1 New Marriage Trend in Turkey: Screen Marriage Gozde Demirel. Universitat Rovira i Virgili, Tarragona (Spain) In Turkey, television plays a fundamental role as a mass medium as it is the main source of information and entertainment in society. The appearance of private channels in the 1990s has led to an astonishing proliferation of programmes that seek to pair off contestants. The objective is, in theory, to find someone to marry, but in fact most men and women who participate in these programmes only want to exhibit themselves and have a few minutes of on-screen glory. Most Turkish families enthusiastically follow these reality shows and do not question the good intentions of the television channels. However, these channels simply wish to continue the farce to maintain their audiences. Introduction Television is the most important mass communication tool of our age because it brings the world into our home. In television, images and sound work together to create programmes and commercials (Butler, 2009: 5) and the most important point of its success is broadcasting harmonious sounds and images. This always attracts and fascinates audiences so that the subject that television concentrates on is not important. After all the technological and marketing developments, in our age television has become the most important source of entertainment. In the countries where it is new, such as Turkey, time spent in front of the TV is taken from other activities. For example, in Turkey 20% of the population watch TV more than five hours per day. People s general knowledge is acquired through television but, because of the superficial knowledge level of the medium, this information does not reflect reality. Television in Turkey was introduced in 1968 by the government media power Turkish Radio and Television Corporation (TRT). A full national television schedule, which at that time linked the areas in and around Ankara, Istanbul and Izmir, started in December 1971 (Mutlu, 2008: 181). The Turkish Radio and Television Corporation as a public administration continued its monopoly broadcasting, with its own policies, until the 1990s. TRT s broadcasting policy, in general, was founded on the values of the West and it was not really possible to find any programmes which reflected the values of the public. Since the creation of the modern Republic in Turkey, the elitist culture of the West has shown itself to be a popular culture. The foremost representative of this culture was TRT. And for the peripheries that are not aware of these values, these programmes have been extremely difficult to understand and interpret. The people who experienced the period of transition between the old and new traditions,
2 158 New Marriage Trend in Turkey: Screen Marriage Gozde Demirel a transition that concerned the change from traditional to modern values, often found themselves between the values of the superstructure and their own. People living in the rural areas were still the guardians of their values and they were looking for programmes related to their taste. In this context, they were unfamiliar with the programmes which were broadcast by the TRT monopoly and this was addressed in the early 1990s by the private channels. The first private channel, Star TV, started broadcasting in This gave birth to the duality between TRT and the private channels. This distinction was also reflected in the broadcasting policy. In contrast to the official artists and musicians with a high level of music education and who are employed by the state as civil servants, the private channels began to show Arabesque and popular music programmes in the name of entertainment. This attracted audiences and they turned towards popular artists (Yildiz, 2004: 174). People began to feel closer to the private channels which reflected their own values and we see that the programmes have an Arabesque basis and are closer to folk culture. A little later in 1994, broadcasting by private channels became legal and their numbers began to increase very quickly. At first glance, this rapid change in the media was one of the most important factors which affected the relationship between television and the Turkish family, but there were significant changes in the structure of the latter. Basically, after Turgut Özal, a Turkish political leader who was the 19th prime minister in 1983 and the 8th president of Turkey in 1989, and his expansion of liberalisation, many things changed. The increasing migration from rural to urban areas, and urban distortions, were the results of these emerging elements. As a result, suburban culture and Arabesque music became the most important representatives of the media market. The channels, which closely monitor these changes, established the contents of programmes according to the characteristics of Arabesque and popular culture, achieving great success in a short period. As the family structure changed, technology and the media served as an agent of these changes. Turkish Society and Entertainment Programmes The effects of the mass media on social change have been the subject of several pieces of research. It is clear that television has shaped and influenced social culture. In the last twenty years, especially in the cultural field, the velocity of social change has increased even further. Television as the most common and cheapest mass media appliance became the main conveyer of popular culture in terms of cultural changes. Day by day the line between the boundaries of private intimate life and official public life began to disappear Popular culture is a common public culture and represents the common beliefs and practices shared by society. On the other hand, mass culture is a process which uses manipulation techniques to maintain power and does not allow creativity. In Turkey, especially in the 1990s, with the spread of private channels, the changes in cultural fields increased and the presence of popular culture has gained intensity (Yildiz, 2004: 175). In recent years, magazines have proliferated on all TV channels. And we can say that they are the product of this popular culture. These programmes, which have been running on almost every channel, cause cultural corruption in the name of cultural function. As a result, day by day the line between the boundaries of private intimate life and official public life began to disappear.
3 Quaderns de la Mediterrània 15, 2011: Sebnem Soyguder explains its causes very well: Popularism increased especially in Turkey in the period because of the military coups and these programmes are the product of this general social trend (2003: 89). Moreover, at this time the private channels increased their numbers and Turkish society began to enter a period of liberation after the repressive military environment. Again, as stated by Soyguder: In this period, society encountered the entertainment industry and started to move away from the products of the superstructure (2003: 90). In Turkey, marriage shows always attract a huge percentage of the television audience As a result, people are close to the products of popular culture. The concept of popular has two general meanings: public ownership and widely accepted and consumed. While the first definition of this concept is positive, the second seems negative because it implies cultural distortion and banality (Yildiz, 2004: 175). As is known, the reasons for this negative point of view are the values which were produced by the media: success, glorification of the good, get-rich-quick scam, being famous and competing for praise. When all these values are combined with entertainment, the result is a new visual ideology (Kose, 2006: 64). Turkey was just one more stop in the march of American and European reality shows toward global domination, with stations importing formats such as Big Brother, Survivor, Pop Idol and audiences watching in numbers that ensured the shows kept coming (Vick, 2005). Then Pelin Akat had her revelation. Pelin Akat is the person who imported these programmes to Turkey. She had particular success with a marriage show called Will You Be My Bride and she sold her format to the entire world. It was a new interpretation from the girl-meets-boy to the girl-meets-boy-and-boy s mother reality show. These reality programmes aimed to show the importance of family decisions in the marriage of children. The season finale drew 74% of the television audience (Vick, 2005). In Turkey, marriage shows always attract a huge percentage of the television audience. Since 2003, there have been many different formats on this subject but the new age started with Esra Erol, who is a presenter of marriage reality shows. New Trend in Turkey: Marriage Reality Shows and the Incurability of Participants A short time ago, there were four different programmes on various private channels. On ATV, Esra Erol da Evlen Benimle [Marry Me with Esra Erol], every weekday from 3 pm to 6.30 pm, thus filling over 17 hours of air time per week. The other one is on Star TV, S Zuhal Topal la İzdivaç [Marriage with Zuhal Topal] between am and 3 pm, covering four hours a day and twenty hours a week. FOX also has a marriage programme: Songül Karli and Uğur Arslan introduce the programme Su Gibi [Like Water] every weekday from pm to 3 pm. Fox s daily broadcast schedule devotes two hours and 45 minutes to the marriage programme, approximately 12 hours per week. Star TV, ATV and FOX devote 50 hours per week to marriage programmes, giving them a huge place on television. The three channels broadcast live every day for 10 hours. Isn t it interesting that they do not have any trouble finding people who are looking for a partner? 1 There are a lot of people who want to marry in my country!! 1. A. Eyüboglu, Evlilik programları kime ne kazandırıyor?, evlilik-programlari-kime-ne-kazandiriyor, 24th November 2009.
4 160 New Marriage Trend in Turkey: Screen Marriage Gozde Demirel Anyone aged can participate in these programmes. The conditions are: to be single and have a job (for male candidates). Every day, just two of these programmes have a waiting list of four thousand people. About half of these cannot be considered for reasons such as being unemployed or not officially divorced. Every day 14 people from the two thousand have a chance to appear on screen. Each week 70 people introduce themselves in the live broadcast. Sometimes, the family is asked for permission and the weddings are held in the studio. 59% of those people who apply for marriage are male, 41% are women. 20% of applicants are aged between 18 and 25, 35% between 26 and 40 and 45% of participants are over 40. We can say that marriage programmes on television represent a serious social problem. None of them aim to marry the candidates; they want to use them as an element of entertainment. Almost all of them have the same content: the studio is filled by men and women from various parts of the country. They introduce themselves and explain their situation and what are they looking for. If someone from the audience likes them, the producer invites him/her to the studio and they start talking with a partition screen between them. When the screen is opened, Esra Erol asks: Did you feel any electricity? (In other words, did you like him/her?) No, there was no electricity. (In other words, he or she didn t like them) Well, then we ll find you somebody else!! And while all of this is happening, someone is singing a song, someone is crying, and the grandfathers and grandmothers are dancing on the stage. 2 Then the screen is brought back, and the senseless chat about electricity, in poor quality Turkish, starts again: And did you get any electricity from this one? I want a man with blue eyes and brown hair, naturally with a job and house as I do not want to pay rent. Ok, ok, where is the other candidate? Come on, dance, dance. Men and women who have no ideas about themselves and have never seen each other apply to participate in these programmes. Some of them use these programmes as a last resort to get married. They come with pure emotions and imaginations. Unfortunately, they do not understand that they are on a reality show and so these people will be disappointed because they believe in them, they believe the presenters. For example, public surveys show that in Turkey people believe Seda Seyan, who is a singer and presenter of a women s programme with nearly the same format, more than the president. We can say that marriage programmes on television represent a serious social problem. None of them aim to marry the candidates; they want to use them as an element of entertainment Why do these people become like that? Why are they looking for their partner in front of 70 million people, exposing themselves to all kinds of insults? Why is marriage, which is accepted as a respectable institution, wrapped up in such a watered-down format? It is so hard to understand why pseudo-intellectuals, who described arranged marriage as an outdated form, now say nothing about this screen marriage? The media is certainly not interested in marriage; they want to earn money and increase ratings. If we examine those programmes positively, we can say that they are a new and modern 2. M. Bayraktar, Evlilik Programlari Furyasi, April 2010.
5 Quaderns de la Mediterrània 15, 2011: dimension of arranged marriages which is very frequent in our society. But those programmes can only correspond to the concept of an arranged marriage up to a point because the first principle of an arranged marriage is based on the direct or indirect knowledge that the parents have about the marriage candidates. In the screen marriage no one can guarantee the authenticity of the information given. During the broadcast, people can lie to each other or they can expect something different and then the image they encounter can be more negative than they thought and they can be hugely disappointed. However, the most important issue to be discussed is people s desperation. Marrying in marriage programmes is like winning the lottery: you need luck. There are some couples who meet in these programmes and have a storybook ending, but this is a remote possibility. What Purpose Is Served by Marriage Programmes? The family structure of Turkish society has changed. As is known, families are divided into several types according to social, economic and local conditions. The traditional extended and nuclear families are the two common types in Turkey. The traditional extended family generally means that three generations live together: grandfather, adult sons and sons sons, their wives and their unmarried daughters; the married daughter becomes a member of her husband s family and lives with them. There is a unity of production and consumption together with common property. This type of family is becoming rarer today. The nuclear family, parallel to industrialisation and urbanisation, is replacing traditional families. The nuclear family consists of a husband, wife and unmarried children and is more suited to modern Turkish social life today. 3 But this change has also had effects, because we are living in a period when people try to find other ways to overcome loneliness. And this new trend of marriage programmes is their solution. We must carefully evaluate the purpose that has been served by these programmes. The most important issue to be discussed is people s desperation. Marrying in marriage programmes is like winning the lottery: you need luck Do producers really think in terms of a well-intentioned Let our people get married, don t let anyone be alone or are they only pursuing ratings? Also, do participants come with simple pure emotions or do they set their sights on being famous? Do people give accurate information about themselves? Do their families support them? How much opportunity do they have to get to know the person that they meet there? This is very important because marriage is a serious decision and when families get involved, many different problems can arise. The astonishing thing is that families believe them, and send their children or even sometimes accompany them to the studio. Since time immemorial, Turkey has presented an image of a closed community but in the last five years we have been in a period of mutation and it is incredible that we have become accustomed to sharing everything that we experience. The private lives of people can be very easily deciphered from the screen and values such as confidentiality and privacy are eliminated from society. Now unscrupulous families can send their children to those places to find a prince on a white horse. 3. S. Yenen, Turkish Odyssey,
6 162 New Marriage Trend in Turkey: Screen Marriage Gozde Demirel On the other hand, there are people who are really alone and the programme provides an environment to meet the opposite sex and get married. From this point of view, it serves a good purpose. But, nevertheless, bringing people together and leading them towards an important decision about their future is a huge responsibility. Each person will come to the programme with different expectations of marriage and these expectations can be material or moral. When we watch these programmes carefully, we see that many of those who participate are definitely at the end of their tether, especially when women explain their reasons: that they want a house, a good life and are looking for a husband who can look after their children. It is no easy task to look for a partner on a TV show and psychological makeup should be considered. Moreover, a person can really be in desperate need and may have to resort to this method. From this point of view, it can be also considered to serve a good purpose. However, decisions taken in haste, without knowing each other or each other s families and being influenced by the comments of others, will result in a bad marriage. Because marriage is a matter of patience: it is easy to start but painful to continue. Therefore, it is necessary to make better decisions. References AZIZ, A., Televizyonun Yetişkin Eğitimindeki Yerin ve Önemi, Ankara, Todaie Yayınları, BAYRAKTAR, M., Evlilik Programları Furyası, http: //www.mesajhaber.com/artikel.php?artikel_ id=1508, 17th April BUTLER, J.G., Television: Critical Methods and Applications, New Jersey, Taylor & Francis e-library, EYÜBOGLU, A., Evlilik programları kime ne kazandırıyor?, yazarlar/ali-eyuboglu/176-evlilik-programlarikime-ne-kazandiriyor, 24th November KOSE, H., Magazin Medyası ve Gençliğin Nevrotik Evrimi: Pop Star, Biz Evleniyoruz, Sevda Masalı v.b. Yarışma Programlarına Eleştirel Bakış, Selçuk İletişim, No. 2, Konya, 2006, p. 64. MUTLU, E., Televizyonu Anlamak, Istanbul, Ayraç Yayınları, OZSOY, A., İzliyorum Öyleyse Varım: Türkiye de Kentli Ailenin Televizyon İzleme Sureci Üzerinde Genel Bir Değerlendirme, Bilim ve Aklin Aydınlığında Eğitim Dergisi, No. 57, Ankara, SOYGUDER, S., Eyvah Paparazzi, Istanbul, Om Yayınevi, TEKINALP, S., Camera Obsura dan Synoption a Radyo ve Televizyon, Istanbul, Der Yayınları, VICK, K., On Turkish Reality Shows: Reality Shows Put Mother in Charge, Washington Post Foreign Service, 10th October, YAPICI, S., Bir Eğitim Aracı Olarak Televizyon ve Etkileri, text.php3?id=272. YENEN, S., Turkish Odyssey, turkishodyssey.com /turkey/culture/people.htm. YILDIZ, S., Televizyonlarda Yayınlanan Magazin, Eğlence ve Yarışma Türü Programların Toplumsal Kültür Üzerine Etkileri Kırıkkale ve Ankara Örneği-, Bilim ve Aklın Aydınlığında Eğitim, Popüler Kültür ve Gençlik Özel Sayısı, No. 57, Ankara, 2004.
Turkish Online Journal of Distance Education-TOJDE January 2001 ISSN 1302-6488 Volume: 2 Number: 1 Article No: 6 TELEVISION AS AN EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY: USING TELEVISION AT OPEN EDUCATION FACULTY, ANADOLU
WIFE IMPORTING VIOLENCE IN ATTACHMENT RELATIONSHIPS 1 More than a thousand women sought support at Roks' women s shelters during 2008 and 2009, after being exposed to violence in their attachment relationship,
MIDDLETOWN FAMILY FINDS ITS NICHE IN NURSING FIELD Posted: April 25, 2015 By SALLY VOTH The Winchester Star The McNeely family (from left) Linda, Jennifer, Kyle and Keith, are shown at Winchester Medical
Graphics Designer 101 Learn The Basics To Becoming A Graphics Designer! Contents Introduction Chapter 1 The Role of the Graphics Designer Chapter 2 Qualifications in Order to Become a Graphics Designer
Pastor Spotlight Martha Fisher, CBC Women s Pastor Inspiration Martha Fisher, Women s Pastor at Community Bible Church, leads with a passion to reach, teach and help the women of our community for Jesus.
Graphic Design for Beginners Presented By MasterResaleRights.com Table of Contents Introduction 3 Chapter 1 The Role of the Graphic Designer 5 Chapter 2 Qualifications in Order to Become a Graphic Designer
MODULE - 3 Characteristics of 9 CHARACTERISTICS OF RADIO You probably know the story of Sanjay in the Mahabharata who described the war to Dritharasthtra who could not see. Sanjay could see the war with
One Drop of Love Press Coverage Sept. 16 - Sept. 24 Preview: Fanshen Cox DiGiovanni questions race and identity in One Drop of Love BY KELUNDRA SMITH Fanshen Cox DiGiovanni in her show One Drop of Love.
Appendix - One of the most important sources of information for the psychologist is the experiences which individuals undergo. I request you to help me in my work by sparing your valuable time to answer
ORGANIZING AN EVENT Events that are run to raise money need to be very carefully planned; for every successfully run event, there is one that has lost money. Be clear on the purpose of the event: is it
A Study Of Mental Divorce Introduction. The issue of mental divorce is a hot topic among brethren. It has been fervently discussed in so many places. It is also a timely topic as well. Because of its relevance
Clinical Trials Clinical Trials This brochure is for people making decisions about cancer treatment. You may be thinking about a clinical trial for you or your child but need to know more before you decide.
The following interview with Sean Logan, the College Counseling Director at Phillips Academy in the US, addresses many of the changing realities of thecollege application landscape in the past 10-15 years
Advertising media - A There is a large variety of media available to advertisers, and therefore advertisers must choose the medium/media which best deliver their message to potential customers in the most
Legal Notice: This ebook is copyright protected. This is only for personal use. You cannot amend, distribute, sell, use, quote or paraphrase any part or the content within this ebook without the consent
How being single affects the individual and the society (9:30 to 10:15, 45 minutes) Bella DePaulo I m 60 years old and I have always been single. I always will be. I love being single. I have never dreamed
Navy Recruiting Command For further information, contact: Public Affairs Office 882-9048 (DSN) 5722 Integrity Drive (901) 874-9048 (Phone) Millington, TN 38054-5057 (901) 874-9074 (Fax) July 1, 2011 FOR
Media: Participants learn about the media s influence on our lives; participants identify how the media influences their attitudes; participants brainstorm ways to combat the media s negative influence.
Wimbledon Has Sent Me a Message: I'm Only a Second-Class Champion Venus Williams The Times, June 26, 2006 Lexile Measure: 1130L Have you ever been let down by someone that you had long admired, respected
How to make online video work for your business Video marketing for the web works, but there are a few things to consider making sure you get the most out of it. Lee Walker of Blue Chew Digital explains
The Basics of Building Credit This program was developed to help middle school students learn the basics of building credit. At the end of this lesson, you should know about all of the Key Topics below:»
First 100 Instant Words the had out than of by many first and words then water a but them been to not these called in what so who is all some oil you were her sit that we would now it when make find he
Production Company Policy Paper Executive Summary This paper queries if these donations can be better utilised where we have total control over the content produced, because the issue at hand is not the
Moving on If you re still reading this, congratulations, you re likely to be in the minority of traders who act based on facts, not emotions. Countless others would have simply denied the facts, and moved
DAY 13 TUTORIAL #7: Ensure Your Marketing Gets Noticed Copyright Academy For Growth Limited Suites 1 10, Springfield House, Water Lane, Wilmslow, Cheshire, SK9 5BG, United Kingdom www.bgsvault.co.uk Tel:
The Use of Film, Television, and Music in Teaching Graduate Nursing Students Concepts of Qualitative Research Michelle L. Edmonds, PhD, ARNP, CEN, CNE Jacksonville University Jacksonville, FL Problem Qualitative
The Probate Service What is probate? When a person dies somebody has to deal with their estate (money property and possessions left) by collecting in all the money, paying any debts and distributing what
Putting Telephone Scams... On Hold Federal Trade Commission Toll-free 1-877-FTC-HELP Federal Trade Commission Toll-free 1-877-FTC-HELP www.ftc.gov For the Consumer www.ftc.gov For the Consumer Telemarketing
Role of husbands and wives in Ephesians 5 Summary The aim of this study is to help us think about relationships between men and women. It is meant to get us thinking about how we should behave in intimate
http://eab.org.tr Available online at: http://ijrte.eab.org.tr/1/spc.issue/4a.guzel.pdf Educational Research Association The International Journal of Research in Teacher Education 2010, 1(Special Issue):
How people with learning disabilities use TV, telephones, mobiles and the internet. Shop. EasyRead version of the report: People with learning disabilities and communications services. Shop. What is in
Financial Freedom: Three Steps to Creating and Enjoying the Wealth You Deserve What does financial freedom mean to you? Does it mean freedom from having to work, yet still being able to enjoy life without
The definitive guide to purchasing video production services 1. Introduction - the guide Video is everywhere. It s in our homes, on our PCs, on mobile phones, on cameras, in shops, and of course all over
Programme Specification: BA (Hons) Media and Communication Every course offered by Birmingham City University has a programme specification. A programme specification sets out the knowledge, understanding
THRIVE MOMS RETREAT host handbook drawing closer to the heart of God in community with one another THRIVEMOMS.COM/LOCAL table of CONTENTS Welcome Letter How to Get Started Spreading the Word Social Media
BİLET 2. Aşama Örnek Sınav READING SECTION Siblings Relationships: A Brief Analysis 1 During childhood, sisters and brothers are a major part of each other s lives for better or for worse. As adults they
Steps to Starting a Correctional Ministry with Your Church Step 1: Pray Prayer should be the foundation for ministry. Pray about what God wants for the specific institution, your individual role, and the
Census records are one of the best ways to discover details about your family and how that family changed every 10 years. You ll discover names, addresses, what people did for a living, even which ancestor
Public Relations in the Education market The essence of PR is a clash of wants and desires. PR involves telling journalists, producers and editors about your product or service in a way that results in
SCREENING CHAPTER 10 INFORMATION SOCIETY AND MEDIA AGENDA ITEM 11B: AUDIOVISUAL POLICY Country Session: The Republic of TURKEY 13-14 July 2006 Content I. General Overview II. Charter Agreement III. State
Page 1 Table of Content The Psychic Lotto Formula Jackpot to Success System... 4 Part 1 Channeling the Power of Your Mind to Success... 6 Part 2 Visualization... 12 Part 3 Integrating Luck and Making it
Fry Instant Words High Frequency Words The Fry list of 600 words are the most frequently used words for reading and writing. The words are listed in rank order. First Hundred Group 1 Group 2 Group 3 Group
Club Accounts. 2011 Question 6. Anyone familiar with Farm Accounts or Service Firms (notes for both topics are back on the webpage you found this on), will have no trouble with Club Accounts. Essentially
Devotion NT267 CHILDREN S DEVOTIONS FOR THE WEEK OF: LESSON TITLE: The Second Coming THEME: Jesus is coming again. SCRIPTURE: Matthew 24:27-31 Dear Parents Welcome to Bible Time for Kids. Bible Time for
Sample Process Recording - First Year MSW Student Agency: Surgical Floor, City Hospital Client System: Harold Harper, age 68, retired widower Date: November 18, 20xx Presenting Issues: Cardiologist observed
Press Release Huge Crowd Celebrate New Year s Eve at Sands Resorts Cotai Strip Macao Wealth of entertainment options entice bumper number of visitors to come and welcome 2015 with live music, street entertainment,
Assessment of the project International Marketing Offensive for Smart Phones in China 1. Assessment of the project itself In November 2014 we started preparing our project which was an international marketing
The Children s Advertising Review Unit Presents: A Parent s Guide to Advertising and Your Child Produced in collaboration with the Toy Industry Association A WORD TO PARENTS Advertising is all around us.
By: James Iannelli RI Reputation Management www.reputationmanagementri.com (401) 316-2931 1 Introduction As a business owner, you already know that managing a business is a LOT of work; from keeping the
What Lawyers Don t Tell You The Realities of Record Keeping Welcome to the Power of Attorney Podcast which is part of our Conversations that Matter Podcasts. My name is Mary Bart, Chair of Caregiving Matters.
Learn. Act. Share. Human trafficking is the buying and selling of men, women and children within countries and across borders in order to exploit them for profit. The trafficker takes away the basic human
Constructing a new language from a marxist perspective for social sciences in the 21 st century: a proposal Fuat Ercan Güven Selçuk Senem Sönmez Selçuk Abstract As it has been widely argued, 20 th century
Fort Collins Residential Cable Television Questionnaire 1. Does your household currently subscribe to cable television services from Comcast? Response Percent Response Count Yes, from Comcast cable television.
Happy Families This is a simple inheritance game. It shows how children receive characteristic features from their parents. Will they get their mum s blue eyes or their dad s brown eyes? Will they be tall
DEC 2015 - JAN 2016 KIDS & TEENS SUMMER HOLIDAYS LEARN NEW SKILLS IN FILMMAKING, TV PRESENTING, SCREEN ACTING RADIO, DIGI ANIMATION & MORE! AUSTRALIAN FILM TELEVISION AND RADIO SCHOOL SUMMER SCHOOL HOLIDAY
Look at the adjectives below. Which words describe young people? Which ones describe older people? wise adolescent serious rebellious dynamic knowledgeable sceptical innovative shallow In your opinion,
Love Story by Taylor Swift M A R I E S C O T T H O U S E 1 ST 10-27- 08 Novelistic/Dramatic Speaker: Juliet Setting: A castle during a ball Protagonist: Juliet Antagonist: Juliet s dad Conflict: man vs.
WHAT DOES THE BIBLE SAY ABOUT UNMARRIED PEOPLE? Message Title: What does the Bible Say About Unmarried People? Topic: Singleness and Celibacy Bible Verses: 1 Corinthians 7:7-9, 26-34, 37-38; Matthew 19:9-12
These exercises look at the topics in the context of a communications mix. We start with an examination of what advertising objectives are (Exercise 7.1). We then look at how to set advertising objectives
Explanatory Notes: WILL WE BE MARRIED IN THE LIFE AFTER DEATH? Series title: Topic: Marriage in heaven / heaven as a marriage Table of Contents: Message 1: What is the Life after Death Like? p. 1 Message
Bachelor of Individualized Studies: Mass Communication, Art, Design Studies I bought my first camera seven years ago this fall. I began taking pictures as quickly as possible, set on never missing a moment.
PUSD High Frequency Word List For Reading and Spelling Grades K-5 High Frequency or instant words are important because: 1. You can t read a sentence or a paragraph without knowing at least the most common.
January, 2013 Psychic Medium Carmel Joy Baird NEWSLETTER So the world didn t end...what now? Many people were preparing for the end of the world on December 21, 2012. The build up for months was that it
Devotion NT298 CHILDREN S DEVOTIONS FOR THE WEEK OF: LESSON TITLE: Paul s First Missionary Journey THEME: God has a calling on the lives of every one of His children! SCRIPTURE: Acts 12:25 13:52 Dear Parents
GUIDELINES FOR TEXTING COMPETITIONS/PROMOTIONS FOR FIJI A framework for Self Regulation 1.1 Rationale The Fiji Commerce Commission ( the Commission ) proposed guidelines recognizes that promoters and media
Debica is a beautiful and idyllic place. Debica is a beautiful and idyllic place. The people here are all friendly and I never filt like not welcome. This will always stay very positive in my memories-said
The fostering information pack Welcome to Dudley Council s fostering service Dudley Council s fostering service, meeting children s needs through high quality care. Our fostering service plays an essential
Integrated Skills in English 2015 Portfolio tasks ISE 0, I, II, III & IV 1. These are the only acceptable tasks for candidates taking the ISE exam from 1 January 2015. Your portfolio tasks must come from
INTRODUCTION In the future, everyone will be world- famous for fifteen minutes. Andy Warhol coined that prophetic line in 1968. But even he likely couldn t have imagined just how true his prediction would
Chapter 4: Executive Producers EXECUTIVE PRODUCERS THE SHOWRUNNER You are now in charge of pre-production, production, and post-production. In other words, everything. The most critical task on your agenda,
1 Conference Call with Dr. Olli Heinonen Transcript David Harris: Welcome ladies and gentlemen. I m absolutely delighted that The Israel Project is hosting Dr. Olli Heinonen for this conference call on
PATERNITY CHILD SUPPORT and YOU A parent s guide to the legal side of fatherhood and financial support Are your child s rights protected? In Texas, children born to unmarried parents do not have the same
Photographers Wedding Day Cheat Sheet and Shot List A Comprehensive Checklist to Ease Those Wedding Shoot Jitters By Ryan Oakley of Photographers Wedding Day Cheat Sheet and Shot List A Comprehensive Checklist
Resolving Disputes Respectfully www.collaborativepractice.com INTRODUCTION Thank you for downloading the 12 page Collaborative Practice Knowledge Kit which contains: The Collaborative Divorce vs. Litigation
Effective Marriage Counseling The His Needs, Her Needs G u i d e to Helping Couples Willard F. Harley, Jr. O 2010 by Willard F. Harley, Jr. Published by Revell a division of Baker Publishing Group P.O.
Big Dance Trafalgar Square 2016 By Akram Khan Application and Participation Information Guide 1 Special Invitation to be part of London s final Big Dance To open the 2016 Big Dance Festival on 2 July 2016,
HONG KONG DIPLOMA OF SECONDARY EDUCATION LIBERAL STUDIES INDEPENDENT ENQUIRY STUDY Year: 2014 Title: How reading comics affect teenagers interpersonal relationship? Table of Contents Chapter 1 Abstract
FAMILY VISITOR (VAF1B NOV 2008) This form is for use outside the UK only. This form is provided free of charge. READ THIS FIRST This form must be completed in English. You may use blue or black ink. Please
GUIDING STRONG KIDS TO A STRONG FUTURE Strong Kids Campaign SIX LIVES AT A TURNING POINT. Six kids who once had trouble picturing a better future, now pursue it with vigor and passion. Here are six visions,
Blessings and Birthrights Bible Verse The Lord bless you and keep you. (Numbers 6:24) Did You Know? The birth of Jacob and Esau, twin sons of Isaac and Rebekah, continues the story of the descendants of