-tu~,-oc h4~ "f)'lb") '}-C~ It'''1l;J''1' i1ito"/l~: ""I"(:J-A ij:i'9'-:'" itf f"'1f,li]a f~':;l-' ;l-tli1 floplf) <hto'n~- J\'}iii1'}'oP')'}-1 i11t1l7"nl;l-:j-: f'lij6i" ;l-tji1 fh-q)"'1t "A}- ;l-tli1 (/II,-tl')-,,"JltiO"/miJY",}-fll7,I""'J~- fop'}"ip't 10 hm:""" 9uC'}- ;J~ 11tm-1 f(lu,u') "ITf~'}- fo"/'i'ir-"ii11t1f~: n,"h1--ou1"1p'i: :J-ID-~{A:: ;i' "''''~ ""C CiJi1 fjotj "'l'~: "f'hljelljt ~~'ii'?;!ijj~j!!" ~ 'h:=i", Y?;(i!)"li (Ii!) (/IIlPl'}' fil7j1'i-1tm- tj~a "'1: ffi:"" " "A}-;l-tJi1 "tp~: "~II'C,,--olt t\m+i1 ~-:;-"A:: fllltj h'l':e- m'i11': {i "f'i",,l 111" "'1ItT "'1~1~ mc (t,,) t'~,h(is fa"1i1 mt,-:;- n" 1'(-~"" '''m:l'ltc& "'J f A'J r' mc,,4>tnt-it;,rv; "»:J 6 00 Unit Price PROCLAMA non NO 285/2002 VALUE ADDED TAX PROCLAMA non WHEREAS, the cultentsales tax does not allow collection of the tax on the added value created wherever a sales transcation is conducted; WHEREAS, the value added tax minimizes the aamage that may be caused by attempts to avoid and evade the tax and helps to ascertain the profit obtained by the taxpayers; WHEREAS, the tax enhances saving and investment as it is a consumption tax and does not tax capital; WHEREAS, r~placement of the cultentsales tax by value added tax enhances economic growth and improves the ratio relationship between Gross Domestic Product and Government Revenue; NOW, THEREFORE, in accordance with Article 55(1) and(ll) of the Constitution, it is hereby proclaimed as follows: SECTION 1 General 1 Short Title This Proclamation may be cited as the "Value Added Tax Proclamation No285/2002" 2 Definitions For the purpose of this Proclamation, unless the context otherwise requires: 1) "accounting period" means a calendnr month The month of Nahase and Pagumen shall be aggregated and treated as one calendar month; ";Jt"', ;JI/III /,,4: 'U;t:ji Negarit GPOBox 80,001

2 'IX'?iir;(~,!i!' tyu/,t\ ~:)t) :IILfJl 4:'f'C c!w t'i); '6% #"} nwi~ '}ye Federal Negarit Gazeta - No 33 4thJuly, Page 1833 ~ T' ~,?;, 1;' ;/:- ~ u' I' Ili' II' Ic' " m h,a" 0'/1\')- n ft" flld< it?" "h e; :f,) WU fo?ip t o"/ci:':cd'tj flld< '1lD<; "ffl9':y- 'H1l)-" 0'/1\)- "ll\fl(l:y- nt)a flf)nt 0'/1nC CDf?" "ll\fl-fl faif) n'}y: CDf?" hn'}f' n"f n'l"t'} fo?~?"c 0'/1nC fl1f,}: 1\" Y;C~T" ')-f-flmld<)-c"?" ld<it1'fo?t1'l--f; 0'/1ntT'} nf ll1tjuctj ; "t)i\p'ailj'}" O'/I\T f~fta n1c ld<it1' 1Q '11\P' A 1lJ'} '1lD<; " f-c~')-" 0'/1\)- f'}"l f- P't fo?f'rt"lf- 0'/e;:r:lD<?" thnf CDftjU f,,-ouu1n f7ictje; 0'/1nC: CDf?" hh-inf CDf?" h,,-ouil1n f7ictjc' 0'/1nC ;JC,-outataf flf'1e; nld<6l"n1c ~"l oulpl')- f"-**ou f-c~'}: CDftjUO'/e;TlD<?" fou'}"lp')- fao'/')- P't f-c~)' CDftjU f1'}ii-fi ~C~T fl1f,}: nld<6l" U1C fl\,} n'rta noumha nntf"kf ld<it1' f,}"l~ P't f "/-ftl"lf-ld<'} mha "he; 8,}'" no?ip&-n)- nn')' f'kf mftju nft" n1c ~"l f",oulpl'" CDftjU,)lD<:"c'f1')' (l1f,}tju 'IfIf'}9'' "h') f, f'c~t fo? '}, ta,it'} f~?" ta: ",):J>9'":f'} CDf,lD<6L"ou"tJ" 0'/1\)',):J>9'":f'} hnt f'a-f ld<"i, ould<flf' '1lD<: ",):J>" O'/I\'} "l"'~ce UA91)' fl\ld< O'/e;TlD<tjU '}f 'IT ""}'" ta:j>7i "he; fo'/f '}, ta,it '}-fil T: f"h'} os-l\ot CDftjU f 1fttJ T t tj ;}fa: ;111 "he; ld<1fl1f'} 1'}H-fI'} nf~?"c?"; "1'}II-fI" O'/I\T; 6' nntf"kf ld<it1' ih;1ce ou1nff flf'1 Pt'}-f:?" CDf?" CDl"'Tf I' fuer" CDl"'T: f'l'}tj f'ttt:t: f:j>a hj;'} fl'1~: ftit~ nt UCP": CDf?" f1'}n-fl tjtt:f O'/n,: CDf?" C f1'}n-fl er;1 fl\ld<"he; nih"l OOlPlT OO,}"lP'T 1\O?fl n it 'l TlD< tjtt:f 91":f f"7f1 1\ "l A 1\7if6L" fo?ld<a -f:?"-flc: :,~: CDf?" 'rtc~: '1lD<; ",):J>91'f'} CDfn1C O'/it1t)T" I171\T f,?"~tj ~"l,} nooh, A,):J>91'f'} CDf n Tf' k f l17?"tljt '1lD<; "n*oi'1t fo?ipt f"c~t" I171\T fll7e;tld<'r flld< ~tjit fo?hlant f,}"l~ P't '"h'}:"it:j>1t nqdo~ CDf?" nh4a fo?he;cd'}nt *o?'fp't (l~ fl1f,): n,i\f9" fnit,j;fc ~/nt : :"C'}6liitt: : ~-flt'rt: CDCtJl\'T f fll7,)f",} l179"l:f CDf9" I17e;TtD-?"f,L1'C" U-flT /\II7T 117'rt~~ (l~: f ~')' CDf9" f"l'}t)~ "h'i/ CDf9" f001t1jmfu P't fo?h'i CD'}nT (l~ n*o?''1t fo?ipt ~C~T,fCo) f~mt/\i "flld<" I17I\T f,l1'c" flld<: f"la 'li\u-flt: ~C~T: f;jt AII7T 1171nc CDffUffl91":f 1-f1lT fl1f'} i ft",} fled- noocdha "''''II76L'''1-1: nntf"kf ld<itl' If'i f'}'" ~ P't fo?f'rt"l~ f'}'" ~ CDhA '} f(, )fu t/\i "L:J> ~ flal 'l1\p'/\tij,}" I171\T L:J>~: f9"ittjc CDl"'T: t'1'}1t7i'} CDf9" ft/r-":f,ootataf L:J> p":f'} I\ooitm'} nih, P'/\tIJ'} f,flmed- n'rt/\ '1lD<; ""l'} 1- '1T f" TlD< fl91":f" 1171\T Ii' f,l1'c" flld<"he; U) fluj f,l1'c" fled- I17'iTeD-9" noo~: CDf9" 1\) noo&;,m:j>o? fo?if,} nt CD "9" I\If'}nT fo?":fa ft)l\nft "'*9": CDf9" 2) "Agent" means any person who acts on behalf of and on instructions from another person; 3) "Association of persons" means an association of individuals or an association that includes one or more members who are not individuals, but not including any association falling within the definition of "body"; 4) "Authority" means the Federal Inland Revenue Authority; 5) "Body" means any company, registered partnership, entity formed under foreign law resembling a company or registered partnership, or any public enterprise or public financial agency that carries out business activities including body of persons corporate or unincorporated whether created or recognized under a law in force in Ethiopia or elsewhere, and any foreign body's business agent doing business in Ethiopia on behalf of the principal ; 6) "Export" means taking goods out of Ethiopia; 7} "Goods" means all kinds of corporeal movable or immovable property, thermal or electrical energy, heat, gas, refrigeration, air conditioning, and water, but does not include mo~ey; 8) "Money" means: 1) a coin or note that is legal tender in Ethiopia; or 2) a bill of exchange, bank draft, promissory note, postal order, or money order; or 3) a stamp, form, or card that has a monetary value and is sold or issued by the Government for the payment of any fiscal charge levied under any law except where the coin, note, stamp, form, or card is disposed of as a collector's piece, an investment article, or an item of numismatic interest; 9) "Import of Goods" means bringing goods into Ethiopia according to the customs legislation; 10) "Permanent Establishment" means a fixed place of taxable activities through which those activities of a person are wholly or partly carried on The following shall, in particular, be considered to be a permanent establishment, an administrative office, branch, factory, workshop, mine, quarry or any other place for the exploitation of natural resources, and a building site or place where construction and/or assembly works are carried out; II) "Person" means any natural person, sole proprietor, body, joint venture, or association of persons (including a business representative residing and doing business in Ethiopia on behalf of the principal): 12) "Registering Authority" means a person appointed under any law to issue a license, permi~,certificate, concession, or oth~i'authorization; 13) "Related person" means: (1) a natural person and (a) any relative of that natural person; or a trust in respect of which such relative is or may be a beneficiary, or

3 liit$ft/ii U-tA ~;I&T;Inti) -IITCt/il: C\~n +1 ZUf7i,, Federal Negarit Gaze~a- No 33 4thJuly, Page 1834 I' IlA"'&,*, 'hfi ftlv- IlA"~&,*, "'m+"7 flf~ m", a\1f1 f"t"fa flan C f1ichfi "7,OC= f;j&' A"7T "7,OC= Oift, fflw-~"" 00llT ''''1 ('c,;-"t m"tjo f,a f~1l11='hfi 0) f'h~iuj "IlA flf~ "7fiTW-" flw-! A) 'h1 ~v-~;i'w- f7ichfi OI/"'OCi f;j&' A"7T "7"'OC m", Oift; fflw-~t oollt ''''"/ ('C';T m", f,a tj1l11 "IlA f If ~fi "7fiTW-" 0 tl U ",, ~ "" ~ ~T '" TW- flsp"f0"ta 0,, ~ 1-00w- f"t ifl 1 "''' fiw-= g 11"1 hlf) "'C7"~1i1 O,,C Oift"l ffl(jj4~,, 00-0"" f,flmw- ('C';T 'h'i"1 0) Oift, fc)w-~t 00-0"" h,flmw- ('C';T O,,C "7fiTW-" flw- m", "U flw-'hfi OllU TC",,, OOIP~ThtlU flw-,7c "I1~~T '''TW- " flsp"f= 1 (' tj1l1 1 w 'I' 1 A(JJ41 Ii 0" I' f" (',~ foo"'mt OO-oT! 1('1' ~1l1 1 t)'c;l-a m", ""ct;: fooh4-la OO-oT 0"''1';1- m", 0"'(' m", h"'~ 0"" Olf) tj1l11sp"f oot)ha IlA "'fi~ tj1l11i f7ichfi "7"'OC m", IlA"~&,*, ""7t)~~TI I TCfl1T ("FC 000+) 'hfi hlll 0"" f 1ft fi"t1f10t 1fJi A) O,&~~A (0) 0001:00~1 f"'m,flw- " flw- m", ~U flw- 'hfi OtlU,C,, OOIP~""htlu flw-';jc "11~~"" lawfl Oib, f flw-~t 00-0"" O,flmmtJ1l11 w-"''i': " Ii' 0~1l11m- m 'I' foo"'mt oollt! IAm-1 ~~ I' 0001:00~1 f"'m,flm-1 ~1l11 t)'c;l-a m", ""Ct;: fooh4-la 00-0"" I h"'~ 0"" oot)ha IlAh''i''~ ~1l1 I: f7ichfi 6+'1';1- td"" 0"'(' oar) tj1l11sp"f m", "7"'OC m", IlAh~&,*, ""7 t):os~"" I TCfl1T ("FC 000+) 'hfi htll 1",: th) "7fiTtJJe" flw-i "u 0"" fl" "R"tQ"10T flm- 'h'i" O,& ~~A (0) f"'ooah,m- flw- m", O,& ~~A (A) f"'ooah,w- Oift, fflw-~t 00-0"" f-flmm- ('C';T RfLU,C,, OOIP~"""I1'f~T '''TmflsP"f If~m- f"'",m~ 0"t1f10T 1fJ= m", 00\ "7fiTW-" flw-= OllU TC",,, lidlptt O,& ~~A (th) h,ijoah,m- flm- ;JC "I1j~"" law- If':" ff~mt O"tlf ~ 10"" 1",= ''''-"'0 n 'h'i"o"''''~ Ii 10-'""''''~ (~) oolpl+,au f",ood,o "fllv- "m- ~C1iA1i~m", f F& htt:a= -i' "7'i"Tm-r, O"''''~ Ii 10-'" "''''~ (~) OOIPtT,AU f,oo",o: f,oo",o nm- ~C1iA1ilj:m", f F &ht;:a' 2) a trust and a person who is or may be a beneficiary in respect of that trust; or 3) a partnership, joint venture, or unincorporated association or body or private company and- (a) any member thereof, or any other person where that person and a member of such partnership, joint venture, or unincorporated association or body, or private company as the case" may be, are related nersons in terms of this definition; or 4) an incorporated company, pther than a closed (c) (d) corporation; (a) 1U1d a person, other than an incorporated company, where that person or that person and a person related to the first mentioned person in terms of this defmition controls 10 percent or more of- 1) the voting power in the company; or 2) the rights to distributions of capital or profits of the company, either dir~tly through one or more interposed companies, partnerships, or trusts; or any other incorporated company in which the first mentioned person referred to in (a) or that person and a person related to that first mentioned person in terms of this definition controls 10 percent or more of- 1) the voting power in the first-mentioned company; or 2) the rights to distributions of capital or profits of the first-mentioned or company, either directly or through one or more interposed companies, partnerships, or trusts; or any person where that person and the person referred to in (a) or the other incorporated company referred to in are related persons in terms of this definitiqn; 0r any person related to the person referred to in (c) in terms of this definition; or 5) a registered person and a branch or division of that registered person which is separately registered under Article 16 Sub-Article (5); or 6) any branches or divisions of a registered person whicq are separately registered under Article 16 Sub-Article (5);

4 'IK'?!7i,~~f'!)?; t,yut&\, ;J{')' ;JILl'1 4:'1'C If)e ft~?}~ "") nwi~ 'i, Federal Negarit Gazeta - No 33 4LhJuly, Page 1835 i: n!' ):?; :('k' :('i:' :('i;' :01'?;?;?! r;~ r;t r;~ ;,tjll "119" y':ei" 0'1/\ ); i) d,i\(\'(l 'hei fh~c ~r,~:; ~ 11""1';" awl\~ enf'}o (J)f;"1' f"'1a'm<; "uuy:}': (J)'}y':9": MH: 1\1')': Mlll'}-: f1\tjll'} (J)f9" f1\1')' A"f:: f'h'}:ft 1\fI'}-: f'h,}:ft 'hei'}: f'h,}:ft A"f: (J)f9" f,i\(to' (J)f9" f')'p'c ~r,~:or f'j-p,t:r- A"f:: 'he; f1p,t;j: A"!:') I1Ioot\fH' f,p,t;j: 1\ltP, 'ljp1'! (1)~9" I:' In O'll 1\'},", (~) f,,'uul\ h"'co, cryci:':(1)')o (t(1) f')'p'c ~fx 'hci I\/IU '}C"',}o 1\t'09 cryc,':,:or9" f"p,l;j: A"!: h"p,t;j: 1\ItP,1(1)','JC fuu'f oo/,f rlj{ 1'9" f:ci 'h'} P,1\co e4>fi\ta: ""cp/''' 11'111 "'''le hcp"f: f,(tm(1)'} '}C"'9" fft'a: "1\1Ad,I\"')'" f6ej>'} '''(1)(1)c f '1elJ}''}oC ntltj:,f f"'1hci(j)'} '1ci:':(1)9","",I1C "(1)'; "1\}C(1')-" '11\,} 6,eJ>'} 1\7i,f6l!' f '1}l11 OJ~'}o' 1\1/;\"'I\"'} fuullm')' "d,lle: "(1): "fij:p h}c(1'}" tulu II;''''}'' I1h'}4'"" ~! f"(tmco, ')'C"'9" eci lcpa; "1\1 Ad' 1\"')' upllm')'" h/lu II;''''}'' 111\'}4", ~ f,(ttnco, ')'C"'9" fti' /cpa:,,;,t,ll" cryl\')' ff'l,l1, '1/' 'h""'} ;Hlll "CD':,,;,tlll ftpjhtaih' f'}d,y" F t 'h'}~'llej>(j," h/lu 11;1':-'" 111\'}",,,,, 'k f,(tmcd' h:',,'}o f~ti' lcpa; ";JtJll f"'1htaih',,,1e,»" h'lu 11;''''Y' (11\'}",,,,, 1 '}o-ll h'}"''''' (j~) f"(ttn(1)' '}C',,9" rti'lcpa: "f;,tjlllli\p'att}'" lpt"'~" cryl\')' J'U'}'} 1\CP:~: f"'1,f llt""9": {i flmp'att}'" cpc,' Ft, 1\llhf"f: (1)f~9 ~ f'li\fa,f,, (J)~9 fh')'f'a',f,'}o;)] 1)l\p' AtT}'} lplr,7f1': enf9" I:' lulu 1\CP"f: UUlPl'} fli\fatt}""} (1uuenhA f"'1lpt cryc,':f(1)'9" f7'i\ll oot'}'} (J)f'}o f7'i\ll :}f~a 1\IIA: (1)f9" ;j IHlU 1\"cp"f:000'/')' fh,)'\"a-f 1'9"';)] fll\fa If'')-'} (1oo(1)hA f"7lpt, cryc,':r:or9" fh:"\"kf 7'll:J 1\1A,I\":" f'c"f::" :"JI\t (1)f9" lplr"'~:1 "or; "f :JtJll rl(t~" tulu (1;1'1' f"(tmor 'rc1'9" fti /lft\:: (11\'},"" r;~ h4-\"1'?!, l\'lu 1\CP"f:1\t'09" f1i1a"'1'1\" f",ool\h1:')' (tsp:y' :,tjll h4-\"1' e;:r:or:: v) f"'oo",,,),,,or (1oofiA f"'lm,ll cryc,'tor9" f",ooii',(1 (J)f9" oooo1f1'(1 fl\ih' (tor: t\) :"hll ftpjjltai1:r:or'} ij:psp1' (1)r h:"\"kf f"'1,(jll11) or 'h'1tlu'} ij:psp"f (1)f1\1C cryll1 fi,)') II-I,ool\h,,': th) (1h')'\"kf "CP/' fa"" 1\'t'aJ"'1/' 'h"":" :1'tJll Iteoo"1"1 f1\1a",,,,,'r oollm:" Ft f"'lfh Cjor ') (11\'}, 00 1\ "" ~f lip lp l :, :1' tj f "'l h"or or: 'h"ttu') 1\1A,,,,,,"f O"'ilIPl\h')': ~ f,"iiph1(1 (tor ~1I1'1or h"'loe;(1:",') :f9"r: ;1tJll h4-f,or:: f' IIPIIP1I1-11fl\O:" "If fa+iip1/10 or 1\~1'1f1 "'1I1PAh~ f,}l-l1,1:1' h"7:f~co:" 4'1'1\" f 1\or f'l Ut11 'Ut h"'l:f 9"C 0:" h '}ll, :1'tJ II h4-,l' "or:: " 14) "relative", in relation to a natural person, means: 1) the spouse of the person; or 2) an ancestor, lineal descendant, brother, sister, uncle, aunt, nephew, niece, stepfather, stepmother, stepchild, or adopted child of that person or her spouse, and in the case of an adopted child her adoptive parent; or 3) the spouse of any person referred to in paragraph (2) and for the purposes of this definition, any adopted child is treated as related to the adoptive parent within the first degree of consanguinity; 15) "Resident person" shall have the meaning given to it under the Income Tax Proclamation; 16) "Services" means work done for others which does not result in the transfer of goods; 17) "Supply" means the sale of goods or the rendition of services, or both; 18) "Supply of Goods" has the meaning assigned to it under Article 4: 19) "Rendition of Services" has the meaning assigned to it under Article 4: 20) "Tax" or "VAT" shall mean Value Added Tax; 21) "Taxable Activity" has the meaning assigned to it under Article 6; 22) 'Taxable Transaction" has the meaning assigned t9 it under Article 7 Sub-Article (3); 23) "Tax officer" means 1) the General Manager of the Authority; or 2) a person in the service of the Authority or the Ethiopian Customs Authority; or 3) a police officer or official of the Ethiopian Police Force, acting on behalf of the Authority 4) under this Proclamation; or an employee or official of the Ethiopian Postal Services, acting on behalf of the Ethiopian Customs Authority who administers this Proclamation; and 24) 'Tax invoice" has the meaning assigned to it under Article 22 3 Taxpayers 1) For the purpose of this Proclamation, the following persons are taxpayers: (a) a person who is registered or is required to be registered, referred to as a registered person; a person carrying out taxable import of goods to Ethiopia, with respect to such import; (c) a non-resident person who performs services without registration for VAT and who is subject to taxation under Article 23, with respect to such services 2) A person who is registered is a taxpayer from the time the registration takes effect 3) A person who is not registered, but who is required to be registered, is a taxpayer from the beginning of the accounting period following the period in which the obligation to apply for registration arose

5 'IX'?ijr~;f!j?; tyu//a '1;1t} ;l/lfti cf:1'c 0r (I); '61 ""} :(~fj~ <}yo, Federal Negarit Gazeta - No July, Page 1836 ~, fij<p h:"cp1- "he; h',a,f\o1- ov{\m')' 4 Supply of Goods and Rendition of Services 1) Subject to this Proclamation:?i' f'lu hcp:~ 1bf\':'Y' Y:'};J'tsP1' "h'h),'hn(1~ tf"(d': U) "fij:j> h:"cp'}" tpjf\')' (a)?i' fij:j> '~Y6 b OJ~9 ~, ml6-~: (1P,f1: (16 1'''), (D'A: (1;J:C"'C {\9 ~"'1- OJ~9 (1tPJe':':(D'~ fm:l> fuum<l>9 OJ~9 foom4>~ oo'fb' (1'''''' mfl1- Ibl\ (D'A ij:t'(d'1 ftovm4>~ htpj,f (\1'A hr'&,c: h:r~ft,: h;j1r lun, LPt,"'7f'1': h14>":j>r'';f','jc f,,'(tm fttf19 f1~tf1~ fm:j> ovm4>~ OJ~~ fovm4>~ OV'fl')' ov~4> f:1 I:' f"h14f\""" OJ~~ fhlbn')'tn :"~A: f,'jl' OJf,~ fld-' h:"cp:": "h'i ft) "h1a,f\":" tpj:"l,(1" tpjft:" fij:j> OJ~~ f'fa,,l YAIf, tpje':':ld-9 h:"cp'1- (t,tf'}:?! "1'i:'~(D'19 oo'fl')' oo{\m:": tpj{\"'i\f\~: tpjtj: l1' OJ~9 00 A 4>:"; ~ h'}j','1 -f,f1c ftovt09 ftpjj'{\':f"f\' "1~';f'1 tpjov;'j~:f"":: ~ f,lj1tpjt "h(l"" ;J'n{\ fdthta{fi~ld-1 ij<psp1' (D~9 h1a,f\"y';f, f"t'"h'i 'f'1ft(d'1 f;j'n{\ "'4>e"~ f11 OJ~~ ftpj,''j:'' ov'fl'''' fft(d' f",ovu1fl (t(d f1wf~ld- ij:j>?j';f' (D~~ h1a,f\o,f';f' ;J'n{\ f\tpj,h~, Afl')' f1, Y: P t, "h'}:"{\<p(l fa cpft fltf'}9 :J't1 {\ fo'/,htafh'1 f1,r' Pt "h1:"{\:j>(l f\tpjhe'oj'} f"'f\' "h'}("tf, 'f'f,c1ld- ~cfmtft:: t ho't(d' f\lp6-"'7f':'; (1{\(I1;J' (D~9 (1lbl\ "1e";'~OJ'9 h';1,:\'} fo'/f4>cf1~~ld- ij:j>?j';f' OJ~~r h1a",f\"'y'1' :J'n{\ fo'/htafh'1 f'}"'y' Pt, "h'}:"{\:j>(l f\tpjh e'(d'} fcp'" "h1ftf, "'f,c1ld- ~cfmt,":: ~, f'f"r1tpjt "h(l:" ;J'n{\ ~l'1f1 QLPll': fl10'{\ h 14>"" :?; "h1 f,'f'y, "11lD- f'l'i::j'a ij:j>?j':f',,} 'L19 ~ P It'(D' fh'h'i(d'1 fl"" 111 flf'ovu1 fl(d' (toj' "h,: fd71'f ij:j>?j';f' : f'f,oou1(1oj' (t(d flh14>"" ~b,, oolp/:" f ;J'n{\ tpj4>e',,i"h1 Jtf/,ft :" f mf4> OJ~~ foomf:" ov11"" fftld- "h1f,tf,: flltf'} 'UL f1-l'h eoj'" :J'n{\ ftpj,h~ai1t(l}' "H1~r,':f', flojblt CP;J f''';'im "'f,c1ld- ~cfm6-"'::?; f,tu h14>"" Y'1;J't?J1' fttj~~: f"'lj}tpjt "h(t,) ;J'n{\ flo'/htafh' """1~'1- f"'1)"} h:j>'} fo'/f 'k 4>C11 tpje':fld-~ (tld- flh'}4>""?;?i OVLP/')' fth4> lflld- ij:j>fhtftld- fi'bi1tpjt h(l')' ;J'n{\ "'4>ei7i h1jtfl, fa"'t4>f flo'/tf1fl')'1ll """1~": ;J'n{\ fdthtafh' ""11~:",,'fC"I h~cfmc~:: ij:j>?j~1 fttpj,'f,), fi'htftld- ;J'n {\ 'f'4>e'7j "h1 Jtfl"" f"'~ 4>f,lD- flht,a flo'/tf1 (1'''' lll f,""ifp ;J'h (\ ftpjh~ A fl') ",,(1~) CP;J ','4>e'7i h'}jttf} f1a"'~4>f(d' ovm1 f,(t h 1Jttf1 ~f,l;ja:: fl':f'c;'j:~ fl:4' ho'/'l~fld- '~f6 b fl{\,"4>c fo'/ovf\{\ fij:j> ovm:"ftf CP;J: ;J-n{\ hdtlflafl')' '/"'"1 ld-{\1' h~l'}i")'~:: {\"tf,~ fl';f'c~~ 1,Y' Pt f"'lptpj-r ftdtovft{\ ovm:"ftf '''h~!la 'f'l1f\" fl'f'flfld-'i "h1f0'/ouft{\ fldtmfl4>ld- '/,,11 oum1 ;J'h{\ fdth tafl:"1 ""11~"" oum11':" ftff,c1- ~'fl\"':: 1:' fl1\:"f-kf "CPt llatf, (tld- fdth'i(d'" fij:j> h:"cp:" h'i h1a,f\":" fou{\m:" P6-sP';f' ~U hcp~ ",t~dt fdtf,l,11tld- fl1\:"f-a'f ld-{\'r tj:dt (1tf, y"c~'''' OJ~~ fl1\1i'c),:" f,h'ioj'" Qlf1 'fl:7: "ld-:: a supply of goods means: 1) a sale of goods; or 2) a grant of the use or right to use goods, whether with or without a driver, pilot, crew, or operator, under a rental agreement, credit agreement, freight contract, agreement for charter, or any other agreement under which such use or right to use is granted; or 3) a transfer or provision of thermal or electrical energy, gas, or water; and a rendition of services means anything done which is not a supply of goods or money, including: 1) the granting, assignment, cessation, or surrender of any right: or 2) making available a facility or advantage 2) If a registered person purchased goods or services accompanied by a VAT payment and received (or has the right to receive) appropriate credit, the application of those goods or services to a use other than a use in the course or furtherance of a taxable activity is considered to be a supply of goods or services by that person in the C0urseof furtherance of a taxable activity 3) The supply of goods or rendering of services by an employer to his employees, including gratuitously, is a supply of goods or services in the course or furtherance of a taxable activity 4) If a registered person's VAT registration is canceled, his goods (including capital goods as provided under Sub-Article (8) on hand at the time the cancellation takes effect are considered to be supplied at cost in a taxable transaction taking place at that time if the registered person claimed or had a right to claim a tax credit with respect to the acquisition of the goods under Article 21 5) Notwitnstanding the other provisions of this Article, the supply of a good by a person who acquired such good in a transaction subject to VAT, but who was not entitled to a credit for the VAT on the acquisition of the good by reason of the operation of Article 21, is not considered a taxable transaction If a credit was partially allowed on the acquisition of the good, then, the amount of the taxable transaction is reduced proportionally according to the portion of the credit that was disallowed 6) The value of returnable packaging is not included in the taxable amount, except in the case of sales at retail Retailers may reduce their taxable transactions by amounts shown to have been paid by them as refunds for returned containers 7) This Proclamation applies to the supply of goods and rendering of services carried out by a nonresident in Ethiopia through a permanent establishment in Ethiopia or through the internet

6 1X' (ii[~~fo!i:~~yut'a ~;Jt,)- ;Jti1fJ-liTe o!jr t'\) ~ "") Hir1!i 'H" Federal Negarit Gazeta - No July, Page 1837 ~i; u' :':- Ui' :(f{ n~' ft'} oft >t'),", ( ) >ttlflo9" 9"1'1'1lD- n"'lplihh' "11 ~'H','HYm '"YC''' fd7m(a1' fl1'c;j'a ij:l>tp;j ftpjylftrh' f~'},l'hu!/tld-'} ')'Ul:" tp;j ~!'),c; '}J;'} Uil'} rh,cima U"7ftlt'} "-If'}: f'hll'#;'},~ fka,/t,} HuP'} flt,er,:ld- "tl4,e <h'rcl f'hi I":'} m""itit f>t',a"it\,} IIuP') f:j':-"r,:m >tti4,e U"'If:l'" fij:l>m'} m{; flllu tjc,:a4e /l"7'lt,,} h 'l:,)'m ~"'HI ;JC ijh'a!!lfcia :: /t1lu ')oft h'}<i'?" htl'o?" f'hll'}' fka"it\",) /IuP'} n'lu?):}"' "7~fI'}'C n"tmlfj upup~,f!!m(acia :: :Jtft ftlljhtlafh' f'),1' P't ~'}""ft:1'1\, nup'}'" ",ft It!! ~'},c;/t 1'C~:" m,e9" ;JtJft fd7htlafh' f'),1' P'to ~'}""ft:l>1\, >t'}1' tj~a Iffj "/t,e,y n(~, f"7'),",ft h~a f,h'im ~,)YIf~ :J'hft f"7htlarh"} f'},1' P' to ~'}:"ft,4>1\, ntlljtlcim'} 'ly,) ~'} Y",';Ym ij:l> e"'m ta :: f"ltt\tl(d') 'HII:" ncryupt\th' 'Hll": f"it/ttlt\,) (acd'fh{hit Ittlm' up'fh,ci "'Yo;J' e'j ltpa :: /t'}oft h'}<i''', (ii) htl'o'/u :J-t,fI ftlljhtlau') f')""r' P't ~'):"ft:1'1\, tv!!?" :J'hft f"7htlau')' f'},1' P' t ~ '},ft,4>i\, tj~a Iffj "/t!!""y' nt(\- fd7'),",ft tj~a UOD'},",ft It!! ~ '),c;/t 1'C~:'}' ~'}Y,"';Ym fd7"'mlld- : U) :J'hft f"7htlarh' f'),1' P' t ~ '):"ft,pl\, m!!9" f'lljo tj~a n"'ifj,e~'} ~'}"llp(, /t"71'l'" ftllj! fttla1ld- "7c:t:lD-?" ij:l>~ci >t,a,/t",} /t"it/t tl/t,} (ald- f"'(am hlf~ : It) ;J'hft fd7htlarh' f'}",1' P't ~')""ft,4>1\, me?" f'lljo tj~a >tft"ltlttlld- /t"it/ttl/t,} (Jt& ~fttlft l h fhh "") 1'1ft f'),1' P' t ~ '}""ft:l>i\,td') "7tl~1' f"'m/t me?" U"7I1~1' It,e f~ul tun ~ld- i rnoft h'}"'",' ClJl) f"'y~1"ld- ~')y,'hnn, If'j: u) f"'od"10 (JlD- f"7!ft','i\atlld- ;ttlft fd7htl AO') f,},1' P' to ~ '}:"ft:l>!\tj~a Iffj "/t,ey nto"" fd7'),",ft'} tj~a '-U9"e' "7"'TlD-9" :J-tJft fd7htlan:, f'},1' P' to ~ '):"ft:l>1\, rno-ft h'}"'"" (u) ODlPl:" fij:l> >t""cfl,} (ffj em(j,c;a :: It) hpcfl,,: Uh'}<I'"" 't '}oft h'}"'",' (!{)(tjii) bplpl'} n'le' f"7fthtl! AtJ :JtJft ftlljhtlall:",e1f"'a:: en) :J'hft /ttlljhtlafh' f')",1' P't ~'}""ftj>i\, fd7ld-/tu} ij:l>~-:;''''>t,a,/t,y-:;'fri'11-'}' oo-/t noo-/t m,e9" UhtlA :J'hft OD7htlAO'}',il,e:, 'l1'}' /t~~:j- : /t:"9" m,e9" /t>t""c(1:" ~ ')"lld-/t /td71:i, tlaif~ : n~ ')"lu ~,e~:, ljo~:jofd711ld- ;JtJft fll'/htl An:, f'},1: P' t ~ '):"ft:l>1l 11'),1' P' to ~ '):, 1,-4> IL 'I,l' :,,, 'I f!h C;OJ~lD- f>t :, C (1:" P'to ~ld- fd7tl/tld- /t'},1' P' told- ~ ')""ft:l>1l fd7ld-ltu) ij:l>?'"f,,' >t1a"it\",y-:;' :J'hft fll'/htl AIFJ:lD-'} >t""c(1,y-:; lpc,y n"7ld-ifj'} '11:" "~~:h /t""9": me9" /t>t""c(1'}' f"7eld-lthlf~ 11:F ~ld-:: n ') 0-'" >t '}, "" (Hi)( "') f " (JlD- :JtJ f II'/h tl m'" AO'}' f'},1' P' to ~ '}:":l>i\, tj~a h'},1' P'tolDh ')"":J>IL I TC(J'}:" (hp'c flod"') n;j"f tur~ f'} 0-'" h '}+"" (Hi) 1:'};J1 Ttl'D7 h,elf')?" :: At\"f h,}l ij:l>c;h1a,/t:" h:"c(1:" fd7;j'f h'}"""',4>il?'-:;' m,e?" fij:j>c' fh1a,/t,} h:"c(1:" "'IC1lD- f"7,e"'m~ fd7od~n:" ljo~;j' 1111'/~'" 'h~':-"?"tjc n'}' nd7tdlfj 1')11,etD(J''A :: 8) For purposes of Sub-Article (4), the cost of capital goods (determined asset-by-asset) treated as supplied at the time of de-registration is equal to the cost of such goods, multiplied by the fraction, the numerator of which is the number of years of useful life remaining and the denominator is the total useful life of the goods For this purpose, the useful lives shall be determined under directives issued by the Minister of Revenue 9) The disposal of a taxable activity as a going concern, or a part of a taxable activity that is capable of separate operation, is a supply of goods made in the course or furtherance of such taxable activity, and the transferee succeeds to the rights and obligations of the supplier'with respect to the assets transferred 10) For the purposes of Sub-Article (9), a taxable activity or a part of a taxable activity capable of separate operation is disposed of as a going concern where: (a) all the goods and services necessary for the continued operation of that taxable activity or that part of the taxable, activity are supplied to the transferee; and the transferor carries on, or is carrying on, that taxable activity or that part of the taxable activity up to the time of its transfer to the transferee 11) Subject to Sub-Article (12), where- (a) the disposal of a taxable activity, including a (c) disposition of a part of a taxable activity capable of separate operation by a registered person is a supply of goods under Sub-Article (9); and the supply was charged with tax at the rate of zero percent in terms of Sub-Article (2)(d) of Article 7 ; and the goods and services comprising the taxable activity were acquired by the recipient wholly or partly for a purpose other than for consumption, use, or supply in the course of making taxable transactions; the acquisition of the taxable activity is a supply by the recipient in the course or furtherance of a taxable activity carried on by the recipient to the extent that the goods and services comprising the taxable activity were acquired for a purpose other than consumption, use, or supply in the course of making taxable supplies, 12) Sub-Article (11) does not apply where that part of the taxable activity referred to in Sub-Article (1l)(c) is less than 10% of the taxable activity 13) The Council of Ministers may provide in regulations for the treatment of other transactions as supplies of goods or rendition of services, or neither supplies of goods or rendition of services

7 '/X' {!j):;';r'!)~'; A'u/A, ;",}, ;m1i)41'1'(:f!)'~"); ~+"";lln~ "t,, Federal Negari( Gaze(a -- No 33-4"'-July 2002,- Page 1838 (; ~~ :",f,'r~ ""ql'r~"1' ;i' f'p'i lj,'" h~{;p'}' (l)f,'p' h1a"l/\~'}' ft/plttn'} '}"',\': r /, ",:V~:~ flf) f6,"''''''' f h',a"'/\"'}-h:"cll,r:,1, fjf''m ij,+he}>ci1-}"i h1a"'/\"'}' "t/plrin'}' ~/, h 'H'' h4:a 'rr~(i)- "~10/'/\' ::, ~{, ij,""} my h"c ho'fi"i),}' ~/, ;JC ":\~:~ 1f~(D' "-fo(il11'h1a"l/\"":'}" my h'lc ""7'l0' ij+sp',1':'h',a,f,lr'j " :: i~' h'},\': ""ne,} h'b': (l)f,~1'h11'"0/\1i''' h:"hfl ~, flhn''',ff ij,+~':i''1f'' h1a"lh-,":f,) h""cll,}' f"7t,lm'uc n"71y'hh' "_IL ""''',ff ",,U',":'}', "',VC'UD' l',4'>tn/''''' :i 'h:'-l1f1'~" rlr~ h'b'" ""nf,'}' :,tlfi f"7h~a'f':m- f"'/\,('f ij,"'~';)" mf,'}" h',a'" it,,:,}" f"7:"in p' /'~":f''),('"",, (tlr') ""'I\,('f "Nlf",:,1,"YC'ItD',l',4'>m/''" :: :ltlfi ""7h~_An'}' f'}"'1' r/' ""}""fi+ H:,t'fl '''''7h~AIH' "'}"IJ~ r/,,~'}e}>fi,+"'," "7/\'}',}, /\ :"C4: "'H,"'(I)~ no"}s/" I),err'}?" 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Ih) nh'}"''''' f)t ootpl'}' my h"c n"7:,n, h',a'" /\,:1 'P,? 1\" n):?; Tc(}'H' f07f1ht,t' Ah ""'''-1, 71, ~{),} ;I'hfl ntjulla f07:hd"" :"t'fi l',h~_i\a :: ~, flllu n:"1- "'''''lu';'}' :"hfl r07h~aifi:(d "N)"'Y';)" 'LC~ ntju', ""'flh~,(' Ah :N,fI f,h~a'1 :':'PA: II) my (1)0"" ""71\h ij+sp1- m,,9" h',a"'/\""'':j : n"7~fi""r:'-}' '}"hc fl} Y:H) (lo'm(}~(d' ooipi'}' : it) ~/\S/" h,et: rij+'p';)" OJ"'}" f(}sp';)" "7:\:\1',,',I){: (D,e'}" hlli-?c n,'i':" """",")' h1aci'/\"",':j: ""M'I-S/" n~/\s/" h"'4: nlt m""'}' /\4:~:" f"7,cd'''' f:"/i'} IIf,":'}', "",' /\it':j hl\(~ "":h~h ij,sp':j : ",) /\h:"\"a'j',n,h/,'pwa, ""7"'c,n (DCe}> tju)nhfl"'1\/\~-(1)0 "'" IH'I\/\~/\'}' (}(I)o n"",h4: "ti:j~'" ""'~_loo "7f1:"m'tf h:"c(1": n"'~ooo noli ",} 'LiL (D-fl'I' /\1)/\~AlI)~ rfl(}(i)' ""i f,u,},,"7f1:"m'tj' fi/\h:"cll'l: l'c'iic ool~'p'1"} (}(I) "fll hlf~ h 11' ","tjutl1n /\/\I\ ""'0011'111 (}m n~ml\ "l,n,,}, rh11'') :Jot,fI ""7h~AIH' "')"l1' rt ",'):"fi,+{) OJf,'}" t,(}'1 ';)'/\""7p,t :"hl\ ""7h~AIH' "'''l1' rt, ""}""fi+{) htj:a 'h'(lt,r,:(1)0 INH' I\A,'-(I)(}~ 1IL f,1"''''''''a ""n/\ r,,'**tju l'c~,} I'li (}"'I\/\et: i 5 Mixed Supplies 1) A supply of goods or rendering of services, which is incidental to a (main) supply of goods or rendering of services, is treated as part of the latter 2) The rendering of services incidental to an import of goods is part of the import of goods 3) A taxable transaction involving independent elements, one or more of which involves the separate s4pply of goods or rendering of services, which would be exempt from tax, is treated as separate transactions An exempt transaction, which involves independent elements which involve the separate supply of taxable goods or rendering of taxable services, is treated as separate transactions 6 Tuable Activity "Taxable activity" means an activity which is carried on continuously or regularly by any person: (I) in Ethiopia, or (2) partly in Ethiopia, whether or not for a pecuniary profit, that involves or is intended t? involve, in whole or in part, the supply of goods or services to another person for consideration SECTION TWO Imposition of Tax and Transactions Exempted tivm the Tax 7 Imposition of Tax 1) Subject to the provisions of this proclamation and subject to Sub-Article (2), there shall be levied and paid a tax, to be known as value added tax, at the rate of 15 pen:ent of the value of- (a) every taxable transaction by a registered person; and every import of goods, other than an exempt import; and (c) an import of services as provided in Article 23 2) The following taxable transactions shall be charged with tax at a rate of zero percent: (1) the export of goods or services to the extent provided in regulations; the rendering of transportation or other services directly connected with international transport of goods or passengers, as well as the supply of lubricants and other consumable technical supplies taken on board for consumption during international tlights; (c) the supply of gold to the National Bank 01 Ethiopia; and (d) ; supply by a registered person to another regi ;red person in a si1"}gletransaction of substantially all of the assets of a taxable activity or an independent functioning part of a taxable activity as a going concern, provided a notice in writing signed by the transferor and transferee is furnished to the Authority within 21 days after the supply takes place and such notice includes the details of the supply

8 1~' (ii[~~y'c!jvj1"tfa ~:Jt) ;1U,I11~1'C c!jr f\~ "") Bin!! 'i, Federal Negarit Gazeta - No 33 4th July Page 1839 t n"1+~ ~ ~, 'h,-y-l"t-t"~cf1f:f<nl'1-"'c';;hll f""l_h~_an}-1f1"'~ ",Ir ",:"ll4>i\' n""lhlim1 'ly-}-nh-rf-kf m:'h'l'f""l_+c116~ m~'r "1A "If\"')- :J-tt~ f~h~a:n~-,,1ie)- ~m- :: l'!~ - 'ULU"cp~ nfb/t~:r-"1+''f n"-"f \ u-i;j- f"-y-~11 tlaif~ nll17+cno-a "1,6 (l!) ft(1p"h,-m- :J-hll f"7hl"m- i I II) 1 o-ll ", ~ (l!)(o), "'~'''7 f""l_if1f'1t'''''''cf1')- n "7 00" h J "lfoc f1i: 1 n "7 (a(f\ m- f,'-oowi'(1 (am-;,,) 10-ll "'''''''(l!(t\) f-j'''7 f""l_tf'l1:fm-, mykic fot1n' 64>~~-1n"7Ou"h}-n"llOu""1m-i th) '}O-ll "'+~ (ii)(th)'ht'l""l f""l"1"1tm" my- " 1 C f""l1 n ", A, "f -;Y-'} nil"/00" h }- f" 1 A "''''''f: 'hn4>""1- nlf~ (am- : ')m- :: ~ h:j-hll ~, flf) "'-f1ey:t- (i "'LU "'+~- "~'O'r : u) "n1,1- (ldah """Il~f~)- f"thlrf h~""1-" tiij" }-! l!- nlff;a i nlfd'f;a : n1mc tryl~f : n""ly-tf n}-: nlfllf;a m~'r n"-oo"''''~,-*9" ""'rllt "lih"'rllt nl\~"if)' (asp1- nf+) : nfur'r"h: : Ofm~ : m~'r nfbl\ f"-m(a~ 'UL h~f noljmf"" f"7(a'l' ftlljl~f ""A"''''''}- : I' W}o-ll "'+~ (l!) "c- (r) n,,-oo"h,-m- }-C,, f""l~1il' ""f1~1~ '''ht-~ ')-f-h :1':1'~ h~+lit I\An"m 11J f"thlr~ ""I1i:fm-r n}- j nc::" m-h'l' f" ootj tf : ";rc}-001tf m~'" htt:a ftlf1 i,00:1'ce fhlr~ 1n~ h11c t)~n: f"7na'i" m~9" ~nati)a 111\- """1001 fdtfll'fa net 9 h'} f'} t]" : e- f',1-",1r 1-C~T f,hlrfm-, '11l}- m~9",-,,~y'f""l:j-m""f"'}1- f1,1- ",Ir ~C:E-T '11l'}- Q1~C' j "ootj tf f""lf1""'a ""I1i:fm-1J' nt j nc::" m-h'l' f" ootj tf i,,;rc}-001}- j htt:a j "'14""4>11 tlt i f~ai) ot i ~1t) 1 i foohh ",tt:1r f"7fll"'~~c (am-j Ii' f1,~",1r ",:"h4>i\m-1 n""lhlim1 'l~t ",h)- "Ii h""'ht nl\~ flf) o,'f1 i nc::" m-ll1' f'" h~i\-'f1 i,,;rc}-001,'f1 i h~i\-'f'i,', 4>11o,'f1 i f~ai) 0"'1-' i m~,,, +"'4>11 "001l1i~ f"'";j:(,,,if1r sp'f1 f"7fhlr~ m~'" "hir~ f f" i I- hllu nl\~ f"'"l"~t1 "001l1i~ n""lhlrft f"7f1~m- 'OO:1'ce fhlr~ 1n h11c t)~n: nl\~ htf~ m~'r ~tj 'OO:1'ce 1n h'''m+(am- 11"11 oom1 ~nati)a 111\- """1001 net,h1 f}- t]" i f- noo~n~ u-~:1' hllu nl\1- f+"l"~t1 f"7f hlr~ m~'r """IhlrfT fflf htf~i m~'r '3)'" A t~xable transaction is a sup'ply'of'goods" or a rendition of services in Ethiopia in the course or furtherance of Ataxable acti vity other than an exempt, supply underarticle8 4) Bxceptasotherwise provided in this'proclamation, the tax payable under Sub-Artiale (1) shall- (aj in the case of a<supply «> which Sub-Article (I )(a) applies, beaccountecj for by the registered person making the supply; or :, dn the c~s((;()fan import of gqods'towhich Sub- ' Article(I) \3pplies,bepaidby the importer; or ',' '(c) in the case of ~n importdf serv;ces to which Sub~Article (1) (c) applies, be; paid by the ~~ipient of the services 8 Exempt Transactions 1) For purposes of this Article: (a) "commercial rental establishment" means-- I) accommodation in any hote'!, motel, inn, boarding house, hostel, or similar establishment in, which lodging is regularly or normalty provided to five or more per,sons at a daily, weekly, monthly, o~ other periodic charge; 2) accommodation in any house,'flat, apartment, or T00m,'Otherthan accommodation in respect of which the provisions of sub-article (l) or (3) of this definition apply, which is regularly or systematically leased or held for lease as residential accommodation for continuous periods not exceeding 45 days in the case of each occupant of such house, flat, apartment, or room, if the total annual receipts and accruals from the lease thereof exceeded 24,000 Birr; or there are reasonable grounds for believing that such total annual receipts and accruals will exceed that amount;,3) accommodation in any house, flat, apart- ment, room, caravan, houseboat, tent, or caravan or camping site which constitutes an asset, including a leased asset of a business undertaking or a separately identifiable part of a business undertaking carried on by any person who: 1) leases or holds for leasing as residential accommodation five or more houses, flats, apartments, rooms, caravans, houseboats, or caravan or camping sites in the course of such business undertaking; 2) derives total annual receipts and accruals from th~ leasing of the above listed facilities which exceed 24,000 Birr orthere are reasonable grounds for believing that such total annual receipts and accruals will exceed that amount; and 3) regularly or normally leases or holds for lease as residential accommodation such houses, flats, apartments, rooms, caravans, houseboats, or caravan or camping sites for continuous periods not exceeding 45 days in the case of each occupant; or

9 1X'?ijr~~ ~ tufu/'&\ '1:J/'''' :l/lfj) ~1'C if)!: /'I); r11 ""} nwi!! ~9" Federal Negarit Gazeta - No July Page 1840 ~?; ~ % l\) ~ t\,i\ O1e;:t:a>-9" l\uplj t' fota>-a "he; (I'ftSV'r O1'i{}')'C U'}"lr' uuah l\01tj,~:" f"'**uu ~m' /101,A fotuur'/1a>-r'c~')- ~m' :: tf'fl} /1A'}4'~' (~) f"'1l\~m' htlu /1:J"'}"'(no{) (?;):(~) "hcj tt) f''''faf~')';} A'}"'~' A,flL1I} CI} :: l\"'tt}tm, me'j h"'tt}ta>- ;JC "n]~')- ",,,,:':m' ~SV~ T~9" l\o1{)1~~ ~e~1 ~C~~ m,f9" ~(H;f\' 1\4'tT}ta>- mecr h4'tt}tm' ;JC "l1}~')' ",,,,:r:m'~sv:y '1'1''1''fOt'a>-l\m' O1C,':':a>-9" f01f,tr "'*1} me9" ~{}'f;a : /1fAtJnn, 'll\p'att}'f:y' fd'j"'';f,~ l\')'c4: ra'" **00' f01t~' "'*'fp"f mecr~{h;"":y' : U01c,':fm'9" ff'up"1t1 ~()'I::J'A: f014fl\)f r'c~')- me'j hl\'ih fo'ul'l' A"A"ll\"')' :: "uu'f tr n)'" 0'11\ ) O1e;:,:m'l} f1'p'g:~ ) l\uu'f tr f01,y"""la m,fcr l\uu'ttr~)' "h'}';,m'a f:j'<#'f, (h'}'l : mecr /\,1\ O1e;:':a>-cr p:j' "hc,' f"h~'lu- "",)",SV:)"' fl~'} f11"lr' upah l\01t~r~)- f01h~f, h~"":-"'1 Ae'QcrCcr :: my, 0>-6I1,h"'ll\ h")- 1l:J>SV:Y' f1{)"''''c qe~:j':r:a>- 4''1''''' f"'upl\h";')' fll:j>sv:y'me9" fa1a"l""'y':y' A ~, C p} "h1 Jt u'j 1 n, 1l:J>SV:-", h 'NL101 t "h(i,)- ;J'h 11h'fr ~'l e;tm': u) r,,,,,l\ uu'f tr n:" 'li'liv' "hcj fuu'f ty (l,)- h,te :,,) f4,ec,"}11 A-'A"l""'":-''' : (h) l\vj'h:'fp:-'" "hc,' o'!';l\,p:y' 'I'c,'~ A1A"l""')- 1t01,m'l\")' f1l1"''''c fa1c a>-l1tc,' fm,iiv' ~,C 'nffp:r,'} "hc,' f'pl1')'c,' 1P~J',:Y'1 B?~t,((1')- my~i} mf, A1C O1l1"'l')- : UIJ) 1\A,)r'A'r 'f1(ht~ n'}t} fot"'cn mc:r mf, A1C 'l{}1'1')- : lj» 1l'l,e01'f')- Y:C"f:,:-,' f01~m- f"hcr~')' m,e9" ha9 At1'} ;JC f 'l;1c,'] A1A"ll\"'Y':-'" : I) f (hh'j C,' A1A"lI\"')' "he; f1m'i' 'I'f1:J> O1,'i{}";C f101,mci} UUuut, uplpt:" f1d1h9 fot:j'''if' up r'~'i'y''1' : M,H,'J uc')' f'*01'} f"'l~m- f01l1"'d1ca1a"l "y:y,: "h1 f'lu-9" l\:h'le;) 'I'n:J> f1up'plll\ :h~e;) f"'l~m- A1A"l""y'1' : 1i) n ~ -n q~ IIC';:J' ODA h f 'l 4'c 0-1l:J>SV:-","he; fotom- A1A"lf\oy"f : "h1ftlu-cr nf'ltc' Af;J : fa1'&;'{)~t Af;JSV'"4- "he; nr'11:" l\f,t(),';y"f upa(\ 01**01,' "'''l'lc "h1-'t a>-f\- l\ up1"l P' ~ AtJ'" ~ "hc,' up1"lp':j' ~ "'Alf~ r'c"f:y'1'fot~m- ha>-6i1,a1c fot10- II :J> Y' ':f : 4') fhf\,h'rth: fhc'fl1 "he; fa>-' A1A"ll\":" : (1) O:h"l mecr f1l1cr9"~~ h,cr~ti 4't'I' "he; hf\,l\:f :1'h(\'1' ~, f"'~t, f-:c"f:y'1' : "'*'fp:f'i TC'~hy:f m~ A1C fot,111!l Ta>- 1l:J>Y':f : f') ha~ A~ fa1a"lf\o~ me9" fi'ot'li1 h~'y':y' (ll1,4'c ftl1:1' A1A"l""~ ~C~~ n01**ot! A'P~ n"'~ma>- P'AfI11 ODIPt~ fot''''c IlTa>- lj:j>y':fe;a1a"l,,:-y:f : T) f~to111tc~ A1A"lf\o~ : ~) "'ie;tm-cr fp' to "h1:p 11:J>IL l\o1he;m1 l\ Ot~ 'I' L:J>~ l\od1"lp'~ fotl~cr h~' : 4) any other accommodation designated by the Minister ofrevenue by directive to be a commercial rental establishment, but does not include those listed under sub-articles (5) (6) and (7) unless within 4 above: 5) accommodation in any boarding establishment or hostel operated by any employer solely or mainly for the benefit of the employees of such employer or of a related person of such employer or their dependents, provided such establishment or hostel is not operated for the purpose of making profits from such establishment of hostel for the employer or such related person; 6) accommodation in any boarding establishment or hostel operated by any local authority otherwise than for the purpose of makingprofits from such establishment or hostel;or 7) accommodation in any registered hospital, maternity home, or clinic; "dwelling" means any building premises, structure, or any other place, or any part thereof, used predominantly as a place of residence or abode of any natural person or which is intended for use as a place of residence or abode of any natural person, together with any appurtenal1ces belonging thereto and enjoyed therewith, but does not include a commercial rental establishment; 2) The following types of supplies of goods (other than by way of export) or rendering of services, as well as the followirig types of imports of goods, are exempt from payment of VAT to the extent provided by regulation: (a) the sale or transfer of a used dwelling, or the lease of a dwelling; (c) (d) the rendering of financial services; the supply or import of national or foreign currency (except for that used for numismatic purposes), and of securities; the import of gold to be transferred to the National Bank of Ethiopia; (e) the rendering by religious organizations of religious or church related services; (f) the import or supply of prescription drugs specified in directives issued by the Minister of Health, and the rendering of medical services; (g) (h) the rendering of educational services provided by educational institutions, as well as child care services for children at pre-school institutions; the supply of goods and rendering of services in the form of humanitarian aid, as well as import of goods transferred to state ag'encies of Ethiopia and public organizations for the purpose of rehabilitation after natural disasters, industrial accidents, and catastrophies; (i) the supply of electricity, kerosene, and water; (j) goods imported by the government, organizations, institutions or projects exempted from duties and other import taxes to the extent provided bylaw or by agreement' (k) supplies by the post office authorized under the Ethiopian Postal Services Proclamation, other than services rendered for a feeor commission; (1) the provision of transport; (m) permits and license fees;

10 'IK' P"'[~I;Y'jp' ~YP"'&\ '1'1/,)- '1lLfll <I!'I'C c!)to); '61, "") :Wf:i~ ~9'" Federal Negarit Gazeta ---, No 33 41hJuly, Page 1841 j!' " ' I:- jj 'f) n19",tj ;1'~4: Y:H1 ~;;: upyn f',,'lu, ij:j>~if'1 OJY ~1C cry{}1fl')' : ~) h{}f'" nupy (TC/'I'}-)') n/tf, IPt,7f:': ~t1a 1'-'H7fif ftfhl-)' ~I1A 1-JH7f":;'} <l'1'(~ f"7flpt f'c~')' f"7f<l'cfff:oj- ijcj>~:1',ci~1aa, f\",y,'{ : en) eny ~'C f"71(1'''' n~'l(: en{}1' fcryiim Up 1c'h«t:) 'h'" f :),,"(/D' ~ h(;~:1": n"7~{}'h:':f 9 tjc n'} 1l"7mlT} Y:HI 1l"'1m/'l'ten' up(jli:" :,n (}{} ~ 'H'~' (~) UPIP I'} h:)tj (I 't, fl,fjy1al lj'l:',no{} ~,}<I'~ %(~) oolpl')' nu~ fol/{}htf AtJ :)tj(i f,/'iil/'lofhl-) f'tlll ij,cj>enfjcr h",aal/\"'} 'lilt) ~,'H'X' UPlPl'} h:)tjo- 't' UPtf't- en:,y llul:' fllll{}h&f Atl :)tj{},fjhtan:)'a :: f'(}lnl ci hj1lj'''7 A OI/} "7t {} 'h: n 1I1J' mfflm UPUP/f 1\f\:,1- ijcj>y''{,ci ~'A"'f\"'Y:'}" h:jtj/) " 'h'}jur't- f\&:"f',fj':j""a :: tllt:a'f' {}} :)tl{} f"7htafff:oj' ~:"C(1,y:1" f"'1hcien'tn'} ij:j>~ ',}' f "'1 Iito-n,} (1:)' (1:)' : 'IIL 'hli cr:j?i' ~:"C(1": ijcj>~"1"'}li'l:~:hn f"7ll19 C /'Ilf'} "iit'tj,l; HWOJ't f"7flt\en' ij,cj>en"}oi/~~'li f"7:~)'ocn')' (1;)',flrciA ;: fll\f\":}' 0,):)'91'1" f'h'imoj' ij,cj>ctjthl fll'l&xcrn'" (1:)' ~tflia:: ~ f,l\h)~tj: f'h'}~f\"'} ;'JfJA : f:n, OJ,f9u fen'! ~:"C(1} n"7tf'},l-)' "IL : h",aal/\"',: "'/'1m fulf,fif\oj' ~"A"1f\""':': "'<I'flf Iny: nyi/'i 'IIL ',m:: 'h'tllu ~:"C(1,'{ hh,"'r-a',f eny OJ6Lhf"'1-"h'\H'" "n ~:"C(1'1: nh}r-a'f OJ-{}'1' 'h'}y,'h1cim't,fj"'mt~a :: h",aalf\"'} f"7/'i1',l-)' fl:)'?i' 'lilu ~1"'~ f'1;j1y''{' nl\/t ~t),:\1 f"'oj/'i't t1alf't II{}"''''C ~'A"'f\"')' f"7/'i1',1-) (1:)' "'YC1 f"'1en /'IYOJ- ~1A"'f\"'" f"7/'imoj- /'IOJ' f'}a,f' P't ""'/fl,'} f"7fh"'oj-'hl'''' (1;1' 'toj- :: ~ lluplr't-9" ~1A"'f\":" f"7/'i'1',1-)' (1;1' :- u) f"7/'imoj' ~1A"'f\"')' hol/f,'}"''''''{} 'HIl')' :JC n,'1' :) f""''i)'htf't 1of1l'f; f"7',~n'} (1:)' : f\)f"7/'ilocd- ~'A"'f\""f' h"7,}"''''''{} 'HIl'''' ;JC 11<1''1';1'f,,""f lltf,} ~1A"'f\"')' up{}lo": f'h1'" m'tn:" (1:)' : ch) f'''''looj- ~'A"'f\":" ntlua : np>'t1"hl : n,cr uc:, : f/'lld-'t:" OI/',Aoo"lj OJ~9" n{}7'c"" m~cr nf\f\"f oo/'la "Ct::"f lltf1 ~, A,f\"',: f"'/'i (0) lon:" (1;1' : ~'A"'f\-:" oo{}loj: h"7~~1f,,flc ;JC f"'1"'1 lltf1 fol/~~f" "''''flc f,h'ien't,l-)' {1;1' 'toj' :: f\~1"'~ %(1)(1\) ~~'O9" f"'ofl~":,,flc :)tj{} h~~ hh"fr-a'f OJ-~ h/'llooj- ~"A"'f\"'" ;JC, f""'i7' lltf1 nh:"r-a'f OJ-{}'1' 'h1y"'hc,'oj't e4'>lota :: IP) '~'A-,t\"oJ:1 f1tfoj- /'IOJ-"/tt f'c~')' f"7:,;~n:" (1;1' f"7tf'toj- h1a-,f\"+p h"7h"'f\")' ~"A"-' t\,":f ;JC n~na1' f"'ffff' Otf't 1IL 'toj' :: ~, ftlt\(1',,'t, 0011'''' "7{},/tf\«t: : f tlot f}f\(1 :"'t)-: f1-,f'l:j>f: : f1-,f'9"atj, : f:"){ I' oon, 'h'i f\f\"1' oo/'la ooofl'''1''} OI/htf) : j fcrtjc: ffh"-' : f",,,,,l fcru'}\~'{}'" 'h'" f"'1{}:hdtf ~1A"'f\"')' 'h}jtrr9" uul~ ~1''} f"7 lo'i"'c ~ 1 A -,f\":"'i I\f\"'{' oo/'la " 'JA,"y~ : (n) the import of goods to the extent provided under Schedule 2 of the Customs Tariffs Regulations; (0) the supply of goods or services by a workshop employing disabled individuals if more than 60 percent of the employees are disa,bled; and (p) the import or supply of books and other printed materials to the extent provided in regulations 3) A supply of goods or services is not an exempt supply under this Article if, in the absence of Sub- Article (2), the supply would be charged with tax at the rate of zero percent under Article 7, Sub-Article (2) 4) The Minister of Finance and Economic Development may be directive exempt other goods and services, 9, P/iu:eof Supply of Goods SECTION 3 p'lace, Time and Value of Supplies I) If a supply involves goods being transported, the supply takes place at the location of the goods when transportation starts In other cases, the supply of goods takes place at the location where the goods are transfelted 2) A supply of electric or thennal energy, gas, or water takes place where the goods are received, except that if these are exported from Ethiopia, the supply is considered to take place in Ethiopia loo Place of Rendering of Services I) Except as otherwise provided by this Article, the place of rendering of services is the location of the taxable activity of the person who renders the services 2) The place of rendering of services is: (a) the place where immovable property is located, if (c) (d) (e) the services are directly connected with the property; the place where the services are actually canied out, if they are connected with movable property; the place where services are actually canied out, if they are rendered in the field of culture, art, education, physical fitness, or sports, or in another similar activity; the place where transportation actually takes place, if the services are connected with that transportation for purposes of Article 7, Sub-Article (2), a transaction connected with the rendering of servicesby a person outside Ethiopia, is considered as canied out in Ethiopia; the location of the pennanent establishment of the purchaserof the services to which the servicesmost closely relate, in case of: I) the transfer of ownership or concession of patents, licenses, trademarks, copyrights, or other similar rights; 2),consulting, legal, accounting, engineering, and advertising service, as well as data processing services, and other similar services;

11 '/~' ~i'i~f~1 ~1IrA ~;1tT ;1Uff) -II'I'C~r flk ~i +'} IitU1! '}go Federal Negarit Gazeta- No 33 4thJuly, Page 1842 Hi' [ - c' h-r~1l\tc-r 1:C~-r "'1ihCI1~sP"f 0 ll,, C f 01/1, I}"''''' 1 1Il,"f f""l h t- f -r : 2' OttU 1o-ll ~1"'?\ f"'op"h-l:-r1 ~"A'" i\-,"f "opllm-r f",,,'1td- td-a 'P'i,I};J'~, 011"1tD- (\td- II9" 0tD-1t- f,, "0tD-1 ~, A,/\, fol/(\'}'1 (\td- fol/!(\""i~ tdha : ~, A "'/\"-r "'tu ~1"'?\ 1o-ll ~1"'?\ (I) ~t'09" ~"A"M~')' fol/(\'}'o-r {1;J'-1'11"" (no-ll ~1"'?\ (~) h~1'(' nl\f Olf, &fl\-r'}pc f-l'''''ktd- (1;J- f"'~ &f/\"~1 ~f9" -I'h", A oolpl-r O""l1:G'" foj(\'ia :: ~:t'c(l'1- "-h'ioj'l fol/i1a(h' 1H /i nol/~ll-rc'"f 9"hC 0, OOl/tDiJ)f111 tdf9" OttU ~1"'?\ 1o-ll ~1"'?\ (I) 'h'i (C) h-l,,/\8-"" nll"''''c :J'h II f""lhta n"",11f-r "'ht,' td'l f""lli/\td- /\,11f-I: f,"g;};""1~ 'h()''''' ;J'hll fg(\~ l\(\'}' 'ltd- :: ~ htlu O;J-:f' f"'''''o'-r ('C1,"f n,,'hcitd'" n~ 9"l\"" "''1',tD-l\')' f,",lb""l~ 'h()")' :J'h l\ fg(1~ tla'''(\m fflu ~1"'K' 10l\ ~1"'?\ (;;) y:'):n 0 'ic9" ;J'h l\ fol/htan"",11f"" 'h1 fhl'ioj'l f4'>m~a :: U) /):J>sP:f ",ll1otd- 11"'~ 1f'ltD- (1-I,,,,00m- : f/):j>sp:f Chh11 : 1i!"f' tdf9" ""Il\'''1\/\~ n"toooo"" tdf9" ~"A"'/\""'~ OOl/(1m-n)- 1ft /\) f/):j>sp:f chhn /):J>sP:f'1 ""I~~1I fo'/,!i1-)-')' l\1f1 f/):psp:f ""I~~1' l\19"c 'ltd- :: i~' h~! f,'tooptd- nttu ~1"'?\ 1o-l\ ~1"'?\ I(U) 'h'i (/\) h"'m,,1-1h!'''' n&"', If'i h~!td- n,(,ooo 11~9"ll"" "''i~ td-l\'}' f'n,ij,""i~ 'h()''''' ;J'hll f,g(1~ tla,"(1m ftttj ~1"'?\ 1o-ll ~1"'?\ li 'he; ~ '('1,'J 'lsp:f, 0 'i{'9" ;J-hl\ fol/htao"" "'1If')' 'h1f"-h CjOJ'lf4'>mt-A :: ~ f1 Ol\ ~ 1,?\ (?;) '('1,'J'I 'h1 f'hno'" If'i : /\flu ~1"'K' 1o-l\ ~1"'?\ (r) ~t'09" /\~:"C{11:,11f"" ~')Y: tdf9" h~1'(' fn"m- h~!sp:f' f,tkad- 'h') f1f'l n'h!1';1~ h"'! opm1 f"'/\!~,1if,:f 'h')f,"fl1' f4'>m6a ::?; ~"A",/\""'"f noofn~'l-r tdf9" n,h;j-;j'f nolj(\ mn"" o-);j' 'h'ltlu1 ~"A"'f\o"':f' nol/op/\h-r f',",lb""l~ 'h()'~ :J'hl\ f,g(\~ O"'(1m 111 o-it- ~"A",/\""'"f 'h1f"'(\m- f4'>m~a :: h~!td- ~l\'" (tjp f,toop hlf'l,1 h~! fitoopl1rtd- ~"A",,,""'"f h~!td- n,toop 1H 'h1f"'(\mf4'>m~a ::?; f~1"'k' 2 1o-l\ ~1"'?\ (C) 1:1,'J'I,t,01/l\fl, ~:"C(1-1: f,hcjtd'ln-r 1H,fC1 fol/4'>mltd- 11/):ptD- tdf9" n~"a"'/\"-i: opm"'9" f"'1opgn"" 'UI fif'i A :: ;it n~')"'?\ 21o-ll ~1"'?\ (2)f"'"G"~-r1 nol/op/\h-r ~:"C{1i: f,h'itd'lo-r 1H,fC1 fol/4'>mltd- /):p 9'~ tdf9" ~, A, f\o-h: ""''''ij) ~ sp"f fol/(\m 1I-r 1H 'ltd- :1 ~ f~1"'?\ 2 1o-ll ~1"'?\ (~),t101/l\fl, f~:" C{1-r 1H fol/ '1" td- f9"1i,11td- 00 IP l1l hol/o'in-r,1 O&-r!"tD- 1H 'ltd- I: Ii- /\'}':"9" l\11a 0, fg" ~:"c (1-r ~:, ~o td-htt:,r td-1 f,, n" td- n '11-1:9" tdf9" 0 td l'" -r, 1"11 n OI/IPtoo",~! : 4'>iJ)~ tdf9" /\1\ "'opi}i}f op"'~! flf'l 'h 1 f1f 'l ",1 -I:aD- (JJ~9" f (JJ l'" -r, 1 "0- n ~ :, t- 0 tdl\9" hop'1~!td- : tdy,9" h4'>ij)~td- td"'- l\fl, : I- /\/\"f ~:"C{1"'"f,tOaD- fol/"'1ao-r 1H n,osp"f OI/~ll-rC 00l/(J)iJ) opoo~! Y,tD(\'iA II 11 3) the leasing of movable property (except for vehicles of transportation enterprises); 4) services of an agent that engages a person (enterprise or physical person) on behalf of the main participant in a contract to perform the services that are described in this Sub Article 3) In applying Sub-Article (2) of this Article, the place for rendering of services that are described in more than one of this Article shall be determined acccr ding to the Sub-Article that comes first Time of Supply I) Except as provided in this Article or in regulations Issued by the Council of Ministers, a supply occurs when a VAT invoice is issued for that transaction 2) Notwithstanding the provisions of Sub-Article 1 of this Article, if a VAT invoice is not issued within 5 days after the moment described in this Sub-Article, the supply will be considered as having taken place-- (a) at the time the goods are made available to the recipient, sold or transferred, or the services are rendered; or :b) in the case of a delivery of goods that involves shipment of the goods, when the shipment starts 3) Notwithstanding the provisions of Sub-Article (1) and (2), if payment is made in advance of the time described in Sub-Article (2) (a) or (2), and if ~I VAT invoice is not issued within 5 days after the date of payment, the supply will be considered as having taken place at the time payment is made 4) For the purpose of Sub-Article (3) of this Article, and except as provided in Sub-Article (5) of this Article, if two or more payments are made for a supply, each payment is treated as made for a separate supply to the extent of the payment 5) If services are rendered on a regular or continui IIg basis, a rendering of services is treated as t;1!11 i f' place on each occasion when a VAT invoice is issued in connection with such services or, if payment i" made earlier, at the time when payment is made for any part of such services 6) In the case of the application of Article 4, Sub- Article (3), the time of the supply is the time when the use or consumption of goods or services begins 7) In the cases specified in Article 4, Sub-Article (4), the time the supply occurs is the time of supply of the goods or rendering of the services to the employee 8) In the case of the application of Article 4, Sub- Article (5), the time of supply is immediately before the cancellation takes effect 9) A supply for a consideration in money received by the supplier by means of a machine, meter, or other device operated by coin, note, or coupon occurs when the coin, note or coupon is taken from that machine, meter, or other device by or on behalf of the supplier 10) The time when other supplies occur may be provided by directives issued by the Minister of Revenue

12 I ~K'"if::""j' f! ' f':i ~1IAA ~:Jt"" ;JH1lJ ~'1'C 01: (t~ t)~<t'} Bin!! <i'9'" Federal Negarit Gazeta - No July, Page 1843!:M' ;J'hll fd?,hlalh' '?-o,f':" ha"?i' ;J'hll foljhtan:" '?n,f'"" ha, fd?ld(t ~ed-;j'h II h 4-r 1\0, {IVfeD- lj:p?j'f ld,f''i" 1\(tlTJTlD' 01 A'? j 1\ "::;' ("?CJTeD-'I" "'{1' ;J-hll ld,f''i" /\,I\ :Y' htt:!?j'f ~'I"C') h~1n~ed- ld,f''i" h"?cjted-'i" /\,1\ (ted- f,",oi\ed-1 ld,f''i" I\OD"'OA fd?:y'i\ed-') j If;J ODIP{"" n"?,f'{,? (\If') f+~"?t ha:, ;J'h1l1 o,f'lll'i"c'i" :: ~ ;rhll h4-~ l\oe}>c{1i: ha:, OI\eD-m- folj,oi\edld,f''i" 1\OD'" n A folj'fl\ ed- lj:p ld,f''i" 0 1 A'? 1\ "" nd?,1f10"" 10ft : foe}>c{1i: ha:, fh~tuj lj:p?j:y' ld,f''i" o1a'?i\--f'f f10! If;J ("?CJTeD-9" "'{'1' : :O~ ;J'h{\:Y' ld,f''i" /\,I\-'f htt:!?j'f ~9"C') folja19"c (\1f1 : f,f-'q"?t ha:, ;t-h1l1 o,f'a1'i"c'i" :: i~' ;J'hll h4-~ I\hCJlD~eD- oe}>c{1:" nl\ed-m- folj,oi\edld,f'9" fl,nl\ed- folj'f1\ld- 9"19" '11C h/\,i\ ('I"1I11leD- n+ip{h 10ft Oh:E- f"'~""') lj:p?j:y' 6J;1''I''C) ;J-h(\a fd?,hlao"" oe}>c{1:" If;J f,{(}-')- ld,f''i"f,,'(tm-:" o1a'"li\--f-:;' f1n! If;J (,,?CJ:t:eD-'I" "'t1' : ;J'h{\:Y' ld,f''i" /\I\-'f h«t:!?j'f 6J;1''I''C) (t,1f1: f"'~"?t ha:" ;t-h1l1 o,f'a1'i"c'i" :: 0' no1"'~' ~ '}o-ll o'}"'~ r ODIP{:" ;J-hll foljht, An:" f1'?,f- ~ t h '}e}>1l:pa I\AIf'1 +'?IlC fcpfta ftt:}!;j' lj:p?j'f') ld,f''i" f+(tm- o1a'?i\--f:y''} nd?,odl\h"" h '}ctlja'l" no '},~ ~ '} O-ll 0 '},~ (~),f'1 :YI ODIP{"" l\"'ltjted- 1Pt"'~ f+~{" o:"c (1'y:y, ld,f''i" f"(tm- o1a'?i\ -f'f1 nd?,odl\h')' f 0 e}>c{li: h a"', '1eD- folj1l1\ld- lj:p?j:t: ld,f''i" o1a'?1\0~ f4>{o,n:" : f,(tm-n:" OJ,f''I" h'}ct o:j1\- f"'y{1n:" CP;J ("?c':flda'l" "'{1' : ;J'h{\:Y' ld,f''i" /\1\ 1' htt:!?j:y' ljj'i"c') (ta1f1 : f"'llboyt ha:, ;J'hll'} o,f'a1'i"c'i" ::?; f',q?j'f D?,~ll')-c (lilu o'}"'~!a"'7fl'1- flj:p o:"cp,),c' o1a'?i\ :" fodllm"" "''?IlC''f1 CP;J 1l1\')' l\"?hc'ld1 folj!ll:y'a ODODt!!lDlTJl;\ :: ;J'hll foljhlao:"1 '?-o,f':" If;J 1l1\D?1l"tdlA?i',f'U 0 1"'~ +L~OIJ foljif'1ld- f+odh1ned- (tedtihc'ld'1ld- ;t-hll foljhlan:" '?-o,f':" ;JC LH'!!H:- u) '?-o,f'i: (\IP t:h : 1\) f,?"l,f'i:'" L 1'C' (\,fc : th) n If ;J OD'" '11l9" 1f'1 OD?c'TlD-9" /\1\ 9"h '}!:, oll,,f'tp' I\,?"l,f'i: f+mf"'ld- 11H-o ODm'} (\l\ld1' ld,f'9 OD) lj:p?j:t: ld,f''i" 0 1 A'? 1\-f4; 0 h4a ld,f'9" nod-i\- I\;t-h II h4-r f+odi\(\a (\1f1 ~ed- :: ~ LHlU o1+~ '}o-ll o'}"'~ Ii h+h{'h~:" lja);j-?j'f 0 ') ~ ld,f'9" ho'},f- Ol\,f' O"?;J m"? TeD- 9"h '}!:, f"'odtl1 nld- (tld-:- u) f"'a1"?t ha:" ;t-hll ~{(t~ f(tm hcj n+a1,,?t ha,), ;J'hll ~{(t~ I\,f' f+11\~ed- CP;J f+""+ (\If'}: ld,f'9" 1\) LH~"?t ha:, ;t'hll "?ll;t-ldct! I\,f' f+1 1\~eD- ff-'q"?t ha:, ;t-hll f+""+ (\If') : i> Ll'}O'll o'}"'~ (~)(u) n+11\~ld- o'\:\'} f;t-hll Yt(t~ f,,(tm h'}y,if~ hcj O;t-hll 1t(('i I\,f' f"'odl\th'ed- f,hli\ed- ;t-hll f11hafl ODm'} OOe}> C{li: I\,f' flhla h0lj11lld- ;t-hll fol\m h'}y,rr~ : f,"odtl10ed- oe}>tq 1\1:rrlD- 01o-il o1"'~ (it) f"'1i\oed-'} llclic f!h f;t-hll h~:" 1P~,f- ODllm')' ol\n:" :: Q' OYCJTeD-'I" f,"odtl1n (tld- 01o-ll o1"'~ I: h+1 1\yeD- n ll+, C n /\,1\ "?CJTlD-9" lja);t- f ;J' h II h ~ct:" IP ~,f' ODIIm:" f 1\0 :"9" 12 Value ofa Supply 1) The value of a supply is determined according to the amount the person receives or is entitled to receive inreturn for the supply of goods or renderingof services, whether from the customer or any other person (including any duty, taxes, or other fee payable), but without including VAT 2) If the person receives or is entitled to receive goods or services in exchange for a supply of goods or a rendition of services, the value of the supply inlcudes the market price of these goods or services (including any duty, taxes, or other feee payable), but without including VAT 3) In a case where the person receives or is entitled to receive nothing of value in exchange for a supply of goods or a rendition of services (including that of goods remaining on hand in the case of a cancellation of registration, but not inclucting a supply ofbusiness samples), the value of the supply is the market price of the goods or services supplied or rendered (including any quty, taxes, or other fee pay~ble), but without including VAT 4) In the case of consumption or use of goods or services, other than in connection with a taxable activity according to Article 4, Sub-Article (3), as well as in the case of a supply or rendering to an employer's employee according to Article 4, Sub- Article (4), the value ofthe supply is the cost price of the goods or services supplied (including any duty, taxes, or other fee payable), but without including VAT 5) The Minister of Revenue may issuse a directive to provide for the calculation of the value of a supply of goods or rendition of services for supplies not covered in this Article 13 Adjustment of the Value of a Taxable Transaction 1) This Article applies where, in relation to a taxable transaction made by a registered person: (a) the transaction is cancelled; the nature of the transaction is changed; (c) the previously agreed consideration for the transaction is altered, whether due to a reduction of prices or for any other reason; or (d) the goods or services are returned in full or in part to the registered person 2) If a registered person has, as a result of the occurrence of one or more of the events described in Sub-Article (1) ofthis Article: (a) provide a VAT invoice, and the amount of VAT shown on the invoice is incorrect, or shown an incorrect amount of VAT on a VAT return, then an adjustment is made as specified in Article 20, Sub-Article (2) or Article 21, Sub- Article (7) 3) Where a tax invoice has been issued in the circumstances specified under Sub-Article (2)(a) and the amount shown as tax charged in that tax invoice exceeds the tax properly chargeable in re~pect of the supply, the registered person making the supply shall provide the recipient of the supply with a tax credit note containing the particulars specified in Sub-Article (9) 4) A person shall not provide a tax credit note in any circumstances other than those specified under Sub-Article (3)

13 1X' lii($f'i IJt-A )7t-l- 711"14t1'C,e '\kn -t"jiilf1i,, Federal Negarit Gazeta - No July, Page 1844 ~ O"}o-c 1\"}+, (1)(0) 0,,I\8(Do 1\\\~,,} f;t-hc ~l()~ f"'()m ~,,}~II'~ ~'I O;t-hf\ ~lri~ I\~ f"'odi\h,(do f,hli\(do ;t-hc f'''}hl1 ODm"} 01\:" C{1i: I\~ AhLA h"!,q(do ;t-hc,~() ~,,}~II'~ : f"'odh'o(do 1\:"t-0 I\,y(Do O"}o-c 1\,,, (I) f,,i\8(do"} f;t-h C 1 0 TIP" 1: ODcm T 1\1\0 T :: {)(Doo"}o-c 1\,,}"''' (~) h,, i fl7ijt(do9" f"'odh'o I\8(Do 0 C,+C 0 ""1\ fl71jt(do9" II-~;t- f;t-h C10 T 1P,1: ODcmT "I\OT9" :: 1 fl7ijt(do9" f"'odh,o(do {)(Do o"}o-c 1\"}+, (r) ~Ij (~) O""I\~(Do II-~;t- OTC~ td~9" Ofl7,c I\,hLI\ ;t-h Cf"7Am (Do 1\ ") 1: f;t-h Ch &'JlT td~9" f;t-h C, (Do II 10 T IP ~ 1: 11:J= ~ OtLU 1\"}+, f"'~ u ~"(Do 0 ljc9" f"'odh,o(do {)(Do f ;t-h C h &-\T td~9" f;t-h C 10"" IP" 1: fj''i (Do :":( fm4:-0t ODII'~,,) OOD,I\, 'r'4: ''''In ~,,}~II''' ij:i"(do"} td~9" 1\,A,I\-i:"},+lO(Do f, ODH'O {)(Do u:":(" f"7a, th-t;; f IP 4tl nt :":( A{)m(Do~"fl\A :I ql\p'aij)~ O,I\f II-~;t- ~,,}Jl~9" I1AL"'~ oc,+c o"}o-c 1\"}+, (r) f,,i\8(do f;t-hc h&-\t f"7h"'~t"} A~1I ~,qa :I u) 0"7;t-~ (1f "f;t-hc h&'jlt 1P~1:" f"7a, th-t;; : 1\) ij:i" (Do") td~9" 1\, A, I\-i:,,},+l 0 (Do") () (Do c9"i 1\1:t-?f i f,-oc h~~ ODI\' ~'rc i th) ij:i" (Do") td~9" 1\, A, I\-i: "} f, tj(do") ()(Do la9"i 1\1:t-?f : f,l1c h~~ ODI\' -h'rc : OD) f;t-hc h&'jlt IP"~ f,'lot"} +"} IP) O;t-hc ~l()~ I\~ f"'odi\h,(do"} f1\:"c {1'I:,,} fj' ;J i f 1\ :,C {1i:,,} Th h 1\ ~ fj' ;J i n 11-1\ -I: tiul1ha 'I\(Do"} A ~"Ti OA ~"-I: 9"h"}'T f,hli\(do"} ;t-h Ci l) f;t-hc h&'jlt 1P,1: ODcmT,cLI\,OT"} II-~;t- f"7,c'ljs 1\~C OD,I\Ai ~Ij ft) I\;t-hc h&-\t 1P~1: 1\,ql1~T 'I\(Do"} ;t-hc f"7hlaot"} 1\:"C{1T I\fA- f"7f"~ 0-1: OD l)f i I ql\p'aij)~ O,I\f II-~;t- ~ "}Jl~9" I1AL"'~ oc,+c o"}o-c 1\"}+, (~) f""i\~(do f;t-hc 10T f"!h"'~'},,} A~1I ~,qa I u) 0"7;t-~ (1;t- "f;t-hc 10T 1P,1:" f"7a, th-tt: i 1\) ij:i"(do"} td~9" 1\,A,I\--I:"},":lO(Do"} {)(Do c9": 1\Y;t-?f i f,l1c h~~ ODI\' cfr'rc i m) ij:i"(do"}td~9" 1\,A,I\--I:"} f,tj(do"} ()«D-c9" i 1\1:t-?f i f,l1c h~~ ODI\' cfr'rc i OD) f;t-hc 10i: f,'lot"} +"} i IP) O;J--hc "l()~ I\~ f"'odi\h,(do"} f1\:"c{1-1:'1 CP:J f f1\'-"c{1i:"} Thhl\~ fj':j f 011-1\-1:ODl1hA 'I\(Do"} A'~Tf OA'~i: 9"h"}'T f,hli\(do"} ;t-hc f l) f;t-hc 10T 1P~1:oDl\mT,cLI\,OT"} II-~;tf"7,clJS 1\~C OD,I\Aii,~1j ()) I\;t-h C 10 i: IP ~1: 1\, ql1, T '1\ (Do ;t-h C f"7hlaot") 1\:"C{1T I\~~ f"7'''~ 0-1: OD 1"/$ 5) Where a tax invoice has been issued in the circumstances specified under Sub-Article (2)(a) and the tax properly chargeable in respect of the supply exceeds the amount shown as tax charged in that tax invoice, the registered person making the supply shall provide the recipient of the supply with a tax debit note containing the particulars specified in Sub-Article (10) 6) A person shall not provide a tax debit note in any circumstances other than those specified under Sub-Article (5) 7) A registered person shall only issue one tax credit note or tax debit note for the amount of the excess stated in Sub-Article (3) or (5) respectively 8) Notwithstanding the provisions of this Article, where a registered person claims to have lost the original tax credit note or tax debit note, the registered person who made the supply may provide a copy clearly marked "copy" 9) Except as the Authority may otherwise allow, a tax credit note as required by Sub-Article (3) shaij contain the following particulars- (a) the words "tax credit note" in a prominent place; the name, address, and taxpayer identification number of the registered person making the supply; (c) the name, address, and taxpayer identification number of the recipient of the supply; (d) the date' on which the tax credit note was (e) issued the value of the supply shown on the tax invoice, the correct amount of the value of the supply, the difference between those two amounts, and the tax charged that relates to that difference; (t) a brief explanation of the circumstances giving rise to the issuing of the tax credit note; and (g) infonnation suffi~ient to identify the taxable supply to which the tax credit note relates 10) Except as the Authority may otherwise allow, a tax debit note as required by Sub-Article (5) shall contain the following particulars: (a) the words "tax debit note" in a prominent place; the name, address, and taxpayer identification number of the registered person making the supply; (c) the name, address, and taxpayer identification number of the recipient of the supply; (d) (e) the date on which the tax debit note was issued; the value of the supply shown on the tax invoice, the correct amount Of the value of the supply, the difference between those two amounts, and the tax that relates to that difference; (t) a brief explanation of the circumstances giving rise to the issuing of the tax debit note; and (g) infonnation sufficient to identify the taxable supply to which the tax debit note relates

14 ,~ (iir~~fu;?; ~1u/l\ ~:Jt,) ;J/LtIJ <I!'1'C q)!: (t)?)% "") IVY1~'}9" Federal Negarit Gazeta - No July, Page 1845 tj~~ "1,,) my,,',e; wlt1' f01j10' i>:j>~1' h(\')' hci f10'i1')' 1,L n~' i>,<j>~"}" my"1c 10' f01j'i~fh' 1,L i>:"~"}" my"',e; wlt1' 1'O"'If~ f01j'i"a>- 11'''9''~tJ JU'''''(\f''} (\ODI/"O' "a>-:: "" )); myh"e; fo,/:,o' i>,<j>~':t' MI')'?; (II""'U: f01j:,o' l>,<j>~1':j-t,lt f01j/l}~fh' MI')' IIh ""J} l>:p~jj:}" f01jht"a>-'} "'I1"i :}tjlt "" IU9"{~'1I",}t"A',r f"'9"';)1 ~n'" ODIPI')' n"9";tj f"'/m(\ '1m fl>:p9)"}" If:J (\If'}: f"'(i\ 'M h(}")' :,t,lt'pi my,,',e; 1101J:'0' i><j>~:f' f01jht"a>-'} "" f', n ""II e; '1' f:01j,r h4:r ""aj9 e;9 ::!~ 1l1,'H'X' i: '}{Jlt "'}"'X' (~) (loo'i') l>,4>'}my"1c htl,/{j"i))': :)1: ":v~;~ If,m f"'(\1j1- ""~""''''Y'1''} n~i,/(i""h:" f""a""''''y':': CP:J f,i-tl1,o'//, h(}l' :J-t,lt'} 1)f,IU9"C '"'H'X' 'wlt "'H''''' ;; II-I'ml)', 'P:) 1\",I-tLl, 'l1,,(f'ia:: t,'t:~ "9"lt:" 9"'1/',/1 (k fi/iii/d''''''11 "'f:"?; :"hlt f '/htaih' f'}"'y: P't h'}:,lt<j>ct, fo'jfh 'iw"} tr'i ",I-tLl,o'llh(}")' :}'hlt ra,(loii"o 'l'i:,:w'9 (\IP' hllj' II:":}" f'''',i''';')' f"):}'~1' (\ "7'" ""'(,1,1 '11 MI')' :}'hlt "ODOD'U111 'l(lilah:': O'J:"I'II ""11+: 11) 11t1'1'i:':a>-9 n~ w") 'IIL a>-{j1',rh'im,w' :"h{j f01jhtafh' "'n')' h'iic (; ODr if II"' iun m,,9",,) 1I 'l'i:,:m'9 n ~ mi')' 'lil OD:fODlf IItlU n~ mi'} "IL m{j'1' :"h{j h4f fo'j,rhe; W'''IP' :,),{J fo'jht~fh' "HI',')' h11c f OD-f j'j 11"', 'If'i~ 11ft" "op1ou'} fo'jf{j1'~ "tjj,/l"~ 9"),,),(,,) h,}y"": ~ f'n,hl'i "J"iO'J ~D?')' O'J~{J); tulu 1I",e fno-{j "'H'X' ii f"'od"h"'a>-') f'11"11 'U:",/ f: 1'",-:;" ~ :: ODtn'} h~ m,e9" t (l00d'''''''1,r"ih' (\w' no{j "')"'"" ;;(u) f-tou" h"'w' 'lilh'hnci"'''' t\" 11fta>-mc fod(i\1if,') OJf,I} "'}o{j ;;(,,) f-i-od"h"'a>- 'UL H-tn'i "'H''''-,,») WC fod(i\i7i,'} "1} '''111 D?OD~h;J: 7:"1'11 ""IH':: ~ n o-lt "')"'"" (?;) f,'o&"h"'a>- h'},,tnl1, IfCj f')", f: P't- h,}:" It:J>(}a>-') fl:"c'}''''u: l' m,e9" flp' t- tj~"1- fo'jfh'ia>-'} f"'ou"111 (\a>- :,C') 6"11':1- w,e9" f P't tj~i\" '1-11 fftllta>fllf~'a>- +001l;J1l {J9" f,lfe;~:: '}0- It,,'}, Cj "' 9 f " 00" h "'a>- f1 C9" # flt l U "')"''''' ih,~ce (\a>-,-,q"a>- f,ooh1fl (\a>- flo'j"'c11ft} O1JOD~h;J: ODIJ'I'''' f:jtj(\- q"p'~flj'} :"C'}6"ll'::t: w,e9" f P' t, tj~",,:t: t- (\-') f;1:" f't Uf-l1 "f fll p'c'h' f,,:r:a>-: fl'}"i(' P't-a>- h '}:"{J:J>(}~,e,}' w,e9" 0"711-0'''' fl;j-,,,,,,,"-a>- f"7;j-m~ hll'''i f'''ooh1fla>- (\a>- "'}1: m,e9" h",}(' fll\,e fll'~ :"C,}6"ll':1- m,e9" f P' C tj~""1' fl,e; tn~ h '}\oo H,11- ODfi:"'(' y1o,,~:: i' fl'}o-lt "'},,, t ~1J'1'-"f"7L~ooa>- f:"c'}6"l~1o m 1Ir f P' t- htt:i\" 1- f,e; 111~ 9"111 q fo'jl9 oa>f11l~1o "7t{J-,C OD,tfmflJa>- ooootf h,"'" ~m-'-" O-~:J'9'1- he; 11-fl1o ;JC f"7fljflj9" h{jh,, 1' ll\ ;J=, a>-ii SECTION 4 Time and Value of Imports 14 Time of the Imports of Goods An import of goods takes place when the goods are entered into the customs declaration 15 Value of a Taxable Import 1) The value of a taxable import is the customs value of the goods, detennined in accordance with the customs legislation of Ethiopia, plus the sum of duties and taxes payable upon the import of the goods into Ethiopia, excluding VAT and income tax withhodlding 2) In the case of services considered part of an import under Article 5, Sub-Article (2), their value, without VAT, is added to the value as defined under Sub-Article (1) of this Article 16 Obligatory Registration SECTION 5 Registration 1) A person who carries on taxable activity and is not registered is required to file an application for VAT registration with the Authority if - (a) at the end of any period of 12 calendar months the person made, during that period, taxable transactions the total value of which exceeded 500,000 Birr; or at the beginning of any period of 12 calendar months there are reasonable grounds to expect that the total value of taxable transactions to be made by the person during that period will exceed 500,000 Birr 2) The Minister of Finance and Economic Development may by directive increase or decrease the threshold provided for under Sub-Article 1 3) A person required to register shall file an application for registration no later than the last day of the month after the end of the period in Sub-Article (I )(a), or the last day of the month of the period in Sub-Article (1) 4) Subject to Sub-Article (5), a registered person who conducts taxable activity in a branch or division shall be registered only in the name of the registered person 5) Notwithstanding Sub-Article (4), the Authority may, upon application in writing by a registered person operating in corporate fonn, authorise the registered pers<;>nto register one or more of its branches or divisions as separate registered persons where the Authority is satisfied that the branch or division maintains an independent accounting system and can be separately idefitified by the nature of its activities or location 6) The regisration of a branch or divisioj' under Sub- Article (5) is subject to such conditions and restrictions as the Minister of Revenue may deem fit

15 1~' ii1f~~y~} J1ttI 't;j6}o;jt1"1 4r1'Cc9r flk n ":'J Iiifn,9" Federal Negarit Gazeta - No 33 4thJuly, Page 1846 f(lo(io 7) In determining whether a person has an obligation to ~ "7c'TCD-'I"(\CD-01lH\ h1,r' (Ii) (IOIPI:" l'1,n,1;r Il\n:" (I01f)'1 I\(IOOJ(\1: u) v-i\:" "'Tr-~:" II\TCD- (\~:f ndttf)n} 'LtI I1I\P'~tq) h1'&;' IhCjOJ~CD-1 ;t'hll fu?h4t ~ 0:",iI,:" /\1\CD-t)hCjOJ~CD-;J C ~ 1-'t~ (IOC II?1:1, "-:;'I\~:: 1\) fil?cjtcd-'i" (\CD-;rhll fu?h4t~ih',-0',,"" 'P;J fu?m(\~cd-nh1,r' H (IOIPI:" ~CD-:: X% n4c,cj>1~~:"lll\(io(i01i1i1 1\''''11'''/& ~I\:" :rhllf(lo(i01i1111,1;r f/\i\n"t f1",y' 1"'6- fu?it)'/1: (\CD- 1111ll (tl; TC(\1"" ((\11 h9 ll')' n(101'-) fijcj>"7c}>lii ~Cj h1~"'i\""t fodllm')' 1"'1, fll?lhcjcd-~cd- 1\,"(10"10- (\~-:; hlf~ ntt:i\-)',: f9 1'~'1 "7(1O~h;J=CD-1 1\'1I\P'~tq) "7c}>In e-:;'i\~:: X~~ f9 1'1IlY'"'c~')' ;1' (lilu h'p~ UUIPI')' I\'NJ;},"7" ~I\'} :J'hll l\upup l'1n f"7"'cll "7CjTCD-'I" (\CD- "7uu~h:J:OJ") f1 0 ~-:; "7 ~ll:"c 0U?lm tqcd- f h 4t' fj'i" (10uu t 1 CD-ll'l' IH'(IOl\h,CD- c}>r'"7c}>111hi\ih':: ~ n1lhl h1,r' (t) f'f'1~11cd- ~1'"'mn, 1ft;' :J'hll f"7n)~n'}1 "'11e) fu?'lhc,'td-') (\OJ 1\",u"7t ~I\')' :J'hll I\(IOUU111i1luul\h" ~1'tf~ 11I\P'~tq) h(lo~t)~1 O''''I1''7t ~I\')' :J'hll UU111n h(lo"1n n:\1\ h'l"11111cd- ijl\"t "f'i"r: nc!) (Wl\ft),c,'} CD-ll'l' hllu n:j'-:;' Ino-ll h')"'", (E) f"'upl\h"'cd-1 'f'l"11111 f'l"llhc OJI'",) upllm')' hi\ih':: t 11I\P'~tq) fu?h-l'1\cd-1 uul~ fj'r/ f9"11111 f9 llhc OJI"''''' e(\tq~:: u) f-l'up"10cd-1 (\CD-ou-I\ll'l" ~c,' /\1\"-:;'~ll,cl\'l 1IC11C'-:;'j 1\) f'l"llhc OJI""I: f-l'(\mih'1 en: dl) f'l"111'1cd-,4tku? H' fu?"f9"cih'1 1>1: uu) f,"(i01i10cd-1 (\CD-f :J'h II h4-e (101\1 ~'I'C: ~ 9 1'111CD- htlu +'1'1\" tl~:" +Cj"f- CD-ll'l' +1:qv n11(\0>- Oh 1'&;' +1 ehc,'ojcj~:: u) UU(/Oll1n,1:J' c'\tr1: 1\9"11111 f07uu~h;j: "7c}>111, 1:J' hu?"f'i"cn"t wc +'1'1\" 111\tDf'/ Uf11 'LIL fu!'"f (/Otf,1 j 1\) 9 1/111 0lj:cJ>1~~, c'\1f'}: h(/o~ t):t: 1\9"1"'11 "7(/O~h;J: t)+1(1i]-1' OJC "''1'1\'' Ill\w f'l Uf(1 'LIL f(lo"f(io'" "'1: rh) IH'(I01I10CD- (\CD-f'l"11111 "7(1O~h;J: f9"11111,1 ~1-'ttf1 f,"(iolmcd-,1:?; '1I\P'~tq) 1\,tu"7t ~I\'} :J'hll f"'(/or/10' (\~":J') f"7(/ol\h-t: 11C11C uul~~-:; f"7uuwiil-o'} ou'u111 f*~"7~:: :4' I1I\P'~tq) 1\-I'lU"7" ~I\'} :J'hll (/O(/01I11111\(H' 1ft;' ~1C,1 f9"11111 "7(/O~h;J: J'1\"'ln1 (\CD-t-{\- n(/o(/oli1'(1 1\,"(/0111 ncd- (\CD- 11IlU h 1, R' 10ll h')"'''' (! f-i"'1\"0>-1 f'l"11111 (\C,t;,ctt') uul\h e-:;'i\~:: :;, l\'fo(u"7t ~I\') :J'hll f"'(/01i10 (\td- f",'(1c h4-,['" (/01\f ~'I'<;') (111,1\'9" f'''lu''7'' ~I\')' :Jt)i\ h:hi "(1:1: n:jotlll "7ll:J'w'tlsP';f ~Ci hl1l\p'~tq) ;JC nu?'11c;j:':0>- "'Tf~"':f v-i\' (IOm"'9" e':'c n:j'~:: :j; "7Ci:t:CD-'I" (\OJ- nh1+r' Pi (IOIPI"" n4tcj>r'h) 1\uu (/ c'\iuul\h'}: Ci~P'~tq) h'lu 0:J:f IH'IIIII';''''' 9"h111'-:f 'I'14:CD-1 OJf'c}> 1\1 rc, e-:;'i\~:: u) h(lo~t)~ f-l'oj(\~ f(lo':'tl OJe9" f1,f' P'th f' 6-if f /\1\CD-c'\1f1: t\) h(lo~t):t: OttO htp~ (IOIPI"" -"111CD-1f'/Ufl1 UU1l1i1 1\(10111: 'LtLCD-1mil" ~Cj nhll"'''7''7~ ()-):J' f:j'hll "7ll;rm'tl 1\"7c}>liI fu"e:f~ lll\~lf)' I1I\P'~tq) hft"7~ 9"h11:" t)1\0>-:: register under Sub-Article (1): (a) the authority may aggregate the value of taxable transactions made by one person with the value of taxable transations made by the other person where both persons are related persons; and the value of the person's taxable transactions is determined under Article Voluntary Registration A person who carried on taxable activity and is not required to be registered for VAT, may voluntarily apply to the Authority for such registration, if he regularly is supplying or rendering at least 75% of his goods and services to registered persons (c) 18 Registration procedure I) A person applying to register for VAT is required to do so in such a frm as is established by the implementation directives issued by the Minister of Revenue 2) Subject to Sub-Articel (8), when a person carrying out taxable transactions files an application to be registered for VAT, the Authority is required to register the person in the VAT register, and to issue a certificate of registrati( n mentioned in Sub-Article 3 below within 30 days lif the registration 3) The Authority shall issue a VAT registration certificate containing such details as: (a) the full name and other relevant details of the registered person; the date of issuance of the certificate; (c) the date from which the registration takes effect; and (d) the registered person's taxpayer identification number 4) F 1" 1 stration takes place on one of the following dates, depending on which date comes first: (a) in case of obligatory registration, on the first day of the accounting period following the month in which the obligation to apply for registration arose; in the case of voluntary registration, on the first day of the accounting pengd following the month in which the person applied for registration on the date selected by the registered person on his application for registration 5) The Authority is required to establish and maintain a VAT register containing details of all persons registered for VAT 6) If a person is required to register for VAT and has not applied to be registered, the Authority may register the person on its own initiative and send to the registered person the certificate as mentioned in Sub- Articel (2) of this Article 7) A person registered for VAT is required to use his taxpayer identification number on all VAT invoices, and on all tax returns and official communications with the Authority 8) When a person applied for voluntary registration under Article 17 the Authority can deny the application for registration if : (a) the person has no fixed place of abode or business; or the Authority has reasonable grounds to believe that the person will not keep proper records or will not submit regular and reiiable tax returns, as required under this Proclamation

16 I~'?!"(I_~I;r~i'l: tfu/'&\ ~:)/,} :)fl1t) ~'I'C (!W M, '6'1: ""} :(~r:i!j '}9" Federal Negarit Gazeta - No 33 4thJuly, Page 1847 Ijj' ')",U',ln ill\uuipi'u?(?; ḟ!' f!' (tm ;Jt/il fd1fljt\ifi:m-') "Hlf,'Y'1' f,,'uu"'''lm' (t,{"~')" 1\,f-l,L},o,/t ~(t,) ;JtJiI ffllm- ~ll"11 },'});'u' 1111\,} I\,{"(IV1\t/,} y~"f'" t\:: ~ hll11 l1"y, (1'}oiI A'}<f>~' {i f"uul\th'm ~'}f'" ml)</' If';': f,"(iv/i'''lm' (tm \1'I'(IV"ll1l1') <V} ~(>~')"(:,rl\m fy'ii'} o,(iv'} 'l1i h'hn'j"'''' 11:"'" 1)1\':" Art- f}i\:" mi:" m'ii'i' fciijrh'jldlj:,:m :Jtlil f{l'lht/\if':ld' "I'l1y"y:f m"""" 'P:J \H)e?; (lv,y Ii fo,/y,i1t\'i' UUIf""} f"'ip, ~'}fln ')""/I',I)m' ~'}~u'i'iii\'} l\uuluf"" y:,f',,/\::!:- 1\'f-(,!1,o,/t ~(l:" :JtJiI f"'fi'lcd' ')"'/1',1) UUlPlll, t? '/'1 :, fciij:(>: (IVIm f",uu"lilld' (tld' ;Jtl ii f '/h&/\if,:m"} "1'f)y"y:,}' o'/hc'ld'} 11~(lvl1')' VI :(>:')"(:' my,')" f,"(lvu'li1ld' (tld' "1'I1Y,'y:,;'},(')"*Im 11D1If'Ht-) 'lll 1\f-l,L),o,/t ~(t,) :Jt/il,rfI 'lcd' ')"'1111) ~'}~Y'I'III\'} 1111U A'}4'?, '}(}ii A'}4'~'" ~ (IU II' I :, 1\111\P-' /\ lj), IIuu 1\\H' 11 } f ""N) VI (lulu1i'i :(>:')"(:' Ylrlj /\:: ij 1\'f-l,L},o'/t ~(t) :Jtlil f"'fll ~ll"ll 11"'u'I" VI fl)l\p'/\lij" (lujl1,} f,"(/dl1;jqld"} ii~ ~c' 1\1\ 1' 'IICU(:':;' h'f-l,l}, '/t ~(t,) ;Jt/il UUl11'I1 ~IPCtlA:: f"'(lv"li1m (tm')" f"(tmld"} f')"11"ll (tc'bch-r (luuul\ii AI\(t-):: htt:t\ ilf:ii')' f ;J't/ ii ill\')' IIA'H': f:jtlil "(lu'} UU\I&t\ rl\l1')' ;"hil (i (H'(IV"''') my')" t'(/ijuu'ul'f1 "Ifo;" 111\11+ (tld' II,/lj:':m:')" t''a,n VI t'd1h&l\ld' ;J'hil na'}<f>~'?~ (IUIl'I')' ;Jtlil I1CIIJh&/\I1'}"Hlf,'} "f, I1CIIJh&I\m- :Jtlil ~lj I1A'}4'~'?;'{i UUll'I')',"<f>lj'1i f1d1f11ld' :Jtlil (Iullh/\ rl\ld' /'\f',) ~ld':: ~ I1A'H'~' n~ f'''''i''~'} f}');"sp1' 11 '1;JmCIIJ:':lD' ')"tj'}r)' uuh&a fd1:,l)ld' ;Jt/il 11;,t/il h4f (1-()/\61>} f;jt'ld' \1'I"'I\~m' fl1l\m 11D1If'Ht-) VI 'I",,'f1 I1A'}<f>~' fk f'hn4>(tm f});j' I):JtnUU(1') f'l'1'11 'l1i (H'h4~~')',,'y~I': (HlU A'}<f>~' '}oii A'}4'?,: {i n'hn<f>(tld' f'l'1n 'l1i hciijh&i\m- ;Jt/il 'J : "'P,~(:' f,h&i\a:: ;JtJ ii'} ill\tl'1<,lj~ ii {i (HUJ A'H''''' I1t'''' u);" 11/\"'lD(t~ 11i1,"4'C= /):'9):'; CDy')o Al/\"1I\"-f~; '1'-f~ "f, f'pi\"} I- CDY~ f D1lD'1\")' 1\",uuHll1m- (tm- f'}"1r: r"t ~'}""ii,cj>(t I'\IY'): ;,t/(} ftlljflj/\o'f' "111f,'f' f'hi c'cd~ih"} 111 UUIPI'} nd11' I "1 "'<f>e;'1i t'd1f 11m- hllu n;":y' h'''''i''~'} ;JC IH- f ftl f,"(/iiti 1nm- (tm- n4>if1i\')'f;rhil h'}(if,illd~~ -'tt/"t (tt",) (/DIPI'} fd1htt:l\m- ldf,~ fhltl\m-,"{jjd1t ~(t'f' ;J'hil ~m-:: u) nh,}4>~!1! O,"(/III\\l'f'lD' f'l'111 lti mya1c m-il'1' "illl):t:m- /),cj>sp':f'~c- 1\) O"',}4>~ Hi IH'UUI\ h"'ld' f'l '1,n 'lll ~'} f"'h e;(jj~ OOl/,"'m~ ;,tjii fd1flj/\ifi:ld' f/)<j>~e; h1a"1/\-""'f "'-"C(l'} fhltl\m- ;Jt/il ~m-:: Oh'(- f ;J'hta "(/II') m-ta'1' f,"(/iitll0 (tm- 'lhe; (JJ)dJo f/jft' m~9" "1A"l/\-'} A-fC(l'} m-il'1' ;J'hil r"thlao'f- "l1l~'f- h~t\-ll;j: flf~ ~ '}flf~ In oii ",afta"' (Ii) oolpl'f- I\ttU f;jt/l1 ti(/ii'} "'<f>e;'1i fo"lj'l1aj- ;J'hta OOl/,h+l\m- ht),:\'} f,ld(t~-a:: 19 Cancellation of Registration 1) A registered person is to apply to have his registration for VAT canceled if he has ceased to make texabie transactions 2) Except in situations provided for in Sub-Article (1) of this Article, a registered person may apply to have his registration for VAT canceled at any time after a period of three years of the date of his most recent registration for VAT if the registered person's total taxable transactions in the period of 12 months then beginning reasonably are expected to be not more than 500,000 Birr 3) The cencellation of VAT registration takes effect at the time the registered person ceased to make taxable transactions or, if the registered person has "not ceased to do so, at the end of the accounting period during which the person app1ies to the Authority for cancellation of VAT registrati0n in accordance with Sub-Article (2) of this Article, 4) If a person's registration for VAT is canceled, the Authority is required to remove the person's name and all other details from the VAT register and the person is required to return the issued certificate of registration SECTION 6 Calculation of Tax Payable 20 Tax Payable for Tax Period 1) The amount of tax payable for any accounting period by a person who is registered or is required to register is the difference between the amount of tax charged on taxable transactions in accordance with Article 7 and the amount of tax creditable under Article 21 2) In cases described in Article 13, where VAT payable exceeds VAT actually indicated by the registered person, the amount of the excess is treated as VAT due for the accounting period in which the event referred to in Article 16 occurred and is added to the amount of tax payable for the accountirg period under Sub-Article (1) of this Article 21 Tax Credit I) Except as otherwise provided in this Article, the amount of VAT that is creditable is the amount of VAT payable (paid) by a registered person in respect of tax invoices or Customs Declarations issued to the person for: (a) imports of of goods that take place during the current accounting period under Article 14; and taxable transactions involving the supply of goods or rendering of services that are considered to take place during the current or preceding accounting period under Article 11, where the goods or services are used or are to be used for the purpose of the registered person's taxable transcations 2) Where only a part of the supplies made by a registered person during a tax period are taxable transactions, the amount of tax creditable under Sub- Article (1) for that period is determined as follows:

17 'IX' iiil:~~y'ij~~ JYIrA ~;M""?HtTJ ~1'C o!ir (t~?)?;"'') Ii!fjg q9" Federal Negarit Gazeta - No 33 4th July Page 1848 I:'!!?; u) n,'i';}' ;1'tJll i\dtht~i1} "HI:e,"" ftfji\ld-1 h:"cfl"" td~9" td1h1c f1l} ij:j' I1Dt(1Di\h,: I\h:"Cfl-f; td~9" tdfh1c i\1l}ld- ij:j' f-t-hti\ld- ;JtJll uo-i\ nod'1\- 1''''Cj7i "1"tlf1 ~fi;j~:: t\) h;jtj(}- '1" 1\If '1a>- "111~'} fcpi\a>-1 h:"cfl')' tdf9 tdfh1c f11l ij:j>nowjuul\h'}:i\h:"cflt: td~9 tdfh'le I\'IIlCD' ij4> f"'h~i\a>- ;J'hll,,'''',,'7i hffi"i9":: m) ;JtJll i\dtht~fh' "Cj h;jtj(}- '1" 1\1f~ "I11~'" 'f 11;Jt fcp1\a>-1 h :,C fl) CD~9" tdfh1c f1l} ij:j' I1OWJ(1Dl\h, I\h:"Cfl": td~9" tdfh1c i\11la>- ij4>ft'h~i\ld- ;JtJll "1Jt'" Cj'1II 1\cryy:I "I 'Un fowj h 4~~ 11 ) f1n f'1fl5p'f OWJtll'}C nowjftdfljcd' upuutr ftd(i,,'~:: "''1'''''1\,,'uul\ ht:} f'hl~1\ ;JtJ fi,,(rli hf?,f I"19 :: u) h'1ll"'~: fuu')1f~ cry~~'lf "7ihCt1t ri\cd' (ltd tdfh1e i\ll1f1ld- tdf9 nh1c ld-fl'i' i\i1'i td'1ld-"l,n~'" fhti\a>-1 ;JtJfI nowjuul\h'): ii f I\"}'),,lii1Ct1t5P1' nuuj'i'l' "1 f'lu td~9 ncryhtf'} f1",f: Fl, f"'lpcryt td~9",,lihetlta>-') f'ii/cd' I\'LU- 1"'Y: Fl, "1"ta>-~ tl~if'1 nll"''''c: ~ UU11f1f:r:1 I1cry~~l' f1",yo' "'''IIlC 'If?, f"'lpcryt CD~9" t7ihct1ta>-1 f'ii/cd',,(; t,4> Yo'f"'(lmCD' l\'lv' ')"IYo' Ft "')JtCD'A tt~if'1 nfl"''''c: t\) h h 1C CD'll'1' f,t'111")' ldf9" ldfh 1C f'l f1"} ;JtJll fdtht~ff':cd' ij:j'5p1' "'i h'i~"i"y1' l\upl/"'~ ldf9" l\up'ucj~ h'i~"i""'} fcpi\' ncry 1f1fH 1IL: ii' ;J'hllh4~ nupl/"'~ h1~"1""')' ')"'Yo' Ft a>-fl'i' f,tlpowjt td~9" h:"cfl": tdftjo ldfh1c f1f1a>- ij:j' f11"1yo' Ft "'):"fi,4>()a>- 'If'} ;JtJl1 i\owjh~afft:a>fuu1/(i?': Ft5P"1' fowjld-a t1aif'1 Illl"''''c: ~ ;J'hfl h4~ ;J'hll fcry_h~afh' f)t')fi ;rc,), h1~"1""'} f1upllm'} f1"1yo' r't, 'If?, f"'lpowjt hlf'1 "(i fupl/(i~a>- h1a"i""'l l\up11f1f"1' fdt(l'l' f-)t,1ll;rc:', h1a "I""'} htt~ tt~if'1 I1ll"''''C: i\1u-fi h1"'~ (E) ht,o9"; u) "fup11f~ OWJ~~'tf 'f'7ihctlt " cryi\'} t ""~ ht 11;1'1' flf~ up11f1f'f1 cry~~l/ fdt1'a,t'7ihct1t fltf1: f'c11 ;JI1S ri\:r:cd'1"7ihct1 t 5P1' ~bq,9" t~::,,) "UU1/Cj~" OWJI\} l11'upt/111 ()a>- fowjhcjld1 ;JtJll ~OWJht~n'} f1"1yo' Fl, h1yo' tjtt:~ If';': n,'i';}' CD~9" 111't/CPtfJt i\owj(ita>-tjo "''I (la>fdt"'c11 9""111: upm'l': }9"l}If: cryl~,f: upf(i;r td~9" crycjtld-9" ~~'1} upfi"'1"1p '1a>-:: nh1"'~ Ic 111'uPi\h-f;:" u-);j'5p'f: I1h1Yo' "I'fl~')' f;j'hll h1ii~ll td~9" f,9"",tj "ttj'itflf'1 'I~ f't'odi\h1'ld- ;t-tjll I1IUJ "I11~} 'I~ i\ht~ hdt11lld- ;1'tJll 11~(f\ f1'11 "1fIf'1 I111A"'"l f ;J'fa>- f11t/11 ODm1 I1h1"'~' IE f"'odf\11'#'a>fhtouul1:" f'l '111 'ut a>-fl'i' i\'f'upt/1 {la>- (la>- "1"t"'''''1f1 ~1I;J~:: ~u-1 "1){ h:"cfl-f; 'IA"'OD t/1fl (la>- flf'1 "111f'1: fh1a61i} f;t-fld- ;J'hfl 1\11flD- tt~1'odi\(i' I1ll1''''C OI/"'Cj'1ll "1"tfI"I h~~'" f:tjo:: (a) in respect of a supply or import received whichis directlyallocable to the making of taxable transactions, the full amount of tax payable in respect of the supply or import shall be allowed as a credit; in respect of a supply or import received which is directly allocable to the making of exempt transaction no amount of tax payable in respect of the supply or import shall be allowed as a credit, or shall be allowed as a credit; or (c) in respect of a supply or import received which is used both for the making of taxable and exempt transactions, the niles of apportionment of the credit shall be determined by a directive to be issued by the Minister or Revenue, 3) No credit is allowed for VAT: (a) on a taxable transaction to, or import by, a person of a passenger vehicle: I) unless the person is in the business of dealing in, or hiring of, such vehicles, and the vehicle was acquired for the purposes of such business, or 2) unless theperson is engaged in the business of transporting passengers for hire and the vehicle was acquired and is licensed for that purpose; on a taxable transaction to, or import by a person of goods or services acquired for the purposes of entertainment or providing entertainment, unless- I) the person is in the business of providing entertainment andthe supply or import relates to the provision of taxable transactions involvingentertainmentin the ordinary course of that business; or 2) the person is in the business of providing taxable transactions involving transportation services and the entertainment is provided to passengers as part of the transportation services; or 4) For purposesof Sub-Article (3): (a) "passenger vehicle" means a road vehicle designed or adapted fonhe transport of eight or fewer seated persons, including a double cab vehicle, and "entertainment" means the provision of food, beverages, tobacco, accommodation, amusement, recreation, or hospitality of any kind by a registered person whether directly or indirectly to any person in connection with a taxable activity carried on bythe registered person S) In cases provided for in Article 13, where VAT incidated in the VAT invoice or Customs Declaration for a transaction exceeds VAT payable OD this transaction, the registered person is allowed a credit for the amount of the excess in the accounting period in which the event referred to in Article 13 occurred, except that if the supply was made to a person who is not a registered person, no credit is allowed unless the excess tax has be,en repaid to the recipient of the supply

18 '/"; (;)":"""111/ l'/'a '1:1/:t':JII"1 '/:'\'1: I!i!: M?i"j,,/") hith! 'HI" Federal :\egant Gazeta - No 33 4th July, Page 1849 '/; ;,> \",/'(,11,(1'11~,IV/' :")t(} U/"t, I\Y, II'Pt\U:,',V; U:",I\ \,,(1'1(/U 1/'''' I I'll'" IwU(/U'I/',U' U&,:" I)fI:/, (},l':(}:/' mi:" (I) (}'I' t\"'f':(d h'i IH'(/uI/"UU'''' ofl:/' 11(',/':1-(" I"Cfl(l7:,T 0:"9J',f, (\"lrc:"a 0:"9":;,,; (,11,9"1:') \"11/1'1(1) (1),\',9" flji(,:a \,,(1'/:"1(1)' :")/11 1l1I1J >,'i'/'x' (/UI#'I:" IH'(/uI/"UU:,' "/1 I)fI(I)' \,,(/u:(>:(/ui,f \""/""'1 "11, """'i'{i y,yi"/fi:"a:: \,,(1)(,1,1, ';"IY: \""'1'1' (1'/111:";': I"C1~:', fi(i'i~i:~1:9" 11(1)('1(1)' >,In':, "~'I'C ~r~~i!! :(!!t~!i IH'\'','I"(I)' (/U/I'I:" \",/,(/ul\'{i "'I'I'I"C1~:', '#'tn:,,(i'i \"11", 1)(1)' 1l1I/J' 1"C1~,, (IIY,>,"C I) (}',I)(I) 0,<1' "y, UIIIJ >,';",X' (/U/I'I'''' \" :,),(} (I1/,"li",(} 'I',f": 1""111 II,/(/U,,'{i "'1'1' I"C1~, IIU/I'I:" \,,:,,),(},"(/U,,'{i (I'I"rr,, >,y:,'j-a9":: '6' i: "11) '1,;'','jr; 11111' >,'i'/'x' ';O'(} >,'i'/'x' (~~) ~,Ii U) Ut\'" /J'),:" IIA,/"till)', U (} ""1'1: 1'1"'(,'v''1 ~,(J,:" :1-), (} \"",(/ui/ '1I1'i :,),(} \,,(I'I,h&AU'} "I'IW:" \"(I'Ifl"/,l': 1)(1)' 0 :" 9J:':'; (I),f9" >," A "/fi"'y:,:'; 1'11''1,('</'0111'1:" (1m i~!~ ii?; Y,I (I:~ (/U(}m,, A fi U,, :: fi' f't,\,o'11 ~,(J,:/, :1-)/ II,('A",(/uI/'1/1 (1(1) f'/-l,l},i''1 h(j:'" :")'11,l',I(I:~ (/Ullm'''' >,,(':f'a9":: f /"t1i,t''1 ~,(J :, :") I (} f1 (I:~ \"'1119J'"" (1'/'1II 'h: U(I'I,lIJ (I ',(I)' I~,("'I:" fl''i1i'j:~: (/'1;' : ""I'fI" \',"(/UflIH;:"'; (/ul:~'9j"f' fl''1y,'" Y,IJ'liA :: /I) \""'IIUI/',II(I)"; (1(1) h'i f',:fr(d"; OU'fI' 119" ~,'}';/J'9" h,k'j"~ (/Dml,f(D' f"t\f lun f"'(/ui/" 11(1)'; (1(1) f';"i,l': (}9" : t\) f"'iiui/',/1(1)"} (1(1)' hli f":)'f(d"; (/ut\j' "!'I'C :,It) \",/"tlv''1 h(j,')' :J-)I(} f9",w,1} o,'(:-':&,h,:" h'; f'l-f)m/1'''''} 'V; : (/u) f"':}:wm"; tj:j> my,tj" f"'(lm(l)"; A"Aolfl"'''' (/U m I,f : 'I') :1-)/0' f"'lh&a/1'''''} only,:" 'P:J : I) "I'/1Y,,; \"'/'&I'IIU/1')' tj:j> \"h)i'" y,'" :")1 II t"/'ii& 1'1/1:" Ol'''} t'l,)i"w;" :")10"; (/Um'; : M :")I(} \"I"Ih&A/1'''' ""/1Y,'''' I\Y, t'(i'l&fi'hd"} \,,'/-l,l},i''1 h(j,')' :")I(} : i'i) t' '/-l,i1,u'l1 h(j,,, :")1 (} f1 O:~ t' "'om /1''''';,"'; : ",) \"'/'iii, 'l1 h(j,'''' :")I(} fio:~ "'h:":"y, "~'I'C : :")1 (} h4f tj"'w"} m y,9" A" A /fl"";'} fii"i'i'/m, OW' "',"'w,') 11<1'1/1/1')' my,tj" k,ao1f\'''/;'} /10 m 1)0)' '111t"f'lL}, '11 hlb'''' :")HI fi(i:~ (/DIItn'''',('1'11)0)'O,If') : /1 '1li:,:wtj" u,),:" fi(i'f'} "I'IIY,"; h'f'i'yf ha9"(}')' ",Ii')' /11\l' '14>t"'" Al'"""Atju :: (}')O'(} A'H''''' (?;) hli t~) l}of'f ~,'W, IIUII'I'} ""n}',; f:"hll fio:~ t'o'/l'mfr/l'} I\Aln /1(}""#,(: (l'}o'(} A')<I'''''?i (/DO'I'} f:")lll J'IN~,('t\"'omlD' f,"(/ui/'ill ',:fr : A:"CP"; th'&,o(/u/l'} "") "'ill'" n~~ "") 'lil ld-(}1' fi(ff} UUlllt'p Y,-:;'''A :: }'tj'j'fci: ffi"'ld- f,"(/dii1nld- Apt-Il 1'1<1:lD' nf,lold- /li~ "''i 'lil ld'(}1' 1'1"'&OUUW' :"h(} t'o'j,h(,a(}o)' "Nl}'')' fi"':~ f(/u(}m'} o,yo:" "M}o)' :: f,'-(/di/'iuld- "11' :,tjll 1'1O'/,h&,A IH "l'/le~'} f"'omld' f:,tio fi"'~ CPlip:{flll<i-n,} h'}fl1'~ f,"ooh1nld-"pt-n "p:{" fo'j,a "la"" 9"Ah'} no'jf'l"l p:{ld-'} t\omld- l'-:;'i\a :: 22 6) A person who registers for VAT after the introduction of VAT shall be entitled to credit under this Article in the first accounting period in which the person is registered for VAT paid or payable on goods (including capital goods) that are on hand on the date of registeration, but only to the extent that the purchase or import of the goods occurred not more than six months prior to the date of registration 7) A beneficiary of the Duty Draw-Back Scheme under Proclamation No249/2001: A Proclamation to Establish Export Trade Duty Incentive Scheme, is not entitled to a refund of VAT paid on impqrts under that scheme to the extent that the beneficiary claims a credit under this Article for tax on imports Tax Invoices I) Except as otherwise provided in Sub-Articles (6) and (7) of this Article, a person registered for VAT that carries out a taxable transaction is required to issue a VAT invoice to the person who receives the goods or services A person who is not registered for VAT does not have the right to issue a tax invoice 2) A VAT invoice is a document execuled in the form stipulated by the Minister of Revenue and containing the following information: (a) full name of the registered person and the purchaser, and the registered person's trade name, if different from the legal name, (h) taxpayer identification number of the registered person and the purchaser, (c) number and date of the VAT registration certificate; (0) name of the goods shipped or services rendered; (e) amount of the taxable transaction; (t) amount of the exise on excisable goods; (g) sum of the vat due on the given taxable transaction; (h) the issue det if the VAT invoice, and (i) serial number of the VAT invoice 3) The registered person is required to issue the VAT invoice to the purchaser of goods or services upon the supply or rendering, but not later than 5 days after the transaction, 4) Except when a tax invoice is not required under Sub-Articles (6) and (7), a registered recipient who has not received a tax invoice as required under Sub-Article (1) may request, in writing within 60 days after the date of the supply, the registered supplier to provide a tax invoice in respect of the taxable transaction, and the supplier must comply within 14 days after receiving the request '5) Where a registered recipient claims to have lost the original tax invoice for a taxable transaction, the registered supplier may provide a copy clearly marked "copy"

19 ,,, ;ij":~~f:f~'ut,l\ ~:Jt} '1,1"14!'I'C c!j! I'll n,, Iuf71i,, r;t?; :~ 1110-'" "1,X- (~) fi'f"11m-' "1f"'mO, Iflfj f,,,ooil1f1m- flm- f'''qjdj~,,1\, :1-11'" h4f "AIf)' 11(sP";f o";f'c:j:c' 'l)f ():1'sP";f'1t;"1A,1\ r'a ";f') f1d?,f''''c'jfh VI: 'H'Q;}DJ~ XI\"" ;1'hll 'lfl~?"'}'11 f1htt:t' flfl~ td~9" I\"lP/C "'''A tf'i 'H'II'11 f'#-i"1 7~ "I\} ;1'1111'~fI:~ "1Jl m-l'?" f"i1jji:f D?~II'h: f)ooou,?,f' ILtl:"Y: f:f'''au I\":"Cf1')' fo?htli\td tp,? m:""" hne :( fo?f, f)a'i' I1DJI'1,H VI f"'oo,,m ()CD'I\1f1J ~f,,,: f'r~ '1")11'11'nr6f1' YI{I:~ foullm": ",IY;J' c/'/, "')JlVH) f"i1sp:f O?~II')'C nuuou(r 1L6'}t': f':j""a :: f),~',m- III\o?{lf){I'11 ;J'I111 ;1' I1h'}'f-A-,r "'1'( rai,,i; I\"'(,L), 7/ "11) ;J'hll,rA','oull111 {ltd f)'lij "')c/''''' ')011 "')c/''''' (~) I\""MOlD' f:)ii~: 1I"')'f'A'J' (D II'l' ""A"1I\u,), fflm "')ftf, f"'{lm(d ""A"1I\u,}, fiilu "')c/''''' OUlPl'}' ;J-t,1I f-h6ai1;j'a :: ~ I\IlIJ "')c/"" "6'109" "f')ii~:" fo?iii\m- II"'}' f'a'r CD'II'I' 1\'#-11), 7( "11) ;J'hll f,,'ouii',1i o'n~en'9" flen CDf9" IIh'}'f'A'r "'1'( flf, DJ'g:(D9" fill, flm-'i-} rl\en' J':C:f-')',en :: t, "1"''''' (:~) fh'f""',m- ""\:\') I,Aln IIII,,'+C n"')'f-a'r "tp~ l\ln {Ien fo?c/'cn ""A"'I\'}' 11"')"'X- :j; OUlPl')' 1,;J'hll,, IIA'" Y11 ':)I1~(D I1h'}'f'A',r "'1'( "Alnen (1m hd?h6i\m- 'nlln "f ;Jt,(}) c/")(\ o'/ilc/'i')' "I\,H :: tuma fd?:,'im- :J'hll f '/lij{i')fh' 11,('0 fd?hi'}'c'':j'?uhc fl,}' 1IO?,rlDflW)' f:hi fcd{i'ia :: ~i' f:)i1~:m- I\'h,L)'O?( "11) ;J'hll f"'ou,,m Illn "'-Iern f""11m- ;J'h II,nf": 1\,"I'~fn ) f'ut'f1,u f ;1'1111O?II:J'lDtr 11D?c/'cn,H CD'}")' l\11i\, Afl)) "11 00'1"1 "",H,:: f"'('l)'o,//, "/'t')' ;J'I111 I1tt:,f'f"tlOOOf1'}- lp, Yo'"1 f"'tw 7/ "11) ;1'hll 'lfl~ fd?"'mc "c,' f)"1,x-?;;! ')011 "1"''''' fi OOlPl} l\, 1 f)~(j) f'#-ilbo?( "11) ;J'hll,,c,'7i ou'fh fo?ril1~i\')',m- :: (; Y1f1;;:(D 1\'#-11), 7( "11,) :J'I111 ra,,'oull1f) f1d?1f1fj-} '111,,c,'7i ryl1td'1 :J'hll "'1' "AIf,m- flm- htt:,f'm-1 f1<oouf1c!i(lp"t'j),c,'} / m-ll'i' t'1i1sp";f DJ~II'}'C 'I ldflj(d' f "6 Y09" oooo~,f' 'H'ool\IJ-I'm- OOlPl'}' 1ft fo?yo'l"l "IYo:J "l\f)"" ::?;, f1h""f-a',f',cp~,f'aif, flm- 111l"" ftf, oo""(,f' (Df9" {):1' l\h/f tdf "1C f10?1'jfj-} VI "c,' 1\h/f fd?h6l\m- 11tt:,f' "'&I),O?t,,1\,)' ;J'hll fdjh<ao"" fltf1 : 'HI/f f')f\'h1l":') 1I?"9"'I-} fi,f'1~ {)4>m-lDf9" ou,t,f'm- ld' ",C f)o?1ihj-}' 1,1 fh6l\m- ;t'i111 i''''c,'7i "1 "11\"" ILmf:" ft"a Jl, l 1/ 1-U 0D?tf1fJ-}' 111 "'I)tf "1' :J'I111h4f fd?"'mc fltf1 f1"'fl)f 1IO?'l1m- f1-nl"" D?lIi'''l\tt: l\,qj0?( "I\'}- :J'I1I1I1tt:,f' ~"4 1-1ft;Au :~ f1h'}'f-a-,f',cp~,f'aif,m- "1A,tt-+ flq "1"'"" r ooull"" (Df "1C OtIJ1t1-"1A "Itt-y";f "f fi'fl)l\m-1 :t'1111fh6l\ "1flfi fu "1,"" f1""'t u "1 A, tt-yt "1-,6 'D? "ftf1 9" II Federal Negarit Gazeta - No334th July Page ) Subject to Sub-Article (7) in the case of a registered person's supply of goods or rendering of services at retail to purchasers who are not VAT registered persons, the Minister of Revenue may by directive provide that a receipt or simplified fonn of VAT invoice may be used instead of a VAT invoice 7) The Minister of Revenue may by directive waive a registered person' s obligation to issue a receipt or tax invoice for cash sales if the total consideration for the entire supply does not exceed 10 birr l3 Revene Taxation 1) If a nonresident person who is not registered for VAT in Ethiopia renders services in Ethiopia for a customer described in Sub-Article (2) of this Article the rendering of services is taxed according to this Article 2) For purposes of this Artick a customer is any person registered in Ethiopia for VAT or any resident legal person 3) Except as provided in Sub-Article (7), in a case where Sub-Article (1) of this Article applies unless the service is exempt from tax under Article 8 jf it is provided to an Ethiopian supplier, the customer shall withhold the tax from the amount payable to the non-resident The amount of tax is determined by a method of calculation to be detennined by Regulations issued by the Council of Ministers 4) If the cutomer is registered for VAT, the withheld tax is payable at the time for filing of the VAT return for the accounting period in which the transaction took place The payment document for payment of the withheld tax is considered to be a VAT invoice, and gives the customer the right to a VAT credit according to Article 21 Sub-Article (1) 5) If the customer is not registered for VAT he is required to pay the witheld tax in the manner prescribed by the implementation directives issued by the Minister of Revenue within 30days of the date of payment to the non-resident 6) In the case of the import of property owned by a nonresident for lease, where the lease payments are subject to VAT under this Article the lessee may claim a VAT credit for the tax paid on the import upon the agreement of the nonresident owner In this event, the lessee is treated as the taxpayer and is responsible fot VAT paybale upon the subsequent supply of the property 7) This Article does not apply to an import of services to the extent that the nonresident supplier of the services pays thp tax imposed on the import services under Sub-Article (3)

20 'IX'?iiL:q~:Ui 6Y"ttI ~:J/'} :JW" 'J;'J' : If);: I'\), Ii:;' 'J"} nwi!! 'HI", Federal Negarit Gazeta - No 334'1' July, Page 1851 r;-ii' IImilA ~"'/tl~~'''' {)i\o<jh'jw'} <I"IIY,:",,?! ~,'}~' w ka WtlJ' (llnw "CD' {)'}u'i f)wt,~ :,t'j"'ji o:"9j',)' \,"'/1>L'1I wj''}u ~"A<lM"r:'}" t' u{)m:" P'(, 'phljw~ },'HJ(/", IIwtlt' t"hlliw~ <I"'IY:" If':',t','hn('A:: mhi\",' ;,tj{) h~y t'tr~w wtlj:' /Ji\,:'}" IHUJ ~tp:{):ou'pl:" i\o<jhti\cd' ;,),{) ;"I\t, ytflj i\'::,!{ mili\' i\(i)tl\" \'''mw''} k,a<i,i\":,' ()-I'Oui'\t, t'/iu },'}<I'0' '}lj{) ~'}<I)X' (?!) J!:'}:J'I, "ti/"'l hy,if'},}o :: i~' ~'f'/' 1\A 11"6 i\,i'l-j,},u'l/ ~I'I", ;,),{J f)h,:,'y'a',f' (I)'{)'I' I\A,"(Jul/'lfl "CD' ',II'/ flln wh/\ ~"'/t,;\~:, han"i (l)j'' ~,"'t'~a',f' i\',fl' t'j:"9)")" "'/IU },'}<I'X' 'ilj{) ~,'}<I'X' (?!),\J:'i:n "t'i"'l ~YII"},}" ::?!i: A\' (':'}:n IIII!J ~,'I' ~(>: l':',,~n9j1" I\Y "'(Ju{)cr t't'j\':a tln'h(" {I"'" ;1"} : \,(\"'hn : \''1-1' mhi\":)'-'} },"/\"M":" : /HIII'Oi'; \''''/,('1''1'} '{i,(j6/b :,(J"i\"i\' t'j:"9)')''} '{i,(j6/,b I },'},I;IJ''j'' t'(\,(\:}' ~:},~,{):"/9):}"'} ;"h{) t'(/uht/\ "Il';" "'/{)I\:" ~();,::JI fltl'lll"} f):" '111 ~~/ItJ },},(, 1191,)' },Ij ~,;"cf1r:}'- \"J'l(Ju;(H' ho'(,c: n"f)9):}" "'/%{)}c f)<j'l(i)fi' (/U(/u/,t' Y(I)"'iA :: )",:A () I)'''' \' ;,),,, },()"'!;,\"C: p'c:i~:', r;'?;- :Hlt) {)f\ii'/{);hn1'lj ()f\(ju),ta }"t'vn,v, \",,(/ul/"fl "CD' : - f! u) m,'}(': \"1/\'11 '1/1CD'{)'" ;,),it t'ouhta ""\,,,:,!~ i> ii t'(\i1'''' fllf'},}" '1l',II"}'}" f)?t,f'}!;"},a; t"i/hl '111 'I')I} i\;")'{) IIi\pJA("~' ti'/{)':"w1' : i\) f\}"t"}!;"},~ t"//i'fl '111 t"""mcd"} t' UlLI,I;'j ;,,),{) (Ju),&y "IL ',r,fl m'ii,r :,),,,'} (/u)'&/\ : ~,f\ 11'''' :: f\},("j,ln,i; f'l/h) '1/1 t"h,li,ii?/ ~I'I,,} :,),{) ti,/{);" ""':f (/uq'i'1i f't\(h' hiu,) 'tllcd',,,,,,,,, f'i\m' wc f(ju/i,illj ""} htl?i\4 flt,,) ~CD':: m,'}<i'x' ))~ '}lj{) ~'}<I'X' (!O ",h" ~'}r"'r~"',m' t''j'''i/',i)(i)' "'&XII'l~'''' (I),{J :'11\ fo<j,p(, flll'lli"}i1'''' '1// f,"(jui/"fl(l)' "CD' '}",,,,,'Im' h"'lxlifl:" 'li1 ~,'} (),r :,), () i\ ti'lhta IFI:CD' "fly,r:}' :,),,,'} f(/l')'&a "IY,,:" f'i\(h' ""I"} : t':")'{) ~,"Ii~{) "'&XII'I \,1I'lIf'} f)}'} p'c'h uu,pt:" fl"'lj~'i'" f;")'{) '}(i'{i Yt"'\':f\;"A :: hlltj,}u n'h,lt"?/ h/ltj :JC \",t'f/l',fly,r'i', t'",(/ul/',lim "CD' f)(/u:c>:ou/"f' IpJ'lJ,,'Cflm t"{if'6ib 1 11 o<j{):j'w,,=f' I\Y (/U :J't"} f"''j'c/ff:w "lr'} : "NIy"y,:,:t"{if'61h 1I?{):hlJ'I:,f'co' f)1i'j'(jut\)/'i'{i)' cm:?t}r"tl~)', Y""m('A :: YIU f)1i711"iih' 'IIL t'"aull"l)m "CD' t"iif6lb "~no"'{):j' lli":j'9j;,: I\Y i\,aui\h";'} <I"l)y,r:}' t't-lltii?/ ~fi')' ;,),{) ri";~ ti'lu'j:~:'},':j'1\1:\ :: W,I) t'j:"9)i' I\,f,"'lLIO'//?tfl')' :,tj{) t'o'/"i)"l)m lliltj ~'PJJ:?t(i I)n,}t"A'f t','}";),,'h'" t',?";)! "'1'1' f\(/um"'} (H'III'Jco, P'C~'} au~'i'} I),'}o';h l)i\raaj'} ~w :: rt/; :")1 () ",oui\'{i {)i\""! f:i'"?!' \'lllj ~'}"'X' i\tt":}' Y:'},'J'I9'':j,?t'}r'hnl)": InCD' \""(/"1/',1) "CO, I)~'H~' t''i"1) 'lil (I)n')"'X' ~i,'}o{j ~'}<I'X' (~) (au) th'aui'\th'cd' I){)"''''C) th'icd~cd' :Jot, () t'1i'1htaih' ",I)Y} tp:j CD'{)1' nr'} ()?!?; TC"'}')' I)II{~ f""{)h~,r Ah :,tj{j fo'/h~ai)-)' thf~ f,aul/',i)co' "CD' IHIA;i6J, t"h'~i\ld"} "tj{j ho<jf"j' t'''h': 1I'1{)t~ n: 1) '1ff11 'rj'<l:w-1 qcj'li) I)ll-i\} wc 'UL CD{)1' t'''n)t: n{)'h1w- I)i\P'AfIJ'} IHlU t''a1) 'tll t\hta ho'/11)m' :"h{) I)I\J:' t"h'~i\w-1'i?t'}-'toui\{j f'hnf,w-'} :J'h{) ou(/iji\fl ~i\(h':: 24 Transaction by Agent 1) A supply of goods or rendering of services by a person as agent ("proxy") for another p~rson ("principal") on behalf and on instruction of that other person is considered as a transaction made by the principal Both Agent principlal shall be held liable to pay the tax according to the provisions of this Proclamation 2) Sub-Article (1) of this Article does not apply to services rendered by an agent to the principal 3) Sub-Article ( 1) of this Articledoes not apply to the supply of goods in Ethiopia ~y a resident agent of a non-resident person who is not registered for VAT in Ethiopia In this case for purposes of VAT the supply is considered as carried out by the agent 25 SpeciillRules When the rules in the Proclamation are difficult to apply, to calculate the tax liability of suppliers of gambling, lottery, and travel agent services, sales on commission, sales of second-hands, and supplies of other industries, Ihe Minister of Revenue may issue directives governing these suppliers or supplies Section 7 Administrative procedures 26 Filling of Tax Return and payment of VAT I) Every registered person is required: (a) to file a VAT return with the Authority for each accounting period, whether or not tax is payable in respect of that period; to pay the tax for every accounting period by the deadline for filing the VAT return 2) The VAT return for every accounting period shall be filed no later than the last day of the calendar month following the accounting period 3) In cases where a registration takes place with retoractive effect under Article 18, Sub-Article (4)(c), the registered person is required to pay VAT for taxable transactions taking place since the coming into effectt of the registration and is entitled to a VAT credit according to credit procedures for registered persons In addition, the corresponding transactions are tobe retlected on the first return filed bythe registered person and are considered as taking place during the month to which the return relates In this event the registered person is entitled to issue VAT invoices for the transactions shown on the return 4) VAT on taxable imports is collected by the Ethiopian Customs Authority in accordance with this Proclamation and the customs legislation of Ethiopia under the procedure contemplated for customs duty 27 VATRefund 1) Subject to this Article, if at least 25 percent of the value of a registered person's taxable transactions for the accounting period (other than under Article 7 Sub-article (2)(d) is taxed at a zero rate, the Authority shall refund the amount of VAT applied as a credit in excess of the amount of VATcharged for the accounting period within a period of twomonths after the registered person files an application for refund, accompanied by documentary proof of payment of the excess amounts

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