INDEX FOR RISK MANAGEMENT

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1 INDEX FOR RISK MANAGEMENT RESULTS 2016

2

3 WELCOME Welcome to the INFORM (Index for Risk Management) 2016 global results report. INFORM is a way to understand and measure the risk of humanitarian crises and disasters, and how the conditions that lead to them affect sustainable development. This is the second annual report of INFORM. Since last year, we have made some changes to the INFORM methodology. We have improved the way that conflict risk is measured and the model now includes new probabilistic assessments of most natural hazards. We have also changed the way countries are categorised. Previous versions of INFORM simply placed an equal number of countries into four risk categories (very high, high, medium and low). Now, we use a technique called cluster analysis to place countries into categories based on their mutual similarities and we have added a fifth risk category (very low). These changes also apply at the dimension and category level and will help us track risk better from year to year. Any changes in the INFORM methodology are always applied to at least five previous years of data, so trend analysis is still valid. In this way we can continue to improve the model, while maintaining continuity. You can find more details about these changes in the User Guide and Methodology documents, which are available on the INFORM website. During 2015, we made significant progress in applying the INFORM methodology at subnational scale. This has involved working with partners to develop INFORM models tailored to specific regions and countries. From 2016, we will be supporting local lead organisations and their partners to develop INFORM Subnational models and validate them to global standards. Some examples of the models are shown in this report and you can find new guidance about the process on the INFORM website. 1

4 INFORM 2016 INFORM MEASURES THE RISK OF HUMANITARIAN CRISES AND DISASTERS IN 191 COUNTRIES COUNTRY RISK 3 YR TREND Afghanistan 7.9 COUNTRY RISK 3 YR TREND China 4.3 COUNTRY RISK 3 YR TREND Guinea-Bissau 4.0 Albania 2.9 Colombia 5.6 Guyana 2.8 Algeria 4.8 Comoros 2.7 Haiti 6.0 æ Angola 4.2 Congo 3.5 æ Honduras 4.5 Antigua and Barbuda 2.3 Congo DR 6.9 æ Hungary 2.0 Argentina 2.4 Costa Rica 3.3 Iceland 1.2 Armenia 3.2 Côte d'ivoire 4.6 India 5.6 Australia 2.3 Croatia 2.4 Indonesia 4.6 Austria 1.7 Cuba 2.5 Iran 4.6 Azerbaijan 3.8 æ Cyprus 2.8 Iraq 7.2 Bahamas 2.0 Bahrain 0.8 Bangladesh 5.9 Czech Republic 1.6 Denmark 0.9 Djibouti 4.4 Ireland 1.5 Israel 2.5 Italy 2.9 The depic and Europ Barbados 1.6 Belarus 1.9 Dominica 2.6 Dominican Republic 3.6 Jamaica 2.8 Japan Belgium 1.2 Belize 3.1 Ecuador 4.3 Egypt 4.6 æ Jordan 3.8 Kazakhstan 2.1 Ve Benin 3.5 El Salvador 3.5 Kenya 6.2 Bhutan 2.9 Equatorial Guinea 2.7 Kiribati 4.5 Bolivia 3.2 Eritrea 4.8 Korea DPR 4.4 Bosnia and Herzegovina 4.0 Estonia 1.1 Korea Republic of 1.7 Botswana 3.1 Ethiopia 6.4 Kuwait 2.0 Brazil 3.4 Fiji 3.2 Kyrgyzstan 3.3 Brunei Darussalam 1.1 Finland 0.6 Lao PDR 4.2 Bulgaria 2.5 France 2.7 Latvia 1.6 Burkina Faso 4.8 Gabon 2.6 Lebanon 5.1 Burundi 4.6 Gambia 2.9 Lesotho 3.9 Cabo Verde 2.7 Georgia 3.9 Liberia 4.0 Cambodia 4.0 Germany 1.9 Libya 5.9 Cameroon 4.6 Ghana 3.0 Liechtenstein 1.1 Canada 2.7 Greece 2.6 Lithuania 1.4 Central African Republic 8.3 Grenada 1.9 Luxembourg 0.7 Chad 6.0 Guatemala 5.1 Macedonia FYR 2.8 Chile 3.1 Guinea 5.1 Madagascar 4.9 INFORM RISK INDEX Very low Low Medium High Very High Not included in INFORM 2 KEY Stable Increasing risk æ Decreasing risk

5 The depiction and use of boundaries are not warranted to be error free nor do they necessarily imply official endoresment or acceptance by the Unites Nations and European Union. COUNTRY RISK Malawi 4.2 Malaysia Maldives 3 YR TREND COUNTRY RISK 3 YR TREND Papua New Guinea Paraguay Peru 4.4 COUNTRY RISK Sudan 3 YR TREND 7.2 Suriname 2.6 Swaziland 3.1 ction and use of boundaries are not warranted6.6 to beæerror free nor do they necessarily imply endoresment Nations Mali Philippines 5.2 official Sweden or acceptance by the 1.1 Unites pean Union. Malta 1.7 Poland 2.1 Switzerland 1.4 ery low Marshall Islands 4.2 æ Qatar 5.0 Syria Romania 2.9 Tanzania 4.9 Medium Russian Federation High 4.7 Thailand Very high Micronesia 4.0 Moldova Republic of 3.3 Rwanda 4.4 Timor-Leste 4.1 Saint Kitts and Nevis 2.4 Togo 3.9 Mongolia 3.1 Montenegro 2.7 Saint Lucia 2.4 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Morocco Mozambique 5.9 Samoa 2.3 Myanmar Namibia 6.8 Sao Tome and Principe 3.7 Saudi Arabia Nauru 2.6 Nepal 5.1 Netherlands 1.4 New Zealand Nicaragua 2.0 Mauritania Mauritius Mexico Low Portugal 1.9 Tajikistan in INFORM Not included Tonga 3.3 Trinidad and Tobago 2.0 Tunisia 2.8 æ Turkey Turkmenistan æ Tuvalu 3.1 Senegal 4.3 Uganda 6.5 Serbia 4.0 Ukraine 5.4 Seychelles 2.3 United Arab Emirates Sierra Leone 4.3 United Kingdom Singapore 0.4 United States of America 3.2 Niger 5.7 Slovakia 1.9 Uruguay 1.8 Nigeria 6.3 Slovenia 1.4 Uzbekistan 3.3 Norway 1.0 Solomon Islands 5.6 Vanuatu 4.6 Oman 2.9 Somalia 8.7 æ Venezuela 3.8 Pakistan 6.4 South Africa 3.8 Viet Nam 3.7 Palau 2.7 South Sudan 7.9 Yemen 7.5 Palestine 6.1 Spain 2.1 Zambia 4.2 Panama 3.7 Sri Lanka 4.3 Zimbabwe 4.2-3

6 INFORM 2016 INFORM is the first global, objective and transparent tool for understanding the risk of humanitarian crises and disasters. It can help identify where and why a crisis might occur, which means we can reduce the risk, build peoples resilience and prepare better for when crises do happen. INFORM is... Available for 191 countries Free and open to all Based on the best methods and regularly updated You can use INFORM to. Prioritise countries by risk, or any of its components Decide how best to reduce risk Monitor risk trends INFORM can be adapted......for your organisation or region and the same methodology can be used for national and regional risk assessment. 4

7 HOW IT WORKS INFORM simplifies a lot of information about risk. It uses 50 different indicators to measure hazards and peoples exposure to them, vulnerability, and the resources available to help people cope. INFORM creates a risk profile for every country. Each has a rating between 0 and 10 for risk and all of its components, so its easy to compare. Components of risk covered by INFORM INFORM Access to health system Physical infrastructure Infrastructure Communication Institutional Governance Other vulnerable groups Uprooted people Vulnerable groups Aid dependency (25%) Inaquality (25%) Socioeconomic Development & deprivation (50%) Projected conflict risk Current conflict intensity Components Human Drought Flood Tropical cyclone Earthquake Tsunami Natural Categories capacity Vulnerability DRR Hazard & exposure Dimensions Get the results... INFORM results are available at where you can: download a spreadsheet with all the results, calculations and source data; view and print country profiles; explore the data interactively; and find out more about how INFORM works and how you can use it. 5

8 INFORM 2016 RISK OF HUMANITARIAN CRISES AND DISASTERS The overall INFORM risk index identifies countries at risk from humanitarian crises and disasters that could overwhelm national response capacity. It is made up of three dimensions hazards and exposure, vulnerability and lack capacity. This map shows details for the 12 countries with the highest overall risk. INFORM 2016 RISK INDEX Sudan Syrian Arab Republic Iraq Afghanistan Risk: 7.2 Hazard: 7.1 Vulnerability: Risk: 6.6 Hazard: 8.4 Vulnerability: Risk: 7.2 Hazard: 8.5 Vulnerability: Risk: 7.9 Hazard: 8.6 Vulnerability: Central Africa Republic Risk: 8.3 Hazard: 7.8 Vulnerability: Mali Risk: 6.6 æ Hazard: 6.2 Vulnerability: DR Congo Risk: 6.9 æ Hazard: 5.3 Vulnerability: Myanmar Risk: 6.8 Hazard: 7.7 Vulnerability: South Sudan Uganda Somalia Yemen Risk: 7.9 Hazard: 6.8 Vulnerability: Risk: 6.5 Hazard: 6.1 Vulnerability: Risk: 8.7 æ Hazard: 8.8 Vulnerability: Risk: 7.5 Hazard: 8.1 Vulnerability: KEY Increasing risk Stable æ Decreasing risk Very low 6 Low Medium High Very high Not included in INFORM

9 HAZARDS & EXPOSURE This dimension of INFORM measures hazardous events that could occur and the people or assets potentially affected by them. It is made up of two categories natural hazards and human hazards. This map shows details for the 12 countries with the highest values in the hazard & exposure dimension. INFORM 2016 HAZARD & EXPOSURE DIMENSION Syrian Arab Republic Hazard: 8.4 Natural: 4.4 Human: 10.0 Iraq Hazard: 8.5 Natural: 5.1 Human: 10.0 Afghanistan Hazard: 8.6 Natural: 5.5 Human: 10.0 Pakistan Hazard: 7.5 æ Natural: 6.9 Human: 8.0 India Hazard: 7.4 Natural: 7.8 Human: 6.9 Bangladesh Hazard: 7.2 Natural: 8.6 Human: 5.0 Philippines Hazard: 8.1 æ Natural: 8.9 Human: 7.0 Mexico Hazard: 8.2 Natural: 7.1 Human: 9.0 Myanmar Hazard: 7.7 Natural: 8.2 Human: 7.0 Central African Republic Hazard: 7.8 Natural: 1.4 Human: 10.0 Somalia Hazard: 8.8 Natural: 6.2 Human: 10.0 Yemen Hazard: 8.1 Natural: 2.7 Human: 10.0 KEY 0 Very low Low Medium 10.0 High Very high Not included in INFORM Increasing risk Stable æ Decreasing risk 7

10 INFORM 2016 VULNERABILITY This dimension of INFORM measures the susceptibility of people to potential hazards. It is made up of two categories socio-economic vulnerability and vulnerable groups. This map shows details for the 12 countries with the highest values in the vulnerability dimension. INFORM 2015 VULNERABILITY DIMENSION Chad Chad Vulnerability: 7.4 Vulnerability: 7.4 vulnerablility: 6.8 vulnerablility: 6.8 Vulnerable groups: 8.0 Vulnerable groups: 8.0 Sudan Sudan Vulnerability: 7.1 Vulnerability: 7.1 vulnerablility: 5.4 vulnerablility: 5.4 Vulnerable groups: 8.3 Vulnerable groups: 8.3 Lebanon Lebanon Vulnerability: 6.9 Vulnerability: 6.9 vulnerablility: 4.2 vulnerablility: 4.2 Vulnerable groups: 8.5 Vulnerable groups: 8.5 Afghanistan Afghanistan Vulnerability: 7.2 Vulnerability: 7.2 æ vulnerablility: 6.9 vulnerablility: 6.9 Vulnerable groups: 7.4 Vulnerable groups: 7.4 Mali Mali Vulnerability: 6.8 Vulnerability: 6.8 æ vulnerablility: 7.7 vulnerablility: 7.7 Vulnerable groups: 5.6 Vulnerable groups: 5.6 Liberia Liberia Vulnerability: 7.1 Vulnerability: 7.1 æ vulnerablility: 8.3 vulnerablility: 8.3 Vulnerable groups: 5.4 Vulnerable groups: 5.4 Burkina Burkina Faso Faso Vulnerability: 6.8 Vulnerability: 6.8 vulnerablility: 7.3 vulnerablility: 7.3 Vulnerable groups: 6.2 Vulnerable groups: 6.2 Somalia Somalia Vulnerability: 8.3 Vulnerability: 8.3 æ vulnerablility: 7.7 vulnerablility: 7.7 Vulnerable groups: 8.8 Vulnerable groups: 8.8 Central Central African African Republic Republic Vulnerability: 8.3 Vulnerability: 8.3 æ vulnerablility: 8.3 vulnerablility: 8.3 Vulnerable groups: 8.2 Vulnerable groups: 8.2 DR DR Congo Congo Vulnerability: 7.6 Vulnerability: 7.6 æ vulnerablility: 7.1 vulnerablility: 7.1 Vulnerable groups: 8.1 Vulnerable groups: 8.1 Burundi Burundi Vulnerability: 7.0 Vulnerability: 7.0 vulnerablility: 7.6 vulnerablility: 7.6 Vulnerable groups: 6.4 Vulnerable groups: 6.4 South South Sudan Sudan Vulnerability: 8.2 Vulnerability: 8.2 vulnerablility: 7.8 vulnerablility: 7.8 Vulnerable groups: 8.6 Vulnerable groups: 8.6 KEY KEY 8 0 Very low Very low Low Medium High Very high Not included Low Medium High Very high Not included in INFORM in INFORM Increasing risk Increasing risk Stable Stable æ Decreasing risk Decreasing risk

11 LACK OF COPING CAPACITY This dimension of INFORM measures the lack of resources available that can help people cope with hazardous events. It is made up of two categories institutions and infrastructure. This map shows details for the 12 countries with the highest values in the lack capacity dimension. INFORM 2015 LACK OF COPING DIMENSION Togo Togo æ Yr trend: Chad Chad Yr trend: Eritrea Eritrea Yr trend: Afghanistan Afghanistan Yr trend: Liberia Liberia Yr trend: Guinea-Bissau Guinea-Bissau æ Yr trend: Central African Central African Republic Republic Yr trend: Papua New Papua New Guinea Guinea Yr trend: DR Congo DR Congo Yr trend: South Sudan South Sudan Yr trend: Somalia Somalia æ Yr trend: Madagascar Madagascar Yr trend: KEY KEY Very low Low Medium High Very high Not included Very low Low Medium High Very high Not in INFORM included in INFORM Increasing risk Increasing risk Stable Stable æ Decreasing risk Decreasing risk 9

12 INFORM 2016 PRIORITISING USING RISK LEVEL AND TRENDS INFORM can be used to group countries based on their current level of risk and the trend over previous years. For example, large increases in countries already with high levels of risk could be used to prioritise them for increased crisis and disaster prevention, preparedness and response. The risk trend categories shown are determined by the risk level (very high, high, medium, low, very low) and the three year trend in INFORM ( ). Risk is considered to be increasing if the 2016 value is 0.3 or more higher than the 2014 value. Risk is considered to be decreasing if it is 0.3 or more lower. Level of risk Inform in 2016 Medium High very high Risk Afghanistan Somalia Sudan Uganda Central African Republic South Sudan Yemen Iraq Myanmar Syria Bangladesh Libya Solomon Islands Nepal Guinea Guatemala Palestine Ukraine Low Very low Improving Stable Worsening 3YR Trend (Inform 2016 inform 2014) 10

13 Very high and decreasing Congo DR Mali Somalia Very high and stable Afghanistan Central African Republic Sudan Uganda Very high and increasing Iraq Myanmar South Sudan Syria Yemen High and decreasing Haiti Mauritania High and stable Chad Colombia Ethiopia India Kenya Lebanon Mozambique Niger Nigeria Pakistan Papua New Guinea Philippines High and increasing Bangladesh Guatemala Guinea Libya Nepal Palestine Solomon Islands Ukraine Medium and decreasing Azerbaijan Congo Egypt Medium and stable Algeria Micronesia Angola Namibia Benin Nicaragua Burundi Panama Cambodia Peru China Rwanda Côte d'ivoire Senegal Djibouti Serbia Dominican Republic Sierra Leone El Salvador South Africa Georgia Tajikistan Indonesia Tanzania Iran Thailand Jordan Timor-Leste Korea DPR Togo Lao PDR Turkey Liberia Venezuela Madagascar Viet Nam Mexico Zambia Micronesia Zimbabwe Medium and increasing Bosnia and Herzegovina Burkina Faso Cameroon Ecuador Eritrea Guinea-Bissau Honduras Kiribati Lesotho Malawi Malaysia Marshall Islands Morocco Russian Federation Sri Lanka Turkmenistan Vanuatu 11

14 INFORM 2016 WHERE HAS RISK INCREASED AND DECREASED MOST? Highest increases in risk Highest decreases in risk 9.0 Somalia 8.0 Iraq 7.0 Congo DR Mali 6.0 Libya Guinea Guatemala Vanuatu Russian Federation Palestine Guinea-Bissau Lesotho Mauritania Egypt Azerbaijan Congo Kyrgyzstan Tunisia Note: INFORM trends are not proportional to the level of risk in a country. Therefore, the increases and decreases are more likely to occur in high-risk countries. We hope to introduce proportional trends in coming years. INFORM trends may not reflect the most recent (<1yr) developments in a country. Ukraine Saudi Arabia YEAR INFORM RISK TRENDS BY REGION Africa (54) Americas (35) Asia (48) Europe (40) Oceania (14) World (191) Significant increase ( 0.3) Stable ( 0.3 / -0.3) Significant decrease ( -0.3)

15 INFORM AND HUMANITARIAN AND DEVELOPMENT FINANCE One of the purposes of INFORM is to improve the evidence for making decisions about allocating resources for crisis and disaster prevention and preparedness, as well as investments in sustainable development. Understanding how resource allocation aligns with risk is complex, given the lack of useful data and difficulty in making meaningful comparisons. This chart shows how allocations of international humanitarian and development finance compare to risk levels, according to INFORM. While humanitarian financing is quite well aligned with risk by this measure, development finance is less so. Some countries with high levels of risk are not among the highest recipients of either humanitarian or development assistance. We hope to be able to improve the sophistication of this type of analysis in future years using a longer time series of INFORM data. This will help us understand the accuracy of INFORM better, as well as the relation of financing and risk. Top 20 recipients of international humanitarian response from government donors and private contributors 2013* (total amount) Top 20 recipients of official development assistance (ODA) 2013 (total amount) * 2013 is the latest year for which financial data is available ** INFORM data is from 2016 *** Palestine is referred to as opt in humanitarian response data and West Bank and Gaza Strip in ODA data Source of humanitarian response and ODA data: Global Humanitarian Assistance Report 2015, 20 countries with highest INFORM rank that are not among the top 20 recipients of humanitarian response or ODA INFORM INFORM INFORM Rank Risk** Rank Risk** Rank Risk** Syria Afghanistan Central African Republic Palestine* Viet Nam Libya Sudan Ethiopia Solomon Islands South Sudan Tanzania Colombia Jordan Kenya Ukraine Lebanon Turkey Guinea Somalia Bangladesh Mauritania Ethiopia Nigeria Guatemala Afghanistan Palestine*** Papua New Guinea Congo DR India Nepal Philippines Congo DR Madagascar Pakistan Mozambique Mexico Yemen Pakistan Burkina Faso Kenya Syria Eritrea Mali Morocco Algeria Myanmar Uganda Russian Federation Haiti Iraq Cameroon Niger South Sudan Egypt Iraq Mali Iran Chad Ghana Vanuatu

16 INFORM 2016 INFORM SUBNATIONAL S U B N A T I O N A L During 2015, the INFORM methodology and process was used to develop individual risk models for Colombia, Lebanon, the Sahel and the Greater Horn of Africa. These have the same features and benefits as the global model, but are subnational in scale and are tailored to each country or region. Examples of this work are shown below. Colombia From 2016, INFORM will support the implementation of more Subnational models in other countries or regions. Developing an INFORM Subnational model is a locally owned and managed, cost-effective process that is supported by the global INFORM initiative. This ensures that each model has local buyin and is adapted to local risks and uses, but draws on global resources and expertise and is validated according to global standards. The development of the INFORM Colombia model was initiated by OCHA and UNICEF. It is a municipallevel risk index, which identifies threats, vulnerabilities and response capacities throughout the country. The results have been used in the Humanitarian Needs Overview 2016 and by UNICEF planners and donors. The model includes specific components to evaluate risk levels for children and adolescents. Partners are now investigating if the model can be extended to cover additional countries in the region. Further information and guidance on developing INFORM Subnational models is now available on the INFORM website. Sudan Greater Horn of Africa region The INFORM Greater Horn of Africa model is part of an initiative of Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) and OCHA to improve IGAD s ability to analyse, visualise and disseminate information to support the prevention, preparedness and response to humanitarian crises in the region. The model will be updated regularly to support regional coordination and prioritise humanitarian, development, risk management and resilience investments. 14 Ethiopia Eritrea Djibouti South Sudan Somalia Uganda Rwanda Burundi Kenya

17 Mali Niger Chad Mauritania Senegal Sahel region Gambia Burkina Faso Nigeria Cameroon The regional INFORM Sahel model was initiated by the Emergency Response and Preparedness Group of the regional Inter-Agency Standing Committee (IASC) and is managed by OCHA. The INFORM model is being used to support the Humanitarian Programme Cycle and coordinated preparedness actions. Partners hope to use the model to improve cooperation between humanitarian and development actors in managing risk and building resilience across the region. Lebanon INFORM Lebanon was developed by the Lebanon Joint Analysis Unit, which supports the Resident/ Humanitarian Coordinator and is a collaboration of humanitarian, development and governmental partners that supports cross sectoral planning at the national level. INFORM Lebanon is being embedded in regional processes and coordination mechanisms to help all partners quantify and prioritise humanitarian and disaster risks in Lebanon in the context of the regional Syrian Crisis Response. 15

18 INFORM 2016 INFORM 2016 FULL RESULTS t These tables show the results of INFORM to the category level for For the latest results, including component level, indicators and source data, visit the INFORM website: COUNTRY RANK INFORM RISK HAZARD & EXPOSURE Natural Afghanistan æ Albania Algeria Angola æ Antigua and Barbuda æ Argentina Armenia Australia Austria Azerbaijan æ 2.3 æ æ Bahamas Bahrain Bangladesh Barbados Belarus æ Belgium æ Belize æ Benin Bhutan æ Bolivia Bosnia and Herzegovina Botswana Brazil æ Brunei Darussalam Bulgaria æ Burkina Faso æ Burundi æ Cabo Verde æ Cambodia Cameroon Canada Central African Republic æ Chad Chile China Colombia Comoros æ Congo æ æ Congo DR æ 5.3 æ æ Costa Rica Côte d'ivoire Croatia Cuba æ Cyprus Czech Republic æ Human VULNERABILITY Socio-Economic Vulnerability Vulnerable Groups LACK OF COPING CAPACITY Institutional Infrastructure

19 KEY Increasing risk Stable æ Decreasing risk COUNTRY RANK INFORM RISK HAZARD & EXPOSURE Natural Denmark Djibouti Dominica Dominican Republic Ecuador Egypt æ 6.1 æ El Salvador Equatorial Guinea æ Eritrea æ Estonia æ Ethiopia æ Fiji Finland France Gabon æ Gambia Georgia æ æ Germany Ghana Greece Grenada Guatemala Guinea Guinea-Bissau æ Guyana Haiti æ æ Honduras Hungary Iceland India Indonesia æ Iran Iraq Ireland Israel æ Italy Jamaica Japan Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya æ Kiribati Korea DPR Korea, Republic of Kuwait Human VULNERABILITY Socio-Economic Vulnerability Vulnerable Groups LACK OF COPING CAPACITY Institutional Infrastructure 17

20 INFORM 2016 KEY Increasing risk Stable æ Decreasing risk COUNTRY RANK INFORM RISK HAZARD & EXPOSURE Natural Kyrgyzstan æ æ Lao PDR Latvia æ Lebanon Lesotho æ Liberia æ Libya Liechtenstein æ Lithuania æ Luxembourg æ Macedonia FYR Madagascar Malawi Malaysia Maldives æ Mali æ 6.2 æ æ æ Malta æ Marshall Islands Mauritania æ æ æ Mauritius Mexico Micronesia Moldova, Republic of Mongolia Montenegro Morocco Mozambique æ æ Myanmar Namibia Nauru Nepal Netherlands New Zealand Nicaragua Niger æ Nigeria æ Norway Oman Pakistan æ Palau Palestine Panama Papua New Guinea æ Paraguay Peru Philippines æ Poland Portugal Qatar Romania Russian Federation Human VULNERABILITY Socio-Economic Vulnerability Vulnerable Groups LACK OF COPING CAPACITY Institutional Infrastructure

21 KEY Increasing risk Stable æ Decreasing risk COUNTRY RANK INFORM RISK HAZARD & EXPOSURE Natural Rwanda æ Saint Kitts and Nevis Saint Lucia æ Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Samoa Sao Tome and Principe æ Saudi Arabia æ æ æ Senegal Serbia Seychelles æ Sierra Leone æ Singapore Slovakia æ Slovenia Solomon Islands Somalia æ æ æ South Africa South Sudan Spain Sri Lanka Sudan Suriname æ Swaziland Sweden Switzerland æ Syria Tajikistan Tanzania Thailand æ Timor-Leste æ Togo æ æ Tonga Trinidad and Tobago Tunisia æ 2.6 æ Turkey Turkmenistan æ Tuvalu Uganda Ukraine æ United Arab Emirates æ United Kingdom United States of America Uruguay Uzbekistan Vanuatu Venezuela Viet Nam Yemen Zambia Zimbabwe æ Human VULNERABILITY Socio-Economic Vulnerability Vulnerable Groups LACK OF COPING CAPACITY Institutional Infrastructure 19

22 INFORM is a collaboration of the Inter-Agency Standing Committee Task Team for Preparedness and Resilience and the European Commission. INFORM partners include: Other INFORM partners are welcome. Partners commit to do one or more of: 1) facilitate the use of their data in INFORM, 2) provide expert guidance for the INFORM initiative, 3) provide in-kind or financial support. For more information, go to Note: The geographical boundaries and names shown and the designations used in this report are not warranted to be error free nor do they necessarily imply official endorsement or acceptance by INFORM or any INFORM partner organisation. Every effort has been made to ensure the accuracy of the information contained in this report. All information was believed to be correct as of November Please check www. inform-index.org for the latest results.

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