1 * COMPARISON OF EQUALITY * COMPARATIVE FORM * SUPERLATIVE FORM Profª Danielle Caceres da Silva
2 * ADJECTIVES hot cold happy sad attractive beautiful young old clean cloudy elegant crazy difficult slow fast big short small etc... De modo geral: Palavra que descreve, qualifica ou caracteriza o ser ou objeto designado pelo substantivo. (Dic. Aurélio) sad crazy elegant hot cold happy GIRL DAY
3 * COMPARISON OF EQUALITY Quando pessoas, objetos, animais, lugares são comparados e possuem características iguais. O leão é tão bonito quanto o tigre James é tão alto quanto Ton
4 AS + ADJECTIVE + AS Então... tão quanto O leão é tão bonito quanto o tigre The lion is as beautiful as the tiger (Adjective) James é tão alto quanto Ton James is as tall as Ton (Adjective)
5 EXAMPLES São Paulo is as big as Rio de Janeiro The white house is as small as brown house They are as crazy as the boy over there. You are as good as the girls. These cars are as fast as the other cars New York is as cold as Washington D. C. Verb to be is = SINGULAR are = PLURAL
6 * COMPARATIVE FORM Algo ou alguém se destaca em relação ao outro. O Egito é mais antigo do que Nova Iorque. Matemática é mais difícil do que Inglês.
7 ADJECTIVES Big Small Slow Fast Quiet Happy Tall Short Cold Hot Ugly New Old Young Funny Shy Short (curto) 1 ou 2 sílabas Cheap Long Lazy Sad Nice Easy Clean Dirty Pretty Clever Lucky Rich High Low Strong etc... Difficult Elegant Serious Pessimistic Optimistic Interesting Outgoing Energetic Intelligent Confident Beautiful Nervous Glamorous Handsome Adorable Important Long (longo) 3 ou mais sílabas Embarrassed Delicious Numerous Obedient Gigantic Mysterious Jealous Repulsive Powerful Motivated Experienced Famous Sufficient Expensive Modern etc...
8 COMPARISON WITH SHORT ADJECTIVES Adjetivos CURTOS Acrescenta-se -ER + THAN * O Egito é mais antigo do que Nova Iorque. Egypt is older than New York. old = short adjective (curto) * O avião é mais rápido do que o carro. An airplane is faster than a car. fast = short adjective (curto)
9 EXAMPLES Jazz is easier than ballet. easy = easy (i) Ton is happier than Alan. happy (i) My house is uglier than mine. ugly (i) Consonant Rio Preto is hotter than SP. hot = C(h)V(o)C(t) = dobra a última letra China is bigger than Peru. big = CVC Julie is sadder than Monica. sad = CVC An elephant is stronger than ant.
10 COMPARISON WITH LONG ADJECTIVES Adjetivos LONGOS Acrescenta-se MORE + ADJECTIVE + THAN (common form) * Matemática é mais difícil do que Inglês. Math is more difficult than English. long adjective (longo) * Um avião é mais caro do que um carro. An airplane is more expensive than a car. long adjective (longo)
11 EXAMPLES Liz is more elegant than Rose. Ohio is more beautiful than North Dakota. John is more handsome than Bob. Pizza is more delicious than nuggets. Bill is more outgoing than Robs. Twilight book are more interesting than Harry Potter books. An airplane is more expensive than a car. Julie is more jealous than Tom.
12 EXCEPTIONS Irregular Adjectives Form ADJECTIVE COMPARATIVE EXAMPLE Good Better She runs better than I do. Bad Worse I m a bad driver, but he drives worse than I do. Far Farther, Further My house is farther away than yours. Little Less She has less time than I do.
13 * SUPERLATIVE FORM Algo ou alguém se destaca em relação ao resto. Meu pai é a pessoa mais alta que eu conheço. Meu pai Pessoas que eu conheço Gabi é a menina mais bonita da escola. Menina mais bonita Meninas da escola
14 SUPERLATIVE WITH SHORT ADJECTIVES Adjetivos CURTOS ADJECTIVE + -EST Meu pai é a pessoa mais alta que eu conheço. My father is the tallest person that I know. tall = short adjective (curto) Rio Grande do Sul é o estado mais frio do Brasil. Rio Grande do Sul is the coldest state in Brazil. cold = short adjective (curto)
15 EXAMPLES English is the easiest language that I know. eazy Jane is the prettiest girl in my neighborhood. pretty Suzi is the happiest person in my family. happy John is the youngest in his class. Turtle is the slowest animal in the world. The Nile is the longest river in the world. Tom is the oldest boy in his course.
16 SUPERLATIVE WITH LONG ADJECTIVES THE MOST + ADJECTIVE Adjetivos LONGOS Gabi é a menina mais bonita da escola. Gabi is the most beautiful girl in school. beautiful = long adjective (longo) EUA é o país mais poderoso do mundo. USA is the most powerful country in the world. powerful = long adjective (longo)
17 EXAMPLES Egypt is the most elegant country that I know. Bell is the most outgoing girl in my class. Jim is the most jealous person in my family. For me, pasta is the most delicious food. MercedesBenz is the most expensive car in that store. Romeo and Juliet is the most interesting play. The dogs is the most animal in the world.
18 EXCEPTIONS Irregular Adjectives Form ADJECTIVE SUPERLATIVE EXAMPLE Good Best Bill and Bob are the best students in my class. Bad Worst The rainy day is the worst day to go to the park. Far Farthest, Furthest North Pole is farthest place that I know. Little Least This is the place least attractive I've ever been.
19 REVIEW COMPARATIVE AND SUPERLATIVE Short Adjectives: COMPARATIVE Alex is taller than Max. Finland is colder than Brazil. Ants are smaller than elephants. Eagle is faster than parrot. SUPERLATIVE Alex is the tallest student in our class. Finland is the coldest country that I visited. Ants are the smallest insect in my collection. Eagle is the fastest bird. Bob is sadder than Michael. Bob is the saddest boy that I know.
20 Long Adjectives: COMPARATIVE Oregon is more beautiful than Tennessee. Julie is more interesting than Sophia. A bed is more comfortable than a couch to sleep. Philip is more adorable than my uncle. Vin is more outgoing than his brother. SUPERLATIVE Oregon is the most beautiful state in USA. Julie is the most interesting girl in our class. A bed is the most comfortable furniture to sleep. Philip is the most adorable person in my family. Vin is the most outgoing boy in the party.
21 REVIEW IRREGULAR ADJECTIVES FORMS ADJECTIVE COMPARATIVE SUPERLATIVE Good Better Best Bad Worse Worst Far Farther, Further Farthest, Furthest Little Less Least
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