World Data Center for Biodiversity and Ecology - ICSU WDC System. OAS/IABIN Protected Area Meeting January 23, 2007

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1 World Data Center for Biodiversity and Ecology - ICSU WDC System OAS/IABIN Protected Area Meeting January 23, 2007

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3 WDCBE Partnerships ICSU World Data Center System USGS Host(s) - National Biological Information Infrastructure (NBII)/Biology - Geospatial Analysis and Monitoring (GAM)/Geography - Mapping Centers Rocky Mountain Mapping Center Global Data Tool Kit (GDT) Earth Resources Observation Systems Data Center (EROS) Rapid Landcover Mapping Tool (RLM)

4 WDCBE Partnerships GBIF (Specimens & Species distributions) - Value added data integration UNEP-WCMC (Protected Areas) - WDPA Redevelopment - Global value added databases - Tool development - IABIN (Regional data acquisition) - GAP/USGS format to IUCN data format BirdLife International (IBAs( IBAs) - Tools and global value added data sets - Data integration and analyses IABIN - tools and data input/integration/application

5 Other Joint GAM/NBII/WDCBE Activities GDT objective - web-enable enable data and allow users to easily and quickly access, update,, and apply public domain data for free Global data integration - biodiversity, ecosystems, and geophysical data Operationalization of RLCM Tool (NASA proposal) landcover change detection,ecosystem mapping, etc. (IABIN letter of support) GAP and conservation effectiveness analyses

6 Examples of Integrated Global Data (in a secure, large capacity, web-enabled enabled user oriented environment) Millennium Ecosystem Assessment (WDCBE is the formal archive) WDPA 2006 NGO Protected Areas Important Bird Area (IBA) Polygons Wilderness Areas Hotspots 2004 WWF Global 200 Terrestrial Ecosystems WWF Ecoregions Global Landcover 2000 Shaded Relief Major Rivers Major Lakes and Reservoirs Cities Landscan Global Populations Global Population Estimates 2005 Human Footprint (Human Influence Index) Etc.

7 Comparison between the PAD (national) vs. WDPA (global) Points vs. polygons Types of lands Management effectiveness

8 Protected Area polygons Open polygons Encroachment

9 Protected Area data

10 SCALE and Resolution PAD WDPA Types of management Levels of analysis PAD WDPA (US only) Polygons 344,185 10,103 Places 30,912 5,467 Granularity (resolution) of the data to support the various types of analyses

11 Rapid Landcover Mapping Tool (RLMT) USGS/EROS

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18 Proposed IABIN Protected Area Workshop Goal: Pilot the ability of a regional organization (IABIN) and IABIN members to: Support protected area data acquisition and/or editing for global authorities (i.e., WCMC), View/process data with other integrated data sets, and Perform analyses and applications (i.e., CBD conservation measures). Location/Duration: : South/Central America for 3 days Participants: IABIN PATN and Secretariat sponsor/pilot participation IABIN National PA Coordinators (selected) data suppliers and active participation WDCBE sponsor/planning USGS/GAM/RMMC and NBII national level PA data set preparation, handouts, and course/tool instructors GEO sponsor and pilot participation WCMC pilot participation

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20 Global Earth Observation System of Systems (GEOSS) Status Call for biodiversity and ecology task leadership/participation ( ) tasks are released USGS/WDCBE Interests/Involvement

21 USGS/WDCBE/GAM/NBII Areas of Participation Staff secondment to GEOSS (Focus on Biodiversity and Ecology Societal Benefits) Task leadership and/or task group - Ecosystem Classification - Global Ecosystem Mapping - Tool Development - Global Biodiversity Observation Network/System (GBON)

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24 GEOSS Task EC Lead and POC Roger Sayre, PhD U.S. Geological Survey Co-lead Alberto Yanosky, PhD Guyra Paraguay EC-06-02: Ecosystem Classification (from GEO Workplan) Establish an ad hoc Ecosystems Classification Task Force, covering terrestrial, freshwater, and ocean ecosystems, with a mandate to create a globally agreed, robust, and viable classification scheme for ecosystems. In parallel with the classification effort, develop, review, and initiate a mapping approach to spatially delineate the classified ecosystems.

25 Multi-tiered Ecosystems Classification Macro-scales: Land Cover, Ecoregions Meso-scales: Ecosystems Micro-scales: Vegetation

26 Ecosystems Mapping Model Step One Elevation Landforms Geology Ecosystem Footprints Step Two Ecosystems Classification Bioclimate Land Cover Labeled Ecosystems

27 South American Ecosystems Bioclimate

28 Standardized Ecosystems - Initiatives Global GEOSS Americas-wide IABIN US USGS

29 Level# Theme Terrestrial Freshwater Nearshore Neritic Oceanic 0 Domain separator Elevation > 0 (msl), latitude Elevation > 0 (msl), latitude Bathymetry 0 30m, latitude Bathymetry m, latitude Bathymetry > 200m, latitude 1 Macrobioclimate Climatic partitioning of Polar, Temperate, Tropical Climatic partitioning of Polar, Temperate, Tropical Climatic partitioning of Polar, Temperate, Tropical Climatic partitioning of Polar, Temperate, Tropical Climatic partitioning of Polar, Temperate, Tropical 2 Mesobioclimate Global land climate regions determined by climate data (biomes or plant functional types) Global land climate regions determined by climate data (tbd) Global marine climate regions defined by salinity Global marine climate regions defined by sea surface temperature, sea surface elevation, mixed layer depth, salinity Global marine climate regions defined by sea surface temperature, sea surface elevation, mixed layer depth, salinity 3 Biogeography separator Global phytogeography (Takhtajan) Global zoogeographic basins Global marine zoogeographic regions Global marine zoogeographic regions Global marine zoogeographic regions 4 Geochemical Topographic index of plant-available soil moisture; specialized substrates Ecological Drainage Units: climate/physiograp hy/substrate porosity Tidal mixing, wave energy, substrate texture Hydrochemical phenomena, seafloor landforms and substrate types 5 Biophysical structure Total biomass, vegetation structure, landscape juxtaposition Surface water character determining biotic structure (e.g., lakes, rivers, streams) e.g., Estuary, river plume, submarine groundwater discharge, reef; Biomass estimate by water column layer 6 Biotic composition Gradient from secondary vegetation to primary vegetation/undistur Macrohabitats; Fish/invertebrate communities Coastal macrohabitats Continental shelf macrohabitats Plankton communities

30 Mapping Approach Global Climate Data Global Geomorphology Data Level 1 Macroclimates Level 2 Mesoclimates Level 3 Abiotic Ecosystems

31 THANK YOU

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