Data Center Energy Efficiency. SC07 Birds of a Feather November, 2007 Bill Tschudi

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Data Center Energy Efficiency. SC07 Birds of a Feather November, 2007 Bill Tschudi wftschudi@lbl.gov"

Transcription

1 Data Center Energy Efficiency SC07 Birds of a Feather November, 2007 Bill Tschudi

2 Benchmark results helped to find best practices The ratio of IT equipment power to the total (or its inverse) is an indicator of relative overall efficiency. Examination of individual systems and components in the centers that performed well helped to identify best practices.

3 Percentage of electricity delivered to IT equipment IT Power to Total Data Center Power Average Ratio Higher is better Source: LBNL Benchmarking Data Center Number

4 Performance varies The relative percentages of the energy actually doing computing varies considerably. Computer Loads 67% Office Space Conditioning 1% Electrical Room Cooling 4% Cooling Tower Plant 4% Lighting 2% Other 13% Data Center Server Load 51% Lighting 2% HVAC - Chiller and Pumps 24% HVAC - Air Movement 7% Data Center CRAC Units 25%

5 Typical power use Computer/System Architecture System Architecture / Power Engineering Facility Design / Mechanical Design Courtesy of Michael Patterson, Intel Corporation

6 Energy efficiency opportunities are everywhere Better air management Move to liquid cooling Load management Optimized chilled-water plants Server innovation Use of free cooling Power Conversion & Distribution Server Load/ Computing Operations Cooling Equipment High voltage distribution Use of DC power Highly efficient UPS systems Efficient redundancy strategies Alternative Power Generation On-site generation Waste heat for cooling Use of renewable energy/fuel cells

7 Best practices topics identified through benchmarking HVAC Air Delivery Water Systems Air management Air economizers Humidification controls alternatives Cooling plant optimization Free cooling Variable speed pumping Facility Electrical Systems UPS systems Self generation AC-DC Distribution IT Equipment Power Supply efficiency Sleep/standby loads IT equip fans Cross-cutting / misc. issues Motor efficiency Right sizing Variable speed drives Centralized air handlers Direct liquid cooling Low pressure drop air distribution Variable speed Chillers Standby generation Lighting Maintenance Commissioning/continuous benchmarking Fan efficiency Heat recovery Redundancies Method of charging for space and power Building envelope

8 A word about appropriate environmental conditions ASHRAE published thermal guidelines All IT suppliers participated and agreed Guidelines allow most centers to relax setpoints HPC community agrees Recommended and allowable ranges of temperature and humidity are provided at the inlet to the IT equipment High temperatures in the hot aisles and return to air conditioners are desirable.

9 Humidity guidelines at the inlet to IT equipment ASHRAE HUMIDITY GUIDELINES ASHRAE Allowable Maximum % Relative Humidity ASHRAE Recommended Maximum ASHRAE Recommended Minimum ASHRAE Allowable Minimum

10 Temperature guidelines at the inlet to IT equipment ASHRAE TEMPERATURE GUIDELINES 100 Degrees F ASHRAE Allowable Maximum ASHRAE Recommended Maximum ASHRAE Recommended Minimum ASHRAE Allowable Minimum 40

11 Air management best scenario isolate cold and hot º 70-75º

12 Another isolation scheme

13 Measured fan energy savings 75% If mixing of cold supply air with hot return air can be eliminated- fan speed can be reduced

14 Better temperature control can allow raising the temperature in the entire data center! Cold Aisle NW - PGE12813 Baseline Alternate 1 ASHRAE Recommended Range Setup 80 Setup Alternate 2 75 Temperature (deg F) Low 45 Med High 40 6/13/2006 6/14/2006 0:00 6/14/2006 6/15/2006 0:00 6/15/2006 6/16/2006 0:00 6/16/2006 Time Ranges during demonstration

15 See the problem areas Infrared thermography and CFD modeling can be used as visualization tools

16 Best practices Free cooling with air economizers HVAC Air Delivery Water Systems Air management Air economizers Humidification controls alternatives Cooling plant optimization Free cooling Variable speed pumping Facility Electrical Systems UPS systems Self generation AC-DC Distribution IT Equipment Power Supply efficiency Sleep/standby loads IT equip fans Cross-cutting / misc. issues Motor efficiency Right sizing Variable speed drives Centralized air handlers Direct liquid cooling Low pressure drop air distribution Variable speed Chillers Standby generation Lighting Maintenance Commissioning/continuous benchmarking Fan efficiency Heat recovery Redundancies Method of charging for space and power Building envelope

17 Encouraging outside air economizers Issue: Many are reluctant to use air economizers Outdoor pollutants and humidity control considered equipment risk Goal: Encourage use of outside air economizers where climate is appropriate Strategy: Address concerns: contamination/humidity control Quantify energy savings benefits

18 Outdoor measurements Outdoor Measurments Fine Particulate Matter 160 IBM Standard Particle Conc. ( μg/m 3 ) LBNL NERSC Center 3 Center 4 Center 5 Center 6 Center 7 Center 8 20 EPA 24-Hour Health Standard 0 EPA Annual Health Standard and ASHRAE Standard

19 Measurements inside the centers Indoor Measurments Fine Particulate Matter 160 IBM Standard Particle Conc. ( μg/m 3 ) LBNL NERSC Center 3 Center 4 Center 5 Center 6 Center 7 Center 8 20 EPA 24-Hour Health Standard 0 EPA Annual Health Standard and ASHRAE Standard

20 Data center w/economizer 100 Center 8 w/economizer Particulate Matter Particle Conc. (μg/m 3 ) Outside Outside (PostFilter) PreServer RmAmb /18/06 0:00 8/18/06 8/19/06 0:00 8/19/06 8/20/06 0:00 8/20/06 8/21/06 0:00 8/21/06 8/22/06 0:00 8/22/06 8/23/06 0:00 8/23/06 8/24/06 0:00 8/24/06 8/25/06 0:00 8/25/06 8/26/06 0:00

21 Findings Water soluble salts in combination with high humidity can cause failures New ASHRAE particle limits drastically lower than one manufacturer s s recommendation Particle concentration typically an order of magnitude lower than new ASHRAE limits (no economizer) Economizers, without other mitigation, can cause particle concentration to approach new ASHRAE limits but filtration can mitigate this Large energy savings

22 Berkeley Weather Set Inlet Temperature To upper end of ASHRAE Hrs/YR Temperature (F) Range F hr/yr

23 NERSC/LBNL CRT Building Conceptual Design DRAFT: Subject to change Howard Walter

24 DRAFT: Subject to change; Do not re-distribute Schematic Design Concepts Howard Walter

25 Best practices power conversion HVAC Air Delivery Water Systems Air management Air economizers Humidification controls alternatives Cooling plant optimization Free cooling Variable speed pumping Facility Electrical Systems UPS systems Self generation AC-DC Distribution IT Equipment Power Supply efficiency Sleep/standby loads IT equip fans Cross-cutting / misc. issues Motor efficiency Right sizing Variable speed drives Centralized air handlers Direct liquid cooling Low pressure drop air distribution Variable speed Chillers Standby generation Lighting Maintenance Commissioning/continuous benchmarking Fan efficiency Heat recovery Redundancies Method of charging for space and power Building envelope

26 Data center power conversions AC voltage conversions 5V Internal Drive In Battery/Charger Rectifier Bypass Inverter Out AC/DC PWM/PFC Switcher Unregulated DC To Multi Output Regulated DC Voltages 12V 3.3V 12V 1.5/2. DC/DC 5V 12V 3.3V DC/DC 1.1V- 1.85V External Drive I/O Memory Controller μ Processor SDR 3.3V Graphics Controller Voltage Regulator Modules AC/DC Multi output PS

27 Prior research illustrated large losses in power conversion 100% Factory Measurements of UPS Efficiency (tested using linear loads) 95% 85% Power Supplies in IT equipment Efficiency 90% 85% 80% Flywheel UPS % Efficiency 80% 75% 70% 65% 60% 55% 50% Average of All Servers 75% 70% Double-Conversion UPS Delta-Conversion UPS 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% Percent of Rated Active Power Load Uninterruptible Power Supplies (UPS) 45% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% % of Nameplate Power Output

28 With over 25 industry partners direct DC powering of servers was demonstrated

29 Typical AC distribution today 480 Volt AC 480 VAC Bulk Power Supply AC/DC DC/AC UPS PDU 12 V AC/DC DC/DC PSU 12 V 5 V 3.3 V Loads using Legacy Voltages 1.2 V Server 1.8 V 0.8 V Loads using Silicon Voltages

30 Facility-level level DC distribution 480 Volt AC 480 VAC Bulk Power Supply AC/DC DC UPS or Rectifier 380V.DC 380 VDC DC/DC PSU 12 V 12 V 5 V 3.3 V Loads using Legacy Voltages 1.2 V Server 1.8 V 0.8 V Loads using Silicon Voltages

31 AC system loss compared to DC 480 VAC Bulk Power Supply AC/DC DC/AC UPS PDU 12 V AC/DC DC/DC PSU 12 V 5 V 3.3 V Loads using Legacy Voltages 1.2 V 7-7.3% measured improvement 2-5% measured improvement Server 1.8 V 0.8 V Loads using Silicon Voltages 480 VAC Bulk Power Supply AC/DC DC UPS or Rectifier 380 VDC Rotary UPS DC/DC PSU 12 V 12 V 5 V 3.3 V Loads using Legacy Voltages 1.2 V Server 1.8 V 0.8 V Loads using Silicon Voltages

32 websites: hightech.lbl.gov/datacenters/

33 How soon will we get to liquid cooling? Why not doing it today? Why isn t t efficient distribution power more widely utilized? High efficiency UPS or on-site generation High voltage distribution to Rack Direct DC eliminating conversions ease of incorporating renewable sources available today

Electrical Systems.

Electrical Systems. <Presenter> Review Root Causes of Energy Inefficiency Roadmap to Maximize Energy Efficiency Best Practices Alternative Energy Sources Controls Take Aways Seek Professional Help. ENERGY INEFFICIENCY OF

More information

Energy Efficient High-tech Buildings

Energy Efficient High-tech Buildings Energy Efficient High-tech Buildings Can anything be done to improve Data Center and Cleanroom energy efficiency? Bill Tschudi Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Wftschudi@lbl.gov Acknowledgements California

More information

DC Pro Assessment Tools. November 14, 2010

DC Pro Assessment Tools. November 14, 2010 DC Pro Assessment Tools November 14, 2010 William Tschudi, PE Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory WFTschudi@lbl.gov 510-495-2417 1 Slide 1 Assessment tools LBNL is developing tools to assist in performing

More information

Imperial College 3 March 2009 Green Data Centers: An Overview

Imperial College 3 March 2009 Green Data Centers: An Overview Imperial College 3 March 2009 Green Data Centers: An Overview Updated: 26 Feb 09 LBNL s Data Center findings Benchmarking Efforts Energy Reduction Approaches Green Data Centers: An Overview 2 Scenarios

More information

Case Study: Innovative Energy Efficiency Approaches in NOAA s Environmental Security Computing Center in Fairmont, West Virginia

Case Study: Innovative Energy Efficiency Approaches in NOAA s Environmental Security Computing Center in Fairmont, West Virginia Case Study: Innovative Energy Efficiency Approaches in NOAA s Environmental Security Computing Center in Fairmont, West Virginia Prepared for the U.S. Department of Energy s Federal Energy Management Program

More information

Data Center Energy Use, Metrics and Rating Systems

Data Center Energy Use, Metrics and Rating Systems Data Center Energy Use, Metrics and Rating Systems Steve Greenberg Energy Management Engineer Environmental Energy Technologies Division Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory October 31, 2007 Today s s

More information

Data Center Leadership In the DOE Better Buildings Challenge

Data Center Leadership In the DOE Better Buildings Challenge Symposium Southern California February 18th, 2015 Data Center Leadership In the DOE Better Buildings Challenge Applying Best Practices to meet the Challenge Dale Sartor, PE Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

More information

How Does Your Data Center Measure Up? Energy Efficiency Metrics and Benchmarks for Data Center Infrastructure Systems

How Does Your Data Center Measure Up? Energy Efficiency Metrics and Benchmarks for Data Center Infrastructure Systems How Does Your Data Center Measure Up? Energy Efficiency Metrics and Benchmarks for Data Center Infrastructure Systems Paul Mathew, Ph.D., Staff Scientist Steve Greenberg, P.E., Energy Management Engineer

More information

Energy Efficiency Opportunities in Federal High Performance Computing Data Centers

Energy Efficiency Opportunities in Federal High Performance Computing Data Centers Energy Efficiency Opportunities in Federal High Performance Computing Data Centers Prepared for the U.S. Department of Energy Federal Energy Management Program By Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

More information

How to Build a Data Centre Cooling Budget. Ian Cathcart

How to Build a Data Centre Cooling Budget. Ian Cathcart How to Build a Data Centre Cooling Budget Ian Cathcart Chatsworth Products Topics We ll Cover Availability objectives Space and Load planning Equipment and design options Using CFD to evaluate options

More information

Self-benchmarking Guide for Data Centers: Metrics, Benchmarks, Actions

Self-benchmarking Guide for Data Centers: Metrics, Benchmarks, Actions LBNL-3393E Self-benchmarking Guide for Data Centers: Metrics, Benchmarks, Actions Paul Mathew, Srirupa Ganguly, Steve Greenberg, Dale Sartor Environmental Energy Technologies Division July 2009 This report

More information

Heat Recovery from Data Centres Conference Designing Energy Efficient Data Centres

Heat Recovery from Data Centres Conference Designing Energy Efficient Data Centres What factors determine the energy efficiency of a data centre? Where is the energy used? Local Climate Data Hall Temperatures Chiller / DX Energy Condenser / Dry Cooler / Cooling Tower Energy Pump Energy

More information

Recommendation For Incorporating Data Center Specific Sustainability Best Practices into EO13514 Implementation

Recommendation For Incorporating Data Center Specific Sustainability Best Practices into EO13514 Implementation Recommendation For Incorporating Data Center Specific Sustainability Best Practices into EO13514 Implementation Version 1.0 - November, 2011 Incorporating Data Center-Specific Sustainability Measures into

More information

BCA-IDA Green Mark for Existing Data Centres Version EDC/1.0

BCA-IDA Green Mark for Existing Data Centres Version EDC/1.0 BCA-IDA Green Mark for Existing Data Centres Version EDC/1.0 To achieve GREEN MARK Award Pre-requisite Requirement All relevant pre-requisite requirements for the specific Green Mark Rating are to be complied

More information

Guideline for Water and Energy Considerations During Federal Data Center Consolidations

Guideline for Water and Energy Considerations During Federal Data Center Consolidations Guideline for Water and Energy Considerations During Federal Data Center Consolidations Prepared for the U.S. Department of Energy Federal Energy Management Program By Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

More information

AEGIS DATA CENTER SERVICES POWER AND COOLING ANALYSIS SERVICE SUMMARY

AEGIS DATA CENTER SERVICES POWER AND COOLING ANALYSIS SERVICE SUMMARY AEGIS DATA CENTER SERVICES POWER AND COOLING ANALYSIS SERVICE SUMMARY The Aegis Services Power and Assessment Service provides an assessment and analysis of your data center facility and critical physical

More information

DOE Data Center Energy Efficiency Program

DOE Data Center Energy Efficiency Program DOE Data Center Energy Efficiency Program Paul Scheihing U.S. Department of Energy Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy February, 2009 1 DOE Industrial Technologies Program Working to improve the energy

More information

Self-benchmarking Guide for Data Center Infrastructure: Metrics, Benchmarks, Actions 6-28-10. Sponsored by:

Self-benchmarking Guide for Data Center Infrastructure: Metrics, Benchmarks, Actions 6-28-10. Sponsored by: Self-benchmarking Guide for Data Center Infrastructure: Metrics, Benchmarks, Actions 6-28-10 Sponsored by: Disclaimer This document was prepared as an account of work sponsored by the United States Government.

More information

Managing Data Centre Heat Issues

Managing Data Centre Heat Issues Managing Data Centre Heat Issues Victor Banuelos Field Applications Engineer Chatsworth Products, Inc. 2010 Managing Data Centre Heat Issues Thermal trends in the data centre Hot Aisle / Cold Aisle design

More information

Chiller-less Facilities: They May Be Closer Than You Think

Chiller-less Facilities: They May Be Closer Than You Think Chiller-less Facilities: They May Be Closer Than You Think A Dell Technical White Paper Learn more at Dell.com/PowerEdge/Rack David Moss Jon Fitch Paul Artman THIS WHITE PAPER IS FOR INFORMATIONAL PURPOSES

More information

Case Study: Opportunities to Improve Energy Efficiency in Three Federal Data Centers

Case Study: Opportunities to Improve Energy Efficiency in Three Federal Data Centers Case Study: Opportunities to Improve Energy Efficiency in Three Federal Data Centers Prepared for the U.S. Department of Energy s Federal Energy Management Program Prepared By Lawrence Berkeley National

More information

DOE Data Center Energy Efficiency Program

DOE Data Center Energy Efficiency Program DOE Data Center Energy Efficiency Program Paul Scheihing U.S. Department of Energy Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy April 2009 1 DOE Industrial Technologies Program Worki king to improve th e energy

More information

Guide to Minimizing Compressor-based Cooling in Data Centers

Guide to Minimizing Compressor-based Cooling in Data Centers Guide to Minimizing Compressor-based Cooling in Data Centers Prepared for the U.S. Department of Energy Federal Energy Management Program By: Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Author: William Tschudi

More information

Telecom & IT Power Trends and Issues

Telecom & IT Power Trends and Issues Telecom & IT Power Trends and Issues Tom Gruzs Liebert Columbus Power Quality Problem: When there is a difference between: The Quality of Power Supplied and The Quality of Power Required by the Load for

More information

HPC TCO: Cooling and Computer Room Efficiency

HPC TCO: Cooling and Computer Room Efficiency HPC TCO: Cooling and Computer Room Efficiency 1 Route Plan Motivation (Why do we care?) HPC Building Blocks: Compuer Hardware (What s inside my dataroom? What needs to be cooled?) HPC Building Blocks:

More information

Increasing Energ y Efficiency In Data Centers

Increasing Energ y Efficiency In Data Centers The following article was published in ASHRAE Journal, December 2007. Copyright 2007 American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air- Conditioning Engineers, Inc. It is presented for educational purposes

More information

Direct 400Vdc for Energy Efficient Data Centers

Direct 400Vdc for Energy Efficient Data Centers Direct 400Vdc for Energy Efficient Data Centers 27 April 2009 Tomm Aldridge, Principal Engineer Joint work prepared by: Intel Corporate Technology Group Emerson Network Power EYP Mission Critical Facilities

More information

7 Best Practices for Increasing Efficiency, Availability and Capacity. XXXX XXXXXXXX Liebert North America

7 Best Practices for Increasing Efficiency, Availability and Capacity. XXXX XXXXXXXX Liebert North America 7 Best Practices for Increasing Efficiency, Availability and Capacity XXXX XXXXXXXX Liebert North America Emerson Network Power: The global leader in enabling Business-Critical Continuity Automatic Transfer

More information

Data Centre Testing and Commissioning

Data Centre Testing and Commissioning Data Centre Testing and Commissioning What is Testing and Commissioning? Commissioning provides a systematic and rigorous set of tests tailored to suit the specific design. It is a process designed to

More information

Trends in Data Center Design ASHRAE Leads the Way to Large Energy Savings

Trends in Data Center Design ASHRAE Leads the Way to Large Energy Savings Trends in Data Center Design ASHRAE Leads the Way to Large Energy Savings ASHRAE Conference, Denver Otto Van Geet, PE June 24, 2014 NREL/PR-6A40-58902 NREL is a national laboratory of the U.S. Department

More information

AC/DC & DC/DC Power Modules MERCURY SERIES

AC/DC & DC/DC Power Modules MERCURY SERIES AC/DC & DC/DC Power Modules MERCURY SERIES DEMANDING APPLICATIONS DEMAND TDI POWER Mercury Series Power Modules Hot swap redundant power solutions The Mercury line of industrial supplies from TDI Power

More information

AIA Provider: Colorado Green Building Guild Provider Number: 50111120. Speaker: Geoff Overland

AIA Provider: Colorado Green Building Guild Provider Number: 50111120. Speaker: Geoff Overland AIA Provider: Colorado Green Building Guild Provider Number: 50111120 Office Efficiency: Get Plugged In AIA Course Number: EW10.15.14 Speaker: Geoff Overland Credit(s) earned on completion of this course

More information

CRITICAL COOLING FOR DATA CENTERS

CRITICAL COOLING FOR DATA CENTERS IDEA 100 th Annual Conference & Trade Show CRITICAL COOLING FOR DATA CENTERS Presented by Ron Johanning, PE, LEED AP Mission Critical Market Leader Agenda EPA Report Data Center Energy Trends IT Best Practice

More information

OPTIMIZING YOUR COOLING ENERGY CONSUMPTION IN NEW AND EXISTING DATA CENTERS

OPTIMIZING YOUR COOLING ENERGY CONSUMPTION IN NEW AND EXISTING DATA CENTERS STULZ Optimizing your Cooling Energy Consumption in New and Existing Data Centers Practical Methods for Reducing the Overall Energy Consumption of Cooling Systems Within a Data Center David Joy 9/7/2012

More information

The Other Half of the Problem Server Closets and Small Server Rooms

The Other Half of the Problem Server Closets and Small Server Rooms The Other Half of the Problem Server Closets and Small Server Rooms Bill Tschudi Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory October 24, 2012 wftschudi@lbl.gov SVLG Data Center Summit NEED TO CONVERT OT NON-STANFORD

More information

Maximize energy savings Increase life of cooling equipment More reliable for extreme cold weather conditions There are disadvantages

Maximize energy savings Increase life of cooling equipment More reliable for extreme cold weather conditions There are disadvantages Objectives Increase awareness of the types of economizers currently used for data centers Provide designers/owners with an overview of the benefits and challenges associated with each type Outline some

More information

Energy Implications of Economizer Use in California Data Centers

Energy Implications of Economizer Use in California Data Centers Energy Implications of Economizer Use in California Data Centers Arman Shehabi 1, Srirupa Ganguly 2,*, Kim Traber 3, Hillary Price 3 Arpad Horvath 1, William W Nazaroff 1, Ashok J Gadgil 2, 1 Department

More information

Data Center Components Overview

Data Center Components Overview Data Center Components Overview Power Power Outside Transformer Takes grid power and transforms it from 113KV to 480V Utility (grid) power Supply of high voltage power to the Data Center Electrical Room

More information

Puget Sound Data Center Energy Efficiency Summit A P R I L 1 1, 2 0 1 0

Puget Sound Data Center Energy Efficiency Summit A P R I L 1 1, 2 0 1 0 Puget Sound Data Center Energy Efficiency Summit 1 A P R I L 1 1, 2 0 1 0 2 Agenda Data Center & IT Trends IT and Data Center Energy Growth Energy Efficiency Best Practices: Data Center and Desktop IT

More information

How High Temperature Data Centers & Intel Technologies save Energy, Money, Water and Greenhouse Gas Emissions

How High Temperature Data Centers & Intel Technologies save Energy, Money, Water and Greenhouse Gas Emissions Intel Intelligent Power Management Intel How High Temperature Data Centers & Intel Technologies save Energy, Money, Water and Greenhouse Gas Emissions Power and cooling savings through the use of Intel

More information

CIBSE ASHRAE Group. Data Centre Energy Efficiency: Who, What, Why, When, Where & How

CIBSE ASHRAE Group. Data Centre Energy Efficiency: Who, What, Why, When, Where & How CIBSE ASHRAE Group Data Centre Energy Efficiency: Who, What, Why, When, Where & How Presenters Don Beaty PE, FASHRAE Founder, President & Managing Director DLB Associates Consulting Engineers Paul Finch

More information

European Code of Conduct for Data Centre. Presentation of the Awards 2013

European Code of Conduct for Data Centre. Presentation of the Awards 2013 European Code of Conduct for Data Centre Presentation of the Awards 2013 Paolo Bertoldi European Commission DG JRC Institute for Energy and Transport 1 The Code of Conduct for Data Centre Results Started

More information

MIXING OF OUTDOOR AIR AND RECIRCULATED AIR

MIXING OF OUTDOOR AIR AND RECIRCULATED AIR MIXING OF OUTDOOR AIR AND RECIRCULATED AIR I) Objective Examine a mixed air process to determine the extent of stratification in the mixed air duct and also compare the measured average temperature to

More information

FEDERAL UTILITY PARTNERSHIP WORKING GROUP SEMINAR April 22-23, 2015 Nashville, TN

FEDERAL UTILITY PARTNERSHIP WORKING GROUP SEMINAR April 22-23, 2015 Nashville, TN FEDERAL UTILITY PARTNERSHIP WORKING GROUP SEMINAR April 22-23, 2015 Nashville, TN Data Centers New Market For Performance Contracting Jake Wooley IT Program Manager, OCIO Agenda Situational Awareness Opportunities

More information

Legacy Data Centres Upgrading the cooling capabilities What are the options?

Legacy Data Centres Upgrading the cooling capabilities What are the options? Legacy Data Centres Upgrading the cooling capabilities What are the options? Presentation Structure What is a Legacy Data Centre? What is CRAC cooling? ASHRAE Standards Overview Available Cooling Systems

More information

Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Title: Energy Implications of Economizer Use in California Data Centers Author: Shehabi, Arman Publication Date: 09-23-8 Permalink:

More information

Best Practices for Data Centers: Lessons Learned from Benchmarking 22 Data Centers

Best Practices for Data Centers: Lessons Learned from Benchmarking 22 Data Centers Best Practices for Data Centers: Lessons Learned from Benchmarking 22 Data Centers Steve Greenberg, Evan Mills, and Bill Tschudi, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Peter Rumsey, Rumsey Engineers Bruce

More information

Verizon SMARTS Data Center Design Phase 1 Conceptual Study Report Ms. Leah Zabarenko Verizon Business 2606A Carsins Run Road Aberdeen, MD 21001

Verizon SMARTS Data Center Design Phase 1 Conceptual Study Report Ms. Leah Zabarenko Verizon Business 2606A Carsins Run Road Aberdeen, MD 21001 Verizon SMARTS Data Center Design Phase 1 Conceptual Study Report Ms. Leah Zabarenko Verizon Business 2606A Carsins Run Road Aberdeen, MD 21001 Presented by: Liberty Engineering, LLP 1609 Connecticut Avenue

More information

National Grid Your Partner in Energy Solutions

National Grid Your Partner in Energy Solutions National Grid Your Partner in Energy Solutions National Grid Webinar: Enhancing Reliability, Capacity and Capital Expenditure through Data Center Efficiency April 8, 2014 Presented by: Fran Boucher National

More information

University of St Andrews. Energy Efficient Data Centre Cooling

University of St Andrews. Energy Efficient Data Centre Cooling Energy Efficient Data Centre Cooling St. Andrews and Elsewhere Richard Lumb Consultant Engineer Future-Tech Energy Efficient Data Centre Cooling There is no one single best cooling solution for all Data

More information

FEAR Model - Review Cell Module Block

FEAR Model - Review Cell Module Block F.E.A.R. Returns: 5 Steps Toward Data Center Efficiency Today Objectives Benefits for ITS professionals Brief review of the FEAR data center Define data center efficiency Link efficiency to the FEAR data

More information

Data Center Energy Profiler Questions Checklist

Data Center Energy Profiler Questions Checklist Data Center Energy Profiler Questions Checklist Step 1 Case Name Date Center Company State/Region County Floor Area Data Center Space Floor Area Non Data Center Space Floor Area Data Center Support Space

More information

HVAC Processes. Lecture 7

HVAC Processes. Lecture 7 HVAC Processes Lecture 7 Targets of Lecture General understanding about HVAC systems: Typical HVAC processes Air handling units, fan coil units, exhaust fans Typical plumbing systems Transfer pumps, sump

More information

Energy Recovery Systems for the Efficient Cooling of Data Centers using Absorption Chillers and Renewable Energy Resources

Energy Recovery Systems for the Efficient Cooling of Data Centers using Absorption Chillers and Renewable Energy Resources Energy Recovery Systems for the Efficient Cooling of Data Centers using Absorption Chillers and Renewable Energy Resources ALEXANDRU SERBAN, VICTOR CHIRIAC, FLOREA CHIRIAC, GABRIEL NASTASE Building Services

More information

Data Center 2020: Delivering high density in the Data Center; efficiently and reliably

Data Center 2020: Delivering high density in the Data Center; efficiently and reliably Data Center 2020: Delivering high density in the Data Center; efficiently and reliably March 2011 Powered by Data Center 2020: Delivering high density in the Data Center; efficiently and reliably Review:

More information

Data Centers: How Does It Affect My Building s Energy Use and What Can I Do?

Data Centers: How Does It Affect My Building s Energy Use and What Can I Do? Data Centers: How Does It Affect My Building s Energy Use and What Can I Do? 1 Thank you for attending today s session! Please let us know your name and/or location when you sign in We ask everyone to

More information

An Improved Architecture for High-Efficiency, High-Density Data Centers

An Improved Architecture for High-Efficiency, High-Density Data Centers An Improved Architecture for High-Efficiency, High-Density Data Centers By Neil Rasmussen White Paper #126 Executive Summary Data center power and cooling infrastructure worldwide wastes more than 60,000,000

More information

SEMINAR 23: Data Center and IT Equipment Liquid Cooling: Performance Capabilities, Implementation and Emerging Technologies

SEMINAR 23: Data Center and IT Equipment Liquid Cooling: Performance Capabilities, Implementation and Emerging Technologies Michael K Pa+erson, PhD, PE, DCEP Intel Corpora7on michael.k.pa+erson@intel.com SEMINAR 23: Data Center and IT Equipment Liquid Cooling: Performance Capabilities, Implementation and Emerging Technologies

More information

Data Center Operating Cost Savings Realized by Air Flow Management and Increased Rack Inlet Temperatures

Data Center Operating Cost Savings Realized by Air Flow Management and Increased Rack Inlet Temperatures Data Center Operating Cost Savings Realized by Air Flow Management and Increased Rack Inlet Temperatures William Seeber Stephen Seeber Mid Atlantic Infrared Services, Inc. 5309 Mohican Road Bethesda, MD

More information

Benefits of. Air Flow Management. Data Center

Benefits of. Air Flow Management. Data Center Benefits of Passive Air Flow Management in the Data Center Learning Objectives At the end of this program, participants will be able to: Readily identify if opportunities i where networking equipment

More information

Liquid Cooling Solutions for DATA CENTERS - R.M.IYENGAR BLUESTAR LIMITED.

Liquid Cooling Solutions for DATA CENTERS - R.M.IYENGAR BLUESTAR LIMITED. Liquid Cooling Solutions for DATA CENTERS - R.M.IYENGAR BLUESTAR LIMITED. Presentation Goals & Outline Power Density Where we have been- where we are now - where we are going Limitations of Air Cooling

More information

Data Center Airflow Management Retrofit

Data Center Airflow Management Retrofit FEDERAL ENERGY MANAGEMENT PROGRAM Data Center Airflow Management Retrofit Technology Case Study Bulletin: September 2010 Figure 1 Figure 2 Figure 1: Data center CFD model of return airflow short circuit

More information

Free Cooling in Data Centers. John Speck, RCDD, DCDC JFC Solutions

Free Cooling in Data Centers. John Speck, RCDD, DCDC JFC Solutions Free Cooling in Data Centers John Speck, RCDD, DCDC JFC Solutions Why this topic Many data center projects or retrofits do not have a comprehensive analyses of systems power consumption completed in the

More information

DATA CENTER COOLING INNOVATIVE COOLING TECHNOLOGIES FOR YOUR DATA CENTER

DATA CENTER COOLING INNOVATIVE COOLING TECHNOLOGIES FOR YOUR DATA CENTER DATA CENTER COOLING INNOVATIVE COOLING TECHNOLOGIES FOR YOUR DATA CENTER DATA CENTERS 2009 IT Emissions = Aviation Industry Emissions Nations Largest Commercial Consumers of Electric Power Greenpeace estimates

More information

Improving Data Center Efficiency with Rack or Row Cooling Devices:

Improving Data Center Efficiency with Rack or Row Cooling Devices: Improving Data Center Efficiency with Rack or Row Cooling Devices: Results of Chill-Off 2 Comparative Testing Introduction In new data center designs, capacity provisioning for ever-higher power densities

More information

Fact Sheet (Web Content): Improving Energy Efficiency for Server Rooms and Closets

Fact Sheet (Web Content): Improving Energy Efficiency for Server Rooms and Closets Fact Sheet (Web Content): Improving Energy Efficiency for Server Rooms and Closets September 2012 Table of Contents A) Simplest, No-Cost, or Very-Low-Cost Measures 1. Determine computational functions

More information

HVAC 101: Chillers and VFDs and BACnet Oh My! Tim Skell Sr. HVAC Application Engineer, ABB

HVAC 101: Chillers and VFDs and BACnet Oh My! Tim Skell Sr. HVAC Application Engineer, ABB HVAC 101: Chillers and VFDs and BACnet Oh My! Tim Skell Sr. HVAC Application Engineer, ABB Learning Objectives: 1. Examine the functionality of major HVAC equipment such as chillers, AHUs, cooling towers

More information

HPC Data Center Cooling Design Considerations

HPC Data Center Cooling Design Considerations HPC Data Center Cooling Design Considerations David Grant, PE, CEM, DCEP HPC Mechanical Systems Modernization Project Office Oak Ridge National Laboratory + Infrastructure Co-Lead for the EEHPCWG Corresponding

More information

Recommendations for Measuring and Reporting Overall Data Center Efficiency

Recommendations for Measuring and Reporting Overall Data Center Efficiency Recommendations for Measuring and Reporting Overall Data Center Efficiency Version 1 Measuring PUE at Dedicated Data Centers 15 July 2010 Table of Contents 1 Introduction... 1 1.1 Purpose Recommendations

More information

Statement Of Work. Data Center Power and Cooling Assessment. Service. Professional Services. Table of Contents. 1.0 Executive Summary

Statement Of Work. Data Center Power and Cooling Assessment. Service. Professional Services. Table of Contents. 1.0 Executive Summary Statement Of Work Professional Services Data Center Power and Cooling Assessment Data Center Power and Cooling Assessment Service 1.0 Executive Summary Table of Contents 1.0 Executive Summary 2.0 Features

More information

Green Data Centre Design

Green Data Centre Design Green Data Centre Design A Holistic Approach Stantec Consulting Ltd. Aleks Milojkovic, P.Eng., RCDD, LEED AP Tommy Chiu, EIT, RCDD, LEED AP STANDARDS ENERGY EQUIPMENT MATERIALS EXAMPLES CONCLUSION STANDARDS

More information

Data Centre Energy Efficiency Operating for Optimisation Robert M Pe / Sept. 20, 2012 National Energy Efficiency Conference Singapore

Data Centre Energy Efficiency Operating for Optimisation Robert M Pe / Sept. 20, 2012 National Energy Efficiency Conference Singapore Data Centre Energy Efficiency Operating for Optimisation Robert M Pe / Sept. 20, 2012 National Energy Efficiency Conference Singapore Introduction Agenda Introduction Overview of Data Centres DC Operational

More information

OPTIMIZING UNINTERRUPTIBLE POWER FOR MODERN DATA PROCESSING

OPTIMIZING UNINTERRUPTIBLE POWER FOR MODERN DATA PROCESSING OPTIMIZING UNINTERRUPTIBLE POWER FOR MODERN DATA PROCESSING WHITE PAPER: TW0051 June 28, 2005 G. Mulcahy 1 GARY MULCAHY Gary Mulcahy is Executive Vice President of the Commercial Products Division of Transistor

More information

Control of Computer Room Air Handlers Using Wireless Sensors. Energy Efficient Data Center Demonstration Project

Control of Computer Room Air Handlers Using Wireless Sensors. Energy Efficient Data Center Demonstration Project Control of Computer Room Air Handlers Using Wireless Sensors Energy Efficient Data Center Demonstration Project About the Energy Efficient Data Center Demonstration Project The project s goal is to identify

More information

Data Center Precision Cooling: The Need For A Higher Level Of Service Expertise. A White Paper from the Experts in Business-Critical Continuity

Data Center Precision Cooling: The Need For A Higher Level Of Service Expertise. A White Paper from the Experts in Business-Critical Continuity Data Center Precision Cooling: The Need For A Higher Level Of Service Expertise A White Paper from the Experts in Business-Critical Continuity Executive Summary Today s data centers are changing rapidly,

More information

I-STUTE Project - WP2.3 Data Centre Cooling. Project Review Meeting 4, Lancaster University, 2 nd July 2014

I-STUTE Project - WP2.3 Data Centre Cooling. Project Review Meeting 4, Lancaster University, 2 nd July 2014 I-STUTE Project - WP2.3 Data Centre Cooling Project Review Meeting 4, Lancaster University, 2 nd July 2014 Background Data centres estimated to use 2-3% of total electricity consumption in the UK and generate

More information

General Recommendations for a Federal Data Center Energy Management Dashboard Display

General Recommendations for a Federal Data Center Energy Management Dashboard Display General Recommendations for a Federal Data Center Energy Management Dashboard Display Prepared for the U.S. Department of Energy s Federal Energy Management Program Prepared By Lawrence Berkeley National

More information

Data Centers WHAT S ONTHEHORIZON FOR NR HVAC IN TITLE 24 2013? SLIDE 1

Data Centers WHAT S ONTHEHORIZON FOR NR HVAC IN TITLE 24 2013? SLIDE 1 WHAT S ONTHEHORIZON FOR NR HVAC IN TITLE 24 2013? SLIDE 1 Data Center CASE Scope Existing Title 24 2008 Scope Current scope ( 100 T24-2008) exempts process space from many of the requirements, however

More information

Second Place: Industrial Facilities or Processes, Existing

Second Place: Industrial Facilities or Processes, Existing Second Place: Industrial Facilities or Processes, Existing The TCS data center makes use of white cabinets and reflective surfaces as one method to reduce power for its lights and cooling. Data Center

More information

Reducing Data Center Energy Consumption

Reducing Data Center Energy Consumption Reducing Data Center Energy Consumption By John Judge, Member ASHRAE; Jack Pouchet, Anand Ekbote, and Sachin Dixit Rising data center energy consumption and increasing energy costs have combined to elevate

More information

How High Temperature Data Centers & Intel Technologies save Energy, Money, Water and Greenhouse Gas Emissions

How High Temperature Data Centers & Intel Technologies save Energy, Money, Water and Greenhouse Gas Emissions Intel Intelligent Power Management Intel How High Temperature Data Centers & Intel Technologies save Energy, Money, Water and Greenhouse Gas Emissions Power savings through the use of Intel s intelligent

More information

Facebook s Open Compute Project: an Industry Wide Collaborative Initiative to Accelerate Enterprise Datacenter Energy Efficiency

Facebook s Open Compute Project: an Industry Wide Collaborative Initiative to Accelerate Enterprise Datacenter Energy Efficiency Facebook s Open Compute Project: an Industry Wide Collaborative Initiative to Accelerate Enterprise Datacenter Energy Efficiency Glenn Hansen, PECI ABSTRACT To date, datacenters have largely been designed

More information

HVAC Systems: Overview

HVAC Systems: Overview HVAC Systems: Overview Michael J. Brandemuehl, Ph.D, P.E. University of Colorado Boulder, CO, USA Overview System Description Secondary HVAC Systems Air distribution Room diffusers and air terminals Duct

More information

Overview of Green Energy Strategies and Techniques for Modern Data Centers

Overview of Green Energy Strategies and Techniques for Modern Data Centers Overview of Green Energy Strategies and Techniques for Modern Data Centers Introduction Data centers ensure the operation of critical business IT equipment including servers, networking and storage devices.

More information

Data Center Design Guide featuring Water-Side Economizer Solutions. with Dynamic Economizer Cooling

Data Center Design Guide featuring Water-Side Economizer Solutions. with Dynamic Economizer Cooling Data Center Design Guide featuring Water-Side Economizer Solutions with Dynamic Economizer Cooling Presenter: Jason Koo, P.Eng Sr. Field Applications Engineer STULZ Air Technology Systems jkoo@stulz ats.com

More information

Free Cooling for Data Centers

Free Cooling for Data Centers Free Cooling for Data Centers Release 1, September 2015 Contents 1. Abstract... 3 2. Introduction... 3 3. Data Center Temperatures and Free Cooling... 4 4. Direct Free Cooling... 4 5. Indirect Free Cooling...

More information

Energy Strategic Plan Los Angeles Community College District Community College League Conference

Energy Strategic Plan Los Angeles Community College District Community College League Conference Energy Strategic Plan Los Angeles Community College District Community College League Conference Larry Eisenberg Executive Director, Facilities Planning and Development November 16,2006 West Los Angeles

More information

Improving Data Center Energy Efficiency Through Environmental Optimization

Improving Data Center Energy Efficiency Through Environmental Optimization Improving Data Center Energy Efficiency Through Environmental Optimization How Fine-Tuning Humidity, Airflows, and Temperature Dramatically Cuts Cooling Costs William Seeber Stephen Seeber Mid Atlantic

More information

Commercial HVAC Strategies. Brian A Hearn, Project Implementation Manager

Commercial HVAC Strategies. Brian A Hearn, Project Implementation Manager Commercial HVAC Strategies Brian A Hearn, Project Implementation Manager Audience demographics: Owners Architects Engineers Contractors Energy Services Providers Brian A Hearn, Michaels Energy 2 What role

More information

Computer Centre Evolution: Infrastructure Issues. Board of Sponsors Meeting April 26 th 2007

Computer Centre Evolution: Infrastructure Issues. Board of Sponsors Meeting April 26 th 2007 Computer Centre Evolution: Infrastructure Issues CERN openlab Board of Sponsors Meeting April 26 th 2007 Tony Cass Many interesting discussions with Intel personnel gratefully acknowledged Agenda Power

More information

BYRNE DIXON HAS BRIGHT IDEAS. Reducing data centre energy usage

BYRNE DIXON HAS BRIGHT IDEAS. Reducing data centre energy usage BYRNE DIXON HAS BRIGHT IDEAS Reducing data centre energy usage 1.1 Introduction Agenda Data Centre Efficiency Data Centre Efficiency Byrne Dixon Background Data Centre Efficiency Theory Government Support

More information

Recommendations for Measuring and Reporting Overall Data Center Efficiency

Recommendations for Measuring and Reporting Overall Data Center Efficiency Recommendations for Measuring and Reporting Overall Data Center Efficiency Version 2 Measuring PUE for Data Centers 17 May 2011 Table of Contents 1 Introduction... 1 1.1 Purpose Recommendations for Measuring

More information

Best Practices. for the EU Code of Conduct on Data Centres. Version 1.0.0 First Release Release Public

Best Practices. for the EU Code of Conduct on Data Centres. Version 1.0.0 First Release Release Public Best Practices for the EU Code of Conduct on Data Centres Version 1.0.0 First Release Release Public 1 Introduction This document is a companion to the EU Code of Conduct on Data Centres v0.9. This document

More information

ISC15. Frankfurt July 2015 Fujitsu Cool-Central Liquid Cooling Technology

ISC15. Frankfurt July 2015 Fujitsu Cool-Central Liquid Cooling Technology ISC15 Frankfurt July 2015 Fujitsu Cool-Central Liquid Cooling Technology Fujitsu Cool-Central Liquid Cooling Technology Efficient cooling of large PRIMERGY CX400 M1 HPC or cluster solutions Fujitsu Cool-Central

More information

DATA CENTER FREE COOLING STRATEGIES. Charles B. Kensky, PE, LEED AP BD+C, CEA Executive Vice President Bala Consulting Engineers

DATA CENTER FREE COOLING STRATEGIES. Charles B. Kensky, PE, LEED AP BD+C, CEA Executive Vice President Bala Consulting Engineers DATA CENTER FREE COOLING STRATEGIES Charles B. Kensky, PE, LEED AP BD+C, CEA Executive Vice President Bala Consulting Engineers OVERVIEW Understand the different types of economizers. Learn how free cooling

More information

The 5th Greater Pearl River Delta Conference - Smart Management System in Building Facilities for Sustainability of Low Carbon Environment

The 5th Greater Pearl River Delta Conference - Smart Management System in Building Facilities for Sustainability of Low Carbon Environment The 5th Greater Pearl River Delta Conference - Smart Management System in Building Facilities for Sustainability of Low Carbon Environment Deployment of Advanced Technologies for Carbon Efficiency in Process

More information

Energy Efficiency and Green Data Centers. Overview of Recommendations ITU-T L.1300 and ITU-T L.1310

Energy Efficiency and Green Data Centers. Overview of Recommendations ITU-T L.1300 and ITU-T L.1310 Energy Efficiency and Green Data Centers Overview of Recommendations ITU-T L.1300 and ITU-T L.1310 Paolo Gemma Chairman of Working Party 3 of ITU-T Study Group 5 International Telecommunication Union Agenda

More information

Data Center Power Consumption

Data Center Power Consumption Data Center Power Consumption A new look at a growing problem Fact - Data center power density up 10x in the last 10 years 2.1 kw/rack (1992); 14 kw/rack (2007) Racks are not fully populated due to power/cooling

More information

Trane ComfortSite is a user-friendly Internet site designed to save you time and it s FREE for Trane Customers.

Trane ComfortSite is a user-friendly Internet site designed to save you time and it s FREE for Trane Customers. Trane ComfortSite is a user-friendly Internet site designed to save you time and it s FREE for Trane Customers. Order Equipment, Parts, Literature and track Order Status Register for Training Programs

More information

DATA CENTER ASSESSMENT SERVICES

DATA CENTER ASSESSMENT SERVICES DATA CENTER ASSESSMENT SERVICES ig2 Group Inc. is a Data Center Science Company which provides solutions that can help organizations automatically optimize their Data Center performance, from assets to

More information