Polynomial Operations and Factoring


 Robert Morton
 3 years ago
 Views:
Transcription
1 Algebra 1, Quarter 4, Unit 4.1 Polynomial Operations and Factoring Overview Number of instructional days: 15 (1 day = minutes) Content to be learned Identify terms, coefficients, and degree of polynomials. Add and subtract polynomials. Multiply polynomials (monomials, binomials, trinomials including special cases) using the Distributive Property and FOIL method. Factor polynomials including trinomials of the form f (x) = ax 2 + bx + c, for a = 1, a 1, greatest common factors, perfect square trinomials, and difference of squares. Factor fourterm polynomials by grouping (e.g., 3x 3 12x 2 + 2x 8 ). Essential questions How are the operations and properties of real numbers related to polynomials? How can two algebraic expressions that appear to be different be equivalent? How is the factoring of polynomials related to the multiplication of polynomials? Mathematical practices to be integrated Attend to precision. Classify polynomials based on the number of terms. Make explicit use of degree of polynomials to add, subtract, multiply, and factor polynomials. Look for and make sense of structure. Factor trinomials by looking for and using the structure of the trinomial, considering parameters a, b, and c. Look for structure to factor four terms by grouping. Look for and express regularity in repeated reasoning. Use repeated reasoning to multiply binomials using the Distributive Property and the FOIL method. Use shortcuts for determining the square of a binomial and for multiplying to get a difference of squares. Use repeated reasoning to factor polynomials. Use shortcuts for factoring perfect square trinomials and differences of squares. What characteristics of a polynomial determine how to factor it completely? What are the special cases and patterns used to factor polynomials? 37
2 Algebra 1, Quarter 4, Unit 4.1 Polynomial Operations and Factoring (15 days) Written Curriculum Common Core State Standards for Mathematical Content Arithmetic with Polynomials and Rational Expressions AAPR Perform arithmetic operations on polynomials [Linear and quadratic] AAPR.1 Understand that polynomials form a system analogous to the integers, namely, they are closed under the operations of addition, subtraction, and multiplication; add, subtract, and multiply polynomials. Seeing Structure in Expressions ASSE Interpret the structure of expressions [Linear, exponential, quadratic] ASSE.1 Interpret expressions that represent a quantity in terms of its context. a. Interpret parts of an expression, such as terms, factors, and coefficients. b. Interpret complicated expressions by viewing one or more of their parts as a single entity. For example, interpret P(1+r) n as the product of P and a factor not depending on P. ASSE.2 Use the structure of an expression to identify ways to rewrite it. For example, see x 4 y 4 as (x 2 ) 2 (y 2 ) 2, thus recognizing it as a difference of squares that can be factored as (x 2 y 2 )(x 2 + y 2 ). Common Core Standards for Mathematical Practice 6 Attend to precision. Mathematically proficient students try to communicate precisely to others. They try to use clear definitions in discussion with others and in their own reasoning. They state the meaning of the symbols they choose, including using the equal sign consistently and appropriately. They are careful about specifying units of measure, and labeling axes to clarify the correspondence with quantities in a problem. They calculate accurately and efficiently, express numerical answers with a degree of precision appropriate for the problem context. In the elementary grades, students give carefully formulated explanations to each other. By the time they reach high school they have learned to examine claims and make explicit use of definitions. 7 Look for and make use of structure. Mathematically proficient students look closely to discern a pattern or structure. Young students, for example, might notice that three and seven more is the same amount as seven and three more, or they may sort a collection of shapes according to how many sides the shapes have. Later, students will see 7 8 equals the well remembered , in preparation for learning about the distributive property. In the expression x 2 + 9x + 14, older students can see the 14 as 2 7 and the 9 as They recognize the significance of an existing line in a geometric figure and can use the strategy of drawing an auxiliary line for solving problems. They also can step back for an overview and shift perspective. They can see complicated things, such as some algebraic expressions, as single objects or as being composed of several objects. For example, they can see 5 3(x y) 2 as 5 minus a positive number times a square and use that to realize that its value cannot be more than 5 for any real numbers x and y. 38
3 Algebra 1, Quarter 4, Unit 4.1 Polynomial Operations and Factoring (15 days) 8 Look for and express regularity in repeated reasoning. Mathematically proficient students notice if calculations are repeated, and look both for general methods and for shortcuts. Upper elementary students might notice when dividing 25 by 11 that they are repeating the same calculations over and over again, and conclude they have a repeating decimal. By paying attention to the calculation of slope as they repeatedly check whether points are on the line through (1, 2) with slope 3, middle school students might abstract the equation (y 2)/(x 1) = 3. Noticing the regularity in the way terms cancel when expanding (x 1)(x + 1), (x 1)(x 2 + x + 1), and (x 1)(x 3 + x 2 + x + 1) might lead them to the general formula for the sum of a geometric series. As they work to solve a problem, mathematically proficient students maintain oversight of the process, while attending to the details. They continually evaluate the reasonableness of their intermediate results. Clarifying the Standards Prior Learning In grade 6, students applied the properties of operations to generate equivalent expressions. For example, students applied the Distributive Property to the expression 3(2 + x) to produce 6 + 3x. They also applied the Distributive Property to the expression 24x + 18y to produce the equivalent expression 6(4x + 3y). (6.EE.3) In grade 7, students applied properties of operations to add, subtract, factor, and expand linear expressions with rational coefficients. (7.EE.1) In grade 8, students applied the properties of integers (8.EE.1), and in Unit 2.3 of this course, they applied properties of exponents to rational exponents. Current Learning Students identify the degree, terms, and coefficients of a polynomial. They classify the polynomials based on the number of terms and degree. Students add and subtract polynomials. Students multiply polynomials using the distributive method, and they also square binomials. Students factor polynomials including trinomials of the form f (x) = ax 2 + bx + c, for a = 1, a 1, greatest common factor, perfectsquare trinomials, and difference of squares. They also factor fourterm polynomials by grouping. Future Learning Students will use factoring in the next unit when they solve quadratic equations. They will use operations of polynomials and factoring in this course and in later courses to factor higher degree polynomials and to express functions in various forms such as vertex form of a quadratic and standard form of a circle, parabola, and other conic sections. Operations of polynomials and factoring are necessary skills that will be needed for Algebra II, Geometry, Precalculus, and Calculus. Additional Findings According to Algebra of Polynomials (Lausch & Nöbauer, 1974), Polynomials are a classical subject of mathematics. The first steps towards the abstract concept of polynomials were the investigation of algebraic equations and the theory of real and complex functions f of the form f(x) = a n x n + +a 1 x + a 0. (p. ix) 39
4 Algebra 1, Quarter 4, Unit 4.1 Polynomial Operations and Factoring (15 days) 40
5 Algebra 1, Quarter 4, Unit 4.2 Quadratic Functions and Equations Overview Number of instructional days: 12 (1 day = minutes) Content to be learned Solve quadratic equations by factoring. Graph quadratic functions using x and yintercepts and the axis of symmetry. Transform the graph of f(x) = x 2, including translating, stretching, shrinking, and reflecting. Solve quadratic equations by completing the square. Graph quadratic functions using vertex form. Understand that the quadratic formula is derived from completing the square. Apply the quadratic formula and give solutions in simplified, radical form and as approximate values. Model with quadratic functions, interpret key features (intercepts, relative maximums and minimums, symmetries, end behavior) and sketch graphs given a verbal description of the relationship. Interpret the domain of a quadratic function in context of applications. Use graphing technology to explore and model quadratic relationships in realworld problem solving. Solve a simple system consisting of a linear equation and a quadratic equation algebraically and graphically. Mathematical practices to be integrated Model with mathematics. Identify key features of graphs and their relationship to the realworld situation they model. Choose which form of a quadratic equation to use when solving and interpreting different problems. Use appropriate tools strategically. Choose appropriate strategies according to task. Use graphing technology to explore and model quadratic relationships in realworld problem solving. Look for and make use of structure. Identify and examine algebraic expressions as single entities to evaluate characteristics of quadratic functions. Understand why the quadratic formula works based on completing the square. 41
6 Algebra 1, Quarter 4, Unit 4.2 Quadratic Functions and Equations (12 days) Essential questions What are the advantages of writing a quadratic equation in vertex form? What are the effects of a, h, and k on the graph of y = a(x h) 2 + k? What are the different methods to solve quadratic equations? When might one method be more beneficial to use than another? What are the key features of the graph of a quadratic function? How do you solve quadratic equations using different methods? What types of realworld situations can be modeled using quadratic equations? What are the characteristics of a quadratic function? Written Curriculum Common Core State Standards for Mathematical Content Seeing Structure in Expressions ASSE Write expressions in equivalent forms to solve problems [Quadratic and exponential] ASSE.3 Choose and produce an equivalent form of an expression to reveal and explain properties of the quantity represented by the expression. a. Factor a quadratic expression to reveal the zeros of the function it defines. b. Complete the square in a quadratic expression to reveal the maximum or minimum value of the function it defines. Reasoning with Equations and Inequalities AREI Solve equations and inequalities in one variable [Linear inequalities; literal that are linear in the variables being solved for; quadratics with real solutions] AREI.4 Solve quadratic equations in one variable. a. Use the method of completing the square to transform any quadratic equation in x into an equation of the form (x p) 2 = q that has the same solutions. Derive the quadratic formula from this form. b. Solve quadratic equations by inspection (e.g., for x 2 = 49), taking square roots, completing the square, the quadratic formula and factoring, as appropriate to the initial form of the equation. Recognize when the quadratic formula gives complex solutions and write them as a ± bi for real numbers a and b. Solve systems of equations [Linearlinear and linearquadratic] AREI.7 Solve a simple system consisting of a linear equation and a quadratic equation in two variables algebraically and graphically. For example, find the points of intersection between the line y = 3x and the circle x 2 + y 2 = 3. 42
7 Algebra 1, Quarter 4, Unit 4.2 Quadratic Functions and Equations (12 days) Interpreting Functions FIF Interpret functions that arise in applications in terms of the context [Linear, exponential, and quadratic] FIF.4 FIF.5 For a function that models a relationship between two quantities, interpret key features of graphs and tables in terms of the quantities, and sketch graphs showing key features given a verbal description of the relationship. Key features include: intercepts; intervals where the function is increasing, decreasing, positive, or negative; relative maximums and minimums; symmetries; end behavior; and periodicity. Relate the domain of a function to its graph and, where applicable, to the quantitative relationship it describes. For example, if the function h(n) gives the number of personhours it takes to assemble n engines in a factory, then the positive integers would be an appropriate domain for the function. Analyze functions using different representations [Linear, exponential, quadratic, absolute value, step, piecewisedefined] FIF.7 FIF.8 Graph functions expressed symbolically and show key features of the graph, by hand in simple cases and using technology for more complicated cases. a. Graph linear and quadratic functions and show intercepts, maxima, and minima. Write a function defined by an expression in different but equivalent forms to reveal and explain different properties of the function. a. Use the process of factoring and completing the square in a quadratic function to show zeros, extreme values, and symmetry of the graph, and interpret these in terms of a context. Building Functions FBF Build new functions from existing functions [Linear, exponential, quadratic, and absolute value; for F.BF.4a, linear only] FBF.3 Identify the effect on the graph of replacing f(x) by f(x) + k, k f(x), f(kx), and f(x + k) for specific values of k (both positive and negative); find the value of k given the graphs. Experiment with cases and illustrate an explanation of the effects on the graph using technology. Include recognizing even and odd functions from their graphs and algebraic expressions for them. Common Core Standards for Mathematical Practice 4 Model with mathematics. Mathematically proficient students can apply the mathematics they know to solve problems arising in everyday life, society, and the workplace. In early grades, this might be as simple as writing an addition equation to describe a situation. In middle grades, a student might apply proportional reasoning to plan a school event or analyze a problem in the community. By high school, a student might use geometry to solve a design problem or use a function to describe how one quantity of interest depends on another. Mathematically proficient students who can apply what they know are comfortable making assumptions and approximations to simplify a complicated situation, realizing that these may need revision later. They 43
8 Algebra 1, Quarter 4, Unit 4.2 Quadratic Functions and Equations (12 days) are able to identify important quantities in a practical situation and map their relationships using such tools as diagrams, twoway tables, graphs, flowcharts and formulas. They can analyze those relationships mathematically to draw conclusions. They routinely interpret their mathematical results in the context of the situation and reflect on whether the results make sense, possibly improving the model if it has not served its purpose. 5 Use appropriate tools strategically. Mathematically proficient students consider the available tools when solving a mathematical problem. These tools might include pencil and paper, concrete models, a ruler, a protractor, a calculator, a spreadsheet, a computer algebra system, a statistical package, or dynamic geometry software. Proficient students are sufficiently familiar with tools appropriate for their grade or course to make sound decisions about when each of these tools might be helpful, recognizing both the insight to be gained and their limitations. For example, mathematically proficient high school students analyze graphs of functions and solutions generated using a graphing calculator. They detect possible errors by strategically using estimation and other mathematical knowledge. When making mathematical models, they know that technology can enable them to visualize the results of varying assumptions, explore consequences, and compare predictions with data. Mathematically proficient students at various grade levels are able to identify relevant external mathematical resources, such as digital content located on a website, and use them to pose or solve problems. They are able to use technological tools to explore and deepen their understanding of concepts. 7 Look for and make use of structure. Mathematically proficient students look closely to discern a pattern or structure. Young students, for example, might notice that three and seven more is the same amount as seven and three more, or they may sort a collection of shapes according to how many sides the shapes have. Later, students will see 7 8 equals the well remembered , in preparation for learning about the distributive property. In the expression x 2 + 9x + 14, older students can see the 14 as 2 7 and the 9 as They recognize the significance of an existing line in a geometric figure and can use the strategy of drawing an auxiliary line for solving problems. They also can step back for an overview and shift perspective. They can see complicated things, such as some algebraic expressions, as single objects or as being composed of several objects. For example, they can see 5 3(x y) 2 as 5 minus a positive number times a square and use that to realize that its value cannot be more than 5 for any real numbers x and y. Clarifying the Standards Prior Learning Students worked with radicals and integer exponents in grade 8. They applied the properties of integer exponents to generate equivalent numerical expressions. (8.EE.1) Students evaluated square roots of small perfect squares and cube roots of small perfect cubes. (8.EE.2) In Unit 4.1, students used the Distributive Property and the FOIL method to multiply polynomials (monomials, binomials, and trinomials including special cases). They factored polynomials including trinomials of the form f(x) = ax 2 + bx + c, for a = 1, a 1, greatest common factors, perfect square trinomials, and difference of squares. 44
9 Algebra 1, Quarter 4, Unit 4.2 Quadratic Functions and Equations (12 days) Current Learning Students solve quadratic equations by factoring, completing the square, and the quadratic formula. They graph quadratic functions by determining the x and yintercepts and the axis of symmetry. By completing the square, students graph quadratic functions using vertex form. They also explore and model quadratic relations in realworld situations using graphing technology. Students transform the graph of f(x) = x 2 by translating, stretching, shrinking, and reflecting. They also solve simple systems consisting of a linear equation and a quadratic equation. Future Learning Quadratics have many applications to problems in physics and engineering that students will encounter in future math courses and careers. The study of quadratics prepares students for working with higher order polynomials, the Fundamental Theorem of Algebra, and the Rational Root Theorem. Additional Findings In relation to quadratics, John Allen Paulos wrote in Beyond Numeracy, Many situations in physics, engineering, and elsewhere lead to such equations. (p. 198) Relative to using graphical representations to solve equations, A Research Companion to Principals and Standards for School Mathematics states, One cannot simply expect students to be able to read these representations in the ways they are intended. The process of learning to read such representations is complex and requires teaching and learning. (p. 131) PARCC Model Content Frameworks for Mathematics notes that fluency in transforming expressions and chunking (seeing parts of an expression as a single object) is essential in factoring, completing the square and other mindful calculations. (p. 52) 45
10 Algebra 1, Quarter 4, Unit 4.2 Quadratic Functions and Equations (12 days) 46
11 Algebra 1, Quarter 4, Unit 4.3 Operations with Radicals Overview Number of instructional days: 12 (1 day = minutes) Content to be learned Write an expression with a rational exponent in radical form. Write a radical in exponential form. Simplify expressions involving rational exponents. Simplify radical expressions (square roots). (not in the CCSS) Add, subtract, and multiply radical monomials, expressing the solutions in simplified form (square roots). (not in the CCSS) Investigate the products and sums of two rational numbers, two irrational numbers, and a rational and irrational number (Closure Property). Essential questions What type of number(s) results from the sum of a rational number and an irrational number? What type of number(s) results from the product of a nonzero rational and an irrational number? What type of number(s) results from the sum of two irrational numbers? What type of number(s) results from the product of two irrational numbers? Mathematical practices to be integrated Attend to precision. State the meaning of the radical symbol and interpret it in terms of rational exponents. Look for and make use of structure. Review the properties of exponents to find structure in examples and apply the structure to simplifying rational expressions with exponents. Understand that the set of irrational numbers is closed under addition, but not under multiplication. How do you use rational exponents to represent radicals? How do you know when a radical expression is in simplest form? How do you know when an expression is in simplified rational exponent form? 47
12 Algebra 1, Quarter 4, Unit 4.3 Operations with Radicals (12 days) Written Curriculum Common Core State Standards for Mathematical Content The Real Number System NRN Extend the properties of exponents to rational exponents. NRN.1 NRN.2 Explain how the definition of the meaning of rational exponents follows from extending the properties of integer exponents to those values, allowing for a notation for radicals in terms of rational exponents. For example, we define 5 1/3 to be the cube root of 5 because we want (5 1/3 ) 3 = 5 (1/3)3 to hold, so (5 1/3 ) 3 must equal 5. Rewrite expressions involving radicals and rational exponents using the properties of exponents. Use properties of rational and irrational numbers. NRN.3 Explain why the sum or product of two rational numbers is rational; that the sum of a rational number and an irrational number is irrational; and that the product of a nonzero rational number and an irrational number is irrational. Common Core Standards for Mathematical Practice 6 Attend to precision. Mathematically proficient students try to communicate precisely to others. They try to use clear definitions in discussion with others and in their own reasoning. They state the meaning of the symbols they choose, including using the equal sign consistently and appropriately. They are careful about specifying units of measure, and labeling axes to clarify the correspondence with quantities in a problem. They calculate accurately and efficiently, express numerical answers with a degree of precision appropriate for the problem context. In the elementary grades, students give carefully formulated explanations to each other. By the time they reach high school they have learned to examine claims and make explicit use of definitions. 7 Look for and make use of structure. Mathematically proficient students look closely to discern a pattern or structure. Young students, for example, might notice that three and seven more is the same amount as seven and three more, or they may sort a collection of shapes according to how many sides the shapes have. Later, students will see 7 8 equals the well remembered , in preparation for learning about the distributive property. In the expression x 2 + 9x + 14, older students can see the 14 as 2 7 and the 9 as They recognize the significance of an existing line in a geometric figure and can use the strategy of drawing an auxiliary line for solving problems. They also can step back for an overview and shift perspective. They can see complicated things, such as some algebraic expressions, as single objects or as being composed of several objects. For example, they can see 5 3(x y) 2 as 5 minus a positive number times a square and use that to realize that its value cannot be more than 5 for any real numbers x and y. 48
13 Algebra 1, Quarter 4, Unit 4.3 Operations with Radicals (12 days) Clarifying the Standards Prior Learning Students worked with radicals and integer exponents in grade 8. They applied the properties of integer exponents to generate equivalent numerical expressions. (8.EE.1) Students evaluated square roots of small perfect squares and cube roots of small perfect cubes. (8.EE.2) In Unit 4.1, students used the Distributive Property and the FOIL method to multiply polynomials (monomials, binomials, and trinomials including special cases). In Unit 4.2, students used the quadratic formula to simplify expressions with radicals. Current Learning Students extend their knowledge of exponents to include rational exponents. (NRN.2) They rewrite expressions involving radicals and rational exponents using the properties of exponents. Students add, subtract, and multiply radical expressions and realize that the set of irrational numbers is closed under addition but not multiplication. (NRN.3) Future Learning In Geometry, students will simplify radicals, work with trigonometric ratios, and solve special right triangles. (GSRT.8) In Algebra II and advanced algebra courses, students will connect the closure properties of irrational numbers to operations of complex number solutions for polynomials. (NCN.3, 7, 8) Additional Findings Principles and Standards for School Mathematics notes that high school algebra should provide students with insights into mathematical abstraction and structure. In grades 9 12, students should develop an understanding of algebraic properties that govern the manipulation of symbols in expressions, equations, and inequalities. It continues by adding that students should become fluent in performing such manipulations by appropriate means mentally, by hand, or by machine to solve equations and inequalities, to generate equivalent forms of expressions or functions, or to prove general results. (p. 297) 49
14 Algebra 1, Quarter 4, Unit 4.3 Operations with Radicals (12 days) 50
Creating, Solving, and Graphing Systems of Linear Equations and Linear Inequalities
Algebra 1, Quarter 2, Unit 2.1 Creating, Solving, and Graphing Systems of Linear Equations and Linear Inequalities Overview Number of instructional days: 15 (1 day = 45 60 minutes) Content to be learned
More informationHigh School Algebra 1 Common Core Standards & Learning Targets
High School Algebra 1 Common Core Standards & Learning Targets Unit 1: Relationships between Quantities and Reasoning with Equations CCS Standards: Quantities NQ.1. Use units as a way to understand problems
More informationThis unit will lay the groundwork for later units where the students will extend this knowledge to quadratic and exponential functions.
Algebra I Overview View unit yearlong overview here Many of the concepts presented in Algebra I are progressions of concepts that were introduced in grades 6 through 8. The content presented in this course
More informationPearson Algebra 1 Common Core 2015
A Correlation of Pearson Algebra 1 Common Core 2015 To the Common Core State Standards for Mathematics Traditional Pathways, Algebra 1 High School Copyright 2015 Pearson Education, Inc. or its affiliate(s).
More informationSolving Equations with One Variable
Grade 8 Mathematics, Quarter 1, Unit 1.1 Solving Equations with One Variable Overview Number of Instructional Days: 15 (1 day = 45 minutes) Content to Be Learned Solve linear equations in one variable
More informationCORRELATED TO THE SOUTH CAROLINA COLLEGE AND CAREERREADY FOUNDATIONS IN ALGEBRA
We Can Early Learning Curriculum PreK Grades 8 12 INSIDE ALGEBRA, GRADES 8 12 CORRELATED TO THE SOUTH CAROLINA COLLEGE AND CAREERREADY FOUNDATIONS IN ALGEBRA April 2016 www.voyagersopris.com Mathematical
More informationMathematics Curriculum
Common Core Mathematics Curriculum Table of Contents 1 Polynomial and Quadratic Expressions, Equations, and Functions MODULE 4 Module Overview... 3 Topic A: Quadratic Expressions, Equations, Functions,
More informationQuadratic Functions: Complex Numbers
Algebra II, Quarter 1, Unit 1.3 Quadratic Functions: Complex Numbers Overview Number of instruction days: 1214 (1 day = 53 minutes) Content to Be Learned Mathematical Practices to Be Integrated Develop
More informationPowerTeaching i3: Algebra I Mathematics
PowerTeaching i3: Algebra I Mathematics Alignment to the Common Core State Standards for Mathematics Standards for Mathematical Practice and Standards for Mathematical Content for Algebra I Key Ideas and
More informationFor example, estimate the population of the United States as 3 times 10⁸ and the
CCSS: Mathematics The Number System CCSS: Grade 8 8.NS.A. Know that there are numbers that are not rational, and approximate them by rational numbers. 8.NS.A.1. Understand informally that every number
More informationPythagorean Theorem. Overview. Grade 8 Mathematics, Quarter 3, Unit 3.1. Number of instructional days: 15 (1 day = minutes) Essential questions
Grade 8 Mathematics, Quarter 3, Unit 3.1 Pythagorean Theorem Overview Number of instructional days: 15 (1 day = 45 60 minutes) Content to be learned Prove the Pythagorean Theorem. Given three side lengths,
More informationDRAFT. Algebra 1 EOC Item Specifications
DRAFT Algebra 1 EOC Item Specifications The draft Florida Standards Assessment (FSA) Test Item Specifications (Specifications) are based upon the Florida Standards and the Florida Course Descriptions as
More informationSouth Carolina College and CareerReady (SCCCR) Algebra 1
South Carolina College and CareerReady (SCCCR) Algebra 1 South Carolina College and CareerReady Mathematical Process Standards The South Carolina College and CareerReady (SCCCR) Mathematical Process
More informationContent Emphases by ClusterKindergarten *
Content Emphases by ClusterKindergarten * Counting and Cardinality Know number names and the count sequence. Count to tell the number of objects. Compare numbers. Operations and Algebraic Thinking Understand
More informationMontana Common Core Standard
Algebra I Grade Level: 9, 10, 11, 12 Length: 1 Year Period(s) Per Day: 1 Credit: 1 Credit Requirement Fulfilled: A must pass course Course Description This course covers the real number system, solving
More informationTopic: Solving Linear Equations
Unit 1 Topic: Solving Linear Equations NQ.1. Reason quantitatively and use units to solve problems. Use units as a way to understand problems and to guide the solution of multistep problems; choose and
More informationInteger Operations. Overview. Grade 7 Mathematics, Quarter 1, Unit 1.1. Number of Instructional Days: 15 (1 day = 45 minutes) Essential Questions
Grade 7 Mathematics, Quarter 1, Unit 1.1 Integer Operations Overview Number of Instructional Days: 15 (1 day = 45 minutes) Content to Be Learned Describe situations in which opposites combine to make zero.
More informationHigher Education Math Placement
Higher Education Math Placement Placement Assessment Problem Types 1. Whole Numbers, Fractions, and Decimals 1.1 Operations with Whole Numbers Addition with carry Subtraction with borrowing Multiplication
More informationWentzville School District Algebra 1: Unit 9 Stage 1 Desired Results
Wentzville School District Algebra 1: Unit 9 Stage 1 Desired Results Unit 9  Quadratic Functions Unit Title: Quadratics Functions Course: Algebra I Brief Summary of Unit: At the end of this unit, students
More informationAlgebra Nation MAFS Videos and Standards Alignment Algebra 2
Section 1, Video 1: Linear Equations in One Variable  Part 1 Section 1, Video 2: Linear Equations in One Variable  Part 2 Section 1, Video 3: Linear Equations and Inequalities in Two Variables Section
More informationUnit 2 Quadratic Equations and Polynomial Functions Algebra 2
Number of Days: 29 10/10/16 11/18/16 Unit Goals Stage 1 Unit Description: Students will build on their prior knowledge of solving quadratic equations. In Unit 2, solutions are no longer limited to real
More informationAlgebra II End of Course Exam Answer Key Segment I. Scientific Calculator Only
Algebra II End of Course Exam Answer Key Segment I Scientific Calculator Only Question 1 Reporting Category: Algebraic Concepts & Procedures Common Core Standard: AAPR.3: Identify zeros of polynomials
More informationAlgebra 1 Course Title
Algebra 1 Course Title Course wide 1. What patterns and methods are being used? Course wide 1. Students will be adept at solving and graphing linear and quadratic equations 2. Students will be adept
More informationAlgebra Unpacked Content For the new Common Core standards that will be effective in all North Carolina schools in the 201213 school year.
This document is designed to help North Carolina educators teach the Common Core (Standard Course of Study). NCDPI staff are continually updating and improving these tools to better serve teachers. Algebra
More informationGeorgia Standards of Excellence 20152016 Mathematics
Georgia Standards of Excellence 20152016 Mathematics Standards GSE Coordinate Algebra K12 Mathematics Introduction Georgia Mathematics focuses on actively engaging the student in the development of mathematical
More informationALGEBRA I A PLUS COURSE OUTLINE
ALGEBRA I A PLUS COURSE OUTLINE OVERVIEW: 1. Operations with Real Numbers 2. Equation Solving 3. Word Problems 4. Inequalities 5. Graphs of Functions 6. Linear Functions 7. Scatterplots and Lines of Best
More informationPARCC MODEL CONTENT FRAMEWORK FOR MATHEMATICS. Algebra I Overview FOR ALGEBRA I
PARCC MODEL CONTENT FRAMEWORK FOR MATHEMATICS FOR ALGEBRA I Algebra I Overview Numerals in parentheses designate individual content standards that are eligible for assessment in whole or in part. Underlined
More informationWentzville School District Algebra 1: Unit 8 Stage 1 Desired Results
Wentzville School District Algebra 1: Unit 8 Stage 1 Desired Results Unit Title: Quadratic Expressions & Equations Course: Algebra I Unit 8  Quadratic Expressions & Equations Brief Summary of Unit: At
More informationCourse Title: Honors Algebra Course Level: Honors Textbook: Algebra 1 Publisher: McDougall Littell
Course Title: Honors Algebra Course Level: Honors Textbook: Algebra Publisher: McDougall Littell The following is a list of key topics studied in Honors Algebra. Identify and use the properties of operations
More informationMultiplying Fractions by a Whole Number
Grade 4 Mathematics, Quarter 3, Unit 3.1 Multiplying Fractions by a Whole Number Overview Number of Instructional Days: 15 (1 day = 45 60 minutes) Content to be Learned Apply understanding of operations
More informationAlgebra and Geometry Review (61 topics, no due date)
Course Name: Math 112 Credit Exam LA Tech University Course Code: ALEKS Course: Trigonometry Instructor: Course Dates: Course Content: 159 topics Algebra and Geometry Review (61 topics, no due date) Properties
More informationCommon Core State Standards. Standards for Mathematical Practices Progression through Grade Levels
Standard for Mathematical Practice 1: Make sense of problems and persevere in solving them. Mathematically proficient students start by explaining to themselves the meaning of a problem and looking for
More informationModuMath Algebra Lessons
ModuMath Algebra Lessons Program Title 1 Getting Acquainted With Algebra 2 Order of Operations 3 Adding & Subtracting Algebraic Expressions 4 Multiplying Polynomials 5 Laws of Algebra 6 Solving Equations
More informationCorrelation to the Common Core State Standards for Mathematics Algebra 1. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Algerbra
Correlation to the Common Core State Standards for Mathematics Algebra 1 Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Algerbra 1 2015 Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Algebra I 2015 correlated to the Common Core State Standards
More informationAlgebra I Pacing Guide Days Units Notes 9 Chapter 1 ( , )
Algebra I Pacing Guide Days Units Notes 9 Chapter 1 (1.11.4, 1.61.7) Expressions, Equations and Functions Differentiate between and write expressions, equations and inequalities as well as applying order
More informationAlgebra 1 Course Objectives
Course Objectives The Duke TIP course corresponds to a high school course and is designed for gifted students in grades seven through nine who want to build their algebra skills before taking algebra in
More informationPA Common Core Standards Standards for Mathematical Practice Grade Level Emphasis*
Habits of Mind of a Productive Thinker Make sense of problems and persevere in solving them. Attend to precision. PA Common Core Standards The Pennsylvania Common Core Standards cannot be viewed and addressed
More informationUnderstanding Place Value of Whole Numbers and Decimals Including Rounding
Grade 5 Mathematics, Quarter 1, Unit 1.1 Understanding Place Value of Whole Numbers and Decimals Including Rounding Overview Number of instructional days: 14 (1 day = 45 60 minutes) Content to be learned
More informationHigh School Functions Interpreting Functions Understand the concept of a function and use function notation.
Performance Assessment Task Printing Tickets Grade 9 The task challenges a student to demonstrate understanding of the concepts representing and analyzing mathematical situations and structures using algebra.
More informationManhattan Center for Science and Math High School Mathematics Department Curriculum
Content/Discipline Algebra 1 Semester 2: Marking Period 1  Unit 8 Polynomials and Factoring Topic and Essential Question How do perform operations on polynomial functions How to factor different types
More informationSouth Carolina College and CareerReady (SCCCR) PreCalculus
South Carolina College and CareerReady (SCCCR) PreCalculus Key Concepts Arithmetic with Polynomials and Rational Expressions PC.AAPR.2 PC.AAPR.3 PC.AAPR.4 PC.AAPR.5 PC.AAPR.6 PC.AAPR.7 Standards Know
More informationCOGNITIVE TUTOR ALGEBRA
COGNITIVE TUTOR ALGEBRA Numbers and Operations Standard: Understands and applies concepts of numbers and operations Power 1: Understands numbers, ways of representing numbers, relationships among numbers,
More informationAlgebra 2 YearataGlance Leander ISD 200708. 1st Six Weeks 2nd Six Weeks 3rd Six Weeks 4th Six Weeks 5th Six Weeks 6th Six Weeks
Algebra 2 YearataGlance Leander ISD 200708 1st Six Weeks 2nd Six Weeks 3rd Six Weeks 4th Six Weeks 5th Six Weeks 6th Six Weeks Essential Unit of Study 6 weeks 3 weeks 3 weeks 6 weeks 3 weeks 3 weeks
More informationMATH 095, College Prep Mathematics: Unit Coverage Prealgebra topics (arithmetic skills) offered through BSE (Basic Skills Education)
MATH 095, College Prep Mathematics: Unit Coverage Prealgebra topics (arithmetic skills) offered through BSE (Basic Skills Education) Accurately add, subtract, multiply, and divide whole numbers, integers,
More informationInfinite Algebra 1 supports the teaching of the Common Core State Standards listed below.
Infinite Algebra 1 Kuta Software LLC Common Core Alignment Software version 2.05 Last revised July 2015 Infinite Algebra 1 supports the teaching of the Common Core State Standards listed below. High School
More informationPortable Assisted Study Sequence ALGEBRA IIA
SCOPE This course is divided into two semesters of study (A & B) comprised of five units each. Each unit teaches concepts and strategies recommended for intermediate algebra students. The first half of
More informationGeorgia Standards of Excellence Mathematics
Georgia Standards of Excellence Mathematics Standards GSE Algebra I K12 Mathematics Introduction Georgia Mathematics focuses on actively engaging the student in the development of mathematical understanding
More informationAlgebra 12. A. Identify and translate variables and expressions.
St. Mary's College High School Algebra 12 The Language of Algebra What is a variable? A. Identify and translate variables and expressions. The following apply to all the skills How is a variable used
More informationFlorida Math 0028. Correlation of the ALEKS course Florida Math 0028 to the Florida Mathematics Competencies  Upper
Florida Math 0028 Correlation of the ALEKS course Florida Math 0028 to the Florida Mathematics Competencies  Upper Exponents & Polynomials MDECU1: Applies the order of operations to evaluate algebraic
More informationMATH 0110 Developmental Math Skills Review, 1 Credit, 3 hours lab
MATH 0110 Developmental Math Skills Review, 1 Credit, 3 hours lab MATH 0110 is established to accommodate students desiring noncourse based remediation in developmental mathematics. This structure will
More informationPolynomials and Polynomial Functions
Algebra II, Quarter 1, Unit 1.4 Polynomials and Polynomial Functions Overview Number of instruction days: 1315 (1 day = 53 minutes) Content to Be Learned Mathematical Practices to Be Integrated Prove
More informationMyMathLab ecourse for Developmental Mathematics
MyMathLab ecourse for Developmental Mathematics, North Shore Community College, University of New Orleans, Orange Coast College, Normandale Community College Table of Contents Module 1: Whole Numbers and
More informationOperations and Algebraic Thinking. K.NBT Number and Operations in Base Ten
KINDERGARTEN K.CC K.OA Counting and Cardinality Know number names and the count sequence. Count to tell the number of objects. Compare numbers. Operations and Algebraic Thinking Understand addition as
More informationGeorgia Standards of Excellence Mathematics
Georgia Standards of Excellence Mathematics Standards GSE Algebra II/Advanced Algebra K12 Mathematics Introduction Georgia Mathematics focuses on actively engaging the student in the development of mathematical
More informationQuadratic and Linear Systems
Mathematical Models with Applications, Quarter 3, Unit 3.1 Quadratic and Linear Systems Overview Number of instruction days: 57 (1 day = 53 minutes) Content to Be Learned Mathematical Practices to Be
More informationMATH 65 NOTEBOOK CERTIFICATIONS
MATH 65 NOTEBOOK CERTIFICATIONS Review Material from Math 60 2.5 4.3 4.4a Chapter #8: Systems of Linear Equations 8.1 8.2 8.3 Chapter #5: Exponents and Polynomials 5.1 5.2a 5.2b 5.3 5.4 5.5 5.6a 5.7a 1
More informationDevelopmental Math Course Outcomes and Objectives
Developmental Math Course Outcomes and Objectives I. Math 0910 Basic Arithmetic/PreAlgebra Upon satisfactory completion of this course, the student should be able to perform the following outcomes and
More informationStandards for Mathematical Practice: Commentary and Elaborations for 6 8
Standards for Mathematical Practice: Commentary and Elaborations for 6 8 c Illustrative Mathematics 6 May 2014 Suggested citation: Illustrative Mathematics. (2014, May 6). Standards for Mathematical Practice:
More informationCourse Name: Course Code: ALEKS Course: Instructor: Course Dates: Course Content: Textbook: Dates Objective Prerequisite Topics
Course Name: MATH 1204 Fall 2015 Course Code: N/A ALEKS Course: College Algebra Instructor: Master Templates Course Dates: Begin: 08/22/2015 End: 12/19/2015 Course Content: 271 Topics (261 goal + 10 prerequisite)
More informationOverview of Math Standards
Grade 8A Welcome to math curriculum design maps for Manhattan Ogden USD 383, striving to produce learners who are: Effective Communicators who clearly express ideas and effectively communicate with diverse
More informationGrade 8 Math. Content Skills Learning Targets Assessment Resources & Technology
St. MichaelAlbertville Middle School East Teacher: Dawn Tveitbakk Grade 8 Math September 2014 UEQ: (new) CEQ: WHAT IS THE LANGUAGE OF ALGEBRA? HOW ARE FUNCTIONS USED? HOW CAN ALGEBRA BE USED TO SOLVE
More informationIdentify examples of field properties: commutative, associative, identity, inverse, and distributive.
Topic: Expressions and Operations ALGEBRA II  STANDARD AII.1 The student will identify field properties, axioms of equality and inequality, and properties of order that are valid for the set of real numbers
More informationWentzville School District Curriculum Development Template Stage 1 Desired Results
Wentzville School District Curriculum Development Template Stage 1 Desired Results Unit Title: Radicals and Radical Expressions Course: Middle School Algebra 1 Unit 10 Radicals and Radical Expressions
More informationMath at a Glance for April
Audience: School Leaders, Regional Teams Math at a Glance for April The Math at a Glance tool has been developed to support school leaders and region teams as they look for evidence of alignment to Common
More informationPrentice Hall Mathematics: Algebra 1 2007 Correlated to: Michigan Merit Curriculum for Algebra 1
STRAND 1: QUANTITATIVE LITERACY AND LOGIC STANDARD L1: REASONING ABOUT NUMBERS, SYSTEMS, AND QUANTITATIVE SITUATIONS Based on their knowledge of the properties of arithmetic, students understand and reason
More informationLAKE ELSINORE UNIFIED SCHOOL DISTRICT
LAKE ELSINORE UNIFIED SCHOOL DISTRICT Title: PLATO Algebra 1Semester 2 Grade Level: 1012 Department: Mathematics Credit: 5 Prerequisite: Letter grade of F and/or N/C in Algebra 1, Semester 2 Course Description:
More informationMath 0980 Chapter Objectives. Chapter 1: Introduction to Algebra: The Integers.
Math 0980 Chapter Objectives Chapter 1: Introduction to Algebra: The Integers. 1. Identify the place value of a digit. 2. Write a number in words or digits. 3. Write positive and negative numbers used
More informationALGEBRA I / ALGEBRA I SUPPORT
Suggested Sequence: CONCEPT MAP ALGEBRA I / ALGEBRA I SUPPORT August 2011 1. Foundations for Algebra 2. Solving Equations 3. Solving Inequalities 4. An Introduction to Functions 5. Linear Functions 6.
More informationAlgebra I Support Lab CURRICULUM GUIDE AND INSTRUCTIONAL ALIGNMENT
TRENTON PUBLIC SCHOOLS Department of Curriculum and Instruction 108 NORTH CLINTON AVENUE TRENTON, NEW JERSEY 08609 Secondary Schools Algebra I Support Lab CURRICULUM GUIDE AND INSTRUCTIONAL ALIGNMENT The
More informationWentzville School District Algebra II
Wentzville School District Algebra II Unit 6  Rational Functions Unit Title: Rational Functions Course: Algebra II Brief Summary of Unit: In this unit, students will graph and analyze the properties of
More informationOverview of Math Standards
Algebra 2 Welcome to math curriculum design maps for Manhattan Ogden USD 383, striving to produce learners who are: Effective Communicators who clearly express ideas and effectively communicate with diverse
More informationGeorgia Department of Education. Calculus
K12 Mathematics Introduction Calculus The Georgia Mathematics Curriculum focuses on actively engaging the students in the development of mathematical understanding by using manipulatives and a variety
More informationProblem of the Month: Perfect Pair
Problem of the Month: The Problems of the Month (POM) are used in a variety of ways to promote problem solving and to foster the first standard of mathematical practice from the Common Core State Standards:
More informationPacing for a Common Core Curriculum with Prentice Hall Algebra 1
Pacing for a Common Core Curriculum with Prentice Hall Algebra 1 This leveled Pacing Guide can help you transition to a Common Corebased curriculum with Pearson s Prentice Hall Algebra 1 2011. The first
More informationFlorida Math for College Readiness
Core Florida Math for College Readiness Florida Math for College Readiness provides a fourthyear math curriculum focused on developing the mastery of skills identified as critical to postsecondary readiness
More informationThe program also provides supplemental modules on topics in geometry and probability and statistics.
Algebra 1 Course Overview Students develop algebraic fluency by learning the skills needed to solve equations and perform important manipulations with numbers, variables, equations, and inequalities. Students
More informationCommon Core State Standards  Mathematics Content Emphases by Cluster Grade K
Grade K Not all of the content in a given grade is emphasized equally in the standards. Some clusters require greater emphasis than the others based on the depth of the ideas, the time that they take to
More informationThnkwell s Homeschool Precalculus Course Lesson Plan: 36 weeks
Thnkwell s Homeschool Precalculus Course Lesson Plan: 36 weeks Welcome to Thinkwell s Homeschool Precalculus! We re thrilled that you ve decided to make us part of your homeschool curriculum. This lesson
More informationALG 1A Algebra I, First Semester PR10254, BK (v.3.0) To the Student:
ALG 1A Algebra I, First Semester PR10254, BK10255 (v.3.0) To the Student: After your registration is complete and your proctor has been approved, you may take the Credit by Examination for ALG 1A. WHAT
More informationFlorida Math Correlation of the ALEKS course Florida Math 0022 to the Florida Mathematics Competencies  Lower and Upper
Florida Math 0022 Correlation of the ALEKS course Florida Math 0022 to the Florida Mathematics Competencies  Lower and Upper Whole Numbers MDECL1: Perform operations on whole numbers (with applications,
More informationLinear Systems of Inequalities
Mathematical Models with Applications, Quarter 2, Unit 2.2 Linear Systems of Inequalities Overview Number of instruction days: 57 (1 day = 53 minutes) Content to Be Learned Mathematical Practices to Be
More informationMathematics. Designing High School Mathematics Courses Based on the Common
common core state STANDARDS FOR Mathematics Appendix A: Designing High School Mathematics Courses Based on the Common Core State Standards Overview The (CCSS) for Mathematics are organized by grade level
More informationOverview. Essential Questions. Precalculus, Quarter 1, Unit 1.4 Analyzing Exponential and Logarithmic Functions
Analyzing Exponential and Logarithmic Functions Overview Number of instruction days: 5 7 (1 day = 53 minutes) Content to Be Learned Rewrite radical expressions using the properties of exponents. Rewrite
More informationWest WindsorPlainsboro Regional School District Algebra I Part 2 Grades 912
West WindsorPlainsboro Regional School District Algebra I Part 2 Grades 912 Unit 1: Polynomials and Factoring Course & Grade Level: Algebra I Part 2, 9 12 This unit involves knowledge and skills relative
More informationMeasurement with Ratios
Grade 6 Mathematics, Quarter 2, Unit 2.1 Measurement with Ratios Overview Number of instructional days: 15 (1 day = 45 minutes) Content to be learned Use ratio reasoning to solve realworld and mathematical
More informationPolynomials and Quadratics
Polynomials and Quadratics Want to be an environmental scientist? Better be ready to get your hands dirty!.1 Controlling the Population Adding and Subtracting Polynomials............703.2 They re Multiplying
More informationMiddle School Course Acceleration
Middle School Course Acceleration Some students may choose to take Algebra I in Grade 8 so they can take collegelevel mathematics in high school. Students who are capable of moving more quickly in their
More information4. Factor polynomials over complex numbers, describe geometrically, and apply to realworld situations. 5. Determine and apply relationships among syn
I The Real and Complex Number Systems 1. Identify subsets of complex numbers, and compare their structural characteristics. 2. Compare and contrast the properties of real numbers with the properties of
More informationOverview. Essential Questions. Precalculus, Quarter 4, Unit 4.5 Build Arithmetic and Geometric Sequences and Series
Sequences and Series Overview Number of instruction days: 4 6 (1 day = 53 minutes) Content to Be Learned Write arithmetic and geometric sequences both recursively and with an explicit formula, use them
More informationMathematics Online Instructional Materials Correlation to the 2009 Algebra I Standards of Learning and Curriculum Framework
Provider York County School Division Course Syllabus URL http://yorkcountyschools.org/virtuallearning/coursecatalog.aspx Course Title Algebra I AB Last Updated 2010  A.1 The student will represent verbal
More informationHigh School Algebra Reasoning with Equations and Inequalities Solve equations and inequalities in one variable.
Performance Assessment Task Quadratic (2009) Grade 9 The task challenges a student to demonstrate an understanding of quadratic functions in various forms. A student must make sense of the meaning of relations
More informationALGEBRA I (Created 2014) Amherst County Public Schools
ALGEBRA I (Created 2014) Amherst County Public Schools The 2009 Mathematics Standards of Learning Curriculum Framework is a companion document to the 2009 Mathematics Standards of Learning and amplifies
More informationEvaluation Tool for Assessment Instrument Quality
REPRODUCIBLE Figure 4.4: Evaluation Tool for Assessment Instrument Quality Assessment indicators Description of Level 1 of the Indicator Are Not Present Limited of This Indicator Are Present Substantially
More informationDRAFT. Algebra 1 EOC Item Specifications
DRAFT Algebra 1 EOC Item Specifications The release of the updated FSA Test Item Specifications is intended to provide greater specificity for item writers in developing items to be field tested in 2016.
More informationWentzville School District Formal Algebra II
Wentzville School District Formal Algebra II Unit 6  Rational Functions Unit Title: Rational Functions Course: Formal Algebra II Brief Summary of Unit: In this unit, students will graph and analyze the
More informationAdvanced Algebra 2. I. Equations and Inequalities
Advanced Algebra 2 I. Equations and Inequalities A. Real Numbers and Number Operations 6.A.5, 6.B.5, 7.C.5 1) Graph numbers on a number line 2) Order real numbers 3) Identify properties of real numbers
More informationAlgebra 1 Course Information
Course Information Course Description: Students will study patterns, relations, and functions, and focus on the use of mathematical models to understand and analyze quantitative relationships. Through
More informationPrentice Hall Mathematics: Algebra 2 2007 Correlated to: Utah Core Curriculum for Math, Intermediate Algebra (Secondary)
Core Standards of the Course Standard 1 Students will acquire number sense and perform operations with real and complex numbers. Objective 1.1 Compute fluently and make reasonable estimates. 1. Simplify
More informationAlgebra 1. Curriculum Map
Algebra 1 Curriculum Map Table of Contents Unit 1: Expressions and Unit 2: Linear Unit 3: Representing Linear Unit 4: Linear Inequalities Unit 5: Systems of Linear Unit 6: Polynomials Unit 7: Factoring
More informationALGEBRA 1/ALGEBRA 1 HONORS
ALGEBRA 1/ALGEBRA 1 HONORS CREDIT HOURS: 1.0 COURSE LENGTH: 2 Semesters COURSE DESCRIPTION The purpose of this course is to allow the student to gain mastery in working with and evaluating mathematical
More information