1 PSYC 205 Introduction to Abnormal Psychology Online Dr. Anne Michaels Professor My name is Dr. Anne Michaels. I teach online for Allegany College of Maryland, and do not have an office on campus. To Dr. Michaels To me from inside the course, click the " Dr. Michaels" button in the left menu. From outside the course, you may me at: If the Allegany College web pages are not working, you may send messages to my private address: Class address To other students, click the button in the left menu. Click the Send link, and then choose your recipients. Instructions for Class and Alternate Include your name and class in the subject line so that I don t mistake your message for spam and delete it. If your message is URGENT, please indicate in the subject line. I usually answer every business day. If you do not hear from me within two business days, please re-send your message (I probably did not receive it). Please note: I do not answer during college vacations. If the semester has ended, I will be available to help you at the beginning of next semester. Fax number If you need to send documentation for missing a due date, please use my direct fax number: Technical Information Student Computer Skills To be successful in this course, you must be comfortable communicating by , and working in an online environment. You must be able to submit assignments in MS Word (I can accept documents in these formats:.doc,.docx,.txt, or.rtf). I am not a technical support specialist, and cannot help you with technical difficulties on your computer. Technical Support For technical questions, call the ACM help desk at Remember that any questions about course requirements or assignments should be directed to Dr. Michaels. Technical Expectations & Requirements This course is fully online, and requires reliable internet access. You should have a regular, reliable internet source, AND plans for a back-up internet source. If you do not have high-speed internet access at home, I suggest that you take the course from another location where high-speed internet access is available. It will be difficult to take this course using a dial-up modem, since the pages are large and would take a very long time to load. For those in the local area, ACM has computers available for student use. For those who live elsewhere, most public libraries have free internet access, as do many public colleges. I do not accept lack of internet access as an excuse for missing course due dates, unless there is a natural disaster that causes widespread power and telephone outages in your area.
2 Do not wait until the last minute to begin an exam! If your computer crashes or your regular internet source is unavailable, you may need to travel to your back-up internet source for the exam. Do not attempt to take the exams using dial-up internet service! Even if you manage to do the regular assignments with a dial-up modem, make arrangements to use a computer with high-speed internet access for your exams. If you must travel for family or work responsibilities, remember that course assignments and exams may be submitted from any computer with internet access. Course Information Please Note Under extenuating circumstances, the instructor has the right to change any course provisions or requirements during the semester. Instructor Drops If you do not submit any assignments within the first two weeks of the semester, I will drop you from the course. To Find Your Psychology Course To find your ACM online courses, start at the ACM home page (http://www.ac.cc.md.us/). Next, click the BlackBoard logo. If this is your first online course at ACM, you should look at the orientation (click the link that says click here for an intro to Online Learning ). Notice that there is also a link for student help with BlackBoard. The log-in button for your course also appears on this page (left side of page). If you do not know your username or password, contact the help desk ( ). After Logging-in to the Psychology Course: After logging-in to BlackBoard, click the link for our course, which will bring you to the home page. To begin, click the Course Information button in the left menu. Then, click the START HERE link. This page has a list of instructions that will help you get started. You should also print a copy of the Syllabus and Course Calendar. Read these documents thoroughly, and contact me if there is anything you do not understand. Complete the Syllabus Assignment (click Assignments in the left menu). After completing these steps, me right away if you do not understand how to begin, or what to do. Remember that I m here to help you complete the course successfully, and you should feel free to contact me with any questions or concerns. Required Textbook TBA Accommodating Disabilities In compliance with federal 504/ADA requirements, Allegany College of Maryland supports the belief that all otherwise qualified citizens should have access to higher education and that individuals should not be excluded from this pursuit solely by reason of handicap. The college is committed to the integration of students with disabilities into all areas of college life. Therefore, support services are intended to maximize the independence
3 and participation of disabled students. Further, the College complies with applicable state and federal laws and regulations prohibiting discrimination in the admission and treatment of students. Any student who has a disability should contact the Director of Learning Support and Disability Services at , TDD , or to obtain information and assistance. Tutoring or Extra Help Sessions Since I do not live in the local area, I am not able to provide face-to-face meetings or tutoring. I will be glad to answer questions and provide assistance by . You may also contact the ACM tutoring service for help with the course. Academic Misconduct Disciplinary action will be imposed for any academic misconduct, such as plagiarism or cheating on exams. In most cases, the student will fail the course. For specific policies and procedures, refer to the Student Handbook. Course Schedule and Participation Course Calendar: Click the Course Information button (left menu), and then click the Course Calendar link. All important dates for the class, including lesson dates, due dates, exam dates, and etc. are listed on the course calendar. I strongly suggest that you print a copy of the Course Calendar and make note of the various due dates. For those who are not local ACM students, please note that all dates and times refer to the Eastern Time Zone, U.S.A. Student Attendance and Participation: This course is conducted entirely online. There are no face-to-face meetings. You must log-in to the course several times per week to check and announcements from the instructor, and to participate in class activities. You should expect to spend 6-9 hours per week preparing assignments and participating in this course. There are no specific, required log-in times. You may log-in and do each lesson at your convenience during the appropriate week (see Course Calendar for dates). You are responsible for submitting all work by the due dates given in the Course Calendar. Course Purpose & Objectives Course Description: This course provides an introduction to and an understanding of behavior disorders and insight into the personality of the disturbed person. Historical perspective of changing attitudes and treatment of psychopathy and techniques of diagnosis, classification, and therapy are studied. Course Credits: This course is worth 3 credits. Course Prerequisite: Psychology 101 Course Objective: This class will help students understand the history, diagnoses, and treatment of behavior disorders. We begin with historical and contemporary views of mental disorders, explore causes and diagnostic procedures, and finish by reviewing several categories of disorders and therapeutic approaches. Expected Learning Outcomes:
4 After successfully completing this course, students should understand: Historical and contemporary views of mental disorders Factors that may contribute to the development of mental disorders Basic techniques of clinical assessment and diagnosis Characteristics of several common stress disorders and approaches to treating them Characteristics of several common anxiety disorders and approaches to treating them Characteristics of unipolar and bipolar mood disorders and approaches to treating them Characteristics of somatoform and dissociative disorders and approaches to treating them Characteristics of several common eating disorders and approaches to treating them Characteristics of several common substance abuse disorders and approaches to treating them Characteristics of common sexual variants and dysfunctions, and clinical approaches to managing them Characteristics of several common personality disorders, and approaches to treating them Characteristics of several common cognitive disorders, and approaches to treating them Characteristics of several forms of schizophrenia and approaches to treating them Characteristics of childhood and adolescent mental and behavioral disorders, and approaches to treating them Finding Your Assignments Course Assignments On the Course Information page (left menu), click the link for the Course Calendar. The Calendar lists all of your assignments, and their due dates. I will post an announcement when the grades are posted for each assignment. It is your responsibility to contact me right away if your grade is not listed. I will not be sympathetic if you approach me at the end of the semester about a missing grade. It is your responsibility to keep track of your assignments and grades during the course. I do not accept missing assignments at the end of the semester. Late Assignments With documentation of a medical emergency (for yourself, your spouse/partner or your child), I will accept late assignments with a 10-point penalty for one week after the due date. I do not accept assignments that are more than one week late unless you can document extremely serious emergency circumstances. You may fax documentation to me, or scan and it. My contact information is listed at the top of the syllabus. I do not accept ANY late assignments without medical or similar emergency documentation. Due Date Extensions If you know ahead of time that you have a due date conflict, you may request an extension on any assignment except exams. I give extensions only by , so that we both have a written record of the extension. the assignment (by the extended due date) as a reply to the message granting the extension. I do not give extensions on exams. You will know the exam dates at the beginning of the semester, so there is plenty of time to make arrangements to be available on those dates. There are three reasons I do not allow make-up exams or extensions on exams: 1. Since the exams are online, I cannot release answers until all of the tests are completed. It is unfair to other students if I hold answers for one person who requested an extension. 2. It is unfair for one person to have extra days of study time more than everyone else. 3. There is a possibility that the person could get copies of the test questions from other students who have already completed the exam.
5 Grading Exams (200 points total) Exams 1-8 are worth 25 points each Class Blog (100 points total) This class requires a blog assignment that consists of 5 posts. Each blog post is worth 20 points. Interview Assignments (100 points total) This class requires two Interview Assignments. Each Interview Assignment is worth 50 points. Course Grade (based on a total of 400 points) Add all of your points together Your total will be between 0 and 400 points Divide the total by 4 (this converts the points to a letter grade) Use this scale: =A, 80-89=B, 70-79=C, 60-69=D, below 60 = F. Exam Information Exams There are 8 exams in this class, most of which cover two or three chapters. Each exam consists of 25 multiple-choice questions, worth 1 point each. The exams are online (from the class home page, click the Assignments link, and then click the individual exam). You may take the exam from any computer with internet access. No proctor or passwords are required, but if I suspect that you have cheated on an Exam I reserve the right to require you to take all remaining exams with a proctor. Each exam is open for three days check the course calendar for specific dates and times. After you begin, the exam will be available for one hour (a timer begins when you click to start the exam). Missing an Exam There are no make-up exams. If you miss an exam I will average the grades on your other 7 exams, and use the average to replace your missing exam grade. If you miss more than one exam, subsequent missing grades will be zeros unless you send medical documentation for missing the test. I will accept medical excuses only for yourself, your spouse/partner, or your children. I do not accept non-emergency medical excuses, such as doctor s appointments. You may fax the documentation, or you may scan and the documentation. I do not accept lack of child care as an excuse for missing an exam. Exam dates are available from the beginning of the semester, so you have plenty of time to make arrangements. I do not accept lack of internet access as an excuse for missing an exam, unless it is due to a natural disaster. Since this class is online, you should have a plan for regular internet access and also a back-up plan in case your usual source is unavailable. I do not give extensions on exams. You will know the exam dates at the beginning of the semester, so there is plenty of time to make arrangements to be available on those dates. There are three reasons I do not allow make-up exams or extensions on exams: 1. Since the exams are online, I cannot release answers until all of the tests are completed. It is unfair to other students if I hold answers for one person who requested an extension. 2. It is unfair for one person to have extra days of study time more than everyone else. 3. There is a possibility that the person could get copies of the test questions from other students who have already completed the exam.
6 Cheating on Exams Do not use books, notes, or other aids during the exam. There will not be time to look up answers, and attempting to use these resources will prevent your finishing the exam on time. If I suspect that you have used books, notes or other aids while taking an exam, you will be required to take the remaining exams in a proctored setting. The course software allows me to give a different exam to each person in class. Each student will have a unique set of questions. Chapters for Exams Exam 1 will cover all material from Chapters 1-2 Exam 2 will cover all material from Chapters 3-4 Exam 3 will cover all material from Chapters 5-6 Exam 4 will cover all material from Chapters 7-8 Exam 5 will cover all material from Chapters 9-10 Exam 6 will cover all material from Chapters Exam 7 will cover all material from Chapters Exam 8 will cover all material from Chapters Note that there is not a comprehensive final exam in this class. Exam 8 is scheduled during the final exam period. Technical Problems Problems while taking the test If you have already started the test, but are kicked out before finishing, me right away. If the test is still open, I can usually re-set your account. Problems accessing the test If you cannot access the test, or it will not open, follow these steps. FIRST: Check the course calendar. Double-check that the exam is open. SECOND: If you are prevented from taking an exam due to technical problems, call the help desk and get the technical issues fixed. This will usually solve the problem, and you ll have access to the exam. THIRD: Contact me if the help desk is not able to solve the problem, or if you still do not have access to the exam. Remember that this process must be completed during the exam period, so don t wait until the last minute to begin your exam! Class Blog Assignment Locating the Class Blog Assignment Click the Discussion icon in the left menu to find the instructions and submit your blog posts. Due Dates You may post comments early, but I do not grade blog posts until after the due date (when everyone has had a chance to post). Anything posted after the due date will not be graded. Submitting your Blog Parts Click the Class Blog button in the left-side menu. Next, click the link for the Blog Part you are submitting (for example, Blog Part 1, Blog Part 2, etc.). Next, click the Create Thread button.
7 Type your Subject and then your blog post. It may be easiest to type your blog post directly into the textbox, and then click Submit. You may also paste your work into the textbox. If you choose to paste, you will need to correct your formatting before submitting the assignment Do not submit your blog post as an attachment. Due to the large number of circulating viruses, I do not open attachments. Everyone in class will be able to read your posts. Be sure not to reveal any private information. You are welcome to answer another person's blog, or post supportive comments. These do not count for grading purposes. Points and Grading Criteria for Blog Assignment Blog Posts 1-5, worth 20 points each Each blog post is worth a maximum of 20 points. To earn full credit, you must include four topics or behaviors in each blog post. To earn 20 points (full credit) Your blog post includes four behavior topics, formatted as shown in the example below. Your post includes a reference to the textbook page and topic. Or, if you use outside material, your post includes a bibliography listing your sources. Wikipedia is not allowed. Your blog post is at least 600 words long. Protect the privacy of other people -- If you describe another person, do not use his/her real name (use initials). You are welcome to reply to another person s blog or make supporting comments, but these posts will not earn credit. Disrespectful language, attitudes, or other behavior is strictly forbidden, and will result in a grade of zero for the blog post. To earn 10 points (half credit) Your blog post meets all of the criteria listed above, and includes at least two behavior topics. It must be at least 300 words long. To earn 0 points (no credit) Your blog post includes less than two behavior topics OR, your blog post is less than 300 words long. OR, your blog post does not meet the other criteria listed above. OR, you submitted your blog post as an attachment. I do not open attachments, so your work will not earn credit. Point Deductions There is a deduction for using topics or behaviors that are not from the assigned material. The amount of the deduction will depend on how off-topic your post is. Posts that are completely off-topic will not earn credit. There is a 5-point deduction for using another person s name. There is a 5-point deduction for not including the textbook reference (or bibliography for an outside source, if this applies to your post). Check your observation for spelling and grammar errors. There is a 5-10 point deduction for excessive (5 or more) spelling and/or grammar errors. The actual deduction depends upon the number of errors. Use spell check! Check your formatting. There are various deductions for formatting mistakes (5-10 points) depending upon how much your paper differs from the requirements. Make any needed corrections to the formatting of your assignment in the textbox. Even if your original file is correct, the formatting may not transfer to the textbox if you paste your work. I still deduct 5-10 points depending upon the difficulty in reading your formatting. If you post disrespectful comments or engage in other destructive behavior, your blog post will receive a grade of ZERO. If you submit your blog post as an attachment, it will not earn credit. I do not open attachments. Plagiarism:
8 Do not copy material from another source, unless you enclose the copied material in quotation marks and correctly identify the source. You are allowed to quote short passages in your blog posts, but it is not required. If you choose to use quoted material, remember to identify the source in a bibliography at the end of your post. I do not care what type of bibliography you use, as long as I can identify your source. Exception: You may refer to our textbook simply by chapter or page number. Just put quotation marks around the passages you use, and explain that it comes from our book. Do not copy material from another student and submit it as your work. Do not give your work to another student to be copied. If you engage in these behaviors, or any form of plagiarism, your grade for THE ENTIRE BLOG ASSIGNMENT (ALL 5 PARTS) will be ZERO. Options for Writing your Blog Posts Blog Posts Assignments for the Posts Read the material assigned for each Blog Part (see below) and choose four topics or behaviors for your blog. To write your four topics you may choose Option 1, Option 2, or a mixture of the two options. Remember that your post must be 600 words long for full credit. Option 1. Describe an example from real life of a person affected by a topic or behavior you selected. You may describe someone you know or an example you ve seen in the media. Option 2. Thoroughly describe and explain a topic or behavior you selected. You may use definitions from the textbook or other reliable sources (Wikipedia is not allowed). If you wish, give your opinion about the topic and/or the reference source (your opinion is optional, not required). Blog Part 1 (20 points) Choose any four topics or behaviors from Chapters 1-2. Or, you may use closely related topics in other reference sources or online (Wikipedia is not allowed). Blog Part 2 (20 points) Choose any four topics or behaviors from Chapters 3-4. Or, you may find closely related topics in other reference sources or online (Wikipedia is not allowed). Blog Part 3 (20 points) Choose any four topics or behaviors from Chapters 5-6. Or, you may find closely related topics in other reference sources or online (Wikipedia is not allowed). Blog Part 4 (20 points) Choose any four topics or behaviors from Chapters Or, you may find closely related topics in other reference sources or online (Wikipedia is not allowed). Blog Part 5 (20 points) Choose any four topics or behaviors from Chapters Or, you may find closely related topics in other reference sources or online (Wikipedia is not allowed). Formatting Example for Blog Posts Topic 1: Family Aggregation, Textbook p. 3 I have known R.L. since elementary school, and we were good friends for a long time. Beginning in the seventh grade, he started drinking beer. At first, our friends thought he was cool and that his parents were the best, since they often drank and allowed R.L to drink in their presence. Within a couple of years, R.L. was drinking all types of liquor, and often came to school hung over. He no longer cared about his grades or the baseball team (he had been a very talented pitcher), but just wanted to get drunk. R.L. dropped out of school in the tenth grade, after his first DUI conviction. Both of his parents had a few DUIs, and felt that it was not important. I recently met a friend from our old
9 neighborhood, and learned that R.L. s younger sister also started drinking during adolescence. She became pregnant at age 14, and her baby was born with fetal alcohol syndrome. Topic 2: Exorcism, Textbook p. 35 About two weeks ago, I saw a story on the evening news about a child who died after experiencing an exorcism. Apparently the child was hyperactive and frequently got into trouble. His parents belong to a religious group that believes in satanic possession, and they thought that their son was possessed. Instead of seeking therapy, the family asked a church official to exorcise the demons from their son. During one part of the exorcism, several adults sat on the child when he began to scream. They were attempting to squeeze the demons from his body. The child died of suffocation. According to our book (Chapter 2), the clergy were often asked to treat mentally disturbed people during the Middle Ages. Exorcism was one method they used, and it has recently become popular again among some superstitious people. Topic 3 Continue in the same manner with topic 3. Topic 4 Continue in the same manner with topic 4. *Remember that full credit on each Blog Part requires 4 topics and a minimum of 600 words. Interview Assignments Interview Assignments 1 and 2, worth 50 points each Each Interview Assignment must include a written report of ten topics and two interviews. The topics must be described in a manner similar to your blog posts. Scroll down to the formatting requirements for an example. The first interview must be an expert interview. The second interview may be a non-expert interview. Each interview must cover ten topics you have selected from the assigned chapters (see below). Write at least 20 questions to ask during each interview. It is fine to repeat questions for the two interviews, if you wish. Chapters for Interview Assignments For Interview Assignment 1, choose any ten topics from chapters 1-10 in your textbook. For Interview Assignment 2, choose any ten topics from chapters in your textbook. Topic Descriptions Observe people demonstrating any 10 topics or behaviors from the chapters assigned above. The specific topics are your choice. You may observe yourself, your family, your friends, or strangers in public places. OR, you may describe and explain the topics you have selected. OR, you may observe some topics and describe other topics. You may use a mixture of the two options, just like in your blog posts. For full credit, observe or describe at least 10 topics, depending upon how much material you need to complete your paper (1000 words). You may observe more than 10 topics, if you need additional material for your paper. Expert Interview For interview 1, you must speak with an expert on the topics you have selected. Your expert should work in a field related to the class topics you have selected. For example, you might interview a police officer about emotionally disturbed persons, or a school counselor about learning disabilities in children. Prepare a list of 20 questions (or more) to ask your interviewee. Type the questions and answers at the end of your report. Remember that your interviewee may not know the terms from our class. Be prepared to explain the meanings of class terms to your interviewee. You must include quotes and comments from the interviewee in your report (see formatting example below).
10 Non-Expert Interview Interview 2 should be a non-expert interview. Interview a person with experience in your selected topics. S/he is not required to be an expert. For example, you might interview an adolescent about peer pressure, or a person with panic disorder about his/her experiences. Prepare a list of 20 questions (or more) for your interviewee. If you wish, some or all of these questions may be the same as those used with your expert. Type the questions and answers at the end of your report. Remember that your interviewee may not know the terms from our class. Be prepared to explain the meanings of class terms to your interviewee. You must include quotes and comments from the interviewee in your report (see formatting example below). Interview Questions & Answers Type all of your interview questions and answers at the end of your report. If you interview someone in a language other than English, you must provide an English translation of the questions and answers. Identify your interviewees by name. If someone does not wish to be named, you may use initials or a false name. Writing Your Report In your report, briefly describe each of the 10 topics you selected be sure to follow the formatting example (scroll down). For each topic, include one interview from an expert and one interview from a non-expert. In other words, there should be two interviews for each topic you selected. Summarize each interviewee's comments and include quotations. Explain how your interviewee's comments are related (or not related) to the psychology material in your textbook. Optional: If you wish, you may give your opinions about the interviews and textbook material. Submitting Interview Assignments Click the Interview Assignments button in the left menu. Next, click the link to submit Interview Assignment 1 or 2. You may type or paste your work into the textbox (like the Blog Parts), but it must retain the formatting! I will not grade unformatted Interview Assignments. If you choose to paste, you will need to correct your formatting before submitting the assignment. Type your interview questions and answers directly following your Interview Assignment. I should be able to scroll down after reading your last paragraph and find the questions. Do not submit your work as an attachment. Due to the large number of circulating viruses, I do not open attachments. Grading Criteria for Interview Assignments To earn 50 points Your paper is at least 1000 words long. This is approximately 3-4 pages in many computer fonts, but I suggest that you use the word count feature (in Word) to be sure. I will use this feature when grading papers. There are no deductions for writing more than 1000 words. You are welcome to write a longer paper. You correctly followed the formatting requirements (scroll down for instructions). Your paper includes at least 10 topics and 2 interviews, as described in the instructions. Each topic includes comments and quotes from two interviewees, one expert and one non-expert. Your interview questions and answers are typed at the end of your paper. You had fewer than 5 spelling and/or grammar errors. Your paper was submitted by the due date (see Course Calendar). To earn 35 points Your paper meets all of the criteria described above, but it is shorter. Specifically: Your paper is at least 700 words long. Your paper includes at least 7 topics and 2 interviews. Each topic includes comments and quotes from two interviewees, one expert and one non-expert.
11 To earn 20 points Your paper meets all of the criteria described above, but it is shorter. Specifically: Your paper is at least 400 words long. Your paper includes at least 4 topics and 1 interview. To earn 0 points Your paper is less than 400 words long. Or, your paper includes less than 4 topics. Or, your paper includes no interviews. Additional point deductions Protect the privacy of other people. If you describe another person, do not use his/her real name (use initials or a false name). There is a 5-point deduction for using a person s real name. You may use the names of your interviewees, if they give permission. If not, use their initials. Check your paper for spelling and grammar errors. There is a 5-20 point deduction for excessive (5 or more) spelling and/or grammar errors. The actual deduction depends upon the number of errors. Use spell check! There is a 10-point deduction for not typing your interview questions and answers at the end of your paper. There is a point deduction for failing to include sufficient information (including quotations) from your interviewees in the paper itself. No Credit situations If your paper is less than 400 words long, it will not earn credit. If you fail to follow the formatting requirements, your paper will not earn credit. If your paper has fewer than 4 topics, it will not earn credit. If your paper has no interviews, it will not earn credit. If your paper is submitted as an attachment it will not earn credit. I do not open attachments. Plagiarism: Do not copy material from another source, unless you enclose the copied material in quotation marks and correctly cite the source in a bibliography. You are allowed to quote short passages in your paper, but it is not required. If you choose to use quoted material, remember to include a bibliography at the end. Exception: You may refer to our textbook simply by chapter or page number. Just put quotation marks around the passages you use and explain that it comes from our book. Exception: This does not refer to quotations from your interviewees. Typing your questions and answers at the end of your paper serves as a bibliography for your interviews, so no other information is needed. Using these quotations will not be considered plagiarism. Do not copy material from another student and submit it as your work. Do not give your work to another student to be copied. If you engage in these behaviors, or any form of plagiarism, your grade on BOTH Interview Assignments will be ZERO. Formatting Requirements for Interview Assignments Topic 1: Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) Title of Paper Describe an example of a person experiencing PTSD, or someone affected by the topic. You may describe someone you know or an example you ve seen in the media. Instead of an example, you may choose to thoroughly describe and explain the topic or behavior you selected. You may use definitions from the textbook or other reliable sources (Wikipedia is not allowed). These are the same options as those allowed for the blog posts. So your topic descriptions will probably look very much like your blog posts. Expert Interview: I interviewed a high school counselor, Ms. Jane Doe, about PTSD. Ms. Doe told me about one of her students, GK, who had barely lived through hurricane Katrina in New Orleans. After surviving for several weeks with very little food and water, GK's family was finally evacuated. GK suffers from flashbacks, nightmares, and outbursts of anger. Continue describing the interview, and be sure to include at least one quotation from Ms. Doe.
12 Non-Expert Interview: I interviewed my neighbor, TJ, about his experiences with PTSD. TJ was a soldier during the first Gulf War, and he has suffered from PTSD for many years. Continue describing the interview, and be sure to include at least one quotation from ML. Topic 2: Bullying In middle school, one of my classmates (EL) was constantly bullied. Her family had a different religious faith than the majority of students, and many of them repeatedly abused her, both psychologically and physically. Sadly, none of the other students supported EL, and she was often left completely alone. At other times she was attacked, beaten, or threatened. To make matters worse, several of the teachers participated in the bullying, since they also had negative opinions about EL's religion. Continue describing this topic... Expert Interview: I continued my interview with Ms. Doe for this topic. She said that bullying is a terrible problem, with lifelong consequences for the victims. Sadly, the participation of teachers is not uncommon. Ms. Doe said that bullied children are often afraid to report the abuse, or face ridicule and rejection when they do report it. Continue describing the interview, and be sure to include at least one quotation from Ms. Doe. Non-Expert Interview: TJ told me that one of his sons was bullied for a few weeks in sixth grade. TJ learned of the abuse through a conversation with his nephew, who attended the same school. TJ spoke to his son's teacher, and made it clear that the situation was unacceptable. Continue describing the interview, and be sure to include at least one quotation from TJ. Topic 3: Postpartum "Blues" or Depression My aunt, PP, experienced an episode of postpartum depression after the birth of her second child. The baby was healthy and happy, and people could not understand why PP was having emotional problems. After reading the textbook material, I believe that PP actually suffered from postpartum "blues," since she did not have symptoms of true depression. Continue describing this topic... Expert Interview: Ms. Doe told me that several girls in her high school give birth every school year, and she commonly sees cases of postpartum blues. She believes that teen mothers often feel regret, anger, sadness, and resentment after experiencing the reality of being a parent. Continue describing the interview, and be sure to include at least one quotation from Ms. Doe. Non-Expert Interview: TJ was willing to share his personal experiences with postpartum blues, which can also affect men. In his case, Continue describing the interview, and be sure to include at least one quotation from TJ. Continue in the same manner. For full credit your paper must include at least 10 topics and 1000 words. There must be two interviews (one expert and one non-expert) for each topic. Format your paper exactly like the example above. Remember to type your interview questions and answers at the end of your paper.