Alumni Horae. St. Paul s School Spring 2008

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1 Alumni Horae St. Paul s School Spring 2008

2 Signs of Spring

3 Alumni Horae Vol. 88, No. 1 Spring 2008 Alumni Horae Editor Deborah de Peyster Designer Cindy L. Foote Editorial Contributors Jana F. Brown Alan N. Hall Michael Matros Alumni Association President James M. Waterbury, Jr. 75 Treasurer William T. Kennedy 65 Vice Presidents Gregory T. H. Lee 82 Sarah Bankson Newton 79 Margaret Smith Warden 93 Clerk Chapin P. Mechem 90 Executive Director Tina Pickering Abramson 82 Executive Committee James M. Waterbury, Jr. 75 William T. Kennedy 65 Gregory T. H. Lee 82 Sarah Bankson Newton 79 Margaret Smith Warden 93 Chapin P. Mechem 90 Laura C. Hildesley Bartsch 86 George H. Bostwick III 74 Samuel R. Callaway, Jr. 59 Samuel P. Cooley 49 Sarah A. H. Cornell 90 James M. Frates 85 Lauren E. McKenna 03 Amy Nobu 78 Rutledge Simmons 85 Published by The Alumni Association of St. Paul s School Trustees of St. Paul s School ON THE COVER: Spring bursts in late April with a profusion of tulips on the Chapel lawn. These are among the 8,000+ bulbs planted this year to add color to the School. Photo by James M. Waterbury, Jr. 75, May 2008 Features Departments 2 Perspective 3 Letters 5 Rector 6 Updates 7 Action Learn who won the Green Cup Challenge and how to turn French fries into fuel. 11 Memories Returning to support students who received hate mail, alumni of color relive memories. What is this green SPS plate? 14 Athletics 16 Is Coral the Canary? by Stosh Thompson 62 Marine biologist Stosh Thompson hopes his study of Marine Protected Areas (MPS s) in Hawaii might offer some insight into preventing the death of coral reefs around the world. 20 They Danced and Sang into Their Future by Jennifer Boyle 91 When a sudden job change launched Jen Boyle into a search for meaning in her career, she stumbled headlong into an education initiative that redefined her life with passion, optimism, and hope. 24 Kevin Gover 73 Receives Highest Honor Director of the National Museum of the American Indian Kevin Gover receives the Alumni Association s highest award for his lifelong advocacy for the rights of Native Americans. 26 Inheriting the Mystery of Thailand s Silk King by Jana Brown, SPS Writer Jim Thompson 24 built a textile empire on the other side of the world. His unexplained disappearance in the jungle of Malaysia 40 years ago remains a tragic mystery to those who love him. 30 Reviews Down the Nile: Alone in a Fisherman s Skiff by Rosemary Mahoney 79 Becoming Buddha: The Story of Siddhartha by Whitney Stuart 77 CD: What Sweeter Music by the St. Paul s School Choir and Madrigal Singers CD: Look Ahead by Chrissy Coughlin Community 36 Formnotes 49 Deceased 58 ChapelTalk 1

4 perspective Association President Reflects on People Who Shaped His Term In reflecting on my two years as Alumni Association President and Trustee, I thought about detailing some of our initiatives implementation of bylaw changes, increased communication, efforts to rebuild trust and credibility with the School and its leadership all positive developments of which we can be proud. I keep coming back, however, to the people who typify the best of St. Paul s School and who make our initiatives possible: Bill Matthews 61, a group of alumni from the 1940s, and the late Jim Robbins 60. The School. When I was first elected, I was aware of the negative press and troubles the School had endured over the past decade. Yet, in the past two years, many of those concerns have been addressed through the strong, principled leadership of Bill Matthews. Bill and his team refocused the School on service, on the values articulated in the School Prayer. They tightened financial controls, launched a strategic planning process, and reached out to the broader School community. Bill s open communication also has given us an appreciation for some of the challenges ahead: continuing to attract top faculty and students and ensuring that the School has the financial resources to increase tuition assistance and faculty salaries, finance the construction of a math/science building, and pursue the goals of the Strategic Plan. Alumni. Recently, I joined four alumni from the forms of 1943 and 1945 for lunch in New York. They spent more than two hours peppering me with questions about the School. I was impressed by their passion and love of the School but also reminded of the differences among alumni and their experiences, from the war years of forms in the early 40 s, to the war years of the 60 s, to the first years of coeducation in my day, to the current tech-savvy generation. They asked great questions: Is the current focus on diversity appropriate? Important? Why an integrated math/science building? Have governance issues been addressed? Is the Episcopal tradition at St. Paul s still alive? We all benefit from alumni who care enough to ask tough questions and participate in finding answers. Trustees. One of the most meaningful aspects of my life over the past two years has been my relationship with Jim Robbins, former President of the Board of Trustees. Jim inspired trust and confidence. In one-on-one conversations he was insightful and wise. He had great judgment and a sense of humor. He was anxious to keep the focus on the School and the great work of Bill Matthews and his team, rather than on his own tremendous contributions to the leadership of the School. In Board meetings, he was a strong but quiet leader: confident enough in his team to delegate to Board committees, promoting teamwork, building consensus yet decisive when required. As Jim fought melanoma late last year, we were all struck by his tremendous courage and grace. I am grateful for Jim s trust, which enabled us to rebuild connections among the Alumni Association, the School, and the Board. I am grateful for his support and inspiration, which gave me the confidence to be an active participant on the Board. I admire his devotion to service not only to St. Paul s, but in life generally and his love of family and friends. Jim has been, and will continue to be, a great role model. As I near the end of my term, I am thankful for your support and encouragement. It has been an honor to serve, and it has given me much joy and satisfaction. St. Paul s is an amazing place, and, with your support, its future is very bright. James M. Waterbury, Jr. 75 Alumni Association President 2

5 Letters We love hearing from you in response to stories we have published in Alumni Horae or in response to alumni matters. As space permits, we will print your letters. Please keep writing to: The Editor, Alumni Horae, 325 Pleasant St. Concord, NH or to Editorial guidelines are available from the editor at the above addresses. Calder Mobiles I was interested in reading about the Calder mobile and its survival of the flood. I was also interested to know that the mobile was given to SPS by a member of the class of 33 in memory of his son who was in the class of 66. The mobile was referred to as THE Calder mobile, but if memory serves me, I think my own class ( 57) gave SPS a Calder mobile as our class present when we graduated. It used to be in Payson (I think). When we gave it there was no Calder mobile at the school; does SPS now have two of them? Tony Mountain 57 Jenner, Calif. December 3, 2007 EDITOR S NOTE: Correct. There are two Calder mobiles and both fortunately survived the 2006 flood. One untitled mobile was given by the Form of 1957 and hangs in the Gates Lounge of the Athletic & Fitness Center. The second, entitled The Iguana, was given by Andrew Gagarin 33 in memory of his son Nick 66. Nick passed away on November 24, The sculpture needs to be restored since it is an outdoor Calder and they do not hold up to the elements for more than 10 years before they need work. A possible longterm plan is to integrate the restoration with the new Math-Science building and get it in the lobby as a centerpiece which would allow it to be in a protected environment. The Iguana by Calder Another Latin Lesson Thanks to Cal Farwell 58, whom I remember as a distinguished Latin scholar and Form president, for writing so amusingly about the dubious Latin grammar of the phrase Alumni Horae, and to Mr. Alan Hall for informative insights from his copious institutional memory. (Alumni Horae, Winter , pp ) Even my own more limited knowledge of Latin also led me, some years ago, to the uncomfortable suspicion that this phrase involves an unjustified departure from the forms we learned. So I have supposed that something like Horae Alumnianae, using an invented adjective in parallel to Horae Scholasticae, would be preferable to purists. While thinking about this, I found alumnus cited in the writings of several major classical prose and verse authors, as meaning pupil. Thus an alumnus originally meant one who has matriculated, i.e., one whose name has been placed on the list of registered students, at the time of entering the school. This meaning evidently differs conspicuously from the customary American meaning of alumnus, as I understand it, which usually refers to one who has left the school, presumably by graduating. If alumnus and matriculate refer to people currently in the status of students, the familiar phrase alma mater also uses the same two word roots, to describe the institutional context which nurtures the students learning and growth. Whereas alma is the one nurturing, alumnus is the one nurtured. Matriculate comes from Latin matrix, which is literally a womb and figuratively a public register of members in a corporate body. Thomas Bartlett 57 Melbourne, Australia March 9, 2008 Older Folks Care Too I just read your article in the Alumni Horae about volunteering in New Orleans and felt compelled to you about it (Alumni Horae, Winter ). I m a 2006 graduate and organized a trip to Waveland, Miss., with four other 2006s for our senior spring break. I basically fell in love with the state and went back immediately after graduation for a few more weeks. Then, during my first year at Dartmouth, I decided to take a term off and spend three months volunteering in Biloxi, Miss., so volunteering to the Hurricane Katrina cause is very dear to my heart. Members of the Form of 1977 volunteering in New Orleans, November

6 4 As I said, I felt compelled to write you a note of appreciation for showing me that older folk care too (it s really funny because the whole time I was in Mississippi we would meet adults who were shocked that we were giving up time to volunteer, but really I was shocked that they were) and also that you are keeping a continual awareness of the devastation on the Gulf Coast for all the SPS alumni. It was a great article and perhaps the first I ve read completely through in the Horae again, thank you! Eli Mitchell 06 Dartmouth 2010 February 15, 2008 A Reinvigorated Alumni Horae Just a note to congratulate and thank you and your task force for reinvigorating Alumni Horae as you have. I have always looked forward to reading it, but never have I enjoyed it more than I did when I had a chance to read it last weekend. George Pillsbury 39 Minnetonka, Minn. February 19, 2008 EDITOR S NOTE: Thank you to everyone who wrote us notes about the changes in Alumni Horae. We were overwhelmed by the praise! When you tamper with something that readers are used to, you expect to hear some serious criticism. Instead, most of the letters we received thanked us for the improvements. We will continue to listen to your comments and continue to strive to make this magazine readable and meaningful to you. One new item we are adding in this issue is a section called ChapelTalk. On this page we will print talks given in Chapel. Picking which one to print out of the many inspirational talks will be our greatest challenge. Redesign and Assorted Errors First, the new format felt unfamiliar, but I m sure that I will grow to like it [Alumni Horae, Winter ]. I find it always takes a few issues before a redesigned publication feels familiar once again. It is most handsomely done, and I can appreciate the hours of labor that a major redesign like this must have taken. Second, you refer, with humor (interesting how mistakes are almost always amusing in retrospect!), to earlier gaffes [Perspective, p. 166]. Of course, it wouldn t be real life if there weren t an error in the winter issue! I m referring to the mistake on page 185: If Tony Duke 37 attended a reunion last year, it must have been his 70th, and not his 40th (as shown). Finally and this, in my opinion, is an error of substance: the very positive and eloquent tribute to James R. Robbins on page 217 falls seriously short in its brief mention of his service on the Board of Trustees. I never met Jim, but read closely all communications during the turbulent last year of Bishop Anderson s tenure as Rector. It appears that Jim played an absolutely crucial role, when he became President, in transitioning the Board from a somewhat arrogant, good old boy attitude to what was badly needed: a Board that is more aware of all the School s constituents, more sensitive to all aspects of the School s needs, and more open and transparent in its role. I hope that this omission was inadvertent and not a conscious decision by those who would prefer that this difficult period simply disappear from memory. I think it essential that we acknowledge all parts of our history, both good and bad; in this instance, we need to fully honor Jim Robbins significant contribution in what was a time of crisis for the School. Philip Bradley 58 Minneapolis, Minn. February 15, 2008 Share Alumni News Good intentions to share news and ideas with one s alma mater often perish amidst the busy-ness of our lives. The Alumni Association wants to hear from you. Send items to the editor, Alumni Horae, St. Paul s School, 325 Pleasant St., Concord, N.H.; or us at Here are some ideas for information you might send: News of you, your family, your Formmates: Write us a few lines describing marriages, births, promotions, moves, and chance encounters with SPS friends and teachers around the world. Ideas for Alumni Horae: This is your magazine. Let us know how we can make it more useful, enjoyable and meaningful to you. Send your thoughts to the editor at the above address. Letters to the Editor: Respond to what you have read in these pages. Agree or disagree with comments made here. One recent series of letters has debated the finer details of preposition punctuation for three issues! Photos: One photo is worth a thousand words! Send some as you pursue your adventures or gather with friends. We love photos of alumni gatherings. Save the Dates St. Paul s School will be on the road again this summer, with receptions for alumni, parents, and friends on Martha s Vineyard (Thursday, August 7) and Nantucket (Friday, August 8). If you have a seasonal address, or if you plan to be in the area and would like an invitation to either event, please contact Melissa Walters in the Alumni Office at or We hope to see you there!

7 Rector Authentic Selfhood and Our Community On Easter Sunday Marcia and I attended the 8 a.m. service at a small church in Cape Porpoise, Maine. The minister that day preached her sermon on the conjunction but. She said that but is generally used to preface fairly negative things. She gave as examples, I love you, but I am not ready for a commitment right now. Or, You are doing great work, but the company is downsizing, and we have to let you go. Then she said that there are some buts that preface good news You have cancer, but it is treatable, and we are optimistic for a full recovery. Finally, of course, she made the connection with the season, and talked about Good Friday and the pain and the death and the horror of that day, but, she reminded us, that day leads to Easter Sunday with its resurrection and redemption and hope. Two days later, at our Spring Convocation, the first reading for that service was taken from Let Your Life Speak by Parker Palmer. Palmer writes, Our deepest calling is to grow into our own authentic selfhood, whether or not it conforms to some image of who we ought to be. As we do so, we will not only find the joy that every human seeks we will also find our path of authentic service in the world. I think often of this School and how its own authentic selfhood is defined, and how it has been for 152 years. For me nothing defines that selfhood better than the School Prayer, a prayer that does indeed connect joy with service, and a prayer whose words we try to live every day here. As I write this letter at the end of March, I have been thinking a lot about the hate mail that some of our students received two weeks before the end of the Winter Term, and what that act of hatred says about this School s selfhood. At first I very much wanted to divorce those letters from the selfhood of this community. I wanted to say to myself that this was the work of a sick person and that it didn t represent the selfhood of this community. But, images recently of Good Friday and Easter Sunday have been playing in my mind, and I have come to realize that, whatever our faith tradition, we individually and we as a community, just like people and communities all over the world, have parts of Good Friday and parts of Easter Sunday imbedded in us. Individuals and communities that end up making a difference in this world are those that recognize these qualities in themselves, and that do the hard work that is required to get closer to the hope of Easter Sunday than to the horror of Good Friday. Marcia and William R. Matthews, Jr. 61 St. Paul s School is doing that hard work. Newly admitted students will be returning to School later this afternoon with their families to try to decide whether they want to spend their secondary school years at SPS or at another school. I will share with these families my belief that we are a school community that is committed to trying to help young people find their own selfhood, and one committed to trying to live the words of our School Prayer. I will promise the parents that their children, if they choose to come to SPS, will be transformed by their experience here. Their children will find, or strengthen, their own voice here, and that voice will be heard, and accepted, and respected. I am sure I will be asked about the recent hate mail, and I will say that those hate-filled letters are actually helping us in the hard work of listening to each other, of hearing the other voice, and ultimately of building confidence and pride in each of the many selfhoods represented at this School. From the authenticity of these selfhoods and from the confidence and pride which follow come community and strength of community. And finally, with that strength and from that strength comes the opportunity and the obligation to serve, which is what our School Prayer calls us all to do. 5

8 Updates 6 Fall/Winter 1999 Hell s Little Angels, page 192; and... Spring 2000 Alumni Awards, page 38 When Dr. Jennifer Walser 86 returned in 1999 from spending the final months of her residency working in a refuge camp near the Kosovo border, the School honored her work by choosing her as a recipient of the Alumni Association Award (2000). Since that time, Dr. Walser has married Andy Wilson (she is now Dr. Jennifer Wilson) and has two young boys, Beck, who is 4, and Dutch, who is 2, as well as two dogs. She lives a hectic life as an emergency medicine physician in Truckee, Calif. but she grabbed a moment to send us a photo and the following update: After completing my residency in the Bronx at the Albert Einstein School of Medicine Hospitals, I worked in Manhattan and Queens for two years before moving west in My husband, Andy, had convinced me that Lake Tahoe was the most beautiful place on earth, and he was right. The four of us (plus dogs) are living in Truckee about 15 miles from the lake. I work as an emergency medicine physician just across the border in Reno, Nevada. Life is active and crazy and fun and different every day. Spring 2001 Through the Lens of a Photographer, page 17 Freelance photographer and journalist Peter McBride 89 continues to produce amazing photos from his travel assignments to unusual places most often on behalf of National Geographic Adventure, National Geographic Traveler, Outside, The New York Times, and Smithsonian. He had planned to try to slow down a bit finding that the pace of his travels was taking a toll on his health. During the piece he wrote for Alumni Horae in 2001 after returning from Africa, he came down with life-threatening meningitis. Since that time he has continued receiving assignments in far-away places such as Guatemala, Cuba, and Antarctica. I get pigeon-holed a little bit into extreme stuff, outdoor adventure expedition stuff, he said in a phone interview in April from his home in Basalt, Colo. He also successfully battled another serious illness, a systemic staph infection picked up in the South Pacific. But his sacrifice of time and good health is appreciated. In 2003, he was awarded a Merit of Excellence in Reportage Photography from the Society of Publication Designers in In 2007 he received a prestigious Knight Fellowship from Stanford University and for a year he studied Latin American history, politics and the link between culture and music. In April of this year, he ran and was elected as a town councilor in his town of Basalt, a job that will keep him near home for meetings several times a year. At least it makes his next assignment a little easier. He is currently working for National Geographic Traveler on a photo essay of the Colorado River from the source to the sea and the impact of climate change on the western United States. Fall/Winter The Legacy of a Champion, page 178 Gretchen and Roy Jackson s 55 race horse Barbaro, who died after shattering his leg in the Preakness, will have a final resting place at Churchill Downs in Kentucky only a short distance from the site of his greatest triumph at the Kentucky Derby. His ashes and a bronze statute will be sited outside the gate so fans can visit freely. After the Derby and then when he got injured, he really became America s horse, Roy Jackson said. We sort of felt an obligation that his remains and statue be erected some place where the general public could pay their respects. On May 1, the Jacksons were expected to announce the sculptor for the statue, which is expected to be completed sometime next year, according to Churchill Downs Inc. A Barbaro movie is also in the works, according to reports published in the New York Post. The publication reported in March that HBO has quietly begun production on a fullscale movie about Barbaro, with a likely air date in early June, during the Triple Crown season. According to Jackson, his horse did not die in vain. The outpouring of support for the horse as he struggled to overcome his injuries and laminitis, an often fatal hoof disease, drew attention to equine diseases and raised more than $2.7 million for the Laminitis Research Fund. The Jacksons have also helped raise $1.3 million for the Barbaro Fund. The money will go toward expansion of the George D. Widener Large Animal Hospital, and the purchase of equipment like a new operating table and recovery raft.

9 Action Library Benefits from Its Gifts In October St. Paul s School sold a collection of rare books and documents through an auction at Swann Auction Galleries in New York. The sale raised approximately $1.5 million to benefit the School s academic programs by supporting the library, as the donors of those items originally intended. The major piece in the auction was a 16-volume set of photographer Edward S. Curtis s The North American Indian, a gift of Elam W. Olney, father of Elam W. Olney 26. The volumes including text and rare photogravures sold for $900,000. All of the items selected for auction including an autographed octavo set of Birds of America by John J. Audubon and a signed copy of The Gathering Storm by Winston S. Churchill were chosen after careful review governed by the School s deaccessioning process, which selects items for sale determined to be outside the library s mission. Ohrstrom s primary purpose is to be a working library supporting a community of students, faculty, and staff while also managing the history of St. Paul s School. The rarity and vulnerable condition of the Curtis set placed it out of the scope of the Library s program. After consultation with descendents of Elam W. Olney and with a vote from the Board of Trustees, the School made the decision to sell the collection and contribute the proceeds to a library fund established in the name of the Olney Family. The deaccessioning process was initiated by the School in an attempt to make better use of its assets in Ohrstrom Library. Robert Rettew 69, who recently moved from his post as director of Ohrstrom to academic dean, recommended an evaluation of library resources after the spring flood of 2006 caused significant damage to the lower level of the building and threatened the School s valuable holdings. The Curtis volumes of Native American photos sold for $900. The flood confirmed for Rettew that the library does not possess sufficient physical security or environmental controls to protect many of its valuable assets. After careful consultation with the individuals or families of those whose gifts of rare books and documents were A gift to the library will still be a gift to the library, explained Rettew. This process revives the original intent of these gifts. maintained in Ohrstrom, the School decided to move forward with the process of evaluating and auctioning certain assets. Some of the documents including the rare folios of Curtis photos of Native Americans, an extensive historical autograph collection, and rare firstedition books were too fragile for handling in classroom settings. Others had lain dormant in boxes for years because of their lack of relevant use in the day-to-day curriculum. Our mission is to have a working collection, and to do that you have to put things in people s hands. Some of these items were too valuable to fit into that mission, Rettew said. During the flood, which forced the evacuation of 23,000 volumes from Ohrstrom s lower level including rare books and archival materials, rare book sets were reassembled through a careful process. Their protection became a primary risk-management concern. Donor families have indicated they were pleased to know that all proceeds from the deaccessioning of rare documents and materials from Ohrstrom will return to the library s programmatic funds, said Kim Major, stewardship officer for the School. A gift to the library will still be a gift to the library, explained Rettew. This process revives the original intent of these gifts. Auctions of materials previously held by St. Paul s School are expected to continue through this summer. 7

10 action 8 Madrigals Sing in Boston In April, the St. Paul s School Madrigal singers teamed up with the Madrigals of the Groton School for a joint performance in Boston. The early evening event at the Sunday Eucharist service at Boston s Trinity Church in Copley Square marked the first time St. Paul s singers have collaborated musically with counterparts from another school. I m excited that we had the opportunity to collaborate with another school, said Colin Lynch, director of Chapel music at SPS. It was truly an honor to be invited to sing for their service, he said. Hopefully, this will be the start of a longstanding relationship. Callahan Paintings Hit Hollywood Next time you re watching a movie on the big screen, be sure to scan the background for hidden treasures. If you happen to see the movie Baby Mama you may catch a glimpse of four paintings by SPS fine arts faculty member Colin Callahan. Callahan s artistic works hang on the wall in Tina Fey s fictional apartment in the odd-couplemeets-surrogate-motherhood comedy. Callahan s works made it to Hollywood through freelance set designer Sarah Rulon- Miller Dennis 92, who took note of his watercolors on a visit to St. Paul s. She recommended them to a friend who works in set design in L.A. The friend contacted Callahan to set up the deal. It s quite an honor, said Callahan. When you truly look at the background of a movie, there are hundreds of paintings, but it s wonderful. Callahan still owns the intellectual property rights to his images, so the paintings can be reused in future films. At least one of those four paintings, a still life of pears, is scheduled to appear in an upcoming Meryl Streep movie about the life of chef Julia Child Julie and Julia. Environmental Awards St. Paul s School finished third in the Green Cup Challenge (GCC), a student-led competition aimed at reducing electricity use, and won first place in the video competition associated with the Challenge. During the four-week Green Cup Challenge beginning in January, the School showed a 15.1 percent reduction in electric use when compared with baseline data gathered in the weeks leading up to the Challenge. Berkshire School finished first with a 21.1 percent reduction in electrical use and the Governor s Academy finished second with a 21 percent reduction. The Challenge included 31 schools. St. Paul s made significant increases in energy savings this year. Last year it placed 10th with a 2.25 percent overall kilowatt usage reduction. The St. Paul s video, produced by student Eco-Action co-head Rhiya Trivedi 08, was among 19 submitted for this year s environmentally friendly challenge. Trivedi created the video as part of a two-term Independent Study Project that allowed her to manage the School s participation in the GCC. The Hill School video earned second prize; Williston Northampton and the Hotchkiss School won third place. Winners were selected through an online voting procedure. Fat: The New Fuel Ever think about the byproducts of French fries? Not only do they go to your stomach and thighs, the grease they fry in creates a serious and expensive waste disposal problem. Not any more at St. Paul s School. Frialator oil processed by the biodiesel reactor will offset the cost of fuel for diesel vehicles. The School recently invested in a biodiesel reactor to churn all the frialator oil into fuel that will power a school van and other cars with diesel engines. We used to have to pay to get rid of the fat, said Kurt Ellison, director of food services. It would cost roughly $50 per 150- gallon container, he said. Now the fat will offset the cost of fuel for the diesel vehicles on the grounds and no longer pose a pollution issue. But how do we solve the thighs and stomach problem? Blue Bracelet Benefits Last summer St. Paul s School Sixth Form student Benjamin Karp launched a campaign to benefit children at his hometown hospital in New Orleans and uncovered tremendous support. As of April he had raised over $2,000 in sales of $2 blue rubber bracelets that bear the words The Children of New Orleans, the name of his foundation that supports the pediatrics department of Tulane University Medical Center, New Orleans only inner-city hospital dedicated solely to children. Ben Karp 08 has sold more than 1,000 blue bracelets and he is not even close to being done. Karp came to SPS as one of three students admitted when New Orleans was devastated by Hurricane Katrina. Ever since arriving, he knew he wanted to do something to help the community he left behind. While interning last summer with John Kerry 62, he noted the Mass. Senator s Livestrong bracelet and decided to make his own similar bracelet to benefit the children of New Orleans. Many years ago the hospital came to his aid when he was in a devastating car accident. He wants to make sure the facility recovers from the flood damage and always is available to help others as it helped him. For more information and to buy a bracelet, go to

11 189,000 Minutes of Homework These fun statistics were put together by the College Advising office. If you are a Sixth Former and you have been here since your Third Form year, you have probably... and staff members and their partners. Clark referred to the Master Players as a strong community builder. It s a St. Paul s family effort, she said. Frates 85 Becomes New President attended 420 Chapel services participated in 630 practices checked in with the adviser in your house 735 times eaten 2,205 meals in Coit (not including take-out) engaged in 2,520 classes completed 189,000 minutes of homework Master Players are Back A f t e r a break of six years, the M a s t e r Players of St. Paul s S c h o o l were back this February performing a series of one-act scripts written by faculty spouse Barbara Pacelli. As recorded in Horae Scholasticae, the Master Players staged their first theatrical performance in 1928 as histrionically inclined masters and their wives made their highly successful debut before the School the evening of April 12 with two short plays: The Monkey s Paw and The Florist Shop. Since that debut, the Master Players, believed to be the oldest faculty drama group in the country, have presented 60 plays in an irregular schedule. Arts faculty member Annie Clark directed this year s Lotus Envy and Other Plays. Cast members included Marcia Matthews, Alumni Association Director Tina Abramson 82, Senior Master Bill Faulkner, Priscilla Clark, wife of former Rector Kelly Clark, and several faculty Conroy Visitor Brinkley For two days in April, Conroy Visitor Douglas Brinkley shared his encyclopedic knowledge of American history with the St. Paul s community, over lunch in the Reading Room, with a pair of humanities classes in Payson, and in an hour-long Memorial Hall presentation. In Memorial Hall, he tied past presidents, their elections, and their legacies to the 2008 contest. He spoke seamlessly about the presidencies of Thomas Jefferson to Bill Clinton and referenced the little-remembered first secretary of the Continental Congress Charles Thomson, protector of the original Declaration of Independence and America s first archivist, connecting his obscurity with the manipulation of history that still occurs today. He answered student questions about the legacy of George W. Bush and the impact the 2008 Democratic presidential nomination will have on the legacies of hopefuls Hillary Clinton and Barack Obama. The students here are politically informed, he said. I can tell they are not only interested in their own futures, but that of their country as well. Brinkley, familiar to many as the resident historian for CBS News, is a history professor at Rice University and a fellow at the James Baker III Institute of Public Policy. Jim Frates (l.) is congratulated by Jim Waterbury. James M. Frates 85 was elected in April by the Alumni Association Board of Directors (Form Directors) as the next President of the Association to serve a term beginning July 1, 2008 to July 1, The election took place April 10 in New York City at the Alumni Association Board of Directors meeting. Frates was elected by the majority of directors voting. With experience as the chief financial officer of a public company, and extensive involvement in the Alumni Association since graduation from SPS, he brings management skill, vision, and a deep love for the School to the leadership of the Alumni Association, said outgoing President James M. Waterbury 75. I anticipate working closely with him in the interim to ensure a smooth transition. This was one of the most robust elections for an Alumni Association officer that has been held in recent memory a testament to the Association s commitment to a more democratic and open process, Waterbury said. Nominations were solicited from the alumni community through , web-based newsletters, and a notice in Alumni Horae. The nominations were vetted by the nominating committee, which checked references and sent all nominations forward. For each of the candidates, their photos, personal statements, and resumes were presented to the alumni community, and Form Directors were asked to talk with each other and with their forms in advance of casting their votes. I would like to once again thank each of the candidates Laura Bartsch 86, Jim Frates 85, Talie Ward Harris 77, Mory Houghton 70 and Rutledge Simmons 85 for agreeing to stand for election and for their willingness to serve the Alumni Association and St. Paul s School, and I d like to congratulate Jim Frates on his election, Waterbury said. The Association President serves a two-year term. He or she represents the Alumni Association working with alumni and School leaders to advance the mission of the Association. In addition, the President is responsible for appointing members of the Executive Committee. He or she chairs their meetings, meetings of the Board of Directors, and the full membership of the Alumni Association. The President also serves on the Board of Trustees for a three-year term. 9

12 action Author Urges All to Embrace Love Speaking of the confirmation of humanity through acknowledgment of others, author Mark Mathabane delivered a sermon to the St. Paul s School community during the Winter Evensong in Chapel in January. Born and raised in South Africa, Mathabane is the author of several books, including the best-selling memoir Kaffir Boy, in which he recounts his story of coming of age in the Apartheid era. He left South Africa in 1978 at the age of 18 to attend college in the United States on a tennis scholarship and subsequently earned his master s in journalism from Columbia University. In his sermon, Mathabane said that he identifies with the conversion of St. Paul, explaining that he experienced something similar as an Apartheid-raised boy who had been taught to hate white people. He said the compassion shown to him by a white nun who helped him enroll in school changed him. This led me to this faith we all share in common humanity. Mathabane spoke of the need to embrace love and to use it to break down the barriers... to form alliances. Use it to protect the earth... to bring peace to nations... to celebrate the marvelous diversity of humankind. Screenwriters Visit SPS Screenwriters Jamie Vanderbilt 92 and David Coggeshall 94 visited St. Paul s as Schlesinger Writers-in-Residence in April, conducting two scriptwriting sessions and one on auditioning in Hollywood. In the screenwriting workshops, students learned what makes a good script in terms of pacing and structure, and what makes a screenplay attract the attention of movie executives. They showed students the first 15 minutes of the John Cusack movie Grosse Pointe Blank and followed it with a dissection of the opening scenes from a writer s vantage point. In another exercise designed to help students further break down filmic structure, Coggeshall and Vanderbilt asked them to reverse-engineer their favorite films to analyze their plot twists, character development, and timing. Close friends since their St. Paul s days, both Vanderbilt and Coggeshall are in the midst of successful careers in L.A. Vanderbilt received critical acclaim for Zodiac, which received five nominations for best screenplay from various societies. Coggeshall has written pilots for two melodramas that have aired on MyNetwork TV, Watch Over Me and Desire. The Schlesinger program, established in memory of John- Christophe Schlesinger 92, offers SPS students an opportunity to speak and work with professional writers. 10 8,000 Cigarette Butts In just over a mile-long stretch of Pleasant Street, a group of St. Paul s School students collected 8,000 cigarette butts in less than three hours from one side of the road that leads to the main entrance of the School. There were a lot more than we thought there would be, said Carol Liu 09. And cigarette butts are really toxic to the soil. I just learned that today. Collecting discarded cigarettes was one of 22 workshops designed to help students celebrate Earth Day. Classes were cancelled on April 22 so Earth Day Festivities faculty and staff could lead students in a variety of workshops geared to raising environmental consciousness. Among the day s options for students were nature journaling and songwriting, fly fishing, nature walks, creative recycling projects, exploration of alternative energy, and environmentalism and spirituality. One group worked with fine arts faculty members and environmental artist Mark Ragonese to construct a natural sculpture made from saplings to arch over the walkway to Coit. Another team learned about converting waste vegetable oil to fuel using the School s new biodiesel processor. Several students explored plans for the School s organic garden while others led scavenger hunts and created natural art with kids at the Children s Learning Center. Oh, and what Earth Day task list would be complete without tree planting?

13 Memories Different Voices Join as One by Caryn Cross Hawk 76 Reflections from the Alumni of Color Weekend at St. Paul s (April 18-20, 2008) Among the many poignant moments I experienced during the recent Alumni of Color Weekend at SPS, perhaps the most moving was when the Gospel Choir sang in the Old Chapel during the Sunday service. At the service our son, Shawn Timothy Cross Hawk 09, was among those gospel choir members who sang a moving rendition of one of my contemporary gospel favorites, Now Behold The Lamb. It brought back memories of when my friend Marian Vanessa Bowen 75 and I were the founders and directors of Nayo the first gospel choir formed at SPS in the fall of Nayo means We Bring Joy in Swahili. The idea for forming a gospel choir at St. Paul s came after Mike Russell 72 performed in Memorial Hall one Saturday night with the Kuumba Singers. They were and continue to be a group of phenomenal singers of gospel and other spirituals songs that Mike helped to establish at Harvard. The afro-wearing black men and women were clad in the most beautiful and colorful African clothing that I had ever seen; I could not have been more impressed and pleased to have them perform and visit with us. Kuumba means creativity in Swahili and is one of the seven principles of Kwanzaa, an African-American holiday. Dorien Nunez 75, another original member of Nayo gospel choir, also attended the Sunday service. We even talked about how it was no coincidence that we both followed in Mike Russell s footsteps and went on to graduate from Harvard having both been impressed and impacted by Mike and his group when they visited the School in the spring, There were a few differences that I My husband, Shawn, and I were among the more than 30 alumni and their families who returned to the School in support of students of color who had been targeted by very vicious and racially motivated hate mail. Given the recent events at various colleges and universities in the past several years, this kind of threat was not taken lightly, by the School, students, parents or alumni. The weekend was conceived and planned by concerned alumni of color in collaboration with the School, in part to support and encourage students who had received this hateful and threatening correspondence. Caryn Cross Hawk 76 noticed immediately between Nayo and the current Gospel Choir. Nayo was composed of members of what was then known as the Third World Coalition (a student group that included Asian, Black, Latino, and Native American students). A rough equivalent today is the Student Cultural Alliance. Today the Gospel Choir includes representatives from all members of the SPS community (even a teacher!). This was wonderful to see, since this is evidence that gospel music is more a part of mainstream musical tastes than it was in the 70 s. The backgrounds of the current students are African, African-American, Asian, Asian-American, Caribbean-American, European-American and Latino. The director is a black male. The pianist is a white male. I was the director and pianist and Marion was assistant director. The choir s uniform these days is black pants and skirts and white shirts. In the 70 s we wore African-inspired flowing dresses and dashikis. I should note that I was an unlikely co-founder of a gospel choir. My parents had coerced (probably closer to forced) me to join the gospel choir at my Baptist church in Chicago, and like most teenagers, I resented it. I was an unenthusiastic member and participated because I had to. I thought that when I became a student at SPS I would not have to participate in such activities because I had the freedom that is still so cherished by current 11

14 Memories The current Choir 2008 The Nayo Gospel Choir, spring 1975 Back row (l. to r.): Jaunine Clark 77, Marie-Guilene Cherenfant 77, Marian Vanessa Bowens 75, Maria Perez 75, Caryn Cross Hawk 76, Leslie Groves 78, and Addie Burns 75; front row (l. to r.): Grace Tung 76, Dorien Nunez 75, Annette Frazier Gilbert 76, Evan Plynton 75, Vivian Ng 78 and Claude Sloan students. By the time I was in the Fifth Form, I realized how much comfort, encouragement, and joy singing did bring to me. I took on the task of organizing the choir not because my parents made me, but because I genuinely wanted to do it and felt it was my responsibility to bring a different musical perspective to the SPS community. The irony that my son has voluntarily joined the gospel choir at SPS is not lost on me. My husband and I made him participate in the gospel choir at our church in Chicago for many years. It would be an understatement to say he was not pleased about it. He emphatically told us he would not be going to church or singing in any choirs when he got to St. Paul s. So it was with great surprise and pleasure that we learned he had joined the gospel choir in Third Form, and we are pleased that he has remained a dedicated and enthusiastic member. Experiencing the diversity of the gospel choir and seeing my son as part of that group on Sunday brought tears of joy to my eyes. This was the first time I had seen the group perform. A choir is the perfect metaphor for what SPS and America can and should be all about everyone blending their unique voices to make beautiful music. A gospel choir is one of the few original American music forms such as jazz, rhythm and blues, and now hip hop. These are art forms that black people introduced to the American scene, and they have been quickly embraced by Americans and music lovers all over the world. It was a surreal experience as I watched the Gospel Choir perform in the Old Chapel the place where Nayo had practiced and performed on so many occasions. While the name of the group has changed, the spirit of the group has not. I am so pleased and humbled that students have continued a tradition that I had the privilege of helping to begin. The gospel choir now Standing center back is the author s son Shawn Timothy Cross Hawk 09.

15 Praying for Good Grades and other stories of Life at St. Paul s by Bayard King 40 In his self-published memoir, Around the World with Bayard King, King reflects on his almost 30 years as a U.S. Foreign Service officer in Baghdad, Australia, Latin America, and Africa and on his early experiences at St. Paul s School. What appears below is an except from the chapter on St. Paul s School. King died at the age of 85 on January 1, His obituary will appear in a future issue of Alumni Horae. I was not the first in my family to attend St. Paul s School. Both my grandfathers did, by a coincidence, and several others of earlier generations. And my father, uncle, and brother, all attended. The first rector, the intimidating Rev. Dr. Henry Augustus Coit was a total autocrat and a great influence on my grandfather s stay there in the 1870s. Grandfather made him my father s godfather in He terrified the students and I remember my great uncle Frederic Rhinelander who had graduated from the school in 1877 telling me in 1940, when he was 80, and Dr. Coit had been dead for 45 years, that if I saw Dr. Coit walking down the street today, I would shake in my shoes. My mother recounted an amusing anecdote about SPS involving her father, my grandfather Benoni Lockwood (SPS 1883). President James A. Garfield, elected in 1880, was shot by a deranged, disappointed office seeker in July 1881 and died a couple of months later. The assassin, Charles Guiteau, was of course in jail and my grandfather, then 15, thought it would be interesting to obtain his autograph. He sent his request to the prisoner, who obliged. When Dr. Coit and the SPS authorities heard of this exchange, they considered it, in the high Victorian era, almost as a crime and threatened to expel young Benoni. It required the intervention of Ben s prestigious Civil War hero father to avert the proposed expulsion. When I was there in the 1930s, there remained some rules which seemed to date from the previous century: white stiff collars every evening, blue suits on Sundays and obligatory daily chapel services with two services on Sundays. Smoking or drinking resulted in expulsion. For most of my six years there, the rector was the Rev. Dr. Samuel Drury, also intimidating but with some humanity. I did not do too well during my first two years and one day, Dr. Drury took me to his office and said to me, You know, you are the only boy in the school both of whose grandfathers are alumni and you owe it to them to do better in your school work... Let us pray together that you will improve. We did and I did. I liked SPS very much; it gave me a good Episcopal religious foundation, an excellent education and the chance to meet students there who became lifelong friends. Green Plate Mystery Former Head of SPS Security Brian Murphy threw us a curve ball the other day when he walked in carrying a green St. Paul s School plate. We have done stories in this magazine about the history of the red and blue plates (Fall/Winter 2002, pg. 185) but none of us had heard of a green plate. Murph bought it from a collector in Ohio. Does anyone know why the School made green plates? Anyone else own one? Let us know. Send in your thoughts to 13

16 athletics 14 Coach Tory Glowacky (with ball) discusses strategy at a practice early in the season. What Happened to Softball? By Jana Brown, SPS Writer If baseball is America s game then softball is its beloved sister. But those distinctions didn t stop the International Olympic Committee from announcing in 2005 that both sports would be dropped after this summer s Olympics in Beijing, primarily because of America s dominance in sports concentrated in North America. And that dominance is likely to continue. National statistics show that softball remains among the top activities for youth participants under age 12 in the U.S. In an annual statistical extravaganza compiled by the Sporting Goods Manufacturers Association of America a report that would make any self-respecting data lover drool softball still stands tall with a growth rate of 70 percent between 1990 and 2006, making it the second-fastestgrowing girls sport behind soccer (177 percent). Still, statistics published in the same report U.S. Trends in Team Sports show that fast-pitch softball participation rates peak by the age of 12, indicating that high school athletes are ditching the gloves and bats and choosing other fitness options instead. At St. Paul s and other institutions in the Independent School League, that trend has become noticeable in the last decade and a half and particularly noteworthy more recently. In only one of my 14 years here have we had a JV softball team, said SPS Athletic Director Liesbeth Hirschfeld. Usually, it s touch-and-go, although this year the numbers are up so that s good news. Why has America s game failed to catch on with high school athletes? At St. Paul s, Hirschfeld said, student-athletes are sometimes torn between playing a sport they have known throughout their childhood and trying something new. Perhaps it s part of the New England prep school culture, but the pull of crew has certainly taken its toll on softball diamonds. I did crew last spring, said Zoe Williams 10. I thought since so many people were starting crew for the first time it would be easy to learn. In a fortunate twist for the softballfriendly, Williams decided crew was not for her after a year on the water and this spring opted for softball. I ve had absolutely no exposure to soft- ball other than my dad trying to get me to throw a baseball with him every once in a while, admitted Williams. Inexperience is challenging for softball coaches such as second-year SPS boss Tory Glowacky. On the first day of practice this spring, Glowacky directed some of her players to the infield and, rather than action, was met with blank stares and a question: What s an infield? Seven of the 14 players on Glowacky s varsity roster this spring either have no prior experience or, in some cases, have never seen softball or baseball played. I think I can claim to be the least-everexperienced softball player here, said Canadian Victoria Willes 10. My first question at the first practice was, So this is what a softball looks like? I went home that night and Googled and Wikipediaed softball so as to be aware of such basic things as bases and that to score you had to run around all of them. To combat the inexperience, Glowacky and assistant coach Angie Lyons are turning to the basics in a sort of show-nottell philosophy. Glowacky has shown her team videos of high-level college softball games so they can visually absorb as many competitive situations as possible. The team has also taken field trips to observe the game. Lastly, Glowacky has been forced to prioritize her coaching points. I was using the word bunt and some of the girls were wondering what that meant, she said. My challenge as a coach is to figure out what they need to know and how to break it down for them. It s such a complex game even for those who know it. I try to relay what they need to know to get them through the day. Attracting strong softball players, like anything else, is a challenge of the admissions process. However, numbers from the last several admissions cycles show that there is no lack of softball aptitude in the applicant pool. In fact, the number of prospective students who list softball as an interest appears to be on the rise. In , 16 potential students listed softball as an interest. Compare that to

17 applicants for the school year 53 of whom listed softball among their passions. It can be a little deceiving, said Glowacky of the admissions numbers. The process assumes that interest means participation when they get to St. Paul s. We also get the type of kid here who likes to try something new. Still, she added, the program may be one strong pitcher away from turning the corner. In softball, the pitcher is like the quarterback in football. One player can make a huge impact. Continuing with the numbers game, athletic participation data at St. Paul s shows an average of only 15 participants in the softball program between 2002 and Crew, including junior varsity and club, attracted a yearly average of 59 female participants in the same time frame. Lacrosse boasted 35 players at two levels in the same six-year span. St. Paul s is not the only New England school seeing a decline in its softball numbers. At Noble and Greenough, Assistant Athletic Director Rob Feingold said there are 20 girls in the current softball program, which includes a feeder team used to develop new players. Feingold hypothesizes that the decline may be a regional thing related to a climate (think lots of snow) that s less than conducive to softball. Bill Whitmore, athletic director at Milton Academy, reported a drop in participation in his program over the last three seasons. In 2005, 17 players wore the varsity softball uniform for Milton. That number dropped to 12 in 2006 and 11 in Milton does, however, offer a junior varsity squad, which typically fields about 11 players. I think there s a combination of reasons for this, said Whitmore. Girls who were playing soccer and softball are now persuaded to play one sport four seasons a year. And lacrosse hasn t helped either. It has definitely diluted the softball population. Even at St. George s, home to one of the top softball teams in the ISL, coach Holly Williams said only 25 girls are split between varsity and JV this spring. And despite the team s success, softball expertise does not always come along with the athletes. She acknowledged that, At the varsity level we have quite a range of backgrounds in softball. Glowacky grew up in softball-obsessed New Jersey, where youth leagues and adult softball clubs seem to sprout up in the spring as naturally as buds on trees. She is baffled by the inexperience she has seen in the last two years. I was wondering what they were doing as kids growing up in America and not playing softball, she said lightheartedly. But it s a totally different process now. Sports are not always just for fun. They are a means to an end. There is pressure to get into college, and for some good athletes the opportunity to participate in a strong crew program instead is more appealing. Still, there are many positives to this story. Glowacky couldn t be happier with the positive attitude and work ethic of her players, who have dedicated themselves wholly to softball this spring. Fifth Form co-captains Casey Blossom and Caroline Fawcett boast 25 years of playing experience between them. Hirschfeld reported that the School has approved an overhaul of the softball field for next year, which should result in improved field conditions. We strongly believe in the softball program, she said. We will continue to support it and give the players the best resources available. Winter Sports Highlights School spirit shined through for the March prep hockey championship. When the first fan bus filled up at galactic speed, the School added a second so students could travel to Salem, N.H., to support the boys hockey team in its New England championship weekend. Adorned with face paint, the frenzied crowd cheered the Big Red through a semifinal win over South Kent and a heartbreaking OT final loss to Avon Old Farms. Jason Bourgea 08 (65 points) and Ben Albertson 08 combined for 125 points on the year. In other action, the boys squash team captured the Class A crown. Jamie Wilson 08 and Nick Kourides 09 earned individual titles. Meanwhile, the girls Nordic team continued its regional dominance, winning its eighth consecutive NEPSAC title with captain Steph Crocker 08 earning her fourth straight individual honor. Alpine skier Tim Coogan 09, captured the NEPSAC slalom title at the Class A championship race on Bromley Mountain. That same week, the girls squash team participated in the U.S. High School Team Squash Championships, placing eighth in the nation. Finally, the wrestling team boasted a pair of decorated athletes in Victor Haug 08 and Grant Wilson 08. Haug (171) earned most outstanding wrestler at the Graves-Kelsey Tournament while Wilson (189) was named to the prep school All-America team. Sports Summary Varsity BOYS WON LOST TIED Basketball Hockey Squash Alpine Skiing Nordic Skiing Wrestling VARSITY GIRLS Basketball Hockey Squash Alpine Skiing Nordic Skiing Varsity Total JV BOYS WON LOST TIED Basketball Hockey Squash JV GIRLS Basketball Hockey Squash JV Total GRAND TOTALS

18 16

19 A yellow tang, Zebrasoma flavescens, and a kole, Ctenochaetus strigosus, two targeted aquarium species, swim by several corals, one, Meandrina, with bleached tips. Is Coral the Canary? by Stosh Thompson 62 Coral reefs are suffering from human impact and rising temperatures. Some scientists predict that the Great Barrier Reef will be dead in 30 years and all coral reefs will be gone by the end of the century. Marine biologist Stosh Thompson 62 is hoping to learn how marine protected areas (MPAs) in Hawaii might have the ability to slow reef destruction and actually repopulate fish species in the area. He hopes such studies will offer hope to repairing or slowing reef destruction in the future. 17

20 The biodiversity of coral reefs has attracted the attention of marine ecologists for decades as a home to 25 percent of known marine species including 4,000 species of fish and 700 species of coral. More recently coral reefs have gained attention from a broader audience as the canary in the mineshaft of global climate change. Marine scientists were among the first to sound the alarm for global warming, having a front row seat at the drama in the form of coral reef bleaching, the outward sign that coral is beginning to die. For several decades human impacts on coral reefs have included overfishing, agricultural runoff, sedimentation, pollution, physical damage from boats and anchors, and destructive fishing techniques such as dynamiting and cyanide bleaching. Even dramatic increases in coral diseases and predation by the crown-of-thorns starfish have been linked to human impact. But now, overlying all of these, is the dire specter of global warming. When coral reefs are stressed by human impact, bleaching is dramatically exacerbated when temperatures begin to rise. Coral species are members of the Phylum Cnidaria, which includes anemones and jellyfish. Living coral consists of colonies of tiny anemone-like polyps, which secrete an exoskeleton of calcium carbonate (limestone). Together the interconnected skeletons create coral heads which may take the shape of lobes, fingers, plates, lace or a variety of other forms. Reefs form when living coral is built on existing corals and calcareous plants, accumulated over hundreds or thousands of years. Coral reefs can take the form of small isolated patch reefs, fringing reefs along shorelines, barrier reefs with intervening lagoons, or island atolls. Coral heads get their color from microscopic symbiotic algae that live within the polyps. The algae are known as zooxanthellae, which contain oxygen-producing chlorophyll. They supply the polyps with up to 90 percent of their food, and, in return, the algae receive critical metabolic nutrients and a safe place to live. Supplemented by products from other organisms, this mutual exchange allows corals to thrive in otherwise nutrient-poor waters. At night, polyps supplement their diet by extending their tentacles like tiny anemones to feed on plankton. The temperature range within which coral polyps and their associated algae can survive is extremely narrow and varies between species. Generally, reef-building corals grow best between 68 and 86 degrees F. (20-30 degrees C.), so they are confined to the latitudes between the two Tropics. When corals are heated even slightly beyond their upper limit, the algae are expelled by the polyps. The corals lose their color and take on the pure white of the underlying calcium carbonate. Termed bleaching, this constitutes a form of starvation for the coral. If the condition persists for more than a few months, it is irreversible and the coral dies. As early as the 1980s, studies revealed that human impacts and rising sea surface temperatures were causing coral reef bleaching events worldwide. Even a slight temperature rise can cause bleaching, but the el niño event of 1998 caused temperatures to reach heights never previously observed in many areas. The result was widespread bleaching and coral die-off, in which 16 percent of the world s coral was killed. At about the same time, scientists were observing a rise in carbon dioxide in the atmosphere and predicting potentially serious consequences worldwide. Further studies have revealed that the rise in CO2 also presents another threat to coral reefs, by directly raising acidification of the sea surface water and making it harder for the polyps to secrete calcium carbonate. I have been diving on coral reefs since I was 19 years old, earning my diving certification card as a freshman at Yale, where I majored in biology and became interested in marine science. After graduation, I went to the University of California s Scripps Institution of Oceanography with a commission in the Navy. After the war, I transferred to the Berkeley campus and switched my emphasis to terrestrial ecology. I split my time equally between a ranch in Oregon and Berkeley for five years, long enough to convert the property into a productive agricultural operation and complete my Ph.D. in zoology. Armed with an academic credential, I began a two-decade campaign of conservation in Oregon. I was able to help create a new Wilderness Area, expand an existing Wilderness Area, and create a National Volcanic Monument, while establishing restrictions on development within my home county as a county planning commissioner. During the 80s, I began taking bareboat sailing vacations in the Bahamas and rediscovered my passion for diving and my first love: marine research. I began studying coral reefs with the tools I had acquired as a young marine ecologist at Scripps. During my studies, I have observed dramatic changes in virtually all the reefs I have monitored in the Bahamas, French Polynesia and the Caribbean. I am now working in Hawaii, where I founded a not-forprofit organization, Marine Environmental Research, or MER (in honor of Jacques Cousteau, of course). In the late 70s, my good friend and classmate Dr. Monty Downs 62, introduced me to diving in Hawaii. The Hawaiian Islands compose the most isolated archipelago in the world. Despite their location in the middle of the North Pacific, approximately 5,000 species of invertebrates (including 50 species of corals), 680 species of fishes, and numerous species of seaweeds live in the Hawaiian Islands. Their 18

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